    ZAW MIN NAUNG KYAW ZAY YA MYO MIN OO AUNG BO BO Presented by U.Kyaw Zay Ya Staff Officer Ministry of Hotels and Tourism (11-10-2013)

Part-1(Myanmar Society)  Historical background  National Races  Religion  Arts & Culture  Festivals  Traditional foods Part-2(Political System)  Myanmar Dynasties  Colonial Period  Independent Myanmar  Socialism  Military Regime  Democracy Regime  Key events in recent Myanmar Politics

Part-1 Myanmar Society
Historical Background of Myanmar
Throughout the history, Myanmar (Burma) has experienced waves of immigration that have come southwards along the rivers Ayeyarwady (Irrawaddy), Chindwin, Salween (Thanlwin) and Mekong. These movements have brought in many different ethnic peoples, mainly from the Central Asian plateau (modern Tibet and China), and this is reflected in wide ethnic variety to be found in the country today. Pondaungia Recent excavations in Pondaung area suggests Myanmar history has evolved through stone age. Primate fossils found in Pondaung are the evidence of the existence of man-like creatures 40 million years ago, which has been approved by some internationally renowned archaeologists.

Legend has it that the mysterious land of Suvarnabhumi (or "Golden Land"), mentioned in numerous ancient sources and the subject of much debate, was in fact the homeland of the Mon, who established their first kingdom in Myanmar in 300 BC around the port of Thaton, which developed into an important trading center. Pyu From the 1st century AD, the Pyus settled in central Myanmar. They were also quick to espouse Buddhism, and they founded highly civilized city-kingdoms which, at their peak, during the 7th and 8th centuries, also became prosperous trading centers. The largest city was Sri Ksetra, close to present-day Pyay (Prome). Pyu had built towns in Sri Ksetra (Pyay) 4-8AD, Maingmaw, Beikthano. (Actually Vishnu from Hindu god), Taung Dwin Gyi 1-4 AD,, Hanlin (Wet Let) 2-9AD, Tagaung (Thabeikkyin), Waddi (Nga Htwoe Gyi), Maingmaw (Pinlay) (Myittha), Beinnaka (Pyaw Bwe), and Bilin (Mon state). It is believed the first Kayin (Karen) and Chin provided the next wave of immigrants to central Myanmar, before the Myanmar people migrated from Nanzhao during the 9th century.

Bawbawgyi Pyu Pagoda

National Races
The union of Myanmar is made up of 135 national races, of which the main national races are Kachin, Kayah, Kayin, Chin, Bamar, Mon, Rakhine, Shan. Population of the country is estimated at 60 million (2010). Naypyitaw is the capital city and Yangon is the commercial city. Kachin Kayah Kayin Chin





Buddhists Christians Muslims Hindus Animists 89 % 4% 4% 2% 1%

 Religion and faith are core aspects of daily life in Myanmar society. A large majority of people practices Buddhist traditions at home.  The Buddhist community’s emphasis Forgiveness and caring for each other in the family and community at large dominate Myanma’s society.  People live in a collective culture at home with parents who hold grate power in Family.  Myanmar woman usually maintain cultural practice as a social norm at home.

Traditional Ceremonies
Novitiation Ceremony
Novitiation ceremony is the unique characteristic in Myanmar. This ceremony usually celebrates during the school holidays, mostly in summer holidays at March & April before the water festival. In the Myanmar tradition the boys are compulsory to enter the Buddhist order for a week or more.In the Myanmar Buddhist tradition it is compulsory that every boys over eight years old to twenty have to enter the Buddhist Order for a week or more as a novice and over twenty they have to enter the Order again as Ordained Monk.

An ear-piercing ceremony at Mahamuni Buddha in Mandalay.

"Thanaka" which is the beauty secret of Myanmar women. In the bedroom of a Myanmar woman on the floor besides the dressing table there has an 8" long Thanaka wood cutting, a flat circular surfaced whetstone or grind stone and a small water bottle with a pore on the lid. After a bath she sits at the whetstone put several drops of water on it and rub the Thanaka cutting on the whetstone continuously at a circular motion with body pressure.

 Individuals usually find their own marriage partners. Arrangements for the Marriage may be made by the parents of sometimes an intermediary is employed.  When a man asks a woman’s parents for their consent, it is common practice for him to bring a gift for the woman.  Wedding ceremonies are relatively simple expect among wealthy families.  After speeches by the parents , members of the families and guests share pickled Tea.  Myanmar women regard as marrying is once in a life time that they consider seriously to get married and also celebrate the wedding ceremony graciously at utmost effort.

Art and Cultures from Myanmar

Art and Cultures from Myanmar
 Panyun ( art and craft of the lacquer-ware maker )  Panchi ( art and craft of the drawing & painting )  Panpoot ( art and craft of turning designs on the lathe )  Panbu ( art and craft of sculpture )  Pantaut ( art and craft of making floral designs using masonry)  Pantain ( art and craft of gold and silver smith )  Panbe ( art and craft of blacksmith )  Pantamault ( art and craft of sculpting with stone)  Panyan ( art and craft of bricklaying and masonry )  Pantin ( art and craft of bronze casting )

Festivals in Myanmar
Kachin Manaw Festival (Kachin New Year Festival held in January) Manaw Dance is performed at Manaw Festival which originated as part of the Nat or Spirit worship of the past 2 days celebration fest plays very important role in Kachin people

Hta Manae Festival (February) A competition between teams of men for donation of Glutinous Rice to Lord Buddha People enjoy watching competition of cooking Glutinous Rice After cooking , Glutinous Rice is distributed as donation to people

Sand heap Pagoda Festival (March) Taung Pyone Spirit Festival

Thingyan (Water) Festival (April)

Date : 8th Waxing to Full Moon Day of Wagaung Location : Taung Pyone Village, near Mandalay Duration : 8 days Taung Pyone is the site where two brothers serving a king of Bagan in the 11th century were executed. They became powerful spirits or Nats.

Pouring water to the Boddhi Tree (Kasone Nyaung YayThoonstival) (May)

Thadingyut Festival of Lights (October)

Taunggyi Tazaungdaing, Hot-Air Balloon Festival (November)

 Myanmar people have along tradition of prepraring Food in their way. Myanmar is an agricultural country with rice as the principle crop. The itinerary of visiting Traveler to Myanmar will never be deemed complete if he or she has not tasted the Myanmar “Hta Min” (main rice) and “Hin” (curry) to satisfy the sweet tooth.  Other famous Myanmar traditional foods are Mouk-HinKha, Ohn-noh-Khauk-Swe and Myanmar tea.

Traditional foods

Part-2(Myanmar Political)
Pagan Empire (1044–1287)
Anawrahta founded the Pagan Empire, unifying for the first time the regions that would later constitute the modern-day Burma. Well into the mid-13th century, most of mainland Southeast Asia was under some degree of control of either the Pagan Empire or the Khmer Empire. Anawrahta also implemented a series of key social, religious and economic reforms that would have a lasting impact in Burmese history. His social and religious reforms later developed into the modern-day Burmese culture. The most important development was the introduction of Theravada Buddhism to Upper Burma after Pagan's conquest of the Thaton Kingdom in 1057. Beginning in the early 13th century, the Shans began to encircle the Pagan Empire from the north and the east. The Mongols, who had conquered Yunnan, the former homeland of the Burmans in 1253, began their invasion of Burma in 1277, and in 1287 sacked Pagan, ending the Pagan kingdom's 250-year rule of the Irrawaddy valley and its periphery.

Toungoo Dynasty (1510–1752)
Toungoo, led by its ambitious king Tabinshwehti and his deputy Gen. Bayinnaung, would go on to reunify the petty kingdoms that had existed since the fall of the Pagan Empire, and found the largest empire in the history of Southeast Asia.

Konbaung Dynasty (1752–1885)
Soon after the fall of Ava, a new dynasty rose in Shwebo to challenge the authority of Hanthawaddy. Over the next 70 years, the highly militaristic Konbaung dynasty went on to create the largest Burmese empire, second only to the empire of Bayinnaung.

Westward expansion and wars with British Empire
Three Wars with the British-triggered by Myanmar's resistance to Britain's commercial and territorial ambitions-led to the kingdom's collapse(1) The first Anglo-Myanmar War(from 1824 to 1826) (2) The second Anglo-Myanmar War( 1852 ) (3) The third Anglo-Myanmar War (1885) With these wars, the British gradually annexed the whole country to its empire and named the country Burma.
Recorder's Court on Sule Pagoda Road, with the Sule Pagoda at the far end, Rangoon, 1868. Photographer: J. Jackson.

British rule
 By around the start of the 20th century, a nationalist movement began to take shape in the form of Young Men's Buddhist Associations (YMBA), modelled on the YMCA, as religious associations were allowed by the colonial authorities.  In 1920 the first university students strike in history broke out in protest against the new University Act which the students believed would only benefit the elite and perpetuate colonial rule. 'National Schools' sprang up across the country in protest against the colonial education system, and the strike came to be commemorated as 'National Day‘  In December 1930, a local tax protest by Saya San in Tharrawaddy quickly grew into first a regional and then a national insurrection against the government.  May 1930 saw the founding of the Dobama Asiayone (We Burmans Association) whose members called themselves Thakin  The second university students strike in 1936 was triggered by the expulsion of Aung San and Ko Nu, leaders of the Rangoon University Students Union (RUSU),

World War II and Japanese invasion (1942-1945)
 When the Japanese occupied Bangkok in December 1941, Aung San announced the formation of the Burma Independence Army (BIA) in anticipation of the Japanese invasion of Burma in 1942.

From the Japanese surrender to Aung San's assassination
 The surrender of the Japanese brought a military administration to Burma and demands to try Aung San for his involvement in a murder during military operations in 1942.  Aung San also succeeded in concluding an agreement with ethnic minorities for a unified Burma at the Panglong Conference on 12 February, celebrated since as 'Union Day'.  On 19 July 1947 U Saw, a conservative pre-war Prime Minister of Burma, engineered the assassination of Aung San and several members of his cabinet including his eldest brother Ba Win, while meeting in the Secretariat.  Thakin Nu, the Socialist leader, was now asked to form a new cabinet, and he presided over Burmese independence on 4 January 1948.

Independent Myanmar (1948-1962)
British government Hubert Elvin Rance and Sao Shwe Thaik at the flag raising Ceremony on 4th January 1948. The nation became an independet republic, Named the Union of Burma, with Sao Shwe Thaik as its first president and U NU as its first Prime Minister.

On 2 March 1962, Ne Win, with sixteen other senior military officers, staged a coup d'état, arrested U Nu, Sao Shwe Thaik and several others, and declared a socialist state to be run by their Union Revolutionary Council. Ne Win quickly took steps to transform Burma into his vision of a 'socialist state' and to isolate the country from contact with the rest of the world. A one-party system was established with his newly formed Burma Socialist Programme Party (BSPP) in complete control.

Crisis and 1988 Uprising
Ne Win retired as president in 1981, but remained in power as Chairman of the BSPP until his sudden unexpected announcement to step down on 23 July 1988. In September ,The military swept aside the Constitution of 1974 in favor of martial law under the State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) with Saw Maung as chairman and prime minister.(SLORC)

Military Regime(1988-2010)
 The military government announced a change of name for the country in English from Burma to Myanmar in 1989. It also continued the economic reforms started by the old regime and called for a Constituent Assembly to revise the 1974 Constitution. This led to multiparty elections in May 1990 in which the National League for Democracy (NLD) won a landslide victory over the National Unity Party. 1991, and also faced economic sanctions. In April 1992 the military replaced Saw Maung with General Than Shwe.  The SLORC was abolished in November 1997 and replaced by the State Peace and Development Council (SPDC).  On 23 June 1997, Burma was admitted into the Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN). On 27 March 2006, the military junta, which had moved the national capital from Yangon to a site near Pyinmana in November 2005, officially named the new capital Naypyidaw, meaning "city of the kings".  In August 2003, Kyin Nyunt announced a seven-step "roadmap to democracy", which the government claims it is in the process of implementing.  On 17 February 2005, the government reconvened the National Convention, for the first time since 1993, in an attempt to rewrite the Constitution.

 On 7 February 2008, SPDC announced that a referendum for the Constitution would be held, and Elections by 2010. The Burmese constitutional referendum, 2008 was held on 10 May and promised a "discipline-flourishing democracy" for the country in the future.  In May 2008, Cyclone Nargis caused extensive damage in the densely populated, rice-farming delta of the Irrawaddy Division.[69] It was the worst natural disaster in Burmese history with reports of an estimated 200,000 people dead or missing, and damage totaled to 10 billion dollars (USD), and as many as 1 million left homeless.  In October 2012 the number of ongoing conflicts in Burma included the Kachin conflict, between the Kachin Independence Army and the government; a civil war between the Rohingya Muslims, and the government and non-government groups in Arakan State; and a conflict between the Shan, Lahu and Karen minority groups, and the government in the eastern half of the country.  A widely publicised Burmese conflict was the 2012 Rakhine State riots, a series of conflicts that primarily involved the ethnic Rakhine Buddhist people and the Rohingya Muslim people in the northern Rakhine State

Government and Politics
Assembly of the Union
The constitution of Myanmar was draft in September 2008.The legislature, called the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, is made up of two houses; upper houseAmyotha Hluttaw (House of Nationalities) and lower house Pythu Hluttaw (House of Representatives).

Current Administration Form
• Democratic Government • Administration in two tires -Union government -State or Regional government • 5-year periodically election • Union of 7 states and 7 Regions with seats of government located in the central city, Nay Pyi Taw.

Burmese Political Reforms(2011- present)
The 2011–2012 Burmese democratic reforms are an ongoing series of political, economic and administrative reforms in Burma undertaken by the military-backed government. These reforms include the release of pro-democracy leader Aung San Suu Kyi from house arrest and subsequent dialogues with her, establishment of the National Human Rights Commission, general amnesties of more than 200 political prisoners, institution of new labor laws that allow labor unions and strikes, relaxation of press censorship, and regulations of currency practices. As a consequence of the reforms, ASEAN has approved Burma's bid for the chairmanship in 2014. United States Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visited Burma on 1 December 2011, to encourage further progress; it was the first visit by a Secretary of State in more than fifty years. United States President Barack Obama visited one year later, becoming the first US president to visit the country.

Key events in recent Myanmar Politics

Suu Kyi's party, the National League for Democracy, participated in by-elections held on 1 April 2012 after the government abolished laws that led to the NLD's boycott of the 2010 general election. She led the NLD in winning the by-elections in a landslide, winning 41 out of 44 of the contested seats.

Foreign Relations
 In mid October, 2012. former UK Prime Minister Tony Blair "led a delegation" to shake hands with President Thein Sein, and met with lower house speaker Shwe Mann.  On 3 November 2012 European Commission President José Manuel Barroso met with Myanmar's President Thein Sein in Myanmar.  On 6 November 2012 Australia's Prime Minister, Julia Gillard met with Myanmar's President Thein Sein on the sidelines of the 9th Asia–Europe Meeting becoming the first Australian head of government to meet Burma's leader in nearly 30 years.  On 19 November 2012, US President Barack Obama visited Burma following his 2012 reelection and was accompanied by Hillary Clinton, returning almost a year after her first visit. Though he did not visit the capital, President Obama delivered a speech at Rangoon University, out of respect for the university where opposition to colonial rule first took hold.

Ministry of Hotels and Tourism Nay Pyi Taw, The Republic of the Union of Myanmar,


Myanmar Society and Political System

Group B
U Zay Yar Myo Aung U Kyaw Min Aye U Tin Myo Aung Daw Khin Myo Naing Daw Swe Swe Myint
2013 October 11

1. Introduction 2. Myanmar Society 3.Explore Myanmar Society 4.Political System in Myanmar 5. Questions & Answers


The Republic of Union of Myanmar -Area : 676577 km square - Population: Over 60 Millions -Religion : 83 % Buddhism, 5.6 % Christianity, 3.8 % Muslin 0.5% Hindu. -Neighbors :China ,Thailand, Bangladesh , Laos, India -Festivals: Seasonal festivals, social and religious festivals -National races : Over 100

Myanmar Society
Our country composed with 7 States & 7 Regions
Kachin State Kayah State Kayin State Chin State Mon State Rakhine State Shan State Sagaing Region Taninthayi Region Bago Region Magway Region Mandalay Region Yangon Region Ayeyarwady Region


2.Explore Myanmar Society a) b) c) d) Cultural Sector Education Sector Health Sector Sports Sector


Cultural Sector
Myanmar concept on “culture”
 Culture is a combination of both physical and mental culture.

 Standard of culture can be measured … 1. By material development 2.By the morale and morality of its people.

Culture is like a mixed pot of flowers Physical Culture -Value loyalty, honesty,
generosity, forgiveness, gratitude and kindness

Mental Culture
-gentle manners, customs, traditions ,rules of conduct


By Law - 18 years old - Buddhism , Christian, Muslin, Hindu. But ……… We respect our parents and need approve to marriage Man & Woman.

Education Sector
When we had 3 years old …… Pre-Primary Schools. In some villages ….. Monastery Schools.


Education Sector Basic Education Schools in Myanmar
Basic Education High Schools = 2,351 Basic Education Middle Schools = 3,121 Basic Education Post-Primary Schools= 6,553 Basic Education Primary Schools = 28,967 Total Schools =40,992

Teachers - 273,516 Students - 8,200,595

Education Sector Academic Level Major Programmes
1.Burmese 2.Computer Science 3.English 4.Geology 5.History 6.Philosophy 7.Psychology 8.Law 9.Bontany

Motto; With Truth and Loyalty


Education Sector
10.Chemistry 11.Mathematics 12.Physics 13.Zoology 14.Industrial Chemistry


Education System in Myanmar

Education Structure
1. Administrative Structure 2. Academic Structure 3. Organization Structure


Administrative Structure
1. National Education Committee - Basic Education Sub-sector
(a) Basic Education Council (b) Basic Education Curriculum, Syllabus and Textbook Committee (c) Teacher Education Supervisory Committee (d) Basic Education Schools


Academic Structure
-Higher Education Sub-sector
(a) Universities’ Central Council (b) Council of University Academic Bodies (c) Higher Education Institutions (HEIs)


Higher Education Institutions
Sr. No 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 Education Health Science and Technology Defense Culture Environmental Conservation and Forestry Agriculture and Irrigation Livestock Breeding & Fisheries Co-operatives Union Civil Service Board Religious Affairs Border Affairs Transport Total Ministry

2011-2012 Academic Year.

Number 66 15 61 5 2 1 1 1 5 1 1 2 2 163

Organization Structure

Structure of Myanmar Academy of Arts and Science


Health Sector
Medical & Health Facilities & Personnel Government Hospital = 790 Hospitals Government Hospital = 366 Hospitals (Above 25 bedded) Approximate Specialist Hospital =35 Hospital with specialist service =29 Hospital above 25 bedded =302 Total =366


Health Sector
Doctors in Myanmar
 No. of Drs in State service - 6331  No. of Drs in Private practice -11145 Total =17476


Health System
The Ministry of Health laid down the National Health Plan (2001-2006) under the guidance from the National Health Committee.

Objectives of the National Health Plan
1. To implement the national objective of uplifting of health, fitness and educational standards of the entire nation. 2. To implement the National Health Policy. 3. To develop a new health system in keeping with the political, economic and social conditions. 4. To strengthen rural health services.


Sports Sector

Myanmar will host 33 sports, 2013 SEA Games.


Sports Sector
Places- Yangon, Mandalay, Nay Pyi Taw, Ngwe Saung. Motto - “Green ,Clean ,and Friendship.” Events - 460 in 33 sports Opening Ceremony - 11 Dec 2013 Closing Ceremony - 22 Dec 2013 Main Venue - Zabuthiri Stadium Website -27th Southeast Asian Games


Sports Sector
Sr. No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Badminton Basketball Billiards & Snooker Chess Cycling Football Golf Futsal Boxing Shooting Name Sr. No. 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Pencak Muay Weightlifting Vovinam Volleyball Wrestling Equestrian Taekwondo Judo Canoeing


Sports Sector
Sr. No. 21 22 23 24 25 Chinlone Karate Kenpo Traditional Boat Race Body Building Name Sr. No. 26 27 28 29 30 Silat Field Hockey Sailing Petanque Sepak Takraw Name


Political System in Myanmar
Historical Background in Political System 1. Early History 2. The Bagan Period 3. The Period of Division 4. The Hanthawady Empire 5. The Inwa Kingdom 6. The Konbaung Kingdom 7. British Colonial Rule 8. The National Movement


Political System in Myanmar
9.Early Years of Independence
10.The Caretaker Government 11.The Pyidaungsu Government 12.The Revolutionary Council 13.Burma Socialist Programme Party Period 14.State Law and Order Restoration Council 15.State Peace and Development Council 16.New Government Polities


Political System in Myanmar
Independence -On 4 Jan 1948 (Union of Burma) Military rule -On 2 March 1962 (Military control 1962 to 1974) Towards Democracy
-On 10 May 2008 (Republic of the Union of Myanmar) -General elections were held under new constitution in 2010.

Political System in Myanmar
New Government - Pyidaungsu Hluttaw (Bicameral & made up two houses) - Amyotha Hluttaw (224 seats upper house –House of Nationalities) (168 are directly elected & 56 are appointed by armed forces). - Pyuthu Hluttaw (440 seats lower house-House of Representatives) (330 are directly elected & 110 are appointed by armed forces).

Political System in Myanmar
The Major Parties 1.National League for Democracy 2.National Democratic Force 3.National Unity Party 4.Union Solidarity and Development Party


Political System in Myanmar
Foreign relations :
-On 13 Jan 2012 ,The European has placed suspension of all aid. -On 13 April 2012 British Prime Minister David Cameron called for economic sanctions on Myanmar.


Political System in Myanmar
Foreign relations:
- New investments with neighboring (India , Chinese companies). -In May 2013 President U Thein Sein became the first Myanmar President to visit the U.S (White House).


Political System in Myanmar
Visit by Western leaders: -On 19 Nov 2012 ,U.S President visited
Myanmar. -On 3 Nov 2012 ,European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso met with Myanmar’s President U Thein Sein. - On 6 Nov 2012 ,Australia’s Prime Minister ,Julia Gillard met with Myanmar’s President U Thein Sein.


Questions & Answers



You can’t eat Political System …...... but you can taste their fruits !


Current Political Situation in Myanmar
Presented by Group - C

Government’s Structure Timeline: Myanmar's reforms under Civilian Government Moving Forward Challenges

Powerpoint Templates

Page 2

Government’s Structure

Powerpoint Templates

Page 3

Myanmar Administration Structure

Three Main Branches of the Government

Executive branch

Chief of state:

President U THEIN SEIN (since 4.2.2011); Vice President DR. SAI MOUK KHAM (since 4.2.2011); Vice President U NYAN HTUN (since 15.8. 2012) Head of the government is President THEIN SEIN and includes 36 Ministries cabinet is appointed by the president and confirmed by the parliament U THEIN SEIN elected president by the parliament from among three vice presidents; the upper house, the lower house, and military members of the parliament each nominate one vice president (president serves a five-year term)




Legislative branch
The House of Nationalities [Amyotha Hluttaw]: (224 seats, 168 directly elected and 56 appointed by the military; members serve fiveyear terms) The House of Representatives [Pythu Hluttaw] : (440 seats, 330 directly elected and 110 appointed by the military; members serve five-year terms) Elections: last held on 7 November 2010 (next to be held in December 2015) Election results: The House of Nationalities ; USDP 74.8%, others 25.2%; The House of Representatives ; USDP 79.6%, others 20.4%

Parliament Committees
# 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. Committee Chairman Bill Committee T Khun Myat Public Accounts Committee Thurein Zaw Rights Committee Nanda Kyaw Sar Government’s Guarantees, Pledges and Win Sein Undertakings Vetting Committee Representatives Vetting Committee* Maung Oo Citizens’ Fundamental Rights, Democracy and Htay Oo Human Rights Committee National Race Affairs and Internal Peace-Making Thein Zaw Committee Banks and Monetary Development Committee Aung Thaung Planning and Financial Development Committee Soe Tha Farmers, Workers and Youth Affairs Committee Tin Htut International Relations Committee Hla Myint Oo Economic and Trade Development Committee Maung Maung Thein Transport, Communication and Construction Thein Swe Committee Sports, Culture and Public Relations Aye Myint Development Committee Party USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP

Parliament Committees
# Committee Agriculture, Livestock Breeding and Fishery 15. Committee Investment and Industrial Development 16. Committee Resources and Environmental Conservation 17. Committee 18. Health Promotion Committee 19. Education Promotion Committee 20. Judicial and Legal Affairs Committee 21. Public Affairs Management Committee 22. Social Development Committee Reform and Modernization Assessment 23. Committee 24. Water Transportation Development Committee Legal Affairs and Special Affairs Assessment 25. Commission 26. Rule of Law and Peace and Stability Committee Chairman Soe Naing Htay Myint Lun Thi Kyaw Myint Chan Nyein Aung Ko Maung Oo Maung Maung Swe Aung Thein Lin Kyi Min Nanda Kyaw Sar Aung San Suu Kyi Party USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP USDP NLD

Judicial branch
Supreme Court  The new constitution provides for a supreme court, a constitutional tribunal, and lower courts.  The present judicial system was adopted under the 2008 Constitution and Union Judiciary Law 2010.

Political Parties
  58 registered 10 have to registered

Main political parties:
    Union Solidarity and Development Party (USDP) National League for Democracy (NLD) National Democratic Force (NDF) National Unity Party (NUP)


Myanmar's reforms under Civilian Government

Myanmar's reforms under Civilian Government


U Thein Sein is sworn in as president of a nominally civilian government and the transfer of powers to the new government is complete; The new government frees thousands of prisoners; Aung San Suu Kyi is allowed to leave Yangon on a political visit; days later she meets President Thein Sein in Nay Pyi Taw. President Thein Sein suspends construction of controversial Chinesefunded Myitsone hydroelectric dam, in move seen as showing greater openness to public opinion.

May: Aug: Sep:

Myanmar's reforms under Civilian Government (Cont’d)
Oct: More than 200 political prisoners are freed as part of a general amnesty. New labour laws allowing unions are passed. ASEAN agrees that Myanmar will chair the grouping in 2014. US Secretary of State Hillary Clinton visits, meets President U Thein Sein . The US offers to improve relations if democratic reforms continue; The NLD re-registers as a political party in advance of by-elections for parliament due to be held early in 2012; Government agrees a truce with rebels of the Shan ethnic group and order the military to stop operations against ethnic Kachin rebels;

Nov: Dec:

Myanmar's reforms under Civilian Government (Cont’d)
Jan: The government signs a ceasefire with rebels of Karen ethnic group. Hundreds of prisoners are released; Apr: Taking part in an election for the first time since 1990, the NLD wins 43 out of 45 seats. The polls are thought to have been generally free and fair. The US responds by easing sanctions on Myanmar. The EU also agrees to suspend most sanctions in Myanmar and opens an office in Yangon. Aug: Removes 2,082 names from its blacklist which bars people deemed a threat to national security from entering or leaving the country.

Myanmar's reforms under Civilian Government (Cont’d)
Sep: President U Thein Sein visits the US; Oct: Violence flares in Rakhine, as aid agencies warn of a worsening humanitarian crisis; Nov: US President Barack Obama visits Burma on his first overseas trip since reelection; Dec: The government announces that privately owned newspapers are to be allowed in Myanmar from April 2013 for the first time in almost 50 years. Myanmar ushers in the new year for the first time with a public countdown.

Myanmar's reforms under Civilian Government (Cont’d)
Jan: The government abolishes a 25-year-old ban on public gatherings of more than five people. The ADB resumes loans to Burma for the first time in 30 years in an attempt to boost its social and economic development. Feb: The government and ethnic Kachin rebels reach an agreement to hold talks, after weeks of fighting in the north-east of the country. President U Thein Sein embarks on his first European tour; Mar: Clashed between Muslim and Buddhist communities in Meikhtila. More than 40 people die in clashes and around 12,000 Muslims are displaced from their homes. A state of emergency is declared in the area;

Myanmar's reforms under Civilian Government (Cont’d)
Apr: President Thein Sein visits Britian, announces that Myanmar will release all political prisoners "by the end of the year". The European Union lifts its remaining trade, economic and individual sanctions except those on arms sales; Sep: Jimmy Carter, former US President and Elders’ delegation leader and parties visited and made constructive discussions with President U Thein Sein Oct: President also released 56 political prisoners from rebel groups . President U Thein Sein attended the 23rd ASEAN Summit and received ASEAN Chairmanship 2014 from Brunei.

Moving Forward

National Development Strategy
 Good Governance and Clean Government
  government is focusing on clean government and good governance in building nation. "Successful establishment of modern, developed democratic new nation calls for combination of democracy with good governance”

 Poverty Reduction and Rural Development
 the president reaffirmed the government’s plan to reduce extreme domestic poverty from the current 26 per cent to 16 per cent of the population by 2015, endorsing, among other initiatives, the development of the microfinance sector.

Legislative Reforms
• • • • • • • • New laws enacted FDI Taxation Land Reform Freedom of Expression Freedom of Association Engagement with 88 Generation Willingness to Listen to the Voices of the People

Development Priorities
• • • • • • • • • Agriculture Education and Health Natural resources management Tourism Competitive business sector Financial/Banking Sector Legal structures Infrastructure, and Policy formation and implementation


• • • • • • • •

Weak capacity for implementing reforms Much still depends on individuals not policy Sanctions Official Development Assistance (ODA) Lowest recipient of ODA among all LDC’s, with 7.2 US$ per capita in 2010 FDIs Poor Infrastructure Corruption

1) 2) 3) 4) 5) ssembly/Committees.php 6)


Myanmar Society & Political System

Presented by – Khin Myo Thwin ( Group D)
Assistant Manager Myanmar Hotels & Tourism Services


Group Participants

Dr. Than Zaw U Ye Myint Kyaw U Si Thu Kyaw U Aung Phyo U Kyaw Moe Naing Daw Khin Myo Thwin

 Myanmar Society
      What is society? Lifestyle Religion Culture Education Health


 Political System        Different conceptions of politics Political system in Myanmar What is Democracy? Basic principle Three branches of sovereign power National policy Foreign policy







What is Society?
According to sociologists, a society is a group of people with common territory, interaction, and culture. Social groups consist of two or more people who interact and identify with one another.


 hospitable and warm-hearted

 simple and ordinary lifestyle  adults don’t leave their family until they get married  Arrangement of marriage may be made by parents  the last marriage person keeps live with their parents  children support back to their parents when they are old  rank their parents just after Triple Gems: Buddha, Damma and Sanga Basic Concepts - “Good begets Good and Evil begets Evil”


• •

Naming ceremony -seven days after birth. Children sent to school at age of five.


Novitation Ceremony

Religions in Myanmar



Myanmar’s Concept on Culture


Physical Culture

Mental Culture

Gentle manner, customs, traditions rules of conduct

Myanmar Culture

Value the loyalty, honesty, generosity, forgiveness, gratitude, kindness


fear to do misdeeds


Various forms of arts and crafts


Education in Myanmar


“Every school-age child in school” “ Education for all”
 Educational policy is to provide basic education equated with livelihood and within the reach of all.  Monastic education is widely spread in rural areas  Primary education is compulsory  The basic educational structure is 5:4:2  Higher education system consists of 4:1:2  37 Bachelor Degree Courses  Today, many schools across the country  Private schools in urban areas


Myanmar’s Health Care System
 Implement national healthcare policy

 MOH is providing comprehensive healthcare • to enable every citizen to attain full life expectancy • to ensure that every citizen is free from diseases  Traditional medicine is widely in rural areas  Many private hospitals and clinics  Approximately 898 hospitals across the country

Myanmar Sports
Traditional Sports
- Chin lone is the most popular sports - Regetta (boat racing event held in Tawthalin ) - Equestrian events held by royal army in the time of Burmese King


Today Sports
- Many kinds of sports ( eg.Football,volleyball,badminton, etc..) - 33 sports in the coming 27th SEA Game


Political System


Different Conceptions of Politics
 politics as the art of government

 politics as public affairs

 politics as compromise and consensus

Principal Organs of the State


Pyidaungsu Hluttaw

Pyithu Hluttaw

Amyotha Hluttaw

the highest legislative organ in the country - bills are subbmited to Pyithu Hluttaw and Amyotha Hluttaw, approved by Pyidaungsu Hluttaw


Changes in Political System

parliamentary democracy system (1948-1962)

 direct military rule (1962-1974)  socialist system (1974-1988)  again military rule ( 1988-2011)  entered a new political era by elections  new government took his office on 30th March 2011  changed to democracy system


Democracy System


What is Democracy?
Democracy, from the Greek demos, “the people”; and kratein, “to rule.” “Democracy is a political system in which the people of a country rule through any form of government they choose to establish.”

Professor Richard M. Pious Columbia University

Democracy Circle




to ensure the general peace to protect the territory to protect people within the territory to provide common good for people

Organizational Structure
Republic of the Union of Myanmar




Union Territory

Self-Administered Division Wa

Yangon Mandalay Ayeyarwady Bago Sagaing Magway Tanintharyi

Kachin Kayah Kayin Chin Mon Rakhine Shan

Nay Self-Administered Zones Pyi Taw Kokent Danu Naga Palaung Pa-O


Basic Principal
The Republic of the Union of Myanmar
1. M yanmar is an independent sovereign Nation. 2. The State shall be known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. 3. The State is where multi-National races collectively reside. 4. The Sovereign power of the Union is derived from the citizens and is in force in the entire country. 5. The territory of the State shall be the land, sea, and airspace which constitutes its territory on the day this Constitution is adopted.


President President




Union Ministers Union Ministers Union Attorney General Union Attorney- General


States and Regions Government

Chief Minister


Advocate General

 the responsibilities to assist Union Government

Three Branches of Sovereign Power
 Legislative power: shared among the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Region Hluttaws and State Hluttaws


 Judicial power

: shared among the Supreme Court of the Union, High
Court of the Regions and States and different levels of Courts including self-administered areas

 Executive power : shared among the Pyidaungsu Hluttaw, Region
Hluttaws and State Hluttaws


National Policy in Myanmar

Non-disintegration of the Union.

 Non-disintegration of national solidarity.

 Perpetuation of sovereignty.


Foreign Policy

“The Union practices independent, active and nonaligned foreign policy aimed at world peace and friendly relations with nations and upholds the principles of peaceful coexistence among nations.”  The Union shall not commence aggression against any nation.  No foreign troops shall be permitted to be deployed in the territory of the Union.



- Myanmar is now changing in every sectors by the new government. - The government build up political might, economic might and military might. - Today is the most opportune time for the entire people to work together in the process of transforming democracy system. - Everybody who is under national sovereignty should participate in this process so as to enjoy the good advantages of democracy system.


Thank You!

Member countries of ASEAN
Lao PDR Myanmar Thailand Viet Nam Brunei Darussalam



Malaysia Singapore



 

8 August 1967 in Bangkok, Thailand, with the signing of the ASEAN Declaration (Bangkok Declaration) Founding Fathers of ASEAN: 5 Foreign Ministers - Adam Malik (Indonesia), Narciso R. Ramos ( Philippines), Tun Abdul Razak (Malaysia), S. Rajaratnam (Singapore) and Thanat Khoman (Thailand)

 1971- Zone of Peace, Freedom and Neutrality, ZOPFAN  1976- Treaty of Amity and Cooperation  1976 – Bali Concord I – formally adopted political co-operation as part          

Milestones in ASEAN

of ASEAN regular activities 1992 – ASEAN Free Trade Agreement (AFTA) 1997/98 – ASEAN Vision 2020 Towards a community 2003 - Bali Concord II – the launch of ASEAN Community by 2020 2005 – the launch of ASEAN Charter process 2006/07 – the acceleration of ASEAN Community to 2015 2007 – ASEAN Charter drafting and the ASEAN Economic Community Blueprint 2008 – ASEAN Charter ratification, rule-based organization 2009 - ASEAN Political Community and Socio-Cultural Community Blueprints 2011-Bali Concord III. 2012 ASEAN Human Rights Declaration

ASEAN Vision 2020
 ASEAN defined the community in the

ASEAN Vision 2020 (1997) “as a concert of Southeast Asian nations, outward looking, living in peace, stability and prosperity, bonded together in partnership in dynamic development and in a community of caring societies”

ASEAN Community Building

 The Bali Concord II (2003) was ASEAN’s next big step

in formalising and institutionalising the ASEAN’s community vision into a concretely targeted Community by 2020. The 3- pillar Community goal, which was subsequently accelerated to 2015 at the 12th ASEAN Summit in 2007, was a major advancement of the ASEAN community vision because it made community building the most important objective of ASEAN.

ASEAN Community
 ASEAN Political-Security Community – peaceful processes in the

settlement of intra-regional differences and it has the following components: political development, shaping and sharing of norms, conflict prevention, conflict resolution, post-conflict peace building, and implementing mechanisms

 ASEAN Economic Community - creating a stable, prosperous and

highly competitive ASEAN economic region in which there is a free flow of goods, services, investment and a freer flow of capital, equitable economic development and reduced poverty and socio-economic disparities in year 2020; caring societies and founded on a common regional identity, with cooperation focused on social development aimed at raising the standard of living of disadvantaged groups and the rural population, and shall seek the active involvement of all sectors of society, in particular women, youth, and local communities

 ASEAN Socio-Cultural Community - envisages a community of

 Ratified by 10 ASEAN member states  Came into force: 15 Dec 2008, Jakarta  Gives legal personality to ASEAN  Clarifies common objectives and principles  Defines structure, Mechanisms, Operations

ASEAN Charter

ASEAN’s Structure under ASEAN Charter
 ASEAN Summit  ASEAN Coordinating       Committee Permanent

Council ASEAN Community Councils ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies Secretary General ASEAN Secretariat ASEAN National Secretariat

Representatives (CPR)  ASEAN Intergovernmental Commission on Human Rights  ACWC

ASEAN External Relations
 East Asia Summit  10 ASEAN Member States + Australia, China, India, Japan, ROK,  

 

New Zealand, USA, and Russia International and Regional Organizations Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), Mercado Commun del Sur/Common Market of the South (MERCOSUR), Economic Cooperation Organization (ECO), South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), and Rio Group ASEAN Sectoral Dialogue Partner – Pakistan Over 75 Ambassadors accredited to ASEAN, 39 ASEAN Committees in Third Countries

New Charter: New ASEAN
 Legal, (rules based) therefore accountable  Greater Recognition  within ASEAN (leverage against governments)  Regional partners (international leverage)  Mechanisms to address regional issues: Human rights,

migrant workers, women and children  Recognition of Civil Society - the right to participate

Tow ards I ntegration into the Global Econom y, ASEAN Ex ternal Econom ic Cooperation



• •
ASEAN-AustraliaNew Zealand FTA

ASEAN-Korea Trade in Goods Agreement & ASEAN China Trade in Services status is Entered Into Force (2007) On-going implementation of Trade in Goods Agreements under ASEAN-China Continued negotiations with India, Japan, CER (Australia & New Zealand), and the EU

ASEAN Key Indicators
 Total Population : 600 million (EU 500 Million)  Total Area : 4,465,500  Total GDP in Current Prices : approx. US$ 2.2

trillion  ASEAN GDP Growth in 2013 is 5.5%  Total trade: US$ 2.44 trillion (intra-ASEAN trade in 2010 = US$ 376 billion)  Foreign Direct Investment Inflow: US$ 114 billion in 2011


ASEAN Today: Unity in Diversity
 Diversity
 Political systems: Democracies, Monarchy, Communism  Religion: Buddhism, Christianity, Islam  Economic development

HDI (2012): Rank 25 to 133  GDP per capita (2012): $850 to $29,499  Average GDP per capita US$ 2267 in 2007 to 3759 in 2012  Power dynamics:  Traditional most influential member – Indonesia  India, China, US, Australia  Shift from state-centric to people-oriented.

Department of ASEAN Affairs ASEAN-Myanmar

ASEAN Chairmanship

Article 31 Chairman of ASEAN 1. The Chairmanship of ASEAN Rotate annually, based on alphabetical order of the English names of the member states. 2. ASEAN shall have, in a calendar year, a single Chairmanship by which the Member state assuming the ASEAN Chair shall chair: a. the ASEAN Summits and Related Summits b. the ASEAN Coordinating Council c. the Three ASEAN Community Councils d. where appropriate, the relevant ASEAN Sectoral Ministerial Bodies and senior officials; and e. the Committee of Permanent Representatives.

Article 32 the Role of the Chairmanship of ASEAN

Theme for Myanmar ASEAN Chairmanship


ေရှ�သို�တူညီတက်လှမ်းချီ �ငိမ်းချမ်းေဝစည် အာဆီယံအသိုက်အဝန်းဆီ Moving Forward in Unity to a Peaceful and Prosperous Community

Logo for Myanmar Chairmanship


Strategic Direction  To effectively implement the role of ASEAN Chair as
 

prescribed by the ASEAN Charter. To play a leading role in fulfilling the objectives and vision of ASEAN. To enhance the centrality of ASEAN in cooperation with countries around the world, international and regional organizations; To play an independence and active role in ASEAN in accordance with Myanmar Foreign Policy and its priorities. While promoting the region’s interest in leading ASEAN, it will also be linked with the promotion of national interest of Myanmar.

Priorities for Myanmar Chairmanship
 To ensure the full implementation of the remaining tasks in 

  

realization of the ASEAN Community by 2015. To set the priority areas for acceleration in implementation of the ASEAN Community, to review the status of unfinished tasks, to set future initiatives to vitalize ASEAN, to formulate programmes that will promote ASEAN external relations. To carry out the review of ASEAN Charter, in order to maintain the relevance of ASEAN in changing circumstances. To conduct the mid-term review of the implementation the ARF vision statement and to develop a new vision for ARF. to transform ASEAN as a people-centred organization, to enhance engagements with civil society, to accelerate participation of women, youth, parliamentarians and media in the activities of ASEAN. To set the ASEAN Vision beyond 2015.

Implementation Mechanisms
 Establishment of the National Coordination


 Central committee for Myanmar Chairmanship in 2014 and

Implementation of ASEAN Community Building by 2015  Organization Committee on ASEAN Summits and Related Meetings  Substantive Committees(Three Pillars, Work Committees, 10, 15, 12)

 Operational Level Coordinating Mechanism  Focal Points of Ministries implementing the ASEAN Three Communities  Core Groups of Ministries, agencies and organizations  Working level Nucleus Groups

Central Committee
Respective Ministries
APSC Committee AEC Committee

ASCC Committee EPG
Substantive Work Committees(12)

Organising Committee for Summits and Related Meetings

Substantive Work Committees(10)

Substantive Work Committees(15)

Meeting management Protocol Welcoming and accommodation ေထာက်ပ့/ ံ အုပ်ချုပ် Security Information and Liaison

ASEAN National Secretariat MOFA, NPED, MOC

Communication Transport Gala Dinner Catering Venue Planning Finance Construction Business Health entertainment
Sanitation and Beautifying

 Physical  Convention Centre, Airlines, Hotels, Transportation, Catering and Restaurants, Banks, Credit Cards, Souvenirs Substantive  Strategic Directions, Priorities  Agenda Setting, Chairing the Meeting  Drafting of deliverables: agreements, declarations, statements  Rapporteuring and Summarizing

Notional Calender and Venue Planning
 Setting the Time Table
   

Two summits, early May, October/November AMM, early January, July/August JPM, April, September SOM, January, May, July, September,  Location of meeting venues  Nay Pyi Taw,  Yangon,  Mandalay,  Bagan,  Taunggyi,  Chaungtha,  Pyin Oo Lwin.

List of Meetings to be hosted by Myanmar as of 3 October 2013
 Summit Meetings  Ministerial Meetings  Senior Officials’ Meetings  Working Group Level Meetings



10 73 50 108 241

Venue Planning
 Identification of conference facilities and hotel accommodation

Construction of a new convention centre(MICC-1, 84% as of June 2013, will completed in September 2013)  Construction of State Guest Houses(Jade Villas), 44% to be completed by Dec, 2013.  MICC-2  From 2600 hotel rooms to more than 10000 in NPT  Transport and airlinks  Nay Pyi Taw International Airport, to expand overnight Parking of 20 Aircrafts, Refuelling, Catering  Yangon International Airport, Overnight Parking of 20 Aircrafts, Refuelling, Catering  Mandalay International Airport, Bagan Airport, Taungoo Airport, Meikhtila Airbase: Overnight Parking, Refuelling, Catering.  Express Bus between Yangon and Nay Pyi Taw.

 ASEAN Summits in Nay Pyi Taw

Composition of Delegations (19th Summits in Bali, 2011)
Countries USA Japan ROK China Thailand India Malaysia Australia Philippines Singapore Myanmar Total Delegates 299 269 190 121 110 94 94 81 58 53 53 2376 Supporting staff 464 59 147 61 11 116 41 32 63 30 18 3683

Expected Guests arrivals
AMM Retreat, 15-18 January 2014, Bagan 24th ASEAN Summit, 45 May 2014, Nay Pyi Taw 47th AMM and related meetings 31 July-3 August 2014, Nay Pyi Taw 25th ASEAN Summit, 1415 October 2014, Nay Pyi Taw

Heads of States Foreign Ministers Delegates Supporting Staff Media persons Civil Society including Busines Tourists

10 150 200 200 150,000

10 10 200 300 1000 1000 100,000

30 500 200 1000 50,000

18 18 2500 3600 1500 1000 150,000

 Budget for ASEAN Summits  President’s Office  Contingency Budget  Budget for Ministerial and Related Meetings  Respective Ministries  Budget updates three times a year.

Outsourcing and Sponsorship
 Outsourcing on collectable items, such as shirts,

document bags, gifts, folders, note pads, pens and pencils  Outsourcing on catering.  Outsourcing on event management.  Sponsorship by private companies on such things as bottled water, soft drinks, banners, motor vehicles

Seeking Assistance from ASEAN and Partner Countries
 Singapore is providing Training Assistance for capacity   

 

building at Singapore Centre in Yangon Thailand is providing Training Assistance for capacity building Malaysia is providing assistance for diplomatic training IMG through Norway Government will assist in ASEAN Chairmanship Web Portal, they had conducted a training seminar on ASEAN Chairmanship KOICA will provide assistance on conference management USAID conducted seminars on ASEAN Chairmanship and ASEAN Economic Community

Seeking Assistance from Partner Countries
 France will provide Security Training for Security and Liaison Officers  Japan is providing assistance under Japan-ASEAN Integration Fund, Susuki Co.      

will provide 100 motorcycles. Germany provided capacity building assistance under German International Cooperation Hungary will provide assistance to capacity building in ICT China will provide material assistance for ASEAN Chairmanship Hans Seidel Foundation is providing capacity building assistance for ASEAN Chairmanship Sasakawa Peace Foundation is providing assistance for interpretation training, observation missions and internship. Aus-Aid provides assistance for observation missions and one attachement officer,

Substantive Support
 Establishment of Eminent Persons Groups  Publication of ASEAN Reference Book in    

Myanmar Language Directory for Focal Persons Publication of ASEAN Meetings’ Management Manual Background Analysis and Stances Formation of Rapporteur Groups

Capacity Building Programme
 Local training programmes  Training of Liaison Officers(five training have been conducted more than 300 LO trained)  Workshop on Chairing ASEAN Meetings  Training for drafting groups(drafting group has been formed)  Training for interpreters(2-year training programme on-going)  Overseas trainings  Internship programmes(Cambodia and Brunei)  Study tours( Vietnam, Thailand, Singapore,

Indonesia, Japan)

Human Resource Management
 Strengthening of ASEAN Affairs Department  Strengthening of ASEAN-Myanmar National

Secretariat  Strengthening of National focal points at various government ministries and agencies

Public Awareness
               

National Seminar on ASEAN Cooperation National Seminar on Media Participation (May) National Seminar on Civil Societies participation (December) Designing ASEAN Chairmanship Posters and banners(on-going) Publishing Myanmar ASEAN Chairmanship Pamphlets Writing ASEAN-related articles and publishing in Newspapers, Weekly Journals and Myanmar Times TV interviews and video clips for taking and handing over ceremonies Myanmar ASEAN Chairmanship Essay contest ASEAN Flag Raising Ceremony(August) ASEAN Day Run or Marathon ASEAN Talks in States and Regions(NPED and MPF) Hosting ASEAN Sports Meet in conjunction with SEA Games (on-going) ASEAN Cross Country Cycling, Car Race ASEAN Day Blood Donation Drive ASEAN Day Cleaning campaigns Theme Song for ASEAN Chairmanship(Spirit of ASEAN)

Logistic Management
         

Meeting event planning Security Planning Registration and issuance of identity cards Meeting room planning Motorcade Planning Catering(Lunches & coffee breaks) Gala Dinner Planning Entertainment Sightseeing Spouse Programme

Substantive issues for Myanmar Chairmanship
 ASEAN Community Post-2015 Vision

Inspirational Goals for 2030 (Indonesia)

 To double ASEAN GDP from USD 2.2 trillion to USD 4.4 trillion

 Review of ASEAN Charter  Plans of Action for Beyond 2015 ASEAN Community  Successor Plan of Action for ASEAN Community Blue Prints (2016-2020), Nay Pyi Taw Plan of Action  IAI Work Plan( 2016-2021)  Connectivity Master Plan(2016-2021)  Bali Concord(III) Plan of Action (2013-2017)  People-centred ASEAN

in 2030  To half ASEAN poverty level from 18% to 9% by 2030

Challenges for Hotels and Tourism Ministry
 Are MHT ready to lead ASEAN in tourism matters in    

2014? Do you have enough rooms for ASEAN delegates? Do you have enough service persons to carter the needs of the guests? How high your service standards? ASEAN Standard or International standard? Do you have enough restaurants for the delegates?

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