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THRUST BLOCK DESIGN Thrust3C.XLS Uncategorised software All users are responsible for checking their own calculations.

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This spreadsheet carries out a design for WSD Type 1 Thrust Blocks for TEES. The details of the calculations here should be read in conjunction with Technical Note Nr I.1 (Appendix I) of the WUD Pipes & Pipelines Manual

Data is entered into the yellow cells in the worksheet THRUST3 The Design Table allows a dozen cases to be analysed at once The yellow cells under the design table are common design parameters

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Uncategorised software All users are responsible for checking their own calculations.

THRUST BLOCK DESIGN


Thrust3C.XLS

THRUST BLOCK TYPE 1 DESIGN for TEES

Version & Date

Project Name:

Description :

Standard Thrust Block Type 1 for Tees

Designed by:

Checked by:

Date:

Face cast against excavation

B
Lf1=200 min

Ground Level Block cover

Pipe cover
45 A

d OD d

H/2 H/2

X PLAN
Applicability and principal design parameters
Pipes with OD not greater than DN + 5%, eg DI, GRP Granular soils,

SECTION X-X

Design Basis

Soil+gravity

(Passive-Active) pressure integrated over height of block

Base friction from weight of block only.

Weight of pipe ignored

Angle of soil friction

30

degrees

OD = OD adopted for calculations

Factor of safety

1.5

Hb = Height of thrust block overall

Submerged conditions

Dry

A = width of thrust block at pipe

Soil density(non submerged)

17.5

kN/m3

B = width of thrust block at face

Soil sensity (submerged)

10

kN/m3

Concrete density

23

kN/m3

DATA

RESULTS

Diameter of

Test

Pipe

Dim

Design

Design

Block Dimensions

Main

Branch

Press

Cover

Case

OD

Thrust

Hb

Volume

mm

bar

mm

mm

mm

kN

mm

mm

mm

m3

600 600 600 600 600 600 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200

100 250 400 600 600 600 100 200 250 900 1200 1200

6 6 6 6 10 12 10 10 10 10 10 12

1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200 1200

119

6.6

1000

400

400

0.106

274

35.3

1000

550

750

0.289

429

86.6

1000

700

1700

1.070

635

190.2

1000

900

3400

3.568

635

316.9

1000

900

5300

8.080

635

380.3

1000

900

6150

10.684

119

11.1

1600

400

400

0.169

222

38.7

1600

500

500

0.250

1200 1200 1200 1200

274

58.8

1600

1200

1200

0.644

10

945

701.5

1600

1200

6150

17.121

11

1255

1237.0

1600

1200

9750

41.182

12

1255

1484.4

1600

1200

11250

54.262

SOIL & GENERAL DATA


Design Basis

Suggested Values

for Standard design

Angle of soil friction

Sdeg

Factor of safety

FS

Submerged conditions

SB

Soil density(non submerged)

Ysd

Soil sensity (submerged)

Yss

Concrete density

Ycd

30 1.5 0 17.5 10 23 0.2 0.2

deg

30

1.5

Dry

0=dry 1=submerged

kN/m3

17.5

kN/m3

10

kN/m3

23

Type 1 block parameters

Dimension d at block

Block ht above/below pipe

Depth of face before taper

Lf1

Pipe material (OD calcs)

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CALCULATIONS
2
g 9.806 m/s Design Basis Dbasis 3 Linked to design basis drop down

Design Case

case

1
0.100 m =INDEX(data,case,2)/1000 0.600 m =INDEX(data,case,1)/1000

Diameter

Branch

DNb

Main

DNm

Test pressure

Pt

6.0

bar

=INDEX(data,case,3)

Cover to Pipe

Cover

1200

mm

=INDEX(data,case,4)

Angle of soil friction

AngS

0.5236

rad

=Sdeg*PI()/180

Active

Ka

0.333

=TAN(PI()/4-AngS/2)^2

Passive

Kp

3.000

=TAN(PI()/4+AngS/2)^2

Net

Kn

2.667

=Kp-Ka

Base friction

Kb

0.577

=TAN(AngS)

Pipe outside diameter

Pipe Material

mat

linked to pipe material drop down box

OD for calcs

OD

0.1188 m

=CHOOSE(mat,ODst,ODdi,ODac12,ODac18,ODac24)

Steel/Plastic(OD=DN)

ODst

0.1000

=DNb

DI/GRP

ODdi

0.1188 m

=DNb*1.0329+0.0155

AC-12

ODac12

0.1131 m

=DNb*1.084+0.0047

AC-18

ODac18

0.1155 m

=DNb*1.131+0.0024

AC-24

ODac24

0.1200

=DNb*1.2

Cross sectional area

XAB

0.0111 m2

=PI()*OD^2/4

Design thrust

Td

6.6

kN

=Pt*XAB*100

Dimension A

default

Ad

0.4

=DNb+0.3

entered

At

=INDEX(data,case,5)/1000

used

As

0.4

=IF(ISNUMBER(INDEX(data,case,5)),At,Ad)

Round off to nearest 50

0.4

=ROUND(As*2,1)/2

Effective Soil Density

Ys

17.5

kN/m3

=IF(SB=0,Ysd,Yss)

Effective concrete Density

Yc

23

kN/m3

=IF(SB=0,Ycd,Ycd-g)

Depth to pipe centre

Ds

1.5

=Cover/1000+DNm/2

Block height

Hb

=DNm+2*d

Design Basis Options

Soil pressure only

Gravity only

Soil+gravity

Design for Soil Pressure only(Design Basis 1)

Face length

B1x

0.4000

=MAX(FS*Td/(Kn*Ys*Ds)/Hb,A)

Design with base friction (Design Basis 2 & 3)

Vol of concrete at pipe

VolA

0.026

m3

=A*(Hb*DNm/2-PI()*DNm^2/8+DNm*d/2)

Wt water in pipe

Ww

1.109032472 kN

=IF(SB=0,DNm^2*PI()/4*A*g,0)

Effective base pressure

Xpb

23

kN/m2

=Yc*Hb

Pass coeff

coeffB

XXB11

70

kN/m

=IF(Dbasis<>2,Kn*Ys*Ds*Hb,0)

Wt coeffs

coeffB

XXB12

2.655811238 kN/m

=Kb*Xpb*Lf1

coeffB2

XXB2

3.319764048

kN/m2

=Kb*Xpb/4

coeffB0

XXB01

-0.531162248

kN

=-Kb*Xpb/4*A^2

XXB02

0.349146745

kN

=Kb*VolA*Yc

Thrust term

XXB03

-9.974523445

kN

=-Td*FS

Combined coeffs

XXB1

10.94291796 m

=(XXB11+XXB12)/2/XXB2

XXB0

-3.059415911 m

=(XXB01+XXB02+XXB03)/XXB2

Solve for B

B2x

0.138908126 m

=-XXB1+SQRT(XXB1^2-XXB0)

Select B

Bx

0.138908126 m

=CHOOSE(Dbasis,B1x,B2x,B2x)

round up

B
Volf

0.40

=MAX(ROUND(2*Bx+0.049,1)/2,A)

Volume of Concrete

0.080

m3

=B*Hb*Lf1

Volb

0.000

m3

=(B+A)/2*(B-A)/2*Hb

Volc

0.106

m3

=VolA+Volb+Volf

180420595.xls.ms_officeTHRUST 3

THRUST3

Printer:10/15/2013