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The Official U.S.

Army Magazine February 2002

Black Hawk
Down
The Anthrax Threat
Muslim and Soldier r ts40
I n sse9 and
i a l t page
pecip-ins a
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February 2002 Volume 57, No. 2

The Official FEATURES


U.S. Army Magazine
Secretary of the Army: Thomas E. White
Chief of Staff: GEN Eric K. Shinseki
4 The Anthrax Threat
Chief of Public Affairs: MG Larry D. Gottardi
Army researchers joined their
Chief, Information Strategy: civilian counterparts in dealing
COL Stephen T. Campbell
with the threat posed by anthrax
Soldiers Staff and other infectious diseases.
Editor in Chief: LTC John E. Suttle
Managing Editor: Gil High
Production Editor: Steve Harding 12 Defending the Home Front
Art Director: Helen Hall VanHoose National Guard soldiers have
Associate Art Director: Paul Henry Crank
Senior Editor: Heike Hasenauer rallied to the nation’s defense,
Associate Editor: SFC Lisa Beth Snyder helping to protect vital structures
Photo Editor: SSG Alberto Betancourt
Photographer: Paul Disney and facilities across the nation.
Special Products Editor: Beth Reece
Graphic Designer: LeRoy Jewell
Executive Secretary: Joseph T. Marsden 15 Utah Gold
Soldier-athletes stand a good
Soldiers (ISSN 0093-8440) is published monthly under super-
vision of the Army Chief of Public Affairs to provide the Total chance of winning the top prizes
Army with information on people, policies, operations, technical
developments, trends and ideas of and about the Department of
in a variety of sports at this
the Army. The views and opinions expressed are not necessarily month’s Winter Olympics.
those of the Department of the Army. ■ Manuscripts of interest
to Army personnel are invited. Direct communication is autho-
rized to Editor, Soldiers, 9325 Gunston Road, Suite S108,
Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5581. Phone: DSN 656-4486 or com-
mercial (703) 806-4486. Or send e-mail to soldiers@
belvoir.army.mil. ■ Unless otherwise indicated (and except for
“by permission” and copyright items), material may be reprinted
provided credit is given to Soldiers and the author. ■ All
photographs by U.S. Army except as otherwise credited.
■ Military distribution: From the U.S. Army Distribution Opera-
tions Facility, 1655 Woodson Road, St. Louis, MO 63114-6181,
in accordance with Initial Distribution Number (IDN) 050007
subscription requirements submitted by commanders. ■ The
Secretary of the Army has determined that the publication of this
periodical is necessary in the transaction of the public business
as required by law of the department. ■ Use of funds for printing
this publication was approved by the Secretary of the Army on

Go Army!
Sept. 2, 1986, in accordance with the provisions of Army Regu-
lation 25-30. Library of Congress call number: U1.A827. ■
Periodicals postage paid at Fort Belvoir, VA, and additional
mailing offices. ■ Individual domestic subscriptions are available
at $36 per year through the Superintendent of Documents, P.O.
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www.soldiersmagazine.com

SMCov2pg1 2 1/4/02, 10:31 AM


Check
ou t , p ul o u t t h e se SpecialInserts

36 at 9
16 Rocky Mountain Blue 36 Victory Strike II at 40
A new Department of Defense An exercise in Poland brought
resort in the Colorado Rockies together soldiers from four
offers guests a range of year- nations — and marked the
round activities. largest U.S. troop movement in
Europe in recent history.
18 National Maintenance
Training Center 40 Black Hawk Down
A unique facility in Iowa’s farm We go behind the scenes in
country turns out a bumper crop Morocco to take an in-depth
of skilled Army mechanics and look at the Army’s role in
maintenance units. making the blockbuster film.

24 Pay Charts 2002 49 Corps Bridge Saves Lives


Wonder what you’ll make this Two decades before the allied
year? Here are the rates for all coalition took the war on
ranks, based on both grade and terrorism into Taliban-ruled
time in service. Afghanistan, American soldiers 4
were helping to improve life in
30 Muslim and Soldier the remote nation.
The first of the Army’s seven
Muslim chaplains speaks out on
faith, duty and the true nature of 18
terrorism.

Front cover:
DEPARTMENTS Army aid helps
make “Black
2 Feedback Hawk Down”
8 Briefings both realistic and
22 Focus on People accurate. —
26 Postmarks Sidney Baldwin/
28 Environmental Front Revolution
34 Sharp Shooters Studios
48 Around the Services
12 40

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Feedback
As Simple as NBC
From the Editor I WOULD just like to make a
Know Thine Etiquette
quick comment about the pic- THIS is my first time writing to
With the motion picture ture of the soldier in “mask-only” your organization, but I thought
“Black Hawk Down” now in posture on page 43 of your it worth the time to send you a
theaters, Soldiers senior edi- November edition. positive note.
tor Heike Hasenauer takes us This picture stuck out like a I am pleased and im-
sore thumb, and drives home pressed at your professional-
to Morocco for a behind-the- the point that NBC training ism and tact in responding to
scenes look at the Army’s role should be integrated into all the young specialist who
in the making of the movie. Army training exercises. I’m not thought the U.S. flag was improperly
Moving from Morocco to sure what exactly the soldier is displayed. I sensed that your words were carefully
doing in the picture, but it seems chosen and your point well made.
the mountains of Utah, Dou- to me he won’t be able to effec- The points that I would like to bring out in relation to this
glas Ide profiles 14 Army ath- tively utilize his weapon. correspondence are:
letes who will likely compete We all know it is extremely • We as parents, teachers and leaders deserve a swift
difficult to aim a weapon effec- kick for allowing our young people to even get out of elemen-
in this month’s Winter Olym- tively with a mask on, but it is tary school without knowing basic customs and care for our
pics, in “Utah Gold.” even more difficult when your national banner. As a side note, I am disappointed with my
For the making of mainte- filter canister is on the wrong own soldiers who, when arbitrarily asked, cannot for the
nance gold medallists, don’t side of the mask. Could it be he sake of their lives recite to me their second general order.
is not wearing his assigned Did we not learn this in basic training? Who on Earth ever
miss “The National Mainte- mask, or is he not really a left- gave us permission to forget the basics?
nance Training Center,” in handed firer? NBC NCOs • The second point is that we, wanting badly to be “heard”
which Jack Siemieniec show- should be taking care of these by someone, are quite eager to point out the faults and
cases the Army’s only facility type things. mistakes committed by others, so much so that we often do
SFC Richard A. Skinner not take the time to verify for ourselves what is correct.
that teaches entire units how via e-mail Thank you for “listening.” Best wishes to you all at Sol-
to achieve maintenance ex- diers magazine. We appreciate what you do.
cellence. Thumbs Up CW2 Paul Lockhart
via e-mail
In the arena of spiritual I WANTED to express my ap-
maintenance, Beth Reece preciation for the excellent
gives us an inside look at Is- magazine you produce month Heike’s ability to shoot illustra- E. White points towards Ground
lam in “Muslim and Soldier,” after month. tive, professional photos gives Zero in Manhattan.
Heike Hasenauer, in par- Soldiers added bang for the I just wanted to give names
which showcases her inter- ticular, should be commended buck. to the other faces that appear in
view with the Army’s first for the tremendous efforts that Though retired, I still serve the photo. To the far left is CPT
Muslim chaplain. went into the November edition. as a DA civilian at Fort Gordon, Purcell, commander of Com-
For a look at how you can A quick count shows she Ga. And I look forward each pany B, 105th Infantry. Beside
authored seven articles and month to reading your great me, wearing a white helmet, is
prepare for the afterlife — was responsible for filling 22 of publication. LTG Flowers, chief of engineers
life after the Army, that is — the magazine’s 48 pages of Mark A. Davies and commander of the U.S.
this quarter’s issue of Hot story material. That, in itself, is via e-mail Army Corps of Engineers.
no small feat. The 204th Engr. Bn. was
Topics focuses on retirement
planning and benefits. And,
My more than 22 years of
service took me many places,
Ground-Zero Soldiers augmented by the soldiers of
the 105th’s B and C companies,
finally, read our “Writing and which I often get to see in MY name is MAJ Geoffrey K. who maintained close security
Shooting for Soldiers” insert Heike’s stories. She writes with Seals, and I command the New at Ground Zero while our engi-
directness when presenting in- York Army Guard’s 204th Engi- neers secured the immediate
to see how you can make your formation articles, yet shifts to neer Battalion. I am one of the surrounding area.
unit famous. a compassionate style when two soldiers pictured in the No- Other units on the ground
human emotions and the im- vember article “After the Attack” included the 101st Cavalry
pacts of Army life are the sub- standing beside a Humvee Regiment, 258th Field Artillery,
ject matter. And of course, while Army Secretary Thomas 42nd Aviation Brigade, 105th

2 Soldiers

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and 442nd Military Police, and stationed at Fort Bragg, N.C. have visited the key objects on screamingeagle.org). You’ll
the 69th Inf., which we relieved Because I’m single, I am re- the Normandy beaches in find a guestbook, useful infor-
in place. There were other units quired to live in the barracks. France, and also visited mation about the 101st’s history
across all branches of the My battalion commander wrote Berchtesgaden in Germany and organization, and sugges-
armed forces, which gave ev- a recommendation for BAH where Hitler’s house was situ- tions on how to contact World
eryone tremendous inspiration approval, but the housing office ated. War II veterans of the 101st.
in a time of true need. denied the request. All these places saw the
We were all buoyed by the
letters from school children, and
What do I want from Sol-
diers? I want to be the voice for
101st Airborne Division in ac-
tion. I wonder if there is some-
Medics’ Medal
the words of appreciation and all seasoned NCOs who are body left who fought his way I JUST found a February 1977
support from citizens and city forced to either live in the bar- from France to Germany and Soldiers article entitled “AMA
services personnel. Local di- racks with their soldiers or pay Austria, or experienced either Honors Medics,” which men-
saster services agencies, vol- for off-post housing. of these conflicts. I would like to tioned a Lifetime Achievement
unteers and such area facilities The average staff sergeant send e-mail to some of these Award given to Army medics as
as Fort Hamilton and Fort has been in the military for at heroes. Can you reach any of a collective group. My husband
Wadsworth proved indispens- least 12 years. With this amount them? I intend to make another was an Army medic in Vietnam
able in providing basic subsis- of time you accumulate many trip to Normandy soon. in 1967 and 1968, and I’m won-
tence and morale support. Ev- things. Will the punishment Ari Aaltio dering if this award is available
eryone felt humbly honored never end for being single in the Finland to all Army medics who request
being able to provide comfort military? it. If so, I would like to surprise
and support to our nation in a SSG Andrea M. Green Your best bet is probably to visit him with it.
time of need. Fort Bragg, N.C. the 101st Airborne Division Gail Talarico
MAJ Geoffrey K. Seal Association’s website (www. via e-mail
via e-mail
History Question Soldiers is for soldiers and DA civilians. We invite readers’ views. Stay under 150
words — a post card will do — and include your name, rank and address. We’ll
BAH, Humbug! I AM very interested in World
War II history, especially post-
withhold your name if you desire and may condense your views because of space.
We can’t publish or answer every one, but we’ll use representative views. Write to:
Feedback, Soldiers, 9325 Gunston Road, Ste. S108, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-
I AM a staff sergeant currently Normandy landing events. I 5581, or e-mail: soldiers@belvoir.army.mil.

February 2002 3

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USAMRIID researchers are currently working to develop improved vaccines against anthrax and several other diseases.

W The Anthr
EEKS after the deadly
terrorist attacks on the World
Trade Center in New York
City and the Pentagon in
Washington, D.C., politicians
and military officials in the United
States dealt with a bizarre new aspect
of homeland defense — a series of
actual and possible biological attacks Story by Heike Hasenauer
involving anthrax.
Their concerns were not un-
founded. Several of the terrorists nosed with, and eventually die from, Work at the affected sites tempo-
involved in the Sept. 11 attacks had the disease. rarily ceased as FBI agents swept
shown a peculiar interest in the Medical officials, FBI investigators entire buildings for contaminants and
capabilities of cropduster aircraft to and postal workers quickly reacted as clues that could lead them to the
dispense large amounts of chemicals America was challenged by the first perpetrators.
over wide areas. real test of its ability to respond to The House of Representatives shut
A few weeks after the attacks — chemical-biological warfare on the down for five days and hundreds of
almost as though U.S. speculation homefront. people lined up to be tested and
about a possible chemical-biological In subsequent days, anthrax- receive doses of antibiotics.
attack on America could have caused it contaminated letters targeted network As department heads and supervi-
to happen — letters containing pow- news studios in New York, affecting sors around the country issued warn-
dery substances started turning up at assistants to CBS news anchor Dan ings and published procedures to
five different locations across the Rather and NBC news anchor Tom safeguard those who handle mail, the
country. Brokaw. Aides to Senate Majority U.S. Army Medical Research Institute
Bob Stevens, a photo editor at Leader Tom Daschle were also of Infectious Diseases at Fort Detrick,
American Media Inc., in Boca Raton, exposed to anthrax as the tainted mail Md., became involved.
Fla., was the first person to be diag- reached offices on Capitol Hill. Scientists with USAMRIID’s

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U.S. military officials
fully realized the ser-

AP/Wideworld phot0 (both)


vices’ vulnerability to
chemical-biological
agents during the Gulf
War, when Saddam
(Above) Capitol Hill employees
Hussein threatened to wait to be tested at the Hart Sen-
ate Office Building in Washing-
ton, D.C., a day after mail deliv-
use such weapons ered to the facility tested posi-
tive for anthrax.
against coalition forces. (Left) After one anthrax fatality
and several exposures in Florida,
At that time, 150,000 state agencies began testing
suspicious packages. Here a
U.S. troops were vacci- Florida Department of Agricul-
ture employee swabs a sample
onto a culture dish to test for the
nated against anthrax. . presence of anthrax.

hrax Threat
Over a two-week period in Octo-
ber, the FBI investigated some 2,300
anthrax hoaxes, the agency reported.
But not all occurrences were
hoaxes. Soon after the Centers for
Disease Control in Atlanta, Ga.,
reported two documented cases of
anthrax in Florida, a third case in that
state was identified. And by Oct. 21,
the CDC reported that nine people had
contracted the disease and 32 others
Diagnostic Systems Division per- USAMRIID researchers are had tested positive for anthrax expo-
formed diagnostic tests for bacillus currently working to develop improved sure — meaning anthrax spores had
anthracis, the agent that causes an- anthrax vaccines, and vaccines against been found in their nasal passages.
thrax, said Chuck Dasey, a spokesman Venezuelan equine encephalitis and Three of the cases were inhalation
for the U.S. Army Medical Research botulism, among others. The institute anthrax, the most deadly kind.
and Materiel Command, to which also assists the World Health Organi- Most of those exposed — 28 of the
USAMRIID belongs. zation and the Centers for Disease 32 at press time — worked in offices
The laboratory routinely tests Control in the investigation of unusual on Capitol Hill, said Deputy Surgeon
medical and environmental samples in disease outbreaks. General Dr. Kenneth Moritsugu. CDC
support of public-health and law- In October, USAMRIID scientists, officials at the same time made clear
enforcement agencies. USAMRIID’s civilian health professionals, FBI that the finding did not mean those
primary mission is to develop medical investigators and others dealt with an people had the disease or would
countermeasures — including vac- outbreak of another kind — not develop it.
cines, diagnostics, therapeutics and contagious and not usually deadly, but Most disturbing, perhaps, was the
information to protect service members purposely planted by terrorists intent Oct. 30 inhalation anthrax death of a
from biological threats and naturally on disrupting the day-to-day operations New York City hospital worker with
occurring infectious diseases. of well-chosen groups. no known connection to any of the

February 2002 5

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Soldiers’ health is moni-

Heike Hasenauer
General, said: “Soldiers going to a
tored closely throughout
their careers, and the an- threat area will be vaccinated against
thrax vaccination program anthrax.”
is another way in which He said the June 2001 Defense
combat readiness and indi- Department anthrax policy is un-
vidual health are assured. changed. For complete policy informa-
tion, go to www.anthrax.osd.mil.
closely with Pennsylva- Tens of thousands of U.S. soldiers
nia Gov. Tom Ridge, were vaccinated during the Gulf War.
who directs the newly And in 1998 Defense Secretary
created Homeland William Cohen approved a plan to
Security Office. vaccinate all soldiers, including those
President George W. in the Reserve and National Guard,
Bush charged that office against anthrax.
with the critical task of Anthrax vaccinations, currently
hammering out a plan to available only to military members,
defeat terrorist threats in were limited to “designated special-
the United States — mission units, a very small number of
among them, the chemi- highly specialized people,”
cal-biological warfare Grabenstein said of the anthrax-
threat. vaccination situation in the Army in
“I don’t want to get October 2001.
into the details,” White Each dose of the vaccine, given in
told reporters Oct. 12 six shots over an 18-month period,
after meeting with Ridge followed by an annual booster shot, “is
for the first time. He did say, how- like walking up a set of steps; complete
previous infection sites. At press ever, that the military’s role would be coverage comes only after the sixth
time, she was the fourth person to die to support the “11 million civilian step,” Grabenstein said. “But soldiers
from the more virulent pulmonary form first-responders in the United States can be sure they are protected. Each
of the disease. who deal primarily with emergencies. dose allows the body to continue to
Despite the deaths, agency officials “We have units that are capable of
attempted to put the anthrax threat into dealing with chemical,
perspective. biological and nuclear
“Some 20,000 people die from the devices,” said White, who, as
flu every year,” one official said. “And Army secretary, is respon-
inhalation anthrax is so rare that it’s sible for ensuring soldiers are
been seen only 18 times in this country appropriately trained and
in the last 100 years.” ready to defend America.
Nonetheless, U.S. officials didn’t He’s also responsible for
want to be caught unprepared for a how soldiers are used to
potential widespread anthrax attack. defend the homefront.
Health and Human Services Secretary U.S. military officials
Tommy Thompson asked Congress to released little information
allocate $600 million to build the U.S. about which soldiers and
supply of Ciprofloxicin, the antibiotic units would be vaccinated
most often used to thwart the disease. against anthrax, to preclude
Thompson also asked for $500 million identifying specific units
The Anthrax Threat

to replenish the U.S. supply of small- deployed to Pakistan and


pox vaccine. Uzbekistan. The Central
Meantime, Bayer, the pharmaceuti- Asian nations are staging
cal giant that manufactures Cipro, areas for U.S. forces support-
operated its factories around the clock ing operations against
to produce 15 million of the tablets per Afghanistan, the country
day, a Bayer official said. The aim was harboring prime terrorist
to provide enough of the antibiotic to suspect Osama bin Laden.
Heike Hasenauer

treat as many as 12 million people for But LTC John


60 days. Grabenstein, deputy director
On Oct. 2, Secretary of the Army of the Anthrax Vaccine
Thomas E. White was named the Immunization Program
Defense Department’s interim execu- Agency and a member of the By knowing and practicing proper NBC procedures,
tive agent for homeland security, a Operations Directorate in the soldiers give themselves an edge should they face
position that would allow him to work Office of the Surgeon anthrax or other biological and chemical threats.

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develop antibodies. So each shot is
beneficial.”
The vaccine, called Anthrax Knowing the Enemy
C
Vaccine Adsorbed, AVA, is a “cell- HEMICAL and biological weapons expert Jonathan B.
free filtrate, produced from a strain of Tucker, author of “Scourge: The Once and Future
anthrax that does not cause disease,” Threat of Smallpox,” said in a recent Time magazine
DOD officials said. interview that once the inhaled anthrax bacteria enters the body,
AVA for humans was developed in it travels into the tiny air sacs in the lungs, where it lodges and
the United States in the 1950s and disseminates.”
1960s, and was licensed by the U.S. The bacteria then produce toxins that cause the
Food and Drug Administration in illness in the host. “First you see nonspecific flu-like
1970. Since then, it’s been “safely and symptoms. Then, in hours or in a few days, some patients
routinely administered to wool-mill will have a brief period of recovery,” Tucker said. “Others
workers, veterinarians, laboratory progress directly to the second stage of the disease,
workers, livestock handlers and U.S. which generally leads to shock, massive swelling of
service members,” FDA officials said. lymph nodes and hemorrhagic meningitis [bleeding in the
To date, no long-term side effects brain].”
have been reported, nor have studies of While the incidence of inhalation anthrax is rare, CDC
“Gulf War Illness” found any correla- officials said, the spores are long lasting. The incubation
tion between it and the vaccine, DOD period for onset of the disease is short, and disability is
officials said. severe. Ninety percent of its victims die. This is, therefore,
One in about 200,000 people may the form of anthrax most often studied by chemical-
experience side effects serious enough biological threat experts.
to result in hospitalization, according Cutaneous anthrax — the type transmitted through a
to a CDC report. About one in 100,000 break in the skin — manifests itself as skin lesions. If left
experience an allergic reaction. untreated, this form of the infection may spread into the blood-
The vaccine works by preventing stream and cause shock and, finally, death. While 95 percent of
the anthrax bacteria from growing and the world’s anthrax cases are cutaneous, the chance of dying as
producing toxins that lead to the a result of this form of the disease is about one in 100,000, CDC
disease, Dasey said. officials said.
In tests of rhesus monkeys that Neither form of the disease is contagious and both can be
were exposed to inhalation treated in their early stages, medical experts said. But, again,
anthrax, even a partial dose inhalation anthrax is usually fatal, even when a
of the vaccine was effec- victim has been treated with antibiotics.
tive at preventing the Symptoms of anthrax generally occur one to six days after
disease for as long as two exposure, CDC officials said. But they can occur as early as 24
years, according to a recent hours or as late as seven weeks after the victim has inhaled
USAMRIID report. bacteria-infected spores.
USAMRIID has one of Fueling the flames of anxiety over anthrax is the fact that it’s
only a few maximum difficult to diagnose, because it starts off like a respiratory illness
biological containment with vague symptoms. Then it progresses rapidly, causing fever,
facilities in the United coughing and overall weakness. Difficulty breathing, shock and
States and can therefore death follow, CDC experts said. — Heike Hasenauer
study deadly viruses, such as
two strains of Ebola —
Ebola-Zaire and Ebola- basically risking the virus is tough to kill, said Dr.
Sudan. USAMRIID won their own lives to Graham Pearson, head of Britain’s
acclaim as the laboratory involved in protect the population at large — was chemical and biological defense
testing hundreds of imported Philip- the basis for the bestselling book “The establishment during the Gulf War.
pine monkeys that died of a 1989 Hot Zone.” Most microorganisms die quickly
Ebola outbreak in an animal quarantine U.S. military officials fully realized when exposed to sunlight or high
facility in Reston, Va. the services’ vulnerability to chemical- temperatures, Pearson said, but anthrax
Researchers discovered that the biological agents during the Gulf War, can survive boiling water and has been
particular strain of Ebola — which when Saddam Hussein threatened to known to live in contaminated soil for
became known as Ebola-Reston — use such weapons against coalition decades.
does not cause disease in humans. forces. At that time, 150,000 U.S. Normally associated with plant-
Although four employees of the troops were vaccinated against an- eating animals, especially livestock,
quarantine facility became infected thrax, said Lyn Kukral, a spokes- the virus is controlled through animal-
with the virus, none became ill. woman for the Office of the Surgeon vaccination programs, but still occurs
That outbreak — and the profes- General. in countries where animals are not
sionals involved in removing monkey Anthrax tops DOD’s list of biologi- vaccinated, chiefly in Africa, Asia and
carcasses and performing autopsies, cal warfare agents for another reason; the Middle East, CDC officials said.

February 2002 7

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Briefings Compiled by SFC Lisa Beth Snyder
Washington, D.C. the deputy chief of staff for pro-
grams will be G8.
on America Army Realigns White expects 700 to 800
Headquarters positions to be eliminated in the
realignment, but he said the
Operation Noble Eagle THE Army will streamline its purpose was to streamline the
staff at the Pentagon and cen- decision-making process, not
AT press time, more than 17,300 Army National Guard and to cut jobs. In fact, he said, the
tralize installation manage-
Army Reserve soldiers had been called up to provide security military positions eliminated at
ment, Secretary of the Army
at airports and other facilities around the country. the Pentagon will be redistrib-
Thomas E. White said.
On Dec. 11, soldiers around the world remembered the uted to the field and the money
Funding for installations will
victims of the Sept. 11 attacks with a moment of silence and saved by eliminating redundant
now come directly from the Pen-
the playing of the national anthem. civilian positions will help fund
tagon instead of through the
Mail delivery resumed to the Pentagon on Nov. 26, more priority Army requirements.
major commands, White said.
than a month after it was interrupted because anthrax was White said about 10,000
This will standardize funding lev-
found at the Washington, D.C., facility that processes the positions could be transferred
els and free up the MACOMs to
Pentagon’s mail. The mail is now screened and X-rayed to major commands under the
focus on their primary missions.
before delivery to recipients in the building. realignment, which resulted
Garrison commanders will
report to the Army’s assistant from a four-month study and is
Operation Enduring Freedom chief of staff for installation man-
agement through eight regional
part of the larger Army Trans-
formation that began in 1999.
ON Oct. 19, two Army rangers were killed in a helicopter directors. Each of the new geo- The realignment will more
accident in Pakistan. The soldiers were supporting raids on a graphic regions will have 20 to fully integrate the Army National
Taliban site in Kandahar, Afghanistan. 26 installations. Guard and Army Reserve into
On Nov. 14, U.S. forces rescued eight people, including “That’s probably the most key positions of authority, to
two Americans, who were being held by the Taliban. controversial part of this trans- better address key issues and
On Nov. 26, four soldiers and one airman were injured by formation,” said Army Vice concerns of all components.
U.S. bombs as they helped Afghan opposition forces put Chief of Staff GEN John Keane The realignment began in
down a prison riot near Mazar-e Sharif. about eliminating MACOM December and will be fully
On Dec. 5, three special forces soldiers were killed and 19 staffs from the day-to-day con- implemented by next summer,
were injured when a U.S. bomb missed its target north of cerns of installation manage- White said. The U.S. Army Au-
Kandahar. ment. “It dramatically changes dit Agency will monitor the
On Dec. 7, 200 rangers returned to Fort Benning, Ga., the way we do business.” implementation and account for
from Afghanistan. At the Pentagon, White alignment resources. — Army
Throughout late December, U.S. military forces contin- said his secretariat will be News Service
ued working with Afghan forces in the hunt for Al Qaeda troops aligned with Army staff direc-
in the Tora Bora region of eastern Afghanistan. torates. The principals of each Washington
Soldiers of the 10th Mountain Division provided force protec- ARSTAFF element will become
tion at a former Soviet base outside of Kabul, Afghanistan. the military deputy to the corre- NCO-ER Gets New
Members of the Army Reserve in Germany packed the
parachutes for humanitarian airdrops over Afghanistan, as
sponding assistant secretary.
And the principal staffs will be
Rating Options
well as working with active-duty soldiers and German soldiers renamed G1 through G8. For THE revised regulation on the
to prepare the supplies for shipment. The soldiers packed instance, the deputy chief of Noncommissioned Officer
between 100,000 and 200,000 pounds of supplies a day. staff for personnel will answer Evaluation Report gives sol-
The Army and Air Force Exchange Service has set up to the assistant secretary of the diers new rating options.
tactical field exchanges stores in Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, the Army for manpower and re- The last revision to the
United Arab Emirates, Pakistan and Uzbekistan. Seventeen serve affairs. And DCSPER will NCO-ER under Army regula-
AAFES staff members volunteered for the deployment. be called G1. tion 623-205 occurred in 1992.
The Department of Defense expanded the list of areas in The deputy chief of staff for This revision incorporates the
which soldiers are eligible for imminent-danger pay or hard- intelligence will be G2. Opera- new NCO-ER, DA Form 2166-
ship duty pay. Kyrgyzstan, Oman, the United Arab Emirates tions and plans will be G3 and 8, and the NCO Counseling and
and Uzbekistan were declared imminent-danger areas. Sol- the deputy chief of staff for lo- Checklist, DA Form 2166-8-1.
diers in Afghanistan, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Kyrgyzstan and gistics will be G4. The director Shortening the time re-
Uzbekistan qualify for hardship-duty pay. — Compiled from of information systems for com- quired for completing the re-
Army and DOD sources mand, control, communications port is one of the changes in the
and computers will be G6, and new regulation, and it will be

8 Soldiers

SM08-11 8 1/14/02, 10:10 AM


one of the most pertinent for only rater input is valid and is option. It will be granted in in- If active-duty personnel, in-
NCOs, said SGM Anthony still reviewed by promotion- stances when NCOs are de- cluding Coast Guard and acti-
Everette, chief of the Enlisted board members, but it doesn’t ployed overseas for 14 months vated reserve-component
Evaluations Branch. offer the individual the benefit or less and have more than 59 members, can’t visit the parks
NCOs in the zone of con- of the senior rater comments, days but less than 90 days un- during the special period, their
sideration for promotion who Everette said. der their current rater. The rater spouses may purchase the
have been in their current as- On the NCO-ER’s Part V, may initiate a 60-day short tour special-offer tickets once dur-
signments at least 90 days will “Overall Performance and Po- option report. ing the period for up to five
be able to get a complete-the- tential,” the senior rater has to A major change to the family members and friends.
record report for promotion- mark a numeral from one to NCO-ER is that the values un- In addition, Universal Stu-
board members to see. five, with one being the highest, der Part V of the form now dios is offering free admission
Two optional reports are to rate the NCO’s performance reflect the seven Army core for active-duty personnel be-
also being added to the regula- and potential for promotion. values. Both the new NCO-ER tween Jan. 1 and April 30, 2002.
tion: the senior-rater-option re- Having senior-rater com- and Counseling Checklist are For the Florida parks, mili-
port and 60-day-short-tour-op- ments on the NCO-ER is ex- available online at www.usapa. tary personnel may use a four-
tion report. tremely important for NCOs army.mil/forms/forms3.html. day pass that will be accepted
Previously, a change of being considered for promotion. The regulation changes are at Universal Studios, Islands
rater could generate a new re- The other optional report to also outlined on the U.S. Total of Adventure, and Wet ‘n Wild.
port, but not a change of senior be added to the revised regula- Army Personnel Command Up to five family members may
rater. An NCO-ER containing tion is the 60-day short-tour website at www-perscom purchase the four-day pass for
.army.mil/ under MILPER mes- $71.50, plus tax. Shorter-term
Army Heritage sages. — ARNEWS passes may be purchased at a
50-percent discount.
Belvoir to Host Army Museum Alexandria, Va. The offer also applies to
Universal Studios Hollywood.
FORT Belvoir, Va., was chosen by Secretary of the Army Park Deals for Soldiers, Spouses and family members
Thomas E. White as the site of the National Museum of the
U.S. Army, scheduled to open in June 2009.
Families of personnel deployed over-
seas in support of Operation
Currently the U.S. Army Center of Military History at WALT Disney World is offering Enduring Freedom may take
Fort McNair in Washington, D.C., oversees 61 Army free admission to active-duty advantage of this offer without
museums and museum activities located on Army instal- military personnel from Jan. 1 being accompanied by the ser-
lations throughout the world. to April 30 at its California and vice member.
The Army, however, has no centralized museum dedi- Florida attractions during For more information, con-
cated to preserving and displaying the Army’s heritage. “Disney’s Armed Forces Sa- tact your installation MWR of-
Each of the Army’s sister services either already has a lute.” fice or contact Dan Yount at
centralized museum or is in the process of building one. Family members’ admis- the U.S. Army Community and
Construction of the Army museum will be funded sion tickets will be half price, Family Support Center via e-
privately through the Army Historical Foundation — a and all tickets will be valid for a mail to Dan.Yount@cfsc.
nonprofit organization dedicated to preserving the Army’s week from the date of issue. army.mil. — USACFSC PAO
heritage, said Steve Bavisotto, chief of museum programs
for CMH’s museum division. CMH officials expect that the
Courtesy Walt Disney Co.

museum will cost about $90 million to build.


Fort Belvoir had earlier been ruled out as a possible
site for the museum because officials felt the installation
was too far from downtown Washington. But the post
gained new support in 1999 when Sen. Strom Thurmond
introduced legislation aimed at locating the museum there.
In his bill, Thurmond said the post’s proximity to the
nation’s capital and Mount Vernon make it a most suitable
location.
Fort Belvoir also met the 17 criteria established by a
site-selection committee — including it’s accessibility to
public transportation and proximity to Washington — be-
fore winning approval from the National Capital Planning
Commission. — ARNEWS The Walt Disney Company is offering special pricing for military
families at its California and Florida attractions.

February 2002 9

SM08-11 9 1/14/02, 10:12 AM


Briefings
When the system is com- Students in the officer and
pleted in 2003, there will be 700 NCO education systems, as
classrooms equipped to receive well as distance-learning
or originate interactive video courses, will be given E-Cards.
and computer-based training Soldiers enrolled in
across the network. eArmyU are issued computers

Personnel Update
Army Enacts Partial “Stop-Loss”
AN Armywide “stop-loss” program will keep soldiers in
selected MOSs — mainly those in special operations and
some in aviation — from leaving the service.
This selective stop-loss program allows the Army to
retain soldiers with critical skills beyond their dates of
separation for an open-ended period, officials said. They
explained that soldiers affected by the order generally may
not retire or leave the service as long as reserves are called
to active duty or until relieved by the president, whichever
The WHINSEC, which replaced the Cold War-era School of the comes first.
Americas, is celebrating its first anniversary. The enlisted specialties affected by this decision in-
clude MOSs 18B, special forces weapons sergeant; 18C,
Fort Benning, Ga. Fort Monroe, Va. special forces engineer sergeant; 18D, special forces medi-
cal sergeant; 18E, special forces communications ser-
New School Celebrates E-Card Will Help With geant; 18F, special forces assistant operations and intelli-
First Anniversary Studies gence sergeant; 18Z, special forces senior sergeant; 00Z
with Career Management Field 18 background; 67U, CH-47
THE Western Hemisphere In- SOLDIERS in professional-de- helicopter repairer; 92M, mortuary affairs specialist; Re-
stitute for Security Coopera- velopment courses will soon serve MOS 37F, psychological operations specialist; and
tion, which replaced the Cold be given a credit-card-size E- Reserve MOS 38A, civil affairs specialist.
War-era School of the Ameri- Card to help them with research The commissioned officer specialties affected are in
cas, has educated 700 students projects. Career Management Fields 18, special forces commis-
in it first year of operation. The E-Card fits into a sioned officers, in the active and ready reserve compo-
The students — who come computer’s CD-ROM drive. nents; 39, psychological operations commissioned officers
from the Americas and are mili- When inserted, it will automati- on active-duty and the reserves; and 38, civil affairs com-
tary and law-enforcement of- cally show the links to military missioned officers in the reserves.
ficers and civilian leaders — websites and other distance- Warrant officers affected by the stop-loss include those
learn about human rights, se- learning resources. When the in MOS 180A, special forces, and aviation warrant officers
curity and democracy. soldier clicks on the name of with the following specialties: 152C, OH-6 scout pilot; 153D,
Courses include medical- the website, the connection is UH-60 pilot; 153E, MH-60 pilot; 154C, CH-47D pilot; and
assistance training, disaster made. 154E, MH-47 pilot.
relief, counter-narcotics, bor- “The cards will be given to The stop-loss will also affect all warrant officers with the
der observation, peacekeeping soldiers attending courses following Additional Skill Identifiers: K4, special operations
and human-rights training. above the basic training and aviation; K5, MH-60K pilot; and K6, MH-47E pilot.
Civilian professors and mili- advanced individual training No new requests for separation will be accepted from
tary and State Department in- levels,” said COL Christopher soldiers in categories affected by the stop-loss. Most involun-
structors teach the courses at Olson, director of the Training tary discharges will not be affected by stop-loss, nor will
Fort Benning. Development and Analysis Ac- stop-loss change any Army policies or regulations currently
The courses are taught in tivity within U.S. Army Training in effect that might lead to an administrative or medical
Spanish, but school officials and Doctrine Command. Olson discharge.
hope to add English-language oversees development of the Additionally, officials said the selective stop-loss does
instruction as more English- Army Distance Learning Pro- not affect soldiers who meet their mandatory retirement
speaking students attend the gram, for which the E-Card was dates. — ARNEWS
institute. — WHINSEC PAO developed.

10 Soldiers

SM08-11 10 1/4/02, 9:17 AM


preloaded with the E-Card in- the Web sites on the E-Card “The ceremony was really other survivors and medical
formation. They should keep are displayed. — ARNEWS very simple,” said an Olympic personnel despite being injured
the cards they’re given, offi- official. “One flame, one torch, when their office was destroyed.
cials said. When soldiers take Washington, D.C. one moment of remembrance • SGT Gary Massoud, a
future courses, they can use and tribute and one group united member of The Old Guard, who
them again. If the system has Olympic Torch Pauses At in conquering the future.” served tirelessly along with his
added or deleted website links,
the card will be automatically
Pentagon The ceremony began when
Navy Chief Petty Officer Ber-
platoon during the recovery
operations in the support area
updated when it’s inserted into THE Salt Lake 2002 Olympic nard Brown — whose 11-year- at the Pentagon.
a CD-ROM drive. Torch Relay paused at the Pen- old son was killed aboard Ameri- • Teresa Maude, wife of
The E-Card is based on tagon Dec. 21 and for the first can Airlines Flight 77 — ran LTG Timothy Maude, who rep-
similar cards used in industry. time ever, before the next torch- through a row of soldiers from resented the spouses of vic-
On the plain side, the playing bearer began his stint in the the 3rd U.S. Infantry (The Old tims of the Pentagon attack.
side, is a raised circle that fits relay, the torch was handed to Guard). Brown then passed the Maude was the deputy chief of
into the CD recess in the com- 13 others whose lives were af- Olympic flame to the first of 13 staff for personnel.
puter. Once the E-Card fits into fected by the terrorist attack on others whose lives were • COL Philip McNair, ex-
the recess and the tray is closed, the Pentagon. changed by the Sept. 11 attack. ecutive officer to the deputy
After a moment of silence, chief of staff for personnel, who
Army Remembers the last of the 13 passed the helped his coworkers evacuate
torch to SSG Christopher the burning building and then
Former SMA Dies Braman, a Pentagon cook who
helped evacuate the building.
went back to the first floor to
help save seven sailors.
RETIRED SMA Silas L. Copeland, 81, died Dec. 4 in Conroe, He held the torch high and is • Keith Morris, the 17-year-
Texas, following a brief illness. one of 11,500 torchbearers to old son of Odessa Morris, a
A veteran of World War II and the Korean and Vietnam carry the flame. budget analyst killed in the Of-
wars, Copeland was the third sergeant major of the Army, Army participants who fice of the Deputy Chief of Staff
serving from October 1970 until his retirement in June 1973. passed the Olympic torch at the of the Army for Personnel, who
Secretary of the Army Thomas E. White said that with Pentagon included: represented the children of the
Copeland’s death both the Army and the nation have lost a • LTC Brian Birdwell, mili- Pentagon dead.
patriot, a soldier and a role model. tary assistant to the deputy as- • SGT Kenneth Noe from
“His legacy endures today in our great noncommis- sistant chief of staff for Installa- the Military District of
sioned office corps — the envy of every military in the world,” tion Management. He sustained Washington’s Engineer Com-
White said. burns to more than 40 percent pany, the Army’s only collapsed
Army Chief of Staff Eric K. of his body. building rescue company. Noe
Shinseki said Copeland will be • Carl Mahnken and David and members of his unit spent
remembered first and foremost Theall, public affairs specialists long hours and days sifting
as a great soldier. for the Office of the Chief of through the debris to locate and
“SMA Copeland was a Public Affairs, who assisted recover victims. — ARNEWS
highly respected leader, a dig-
nified man and a visionary
Linda D. Kozaryn
whose positive and very pro-
found influence on the charac-
ter of our noncommissioned
officer corps thrives nearly 30
years after his retirement,”
Shinseki said. SMA Silas Copeland
SMA Jack Tilley, the 12th
sergeant major of the Army, credited Copeland with leading
the Army through the difficult period following the Vietnam
War, when the service reduced its strength from 1.3 million
in 1970 to 788,000 three years later. The period also saw the
Army transition to an all-volunteer force.
“SMA Copeland knew and understood soldiers, and he
was instrumental in the quality-of-life initiatives that made the David Theall passes the Olympic Torch to Army SGT Christopher
all-volunteer Army work,” Tilley said. — ARNEWS Braman during the ceremony honoring the heroes and 184 vic-
tims of the Sept. 11 Pentagon attack.

February 2002 11

SM08-11 11 1/14/02, 10:14 AM


DEFENDING

Members of Minnesota’s Weapons of


Mass Destruction Civil Response Team
search an area for “suspected contami-
nants” during their final certification at
Fort Leonard Wood, Mo.

12 Soldiers

SM12-14 12 12/28/01, 7:40 AM


The Home Front Story by MSG Bob Haskell Photos by Paul Disney

T HE Sept. 11 terrorist attacks on America created a critical


and urgent need for beefed-up security nationwide.
Soon after the attacks, Army Chief of Staff GEN Eric K.
Shinseki told National Guard officials he wanted 17 new civil
support teams — which can respond to chemical, biological and
radiological threats anywhere in the country — ready to support
homeland security. They were to supplement 10 existing CSTs.
By mid-November, 14 of the 17 teams had been organized to
help firefighters, police and other civilian emergency responders.
Then, months ahead of schedule, the teams were evaluated at Fort
Leonard Wood, Mo.
Three other teams that have been organized and trained since
spring 2000 were, at press time, scheduled to undergo their final
tests for certification in early 2002, said LTC Gordon Fuller of the
Tennessee Army National Guard.
Additionally, the Defense Department authorized full-time
teams to be certified in Alabama, Kansas, Michigan, Tennessee and
West Virginia in 2003. Twenty-four federally certified CSTs were
on duty by November, as were thousands of Guard soldiers pulling
security with police at 424 commercial airports.
President George W. Bush had announced that Guard soldiers
would reinforce airport security checkpoints for up to six months,
and he promised to increase the National Guard security force to
8,000 for the holiday season.
Guard soldiers patrolled
railroad stations, bridges and
Senior Master Sgt. Chris Martin

tunnels. And state governors


had called on Army and Air
National Guard troops to help
protect key structures in
America’s transportation
system, from Grand Central and
Pennsylvania stations in New
York City to San Francisco’s
Golden Gate Bridge.
Guard troops also reinforced
security at nuclear power
plants. And District of Colum-
D.C. National Guard soldiers were called up bia Army Guard military police
to provide security for the Capitol Building, helped U.S. Capitol Police
something which hadn’t happened since
the rioting of 1968. provide security around the
nation’s capital.
In New York, meantime, some 200 Guard soldiers were called
up for 90 days of security duty at the U.S. Military Academy at
West Point.
And the CSTs from Colorado, Massachusetts and Texas are
MSG Bob Haskell works at the National Guard Bureau Public Affairs Office in Arlington, Va.

February 2002 13

SM12-14 13 12/28/01, 7:42 AM


providing security for the Winter mobile lab and bio-chemical testing that could create more terror for New
Olympic Games in Utah. equipment that we don’t yet have. York City.
Earlier, the New York CST became “We were always prepared to deal “Most of the Guard troops are
part of the massive security force for with explosives,” said Graham, whose working on the Brooklyn end of the
the New York City Marathon and the team was among those that responded bridges, because we’re more con-
three World Series games played at when bombs blasted the World Trade cerned about trucks going into Man-
Yankee Stadium. And the first of Center in 1993 and the Alfred P. hattan,” said New York Police Sgt.
California’s two CSTs was pressed Murrah Federal Building in 1995. Stephen Patino. “They can’t take any
into service for the four World-Series Requests for CST assistance direct action unless a police officer is
games in Phoenix, Ariz. mounted when anthrax spores began present.”
New York’s 2nd CST — one of the showing up in the mail and people They were, however, in the right
nation’s original 10 — introduced began theorizing about the possibility places at the right time to help civilian
federal and state agencies to the CSTs of more-deadly biological agents being authorities close the bridges and
in general the day the two hijacked released in the environment. tunnels leading to Manhattan on Nov.
jetliners toppled the World Trade Even before it was federally 12, after American Airlines Flight 587
Center in lower Manhattan. certified, the Minnesota team was crashed into a Queens neighborhood
Members of the team spent several asked by Gov. Jesse Ventura to test moments after taking off from JFK
days testing “Ground Zero” for parts of the state capitol, the International Airport.
chemical and biological agents amid governor’s mansion and state mail “You’re up to the challenge. You
the smoking rubble and reassuring centers for anthrax, said Air Guard Lt. are doing the job. We are so proud of
other emergency workers that terrorists Col. Earl Juskowiak, the team’s you,” N.Y. Governor George Pataki
had not used any of the deadly agents commander. The tests were all nega- told Guard troops gathered at New
in the attack. tive. York City’s Park Avenue Armory.
“I like this Guard team because it New York Guard soldiers, mean- “It’s not practice. It’s not training.
trains to do this 365 while, were searching a steady stream It’s not anything but the real thing,”
days a year,” said of rental trucks and other vehicles said MG George Garrett, commander
Thomas Graham, randomly selected by police officers of the New York Army Guard’s 42nd
commander of the before being allowed to cross the East Infantry Division. He is leading the
New York Police River into Manhattan. Guard troops task force that is helping to protect
Department’s were making sure that drivers’ licenses America’s largest city. “We’re running
Disorder Control and paperwork were in order, and that this just as if we were in Afghanistan
Team. “It has a the vehicles weren’t carrying cargo getting ready to roll out our tanks.”

Members of the Virginia National Guard’s 1st Battalion, 116th Infantry, begin a security shift at Dulles International Airport outside
Washington, D.C. Dulles was the departure point for the airliner that slammed into the Pentagon on Sept. 11.

14 Soldiers

SM12-14 14 12/28/01, 7:43 AM


SPC Doug Driessen
SPC Jeremy Teela

Story by Douglas Ide Photos by Robert Trubia

A FTER garnering slots on U.S.


Winter Olympic teams eight
soldier-athletes will be represent-
ing the United States at the 2002
Winter Olympic Games in Utah.
SGT Kristina Sabasteanski

were SPC Doug Driessen,


SPC Doug Sharp and SPC Mike SGT Scott Doughty, SSG
Kohn earned slots on the U.S. Olympic Dan Westover, 1LT Robert
men’s bobsled team, while SPC Jill Rosser and 1LT Curtis Schreiner.
Bakken earned a place on the women’s Four soldiers — two women and
bob sled team. two men — had earned slots on U.S.
National Guard soldiers earned five national bobsled teams, allowing
of the eight slots on the biathlon team. them to compete for spots on the U.S.
Two other Guard soldiers are alternates Olympic team.
for the U.S. team. The 2002 Winter Olympics will
SGT Lawton Redman and SPC be the first to have women’s bobsled
Jeremy Teela will represent the men in as a medal sport. Women compete in
Utah, along with two civilian team the two-woman competition only,
members. SGT Kristina Sabasteanski, which includes a driver and a push
SPC Kara Salmela and SPC Andrea athlete/brakeman. The Army had one
Nahrgang will compete with one driver, SPC Jill Bakken, and one four-man team USA II, while a
civilian team member on the women’s brakeman, SPC Shauna Rohbock, still third soldier was named an alternate
team. competing for positions on the for the USA II team.
Olympic trials were held at Soldier women’s team in December. Sidepushers SPC Michel Kohn
Hollow, Utah. The trials were open to Competing together, the two U.S. and SPC Douglas Sharp, along with
any eligible athlete who had achieved Army World Class athletes captured brakeman Jeff Laynes and driver
85 points on the autumn 2001 National first place at the U.S. Bobsled Brian Shimer, placed second during
Points list. Besides Nahrgang, other National Team Trial, coming from a the first day of their competition and
WCAP soldiers who met this criteria second-place finish on the first day of third on the second day, finishing
the trials to win the competition on second overall.
Douglas Ide works for the U.S. Army Community and day two. SPC Steven Holcomb was named
Family Support Center in Alexandria, Va. Robert Trubia is
a Vermont-based free-lancer. Two soldiers earned slots on the an alternate for USA II.

February 2002 15

SM15 15 1/14/02, 10:21 AM


Rocky Moun
Story by 2nd Lt. Virgil Magee

“ This is a good value for


our members who want
to have a good time in
the Colorado outdoors,”

T HE Department of Defense has a new


resort destination available to service
members and civilian employees
looking for snow-filled winter
recreation or summertime sports activities.
Rocky Mountain Blue, a partnership
between U.S. Air Force Space Command,
the U.S. Air Force Academy and Keystone
Resorts in Keystone, Colo., opened Nov. 5.
The facility offers a variety of discounts to
active-duty and reserve-component service
members, retirees, and DOD and non-
appropriated fund civilians.
RMB is the first step in determining if
there is a market for a government-owned
resort in the Colorado area, a decision that
will be made in two or three years.
Keystone’s 1,749 acres are served by 22
ski lifts, including two high-speed, six-
passenger gondolas and three high-speed,
four-passenger chair lifts.
Located just 90 minutes west of Denver,
RMB is focused on outdoor activities such
as skiing, horseback riding, mountain
biking, hiking, ice-skating and golf. But it
also advertises itself as “a mountain experi-
ence unlike any other, a year-round resort
with two bustling villages that offer lodging,
shopping, restaurants, nightlife, events and
much more.”
“This is a good value for our members
who want to have a good time in the Colo-
rado outdoors,” said Col. Dave Estill, Air
Force Space Command’s director of ser-
vices.
Keystone includes three mountains with
groomed terrain that will test skiers and
Air Force 2nd Lt. Virgil Magee works for U.S. Air Force Space
Command Public Affairs at Peterson Air Force Base, Colo.

16 Soldiers

SM16-17 16 12/28/01, 8:01 AM


n tain Blue
snowboarders of all levels and abilities.
The premier trail, “North Peak,” features
several steep plunges that may be
especially attractive to advanced skiers.
But the resort also offers lessons for
beginners — including one class for 3-
year-olds.
The resort is home to the largest
single-mountain night skiing experience
in North America. Three lifts serve 288
acres of terrain until 8 p.m.
Visitors can also skate all day and
evening on the five-acre Keystone Lake,
the largest outdoor-maintained ice rink in
the country.
Finally, for those who don’t wish to
indulge in snow sports, horse-drawn
sleighs and stagecoaches take visitors for
rides through the Snake River Valley to
an authentic 1860s Old West cabin,
where cowboys cook mouthwatering
dinners over a campfire.

To receive special discounts, DOD members


must book their reservations through Colorado
R and R, sales agent for Rocky Mountain Blue,
on the Internet at www.coloradorandr.com.

For additional information


about Rocky Mountain Blue,visit
http://rockymountainblue.com.
February 2002 17

SM16-17 17 1/4/02, 12:03 PM


THE NMTC
NATIONAL MAINTENA

18 Soldiers

SM18-21 18 12/31/01, 9:16 AM


NANCE TRAINING CENTER Story and Photos by SSG Jack Siemieniec

UCKED into the farmland of officers — the whole company is all


Johnston, Iowa, is a compound training. It’s all tied together,” he said.
of buildings designed not to Moffett said the units arrive for two
grow corn and soybeans, but weeks of intense, no-distraction
a crop of better Army maintenance.
mechanics and maintenance “Most of the units that come here
units. are reserve-component,” he said. “On
The National Maintenance their weekend training, a lot of
Training Center, established at the them don’t have time to get
Iowa National Guard’s Camp Dodge really involved with the mainte-
over the last nine years, is the nance aspect. If the unit comes
Army’s only facility solely designed and turns a vehicle in on Saturday,
to train whole units in direct- and by the time they get it inspected
general-support levels of mainte- and parts ordered, the weekend is
nance. over. The next month they have to
“This is all collective training,” see what parts came in. So it’s very
said MAJ Keith Moffett, the difficult for them.”
center’s executive officer. “The For active-duty units, the center
maintenance unit comes here
SSG Jack Siemieniec is an Army Reservist currently on
in total. There is a shop active duty with U.S. Central Command at MacDill Air
officer, who has to brief Force Base, Fla.
everything going on in the shop.
You’ve got warrant officers running
the shop, NCOs supervising and the
soldiers actually turning the
wrenches.”
Moffett said the center is a “turn-
key operation.” His staff, made up of
Active Guard and Reserve and active-
duty soldiers, facilitates things and is
there to answer questions when the
need arises. But it’s up to the visiting
units to take charge, schedule jobs,
repair and rebuild vehicles and their
components, order parts as needed and
replenish existing stocks for the next
group of soldiers to rotate through.
“Privates, sergeants, warrant

(Left) Wisconsin Army Guard SGT Mat-


thew Carroll of Co. B., 132nd FSB, caulks
a patch he’s just put on the undercar-
riage of a Humvee.

(Right) Tennessee Guard members SGT


Athlee Maness (left) and SGT Robert
Jarrett of the 779th Maint. Co. remove
valve springs as they disassemble an
engine.

February 2002 19

SM18-21 19 12/31/01, 9:21 AM


NMTC instructor CW2 Russell Boos (second from right) looks on as Tennessee Army
Guard soldiers check the cam shaft injector timing on a Bradley fighting vehicle.

offers a chance to work on equipment


and components they might not
normally see the rest of the year.
SFC Paul Vallarde is first sergeant
of the 94th Maintenance Company at
Fort Stewart, Ga., one of several active
units that have used the facility.
“Back at Fort Stewart, we have
five major components that we work
on, including engines and transmis-
sions,” Vallarde said. “On components
like the M1 Abrams transmission, we
“Privates, sergeants, warrant officers
don’t rebuild them because we don’t
have the proper equipment.”
— the whole company is all training.
But Vallarde said the center offers
more than equipment. It’s all tied together.”
“The good thing is when you get
here, you’re task-free,” he said. “That
is, you have no other missions than to
rebuild. Here we know that for two trained more than 18,000
weeks straight all the soldiers are soldiers, spread over almost 200
going to do is just turn wrenches, and SGT Awet Tesfagiorgis of the 94th Maint. units.
Co. at Fort Stewart, Ga., machines a fuel
you see the glow on their faces when filter neck on one of NMTC’s lathes.
Norton said the center is part of a
they walk in these doors.” four-year training cycle designed to
Moffett said the work comes from keep maintenance units proficient.
a variety of customers, including the “The only thing they’re required to The first year concentrates on indi-
Army Materiel Command’s Tank bring is their own personal protective vidual soldier skills and personnel
Automotive and Armaments Com- equipment, such as safety glasses and readiness at the unit level. The NMTC
mand, the National Guard Bureau, the safety boots,” he said. falls in the second year of the cycle,
National Training Center at Fort Irwin, The NMTC is a facility to train followed by a rotation at the NTC and
Calif., and the Joint Readiness Train- every aspect of direct and general culminating in an overseas or JRTC
ing Center at Fort Polk, La. support-level maintenance units. Its deployment. The next year the cycle
SGM Dennis Norton, the chief buildings house armament, optics, restarts, because of personnel turnover.
operations NCO for the Iowa center, machine, welding, communication- While at the NMTC, the unit is
said there are three types of mainte- electronics, and even fabric repair and evaluated on its performance, but only
nance — bay shop, job shop and paint shops. with regard to its work in the shops
assembly line. The NMTC covers the Its bays hold anything from howit- and bays and how soldiers meet the
first two. He said units have no zers getting new recoil slides to tank commander’s mission training plan.
requirement to bring their own ve- transmissions being rebuilt. “Units do get a training-assessment
hicles or tools. Since its inception, the center has model,” Norton said. There is an

20 Soldiers

SM18-21 20 1/14/02, 10:51 AM


Up-close and personal work is the norm at
NMTC. Here a mechanic disassembles a
Humvee gear hub spindle.

In NMTC’s applied trades area, Wisconsin Army Guard


NMTC’s general support maintenance bay shop area hums with a soldier SPC Brooke Lysne sands a bumper before paint-
variety of work on any given training day. ing it.

opened in 1992, and the direct-support


side followed in 1995.
“It’s more beneficial for us
to bring our unit here because
the training is more realistic,”
said CW2 Harold Renfroe, an
automotive support technician
with the Tennessee National
Guard’s 779th Maint. Co. “The
staff here is super to work with
and, if we don’t understand a part
of the training, they make sure we
understand it before we leave.”
LTC Harold Turner, the center’s
director, knows why units come here.
“Annual training is the prime-
time training for Guard and Reserve
SPC Paul Gregory (left) paints a rebuilt Humvee engine as SPC Bruce Bradford looks units. So, many times, combat service
on. Both soldiers belong to the Fort Stewart-based 94th Maint. Co. support units go to what they call
their annual training,” he said.
officer in charge in each shop, and they support and general support mainte- “They do not go to annual
look at the unit and evaluate each nance,” Moffett explained. training, they go to annual support,”
section. But if the unit goes to the Turner explained that while the he added. “Here they come to
NTC, it gets evaluated on many items active component has only four annual training. This is the
— such as how well the soldiers are general support maintenance compa- doctrinal baseline they get to
setting up camouflage and fighting nies, the National Guard has 38. come back to and say: ‘I can
positions, and how well they’re doing The National Guard Bureau gave always go support an exercise,
direct-support maintenance. the Iowa Guard the mission to develop but if I don’t have my ability to do my
“Here, all they’re getting evaluated the lanes training concept. doctrinal baseline mission, I have no
on is their ability to perform direct The general support training center other place to go.’”

February 2002 21

SM18-21 21 1/14/02, 10:59 AM


Focus on People Compiled by Heike Hasenauer
MSG Bob Haskell

— “Ground Zero” on lower Manhattan and an expan-


sive, reopened landfill on Staten Island where the
debris was being hauled.
Martindale was one of 10 New Jersey Guard and
five Naval Militia chaplains called to state active duty to
help hundreds of other Guard troops, FBI agents and
New York City police officers and firefighters deal with
their grief, their stress and their fatigue.
Faith in God and hope for better days are among the
best things Martindale and other chaplains can offer to
soothe spirits, they said.
The children, to whom Martindale had to break the
tragic news of their mother’s death, are to be adopted by
their mother’s best friend. — MSG Bob Haskell, Na-
tional Guard Bureau Public Affairs Office

O CT. 23 was an electrifying day in the Balkans, as


Janet Cohen, wife of former Secretary of Defense
William Cohen, visited Eagle Base in Tuzla, Bosnia.
Cohen brought a few friends with her to entertain
the soldiers, including recording artist Clint Black,
Grammy award winner Jon Carroll, rising country star
Shane Minor, comedian Al Franken and a couple of
Martindale: Ministering at “Ground Zero.” New England Patriot Cheerleaders.
But it was Cohen who brought the audience to its
feet with her opening words of patriotism and support.

M AJ Joanne Martindale felt America’s pain when


she told two young children at a New Jersey
elementary school that their mom was missing on the
“Remember you are peacekeepers and you are
humanitarians. The mission you perform here is very
important,” she said. “I can assure you that the Ameri-
evening of Sept. 11. can people are behind you.”
Martindale Martindale, a Presbyterian minister and chaplain Cohen also addressed soldiers’ concerns about the
for the New Jersey Army National Guard’s 1st Battalion, continuing war on terrorism in the United States.
said she 150th Aviation Regiment — and single mother of two — “The first responders to the World Trade Center and
cried as she was asked to deliver the heart-wrenching message to Pentagon attacks were men and women in other uni-
the 9-year-old son and 8-year-old daughter of the forms. They were firefighters, police officers, emer-
drove to missing woman. gency rescue workers, and doctors and nurses,” Cohen
her home All Martindale knew was that the woman worked for said. Early on, active, Reserve and National Guard
a brokerage firm on the 102nd floor of the World Trade soldiers joined them. They are now watching the home
to tell Center’s North Tower. It was the first of the two towers front, “while you watch this front.”
her own hit by a hijacked jetliner and the second to collapse that The program’s patriotic theme continued as Carroll
children morning.
Martindale left the Ancora Psychiatric Hospital in
sang “The Star-Spangled Banner.” Then, Minor, a former
Los Angeles police officer, opened his set with a rendi-
about the Hammonton, N.J., where she is the director of chap- tion of Charlie Daniels’ “In America,” a down-and-dirty,
terrible laincy, put on her dress-blue Army uniform, and met the boot-stomping country tune with a strong patriotic mes-
principal and the missing woman’s closest friend at the sage.
things that school in Jersey City. The Patriot cheerleaders then invited several sol-
happened Then, she gently told the children, whose father had diers onstage to help lead a cheer. And Franken, a
been killed in a car accident five months earlier, that former “Saturday Night Live” writer and performer, had
that day. their mother was missing because some bad people soldiers rolling in the aisles with his jokes about the
had done a very bad thing and had killed a lot of people. Taliban.
Martindale, a minister since 1989, said she cried as The show’s headliner was Clint Black. The Acad-
she drove to her home to tell her own children about the emy of Country Music Award winner performed in a
terrible things that happened to this country that day. baseball cap, which he later traded for a black beret
Then she prepared to spend many more days provided by SPC David McCraken, a National Guard
consoling and counseling those who were laboring for soldier with the 29th Infantry Division. During Black’s
untold hours at two of New York’s most sorrowful places song, “Something That We Do,” MG H. Steven Blum,

22 Soldiers

SM22-23 22 12/28/01, 8:36 AM


commander of the Multinational Division (North), and have been providing security at the Army National
Cohen began to dance. Other soldiers soon joined in, Guard’s Readiness Center in Arlington, Va., since Sept.
dancing across the floor in front of the stage. 11.
For soldiers of Stabiliza- Other Virginia Army Guard troops underwent Fed-
tion Force 10, the Citizen- eral Aviation Administration security training and re- President
Patriot Tour provided a taste ported to Reagan National Airport in October. Bush an-
of home and a break from President George W. Bush announced on Sept. 27
routine. For the entertainers that National Guard troops would reinforce security nounced
it was a way of showing their crews at 422 of America’s largest civilian airports for
four to six months. The intent is to give airports time to
that Guard
appreciation to the military.
“I am here because I improve their security procedures and systems over the troops
have a great love for the next half year. would rein-
people who commit them- Each state governor can decide which Guard troops
selves to serve and protect to deploy and what they will do. But the job is the same force secu-
our country,” said Black. “I Black: Entertaining in — providing a military presence that includes monitor- rity crews
want to say thank you.” — Bosnia. ing and reinforcing security checkpoints, monitoring the
SGT Cheryn Priestino and alertness and performance of civilian screeners, and
at 422 of
SPC Tonya Vlahos, 382nd MPAD assisting screeners, supervisors and airport police. America’s
Approximately 120 Maryland Army Guard soldiers largest
V IRGINIA Army National Guard soldiers 2LT David
Sutton and SGT Shelle Switzer weren’t exactly
began working security checkpoints at Baltimore-Wash-
ington International Airport and regional airports such civilian
overwhelmed the first time they saw Ronald Reagan as those in Hagerstown and Salisbury.
Some 350 Virginia infantrymen and field artillerymen
airports.
National Airport.
“I understand it’s generally busier,” said Sutton, were trained for duty at Reagan, Dulles International
who with a dozen or so other members of the Virginia and seven other airports. New Jersey called on about
Beach-based 229th Military Police Company helped 150 Guard soldiers, including members of the 42nd MP
civilian authorities safeguard the airport and its passen- Co., for duty in Newark, Trenton and Atlantic City.
gers and employees. Vermont called about 20 military police and security
That was on Thursday, Oct. 4, the day the airport force personnel to airports in Burlington and Rutland,
near Washington, D.C., reopened for business. The last and later replaced them with FAA-trained artillery and
airport in the country to reopen after the terrorist attacks, armor soldiers.
it had been closed since Sept. 11. And business was As many as 40 Guard soldiers from the 116th
slow due to the limited number of flights available. Cavalry Brigade were prepared for duty at six Idaho
Sutton, a full-time Newport News, Va., police of- airports, and Colorado formed a 140-member force for
ficer, and Switzer, a corrections officer at Virginia’s 13 airports, including Denver International. — MSG Bob
Sussex State Prison, and other members of the 229th, Haskell and SFC Eric Wedeking, NGB PAO

R ETIRED GEN Wesley K. Clark recently joined


CNN’s ranks as a military analyst. The
military strategist and decorated veteran
from 37 NATO and other nations participating in ongo-
ing operations in Bosnia-Herzegovina and
Kosovo.
will provide on-air analysis about military In 1999 Clark commanded Operation
events worldwide. Allied Force, the successful military action
A graduate of the U.S. Military Acad- in response to the Kosovo crisis and the
emy at West Point, N.Y., and a Rhodes largest air operation in Europe since World
Scholar, Clark served in the Vietnam War War II.
and helped train American forces for the During that time Clark was also the
Gulf War. commander in chief of the U.S. European
From July 1997 to May 2000 he was the Command, an area of operations span-
supreme allied commander, Europe, a po- ning 89 countries and territories and more
sition in which he was responsible for safe- than 13 million square miles in Europe,
guarding an area extending from the north- Africa and the Middle East and involving
ern tip of Norway to the eastern border to more than 100,000 U.S. service members.
Turkey, and oversaw almost 75,000 troops Clark: CNN analyst. — Megan Mahoney, CNN

February 2002 23

SM22-23 23 12/28/01, 8:37 AM


Pay Char MONTHLY BASIC
EFFECTIVE JAN

YEARS OF SERVICE
PAY <2 2 3 4 6 8 10 12
GRADE COMMISSIONED OFFI
O-10 8944.80 9259.50 9259.50 9259.50 9259.50 9614.70 9614.70 10147.50
O-9 7927.50 8135.10 8308.50 8308.50 8308.50 8519.70 8519.70 8874.30
O-8 7180.20 7415.40 7571.10 7614.90 7809.30 8135.10 8210.70 8519.70
O-7 5966.40 6371.70 6371.70 6418.20 6657.90 6840.30 7051.20 7261.80
O-6 4422.00 4857.90 5176.80 5176.80 5196.60 5418.90 5448.60 5448.60
O-5 3537.00 4152.60 4440.30 4494.30 4673.10 4673.10 4813.50 5073.30
O-4 3023.70 3681.90 3927.60 3982.50 4210.50 4395.90 4696.20 4930.20
O-3 2796.60 3170.40 3421.80 3698.70 3875.70 4070.10 4232.40 4441.20
O-2 2416.20 2751.90 3169.50 3276.30 3344.10 3344.10 3344.10 3344.10
O-1 2097.60 2183.10 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50

YEARS OF SERVICE
<2 2 3 4 6 8 10 12
COMMISSIONED OFFICERS WITH OVER 4 YEARS ACTIVE DUTY SER
O-3E N/A N/A N/A 3698.70 3875.70 4070.10 4232.40 4441.20
O-2E N/A N/A N/A 3276.30 3344.10 3450.30 3630.00 3768.90
O-1E N/A N/A N/A 2638.50 2818.20 2922.30 3028.50 3133.20

YEARS OF SERVICE
<2 2 3 4 6 8 10 12
WARRANT OFF
W-5 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A
W-4 2889.60 3108.60 3198.00 3285.90 3437.10 3586.50 3737.70 3885.30
W-3 2638.80 2862.00 2862.00 2898.90 3017.40 3152.40 3330.90 3439.50
W-2 2321.40 2454.00 2569.80 2654.10 2726.40 2875.20 2984.40 3093.90
W-1 2049.90 2217.60 2330.10 2402.70 2511.90 2624.70 2737.80 2850.00

YEARS OF SERVICE
<2 2 3 4 6 8 10 12
ENLISTED MEM
E-9 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 0 3423.90 3501.30
E-8 N/A N/A N/A N/A N/A 2858.10 2940.60 3017.70
E-7 1986.90 2169.00 2251.50 2332.50 2417.40 2562.90 2645.10 2726.40
E-6 1701.00 1870.80 1953.60 2033.70 2117.40 2254.50 2337.30 2417.40
E-5 1561.50 1665.30 1745.70 1828.50 1912.80 2030.10 2110.20 2193.30
E-4 1443.60 1517.70 1599.60 1680.30 1752.30 1752.30 1752.30 1752.30
E-3 1303.50 1385.40 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50
E-2 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30
E-1 >4 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50
E-1 <4 1022.70
NOTE — BASIC PAY FOR O7-O10 IS LIMITED TO $11,141.70
LEVEL III OF THE EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE

24 Soldiers

SM24-25 24 1/4/02, 12:10 PM


arts 2002
THLY BASIC PAY TABLE
EFFECTIVE JANUARY 1, 2002

12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26
MMISSIONED OFFICERS
10147.50 10147.50 10873.80 10873.80 11601.90 11659.20 11901.30 12324.00
8874.30 8874.30 9614.70 9614.70 10147.50 10293.60 10504.80 10873.80
8519.70 8608.50 8874.30 9259.50 9614.70 9852.00 9852.00 9852.00
7261.80 7472.70 8135.10 8694.90 8694.90 8694.90 8694.90 8738.70
5448.60 5628.60 6305.70 6627.00 6948.30 7131.00 7316.10 7675.20
5073.30 5413.50 5755.80 5919.00 6079.80 6262.80 6262.80 6262.80
4930.20 5092.50 5255.70 5310.60 5310.60 5310.60 5310.60 5310.60
4441.20 4549.50 4549.50 4549.50 4549.50 4549.50 4549.50 4549.50
3344.10 3344.10 3344.10 3344.10 3344.10 3344.10 3344.10 3344.10
2638.50 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50 2638.50

12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26
ACTIVE DUTY SERVICE AS AN ENLISTED MEMBER OR WARRANT OFFICER
4441.20 4617.00 4717.50 4855.20 4855.20 4855.20 4855.20 4855.20
3768.90 3872.40 3872.40 3872.40 3872.40 3872.40 3872.40 3872.40
3133.20 3276.30 3276.30 3276.30 3276.30 3276.30 3276.30 3276.30

12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26
WARRANT OFFICERS
N/A N/A N/A N/A 4965.60 5136.00 5307.00 5478.60
3885.30 4038.00 4184.40 4334.40 4480.80 4632.60 4782.00 4935.30
3439.50 3558.30 3693.90 3828.60 3963.60 4098.30 4233.30 4368.90
3093.90 3200.40 3318.00 3438.90 3559.80 3680.10 3801.30 3801.30
2850.00 2963.70 3077.10 3189.90 3275.10 3275.10 3275.10 3275.10

12 14 16 18 20 22 24 26
ENLISTED MEMBERS
3501.30 3599.40 3714.60 3830.40 3944.10 4098.30 4251.30 4467.00
3017.70 3110.10 3210.30 3314.70 3420.30 3573.00 3724.80 3937.80
2726.40 2808.00 2892.60 2975.10 3057.30 3200.04 3292.80 3526.80
2417.40 2499.30 2558.10 2602.80 2602.80 2602.80 2602.80 2602.80
2193.30 2193.30 2193.30 2193.30 2193.30 2193.30 2193.30 2193.30
1752.30 1752.30 1752.30 1752.30 1752.30 1752.30 1752.30 1752.30
1468.50 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50 1468.50
1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30 1239.30
1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50 1105.50

NOTE — BASIC PAY FOR O6 AND BELOW IS LIMITED TO $9,800.10


LEVEL V OF THE EXECUTIVE SCHEDULE

The Official U.S. Army Magazine


February 2002 25

SM24-25 25 1/4/02, 12:12 PM


Postmarks Compiled by SSG Alberto Betancourt
From Army Posts Around the World

“Last year we fired the multi-


PVT Emma Hayes

“Thanks to I Corps’ sup-


port, we were able to success- purpose missile system for the
fully conduct this training exer- first time,” said Sgt. Takashi
cise during the very busy times Wakasugi. “The system was
after the terrorist attacks,” said tested for short-distance targets
Maj. Gen. Haruyoshi Endo, vice by army headquarters in Ja-
commanding general of the pan. We took the data from last
Japan Ground Self-Defense year’s long-distance testing and
Force’s 9th Division, North East- improved it for this year’s exer-
ern Army. cise.”
The exercise scenario Next year, I Corps soldiers
gauges Japan’s ability to react will get their chance to train with
to a possible attack. soldiers of the North Eastern
“Because of training-area Army during Yama Sakura
limitations in our country, it’s XXXXI. — SGT Reeba Critser,
impossible for us to fire our Fort Lewis PAO
weapons using their maximum
capabilities,” Endo said. “Here, Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo
we’re able to fire our weapons
at maximum capability, so we’re Morale-Boosters
able to conduct real-world train-
ing.”
on the Way
In Japan, he said, soldiers AN important letter on the desk
can only fire the heavy anti- of COL Vincent Brooks — Task
tank missile and the TOW at Force Falcon deputy com-
ranges of about 2,000 meters. mander, East, in Kosovo — al-
At the training center, they can most didn’t make it. “Dear Sol-
“Welcome home” signs were everywhere at Fort Bragg to mark fire the weapons at close to dier,” wrote Jacob Ayub, a first-
the return of the 82nd Avn. Bde. soldiers. their 4,000-meter maximum grader in Georgia. “I salute you
range. for all that you do. Your Friend,
Fort Bragg, N.C. officer. “There’s a very high “This exercise is a continu- Jacob.”
operational tempo for aircrews ation of a strong bilateral en- Jacob’s letter, with about
Fort Bragg Soldiers in Bosnia. Our crews flew three gagement with Japan,” said BG 900 boxes of donated books,
Redeploy times as many flights as they
would on a normal deployment
William H. Brandenburg, deputy
commanding general for train-
tapes and other items, was
scheduled to be shipped from
FAMILY and friends gathered mission.” ing and readiness at I Corps
in the middle of the night to “Morale stayed high,” said and Fort Lewis. “We go to Ja-
SSG Robert Albon

welcome back about 160 Fort CPT Craig Alia, commander of pan for an exercise every year,
Bragg soldiers who redeployed Company A, 1st Battalion. “Ev- and Japanese units come to
after seven months in Bosnia eryone was getting tired toward Yakima Training Center to con-
where, as part of Task Force the end, but we stayed focused.” duct an exercise.”
Eagle, they supported the — PVT Emma Hayes, 82nd Besides offering an oppor-
NATO-led stabilization force. Airborne Division Public Affairs tunity to maneuver in large ar-
“Welcome Home” placards Office eas at YTC, the exercise allows
and balloons decorated Pope soldiers of both countries to
Air Force Base’s Green Ramp, Fort Lewis, Wash. work closely together, said
where soldiers of the 82nd Air- Brandenburg.
borne Division’s Aviation Bri- U.S.-Japanese Additionally, the Japanese
gade disembarked.
While at Comanche Base,
Exercise were able to fire all their weapon
systems simultaneously, Endo
the brigade’s aviation elements AFTER a year’s preparation, said.
trained intensively and con- the eighth annual fall combined
Japanese soldiers load a Type
ducted reconnaissance and arms live-fire exercise at Fort 90 tank — bound for Yakima
security missions and air move- Lewis’ Yakima Training Center Training Center, Wash. —
ment operations, said CPT Jack between U.S. and Japanese aboard a trailer at the Port of
Murphy, assistant operations soldiers almost didn’t happen. Tacoma.

26 Soldiers

SM26-27 26 12/27/01, 9:58 AM


CPT Daniel Byer
Soldiers of the 3rd Infantry Division prepare to unload a pallet full of goodies at Camp Bondsteel, Kosovo.

Georgia to Kosovo to boost the flights were targeted for other Collins, both from Task Force tarian daily rations.
spirits of 3rd Infantry Division missions, or grounded, due to Falcon’s logistics office, found They spent a day filling two
soldiers deployed there, when the attacks. a way to get the packages Air Force cargo planes with ap-
the terrorist attacks occurred. “We were told to break open shipped from Dover. proximately 35,000 rations, said
“The impact of Sept. 11 af- the boxes and distribute the The collaboration paid off CPT Jason Soriano, com-
fected all travel, even cargo items back to family members,” when Allan McCosh, the liai- mander, 5th QM Co.
travel,” said Brooks. He said said Brooks’ wife, Carol. son officer between the De- “Working with airmen is
the packages could not be Army Community Services fense Logistics Agency and the nothing new for our soldiers.
shipped from any of the nearby volunteers, the division’s 1st 3rd Inf. Div. logistics task force, We work with these guys ev-
Air Force bases because all Brigade rear detachment com- got the goods to Camp eryday,” he said. What was new
mander, and others, however, Bondsteel and Camp Montieth. for the airmen and soldiers was
had other ideas. — CPT Daniel Byer, 3rd Inf. the Tri-wall Air Delivery, or
Casey Craig, a member of Div. PAO TRIAD, system, said Air Force
the 11th Engineer Battalion’s Master Sgt. Samer Alkhoury,
Family Support Group, con- Ramstein AB, Germany an aerial delivery flight superin-
tacted Michael Wilhelm, vice tendent.
president of ABF Freight Sys- Soldiers Contribute to The TRIAD uses reinforced
tems.
Wilhelm, a former service
Afghan Relief cardboard boxes designed to
come apart in the air. The
member, secured his com- SOLDIERS and airmen united roughly 410 rations in each box
pany’s approval to ship the during a long holiday weekend then fall to the ground.
cargo more than 700 miles from in Germany to help Afghans The system does not use
Georgia to Dover Air Force get much-needed food. parachutes. Gravity forces the
Base, Del. Forty-six members of the TRIAD out of the plane. The
In the meantime, Anne 21st Theater Support Com- static line then pulls and cuts a
Bergstrom of U.S. Army, mand’s 5th Quartermaster Co. gate that’s attached to the box
Europe’s morale, welfare and and 20 members of the 37th as it leaves the aircraft, then the
recreation office offered ideas Airlift Squadron Air Delivery bottom and top fall away and
on how to ship MWR items to Flight built new airdrop-con- the rations “float” to the ground,
soldiers. And CPT Roemo tainer delivery systems and Alkhoury said. — MSG Sue
Wright and CPT Stephen packaged them with humani- Harper, 21st TSC PAO

February 2002 27

SM26-27 27 1/14/02, 8:47 AM


Environmental Front Compiled by Cynthia Houston
Army has celebrated Earth ness at your installation.
Army Stewardship Day. The annual Earth Day • Plan environmental-
Reflected in Earth Day observance gives soldiers and
civilians living and working on
project milestones to co-
incide with Earth Day for
FOR the Army, fighting and win- Army installations an opportu- maximum “good news
ning hinge on being equipped, nity to concentrate on the criti- story” impact.
trained and ready, and on hav- cal role the environment plays The U.S. Army Envi-
ing the resources to support in supporting the broad spec- ronmental Center pro-
those objectives. trum of Army missions. vides information and
And the resources are more Earth Day is a time to renew planning materials for
than state-of-the-art weapons promises to be responsible Earth Day activities at
and “sandbox” exercises. A criti- stewards of natural resources, your installation. Visit
cal, indispensable resource is and to share information about USAEC online at
land on which to train and hone actions the Army is taking to http://aec.army.mil for
skills needed to use state-of- sustain land entrusted to its ideas, downloadable
the-art weapons to their full ca- care. resources and order
pacities, plan and execute battle Some installations are plan- forms for this year’s
strategies, and organize and ning weeklong activities to com- Army Earth Day poster.
launch an attack. memorate Earth Day 2002, You may also contact the
Yet, the Army is “losing” its which this year falls on Mon- Army Earth Day program
land. Years of live-firing weap- day, April 22. Following are manager, Deborah Elliott,
ons and driving tanks across event ideas provided by Army at (410) 436-1272, or (DSN) The U.S.
training sites have taken their installations in the United 584-1272. Her e-mail ad- Army Combat
Equipment Battalion,
toll on the environment. Also, States and abroad last year: dress is deborah.elliott Luxembourg now uses this
once-isolated posts now bor- • Invite local automobile @aec. apgea.army.mil. — “Super Trash Can” logo to
der civilian communities, and dealers to bring environmen- Deborah Elliott, Army Earth Day indicate certification by the
public outcry about noise and tally friendly new car models to Coordinator Superdreckskescht.
potential pollution limit the train- your event.
ing that can take place. • Conduct a recycle fair. Super Trash Can certification
As the Army proceeds to- • Link Earth Day events to Unit Earns “Super Trash is extensive and includes items
ward its 21st-century transfor-
mation, it will need more land,
other events in the community.
• Plant more than a tree —
Can” Title such as employee motivation,
safe and environmentally sound
not less. plant a riparian forest buffer of THE Combat Equipment Bat- storage, clear sorting, and
That’s why, since 1995, the selected vegetation that pro- talion, Luxembourg, has earned proper reuse and disposal of
tects and replenishes the wa- a prestigious environmental waste.
ters in nearby streams and riv- certificate with an amusing MAJ Howard Christie, sup-
ers. name. The Superdreckskescht port operations officer for CEB-
• Hold a workshop — which means “Super Trash LU, said that the successful
concerning envi- Can” — has certified CEB-LU certification resulted from the
ronmental is- and its contract service part- close partnership between
sues that ner, Warehouse Services CEB-LU and Warehouse Ser-
threaten Agency. vices Agency. “Keeping Army
readi- The Super Trash Can certifi- pre-positioned equipment and
cation program is the product materiel in combat-ready con-
of a partnership between the dition generates a lot of waste,”
government of Luxembourg he said. “So we welcomed the
and waste-disposal companies, challenge of earning the certifi-
and is awarded by the Luxem- cate.” — Operations Support
bourg Ministry for the Environ- Command
ment and the Chamber for Pro-
fessions.
The list of criteria for the MRE Heaters Pose
The Army is helping to pre- Compliance Challenge
serve the quality of life on
Earth by doing its part to EVERY Meal Ready to Eat has
protect natural resources. one. It’s a good bet that a soldier

28 Soldiers

SM28,29 28 1/14/02, 8:53 AM


Melissa Plummer
spending a day or longer on an tion or sales; sold ronmental standards.
Army range is carrying a through a qualified Both heaters performed well
flameless ration heater; the Army recycling program, during an August 2000 field
issues millions every year. returned to the evaluation at Fort Wainwright,
Concerns arise, however, manufacturer, acti- Alaska. Soldiers found them as
when soldiers throw unused vated according to acceptable as current FRHs.
heaters in with “regular” trash. local hazardous The manufacturers and
Most environmental regulators waste generator SBBCOM continue to work on
view discarded, unused FRHs regulations, or dis- weight, cost, performance and
as reactive hazardous waste, posed of as hazard- mass-production issues. The
since they contain compounds ous waste in a per- command will report on its
that heat up when activated by mitted facility, analysis of these issues, as well
water. Shakeshaft said. as the new FRH’s compliance
The Environmental Protec- Meanwhile, the with environmental regulations,
tion Agency listed discarded Soldier Systems to a board of joint service repre-
unused heaters as “reactive,” Center is working sentatives in fiscal 2002.
both in a May 1999 letter to the on a long-term so- In the near term, an instruc-
Soldier Systems Center in lution to the FRH tion label on new FRHs will
Natick, Mass., and in a recent challenge. The cen- Flameless ration heaters could be advise soldiers not to place un-
notice of violation at a large ter, which is part of classified as hazardous waste if not used heaters in the trash.
troop installation in the South. the U.S. Army Sol- used to heat food. Used heaters, how- For more information, con-
An incident in which inactivated dier and Biological ever, can be placed in any landfill. tact the USAEC Compliance
FRHs turned up in a trash ship- Chemical Com- Branch at (410) 436-7069, or
ment from the installation to a mand at Aberdeen Proving devices are now going through e-mail the agency at compli-
landfill sparked that notice. Ground, Md., is developing two rigorous health-risk and regu- ance @aec.apgea.army.mil.
Installations where flame- new ration heaters that don’t latory assessments to ensure — U.S. Army Environmental
less ration heaters are used release a flammable gas. These they’ll comply with future envi- Center
must establish procedures to
ensure unused heaters aren’t
thrown out with the regular
trash, said Robert Shakeshaft,
hazardous waste media man-
ager for the U.S. Army Environ-
mental Center. This is espe-
cially important during training
exercises, when a large num-
ber of unused heaters might be
discarded.
Used heaters don’t pose the
same hazards. At the end of
the heating cycle, only inert sub-
stances remain, mainly card-
board, a polyethylene bag and
magnesium hydroxide. These
have no adverse impacts on
human health or the environ-
ment and can be placed in any
landfill.
To manage unused FRHs,
Environmental Sharp Shooters
Army installations have several MILITARY and civilian photographers will be recognized for their achievements in
options, each beginning with support of the Army’s environmental program in the April edition of Soldiers. Check out
an ironclad collection method. this special “Environmental Sharp Shooters” feature to see what’s going on at the Army’s
The unspent heaters can be Environmental Front.
turned in to the Defense
Reutilization and Marketing Of- Please send your contributions or questions to Cynthia Houston, National Outreach Team Leader, U.S. Army Environmental Center,
5179 Hoadley Road, Attn.: SFIM-AEC-PA, Bldg. 4415, Aberdeen Proving Ground, MD 21010-5401, or e-mail Environmental.Front
fice for reuse, transfer, dona- @aec.apgea.army.mil. Houston can be reached by phone at (410) 436-1270 or (DSN) 584-1270.

February 2002 29

SM28,29 29 1/14/02, 1:21 PM


Muslim and
Story by Beth Reece Photos by Paul Disney

I DENTITY does not elude CPT


Abdul-Rasheed Muhammad.
Born and raised by Baptist
parents in Buffalo, N.Y., he
loves a good movie, the Seattle
SuperSonics, his wife and freedom.
Muhammad is an American citizen
and soldier. But lately he’s been the
subject of nosy stares and apologetic
glances. Sometimes people peer at him
with suppressed anger. But
Muhammad — one of seven million
American Muslims and the U.S.
military’s first Muslim chaplain — understand Islam, Muhammad said.
understands the source of the anger “Muslims must educate others about
and curiosity. what Islam really is,” he said. Compas-
“People are concerned. They sion among people — Christian,
wonder what it is about the Islamic Muslim or Jew; white or black; rich or
faith that they do not know, what about poor — emerges from an understand-
it has caused terrorists to strike out ing of the past.
against America,” he said from behind “In order to understand Islam, one
his desk in the Department of Ministry must know something about its
and Pastoral Care at Walter Reed history,” Muhammad said. “Not
Army Medical Center in Washington, having that information would be
D.C. similar to trying to understand the
The chaplain fears humanity’s Christian faith without knowing
capacity for hatred. He is appalled by something about what took place in
reports that Taliban militiamen in Nazareth and Bethlehem.”
Afghanistan have raped women and Many of today’s false impressions
trafficked in opium, heroin and stem from the assumption that Islam is
weapons. theologically entwined with the
“Major, major sins,” the chaplain cultures of the regions where Islam
said. “These things are far removed CPT Abdul-Rasheed Muhammad — the prevails, he said. The assumption that
from Islam. A true Muslim’s con- U.S. military’s first Muslim chaplain — is Muslim women are degraded and
science would not allow such acts, nor currently assigned to Walter Reed Army deprived of education, for example, is
could a Muslim think he would go to Medical Center in Washington, D.C. untrue. Islam itself does not thwart a
paradise for taking the lives of inno- woman’s potential. In Afghanistan, for
cent people.” religion or politics to gain and exert example, it’s the Taliban regime that
Like Christianity and Judaism, power,” he said. He emphasized that limits freedoms. It is a system rather
Islam acknowledges one God as the many Muslims have rejected the than a religion that denies what most
divine ruler of heaven and earth. It also Taliban’s acts in the same way that nations uphold as birthrights.
exalts kindness and tolerance, many Catholics have rejected the aims Muhammad said it is his privilege
Muhammad said. and actions of the Irish Republican and pledge as a Muslim chaplain in the
“But human beings have the Army. Army to illuminate the little-known
capacity to be oppressors and to use Many Americans simply don’t truths of his faith. In addition to

30 Soldiers

SM30-33 30 1/14/02, 12:28 PM


Soldier
Workers at Walter Reed AMC sit in quiet
meditation in the hospital’s Islamic Prayer
Room. There are some 7 million Muslims
in the United States.
leading Muslim services and planning
events that help others strengthen their me to do,” he said. When the time
relationships with God, he extends his came for Muhammad to make his own
services to all soldiers, regardless ofstood — “with all due respect to the decisions, he openly explored his
their religious beliefs. way my parents raised me,” he said. spirituality.
At the State University of New At 20 — after a deep attraction to
York, Muhammad majored in anthro- the charisma and faith of Malcolm X,
The Path pology with an emphasis in compara-
tive religion. How fascinating, he
and enlightened by English versions of
the Koran, Islam’s holy book —
Muhammad has always felt the thought then, that people everywhere Muhammad made Islam his religion of
push of invisible hands. There were worship something greater than choice.
times when he mingled with the wrong themselves — in their own ways, but Though Muhammad’s parents
crowd, when he could have been for the same purpose. raised 11 children and instilled in them
killed, but wasn’t. There was also the “I’d had difficulty accepting Jesus the importance of providing for the
persistent intuition that religion was as God, but I respected my parents, family, the church-going pair kept
more than he’d been taught or under- and I always did what my father told mum about their son’s resolution. It

February 2002 31

SM30-33 31 1/4/02, 11:22 AM


we want to defend our rights to enjoy
all of these freedoms.”
Muhammad doesn’t believe that
America is “out to get” Muslims.
“There are seven million of us living
right here. It would seem to me that if
the United States were about the
business of destroying Islam, it would
start right here. Look at me. I’m a
chaplain in the United States Army.
Why would I exist if the U.S. wanted
to destroy Islam?”
Though Muslim soldiers may be
Chaplain Muhammad’s son, Haroon, watches his mother Saleema make a salad in sympathetic toward fellow Muslims
preparation for fast breaking at the end of the day during the holy month of Ramadan. living in Afghanistan, Muhammad said
most American Muslims were leery
wasn’t until after he joined the Army “I think our talks about Islam about halting U.S. military operations
as a chaplain’s assistant, had reclassi- strengthened my father’s faith,” for the sake of such religious holidays
fied as a supply specialist, left the Muhammad said. “Though he didn’t as Ramadan, when Muslims fast.
Army and eight years later was understand God from my perspective, I Muslims have already fought and
commissioned as the Army’s first think he came to see how God was won wars during Ramadan, such as the
Muslim chaplain that his parents moving in my life, and we’d always 7th century Battle of Badr, when the
verbally blessed their son’s religious been taught that anything good comes Muslims were outnumbered 10 to 1 by
choice. from God.” the pagan Arabs.
It was a day he treasures: Friday, “Yet they won this battle deci-
Dec. 3, 1993. “My parents were asked sively,” the chaplain said, adding that
all kinds of questions they weren’t
prepared to answer,” Muhammad said
Ready to Defend today’s circumstances allow American
Muslim soldiers to defend what
of the day reporters trailed him and his Defense Department officials America has lost and all that has been
family through the Pentagon after a estimate that approximately 4,000 taken away from Islam.
high-profile commissioning ceremony. Muslims wear U.S. military uniforms. Terrorism has fueled Americans’
“Imagine what it was like for Muhammad thinks there are probably devotion to the nation, Muhammad
them,” he said. “They were average three times that number
African-American people who had based on attendance at
never before been the subject of media religious services, plus
attention.” the fact that not all
Someone from the Buffalo News soldiers reveal their
asked Muhammad’s father what kind religious preferences.
of child the new chaplain had been. The Army alone has
“This kid here, I never had any seven Muslim chaplains.
problem with him. Not one day in my Since the Sept. 11
life,” Muhammad’s father said. attacks, Muhammad has
“I’ve come to realize that this was not advised a single
his way of saying, ‘Who am I to soldier who questions
question the decisions my son has whether a Muslim’s
made?’ I’d made other decisions that loyalty should be to
were good, so maybe he thought this Islam or to America.
one was just as good as any of the “We live here, work
others, even though he didn’t under- here, pay taxes here and
stand it,” Muhammad said. contribute here,” he Muslims pray five times a day while facing Mecca, the holy
Religion soon became a favored said. “We are Ameri- city where Allah and his word were revealed to
subject for the chaplain’s father. cans in every sense and Muhammad.

32 Soldiers

SM30-33 32 1/14/02, 12:31 PM


“I’ve sworn to work for the good of America,
and I’ll gladly do that as both a chaplain and as a soldier.”

Understanding Islam
D R. Dave Damrel is desperate to make a point: Islamic terrorism is a
contradiction of terms.
“When people think of Islam, they have all these automatic stereotypes of
Muslims dressed a certain way, of the desert and of camels,” said Damrel, who
teaches world religion at Arizona State University and specializes in Islam.
Second only to Christianity, Islam is one of the fastest growing religions in
the world. Its 1.2 billion followers make up a quarter of the world’s population,
and the vast majority live in Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, India, Pakistan
and Bangladesh.
According to Amir Hussain, a Muslim and California State University
professor of religious studies, about one-third of the Muslims in the United
States are Middle Eastern, one-third are African-American and one-third are
South Asian.
“Islam” means “submission” in Arabic, and shares the God of the Christian
and Hebrew bibles. Closely related to Judaism and Christianity, Islam is a
Chaplain Muhammad chats with Air Force
monotheistic faith that supports generosity, compassion and kindness.
Chaplain Brian McCormack outside “It’s seen as having a kind of family relationship with both religions, meaning
Walter Reed hospital’s Islamic Prayer that all three share critical religious figures, as well as ideas and world views,”
Room. Damrel said.
Although Islam affirms such prophetic figures as Abraham and Jesus,
said, but still the U.S. has not reached Muslims believe that Muhammad — a 7th century merchant — is the final
its pinnacle. prophet. God, or Allah in Arabic, revealed himself to Muhammad through the
“There’s never been a country like angel Gabriel. Muhammad then recorded God’s word into the Koran, the
this in the history of the world, where Muslim holy book.
people learn to coexist religiously, Muslims are action-oriented believers. They devote themselves to the
socially, culturally, racially, economi- Pillars of Islam to strengthen their faith and submit to God. The first pillar is a
cally, ethically,” he said. Though believer’s declaration that there is no other God but Allah, and Muhammad is
personal distinctions may rouse anger, his prophet. Prayer is the second pillar, and Muslims pray five times a day while
Americans are still united. facing Mecca, the holy city where Allah and his word were revealed to
“I think all that is happening now Muhammad.
is taking us to a point at which we will The third pillar of faith is charity. Rather than frowning upon materialism,
eventually reach our greatest pinnacle Islam encourages followers to share their belongings with the less fortunate.
and have a deeper understanding of Many of those who are able are asked to give two and a half percent of their
one another,” Muhammad said. “We capital to charity.
have much to be proud of, and much Islam’s fourth pillar is the observance of Ramadan, when Muslims fast
still to accomplish.” during the ninth month of the lunar calendar to commemorate the time when
The Sept. 11 terrorists were not Muhammad received his first revelation. Though money and health may limit
true Muslims, he said, and they were a Muslim’s opportunity to make a pilgrimage to Mecca, this fifth pillar of the faith
not martyred. The victims who died is considered a sacred duty.
that day were the true martyrs and “Islam is a religion that has many of the same values as conservative
died — like soldiers on a battlefield Christianity,” said Arizona State University professor Dr. Mark Woodward, who
— for America’s virtue. has lived and traveled throughout the Muslim world.
“I’ll go to my grave believing “It places a great deal of emphasis on personal piety, and on personal and
that,” Muhammad said. “I’ve sworn to public morality,” he said. “Basic Muslim values would go over real well with
work for the good of America, and I’ll Southern Baptists.” — Adriane Foss
gladly do that as both a chaplain and Adriane Foss is associate editor of the Inside the Turret newspaper at Fort Knox, Ky.
as a soldier.”

February 2002 33

SM30-33 33 1/14/02, 12:32 PM


Sharp Shooters Photos by Wayne N. Curtis

B
esides being the home of the Total Force’s Maneu-
ver Support Center, U.S. Army Chemical School and
Military Police School, Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., is a
basic combat training hub that annually trains more than
16,000 soldiers. On these pages Wayne N. Curtis, a photog-
rapher for the installation, captures the many roles these sol-
diers play throughout the year.

(Clockwise, from left)

During a ceremony, SSG Alex Payne demonstrates


the proper one-knee shooting position.

A drill sergeant overlooks his troops during a Spe-


cial Olympics opening ceremony.

The Maneuver Support Center’s color guard leads


the way during a Memorial Day Parade in St. Louis.

SSG Jorge L. Colon Jr. of Company D, 3rd Battal-


ion, 10th Infantry Regiment, gives his troops a sign
of encouragement.

SFC Louis Lopez serves as a color guard for the


post’s Drill Sergeant School.

34 Soldiers

SM34,35 34 1/14/02, 12:36 PM


Standard photo submissions for Soldiers Sharp Shooters can be mailed
to Photo Editor, Soldiers, 9325 Gunston Road, Ste. S108, Fort
Belvoir, VA 22060-5581. Photo submissions of digital images should be
directed to alberto.betancourt@belvoir .army.mil. All submissions must
include an introductory paragraph and captions.

February 2002 35

SM34-35 35 12/27/01, 2:34 PM


VICTORY STRI
Story by SGT Brent Hunt and Bill Roche Photos by Paul Disney

(Main photo) CW2 William Knisley looks out


his canopy at the other Apaches in his flight
while at a forward arming and refueling point
in Drawsko Pamorskie.

(Top right) An Apache skims the trees at speed


after a flight demonstration at DPTA.

36 Soldiers

SM36-39 36 12/27/01, 10:55 AM


IKEII
VS II was the
largest recent
U.S. troop
movement in
Europe.

E
XERCISE Victory Strike II
brought together some 4,000
U.S., Polish, Italian and
British troops, among them
soldiers from the 130th Engineer
Brigade and 11th Aviation Regiment —
both part of the U.S. V Corps in Germany.
The exercise also represented the largest
U.S. troop movement in Europe in recent
history.
But V Corps commander LTG William
Wallace said the deployment of troops to
the exercise sites, Poland’s Drawsko
Pomorskie and Wedrzyn training areas,
shortly after the Sept. 11 terrorist attacks in
the United States, was “business as usual
for the corps. It was an opportunity for
corps units to strengthen their ability to
deploy rapidly.”
Geared primarily toward honing rapid-
deployment skills, the exercise allowed the
corps’ attack aviation units to get realistic
SGT Brent Hunt and Bill Roche work at the V Corps Public Affairs
Office in Heidelberg, Germany.

February 2002 37

SM36-39 37 1/14/02, 9:52 AM


(Left) SGT Joe Toombs, SPC Starsky Hudson and SSG
Glen Strobach from the 197th Maint. Co. perform a di-
agnostic test on a Patriot radar belonging to 5th Bn., 7th
ADA Regt.

(Left, above) PFC Curt Garrison races to the top of a


building in the Wedrzyn Training Area’s MOUT site
to get a better view of incoming “enemy” aircraft.

(Above) Air traffic controllers SPC Robin Gonzales and


PFC Austin Hicks “work” aircraft in the pattern at
Drawsko Pomorskie’s airfield.

(Right) SGT Royce Adams gives tips to Stinger gunner


PFC Curt Garrison before an Apache “attack.”

The systems can track every element on the battlefield,


deep-strike training. With simulated post housed in rapidly deployable Developers hope the systems will
close-air support from U.S. Air Force modular units. First-time use of the revolutionize training by giving
F-16s from Aviano Air Base, Italy, system by V Corps gave the com- commanders a near-real-time view of
AH-64 Apache helicopters from the mander and his staff a compact, state- all their maneuver units in the field,
11th Avn. Regt. and 1st Infantry of-the-art “nerve center.” Wallace said.
Division flew missions against an At the same time, V Corps soldiers The systems can track every
opposing force composed of U.S. and field-tested new battlefield tracking element on the battlefield, from tanks,
Polish air defense units. systems for the first time in a large- trucks and helicopters to individual
Meantime, elements of the 130th scale exercise, said CPT George soldiers. The result is a highly detailed
Engr. Bde. helped rebuild two schools Walter, plans officer for the Director- computer record of events that allows
near the training area. ate of Training in the 7th Army commanders to conduct more immedi-
The September 2001 exercise also Training Command’s Deployable ate and thorough after-action reviews,
introduced “Strike CP,” a command Operations Group in Grafenwöhr, said William Brian, project manager
Germany. for the company that designed the
system, Inter-Coastal Electronics.

38 Soldiers

SM36-39 38 12/27/01, 10:58 AM


from tanks, trucks and helicopters to individual soldiers.
Here’s how the systems work: Information Modules. SMODIMS
transmit identification numbers and
System unit attached to a special vest.
Previously, such comprehensive
The Collective Tactical Engage- battle information for each piece of system tracking could be done only at
ment Simulation System tracks the equipment. So C-TESS “knows” large U.S. maneuver training centers,
Multiple-Launch Rocket System and everything that’s happening with that where repeater towers that transmit the
helicopters. The Deployable Instrumen- particular piece of equipment — even “battle” information are located, said
tation Training System tracks tanks and the number of rockets fired. DOG master tank gunner SSG Ron
personnel. Every piece of equipment Broulette.
and every individual is equipped with a 0DITS Victory Strike might be long over,
tracking device, which sends a radio DITS, the system that tracks but soldiers throughout U.S. Army,
signal to the C-TESS and DITS. armored vehicles and personnel, can Europe, can expect to reap long-term
simulate artillery, mortars and benefits once the tracking systems are
0C-TESS minefields. It tracks people via a fully fielded.
C-TESS monitors every MLRS and battery pack and a Global Positioning
helicopter with Smart Onboard Data

February 2002 39

SM36-39 39 12/27/01, 11:01 AM


“Black Haw
Story by Heike Hasenauer

“P
EARL Harbor” producer Jerry Bruckheimer
and Ridley Scott, director of “Hannibal” and
“Gladiator,” spent months under the burning
Moroccan sun to create the just-released
movie “Black Hawk Down.”
An adaptation of the best-selling nonfiction book
by Mark Bowden, the film recounts the danger,
desperation, courage and sacrifice that punctuated the
worst 18 hours of U.S. military ground combat in
recent history — the nightmarish events of Oct. 3,
1993, in Mogadishu, Somalia.
“There’s no romance in this film, no underlying
story. It’s strictly combat, as bad as it gets,” said
actor Tom Sizemore, who played Tom Hanks’ first
sergeant in “Saving Private Ryan.”
Sizemore portrays LTC Danny McKnight,
commander of a convoy that was to take rangers and
Delta Force commandos to safety after they’d
captured several of Somali warlord Mohammed
Farrah Aidid’s men. But the convoy became terribly
lost in the fog of battle.
“This movie definitely has no sentimentality,”
Sizemore said. “It’s about 152 guys who are screwed.
They’re the real heroes. I just portray one of them.”
Once again, the Army played an important role in
supporting the film and contributing to its historical
accuracy, Bruckheimer said.
(Continued on page 42)
The film recreates the mission to capture
Somali warlord Mohammed Farrah Aidid.
It was supposed to have been relatively
easy, but then two Black Hawks crashed
in the city and all hell broke loose.
All photos courtesy Revolution Studios unless otherwise credited.

40 Soldiers

SM40-47 40 1/14/02, 1:01 PM


awk Down”

February 2002 41

SM40-47 41 1/4/02, 11:57 AM


“Black Hawk Down”
(Continued from page 40)
“‘Black Hawk Down’ is not an rescue — churned the earth and sent
exact depiction of characters and dirt clouds in every direction.
events,” said retired Navy SEAL Harry “The images have stirred memo-
Humphries, a technical advisor on the ries, some that have made the hair on
film. Some characters are composites my neck stand up because they’re
of several rangers or commandos who such an actual depiction of the events
Heike Hasenauer

were on the ground during the battle. of Oct. 3,” said Eversmann.
SSG Matt Eversmann — whose “Obviously, a traumatic experi-
“chalk” was the first to rope down into ence is something you live with every
the target area, for example — figures day. It will live with me forever. The
prominently in the film, “but he does mission is something I’m tremen-
things other chalk leaders did,” dously proud of. Yet, when we talk
Humphries said. about the soldiers who died, I get very
In June 2001 Eversmann was on sad,” he said.
the set where the production crew “But I’ve made peace with what it
filmed the return to the “Pakistani means to be a ranger,” said
stadium” of a rescue convoy of United Eversmann, now a sergeant first class
Nations troops and 10th Mountain and operations sergeant at the U.S.
Division soldiers. Tanks and armored Army War College at Carlisle Bar-
personnel carriers carrying Pakistani racks, Pa.
and Malaysian markings — representa- The movie also highlights the
tive of the two nations that furnished heroic efforts of two Special Opera-
the heavy equipment for the actual tions Command snipers, MSG Gary
Gordon and SFC Randall Shughart,
SSG Matt Eversmann (right), whose “chalk”
was the first to rope down into the target who were killed while attempting to
area, spent time on the set in Morocco with rescue downed UH-60 pilot CW2
producer Jerry Bruckheimer. Michael Durant. The two were

An MH-6 “Little Bird” helicopter of the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment provides backup to U.S. forces on the ground
in this recreated downtown Mogadishu scene.

42 Soldiers

SM40-47 42 1/14/02, 1:02 PM


Heike Hasenauer
awarded posthumous Medals of
Honor.
Somali militiamen held Durant,
who suffered numerous injuries in the
crash, captive for 11 days. His captors
released a videotape of his bruised,
combat-weary face that was shown
repeatedly on news programs around
the world.
Josh Hartnett, who portrayed Army
Air Corps pilot Danny Walker in
“Pearl Harbor,” plays Eversmann; Ron
Eldard, of “Sleepers” and “ER” fame,
is Durant; Johnny Strong and Nikolai
Waldau are Shughart and Gordon, Crews from the 160th SOAR — not actors — fly the “Little Birds.” The diminutive he-
respectively, and Jeremy Piven plays licopters play a key role in the movie, as they did in the actual battle.
ill-fated Black Hawk pilot CW2 Cliff
Wolcott. Andres Ortegon, the Army’s liaison to during the battle.
Others in the cast include William the film industry from the Office of the SSG Richard Botsford, from the
Fichtner, Jason Isaacs, Eric Bana, Chief of Public Affairs, Los Angeles 3rd Bn., 160th SOAR, who was on the
Ewan McGregor and Brian Van Holt. Branch. Mogadishu airfield during the battle,
Some 1,000 extras, from Morocco Then, in March 2001, 22 actors also was an advisor. “I was attached to
and several other African nations, underwent one week of ranger famil- the 8th Bn., 101st Airborne Division,
portray the Somalis, iarization training to maintain the Cobra helicopters of
said casting director sponsored by the 75th the 10th Mountain Div.,” he said.
Billy Dowd. Ranger Regiment at “On Oct. 4 and 5, five of us on the
The production Fort Benning, Ga. Cobra team loaded wounded and dead
crew filmed largely in To ensure accu- soldiers from the battle onto C-141s,”
Salé, Morocco, near racy, Ortegon moni- he said. “Some of the wounded were
the capital city of tored filming daily. hurt pretty bad.”
Rabat, in areas that He also reported to Some 140 U.S. soldiers supported
replicate the abject the Army staff filming in Morocco, said Ortegon.
poverty of Mogadishu regularly on the status They included rangers from Fort
and precluded set of filming, the Benning, who viewers will see in the
designers from having production film rappelling from aircraft over
to create major sets. company’s require- “Mogadishu,” and 160th SOAR crews
It’s an area where ments and use of who fly the Black Hawks and MH-6
children play barefoot military vehicles and and AH-6 “Little Birds” in aerial
in trash-covered dirt personnel, and sequences.
lots as cattle wander reimbursable ex- “The most exciting part of filming
about. Ramshackle Actor William Fichtner, a veteran penses.
huts look like precari- of the films “Pearl Harbor” and Units that were
Heike Hasenauer

ously connected scraps “The Perfect Storm,” plays a fic- actually involved in
tional character, MSG Paul Howe.
of wood, tin, cloth and the 1993 battle
cardboard. provided technical
In the marketplace, wiry peasants advisors to the production crew
hawk their wares. And all around the through a U.S. Special Operations
city, women cloaked in long, plain Command task force, the first task
shrouds and headscarves shuffle along force ever established to support the
dirt and concrete walkways. making of a movie, Ortegon said.
“The toughest thing about making They included retired COL Lee
this movie is the location. It’s filthy,” Van Arsdale, a former special opera-
said Sizemore, “But so was tions commander; retired COL Tom
Mogadishu. This will be a great film Matthews, the 1993 air mission
about sophisticated urban, house-to- commander for Task Force Ranger’s The Moroccan location lent an air of au-
house warfare.” 1st Bn., 160th Special Operations thenticity. Here, fresh meat hangs from a
The Army became involved in the Aviation Regiment; and SPC John local merchant’s stall at an alleyway mar-
production in late 2000, said MAJ Collett, a ranger and SAW gunner ket near the film site.

February 2002 43

SM40-47v2 43 1/7/02, 3:03 PM


“Black Hawk Down”

rounds,” Jones said. “Explosions, obscenities and sometimes dropping


made by gun-cap-type squibs attached “dead” in their tracks. The 1,000 will
along a string of wire, were going off become 8,000 Somalis on screen, said
all along the roof, and people were special effects coordinator Timothy
falling like dominoes. It was so Burke.
realistic, at first we were a little Because the film’s “Somalis” are
was the gun runs on the rooftops at the shocked.” armed with M-16 and AK-47 auto-
Alamo crash site, where the first Black “Crashed” Black Hawks brought an matic rifles and M-60 machine guns,
Hawk went down,” said CW3 Dana eerie reality to the two crash-site sets, Moroccan army representatives
Jones, a 160th SOAR pilot from the one of them in a partially created maze monitored training of groups of 15
unit’s Company A, 1st Bn., at Fort of dilapidated concrete and wood extras from a core group of 50, said
Campbell, Ky. buildings. armorer Steve Cummings.
“‘Somali militiamen’ were all over “The downtown area is where the “For filming the night scene,
the rooftops as we fired simulated first helicopter crashed and where the where the U.N. convoy arrives at the
guys huddled and tried to survive the ‘Pakistani stadium,’ every weapon,
night. When the U.N. convoy comes to including .50-caliber machine guns,
Heike Hasenauer

the rescue, there’s an unbelievable was firing. We’ve gone through three
amount of firepower,” said the film’s tons of blank ammunition — about
publicist, Michael Singer. 250,000 rounds in about three months
In June 2001, CW3 Greg Dodson, of shooting,” Cummings said.
a 160th SOAR pilot, spent a good part “We purchased 5-ton trucks and
of a day with his Black Hawk sitting Humvees that we converted to hard-
on a cliff overlooking the Atlantic tops, then blew them up,” Singer said.
Ocean. He and others transformed the And special effects built MH-60 mock-
helicopter into a mock command-and- ups so we could crash those.”
control Black Hawk that in the film “We recreated the joint operations
flies low over the city. center based on unclassified photos
On the ground, some 1,000 extras and helicopter footage of the attack,”
jumped out from behind every crevice Bruckheimer added. In some cases, as
and corner, sprang off rooftops firing with the target building in downtown
frantically, yelling and screaming Mogadishu, set designers had to
construct facades on skeletal structures
At a local market in Rabat, Morocco’s capi-
tal, residents sell their wares and conduct so they could destroy them.
businesses from ramshackle huts that The partially constructed stadium,
traverse entire city blocks. to which the rescue convoy returns,
will be completed in the computer,
Burke said. In the movie, viewers will
Heike Hasenauer

see a mosque in the background where


a water tower actually stands.
Other location shots will be
computer-enhanced for accuracy,
Burke said. Hangar scenes depicting
where the U.S. soldiers lived, and from
where they launched their helicopters,
were shot at a Moroccan air base north
of Rabat.
“The air base at Mogadishu was
located on the coast. Our ‘air base,’ 40
kilometers north of Rabat, in Kenitra,
is close, but not close enough. So we’ll
establish its proximity to the ocean
with visuals,” Burke said.
For obvious safety reasons, “fantas-
tic spiraling stunt-flying sequences
were filmed out over the ocean instead
of over the actual sets, and will be
While the dirt and decay of portions of Morocco mimic the streets of Mogadishu, so too married up with location shots, Burke
do its colorful markets and people. said.

44 Soldiers

SM40-47 44 1/14/02, 1:06 PM


At the “Alamo” crash site, where the first Black Hawk went down during the real battle,
SSG Matt Eversmann, played by Josh Hartnett (inset, at right), was holed up for one of the
longest nights of his life.

Special effects will also replicate like it is embedded in the actor,” said
some of the more personal, human Burke. “In a later scene, where he’s
atrocities of battle. One of the most evacuated, we’ll use an actual model
horrifying incidents was when PVT attached to the actor’s body.” Drivers were wounded and others had
Richard Kowalewski, who was riding “While the movie will not be a to take the wheel. Windows were
in one of the trucks in the initial rescue documentary, it’s the most detailed shattered. It was easy to miss a turn.
convoy, was hit by a rocket-propelled account of the battle that I’ve seen,” When they did, the alleys were so
grenade. It “rocketed in from the left, said Matthews, who was in the air for narrow, the whole convoy couldn’t just
severing his left arm and entering his 18 hours on Oct 3, 1993. turn around.
chest,” according to a passage in “We went to get two of Aidid’s “We were fired on continually,”
Bowden’s book. “There was an men,” Matthews said. “We policed Matthews explained. Five aircraft were
explosion, but most of the two-foot- them up. But after 30 minutes, the shot down: Durant’s, Wolcott’s and
long missile embedded itself in element of surprise wore off. When the three that crashed in other parts of the
Kowalewski…” first Black Hawk got hit, we got a city. Two of the aircraft made it back
“We’ll animate the RPG to look whole new mission. There were eight to the airfield.
Americans on that “Our soldiers displayed a phenom-
bird. We completed enal amount of courage that day as
our mission. We got thousands of bullets and hundreds of
Aidid’s cronies back RPGs were fired at us,” Matthews said.
to our air base. “Urban-combat operations are as dirty
“How did the as it gets, because you can see only
convoy get so lost?” from one building to the next. The
Matthews said. technology edge is limited as soon as I
“After it got the can see you and you can see me.”
prisoners, it had to MAJ James Viola, currently a
go to another member of the 2nd Bn., 160th SOAR,
location. There was was a platoon leader for the MH-6
no signal, no flare “Little Birds” in Mogadishu and was
indicating where the officer in charge of the 160th SOAR
guys on the ground task force on the film set.
Special operations troops in Mogadishu were attacked by had to go. They “I was in the JOC when the battle
hundreds of Somalis, who fired on them from rooftops, alley- wanted to move as kicked off. I was against the wall and
ways and doorways. fast as they could. thought: ‘If we were in an academic

February 2002 45

SM40-47 45 12/27/01, 1:01 PM


“Black Hawk Down”

Heike Hasenauer
John Collett, a SP4 SAW gunner
in 1993, had been on the movie set
since February. “It was hard to deal
with during the first few weeks,” he
said. “In my platoon, CPL Jamie
Smith, one of the real-life soldiers
environment, something like this focused on in the film, was killed.”
couldn’t go so wrong,’” Viola said. Smith’s story was among the
“I’d always wondered, ‘Will we worst. Medics in his unit worked to
actually do the mission the way we keep him alive and prayed for the
train to do it?’ We’d do the communi- rescue convoy to get him to a doctor.
cation the same, different elements A bullet had hit Smith in the thigh and
would be on different frequencies. traveled up into his groin, piercing
Bowden’s book makes it sound like major blood vessels. The medics had
there was a communication problem to reach inside Smith’s abdomen
because everyone couldn’t talk to each trying to find and clamp the vessels.
other at once,” Viola said. Collett came out of the battle
“There were some small errors due physically unscathed. “Our team
to the fog of battle,” he continued. “For leader, SGT Randy Ramaglia, was
example, from the air, telling someone with me when a bullet just grazed my
to take a left would be different from shoulder, taking the flag off my
being on the ground and telling them to uniform. It passed me and took a
go left. The guys were running along chunk out of Ramaglia’s underarm,” Pilots from the 160th Special Operations
the street and we tried to pick them said Collett, who left the Army in Aviation Regiment fly the “Little Bird” and
up… 2001 as a sergeant first class. Black Hawk helicopters in the film in vari-
“I was in the air Oct. 3. I’d been in “The convoy took the most hits,” ous scenes.
Somalia since August,” Viola said. Sizemore added. “Six soldiers were
“The Little Birds weren’t hit much. A killed, and there were numerous anyone,” Sizemore said. “But, you’ll
few mortar attacks were all we’d ever wounded. McKnight told me that see it sometimes. John Collett had to
gotten. I was down at the recreated site watching the kids get slaughtered was leave the set when ‘Jamie Smith’ got
where Wolcott crashed. It was real tough. killed.”
eerie. It took me a few days to realize “The guys who were actually there “I read the book and looked at
‘This is just a movie.’” don’t really share their emotions with research documents,” said actor Steven
Ford. He plays a fictitious soldier
named Joe Cribbs, an aide to TF
Heike Hasenauer

Ranger commander MG William


Garrison, played by Sam Shepard.
“It really came into focus for me
when I met the guys who walked those
streets in Mogadishu and fired the
weapons,” Ford said.
“The world moves so fast,” Ford
said. “This was a three-to-four-day blip
on the CNN radar screen. If you
missed it, you missed it.
“This film will highlight a very
important event for the Army, credit
those who fought, and tell the stories
about the people who lost their lives,”
he said. “Most people will never know
what it’s like to be 6,000 miles from
home and have to make split-second
decisions. I slept well at home before
participating in this movie, but after
meeting these guys, I’ll sleep even
better. My respect for the U.S. military
The Black Hawks that crashed in Mogadishu (recreated here for the film) crashed in forces has always been high, but it’s
confined spaces, which made rescue of their crews extremely difficult. gone up even more.”

46 Soldiers

SM40-47 46 1/14/02, 1:05 PM


BACKGROUND

Heike Hasenuaer
to a Battle
U
.S. military involvement in war-torn at night, three during the day.
Somalia began in 1992 as a hu- “In all of those missions, collectively, I
manitarian-aid mission to feed the took two bullets in my helicopter,” Matthews
African nation’s starving people. It culmi- said. “And I’d seen a total of maybe 12
nated on Oct. 3, 1993, with the deaths of 18 rocket-propelled grenades fired. But in those
soldiers in what U.S. military officials called 18 hours, the Somalis probably fired 200 to
the worst ground combat since the Vietnam 300 RPGs at us.”
War. On the day of the Mogadishu battle,
Eighty-four soldiers were wounded, special-operations force solders and rang-
some of them seriously. ers were to be flown to an area near the
“In December 1992, when we initially target building. After roping down, the SOF
went into Somalia, hundreds of people were troops would storm the building as rangers
starving. We fed them,” said retired COL formed a perimeter on the streets surround-
Tom Matthews, the air mission commander ing it. The SOF soldiers would extract two of
for Task Force Ranger’s 1st Battalion, 160th Aidid’s top men, and everyone would return
Special Operations Aviation Regiment, dur- to the rear without incident, via a ground An Army helicopter — one of several sup-
ing the battle. convoy of nine Humvees and three 5-ton porting the filming of “Black Hawk Down”
“With the March 1993 transition to United trucks. — flies an aerial sequence near rugged
Nations control, the focus changed to main- The assault force included some 160 cliffs on Morocco’s coast.
taining peace, including disarming the So- men. In the ground convoy, commanded by
malis,” Matthews said. LTC Danny McKnight, four members of a new mission — to rescue the downed heli-
In June 1993 Somali warlord Navy SEAL team augmented rangers and copter crews. The first Black Hawk, piloted
Mohammed Farrah Aidid’s clan massacred SOF operators. by CW2 Cliff Wolcott, went down in a nar-
24 Pakistani peacekeepers, “literally skin- Four rocket-armed AH-6 “Little Bird” row alley after being hit by an RPG. The
ning them alive. Then the U.N. mission helicopters provided air support. Four MH- second bird, piloted by CW2 Michael Durant,
progressed to a U.N. ‘Chapter 7’ mission, 6 troop-carrier versions of the small heli- crashed in a small courtyard surrounded by
which means you can use force if neces- copter were fitted with benches mounted on ramshackle huts.
sary,” Matthews said. both sides below the doors. They carried Outnumbered U.S. troops were pinned
“A month later we were now at war, and the SOF personnel, the spearhead of the down in the littered city streets as thou-
a $25,000 bounty was put on Aidid’s head,” assault force. sands of Somali militiamen and civilians let
he said. Additionally, eight Black Hawk helicop- loose a hail of gunfire and RPGs.
For TF Ranger — a U.S. Special Opera- ters delivered some of the SOF soldiers, the For Americans, the brutal reality of com-
tions Command force composed of soldiers rangers, the CSAR team and two mission bat intensified with the Oct. 4 CNN broad-
from Company B, 3rd Battalion, 75th Ranger commanders — LTC Tom Matthews, who cast of Somali mobs dragging the battered,
Regiment, from Fort Benning, Ga.; special coordinated with 160th SOAR pilots, and lifeless bodies of U.S. soldiers through
operations soldiers from Fort Bragg, N.C.; the SOF unit’s LTC Gary Harrell, who com- Mogadishu’s filthy streets.
160th SOAR aviators from Fort Campbell, manded troops on the ground. Red Cross officials later estimated 500
Ky., and Hunter Army Airfield, Ga.; and a The men had performed missions like Somalis were killed and thousands
crack combat search-and-rescue team — this many times before. But this mission, wounded.
the mission in Somalia was to have been expected to take roughly an hour, lasted 18 The episode in Mogadishu raised con-
fairly easy. hours. During that time, two of the task siderable controversy throughout the mili-
“In two months we ‘spun’ up — pre- force’s Black Hawks crashed in the most tary and civilian sectors about when U.S.
pared to react to missions — about 40 populated area of the city, and the convoy soldiers should be deployed to potentially
times,” Matthews said. “We did it to numb that was intended to get the troops out hostile areas, how many should be sent and
the population to our presence. We actually became lost. what type of back up should be in place. —
executed six missions before this — three Suddenly, the task force took on a whole Heike Hasenauer

February 2002 47

SM40-47 47 1/14/02, 11:13 AM


Around the Services Compiled by Paul Disney from service reports

Air Force
C-17 Globemaster III aircrews dropped the
one-millionth humanitarian daily ration in an
ongoing campaign to feed refugees in Af-
ghanistan.
Without fanfare, a loadmaster aboard
one of the C-17s dropped the single ration
from the rear of the plane. The airlifts have
been dropping 34,000 to 70,000 HDRs every
night since Oct. 8, when Operation Enduring
Freedom began.

Department of Defense
DOD health officials have released
an information paper that indicates no U.S. or
coalition troops sent to the Balkans have been
exposed to health threats related to depleted
uranium.
Navy Depleted uranium is a prime component in
A new oceanographic research vessel, some U.S. weapons. In early 2001 international
USNS Kilo Moana, was recently commis- media reported a link between depleted uranium
sioned in Jacksonville, Fla., by Hawaii Senator and leukemia in Italian peacekeepers who served
Daniel Inouye. The vessel, whose name means in the Balkans. Studies by European health
“oceanographer” in Hawaiian, will perform a broad agencies and international organizations back
range of research in coastal and deep-ocean areas. the U.S. study’s conclusions.
✩ U.S. Government Printing Office: 2002—491-54020025

Marines
The Marines airlifted into southern Af-
ghanistan to set up a forward operating
base are to be replaced by soldiers of the
101st Airborne Division from Fort
Campbell, Ky. U.S. forces will continue to
use the base to support anti-Taliban forces
in Afghanistan and to aid in humanitarian-
assistance efforts.

48 Soldiers

SM48 48 1/4/02, 10:42 AM


Corps

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Office of History


The success of
the bridges and
the self-help
program were

Bridge early tributes to


the Corps’ efforts
to improve the
everyday lives of

Saves An Afghan villager walks across the old bridge in the province
of Laghman.
the Afghan
people.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Office of History


Lives
D
URING the 1960s the U.S.
Agency for International
Development sought assistance
from the U.S. Army Corps of
Engineers in overcoming a hazardous
situation in the Afghan province of
Laghman.
While making their way to market Villagers line up to cross the newly completed “Cricket Bridge” designed
or school, many Afghan villagers by the Corps’ Mediterranean Division’s Area Engineer office.
risked falling to their deaths while
attempting to cross flooded rivers on
antiquated and unstable bridges. The
Corps’ Mediterranean Division’s Area designed two bridge variations — one completion, “the Cricket” fell from the
Engineer office designed a new type of strictly for pedestrian and animal bridge and drowned. Soon after his
bridge to solve the problem. Also, in crossing, and another that would death a flood washed out the old
an effort to allow for future construc- allow vehicle crossing. bridge.
tion, the engineers ensured all building The first suspension bridge was Two additional bridges were later
materials except for the cables and built for less than $1,000, and timing constructed in the province. The
connectors were locally obtainable. of its emplacement was fortuitous. An success of the bridges and the self-help
The design of the bridge was old man nicknamed “the Cricket” had program were early tributes to the
simple and easily replicated. Steel been maintaining a decrepit older Corps’ efforts to improve the everyday
cables replaced old rope. The maxi- bridge. Prior to the new bridge’s lives of the Afghan people.
mum load was 1,000 pounds per 3-
meter section — based on the approxi-
mate weight of a loaded donkey with a
2.8 meters clear width. Engineers Check this out website
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers’
at www.hq.usace.army.mil/history
Text provided by USACE Office of History

February 2002 49

SMCov03 49 1/14/02, 11:25 AM


Mike Mayweather
Mayweather is Army’s career rushing leader with 4,299 yards. He also
established the West Point single-season mark, with 1,338 yards in
1990, and finished 10th in the Heisman Trophy balloting. The St.
Louis, Mo., native served as a field artillery officer and is currently an
account manager for a TV station near his hometown.

2
West Point — 200 Years of Athletic Excellence Soldiers

SMCov04 2 12/28/01, 8:23 AM