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Basic level

UNIT 1. Hello! How are you?

Read the dialogue:

Margaret: Hello! Are you Carmen Lpez?
Carmen: Oh, yes! I am. Are you Mrs. Major?
Margaret: Yes, Carmen. Nice to meet you.
Carmen: Nice to meet you, too.
Margaret: But please Carmen, call me Margaret. Let me introduce you to my husband, Tim.
Carmen: Oh, hello!
Tim: Hello, Im very pleased to meet you.
Margaret: And this is Sandra, our daughter.
Sandra: Hi! How are you?
Carmen: Im fine, thank you. And you? Whats your name?
Sally: My names Sally

Exercice 1. Complete the dialogues. Use the expressions from the box. And match the three dialogues with
the photos.
My names



Whats your name




1. A: Hi, _________ Jana. _________ _________ _________?

B: _________, Jana. _________ _________ Dominik.
2. A: _________ _________ _________, please?
B: _________ Patricia Prez.
3. A: Hello. _________ _________ David Cooper.
B: _________. _________ Lisa Smith. Nice to _________ you.

Basic level
A. PRESENT TENSE: AM /m/ , IS /iz/, ARE /a:r/
1. El verbo TO BE tiene tres formas en el tiempo presente. FORMA AFIRMATIVA:


I am
/ai m/ (Yo

We are

/wi: :r/ (Nosotros/as somos o

You are

You are

/i :r/ (Uds. son/estn)

They are

/i :r/ (Ellos/as son/estn)

/i :r/ (T eres/ests)

He is

/hi: z/ (El es/est)

She is

/shi: z/ (Ella es/est)

It is

/it z/ (Es/est)

En conversacin, normalmente se usan las contracciones Im. Youre, Hes, Shes, Its, Were, Theyre.

2. La FORMA NEGATIVA se expresa usando la palabra NOT.



I am not

/ai m nt/

We are not

/w: a:r nt/

Im not

/aim nt/

We arent

/w: :rent/

Were not

/w:r nt/

You are not

/i :r nt/

You are not

/i :r nt/

You arent

/iu :rent/

You arent

/iu :rent/

Youre not

/ir nt/

Youre not

/ir nt/

He is not /hi:

She is not

It is not

They are not

iz nt/

/sh: iz nt/

/it iz nt/


He isnt

She isnt

It isnt

/h: znt/

/sh: znt/

/it znt/

Hes not

Shes not

Its not

/ h:z nt/

/sh:z nt/

/its nt/

/ei a:r

They arent

/ei :rent/

Theyre not

/eir nt/

Basic level
La FORMA INTERROGATIVA se expresa mediante simple inversin de orden con el sujeto de la oracin.


Am I? /am ai/*

Are we? /:r w:/

Arent we?

/:rent wi:/

Are you?

/:r i:/

Are you?

/:r i:/

Arent you?

/:rent iu:/

Arent you?

/:rent iu:/

Is he?

/z h:/

Are they?

/:r ei/

Isnt he?

/znt hi:/

Arent they?

/.rent ei/

Is she?

/z sh:/

Isnt she?

/znt /

Is it?

/z it/

Isnt it?

/znt it/

* Debido a que no existe una contraccin para AM NOT, habitualmente se usa ARENT en este caso. En
conversacin coloquial se usa la contraccin AINT /int/ Ejemplo: Arent I your friend? Aint I your friend?

Se utiliza tambin el verbo to Be para:

Decir si se tiene hambre o

sed: Im hungry/thirsty
(Tengo hambre/sed)
Expresar edad:

Im 32 years old
(Tengo 32 aos)

Expresar temor: Im
afraid of spiders (Tengo
miedo a las araas)

Decir si se tiene
fro/calor: Im cold/hot
(Tengo fro/calor)

Decir si llegamos
tarde/temprano: Hes late/early
(Llega tarde/temprano)

Basic level
About Lisa:

Exercice 1. Write about yourself.


Exercice 2. Write the short form of to Be verb:

1. It is a lovely day. Its a lovely day.

6. It is not very warm._____________________

2. We are not students. _____________________

7. He is American._____________________

3. I am sorry. _____________________

8. I am not very well._____________________

4. She is not here today._____________________

9. You are very cold._____________________

5. They are in the garden._____________________

10. We are late._____________________

Basic level
Exercice 3. Write negative ends for the sentences:
Its winter, bit (- cold) it isnt cold.
Im Greek, but (- from Athens) ____________________________________
Shes tired, but (- ill) _________________________________________
They are in England, but (- in London) _______________________________
Youre tall, but (- too tall) ________________________________________
We are late, but (- very late) ____________________________________
Its summer, but (- hot) _________________________________________
Im a student, but (- at university) __________________________________

Exercice 4. Read the texts and complete them with am, is or are.
Hi! My name ______ Julia. I ______ from Germany. This ______ Peter. He is South African. He ______ my
friend. We ______ students. He ______ in the 7th grade and I ______ in the 8th, so we ______ not in the
same class. Kings College ______ our school. It ______ an old school, but we like it a lot. Our teachers
______ very nice. My favourite subject ______ Maths and Peters ______ English, but I ______ also fond of
Spanish and so ______ Peter. I ______ 13 years old and he ______ 12. Now we would like to hear from you.
Which year ______ you in? What ______ your school like?

Hi! My name ______ Michael. I ______ from Northern Ireland. This ______ Sarah. She is from the USA.
She______ my classmate. We ______ students. We ______ in the 6 th grade but we ______ not in the same
class. St. Martins ______ our school. It ______ a small school, but it ______ very modern. Our teachers
______ very friendly. My favourite subject ______ History and Sarahs ______ Arts, but I ______ also fond of
Science and so ______ Sarah. I ______ 11 years old and she ______ still 10. Now we would like to hear from
you. What _____ your teachers like? What subjects _____ you fond of?

Now, complete this table with information from the texts.





Age and Grade
Favourite subject
2nd favourite subject

Basic level