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Sustainable plan to control overfishing By XXXXX AXIA College of University of Phoenix SCI 275 Instructor: XXXXX
After viewing the Declining fish stock video and doing some research about this existing problem I came to realize that the matter is to be taken seriously and with urgency. As the video presents overfishing has created a global fish shortage and the consequences of this problem could be catastrophic for the future. According to Dr. Jeremy Jackson from the Scripps Institute of Oceanography, the overfishing problem is more destructive to the ocean than toxic pollution or degrading water quality.
In the past years there has been an increase of the demand for products with a high protein value and low in fat. Fish is the main source of food that quantifies this dieting description. The fishery industry in response to this opportunity had change the way they use to catch fish, implementing new fishing techniques using technological advances and better fishing equipment that assists them become more efficient and to catch enormous amount of fish in a short period of time. These fishing improvements caused the decline in population of the bigger fish like for example the shark, cod, tuna, and swordfish. Commercial fishing companies can catch hundreds of pounds of this fish daily and in some cases some bigger fishing companies even have transportation boats that take the daily catch to shore while the fishing vessel stays in the ocean fishing. Therefore, if they catch a substantial amount of this adult fish, there will be not enough time for these species to replenish and breed. Over 90 % of the big fish species have been fished out since the large scale industrial fishing began in the 1950’s. (Green peace international, 2008) The entire oceans ecosystem is threatened by this problem because with the depletion of the bigger ocean predators, smaller plankton eating species are populating the seas. In some places overfishing has caused the collapse of some fisheries. In 1992 over 40,000 jobs in the fishing industry were lost due to the declined cod fish. (Green peace international, 2005) The Canadian government implemented a cod fishing ban, but, some scientists say that it may be too late to recover the fish stock. Fixing the problem Although some scientists say it may be too late to fix the problem, the implementation of rules and regulations to control overfishing should be a priority for all the world nations, since this a problem that will affect the whole world. Professor Jeremy Jackson from the Scripps Institute states in his interview that the damage caused by the unrestricted fishing can be reversible if fishing restrictions are applied to world
fisheries and fishing industries. Some of the regulations the agencies have to put on fisherman and industrial fisheries are. • Catch control This restriction will include a fishing quota depending what is the targeted fish and the area this fish are been fished off. It will also put a catch limit on individual fishermen or fishing companies. • Equipment regulations This will restrict the companies to use fishing equipment that can harm the sea’s ecosystem and the exaggerated amount of fish they can fit in the nets and it will also prevents the “bycathch” like sea turtles, whales, and dolphins. Europe has already launched a campaign to prevent and reduce overfishing the blue fin tuna. The population of this particular kind of tuna has been decreasing in the past years. (Europe Rapid Press, 2008) The campaign will be coordinated by the Community Fisheries Control Agency and the recovery plan will take an estimated time of about 15 years. Some of the recommendations made by the commission are scraping of fishing vessels until they found a balance between the fishing capacities and fishing possibilities. The owners of the vessels that will be scraped will be indemnified with financial support. To ensure the accomplishment of the plan the commission counts with more than 30 patrol vessels, 16 aircrafts, and more than 50 inspectors at the ports making sure the fishing vessels are not in violation of the fishing agreement. The opposition The profits of commercial fisheries and non commercial fisheries will be cut substantially if a catch limit or quotas are imposed to them. Since many small fisheries will be affected with the
income cuts, some incentive should be given to fishermen whom decide to retire or present more than normal income losses. In conclusion I think precautions should be taken before the damage is irreversible. The fisheries should be concerned about the exploitation of the resources their companies depend of. As late as it could be, more people need to get involved in this problem and try to look for a solution and if that solution arises keep enforcing it as planned.
Commission launches major control campaign to clamp down on overfishing of bluefin tuna . (2008, March 14). Europa Rapid Press , pp. 1-2. No Cod? Blame The Seals. (2005). Retrieved July 08, 2009, from Green Peace International: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/news/no-cod-blame-the-seals Overfishing. (2008). Retrieved July 09, 2009, from Green Peace International: http://www.greenpeace.org/international/campaigns/oceans/overfishing