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UNIT 1

Basic level

UNIT 1. Hello! How are you?

Read the dialogue:


Margaret: Hello! Are you Carmen Lpez?
Carmen: Oh, yes! I am. Are you Mrs. Major?
Margaret: Yes, Carmen. Nice to meet you.
Carmen: Nice to meet you, too.
Margaret: But please Carmen, call me Margaret. Let me introduce you to my husband, Tim.
Carmen: Oh, hello!
Tim: Hello, Im very pleased to meet you.
Margaret: And this is Sandra, our daughter.
Sandra: Hi! How are you?
Carmen: Im fine, thank you. And you? Whats your name?
Sally: My names Sally

Exercice 1. Complete the dialogues. Use the expressions from the box. And match the three dialogues with
the photos.
My names

Hello

Hi

Whats your name

Im

Its

meet

1. A: Hi, _________ Jana. _________ _________ _________?


B: _________, Jana. _________ _________ Dominik.
2. A: _________ _________ _________, please?
B: _________ Patricia Prez.
3. A: Hello. _________ _________ David Cooper.
B: _________. _________ Lisa Smith. Nice to _________ you.

UNIT 1
Basic level
TO BE (SER O ESTAR)
A. PRESENT TENSE: AM /m/ , IS /iz/, ARE /a:r/
1. El verbo TO BE tiene tres formas en el tiempo presente. FORMA AFIRMATIVA:
SINGULAR

PLURAL

I am
/ai m/ (Yo
soy/estoy)

We are
estamos)

/wi: :r/ (Nosotros/as somos o

You are

You are

/i :r/ (Uds. son/estn)

They are

/i :r/ (Ellos/as son/estn)

/i :r/ (T eres/ests)

He is

/hi: z/ (El es/est)

She is

/shi: z/ (Ella es/est)

It is

/it z/ (Es/est)

En conversacin, normalmente se usan las contracciones Im. Youre, Hes, Shes, Its, Were, Theyre.

2. La FORMA NEGATIVA se expresa usando la palabra NOT.


SINGULAR

PLURAL

I am not

/ai m nt/

We are not

/w: a:r nt/

Im not

/aim nt/

We arent

/w: :rent/

Were not

/w:r nt/

You are not

/i :r nt/

You are not

/i :r nt/

You arent

/iu :rent/

You arent

/iu :rent/

Youre not

/ir nt/

Youre not

/ir nt/

He is not /hi:

She is not

It is not

They are not

iz nt/

/sh: iz nt/

/it iz nt/

nt/

He isnt

She isnt

It isnt

/h: znt/

/sh: znt/

/it znt/

Hes not

Shes not

Its not

/ h:z nt/

/sh:z nt/

/its nt/

/ei a:r

They arent

/ei :rent/

Theyre not

/eir nt/

UNIT 1
Basic level
La FORMA INTERROGATIVA se expresa mediante simple inversin de orden con el sujeto de la oracin.
SINGULAR

PLURAL

Am I? /am ai/*

Are we? /:r w:/


Arent we?

/:rent wi:/

Are you?

/:r i:/

Are you?

/:r i:/

Arent you?

/:rent iu:/

Arent you?

/:rent iu:/

Is he?

/z h:/

Are they?

/:r ei/

Isnt he?

/znt hi:/

Arent they?

/.rent ei/

Is she?

/z sh:/

Isnt she?

/znt /

Is it?

/z it/

Isnt it?

/znt it/

* Debido a que no existe una contraccin para AM NOT, habitualmente se usa ARENT en este caso. En
conversacin coloquial se usa la contraccin AINT /int/ Ejemplo: Arent I your friend? Aint I your friend?

Se utiliza tambin el verbo to Be para:

Decir si se tiene hambre o


sed: Im hungry/thirsty
(Tengo hambre/sed)
Expresar edad:

Im 32 years old
(Tengo 32 aos)

Expresar temor: Im
afraid of spiders (Tengo
miedo a las araas)

TO BE
Decir si se tiene
fro/calor: Im cold/hot
(Tengo fro/calor)

Decir si llegamos
tarde/temprano: Hes late/early
(Llega tarde/temprano)

UNIT 1
Basic level
About Lisa:

Exercice 1. Write about yourself.


____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________________

Exercice 2. Write the short form of to Be verb:


1. It is a lovely day. Its a lovely day.

6. It is not very warm._____________________

2. We are not students. _____________________

7. He is American._____________________

3. I am sorry. _____________________

8. I am not very well._____________________

4. She is not here today._____________________

9. You are very cold._____________________

5. They are in the garden._____________________

10. We are late._____________________

UNIT 1
Basic level
Exercice 3. Write negative ends for the sentences:
Its winter, bit (- cold) it isnt cold.
Im Greek, but (- from Athens) ____________________________________
Shes tired, but (- ill) _________________________________________
They are in England, but (- in London) _______________________________
Youre tall, but (- too tall) ________________________________________
We are late, but (- very late) ____________________________________
Its summer, but (- hot) _________________________________________
Im a student, but (- at university) __________________________________

Exercice 4. Read the texts and complete them with am, is or are.
Hi! My name ______ Julia. I ______ from Germany. This ______ Peter. He is South African. He ______ my
friend. We ______ students. He ______ in the 7th grade and I ______ in the 8th, so we ______ not in the
same class. Kings College ______ our school. It ______ an old school, but we like it a lot. Our teachers
______ very nice. My favourite subject ______ Maths and Peters ______ English, but I ______ also fond of
Spanish and so ______ Peter. I ______ 13 years old and he ______ 12. Now we would like to hear from you.
Which year ______ you in? What ______ your school like?

Hi! My name ______ Michael. I ______ from Northern Ireland. This ______ Sarah. She is from the USA.
She______ my classmate. We ______ students. We ______ in the 6 th grade but we ______ not in the same
class. St. Martins ______ our school. It ______ a small school, but it ______ very modern. Our teachers
______ very friendly. My favourite subject ______ History and Sarahs ______ Arts, but I ______ also fond of
Science and so ______ Sarah. I ______ 11 years old and she ______ still 10. Now we would like to hear from
you. What _____ your teachers like? What subjects _____ you fond of?

Now, complete this table with information from the texts.


JULIA

PETER

MICHAEL

SARAH

Country
Age and Grade
School
Favourite subject
2nd favourite subject
5

UNIT 1
Basic level