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Initial observations:

Cell Unit Packet Egg Demo

Name: _______________ Hr: ____

 

Date

Circumference

Shape

Texture

 

Liquid #1: _____________________

 

Hypothesis: (What so you think will happen and why?)

Day 2 observations:

 
 

Date

Circumference

Shape

Texture

 

Liquid #2: _____________________

 

Hypothesis: (What so you think will happen and why?)

Day 3 observations:

 
 

Date

Circumference

Shape

Texture

 

Liquid #3: _____________________

 

Hypothesis: (What so you think will happen and why?)

Final observations:

 
 

Date

Circumference

Shape

Texture

 

What was this experiment demonstrating?

Cell Organelles

Name of Function (Job) organelle Location (plant, animal or both)
Name of
Function (Job)
organelle
Location (plant,
animal or both)

Cell Theory Notes

“Cell Dudes from Long Ago”

Antonie van Leeuwenhoek lived from 1632 to 1723:

His contribution to science:

Robert Hooke lived From 1635 to 1703:

His contribution to science:

Robert Brown lived from 1773 to 1858:

His contribution to science:

Matthais Schleiden lived from 1804 to 1881:

His contribution to science:

Schwann lived from 1810 until 1882:

His contribution to science:

Rudolf Virchow lived from 1821 until 1902:

His contribution to science:

Together, Schleiden, Schwann and Virchow are given most of the credit for

coming up with the

 

which

states:

________________

1.

2.

3.

1930’s- Electron Microscopes

 

What is it?

 

What are the two different types?

 

The two different categories of cells:

= no nucleus (bacteria)

 

= with nucleus (animal & plant)

 

Cell Organelle Notes

Cell (nuclear) Membrane:

 
 

Surrounds the cell, like the “

of the cell.

Regulates what

and

the cell and

 

provided

and

for the cell.

The cell membrane has

__________

layers.

Cytoplasm:

a thick liquid inside all cells aka “

__________

_____________

all cell organelles.

Endoplasmic Reticulum:

The endoplasmic reticulum (

)

is a series of

that

materials.

The ER is made up of

and

regions.

“ ” ______________

Rough Endoplasmic Reticulum:

Rough = with ________________

Transports _______________

Smooth Endoplasmic Reticulum:

Smooth =

_______

ribosomes

Transports ________________

Ribosome:

Assembles small

__________

parts

Located on the surface of the ______________________________

or free floating.

Golgi Bodies:

The Golgi is in charge of

________________

of chemicals.

Substances arrive there and are changed

Then they are

_______________

and sent other places in the cell.

Sometimes substances are

of the cell.

___________ ___________

Lysosomes:

cells'

system

contain

that break apart nearly all cell

molecules.

digest worn out

_____________

parts

If the lysosome breaks, it can destroy the cell!

The Nucleus:

The nucleus is the

_____________

for DNA and

of

___________

the cell.

The nucleus is surrounded by the

___________

_____________

(envelope)

DNA makes up

___________________________

,

genetic code for a cell.

which carry the

Mitochondria:

Mitochondria are the

________________

production centers of the

cell.

Mitochondria convert

______________

and

into

___________

____________________.

“ ” _____________________

Many found in muscle cells.

Vacuoles:

The vacuole is a

______________

filled organelle that stores

amino acids,

_____________

,

water and _______________.

Much larger in _________________.

Centrioles:

found only in

cells

_______________

involved in cell _____________________

Plant cells contain additional organelles that are absent from animal cells!

Cell Wall:

The cell wall is a

________________

layer that ______________

a cell and gives it shape.

Chloroplast:

The chloroplast is a special organelle necessary to carry out

________________________.

Chloroplasts contain certain pigments that give leaves the color

they contain.

They belong to a group of organelles called “

”.

_______________

They all contain pigments and starch.

Cell Membranes & Transport

Membranes are made of 2 layers called _________________.

Draw a cell membrane here:

Cell membranes are ________________________.

It acts like a

by letting some chemicals

&

others.

It is the

of the cell.

The membrane stops things because of how it is built:

 

The

of the membrane is

It

 

water.

The

of the membrane is

It

water.

______________

These water loving and water hating parts of the membrane tend to keep

some things away from the membrane.

The membrane is

  • - It has holes. Some things

_______ _________________

get through. This is how…

Diffusion:

Uses

A

membrane

The random movement of particles from a

concentration.

to a

energy.

____________

_____________

____________________

Cell Membranes & Transport Membranes are made of 2 layers called _________________. Draw a cell membrane

molecule will slide through the

…only if it will fit.

 

Osmosis

Osmosis is the diffusion of ______________.

Only the small

(the water) can get through.

Osmosis • Osmosis is the diffusion of ______________. • Only the small (the water) can get

Facilitated Diffusion:

The molecules that are too big to get through the membrane use ________.

Requires no energy!

There are different types of proteins:

and ____________.

To review… Simple Diffusion, Osmosis, and Facilitated Diffusion…

Use

energy (Passive Transport)

Move particles from

to a ________________

concentration

Active Transport:

A process that

energy

Proteins move molecules across the membrane from ______________

to

concentration.

Except for the above two points, it is the same as facilitated diffusion.