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Annex C: Training and Leader Development

Department of Defense Transformation Planning requirements, the Army’s strategic responsibilities

Guidance states the Army must transform not now encompass a wider range of missions that
only the capabilities at our disposal, but also the present greater challenges to our leaders. These
very way we think, train, and fight. To do this, the full-spectrum operations include combined arms
Army is reexamining and challenging institutional and Joint, Interagency, Intergovernmental, and
assumptions, paradigms, and procedures so that Multinational considerations.
it can beer serve the Nation. The end result will
be an improved campaign-quality Army with Joint The focus of Leader Development is on the future
and expeditionary capabilities. to prepare Soldiers and civilians for increasing
levels of responsibility. Leader Development is
The Army’s training and leadership development accomplished through a lifelong learning process
core competencies are twofold: train and equip that takes place through operational experience in
Soldiers and grow leaders; and provide relevant units, in Army schools and training centers, and
and ready land power capability to combatant self development.

commanders. The following imperatives will


guide how the Army organizes, trains, and equips The Army Training and Leader Development

to ensure mastery of the full range of military Model (see Figure C-1). Three core domains—
operations by: operational, institutional, and self-development—
shape critical learning experiences throughout a
• Implementing transformation initiatives Soldier’s or civilian’s career. These domains function
that will improve capabilities for homeland within an Army culture bound by stated values,
defense and stability operations
• Improving proficiencies against irregular
• Achieving Army Modular Force capabilities
to dominate in complex terrain
• Improving Army capabilities for bale
command, Joint fires capability, and Joint
logistics efforts to beer our Nation’s
strategic responsiveness and global force


Leader Development is a deliberate, continuous,
sequential, and progressive process grounded
in Army Values to grow Soldiers and civilians
into competent and confident leaders. Closing
the gap between training, Leader Development,
and balefield performance has always proved a
challenge, and in an era of complex national security Figure C-1 Training & Leader Development Model


standards, ethics, and the Warrior Ethos. Focused One mandate of Army transformation is to ensure
on the Soldier, these domains interact to provide Army leaders understand the link between
feedback and assessment from various sources and training and Leader Development. Linking these
methods, including counseling and mentoring, to two fundamental obligations commits the Army
maximize technical and tactical competence and, to training Soldiers and civilians while developing
ultimately, warfighting readiness. Each domain them into leaders. For example, the institutional
has specific, measurable actions that must occur to Army, which includes schools, Combat Training
develop competent leaders. Centers, the civilian education system, and
professional military education programs, trains
In the operational domain, Leader Development Soldiers, civilians, and leaders to take their places
is accomplished in units and organizations via in Army units by teaching all of the Army’s doctrine
individual and collective training, participation in and Tactics, Techniques, and Procedures.
key training exercises or at Combat Training Centers,
during full-spectrum operations, and through Other examples are operational deployments
mentoring. In this domain, Leader Development and major training opportunities such as CTC
requires commitment by both individual and chain Exportable Training Capability, Joint exercises, and
of command to support self-development, and fill Mission Readiness Exercises. These training venues
gaps in leader skills, knowledge, and aributes are designed to hone common Warrior Tasks and

as identified through individual and chain of Bale Drills to properly prepare Soldiers and

command assessment and feedback. leaders for the Common Operating Environment.

Capturing lessons learned and key operational
The institutional domain provides standards- insights from the field serves as the mechanism for
based training and education from individual continually reviewing WTBD to ensure training
through collective training, instilling current and is relevant, rigorous, and realistic to enhance
future leaders with the Warrior Ethos and common unit readiness and produce bold, innovative, and
doctrinal foundation. Institutional Training
adaptive leaders.
focuses on educating (the “how”) and training (the
“what”) Soldiers, civilians, and leaders. It includes
individual, unit, and Joint Service schools, and
advanced civilian and military education.
The Secretary of the Army directed a review of
The self-development domain is based on training, education, and assignment of leaders
a feedback-driven process of activities and (military and civilian) to determine how best
learning that contributes to professional to develop future leaders. An AL21 task force
competence, organizational effectiveness, and assessed existing Army policies and programs
personal development to enhance potential to and recommended changes and revisions that
succeed in progressively complex, higher-level address both individual self-development
responsibilities. Assessment and feedback inform activities and those intended to occur during
the individual of areas of personal strengths and assignments, formal schooling, and training. The
areas requiring improvement. Self-development is review confirmed the officer leader development
a team effort requiring a motivated individual with process required a paradigm shi to address
support or guidance from superiors and peers. shortfalls in specific skills needed to prepare them
While knowledge and perspective increase with for full-spectrum operations. Non-commissioned
age, experience, Institutional Training, operational officer development must change by developing
assignments, and goal-oriented self-development a comprehensive learning strategy and a lifelong
actions can greatly accelerate and broaden skills learning approach to accommodate an expanded
and knowledge. leadership role.

Because civilian Leader Development is to processes and solve problems more easily.
significantly less established than the military’s, it Experiential learning through rotational and
requires new initiatives to give the Civilian Corps a developmental assignments, deployments, and
unique identity. These initiatives will complement crossovers into other functions will enhance an
DoD Human Capital Strategy and the National Army leader’s knowledge base.
Security Personnel System to achieve competency-
based occupational planning, performance-based Army Leaders for the 21st Century will produce
management, and enhanced opportunities for multi-skilled, professionally educated warriors.
personal and professional growth. “The Pentathlete” (Figure C-2) will be the confident,
competent decision-maker who can overcome the
Detailed recommendations have been integrated challenges the Army will face in the future defense
into the Army Campaign Plan. Officers will expand of the Nation. Through the proper balance of
their competency to broaden non-kinetic expertise unit experiences, self-development, training, and
to a full-spectrum culture, and focus on addressing education at all levels, the Army will grow leaders
critical gaps pertaining to mental agility, cultural who are decisive, innovative, adaptive, culturally
awareness, governance, enterprise management/ astute, and effective communicators. This balance
strategic leadership. For NCOs, a study will is dynamic and continually adjusted based on
be conducted to determine how the Army can future force needs. In addition to being experts in

maximize their utilization, while retaining the the art and science of the profession of arms and

NCO Pentathlete. This will be accomplished demonstrating character and integrity in everything

via a learning strategy, as well as integrated they do, Army leaders must be astute at building
and synchronized distributed learning under teams, boldly confronting uncertainty, and solving
a virtual “Warrior University.” Civilians have complex problems. Above all, future senior leaders
been mandated to establish an identity, make an must be strategic and creative thinkers dedicated
investment in Civilian Leader Development, and to lifelong learning. Only then will we develop
establish a Civilian Corps Development System leaders who as skilled in leadership as they are in
and Civilian Corps Management System. governance, statesmanship, and diplomacy.


Assignments that promote confidence, creativity, WHENEVER
and critical thinking complement Institutional The future training environment is a network-
Training and aid in growing leaders. Leaders who focused Army Training System that can plan,
operate in a broader framework tend to adapt coordinate, deliver and assess the full spectrum
of training capabilities to meet the complex and
rapidly changing operational and technological
environment. Soldiers, leaders, bale staffs,
and units must be able refocus training as their
mission is refined or shis through the Army
Force Generation cycle. In the future, training
functionality will operate within the Army’s high-
speed, high-capacity backbone communications
network providing training support wherever a
unit is located. Integrated network capabilities will
enable units to plan, prepare, train, rehearse, and
execute simultaneously. Training capabilities will
provide reach back access to information resources
at any level and for any function.


Figure C-2 Army Leaders in the 21st Century

Even aer training functionality is fully embedded and Onward Movement and Integration locations;
in equipment and weapon systems, the Army and where the unit is employed. Additionally, unit
Training System must be responsive to the needs leaders must have:
of operational commanders by providing required
training products that address operational concerns, 1. Access to centers of excellence for doctrine,
performance assistance that helps Soldiers meet Tactics, Techniques and Procedures, lessons
mission demands, and analysis/dissemination of learned;
lessons learned. This requires establishment of 2. User-friendly training management tools that
a designed capability to connect the operational reduce training planning time and allows
environment to all Army training capabilities. tracking of all unit training requirements and
performance evaluations;
The Army Training System must continue to
enhance its capability to support units that have 3. Training support products that enable units
received a directed mission, are preparing to to practice mission essential tasks with
deploy, or have deployed. The training support realistic interaction with other friendly team
system must fully service the directed mission members and against opposing forces;
at the unit’s home station and mobilization sites; 4. A challenging mission rehearsal exercise
rehearsal location; and Theater Reception, Staging, before deploying when circumstances allow;

5. Ability to plan and rehearse missions mission-focused training events consideration
assigned in theater; and of JIIM planning, command and control and
execution. Home station and deployed training
6. Job aids to enable Soldiers to perform
capabilities should provide Soldiers, leaders, and
difficult or important tasks to high standard.
bale staffs the means to conduct training in a JIIM
environment. JIIM context must become the norm
HOME STATION TRAINING during training at the Army’s Combat Training
The bulk of the time available for units to train Centers. The end state is Soldiers, leaders, and
occurs while units are at home station installations, units fully prepared to effectively and efficiently
Army National Guard armories, U.S. Army function within the JIIM team wherever required
by coalition operations.
Reserve centers, or local/regional training areas.
Home station is where individual skills and
collective proficiency are honed, and where unit COMBAT TRAINING CENTER (CTC)
readiness and cohesion are formed. Home station PROGRAM
training must be optimized because units have a The Combat Training Center program includes
finite amount of time before they must be ready the Bale Command Training Program, Joint
to deploy. The Army’s goal is to provide units the Multinational Readiness Center, Joint Readiness
ability to train at home station on the core missions Training Center, and National Training Center, and

they were doctrinally designed to accomplish integrates training with the Joint National Training

across the full spectrum of military operations in a Capability.


Common Operating Environment with Joint team

members; and then refocus training on a directed Beginning FY08, the CTC Program will develop
mission, when assigned. To accomplish these an Exportable Training Capability that will
critical training events and tasks, home station support ARFORGEN. While ETC won’t achieve
training must be supported with an adequate mix operational capability until FY10, expanding reach
of training enablers—ground/air operating funds, of CTCs through an ETC is required to support the
Live-Virtual-Constructive training capability, aids, increased number of modular brigades preparing
devices, simulations, instrumentation, ammunition, to deploy. ETC will be manned with analysts and
live-fire ranges, and maneuver training areas. an Opposing Force cadre, and equipped with an
instrumentation and aer action review capability
JOINT, INTERAGENCY, that can be used either at home station (Power
Projection Platform) for Active Component, or
at an Army National Guard training area (Power
Generation Platform) for Guard units. ETC will
The Common Operating Environment requires provide a training experience that approaches the
seamless integration of JIIM operating elements. fidelity of an actual rotation at a CTC.
Accordingly, the Army is ensuring its training
capability is nested within the Joint National Combat Training Center training rotations remain
Training Capability, which makes this context the Army’s capstone training events for baalions,
available. Furthermore, Army Leader Development BCTs, divisions, corps, and echelons above corps.
and training programs require the JIIM context to Their focus remains unit readiness and Leader
be fully effective. Development, and their primary purpose is to
develop ready units and self-aware, adaptive
Deploying units must have the opportunity to leaders. CTCs accomplish this by integrating
practice their directed mission just as they will the contemporary operational environment and
perform it, within a JIIM context. Units must JIIM context into all training. This environment
have the capability to routinely incorporate into can include simultaneous, noncontiguous, and


continuous operations in a distributed, global, Live- six months, helps ensure training across the Army
Virtural-Constructive training capability within a remains dynamic, relevant, and in step with
JIIM context in operations against a freethinking Common Operating Environment.
and adaptable Opposing Force. The balefield is
arrayed to maximize stress on digital Army Bale Changing Reserve Officer Training Corps. U.S.
Command Systems. Complex terrain will be a part Army Cadet Command is reviewing the four
of each rotation. pillars of the ROTC program—Recruit, Retain,
Develop, and Commission—to best meet demands
Special Operations Forces will be appropriately of the future force. Essential to this comprehensive
integrated throughout rotations, as will realistic assessment is identification of the appropriate
Combat Service Support training to stress logistics knowledge, skills, and aributes required of future
structures. Role players as civilians on the balefield leaders so remain innovative, adaptive, culturally
replicate the human dimension of the Common astute and effective communicators.
Operating Environment. Deployment tasks remain
an important focus of each rotation. Instrumented Professional Military Education is transforming to
feedback for both formal and informal Aer Action ensure it supports operational force requirements.
Reviews will enhance the quality of training and The focus of PME has broadened to address
facilitate sharing of lessons learned to unit leaders, increased educational requirements established

home station, institutions and deployed units. by three key areas: The National Defense Strategy’s

four emerging security challenges (irregular,

Institutional Training. Centers and schools traditional, catastrophic, disruptive), and
will continue to develop leaders through NCO, establishment of Stability Operations as a core
warrant officer, and officer education programs. Army mission with priority comparable to combat
Additionally, in times of crisis and need for operations, and lessons learned from the Common
expansion, centers and schools must be expandable Operating Environment. The Army is piloting
to support the mobilization requirements of the a new learning model that combines guided
Army. experiential learning, fast-tracking of high-ability
students, Saturday instruction, and greater use of
Initial Entry Training Re-design. This initiative distributed learning. Modules on warfighting and
involves a comprehensive look at creating irregular warfare will educate leaders on doctrine,
efficiencies in the training base to produce additional TTPs for decision making, and employment of
manpower by redesigning the conduct of Initial military units in combined arms operations in all
Entry Training. These initiatives will produce emerging security challenges. These modules will
trained and ready Soldiers at the right place and be tactically focused, hands-on, and execution-
the right time to effectively integrate into their first oriented, culminating with an exercise that stresses
unit of assignment. To achieve this more dynamic and develops the leaders’ ability to rapidly make
throughput, the Initial Entry Training community decisions and apply the elements of combat power
is testing several initiatives to determine feasibility. throughout full-spectrum operations.
The end state for this re-design is Soldiers spending
less time in Initial Entry Training, and arriving at The Army School System is responsible for the
operational units sooner. vast majority of Information Technology within the
Army, and provides training to Soldiers in both the
Continuous review of Warrior Tasks and Bale Active and Reserve Component. ATS Courseware
Drills. A process is also underway to periodically is an on-going initiative to satisfy needs to expand
review this training to ensure the initial military training technologies. Reserve Component
training community (officer and enlisted) is courses are converting to to ensure critical tasks
properly focused. This process, conducted every are taught to the same standard regardless of the

school, including Military Occupational Specialty performed by all lieutenants and warrant
qualification, Army leadership, functional, officers. Each officer candidate, warrant
professional development, and civilian courses. The officer candidate, or cadet, regardless of
course’s structure and media ensure standardized commissioning or appointment source, will
training by all Soldiers on critical tasks. A major be trained using the same standards and a
outcome of this conversion will allow an Active common core task list.
Component Soldier to take Army courses at a
• Phase II
local armory if they are not available at his home
(Experiential Leader Training).
Upon graduation and commissioning,
lieutenants aend the second, branch-
OFFICER EDUCATION SYSTEM immaterial phase of BOLC. This course
Dramatic changes have been implemented across is physically and mentally challenging,
the Officer Education System to meet the needs with more than 80 percent of the training
of the Army and realities of Common Operating conducted hands-on in a tactical or field
Environment. All programs of instruction are being environment. The platoon is the focal point
adapted to ensure officer education continues to be for all activities, as each student is evaluated
current and relevant, and is developing a framework in a series of mission-focused leadership
to implement a world-class educations system with positions under varying conditions and

distinct components for warrant officers, company situations designed to develop adaptive

and field grade commissioned officers in both the and agile combat leaders. Officers depart

Active and Reserve Component. The Army will this training with greater confidence, an
ultimately combine warrant officer training into increased appreciation for all branches of the
common officer training, when common officer combined arms, and a clearer picture of their
skills are taught. personal strengths and weaknesses. BOLC II
is now fully implemented with the capacity
Basic Officer Leader Course. The Army’s transition to run four simultaneous companies at each
to Basic Officer Leaders Course has significantly of the two locations (Fort Benning and Fort
changed initial military training for officers. It Sill). Efforts are underway to integrate new
transforms pre-commissioning, pre-appointment, WO1s into BOLC II by FY09.
and the Officer Basic Course to beer prepare
• Phase III
second lieutenants and warrant officers for their
(Branch Specific Training).
first unit. The objective is to develop technically
Aer gaining confidence in their abilities
competent, confident, and adaptable platoon
to lead small units, officers are prepared
leaders grounded in leadership and field cra,
to learn specialized branch-specific skills,
regardless of branch, who embody the Army Values
doctrine, tactics, and techniques. Upon
and the Warrior Ethos and who are physically and
graduation, officers proceed to their first
mentally strong. BOLC capitalizes on experience-
unit or aend additional assignment-
based training, logically structured to build on
specific training (e.g., airborne, Ranger,
lessons learned from the COE. Training is designed
language school, etc.). Curriculum
to be progressive and sequential across the three
refinement for Phase III is completed for
phases of BOLC.
most officer branches and is on track for full
• Phase I implementation in FY07. BOLC III is geared
(Pre-commissioning/Pre-appointment). toward branch-specific, technical training,
Traditional commissioning and appointment however there are some common core
sources are revising their curricula to train threads taught during this phase to further
basic Soldier and leader skills commonly develop the tactical to technical linkage.


Captains’ Professional Military Education has security affairs, with emphasis on the development
been redesigned in coordination with all branch and employment of military forces in land warfare.
schools, directives from higher authorities, and Graduates are granted masters degrees in strategic
feedback from numerous survey results which studies.
identified those training requirements necessary
for company-grade operations. Based on this Warrant Officer Advanced Course (Branch-specific
extensive coordination, the new Common Core of Training) is for CW2s and CW3s and focuses on
Skills, Knowledge, and Abilities has been integrated tactical and technical skills, and leadership at
into all captain’s career courses, both Active and company, baalion, and above. The 15 proponents
Reserve Component. Captains’ education now will that administer WOAC must conduct a formal
more fully prepare the professional company grade needs analysis to validate existing training and
officer for success during warfighting and stability education systems, determine future requirements,
operations in the COE. and identify opportunities to integrate WOAC with
captain’s PME.
Intermediate Level Education is designed to
prepare majors for full-spectrum operations in a Warrant Officer Staff Course is a four-week resident
Joint, interagency, international, and multinational course focused on staff officer and leadership skills
environment. Beginning with Year Group ’94 at baalion and above. WOSC educates CW3s and
CW4s in adaptive leadership, cultural awareness,

officers, ILE will provide all majors in the Army
COE, communication, staff skills, critical/creative

Competitive Category a quality, tailored, resident
problem solving and decision making to support

ILE. Officers are grounded in warfighting doctrine
the full spectrum of Army operations.
through an approximately four-month common core
course taught by certified Command and General
Warrant Officer Senior Staff Course is the
Staff College instructors at Fort Leavenworth or
warrant officer’s capstone course PME, providing
one of several satellite campuses known as Course
the master-level officer with broad Army-level
Locations. They also aend a qualification course
perspective required for assignment to CW5
in their branch or area of functional specialization
positions as technical, functional, and branch
(Functional Area). Officers continuing to serve in systems integrators and trainers at the tactical,
their basic branch aend the follow-on Advanced operational, and limited strategic levels in the JIIM.
Operations and Warfighting Course for six WOSSC focuses on “how the Army runs,” Army
additional months at Fort Leavenworth. Functional policies, programs and special items of interest.
Area officers aend tailored resident training
according to the unique requirements of their NCO EDUCATION SYSTEM (NCOES)
respective areas of specialization.
NCOES has undergone a radical transformation
to beer meet the needs of our NCOs. The Army
Pre-Command Course. Commanders selected for
has begun redesigning and implementing the
baalion and brigade command aend PCC prior to
Basic and Advanced NCO courses (BNCOC
assuming their assignments. The designees aend & ANCOC). The Army has also developed an
a one-week course conducted at Fort Leavenworth NCOES Transformation Strategy for both Active
that includes command team training for the and Reserve Component NCOs that consists of a
commander, command sergeants major, and their Life Long Learning Model that educates leaders to
respective spouses. conduct full-spectrum operations, serve in a wide
range of assignments at above grade positions
Army War College is the Senior Service College (Train Ahead) and develops NCOs into multi-
for the Army. It prepares officers and civilians for skilled leaders. All these steps are being taken to
senior leadership in the Army, Defense, and related support the needs of operational units during the
departments and agencies though a POI in national reset phase of ARFORGEN.

Warrior Leader Course. The Primary Leadership company-level operations in multiple
Development Course has been renamed WLC. environments. The first sergeant will have the
The effect of this change is not only reflected in the ability to function in the contemporary operating
name, but also in the course. WLC for corporal/ environment providing input for the coordination
E-4, is unrecognizable from the old PLDC, and of combat, Combat Support, and Combat Service
its curriculum has been revitalized to meet the Support efforts at echelons above company.
needs of Soldiers of the future. In keeping with a
recommendation to adopt a train-ahead philosophy, MSG/SGM/CSM Education. The capstone of
the Army has granted permission for exceptional NCOES is the Sergeants Major Course, which is
E-3s to aend WLC. The course incorporates transforming to meet the senior NCO professional
recent lessons learned by incorporating first-hand development requirements of the AMF by fostering
experience from the balefield. Every student leadership skills and providing mastery of training
receives detailed squad-level combat leader management and conceptual learning skills.
training. Evaluation is centered on their ability to Additionally, the CSM Course is a five-day, branch
demonstrate troop-leading procedures in current immaterial course taught in conjunction with the
threat-based scenarios. PCC at Fort Leavenworth that prepares newly
appointed CSMs for assignments as senior enlisted
Basic Noncommissioned Officer Course. At the advisors to the commander.
E-5/E-5 (Promotable) level, the Army continues

to develop leaders who are masters of their MOS, CIVILIAN EDUCATION SYSTEM (CES)

as well as expert trainers and training managers. CES provides professional Distributed Learning

At this level, we continue to focus on leading and and resident instruction to the ACC. The four new
training inside the platoon formation and providing progressive and sequential courses (Foundation,
initial exposure to core staff skills needed inside the Basic, Intermediate, and Advanced) were created
baalion formation. As part of Noncommissioned at the Army Management Staff College to
Officer Education System Transformation, BNCOC assure “Pentathlete focus” and unified Leader
and ANCOC training proponents have reduced Development.
their resident courses with the goal of no more than
eight weeks. Shorter courses will focus on critical Action Officer Development Course is required
branch warfighting tasks. for interns before completion of the intern
program. The Supervisory Development Course
ANCOC. Educating the platoon sergeant at the provides supervisors or managers with civilian
E-6/7 level, the focus expands from MOS-specific personnel administration skills in human
training to balefield operating system. The focus resources management and techniques. Manager
becomes leading and training inside the company Development Course assists supervisors with
formation and expanding staff skills to those basic management skills and is recommended for
needed inside the brigade formation. The officer- all civilians in supervisory or managerial positions
NCO relationship receives more aention at this before aending resident Civilian Education
level. System courses.

The Bale Staff Course curriculum ensures the The Foundation Course is designed for all
Bale Staff NCO is capable of baalion- and employees to gain an understanding and
brigade-level operational skills, combined with appreciation of Army values and customs; serve
performing in a Joint or Combined Force land professionally as a member of the Department of
command in multiple staff environments. the Army; and acquire foundation competencies
for LD. FC is available to all members of the ACC
First Sergeant Course curriculum provides the through distributed learning and required for all
Army a first sergeant capable of conducting interns, team leaders, supervisors, and managers.


understanding of complex policy and operational
challenges and increased knowledge of the
national security mission. Upon graduation from
SSC, civilians are assigned to positions of greater
responsibility in another organization, which
enhances their leader developmental experience.

Defense Leadership and Management Program

is the premier DoD executive development
program for senior Defense civilians and a key
component of the DoD succession planning
strategy. DLAMP provides the means to mature a
cadre of highly capable senior civilian leaders with
a Joint perspective on managing the department’s
workforce and programs.

Functional Training encompasses a wide range of

general and highly specialized courses and schools
that provide specific education and training

Figure C-3 Civilian Education System designed to prepare individuals to perform with
proficiency in selected bale staff and leadership
The Basic Course is designed to develop leaders
positions, including those oen associated with a
who understand and apply basic leadership
specific area of expertise.
skills to effectively lead and care for small teams.
Training focuses on basic education in leadership
The Army Learning Management System
and counseling fundamentals, interpersonal skills,
provides powerful technology that permits the
and self-awareness. BC consists of a dL phase and a
two-week resident phase in a university seing. BC Army to manage individual training in traditional
is required for all team leaders and supervisors. institutional seings as well as in distributed
forums. The system supports selection, scheduling,
The Intermediate Course is designed for civilians in delivery, execution, and results for Army individual
supervisory or managerial positions and program training. As of December 2006, there were over
managers. The training and developmental 160,000 registered ALMS users who can access
exercises focus on mission planning, team building, training anywhere they have access to the Internet.
establishing command climate, and resource ALMS allows Army leadership at senior and unit
stewardship. levels, training officers, and NCOs to manage their
Soldiers’ careers from one location, saving time and
The Advanced Course focuses on strategic thinking money, and providing them a powerful tool to beer
and assessment, change management, developing manage their Soldiers’ training. Soldiers also will
a cohesive organization, managing a diverse be able to track their own training history. ALMS
workplace, and resource management. is designed to touch every Soldier and civilian in
the Army, and will be the single source for Soldiers
Senior Service College is at the apex of a civilian’s and their leaders to see training deficiencies, and to
LD education, preparing them for positions of be able to collectively address and direct Soldiers
greatest responsibility. SSC aendance is available to take the exact training they need to correct those
by competitive process for civilians who require an deficiencies.

THE ARMY’S DISTRIBUTED and high-level interest of senior Army leaders.
LEARNING PROGRAMS Under the current plan, over 525 courses will be
redesigned for dL delivery by FY13. The Army’s
The Army’s Distributed Learning Program’s
Distributed Learning Program currently is moving
mission is to improve training, enhance force
to task-based dL products that will facilitate quicker
readiness, and support Army transformation.
production, higher relevance to Common Operating
This is accomplished by exploiting current and
Environment, and much broader reusability in the
emerging technologies, facilitating development of
Army and throughout DoD.
self-aware and adaptive leaders through lifelong
learning, and delivery of the right training and
Classroom XXI Program provides training
education to the right Soldier and leader at the
modernization that enhances TRADOC training
right time and place. As we move toward the facilities at Army resident schools. This program
ARFORGEN model, dL is a primary means of improves training provided through schools and
maintaining operational readiness. Distributed allows broadcast of training to remote The Army’s
Learning enables higher levels of unit readiness Distributed Learning Program DTFs. Classrom
and organizational performance, standardizes XXI Program also establishes Army standards
training across the Army, facilitates flow of Soldier for instructional technology capabilities that
competency data to leaders, and improves career are Soldier-centered and provides design and

planning capabilities. architectural standards for classrooms. Classroom


XXI Program is scheduled for completion by the

The Army’s Distributed Learning Program is an

end of FY14, with 270 classrooms to be fielded.

approved Army program that integrates Active
Component with Reserve Component. TADLP Self-Development. While Army leader education
infrastructure provides learners access to individual and training programs provide a foundation for
computers, video teletraining technology, and competence, all leaders are responsible to extend
other technologies needed for learning in a dL their capabilities by applying the fundamental
environment. TADLP digital training facilities knowledge and skills through practice and reflection
and Army National Guard Distributed Learning during exercises, operational experiences, and
classrooms have been fielded throughout the performance of routine duties. Learning activities
Army to provide Soldiers capability to access and self-awareness beyond the schoolhouse
dL instruction. The Deployed Digital Training and training site are instrumental to enhance
Campus, scheduled for full-rate production in knowledge and skill performance for current and
FY08 with one DDTC per deployed brigade, will future leadership responsibilities.
provide the Army a deployable digital training
platform. DDTC’s primary role will be to provide Through proper dynamic balance of unit
operationally deployed units access to dL and experiences, training, and education at all levels,
simulations-based training. In a secondary role, it we must produce leaders who are decisive,
will provide a flexible means to meet CONUS- and innovative, adaptive, culturally astute, strategic and
OCONUS-based redeployed unit surge training creative thinkers, and effective communicators—
requirements. character traits of the 21st Century leader known
as the Pentathlete. In addition to being experts in
Selected courses are redesigned to provide dL the art and science of the profession of arms and
training phases, modules, and lessons, allowing demonstrating character and integrity coupled
students to participate in synchronous and with an ethical ethos in everything they do,
asynchronous interactive multimedia training. Pentathlete leaders must be astute at building
Selection of courses for dL redesign is based on teams, boldly confronting uncertainty, and solving
Army readiness requirements, priorities of COE, complex problems while engendering loyalty and


trust. Above all, our future senior leaders must be • Embedding of training tools into operational
strategic and creative thinkers dedicated to lifelong and institutional system of systems to make
learning. Only through that commitment will we training/training support available on
develop leaders thoroughly competent in leading, demand
managing, and changing large organizations as
• Integration of Army Live-Virtual-
well as skilled in governance, statesmanship, and
Constructive training capabilities with links
to Joint training capabilities
FUTURE FORCE • Linking of training environments and
The rigor of the training environment will need domains through the infosphere and the
to equal or exceed the operational environment. Global Information Grid
Modernization efforts require transformation of • Transforming Accessions, IET, and
initial military training, civilian training, Leader Professional Military Education
Development for military and civilians, and
Professional Military Education. Additionally, Additional future force training requirements to
we need to embed training capabilities into our support the Army Campaign Plan, Army Modular
operational platforms and resource the institution Force, and Transformation are:
to meet requirements of the operational Army.

Live-Virtual-Constructive training capabilities • Establishment of “schoolhouses without

must be integrated and linked to Joint training walls” that contain Lifelong Learning

capabilities. At end state, the Army will employ Centers, integrating knowledge resource
training capabilities with seamless links between centers, data repositories, and 24/7 reach
training institutions, home station, Combat Training forward and back capabilities
Centers, and deployed locations.
• Linkage of institutional, operational, and
self-development training domains via
By achieving these capabilities, the Army will be
operational communications systems to
able to train, alert, deploy, employ, and execute
establish seamless interoperability between
to meet complex national security requirements.
and among Live-Virtual-Constructive
The difference between operations today and
training environments
Future Force operations is a requirement for
greatly enhanced doctrine, training, and leader • Development training products that can
development capabilities, enabled by improved be transported via tactical communication
processes and an Integrated Training Support systems
System that supports Soldiers and leaders whenever
and wherever required. • Development of technically standard
compliant training products that can be
FUTURE FORCE CONCEPTS AND developed, sustained, and delivered through
CAPABILITIES distributed media, fixed, and wireless
communication systems
Training and developing the Future Force Soldier
and leader is derived from an assessment of • Establishment of automated linkages with
Joint and Army concepts, required capabilities training developers and engines of change
and needs, and DOTMLPF solutions. From these such as the technical information community
concepts will follow: to reduce information decay and rapidly
speed relevant training updates to the Army
• Development of technologically enabled,
virtual knowledge repositories lessons • Integration of training into the Mission
learned, doctrine, Tactics, Techniques and Planning and Rehearsal System and
Procedures, training publications Operational Bale Command System

• Establishment of dL capabilities with development, implementation and evaluation will
standardized and sustainable on-board be achieved through use of a family of automated
training products for delivery to manned information systems managed by TRADOC
systems world-wide Program Integration Office for the Army
Training Information System. ATIS is a system of
Embedded Training is a functional capability built systems approach that provides service-oriented
into or added onto operational equipment and architecture for use by the entire Army training
systems. The goal is to provide a multi-echelon Live- community.
Virtual-Constructive training capability to support
individual, crew, leader, bale staff, and distributed TRAINING MODERNIZATION
collective training using designed-in operational Training must ensure Soldiers and leaders can
interfaces. Through ET and deployable training maintain the high level of readiness required.
infrastructure, forces will be able to train globally Training modernization provides commanders
and manage and assess readiness regardless of the “enablers” required by the Army’s Training
location or duration of deployed operations. It Strategy and ARFORGEN. Training modernization
will function through a Joint architecture using is synchronized with the Army Campaign Plan
common standards within integrated LVC training to ensure critical training enablers support
systems. Embedded Training supports training, transformation as the Army continues to fight.

assessment and control of exercises on the


operational equipment with auxiliary equipment TRAINING SUPPORT SYSTEM


and data sources as necessary. Training Support System describes how training
enabler resources support Army Training
Embedded Training in Army acquisition programs System, the Combined Arms Training Strategy,
must be designed and fielded to integrate and execution of training in both the Active and
immediately into the Global Joint Training Reserve Component. It also describes how enablers
Infrastructure, which includes architectural support Soldier training in TRADOC schools. More
standards, range instrumentation, simulators formally, TSS has been described as a System-of-
and simulations, and communications to support Systems that provides networked, integrated,
distributed live, virtual, and constructive interoperable training support capabilities required
connectivity. Deployed forces must be able to to enable operationally relevant JIIM training
sustain readiness through training and rehearsal, for Soldiers and units. TSS is linked to execution
regardless of location or length of deployment. of training by providing training products and
Embedded Training capabilities will be consistent training services to meet the challenges of training
with Joint operational and training architectures, an Army undergoing transformation.
and will be achieved using operational Command
and Control systems. Training Support System Products are those
tangible, enabling training capabilities that directly
The Army’s Distributed Learning Program is support Soldier, leader, and unit collective training
introducing a task-based product initiative at home station, Combat Trainging Centers, and
that will significantly impact Army training in while deployed; as well as the enablers that support
support of transformation and ARFORGEN. Soldier training in the institutions.
With task-based training, the program provides
Warfighters the critical individual combat tasks Training Support System Services support
that support the unit’s Mission Essential Task installation and unit training management and
List, new operational tasks, Professional Military support structure associated with delivery,
Education, and job qualification requirements. operations, and maintenance of TSS products
The entire process of training analysis, design, wherever training is conducted. It includes


manpower and training support operations to
conduct range operations and maintain training
areas; training managers, operators, and technicians
to support operations of simulation and simulator
facilities; TSCs and contract logistic support to
sustain fielded training products; and instructors/
operators for fielded TADSS.

Training Support System Programs. The Training

Support System is managed through four major
programs, each of which provides development leader-balestaff training on new digital systems
and delivery of training products and services to through the addition of full spectrum training
installations and units in the training domains of capabilities.
operational, institutional, and self developmental.
These programs are: Range and Training Land Program allows the
Army to plan, execute, and sustain the Army Master
1. Sustainable Range Program (SRP), Range Plan. The range modernization component
2. Bale Command Training Support Program of RTLP is based on AMRP-driven analysis of

(BCTSP), doctrine, force structure, force modernization,
and weapons gunnery requirements. Range

3. Combat Training Center Modernization modernization integrates mission support for

Program (CTCMP), and maintenance, construction, use, environmental
4. Soldier Training Support Program (STSP). stewardship, and economic feasibility. Range
modernization cross-walks these factors with land
1. SUSTAINABLE RANGE PROGRAM (SRP) availability and land acquisition through ITAM.
This is a complex effort involving Army G-3, Army
Live training is the cornerstone of operational success.
Commands, and installation staffs, several database
The Army’s Range and Training Land Strategy
tools, and systems that provide analytical support.
under Sustainable Range Program establishes
priorities for investing in the transformation of
The Range Facility Management Support
ranges and training land to support the COE and
System provides an inventory of range assets
Future Force. Key range transformation initiatives
and information to determine range use. The
are based on doctrine, force modernization, force
Army Range Requirements Model provides
structure, and weapons gunnery strategy. To
an automated capability to calculate doctrinal
maintain the capability to execute weapons gunnery,
requirements and determine approximate live
individual and crew qualification, and live-fire
training throughput capacities and requirements
collective training, the Army must evolve range
for Army installations.
standards to reflect weapons platform capabilities.
Range modernization integrates mission support
for these factors, together with environmental Installation Status Report. Part I allows
stewardship and economic feasibility to determine installations to report on range and training land
priorities. Range modernization also cross-walks conditions. To develop the Range Complex Master
these factors with land availability and land Plan, installation staff use ISR, together with
acquisition through the Integrated Training Area doctrinal analysis based on Training Circular (TC)
Management Program. The Army is modernizing 25-1, Integrated Training Area Management; TC 25-8,
ranges to provide capacity for increased training Training Ranges; and TC 25-8-1, Army SOF Training
requirements supporting Army Modular Force and Ranges. RCMP allows installations to plan for all
ARFORGEN, enabling more operator, unit, and aspects of ranges and training lands. Both RTLP

and ITAM requirements are collated by the RTLP/ crew weapon system qualification and training
ITAM program managers at Army Command events. The materiel provider for ADA Targets is
level and presented for validation during the SRP Program Manager for Instrumentation Targets and
Program Management Review. Once incorporated Threat Simulators at Redstone Arsenal, Ala. ADA
into the Army Master Range Program, range restructure has created modular ADA units for
projects are planned through HQDA Range which units/crews must be trained, qualified, and
Modernization Technical Team, which validates certified on their weapon systems and available
doctrinal requirements, costs, and mitigation to support BCTs requiring ADA augmentation.
planning factors presented by installation staffs. The ADA Target Program funds aerial targetry/
The Range Modernization Configuration Control scoring hardware and support services to train
Board provides the HQDA Tech Team and RTLP more than 372 Avenger and MANPAD Stinger
community with engineering and technical design crews for qualification and live-fire training prior
standards for implementation based on doctrinal to deployment, upon entering reset, and to support
requirements outlined in TC 25-8. homeland defense in the Nation Capital Region.

Another component of RTLP, range operations

consist of range officer professional development,
range control and safety, standard operating

procedures at the installation level, scheduling


and allocation, training budget calculations, range


security, and munitions management. Systems

in place or under development to support range
operations are the Range Managers’ Tool Kit,
Range Facility Management Support System, and
systems/tools available from ITAM.

The following are the major SRP modernization

programs currently programmed, planned and/or
being developed. These programs (with exception
of ADA Targets) are funded through Other Digital Range Training System includes the Digital
Procurement Army under the category of Research, Multi-purpose Training Range, Digital Multi-
Development, and Acquisition. purpose Range Complex, Bale Area Complex,
and Digital Air Ground Integration Range. The
Army Targetry Systems provide non-instrumented Instrumented Ranges Program provide new and
live-fire ranges incorporating stationary and modern ranges capable of training, evaluating and
moving infantry/armor targets to meet both stressing Soldiers and equipment with a realistic,
individual and crew qualification and collective train-as-you-fight environment. These training
training for weapons gunnery incorporating systems will replace obsolete training methods
realistic threat target scenarios under simulated and equipment to stimulate new weapon systems,
balefield conditions. Army Tank and Automotive and provide enhanced training data collection and
Command, headquartered at Rock Island, Ill., is Aer Action Review capabilities. DRTS ranges are
the materiel provider for the ATS Program. part of the Live Training Transformation-Family
of Training Systems and have been programmed
The Air Defense Artillery Target Program ensure for those major installations with Heavy Brigade
unit and crew readiness by providing targets Combat Teams. Fielding strategy is six DMPRCs,
and ancillary devices for mandatory live-fire four DMTRs, three BAXs, and five DAGIRS.


Integrated Military Operations on Urban 2. BATTLE COMMAND TRAINING SUPPORT
Terrain Training System provides training range PROGRAM
instrumentation in support of the Urban Operations Bale Command Training Support Program
suite of ranges as established by TC 90-1, Training provides virtual and constructive training support
for Urban Operations. Instrumentation of the Urban systems required by Army Training System. Virtual
Assault Course, “Shoothouse,” and Combined simulators support graduated training strategies by
Arms Collective Training Facility leverages existing providing commanders tools to practice collective
technologies to comply with Common Training tasks prior to conducting live training. Constructive
Instrumentation Architecture. IMOUTTS provides simulations give commanders the capability to
technology integration for home station, deployed, train their leaders and bale staffs on Mission
and Combat Training Centers into a single effort, Essential Taks List through simulation. Virtual
ensuring the capability to train units in a complex simulators and constructive simulations have been
terrain environment. The program will leverage used extensively by leaders to conduct mission
existing Military Operations on Urban Terrain rehearsal exercises to prepare for deployment aer
Training System instrumentation systems and unit operational equipment has been shipped.
technologies to ensure follow on systems are in
The Army is expanding BCTSP to meet training
accordance with the CTIA. The basis of issue and
needs from brigade to corps, including multi-

fielding strategy envisions 33 CACTFs, 40 Urban
functional support brigades and select functional

Assault Courses, and 37 Live-fire Shoothouses.
support brigades (FSB). The Army’s gateway to Joint,

BRAC projects to be executed in FY07 will be at
Service, and combatant commander Live-Virtual-
Fort Bliss, Texas (two Live-fire Shoothouses and Constructive training, LVS-Integrated Architecture
the Urban Assault Course). is the Army’s integrating modeling and simulation
architecture for creating its integrated training
Aerial Weapons Scoring System is an integrated environment, and is required for LVC training
group of computer-controlled sensors used to score systems to interoperate within an integrated LVC
live-fire helicopter gunnery. It provides near real- training environment. By enabling distributed LVC
time objective scoring results for aack helicopters interoperability and simulating and stimulating
firing .50-caliber, 7.62-, 20- and 30-mm projectiles, Command, Control, Communications, Computer,
and 2.75-inch training rockets. AWSS can objectively Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance
score simulated Hellfire missile engagements. systems, commanders, Soldiers, and units can
Block II improvements will enable AWSS to provide train as they fight using operational equipment
scoring for Digital Air Ground Integration Range. and systems. This environment provides common
Six new systems have now been fielded, four of protocols and interfaces to link disparate Army
which are in CONUS, one in Germany, and one
in Korea. AWSS currently is undergoing a Block II
program upgrade scheduled for FY08 delivery, and
will include a data link upgrade and integration of
the Smart Onboard Data Interface Module with the
AWSS Control Station.

Deployable Range Packages provide deploying

units the capability to conduct live-fire training in
theater, and can be used as Training Augmentation
Range Packages for Army Commands, the
Installation Management Command and Theaters.

Live instrumentation systems and simulators, requirements across the range of military operations.
enabling a Bale Command Training Capability at JLCCTC is a federation of simulations/models and
home station. associated soware required to compose, operate,
and maintain a synthetic operational environment
Fixed Tactical Internet is a permanently installed to support collective command and staff training.
network of Enhanced Position Location Reporting
System radio sets with an Network Manager Constructive models in the JLCCTC include:
enabling digital communications across the Army’s Tactical Simulation, Combat Service Support
Tactical Internet. FTI provides the primary means Training Simulation System, Joint Conflict and
for on-demand digital communications for modular Tactical Simulation, Digital Bale Staff Sustainment
units in support of testing, training, maintenance Trainer, Warfighter’s Simulation, Joint Nonkinetic
and experimentation at brigade and below. Effects Model, the Joint Deployment Logistics
Model, and One Semi-Automated Forces.
Fixed Tactical Internet reduces significantly
deployment of signal company assets when units Joint Land Component Constructive Training
go out to train—especially important as OPTEMPO Capability provides critical support/enablers
remains high. FTI has been fielded to installations for collective digital Bale Command training
equipped with Stryker, M1A2, and M2A3 vehicles, and Mission Rehearsal, providing only viable

as well as to support Army Evaluation Task Common Operating Environment (short of actual

Force test and evaluation. FTI does not provide a insertion into theater) for training. JLCCTC also

capability to train with a Blue Force Tracking or supports modular force conversion and training
other non-EPLRS-based communications systems. transformation by providing realistic modeling
FTI will be completed in FY07 with the installation of new brigade structures and Tactics, Techniques
of the system at Fort Bliss, Texas. and Procedures to properly stimulate training,
and by providing composable training simulation
Constructive Simulation uses computer models architectures to maximize efficiency and cost
and simulations to exercise command and staff effectiveness. FY07 major improvements will focus
functions from platoon through Joint Task Force. on Improvised Explosive Devices—offensive and
CS permits multiple echelons of command and defensive operations; non-kinetic effects (behaviors
staff to execute their normal warfighting tasks in an of ethnic groups, government and Non-Government
extensive exercise without the resource constraints Organizations, sides and factions); and expanded
of large bodies of troops, and is used extensively interoperability with the Joint Deployment and
by deploying units in conduct of Mission Rehearsal Logistics Model. In addition, MRF will incorporate
Exercise to provide versatile, cost-effective training expanded interoperability with the Warfighter’s
environment that trains leaders to visualize Simulation.
bale space and make tactical decisions in a
time-constrained, digitized environment. It also Intelligence Electronic Warfare Tactical Proficiency
provides the “wraparound” for LVC-integrated Trainer is a constructive training simulation
events, extending bale space to provide more capability being fielded to the Army to support
realistic scenarios. Military Intelligence units at corps and below,
thereby enabling realistic bale command training
Joint Land Component Constructive Training through simulation of Joint and Army intelligence
Capability, formerly Army Constructive Training capabilities and stimulating the MI collection
Federation, consists of current and projected system with scenarios that replicate balefield
simulations and supporting applications and situations. This puts MI Soldiers in the training
HW to address training needs of the Joint Force loop using operational equipment and providing
Land Component Commander and Army Title X required reports and data to combat commanders


and their staffs. Of eight systems, three have been in the BCTC that supports stimulation of Army
fielded and, in FY07, two additional sites are Bale Command System through JLCCTC, and
scheduled for fielding. consists of network gear, BaleSight, radio-to-wire
communications interfaces, virtual Unmanned
Common Bale Command Simulation Equipment Aerial Systems data and video feeds and Sim-to-
is commercial-off-the-shelf Hardware, operating Command, Control, Communications, Computer,
system and data base soware, workstations and Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnaissance
servers, networks, and other peripherals used to run systems integration. Currently only the five SBCT
JLCCTC Soware. The program provides fielding sites are fielded the full complement of BCTC-ES
of technical control suites and network to host the enhancing capabilities. In FY07, BCTC-ES can only
JLCCTC ERF and MRF soware, and includes deliver BaleSight to three to four select sites due
computers that provide user interface within Bale to limited funding. However, enhanced network
Command Training Center workstations. The and Sim-to-C4ISR integration will be delivered by
Common Bale Command Simulation Equipment the CBCSE program to 14 sites as a part of their
technical control suite requires server and COTS JLCCTC update.
soware upgrades and additions to support each
new version of JLCCTC. CBCSE workstations In FY08-13 ten new MCA BCTC sites are in the
require replacement every three to five years to Program Objective Memorandum to receive the

maintain relevancy. Currently four sites have less full complement of BCTC-ES capabilities, while

than 90 percent of authorizations, with two of those three others will receive a lesser required slice.

sites are projected to be filled in FY07. All sites will
be at 90 percent or beer by FY12. Work station Bale Command Training Center - Facilities
refresh is anticipated to commence in FY08. provide the capability to conduct digital bale
staff training for both Active and Reserve
One Semi-Automated Forces is a tailorable and Component. BCTCs directly support execution of
composable next generation Computer Generated day-to-day operations and exercise support for all
Force, representing a full range of operations, leader and bale staff training required by Army
systems and control processes up to brigade level, Training System, ARFORGEN, HQDA, and Army
having variable levels of fidelity; and supporting Command training directives. BCTC-F modernizes
all model and simulation domain applications in current bale simulations centers to increase
both man-in-the-loop and closed-loop modes. It training capabilities on C4ISR BCSs, maintain
will represent the physical environment, including digital balestaff proficiency, and provide Live-
urban operations, and its effect on simulated Virtual-Constructive—Integrated Architecture
activities and behaviors. OneSAF will be the connectivity. There are three MILCON facilities
future entity-level brigade and below constructive that will begin construction in FY07.
simulation, will be a component of the JLCCTC, and
be used in bale labs and research, development BCTCs directly support day-to-day operations
and engineering centers. and exercise support for all ATS-required training
directives, to include ARFORGEN, HQDA, and
Bale Command Training Center - Equipment ACOM. Most Army BCTCs are assigned training
Support provides the network and equipment roles as “Hub” or “Spoke” within ATS. These
that supports integration of C4ISR system roles are defined by each BCTC’s training support
simulations, expands communications from the relationships and responsibilities for Joint Land
BCTC to units not hard-wired to training facilities, Component Constructive Training Capability
and significantly improves command and staff and other LVC training and are described in the
ability to build and maintain a digital Common JLCCTC Distribution Plan. No AC site is unable to
Operational Picture. BCTC-ES is the enabling link train due to facility shortfalls, but several sites are

at the limits of their capabilities. There will be three Synthetic Environment Core is the Army’s virtual
new MCA facilities that will began construction in component of LVC-IA, integrating common
FY07, and ten additional facilities are funded in the components of virtual simulations and linking
FY08-13 POM. the virtual environment to the LVC TE. Key to
the Army’s training transformation plan and a
The Army National Guard site at Fort Indiantown complementary training system for the FCS, SE
Gap, Pennsylvania has been migrated to a Bale Core will develop new soware and integrate
Command Training Center and currently is existing hardware and soware products to create
expanding its facilities. It is capable of training but the Army’s common virtual environment. This will
there is some training degradation in the existing be done by linking system and non-system virtual
facility. Assessments are ongoing for Army National simulations into a fully integrated training virtual
Guard, Army Reserve, TRADOC Schools/Common capability. SE Core requirements include virtual
Operating Environment, as well as a number of simulation architecture, Objective One Semi-
ACOMS to determine training requirements for Automated Forces integration as the common SAF,
submission in the FY10-15 POM. master terrain database production facilities; and
common virtual environment, which allows the to
Army execute combined arms and Joint training
and mission planning and rehearsals at home

station and at deployed locations.


The SE Core program is divided into two major

efforts: Architecture and Integration development
and the Database Virtual Environment Development.
Currently, both efforts are in system demonstration
of the acquisition life-cycle framework and do not
require a Milestone C decision. The A&I effort
has completed two major milestones: integrated
baseline and Preliminary Design Reviews, and
will have completed its critical design review in
Virtual Simulation Training is a part of Bale
February 2007, which will culminate at the user
Command Training Support Program that ensures a
acceptance test in September.
realistic, immersive training environment involving
real people operating simulated systems using Man
in the Loop simulations or Embedded Training The Database Virtual Environment Development
capabilities. In the virtual environment, simulators effort has completed three major milestones:
and simulations operating on virtual geospecific or Preliminary Design Review, Critical Design
non-geospecific terrain replace real systems and can Review, and an integrated baseline reviews. This
be linked with components of LVC-IA to provide a effort entered limited rate initial production and
training environment that replicates the real thing. delivered an initial Fort Bliss, Texas terrain database
Virtual Simulation Training provides commanders in January 2007. Full-rate production of runtime
with “walk” level training, sustainment training, terrain databases will be achieved upon completion
gated training events, Leader Development, and of the government acceptance test in October.
mission-rehearsal capabilities. Virtual training also
allows Soldiers to perform tasks too dangerous for Close Combat Tactical Trainer is the ground
live environments, such as calling for artillery fires maneuver component of the Combined Arms
on or near an occupied friendly position. It also Tactical Trainer family of simulators, and is a system
facilitates retraining specific tasks until training of computer-driven combat simulators that provide
objectives are met. a realistic virtual environment in which units train


on and successfully accomplish their collective of six modules housed in three trailers. The total
missions. Units maneuver in high-fidelity manned trailer requirement is 27 – and seven will began
modules replicating actual combat vehicles. These fielding in FY07.
simulators are connected by a local area network.
Manned modules in CCTT replicate the vehicles Reconfigurable Vehicle Tactical Trailer fielding is
and weapon systems of combined arms baalions, scheduled to begin in FY09, based on the FY08-13
armored reconnaissance baalions, and armored POM. Fixed sites will be fielded with RVS, while
cavalry squadrons. RVTT will be fielded to locations without a CCTT
fixed site. There are 21 RVTT suites required to
Since its fielding, requirements for training and CCTT support the Active Component operational and
have grown. New requirements include training Information Technology requirements and an
in mounted maneuver tasks in wheeled vehicles, additional six RVTTs are needed to support Reserve
dismounted Soldier tasks, and collective gunnery Component training requirements. When funded,
training. The CCTT program’s Reconfigurable CCTT dismounted Soldier capability will be fielded
Vehicle Simulator (RVS), Reconfigurable Vehicle at CCTT fixed sites and RVTT sites.
Tactical Trainer (RVTT), and Dismounted Soldier
manned module replicate activities for combat, Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer is a
Combat Support, and Combat Service Support mobile, transportable, multi-station simulation

elements at squad- and platoon-level. They also device that supports unit collective, combined

provide the ability to train Brigade Combat arms training. AVCATT provides six cockpits

Team reconnaissance, engineer, and dismounted configurable to any combination of AH-64A or D,
elements. OH-58D, UH-60A/L, and CH-47D. Exercise record/
playback and simultaneous AAR capability ensures
Close Combat Tactical Trainer components provide the capture of training lessons learned. AVCATT is
commanders a highly tailorable, deployable, full- Distributive Interactive Simulation compliant and
dimensional, collective combined arms virtual compatible with other SE Core-enabled systems.
training and mission rehearsal system with a Interactive exercises help commanders hone unit
robust exercise development subsystem with collective operations skills and rehearse wartime
AAR capability. CCTT is designed primarily missions.
for installation training facilities and supports
virtual training requirements. It also meets the Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer is
requirement for a home-station trainer as reflected amplified in CATS, supporting institutional and
in CATS and supports the Reset/Train-Ready- organizational training for both Active and Reserve
Available ARFORGEN process enabling BCT aviators and commanders. Combat Aviation
training readiness. Brigades preparing for deployments to Iraq and
Afghanistan have networked geographically
The Close Combat Tactical Trainer TRD is separated AVCATT suites, allowing mission
being rewrien as a Capabilities Production rehearsals with actual task organizations for
Document that will include reconfigurable deployment.
wheeled vehicle simulators and dismounted
Soldier trainer requirements in a single document. Recent fielding changes by the Aviation
There are currently eight CCTT fixed sites at Implementation Task Force ensure AVCATT is
Active Component locations, one fielded RVS aligned with CAB location and task organization.
developmental unit, 12 Modular-CCTT (M-CCTT) AVCATT meets requirements for a home-station
platoon sets in six states for Reserve Component trainer and, when provided with a compatible
use, and four M-CCTT platoon sets in Germany. local area terrain data base, has the potential to
An Reconfigurable Vehicle Simulator is composed provide virtual capabilities for home station live-

fire gunnery training during advanced tables and the Army’s dismounted immersive virtual Soldier
combined arms live-fire exercises. training capability. TRADOC Program Integration
Office Virtual, U.S. Army Infantry School, and
Of 23 suites, ten have been fielded to their Program Executive Office for Simulation, Training,
planned locations, and five have been contracted and Instrumentation are now incorporating
for production and began fielding this FY. The Soldier CATT’s dismounted Soldier requirements
remaining eight will be contracted and fielded into the Close Combat Tactical Trainer Capabilities
prior to the end of FY09. Production Document as an Additional Performance
Aribute, in preparation for the next POM.
Non-rated Crewmember Trainer is a virtual
training system that is reconfigurable (UH-60 Virtual Combat Convoy Trainer provides critical
and CH-47), self-contained, transportable, and training capability for unit collective training in
interoperable with AVCATT. It will provide convoy defense and mounted maneuver operations.
training for helicopter door gunners and other VCCT enables training in complex terrain, as well
non-rated crew members of cargo and utility as more conventional environments geo-typical
helicopters in door gunnery, sling-load operations, and geo-specific terrain database. VCCT is a
crew coordination, and actions on contact in a mobile, self-contained, immersive virtual simulator
virtual environment. The prototype, scheduled for that allows Soldiers to participate as part of vehicle

30 April 2007, delivery to Fort Rucker, Ala., will be crews. They come under aack in a virtual training

tested in the U.S. Army Aviation Warfighting Center environment and engage adversaries, honing

NCRM Course to determine if full rate production combat skills using realistic weapons and correct
is warranted. Funding for the NCMT prototype weapons engagement techniques.
was received through a congressional add. If
USAAWC provides a positive training assessment There are seven VCCTs funded thru May 2007,
for NCMT, the AVCATT Operational Requirements with remaining funding requirements identified
Document under revision will include NCMT as a to the Army Requirements and Resourcing
requirement. Board. Funding support begins FY08, and
efforts are underway now with the Joint IED
Soldier Combined Arms Tactical Trainer will be Defeat Organization training IPT to integrate
designed to support small-unit leader training on Counter Radio Controlled IED Electronic Warfare
critical combat skills, and will be an immersive capabilities and functions into the VCCT and
individual and collective VTS supporting light reinforce CREW training. Based on current POM
infantry, Ranger, SOF, and BCT equipped units. 08-13 funding for Reconfigurable Vehicle Simulator
S-CATT combines immersive Soldier and leader and Reconfigurable Vehicle Tactical Trailer, VCCT
simulators called “Virtual Warrior” with PC-based will remain in use until 2011.
reconfigurable vehicle simulators and dismounted
Soldier workstations to support dismount training Common Driver Trainer is a virtual reality and
from squad through company, with extensions to motion-based simulator easily reconfigured for
baalion-level. S-CATT will replicate the COE and multiple vehicle cabs. It uses a collection of terrain,
enable training in the full spectrum of operations weather, and hostile force models, and will serve
on complex terrain, as well as more conventional as a training gate in driver or equipment operator’s
environments. initial and sustainment training.

Soldier CATT is an Army-approved requirement; The CDT provides business economies when
as of the FY08-13 Bale Effects Simulator POM compared to developing and fielding separate
lock. Lack of support to fund S-CATT over the last simulators by vehicle type or model. The first
2 POM cycles necessitated a new strategy to fund version of CDT is the Stryker family of vehicles


variant, scheduled for initial operating capability demand for CTC training with more modular units
production in two lots. Lot I comprises nine and a more frequent CTC training strategy. The
simulators to be fielded in FY07; lot II follows with development of an Exportable Training Capability
five simulators planned for delivery in the last two is required to meet the increased throughput
quarters of FY07. requirements driven by the ARFORGEN process
and takes the CTC experience to other venues.
MODERNIZATION PROGRAM The Combat Training Centers Modernization
Combat Training Centers Modernization Program remains a cornerstone of Army training
Program consists of Opposing Forces vehicle and readiness. The CTCMP describes how it will
fleets; Instrumentation, Training Aids, Devices, transition to meet the requirements of the Modular
Simulators, and Simulations; and training Force and ARFORGEN. The CTC Way Ahead
sustains and improves the CTC capability to replicate
facilities supporting the three maneuver CTCs
the ever-changing Contemporary Operating
and the Exportable Training Capability. The
Environment while simultaneously integrating
CTC Modernization Program provides needed
more joint, inter-agency, intergovernmental, and
capabilities to meet evolving ARFORGEN training
multinational (JIIM) training tasks. However,
requirements, replaces obsolete systems, and
current funding in CTC modernization prevents
standardizes CTC training support capabilities to

the execution of the CTC Modernization Program
provide full spectrum training. The CTC Program
with many programs recently determined to be

continues to transform to meet the Modular Force

training and Army Force Generation readiness
Funding reductions in previous POM cycles have
undermined acquisition strategies and delayed
The Army’s transformation to modular units and fielding of new capabilities to support the current
application of the ARFORGEN force management and Future Force requirements. Some of the
process has affected the Combat Training Centers funding restored in FY12-13 in the FY08-13 POM
by changing the training audience’s structure is not sufficient, by itself, to address the near
and organic capabilities, as well as increasing the term modernization, unless additional funding is
provided in FY09-11. Funding must be provided in
the near term to bridge the gap to the FY12-13 and
provide the Maneuver CTC the training enablers
required to support Army Transformation.

Common Training Instrumentation Architecture

is a component-based architecture that sets common
standards, interfaces and protocols within the
family of Army Live training systems and with other
Live, Virtual and Constructive training systems.
CTIA is the foundation architecture for the Army’s
Live Training Transformation family of training
systems product line for training instrumentation
and tactical engagement simulation systems that
support home station training, deployed and
maneuver CTC live-training requirements, and
interoperability with other Joint training systems.
CTIA’s component-based, product-line architecture
supports a high-level of component reuse among

live training systems, promotes cost-effective and Evaluation program at a minimum level of
modernization, stove-pipe systems, and supports funding and refine requirements until the CTC
future force training requirements. OIS program can be resubmied for funding in the
FY10-15 POM.
Common Training Instrumentation Architecture
is a FCS complimentary system and supports Combat Training Center Objective
the Army’s Campaign Plan and DoD Training Instrumentation System Life Cycle Management
Transformation. It has completed the fih year of provides RDTE for Life Cycle Management of
development. Several Army live training systems current instrumentation systems at NTC, JRTC
(Digital Ranges, CTC OIS, and Home station and JMRC until OIS is fielded. The program
Instrumented Training System) are being developed ensures optimal performance and integrity of the
using CTIA. Version 1.5 of the architecture has CTC Instrumentation System through a planned
embedded DoD’s Test and Training Enabling Obsolescence Elimination and Technology Refresh
Architecture soware, allowing CTIA-based live Program. Failure to fund jeopardizes operation of
training systems to be interoperable with other CTC Instrumentation Systems until CTC OIS can
TENA-based joint test and training systems. be fielded. Requirement will be resubmied for
the FY10-15 POM.
Combat Training Center Objective

Instrumentation System is a major component of CTC Modernization OMA provides funding to


the Live Training Transformation and is compliant support life cycle management of existing program,

with CTIA. The CTC OIS replaces the current not covered under the RDA funding. It also
instrumentation systems at NTC, JRTC and JMRC. provides OMA funding for CTC Modernization
It is an integrated system of computer soware, Program MCA Projects and Army Bale Command
hardware, workstations, databases, voice and video System Soware Licensing. Lack of funding
recording, production and presentation equipment, impacts the program’s ability to provide flexibility
interface devices and communication systems. in funding non-World-wide Contractor Logistics
The system is configured to collect, report, store, Support, non-OPTEMPO OMA requirements
manage, process and display event data for 2,000 plus flexibility to provide funding required for
instrumented players with capability to expand to MCA projects at MCTCs. Requirement will be
10,000 instrumented players. resubmied for the FY10-15 POM.

Combat Training Center Objective Instrumentation CTC Live Fire Modernization Program provides
System will accomplish the following functions: for development and acquisition of replacement
exercise planning; system preparation; exercise targets, liers, and audio-visual-cueing devices
management; training performance feedback; and on MCTC live fire ranges. It transforms CTC Live
system support. Without CTC OIS, Soldiers and
units will not receive high-fidelity cause and effect
analysis/Aer Action Reviews of training at the
Maneuver Combat Training Centers.

Current stovepipe instrumentation systems at

the MCTCs are obsolete with numerous single
points of failures. Moreover, they are not fully
and seamlessly interoperable with Joint and Live-
Virtual-Constructive training systems. The current
strategy is to sustain the current system while
continuing a Research, Development, Testing


Fire capability from traditional linear maneuver
operations to doctrinally correct non-linear and
non-contiguous operations. Without this program,
units will not be able to perform live fire operations
at MCTCs that replicate the current operational
environment. Requirement will be resubmied for
the FY10-15 POM.

NTC Military Operations in Urban Terrain MCA

and Instrumentation System provides increased
capability to conduct full-spectrum operations/
training at the National Training Center. It allows
force-on-force urban operations training. It provides securing the CTC HICON and instrumentation
facilities and instrumentation that provides systems. Includes acquisition and upgrades for
automated data collection and feedback for AAR; filters, firewalls, soware patches, and physical
C2 of the MOUT exercise; and gives Observer security measures to meet DoD and Army security
Controller/Trainers the ability to monitor the requirements. It will assist in migration to the CTC
unit’s approach and actions. Additional funding is OIS by mitigating legacy security vulnerabilities of

required in FY12-13 to complete the instrumentation current instrumentation systems at the maneuver
CTCs. If not funded, the program will not be able

effort. Instrumentation requirements will be

resubmied in FY10-15 POM. to provide hardware and soware systems needed
to comply with mandatory regulatory information
Exportable Training Capability Instrumentation assurance requirements. Program Managers will
System provides a deployable instrumentation resubmit requirement for funding in FY10-15
package to support the Exportable Training POM.
Capability concept. Instrumentation is employed
by the ETC OPS GRP and can be used at a Power C4ISR Acquisition/Integration provides upgrades
Projection Platform, Power Generation Platform, and/or acquires C4ISR (bale command) systems
or other location as required. The system will and components as technology changes occur
support exercise control, data collection, analysis, within existing C4ISR HICON systems and as
and feedback in a LVC construct for up to a BCT. new systems are fielded to units rotating through
Without funding for this effort, the Army’s first the CTCs. This program supports acquisition and
CONUS based ETC scheduled in FY10 is in jeopardy. integration of new systems into the CTC HICON
This program provides the ITADSS pillar of the and OIS capabilities to enable the CTCs to interface
Exportable Training Capability. If this capability is with rotational unit C4ISR systems. Without
not available, units will not receive objective force funding, the program will not be able to ensure
on force training or feedback for AARs at an ETC CTC bale command capabilities are updated as
event. This has direct impact to the CTC Program Army and Joint bale command systems evolve.
being able to fully implement its requirements for PM will resubmit requirement for funding in FY10-
the ARFORGEN training and readiness model. 15 POM.
Requirement will be resubmied in FY10-15 POM
if funding is not provided before then. OPFOR/Contemporary Operational Environment
Combat Wheeled Vehicle Program provides
wheeled vehicles for Opposing Force and
CTC Information Assurance provides for upgrade,
Civilians on the Balefield at maneuver CTCs
replacement, or acquisition of necessary physical
to replicate Combat/CS/CSS and commercial
and information assurance security measures to
vehicles encountered on modern balefields.
meet ongoing and changing requirements for

It uses a common M1113 HMMWV chassis or NTC Land Expansion provides MCA for mitigation
other commercial vehicles. These systems reflect and land purchase to support modular BCTs which
changing real-world conditions and provide full- will require larger areas due to longer engagement
spectrum capability to MCTC Opposing Forces. The ranges, faster speed of maneuver units, coupled with
current fleet of OPFOR/COE vehicles at the MCTCs tactical/doctrine changes. The program expands the
is composed of Visually Modified HMMWVs and NTC maneuver area by approximately 300K acres,
civilian vehicles procured from DRMO and various resulting in more realistic and doctrinal distances
civilian sources that are not sustainable over the for operations in the COE. MCA requirements will
long term. An integrated program is required to be completed in FY08.
address procurement and sustainment of these
vehicles. The addition of these vehicles will beer OPFOR/COE Vehicle Systems Modernization
replicate current operational environments and provides RDTE to develop and test future OPFOR
give the MCTCs a representative OPFOR that can systems required at CTCs. It also upgrades
operate throughout the full spectrum of combat current OPFOR Surrogate Vehicles and other major
operations. PM will resubmit requirement for weapons systems and platforms. This maintains
funding in FY10-15 POM. currency and relevancy under the changing COE.
If this program is not funded, units participating
JRTC MOUT MCA and Instrumentaion Systems in MCTC rotations will not face a realistic OPFOR.

upgrades allow JRTC MOUT to meet future world PM will resubmit requirement for funding in FY10-

environment and instrumentation requirements. 15.


Improvements include instrumentation that

provides more discreet and accurate information CTC Tactical Engagement System Acquisition
necessary in a MOUT environment. The JRTC fields One Tactical Engagement System to the CTCs
MOUT site has been in place for 15+ years and replacing existing laser based Multiple Integrated
requires refresh of equipment and technology to Laser Engagement Systems. OneTESS provides
remain relevant in the changing COE. Without the OC/T situational awareness on player location
funding, units will not be able to train as they fight and engagement activity. This acquires the newest
and will not receive accurate training feedback available TESS for the CTCs. For Soldiers to train as
prior actual combat if not funded. PM will resubmit they fight at MCTCs, they must be equipped with
requirement for funding in FY10-15. engagement simulation equipment that mirrors
operational capabilities as closely as possible. PM
NTC Rail Spur will improve training of rotational will resubmit requirement for funding in FY10-15.
units (modular BCTs) by allowing the rail head
to be included “in the box”, thus eliminating the CTC Aviation provides RDTE to integrate specific
administrative move from the Marine Corps CTC aviation training requirements for the Light
Logistical Base at Yermo to Fort Irwin. Additionally, Utility Helicopter which will replace UH-1 and
the force structure of modular BCTs increases OH-58 at MCTCs. LUHs support both Observer
required railcars from 200 to 500 which Yermo Controller/Trainer and Opposing Force aviation
(USMC Logistics Base) is not capable of handing. missions. Items include tactical secure FM radios,
The rail spur will improve safety along Fort Irwin GPS, IR/IR search light, Night Vision Systems,
Road by reducing overweight commercial HET secure OCCS radios, 360 degree FLIR, BFT, VOX,
traffic which increases wear to the existing road OPFOR recognition both electronically and visually,
network. The rail spur will have lights for 24 etc. It also integrates TESS with OPFOR LUHs.
hour operations and will meet security standards/
measures. Phase I (design) funded in FY13. The OPFOR aviation provides OPFOR rotary-wing
remaining phases will be included in FY10-15 aviation that replicate emerging threats. OC/T
POM. aviation provides the OC/Ts with capability to


control the event/exercise and provides an AAR base operations, which reduces effective Command
for aviation assets at a maneuver CTC or Joint and Control, information flow, and support of a
Air-Ground Center of Excellence rotation. Both third maneuver task force. JRTC will continue to
OPFOR and OC/T aircra will be fielded as part of expend resources maintaining aging/inefficient
the LUH plan which is scheduled to begin in FY08 World War II buildings. PM will resubmit funding
time frame. Failure to fund this effort could delay requirement for FY10-15 POM.
replacement of UH-1H and OH-58C aircra at
CTCs. Program Managers will continue to pursue 4. SOLDIER TRAINING SUPPORT PROGRAMS
funding in FY08-09 to meet LUH fielding dates, Soldier Training Support Programs provide
and if unsuccessful, the requirement for funding enablers that facilitate CATS-prescribed execution
will be resubmied in FY10-15. of individual and collective training for units
and by Programs of Instruction at Army Schools.
JRTC Land Expansion provides MCA for It synchronizes requirements and resources
mitigation and land purchase to support modular necessary for combat and materiel development of
BCTs which require larger areas due to longer these training enablers. It also provides personnel,
engagement ranges, faster speed of the maneuver facilities, capabilities, and operational support
units, coupled with tactical/doctrine changes. for Soldier training, and identifies emerging
The program expands JRTC maneuver area by requirements associated with modularity,

approximately 186K acres, resulting in more transformation, and rebasing.

realistic and doctrinal distances for operations in

the COE. It provides a contiguous training area that Medical Simulation Training Centers enhances
connects Fullerton/JRTC and Peason training areas functional medical skills required to save lives
allowing for more realistic and doctrinal distances during combat operations. MSTC is a centralized
for operations in the COE. This program is funded medical training facility located at high-density
in the FY08-13 POM; however, additional funding population installations that provide state-of-the-art
will be requested in FY10-15 POM to complete the LVC training on Combat Medical Advanced Skills
project. Training for medical personnel and Combat Life

JRTC AAR Theater Complex provides four state-

of-the-art theaters where processed data coupled
with OC/Ts can present AARs to rotational units.
This facility is essential to the entire training process
as it allows rotational units to learn from events
and activities of their rotation. If not funded, JRTC
Operations Group cannot adequately coach, teach,
and mentor rotational training units. The current
facility is inadequate in space/capability to provide
quality AARs to the entire BCT. PM will resubmit
funding requirement for FY10-15 POM.

JRTC O/C Operations Facility provides JRTC

the capability to co-locate OC/T operations and
supports requirements for a third maneuver
baalion at JRTC. This project will provide efficient
and expedited command and control along with
enhanced communications capabilities. If not
funded, JRTC OPS GP cannot centrally locate its

Saver training for non-medical personnel. The Integration Testing scheduled for early 2007.
MSTC is where lessons learned in Operations Contract award anticipated 2QFY07.
Iraqi Freedom and Enduring Freedom are taught
through both didactic and hands-on tactical and Engagement Skills Trainer 2000 uses computer-
technical medical training. The remaining 12 sites, generated imagery to train and sustain individual
to include a deployable capability in Afghanistan, marksmanship, squad and team fire distribution
are to be fielded FY07, with technical refresh for and control, and judgmental use of force skills. EST
FY12. is used at force-generating installations, operational
unit home-stations, and at forward-deployed sites.
Basic Electronics Maintenance Trainer is a Deploying units also use it to sustain small-unit
stand-alone, non-system training device that critical collective skills proficiency when not able
supports critical electronics training for 45 to conduct live-fire training. The program will have
Military Occupational Specialities in all aspects of begun fielding new Escalation of Force scenarios in
basic electronics, including theory and hands-on January 2007.
application. BEMTS allows instructors to assign
lessons to either a class or individual students Laser Marksmanship Training System is an eye-
and track their progress. Program is fully funded safe, laser-based marksmanship skill proficiency
beginning FY08, with fielding beginning with trainer that supports direct-fire weapons from

Fort Gordon, Georgia; and Fort Leonard Wood, handguns through machine guns. Capabilities

Missouri., and finish with RC training sites. include training for basic rifle and pistol

Funding in the FY 10-15 POM will be required to marksmanship; and machine-gun, counter-sniper,
refresh the approximately procured 830 systems. and tactical training; as well as night-fighting using
NVS for all weapons, thermal sights and NBC
Instrumentable Multiple Integrated Laser operations.
Engagement Systems provides tactical engagement
simulation for direct-fire, force-on-force training The system is inexpensive, portable, and
using eye-safe laser “bullets.” I-MILES program is configurable to conform to a variety of training
a modernization that provides a more adaptable requirements and space limitations. It provides
and user-friendly capability. Enhancements include an easily deployable marksmanship trainer which
discrete player identification for all participants, mitigates live-fire limitations and supplements
enhanced audio-visual cueing effects, increased EST 2000 capabilities in support of ARFORGEN
boresight retention and accuracy, event recording and OIF/OEF training requirements. The program
and display, increased programmability of weapon
characteristics, and an external data port to make
it easier to connect and provide event data to live
integrated systems.

The I-MILES program consists of five component

systems: Individual Weapons Systems;
Independent Target System Wireless Independent
Target System; Combat Vehicle Systems, Shoulder
Launched Munitions; and Controller Devices. The
Army’s MILES Minimum Essential Requirement
is 329,442 devices. Total I-MILES requirement to
replace MILES is 217,087 devices. The program is
post-milestone C. FY08-13 funding levels require
39 years to complete MILES replacement. System


is fielded 30 percent (100 of 333 systems) for the systems accuracy and effects; and stimulating
Active Army, with 156 more being fielded in FY07. detectors, sensors, monitors and countermeasures.
A $7 million Congressional earmark will facilitate OneTESS will provide a common training and testing
purchase of the remaining 3,705 systems on the TES capability and will establish TES architecture
Reserve and Guard Distribution Plan in FY07. and standards for live tactical engagement systems.
It will be the tactical engagement component for
Call for Fire Trainer uses simulated military the Family of Live Training Systems, and Common
equipment to provide high-fidelity simulated Training Instrumentation Architecture.
balefield scenarios for training observed fire
tasks to Soldiers, regardless of MOS. CFFT trains FCS will incorporate the OneTESS capability.
Soldiers to call for and adjust indirect fire, and System demonstration and Limited User’s Test
trains forward observers (MOS 13F) on the 19 basic are scheduled for FY07 and FY08. Milestone C is
call-for-fire tasks. CFFT also supports Type 2 and 3 scheduled for FY09. The Program is not currently
Close Air Support training. In stand-alone mode, funded for production during FY08-13; production
CFFT is capable of training up to 30 students. funding must be readdressed during the FY10-15
CFFT will replace current GUARDFIST system. By POM process with priority to field to the CTCs.
FY07 end, a total of 97 systems will be available for

training. Home Station Instrumentation Training System is
a part of the LT2-FTS that will provide a deployable

Non-rated Crewmember Trainer is a virtual instrumented company-level training capability

training system that is self contained, reconfigurable at home station that can be expanded to support
(UH-60 and CH-47), and transportable, providing baalion training. It provides objective data
training for helicopter door gunners and NRCM collection of unit performance in force-on-force,
of cargo and utility helicopters. NMCT trains force-on-target, and live-fire training so units can
door gunnery skills, sling-load operations, crew beer support and assess brigade reset and ready
coordination, actions on contact, and sectoring, phase training as part of the ARFORGEN cycle.
and coordinating. Not presently a formal program, First fielding of Objective HITS is in FY10.
however DAMO-Aviation and U.S. Army Aviation
Warfighting Center are developing a strategy to Joint Fires and Effects Trainer System is an
produce a training device within the scope of immersive trainer which integrates CFFT to
the Aviation Combined Arms Tactical Trainer place Forward Observers in a virtual seing that
program. USAAWC DOS & DOTDS are conducting accurately replicates current balefield COE. JFETS
requisite fidelity analysis in support of critical task has evolved to a prototype trainer. More than 3,000
development. A congressional earmark provides officers, NCOs, and Soldiers from the Field Artillery
funding to buy two similar devices in FY07. The School, operational units, and coalition partners
initiative did not receive funding in the 08-13 POM, have employed JFETS. It emulates conditions not
however efforts to affect the 10-15 POM continue. achievable in the current generation of simulators.
The experience is active, as opposed to passive,
One Tactical Engagement Simulation System is a and is capable of training the Joint fires observer,
family of tactical engagement simulation systems regardless of Service.
that supports force-on-force and force-on-target
training and operational test exercises at brigade The system manipulates visual and physical
and below, in all BOSs, at home station, MCTC, space to give the observer the experience of being
and deployed sites. OneTESS overcomes MILES in and surrounded by a specific environment.
limitations by supporting training of proper JFETS is composed of: the Urban Terrain Module,
engagement procedures; simulating weapon configured to be a room overlooking a Middle

Eastern city; the Open Terrain Module, configured Army CTCs and JNTC. ET is being developed as
to represent open desert or other terrain as an integral part of the FCS manned platform and
required; the Fires and Effects Command Module; C4ISR architectures, not as a set of add-on boxes
Close Air Support Trainer consisting of a 300- and Soware applications. Embedded Live-Virtual-
degree visual perspective; and the AAR room. Constructive training is an increment 1 capability
As common gunnery architecture and OneSAF and a Key Performance Parameter. KPP #6 requires
capabilities spiral, JFETS will be able to connect “…FCS FoS must have embedded individual
to training systems across the Services and allow and collective training capability that supports
virtual training, both individual and collective. LVC training environments.” ET will be designed
in at program start to ensure it is developed in
JFETS is an institutional requirement from the conjunction with other FCS components.
Field Artillery School. It is part of the Call For Fire
Trainer CPD, which is awaiting final approval from
Army G-3. PEG accepted the requested funding
requirement for $14 million OPA, $3 million RDT&E,
and $27 million military construction-Army, but did
not validate the OPA or RDT&E requirement in the
FY 08-13 POM. The program is currently funded

through a $3.5 million congressional earmark


allocated against a $14 million OPA POM.



The FCS System-of-Systems must be capable of
simultaneously supporting operations, mission
rehearsals, and training of separate audiences.
FCS provides opportunities to fundamentally
change Army training. The Army’s goal—to train
anywhere, anytime—is best achieved by providing
Embedded Training capability in all FCS. To that
end, ET is the primary option for FCS-equipped
BCT training in all training domains—institutional,
operational, and self-development, including