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Age Infancy (0 - 18 months)
Description Also referred to infancy as the Oral Sensory Stage (as anyone might who watches a baby put everything in her mouth) where the major emphasis is on the mother's positive and loving care for the child, with a big emphasis on visual contact and touch. During this stage we learn to master skills for ourselves. Not only do we learn to walk, talk and feed ourselves, we are learning finer motor development as well as the much appreciated toilet training. During this period we experience a desire to copy the adults around us and take initiative in creating play situations. often called the Latency, we are capable of learning, creating and accomplishing numerous new skills and knowledge, thus developing a sense of industry. stage at which we are neither a child nor an adult, life is definitely getting more complex as we attempt to find our own identity, struggle with social interactions, and grapple with moral issues. initial stage of being an adult we seek one or more
Trust vs. Mistrust
Toddler (18 months – 3 years)
Autonomy vs. Shame and Doubt
Preschool Age (3 years – 6 years) School Age ( 6 years – 12 years)
Initiative vs. Guilt Industry vs. Inferiority Identity vs. Role Confusion
Adolescence (12 years – 20 years)
(20 years - 35 years)
companions and love. As we try to find mutually satisfying relationships, primarily through marriage and friends, we generally also begin to start a family, though this age has been pushed back for many couples who today don't start their families until their late thirties. Generativity is the concern of establishing and guiding the next generation. Sociallyvalued work and disciplines are expressions of generativity. Simply having or wanting children does not in and of itself achieve generativity.
this entails facing the ending of life, and accepting successes and failures, ageing, and loss.
Middle Adulthood ( 35 years – 65 years)
Generativity vs. Stagnation
Late Adulthood (65 years and above)
Ego Integrity vs. Despair
Sigmund Freud of Psychosexual Development Stage Oral Stage Age 0-18 months Erogenous Zone Mouth Interactions with the Environment To the infant, the mother's breast not only is the source of food and drink, but also represents her love. Because the child's personality is controlled by the id and therefore demands immediate gratification, responsive nurturing is key. Both insufficient and forceful feeding can result in fixation in this stage.
Bowel and Bladder Elimination
he major event at this stage is toilet training, a process through which children are taught when, where, and how excretion is deemed appropriate by society. Children at this stage start to notice the pleasure and displeasure associated with bowel movements. Through toilet training, they also discover their own ability to control such movements. Along with it comes the realization that this ability gives them power over their parents. That is, by exercising control over the retention and expulsion of feces, a child can choose to either grand or resist parents' wishes. This is probably the most challenging stage in a person's psychosexual development. The key event at this stage, according to Freud, is the child's feeling of attraction toward the parent of the opposite sex, together with envy and fear of the same-sex parent. In boys, this situation is called the "Oedipus Complex" (aka the Oedipal Complex), named after the young man in a Greek myth who killed his father and married his mother, unaware of their true identities. In girls, it is called the "Electra Complex".
This is a period during which sexual feelings are suppressed to allow children to focus their energy on other aspects of life. This is a time of learning, adjusting to the social environment outside of home, absorbing the culture, forming beliefs and values, developing same-sex friendships, engaging in sports, etc. This period of sexual latency lasts five to six years, until puberty, upon which children become capable of reproduction, and their sexuality is re-awakened. This stage is marked by a renewed
sexual interest and desire, and the pursuit of relationships.