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Set No. 1

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 FINITE ELEMENT AND MODELLING METHODS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain what are the developments and speciﬁcation of structural models. 2. Explain about (a) Frame of Reference (b) Non-Dimensional parameter (c) Nature of coordinates (d) Field speciﬁc systems. 3. (a) What are various concepts to specify a node at discontinuties? (b) What is the eﬀect of element aspect ratio in discontinuities? [12+4] [4+4+4+4] [16]

4. (a) What are the basic diﬀerence between lumped mass matrix and consistent matrix. (b) Give lumped mass matrices for a beam element in space and for a triangular plane stress element. [8+8] 5. (a) What is reﬁnement strategy of ﬁnite element analysis techniques? Explain them with the examples. (b) What is the better reﬁnement technique for solving the heat transfer problems? Explain. [8+8] 6. (a) Discuss the importance of ﬁnite element modeling in solving the ﬁeld problems. (b) How to store the large scale matrices? Explain diﬀerent methods. 7. (a) Derive the Jacobian matrix for 2-D axi symmetric problems. (b) Explain the method to simplify the given domain using symmetric boundary conditions with suitable examples. [8+8] 8. (a) What are diﬀerent uses and applications ANSYS package? Explain with the simple examples. (b) What is the better package to be used for solving nonlinear static analysis? Explain. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: R05322105

Set No. 2

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 FINITE ELEMENT AND MODELLING METHODS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain with examples. What is Macno and Micro mechanical models. 2. Explain about (a) Generalized displacement parameters (b) Generalized Geometrical parameters (c) Generalized Force and other parameters (d) Global coordinates. 3. (a) What are various concepts to specify a node at discontinuties? (b) What is the eﬀect of element aspect ratio in discontinuities? [12+4] [5+3+3+5] [8+8]

4. Using Rayleigh-Ritz method, determine the expressions for displacement and stresses in a ﬁxed bar sujected to an axial force ‘P’ as shown in ﬁgure 4. E=Young‘s Modulus A=Cross sectional area. [16]

Figure 4 5. Derive the strain displacement relation matrix for 4 noded quadrilateral element by treating it as iso parametric element. [16] 6. Diﬀerentiate between Gaussian quadrature one point formula and two point formula along with the errors involved in them. Give the examples. [16] 7. (a) Derive the Jacobian matrix for 2-D axi symmetric problems. (b) Explain the method to simplify the given domain using symmetric boundary conditions with suitable examples. [8+8] 1 of 2

Code No: R05322105

Set No. 2

8. (a) Why computational ﬂuid dynamics software is better suited for solving ﬂuid ﬂow problems than ﬁnite element software? Explain. (b) Describe the method of automatic mesh generation technique with a simple example. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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Code No: R05322105

Set No. 3

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 FINITE ELEMENT AND MODELLING METHODS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. (a) How is a structure discretized? What are the criteria to select large number of elements of smaller size and smaller number of elements of large sized elements? (b) Explain the approaches associated with the FEM in structural problems?[8+8] 2. (a) Derive the standard closed form integration for 1-D element in natural coordinate system. (b) Integrate the following over the entire length ‘L’ of an 1-D element. i. ∫ L2 dx 1 ii. ∫ L3 L2 dx 1 iii. ∫ L2 dx. 1

[8+8]

3. (a) A tapered bar of 100 mm diameter at the larger end and 50 mm at the smaller end is clamped at larger end and it is hanging. The bar is subjected to a pull of 100 KN at the free end. Length of the bar is 200 mm. Find the displacements in the bar for 3 elements using FEM technique? (b) What are the various forces that can be considered in FEM approach?[10+6] 4. Using Rayleigh-Ritz method, determine the expressions for displacement and stresses in a ﬁxed bar sujected to an axial force ‘P’ as shown in ﬁgure 4. E=Young‘s Modulus A=Cross sectional area. [16]

Figure 4 5. (a) Explain the phenomenon of iso-parametric representation and explain the advantages and limitations of this method. 1 of 2

Code No: R05322105

Set No. 3

(b) Diﬀerentiate among sub parametric and super parametric representation.[8+8] 6. Diﬀerentiate between Gaussian quadrature one point formula and two point formula along with the errors involved in them. Give the examples. [16] 7. (a) Explain the symmetric boundary condition and derive the strain displacement relations for symmetric problems. (b) Discuss the applications of axi-symmetric problems. [8+8]

8. (a) Explain diﬀerent methods of mesh generation techniques used in decartelization. (b) Describe the ANSYS package and its uses in ﬁnite element analysis. ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ [8+8]

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Code No: R05322105

Set No. 4

III B.Tech II Semester Supplimentary Examinations, Aug/Sep 2008 FINITE ELEMENT AND MODELLING METHODS (Aeronautical Engineering) Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80 Answer any FIVE Questions All Questions carry equal marks ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆ 1. Explain with examples. What is Macno and Micro mechanical models. 2. Illustrate the following systems with suitable examples. (a) Global Co-ordinate system (b) Local Co-ordinate system (c) Natural Co-ordinate system (d) Generalized Co-ordinate system. 3. (a) What are various concepts to specify a node at discontinuties? (b) What is the eﬀect of element aspect ratio in discontinuities? [12+4] [4+4+4+4] [8+8]

4. Using Rayleigh-Ritz method, determine the expressions for displacement and stresses in a ﬁxed bar sujected to an axial force ‘P’ as shown in ﬁgure 4. E=Young‘s Modulus A=Cross sectional area. [16]

Figure 4 5. (a) Explain the phenomenon of iso-parametric representation and explain the advantages and limitations of this method. (b) Diﬀerentiate among sub parametric and super parametric representation.[8+8] 6. (a) Explain the two-point Gaussian quadrature method for the numerical integration with suitable example. (b) What are the approximations and errors associated in two point Gaussian quadrature formula? Explain. [8+8] 1 of 2

Code No: R05322105

Set No. 4

7. (a) Explain the methodology to estimate the potential energy for axi-symmetric problems with suitable example. (b) Derive the strain displacement relation matrix for 2-D axi-symmetric conditions. [8+8] 8. (a) Discuss the importance of FLOTRAN module in ANSYS package used for solving the problems using ﬁnite element analysis. (b) How to estimate the errors in adaptive meshing technique? Explain them with suitable diagram. [8+8] ⋆⋆⋆⋆⋆

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