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Media Release

U.S. Army Garrison

Public Affairs Office


Release number: 2007-11-03
November 22, 2007

Update on Munitions Found at Makua Military Reservation

SCHOFIELD BARRACKS, Hawaii – In furthering the Army's goal to keep the public informed,
the following update is provided on the munitions found at the Makua Military Reservation.

A fused World War II era bomb was discovered November 1, 2007 as part of the Army's effort
to provide safe access to the Makua Military Reservation for cultural observances under a
2001 Settlement Agreement between the Army and Plaintiff Malama Makua.

From Oct 29th to Nov 19th an Army contractor conducted an unexploded ordnance (UXO)
sweep at Makua with the purpose of clearing roads and trails leading to cultural areas. This
would allow the opening of additional cultural sites and outlooks, which were previously
closed to access. This UXO sweep, and one completed last fall, were part of a two phase
Army effort at Makua. The total cost of the UXO sweep contract was $412,472.67
encompassing 5,520 man-hours.

The bomb and two other munitions (an 81mm round and a 106 mm anti-tank round) were
found as part of the sweep. The sweep is now complete and no other munitions have been

The reservation was immediately closed for safety concerns to everyone except those
involved in the explosive ordnance disposal operation and security. It was necessary to
cancel cultural access and a planned Makahiki observance on November 16-17.

The UXO sweep was done with Malama Makua's knowledge to allow access to a greater
number of cultural sites pursuant to the 2001 Settlement Agreement. Plaintiffs, through their
attorney, were made aware prior to the sweep that subsequent discovery of any unexploded
ordnance could impact the timing of their annual Makahiki celebration.

Now that the UXO sweep is completed, a thorough safety and destruction plan is being
finalized. It has been decided that detonating the munitions on site is the safest way to
eliminate them. The Army is diligently working towards a December 3, 2007 detonation date,
if compliance with all required laws and regulations, cultural site protective measures, and
demolition preparations can be completed.
Under the implementing guidelines of Section 106 of the National Historic Preservation Act,
the Army is requesting an expedited seven-day review of its proposed demotion and site
protection plans in lieu of the standard 30-day consultation process. When approved, the
demolition plan will be conducted after full coordination with the appropriate federal, state and
local agencies.

The Army must also comply with all other Federal, state and local laws, regulations and
requirements, to include the Endangered Species Act.

In order to minimize the blast area and ensure the blast effects do not affect cultural sites, the
demolition plan requires the filling and placing over 10,000 sand bags around the bomb and
other munitions. We are proceeding with this time consuming effort as rapidly as possible.

As part of the Army's commitment to protecting and preserving historic sites, an additional
1,000 sand bags will be also used to protect a petroglyph in the area.

The Army's primary concern remains public safety. Our intent is to remove the bomb as
safely and expeditiously as possible. As soon as this is completed, we will once again allow

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For more information, please contact the U.S. Army Garrison, Hawaii Public Affairs Office at
(808) 656-3154.