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The Official U.S.

Army Magazine
New Poster inside ... plus a Holiday message.
December 2002
www.soldiersmagazine.com

Serving
God
and
Country The Blue-Green
Christmas
Stryker in
the Spotlight
December 2002 Volume 57, No. 12

MC ’02 at NTC
14 Stryker in the Spotlight
The Stryker — the Army’s new,
The Official wheeled infantry carrier vehicle — was
U.S. Army Magazine the focus of attention during the Army
Secretary of the Army: Thomas E. White portion of Exercise Millennium Chal-
Chief of Staff: GEN Eric K. Shinseki
Chief of Public Affairs: MG Larry D. Gottardi
lenge 2002 at the National Training
Chief, Command Information: COL James M. Allen Center at Fort Irwin, Calif.

Soldiers Staff
Editor in Chief: LTC John E. Suttle
Managing Editor: Gil High
Production Editor: Steve Harding
Art Director: Helen Hall VanHoose
Associate Art Director: Paul Henry Crank
Senior Editor: Heike Hasenauer
Photo Editor: SSG Alberto Betancourt
Special Products Editor: Beth Reece
Graphic Designer: LeRoy Jewell
Executive Secretary: Joseph T. Marsden

Printing: Gateway Press, Inc.

Soldiers (ISSN 0093-8440) is published monthly under super-


vision of the Army Chief of Public Affairs to provide the Total
FEATURES
Army with information on people, policies, operations, technical
developments, trends and ideas of and about the Department of
the Army. The views and opinions expressed are not necessarily
those of the Department of the Army. ■ Manuscripts of interest
to Army personnel are invited. Direct communication is autho-
4 Serving God and Country
rized to Editor, Soldiers, 9325 Gunston Road, Suite S108, Chaplains offer spiritual
Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5581. Phone: DSN 656-4486 or com-
mercial (703) 806-4486. Or send e-mail to soldiers@ 20 guidance wherever soldiers
belvoir.army.mil. ■ Unless otherwise indicated (and except for feel a need for the presence of
“by permission” and copyright items), material may be reprinted
provided credit is given to Soldiers and the author. ■ All God.
photographs by U.S. Army except as otherwise credited.
■ Military distribution: From the U.S. Army Distribution Opera-
tions Facility, 1655 Woodson Road, St. Louis, MO 63114-6181,
24 20 Kitchen Artistry
in accordance with Initial Distribution Number (IDN) 050007
subscription requirements submitted by commanders. ■ The Ensuring that the food soldiers
Secretary of the Army has determined that the publication of this
periodical is necessary in the transaction of the public business eat is both nourishing and
as required by law of the department. ■ Use of funds for printing appetizing is as much an art as
this publication was approved by the Secretary of the Army on
Sept. 2, 1986, in accordance with the provisions of Army Regu- it is a science.
lation 25-30. Library of Congress call number: U1.A827. ■
Periodicals postage paid at Fort Belvoir, VA, and additional
mailing offices. ■ Individual domestic subscriptions are available
at $38 per year through the Superintendent of Documents, P.O.
24 From Horse Blood to Hot
Box 371954, Pittsburgh, PA 15250-7954. For credit card orders
call (202) 512-1800 or FAX (202) 512-2250. ■ To change
Pockets
addresses for individual subscriptions, send your mailing label
with changes to: Superintendent of Documents, Mail Stop SSOM,
30 Military rations have come a
Washington, DC 20402. ■ POSTMASTER: Send address long way since Mongol
changes to the Fort Belvoir address above. horsemen used their mounts
as last-ditch nutrition sources.
www.soldiersmagazine.com
Holiday Message 13

Soldiers Radio ve 12
30 One Tough Track
The Army and Marine Corps
have joined forces in the
creation of a state-of-the-art
vehicle test track. DEPARTMENTS
Li
Front cover:
A special forces
33 The Blue-Green Christmas 2 Feedback soldier prays
Texas Guard members help 10 Briefings during a candle-
make the holidays memo-
36 Sharp Shooters light service in
rable for families in need.
40 Postmarks Mazar-e-Sharif,
42 Legal Forum Afghanistan. —
34 Leapfest ’02 44 Focus On People Photo by Staff Sgt.
Every year soldiers from
46 Around the Services Cecilio Ricardo,
around the world gather for
49 Corps of Engineers — USAF
the International Military
Parachute Competition. The White House

47 Soldiers Index
Feedback
From the Editor
A POPULAR theme in
USMA Athlete More Poster Praise
I’d like to respond to CPT Joe I’m a member of the California National
religious literature is the
Berger’s October Feedback Guard, and am working in the California
journey into the wilderness. letter complaining about West Department of Justice’s Anti-Terrorism
There the protagonist Point graduate Andy Information Center. I put up the “Army
would endure great hard- Lundbohm leaving the service of One” poster from the September
ship, suffering and trial. He to play professional hockey — issue, and everyone loved it!
would emerge from the before his five-year military Here’s my question: How can I
desert with a profound commitment had been fulfilled. get more copies of the poster and
I am willing to wager that the magazine?
knowledge of his strengths
the number of U.S. Military SGT William Heintz
and weaknesses and with Academy graduates who via e-mail
his mission and purpose on actually get the opportunity to
Earth crystal clear. compete in professional sports I’m sure you’ve received lots of similar requests, but how can
For a modern-day is less than one half of one I obtain a copy of the “Army of One” poster that was in the
percent per year. September issue? The copy had already been removed
desert ordeal, Steve
Like economics, athletes before the magazine reached our unit.
Harding takes us to the SPC Thomas C. Wilkinson
hit a point (or an age) of
Mojave Desert in “Stryker in diminishing returns. On Fort Pickett, Va.
the Spotlight,” where the average, this age is
Army’s first Stryker Combat around 24. It would We’re pleased at the very positive response
Brigade Team was put to therefore not be feasible to the “Let’s Roll” poster from the September
for some of these gifted issue. For additional copies, contact us while
the test during Exercise
men and women to supplies last. For additional copies of the
Millennium Challenge 2002. “Special Operations” poster in this
soldier for five years and
While fasting often was month’s issue, ask your publications
then try to play their
a part of ancient desert respective sports at their officer to order DA POSTER 360-213
religious experiences, peak levels. DEC 02.
today’s desert warriors are In most cases of these
in no danger of going select one or two per year, part exceptions granted by U.S.
hungry. In “From Horse of the athlete’s contract goes sec- Total Army Personnel Com-
Blood to Hot Pockets,” to paying the Army a large ond lieuten- mand to lieutenants for early
sum of money. If CPT Berger ant, field artillery, on release from the active-duty
Heike Hasenauer takes a
could pay half of his $200,000 May 29, 1999. His active-duty service obligation on a case-
look at the evolution of contract to chase his dream, I service obligation upon grad- by-case basis, but these were
Army rations. And in imagine that he would do it, uation and commissioning was normally for downsizing issues
“Kitchen Artistry,” Beth too. five years. within specific year groups. We
Reece takes us to Fort Lee, CPT Jamie Uptgraft Part of the confusion on do not know if LT Lundbohm
Va., for a look at the Fort Hood, Texas Andy Lundbohm may be that asked for or was granted one
making of Army chefs. from 1997 on, all graduates of of these exceptions.”
We’ve had many letters the U.S. Military Academy at
Finally, Beth journeys to
regarding Andy Lundbohm’s West Point received Army
the U.S. Army Chaplain apparently abbreviated active Reserve commissions. All No Printed LES?
Center and School at Fort military career, so we con- were required to serve on The Defense Finance and
Jackson, S.C., for a look at tacted West Point for clarifica- active duty. Before this, all Accounting Service “MyPay”
the making of Army tion. We received the following graduates were commissioned Web site has an option that
chaplains. reply from Joseph V. Tom- in the Regular Army. Another allows service members to
All of us at Soldiers brello, the chief of command issue, and perhaps of greatest stop the hard-copy delivery of
information in West Point’s consequence, is that whatever their leave and earning state-
wish you the happiest of Public Affairs Office: was worked out between LT ments (LESs). The reason
holidays. Lundbohm and the Army was given for going to electronic-
“Andrew Alan Lundbohm, done after his graduation from only LESs is that it gives more
USMA Class of 1999, gradu- West Point. privacy and saves money.
ated and was commissioned a We are aware of some The problem is that turning

2 Soldiers
off the hard-copy delivery series, from the original letter feel it necessary to write letters black beret is only a form of
option does not work for Army to the latest reply in the justifying how “important” they headgear, not a mission-
personnel. A DFAS person I October edition. and their units are, and how essential piece of equipment,
spoke with had talked to the In line with SSG Scott’s it’s so necessary for them to and its absence won’t keep
EMSS people, who said that point, I cheerfully volunteer to get black berets at the same any real soldiers from doing
Army commanders need the send our anonymous comrade time as everyone else. their jobs.
LESs for some reason. in arms my one beret, through Anyone who truly thinks it SSG James Ortega
But the MyPay site does the good offices of the through would realize that the Fort Bragg, N.C.
not mention this requirement “Soldiers” staff, so that he/she
for Army personnel. So LESs can use their clothing allow-
— which carry our Social ance on something else.
Security numbers, bank After all, it is the mission of
account numbers and pay the Reserve to support our
information — continue to be active-duty brethren.
seen by several people before SPC Richard C. Adams
they get to us. via e-mail
Doesn’t sound real secure,
does it? Soldiers — whether active,
MSG Kenneth R. Shepherd National Guard or Reserve —
Evansville, IN should realize that the black
berets, like any other equip-
ment item, have to be issued
More on the Beret in some logical order. And, just
I happened across the as with the M-4 rifle, fielding of
discussion about the issuing of the beret began with the units Soldiers is for soldiers and DA civilians. We invite readers’ views. Stay under 150
words — a post card will do — and include your name, rank and address. We’ll
the black beret while perusing that were the most deployable. withhold your name if you desire and may condense your views because of space.
September’s “Feedback,” and It truly blows my mind that We can’t publish or answer every one, but we’ll use representative views. Write to:
Feedback, Soldiers, 9325 Gunston Road, Suite S108, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-
have since read the entire so many soldiers would even 5581, or e-mail: soldiers@belvoir.army.mil.

December 2002 3
Serving God

4 Soldiers
and Country Story and Photos by Beth Reece

P ICTURE war without someone to pray for soldiers’ souls,


birth without baptism or a marriage without the wedding
ceremony.
“I can’t imagine the Army without a chaplaincy. What we
do in helping people connect with God lasts forever. It’s eternal,”
said CSM Robin Rankin of the U.S. Army Chaplain Center and
School at Fort Jackson, S.C.
More than 2,500 active-duty and reserve-component chaplains
currently serve God and country by providing religious support to
soldiers and families stationed around the world. They offer
spiritual guidance in chapels, foxholes, dining facilities, motor
pools and anywhere else soldiers feel a need for the presence of
God.

Training Army Chaplains


To become an Army chaplain, candidates must be ordained
and obtain approval from their faith group’s national headquar-
ters. Chaplain candidates then spend three months in the Chaplain
Officer Basic Course at USACHCS learning such skills as
conducting military funerals, advising family support groups and
providing religious services on the battlefield.
“Most chaplain candidates arrive here knowing they want to
serve their country but not knowing anything about how the Army
works,” said USACHCS’s commandant, Chaplain (COL) Hal
Roller. “We have to teach them the fundamentals of soldiering —
starting with how to wear the uniform — and at the same time
instill in them the uniqueness of their jobs as military chaplains.”
USACHCS instructors stress the ministry-of-presence con-
cept.
“How many civilian pastors actually get to go to the factory
with their parishioners? Deploying and training alongside soldiers
not only enhances the Army ministry,” Roller explained, “it is the
ministry.”
The basic course starts with combat-survival training and
includes physical fitness, first aid, map reading, and day and night

December 2002 5
Nella Hobson
land navigation. Chaplain candidates in numerous areas of operations. That
also run confidence courses, rappel means providing such details as
and learn to use protective gear soldiers’ proper dress when leaving the
during a trip to the gas chamber. compound, and which days are
The transformation to military considered holy by local religious
ministry continues with instruction custom.
on leadership, communication and “Back home in Oklahoma churches
counseling, Army writing and are far apart, and if one is bombed
military history. we’ll just build another. But some
Though chaplains provide countries have shrines almost every-
individual and family counseling, as where, and if you bomb a single one
do civilian clergy members, there can be major consequences,” said
USACHCS helps students understand Chaplain (MAJ) Jo Ann Mann, an
that soldiers’ trials often differ from instructor for the basic course. “These
those of civilian congregants. factors are an important part of
“We deal with deployments and mission planning.”
family separations, and sometimes
we face life-and-death situations.
Civilian pastors aren’t used to Perform or Provide
handling such hardships in their Army chaplains are categorized into
hometown parishes,” said chaplain five faith groups: Catholic, Protestant,
candidate CPT Jim Staggers, a recent Jewish, Muslim and Orthodox. To
USACHCS graduate and National show the wide span of each group,
Guard member who leads a small
rural church in Indiana.
With the U.S. military presence
Chaplain candidates at USACHCS learn spread across the globe, chaplains
the value of teamwork on the confidence
course. Here, two candidates help another
must also advise commanders on
to the top of an obstacle. religious and cultural issues prevalent

PVT Shirley Irons shoots an azimuth. Land


navigation is a vital skill for chaplain as-
sistants, who must be able to get their
“We deal with deploy- chaplains to where they’re needed.

ments and family


Nella Hobson

separations, and
sometimes we face
life-and-death situa-
tions. Civilian pastors
aren’t used to handling
such hardships...” Like all soldiers, chaplains must be ready to face whatever conditions may exist in the
field. The training at USACHCS helps ensure they have the necessary field skills.

6 Soldiers
The Chaplain’s Eyes and Ears
P FC Nathan Kane would follow his chaplain anywhere.
“If I were out there dying, I’d hope another chaplain assistant would
have the strength to protect the chaplain’s life at all costs so I could be
comforted by someone of my faith,” Kane said.
All Army chaplains are paired with an assistant whose main goal in
combat is to keep the unarmed chaplain alive. Though assistants provide
an array of support in garrison and field environments, much of their
training focuses on wartime survival.
“Map reading and land navigation are two of the most important things
for a chaplain assistant to know,” said SFC Edgar Epps, an AIT instructor
at the U.S. Army Chaplain Center and School at Fort Jackson, S.C. “If we
can’t read an eight- or six-digit grid coordinate and can’t orient ourselves
with the land, then we won’t be able to get around. And if we can’t get to
where the soldiers are located, chaplains can’t do their jobs.”
Assistants are so crucial to the protection of chaplains’ lives that even
Though they do not perform services or during field religious services they keep watch for approaching enemies.
sacraments of denominations other than
their own, chaplains coordinate religious But chaplain assistants are more than lifesavers, said Epps, who likes
support for soldiers of all faith groups. to think of assistants as a “conglomerate of professionals.”
“We do logistics, finance, security and just about everything a head-
Chaplain (LTC) Charles Howell, quarters company does. We possess many talents,” he said.
USACHCS’ chief of officer training, In garrison, assistants prepare for services, safeguard privileged
noted that there are more than 1,600 communication that passes between chaplains and those they counsel,
Protestant denominations in America. maintain volunteer information, identify suicide risk factors, purchase
Of 63 chaplain students attending a chapel supplies and more. And since chaplain assistants are enlisted,
recent basic course, 35 denominations they are often the first to be aware
were represented. of problems in the unit.
The need to accept religious “A chaplain assistant is the
diversity is nonnegotiable for military chaplain’s eyes and ears,” said
chaplains. Though not required to MSG Linda Gandy, chief of enlisted
compromise their individual faiths by training at the school. “A private is
performing services of other denomi- going to go to another private and a
nations, chaplains are required to specialist is going to go to another
arrange appropriate religious support specialist before they talk to the
for soldiers of all faith groups. captain about what’s on their minds.
“If someone comes to me and It’s the buddy thing.”
says, ‘Chaplain, I’ve got a crisis,’ my Chaplain assistants are taught to
first question is ‘What is your faith get out and mingle with other
group?’ If he says he’s Lutheran, I’m soldiers. “You can’t stay in the office
ready to talk. But if he says he’s and be an effective chaplain
PFC Peter Keith stands guard while
Roman Catholic I have the responsi- assistant,” Gandy added. “You have his chaplain, who cannot carry arms,
bility of putting that soldier in touch to be visible, and you have to get to provides religious services.
with a Catholic priest,” said Chaplain know the people in the unit.”
(COL) Hank Steinhilber, the Most chaplain assistants join the Army with the desire to take care of
USACHCS director of training. other people, according to Epps.
“So there’s no evangelistic fervor “A lot of people still associate us with coffee and donuts after Sunday
services,” he said. “But we do one of the most important jobs in the Army.
We help make way for people to practice their First Amendment right of
religious freedom.” — Beth Reece

December 2002 7
Chaplains provide religious services in hospitals, motor pools, confinement facilities, field sites and anywhere else soldiers feel
the need for pastoral guidance.

in the sense of stealing other people’s they were concerned about being in expression that the Army took their
sheep. If someone tells me they’re the field during Ramadan,” she said. “I faith seriously. It’s an incredible thing
Baptist, I want them to be the best admit I had no idea what Ramadan when someone helps you affirm and
Baptist they can be, so I help them get was at the time.” practice your faith, even though it’s
to a Baptist chaplain who can help Learning that the two Muslim not their own.”
work out whatever problems they soldiers couldn’t eat pork, salt or white Jewish Chaplain (CPT) Henry
have,” Steinhilber added. flour, Mann arranged suitable meals Soussan is a recent USACHCS
According to Mann, handling through the unit’s mess sergeant. She graduate, currently stationed at Fort
religious pluralism is a matter of also encouraged the commander to Sill, Okla. One of several foreign
treating other soldiers as she would place the two soldiers in the same nationals who’ve joined the Army
like to be treated. She reminds chap- location during the exercise so they Chaplaincy, the German native said he
lain candidates to reach out to the could observe their religious traditions feels free to express his views in the
soldiers in their units and discover the together. Army, and gladly pledges to support
unique needs of those who practice “If I hadn’t been there, I don’t soldiers of all faith groups.
faiths other than their own. know who would’ve spoken for the “I don’t think there’s anything like
“I remember getting ready for a soldiers. There’s a tendency to blow this in the world, where there is such a
training exercise in Korea when two people off when they’re different,” degree of pluralism and culturalism,”
Muslim soldiers came to me and said Mann said. “But I was able to offer the he said. “The chaplain program shows

“The chaplain program shows how strong


American democracy is. It validates every
person’s beliefs.”
8 Soldiers
how strong American democracy is. It
validates every person’s beliefs.”

The Human Dimension


Chaplains are sought for their
compassion and unbiased views. Their
advice is frequently solicited by
commanders who struggle with ques-
tions of how to best discipline soldiers.
“A commander will say, ‘Tell me
the part I can’t see. Why shouldn’t I
‘burn’ this soldier? Why shouldn’t I
kick this soldier out of the Army? Why
shouldn’t we shell that hospital the Chaplain assistants prepare for services in both garrison and field environments, help-
ing ensure that the religious experience is as meaningful as possible.
enemy is using as a shelter?’” said
Howell.
Since chaplains do not bear arms, in Army chaplains also help counter “We help them make the distinction
accordance with the Geneva Conven- the destruction and hatred soldiers that, yes, they fired a weapon; yes, they
tion, soldiers may wonder why the sometimes face in combat. By helping killed someone. But they did it in
Army doesn’t simply contract civilian soldiers understand the ethics of what combat for a reason which doesn’t
clergy to provide religious support. they do in war, chaplains offer soldiers exist at home,” he said.
“The most critical time in a person’s a healthy perspective on right and Some may question whether
life is when they’re being shot at, and wrong, said Chaplain (MAJ) Randall military and religious values are
that’s when you really can’t get local Dolinger, senior instructor for the contradictory, but the school’s com-
Sunday school teachers or pastors to USACHCS Chaplain Career Course, mandant points out that Army values
drop what they’re doing and jump into which is attended by chaplains who’ve are an expression of religious values.
the trenches,” Howell said. served for five or more years. “Religion is a part of humanity. It
defines our nature and who we are, and
it’s always been a foundation of
American society,” Roller said. “To be
without the chaplaincy would leave a
tremendous void in the American
Army.”

To learn more about becoming


an Army chaplain, visit
http://chaplain.goarmy.com.

A chaplain’s guidance can help soldiers understand the ethics of what they do in war,
and offer them a healthy perspective on right and wrong.

December 2002 9
Briefings Compiled by Gil High and SSG Alberto Betancourt
and the War
on Terrorism
Each of the services in October announced de-
creases of reserve-component members on active duty in
support of the partial mobilization. At press time, 31,324
Army National Guard and Army Reserve soldiers were on
active duty. The total number of reserve-component
personnel for all services was 59,990, including both
units and individual augmentees.

U.S. Army Corps of Engineers officials announced six


concept finalists in the Pentagon Memorial competition
after a jury reviewed 1,126 entries that met competition
rules. Each competitor received a stipend to help defray
SSG Sterling Deck and SFC Gregory
costs of further development of their ideas, and jurors will Thompson send Christmas greetings
meet again this month to select the winning concept. The from aboard an E-8C JSTARS aircraft
site for the memorial is on the grounds of the Pentagon operating high above Afghanistan. The
near where the hijacked airliner hit the building on Sept. two are members of the sophisticated
reconnaissance aircraft’s joint-
11, 2001. service crew.

Congress passed military spending legislation that


gives the Department of Defense a nearly $40 billion
boost as it continues the war on terrorism and prepares
for possible war with Iraq. President George W. Bush SPC John Townsend (left) of the
said the budget increase will “provide our troops with the 82nd Airborne Division and Span-
ish army Sgt. Miguel Acosta
best pay, the best equipment and the best possible (right) fire weapons during a fa-
training. It also sends an important signal that we are miliarization event sponsored by
committed to defending freedom and defeating terror.” the Italian army contingent in
Afghanistan.
Selected special forces noncommissioned officers
SPC Marie Schult

near retirement are being offered cash bonuses if they


choose to remain on active duty. Soldiers with various
specialties are eligible to receive an $8,000- to $10,000-
a-year bonus if they sign on for two or more years of
service. The re-enlistment incentives followed a Septem-
ber announcement that soldiers who had been affected
by Stop-Loss initiatives would be allowed to request
voluntary separation from the Army. Since Stop-Loss was
partially lifted, some personnel officials were concerned
that the Army would lose some of its retirement-eligible
soldiers in military occupational specialties that are
already short.

The Afghan National Army gained a third battalion


when more than 360 trainees graduated Oct. 3 and
departed for a Ministry of Defense facility outside the city.
The 1st Bn., 3rd Special Forces Group, from Fort Bragg,
N.C, trained two of the first three battalions that went
through the program, and began training the fifth battal-
ion in late October. French soldiers trained the second
and fourth battalions.

10 Soldiers
PFC Matthew Acosta
Soldiers at Bagram Air
Base cheer the start of
the NASCAR Monte Carlo
400 auto race, which was
televised with four live
shots from the allied base
in Afghanistan.

SPC Marie Schult

PFC Christopher Estrada, a forward


observer with the 82nd Airborne
Division’s 3rd Battalion, 505th
Infantry Regiment, radios information
to the security-force commander for
Afghanistan’s Kandahar region.

SPC Jason B. Baker


PFC Daniel Will-
iams and PVT
Joshua Carr of
Battery A, 1st
Battalion, 319th
Field Artillery
Regiment, brace
themselves as
their 120mm
mortar fires a
round downrange
during training
near Kandahar
Airfield.

December 2002 11
Melody Day (both)

SGT Jennifer-Rebecca Williams discusses SRTV’s new live-radio initiative with deputy chief of Army public affairs BG
Robert E. Gaylord during the annual convention of the Association of the U.S. Army.

Soldiers Radio e
S OLDIERS Radio and Television is webcasting music,
live Department of Defense news briefings and Army
radio news 24-hours-a-day on the Army Homepage.
The new service began during the Association of the U.S.
Army’s annual meeting, when SRTV webcast Secretary of the
Army Thomas E. White’s opening remarks on Oct. 21 and a
delayed broadcast of Army Chief of Staff GEN Eric K. Shinseki’s
Oct. 22 speech. Throughout the conference SRTV conducted
live one-on-one interviews with other senior Army leaders. The interviews
were interspersed with musical programming, news and announcements.
SRTV has secured permission to webcast vast digital libraries of
Liv
classic rock, country and other contemporary music through agreements
with a number of music licensing companies.
The programming is broadcast in the most advanced format available
— MPEG4. Currently the best free player available for MPEG4 is
Quicktime Version 6.

me 6
ick i
T rmat able
Qu G 4 Fo AvaiRadio
l To access Soldiers
MPEe Playerhomepage Live, and to install
Quicktime, go to the Army
Fre at

www.army.mil
and click on “Soldiers Radio Live” at the left-hand
side of the page.

12 Soldiers
2002 Holiday
Message
D
uring the holidays, families gather to share in the celebrations of the
season. Our Army family is unique — among us, we share a special
“We could not bond, a common understanding of the inherent sacrifices and hardships
of being an Army family. So we are additionally blessed to be able to
be more proud celebrate our special heritage — the legacy of hope that our Soldiers
represent to the Nation.
of all of you
On a bitter-cold Christmas night in 1776, General George Washington and his
and of the Continental Army crossed the Delaware River to execute a bold plan against the
magnificent British forces. Driving sleet and snow made the freezing temperatures all the more
unbearable. Despite those harsh conditions, the Soldiers did not complain — some of
work you do them had no shoes; some wrapped rags around their feet to help keep them warm;
still others remained barefoot. As one of General Washington’s staff officers re-
each and every corded, the Soldiers were “ready to suffer any hardship and die rather than give up
their liberty.” In the most difficult conditions, against the greatest odds, the Soldiers
day to pre- performed magnificently, and their victory in the Battle of Trenton the day after
Christmas renewed the hopes of freedom in the American Revolution.
serve the gifts
of hope and of And undiminished still today is that same spirit of determination, perseverance,
selfless service and courage that moved the Soldiers of the Continental Army on
freedom that Christmas night in 1776. We share in the enduring legacy of those who first fought
and died to win our freedom — we stand on the shoulders of the brave men and
we cherish.” women who have preceded us.

We know that we do not soldier alone. With each of our Soldiers on point in more
than 120 countries around the globe is the spirit of a tremendous family — a family
whose courage, sacrifice, and steadfastness are inspiring to us all. And all of our
efforts, all of our successes, all of our magnificent moments as an Army will continue
to be delivered by our people — Soldiers, civilians, veterans, retirees, and all of their
families. We are grateful for their commitment, their loyalty, and their devotion.

We could not be more proud of all of you and of the magnificent work you do
each and every day to preserve the gifts of hope and of freedom that we cherish. May
you have a safe, fulfilling, and joyful Holiday Season and a prosperous New Year.
God bless each of you and your families, God bless The Army, and God bless this
great Nation.

Eric K. Shinseki Thomas E. White


General, United States Army Secretary of the Army
Chief of Staff
Stryker in Story by Steve Harding

W
HEN the soldiers of the Army’s Stryker Brigade
Combat Team took their innovative vehicles to the
National Training Center at Fort Irwin, Calif., a few
months ago, they knew they’d be challenged by the
harsh desert and NTC’s world-class opposing force.
What they didn’t expect was the intensity of the news media’s focus
on every aspect of the Stryker’s performance.
“Yes, we seem to be attracting a fair amount of attention,” said MAJ
James Lechner, executive officer of the 5th Battalion, 20th Infantry. “It
seems like just about everybody is interested in how we do out here.”
That interest is not surprising, Lechner said, given that the Fort
Lewis, Wash.-based SBCT — formally known as 3rd Bde., 2nd Inf.
Division — is a key component of the Army’s transformation strategy.
“This is a new type of unit, using cutting-edge systems,” he said.
“The Army has invested a lot of time, effort, money and technology in
us, and now it’s time for us to show what we can do.” (continued on page 16)

14 Soldiers
the Spotlight

A Stryker infantry carrier vehicle of the Fort Lewis-


based 3rd Bde., 2nd Inf. Div., is dwarfed by the vast
open spaces of the National Training Center during
Army Transformation Experiment 2002. Steve Harding

December 2002 15
An Air Force C-130 brings the first Stryker into NTC’s Bicycle Lake Airfield.

q Into the Desert “... and it takes, on


The SBCT’s chance to demonstrate
its capabilities, while at the same time
average, only about 15
refining its own operational tech-
niques, came in late July. Sixteen
minutes from the time
Stryker infantry carrier vehicles and
nearly 1,000 3rd Bde. soldiers de-
the Stryker rolls off the
ployed to NTC to participate in Army
Transformation Experiment 2002, the
C-130 until it’s fully
Army component of the much larger
joint-services exercise known as
combat capable.”
Millennium Challenge 2002 [see accurately replicates our full battalion,
sidebar on page 19]. with all of the assets and electronic
“The Army’s part of MC 02, ATEx support we’re supposed to have, and
02, is all about information superiority then work within the framework of a
and rapid and decisive operations,” joint force.”
said COL Abe Turner, the 82nd
Airborne Div.’s assistant division
commander for operations and com- q Getting to the Fight
mander of the Army forces “fighting” The first example of joint-force
at NTC. operations for the SBCT occurred
“The Strykers can potentially when its Strykers were airlifted to
enhance both,” he said. “Their onboard California aboard Air Force C-17
electronic systems give them a tremen- transports. The vehicles then trans-
dous ability to send and receive vital ferred to smaller C-130s and airlanded
intelligence and situational-awareness at NTC’s Bicycle Lake Airfield, which
information, while their speed and had been “captured” earlier by 750
maneuverability could contribute paratroopers of the 82nd Abn. Div.’s
tremendously to the overall pace and 1st Bn., 325th Inf. Regiment.
decisiveness of the battle.” “Once the 82nd Abn. had taken the
Determining the extent of the airfield and established a perimeter, we
Stryker’s potential was a major goal of came in to build combat power behind vehicles were loaded. When the
ATEx 02, Turner said, as was finding them,” Lechner said. “We set up an Stryker rolled clear of the plane’s
out how well the vehicle would stand assembly area, then brought in the ramp, soldiers moved in quickly to
up to the tactical and mechanical Strykers and our tactical operations raise the antennas, reinstall exterior
challenges of high-tempo operations in center.” stowage racks and put the top-mounted
a harsh environment. Because of weight and size limita- weapon system back in place.
“We’ve been training intensely at tions, each C-130 brought in just one “The whole process is fairly
Fort Lewis and Yakima Training Stryker, each of which had certain simple,” Lechner said, “and it takes, on
Center, of course,” Lechner said. “But exterior fittings lowered so that average, only about 15 minutes from
this is the first time we’ve been able to soldiers and airmen could safely move the time the Stryker rolls off the C-130
come to the field with a force that around the aircraft’s interior once the until it’s fully combat capable.”
16 Soldiers
(Left) SGT Tom Bradbury

With it’s antennas and weapon mount lowered, the Stryker rolls from the C-130’s ramp. Mark Loi

The Stryker’s first mission was to The attack on the first objective
q Into Battle secure a simulated weapons-of-mass-
effect storage area. Manned by soldiers
required the Strykers to undertake a
grueling 97-mile movement to contact,
The whole purpose of including the of the SBCT’s Company A, 5th Bn., which they accomplished in just seven
SBCT in ATEx 02 was to evaluate the 20th Inf., the vehicles moved on the hours despite engaging enemy forces
unit’s ability to deploy quickly and, objective with the speed that is their en route.
once in the operational area, use its hallmark. “That shows you one of the
unique maneuver capability and “We isolated the first objective and Stryker’s real strengths,” said 1LT
information superiority to take deci- a follow-on force secured it,” Lechner Nathan A. Molica, Co. A’s executive
sive action. And that’s exactly what said. “Then we went on to our second officer. “There’s no other way we
the SBCT did over the course of objective, a simulated surface-to- could have gotten that number of
operations at NTC, Lechner said. surface missile site.” troops that far in the available time,
December 2002 17
Steve Harding
The Strykers proved themselves capable of carrying each squad’s essential equipment.

given the enemy situation. And the


best part is that when those infantry-
“No system comes out of this sort of complex and
men came out the back of the vehicles,
they were fresh and ready to fight.”
wide-ranging evaluation with a perfect score. And
On the downside, Lechner said, the
two actions cost Co. A eight Strykers
that’s the whole point — we want to uncover pro-
— four in each fight — mainly to
enemy tank fire.
cesses and systems that can be improved on.”
“There’s no way around it — when
light armored vehicles run into tanks rapidly over vast distances, know of complex and wide-ranging evalua-
unexpectedly, things won’t go well,” exactly where the objective is and have tion with a perfect score,” Turner said.
Molica said. “But remember that part complete situational awareness en “And that’s the whole point — we
of this experiment is to work out the route. want to uncover processes and systems
tactics and procedures that will allow “There are certainly going to be that can be improved on.”
the vehicles to avoid such things as times when you make contact with the One of the key issues, Turner said,
ambushes by armored vehicles.” enemy unexpectedly,” Molica added. was finding ways to better manage and
And, Molica pointed out, the “But the idea is to use the Stryker’s use the tremendous range of informa-
Strykers’ speed and onboard Force mobility and the FBCB2 to avoid tion being piped to soldiers at all levels
XXI Battle Command-Brigade and stumbling blindly around the battle- via the Army Battle Command System
Below system helped significantly field. And, by and large, we’ve been and FBCB2, among other systems.
reduce losses of troops and vehicles able to do that.” “There is a lot going on out here,
throughout the course of ATEx 02. and we want to understand the best
“The FBCB2 is an absolutely
incredible tool,” Molica said. “The q Challenges and Solutions way to gather, disseminate and use the
range of information we take in from
SBCT has information abilities that Army officials present for ATEx all our various sensors,” Turner said.
other units don’t have, and better 02 were quick to point out that the “And though there have been some
reconnaissance assets than any other event was an experiment that, among challenges in putting everything
unit in the Army. So we get contact other things, was intended to uncover together, overall we’ve been very
reports, intelligence reports and shortcomings in the SBCT concept. satisfied with all these systems and
updates in real time via the FBCB2, And, they acknowledged, there what they’ve brought to the decision-
and it all comes up right on the screen. certainly were some. making process.”
The end result is that we can move “No system comes out of this sort In terms of Stryker itself, soldiers
18 Soldiers
said NTC’s heat and harsh terrain in which the vehicles form the primary tank, and it’s not intended to slug it out
revealed a few problems that hadn’t assault force,” he said. “The assault on the battlefield.”
come to light in the less challenging force in this unit is the dismounted “The bottom line about Stryker is
environments at Fort Lewis and soldier, but we still have the support of that it is a great platform that will be
Yakima Training Center. the Mk-19 grenade launcher and the even better once we’ve addressed the
“Without an air conditioner, it can .50-caliber machine gun. That’s a huge issues that came up here at NTC,”
get real warm inside the vehicle,” said asset for a platoon leader or company Lechner said. “We’ve learned a lot
one Co. A soldier, “and we seem to be commander.” about the vehicle and how best to use
having more tire problems here Asked if he and his soldiers are it, and that was the whole point of
because of the sharp volcanic rock. concerned about the vehicle’s rela- coming here.”
And it would be nice if the remote tively light armor, Molica said: “It’s “Sure there have been challenges,
weapon system on top of the vehicle always nice to feel that you have as there always are when you field a
was stabilized so we could acquire and enough armor to keep you safe. But new system,” Molica said. “But I think
engage a target on the move.” you have to realize that the purpose of Stryker is the right answer for the
“There were other issues as well,” this vehicle is to get dismounted infantry, and I believe the Army really
Molica said, “though there’s no one, soldiers to the fight quickly. It’s not a got it right this time.”
overriding problem. It’s just the usual
series of small things that you find
anytime you really put a system
through a comprehensive field evalua-
tion.
“And even when things have
broken, we’ve been able to get them
back on line very quickly,” he added.
“The mechanics have been right out
here with us, living with us day to day.
They’ve prepositioned spare parts and
tires and such, and as soon as a vehicle
goes down the mechanics are right on
it. Overall, we’ve found Stryker to be
very capable; it has a lot going for it.”
Among Stryker’s many strengths,
said Co. A’s soldiers, are its speed and
firepower.
“This vehicle gets us to the fight
quickly and the ride is great, so when
we get to the objective we’re not tired
and our feet aren’t sore,” said PV2
Joseph Hurst. “It gives us better cover,
and the onboard weapons provide a lot Though certainly not spacious, the Stryker provides adequate room for troops and
of good support.” equipment. The FBCB2 system (screen at center right, above fire extinguisher) pro-
vides intelligence and other vital information in real time. Steve Harding
“The ride is great,” agreed SPC
Richard Watson. “This vehicle will
take us to the fight — even up a 60-
degree hill — and when we get there a
full infantry squad comes out the back.
Millennium Challenge 2002
And it will carry all we need — CONGRESSIONALLY directed in the 2001 National Defense Authorization
ammunition, water, rucks — every- Act, MC 02 was the first all-services warfighting experiment intended to
thing. explore how the joint forces of 2007 could conduct rapid and decisive opera-
“Mobility is definitely the best tions against an adaptive, advanced and aggressive enemy.
thing about the Stryker,” Molica said. Sponsored by the U.S. Joint Forces Command in Norfolk, Va., the event
“It allows you to cover a great distance took place from July 24 through Aug. 15 at eight actual and 17 simulated
in just a matter of hours, and get light locations nationwide. Some 13,000 service members ashore, afloat and in the
infantry into the fight.” air evaluated 11 major concepts, 27 joint initiatives and 46 individual service
Another very positive thing is initiatives.
having the support of the onboard Evaluation of the data gathered during MC 02 was continuing as this issue
weapons, Lechner said. went to press. — Steve Harding
“This isn’t like a mechanized unit,
December 2002 19
Kitchen
Artistry
Story by Beth Reece Photos by Paul Disney
OLDIER-CHEFS are two parts cook, one part

S
ingredients.
artist. Consider PFC Nick Haupt as he fans
sautéed snow peas around a mound of linguini.
Even hurried eaters become connoisseurs as
they eye Haupt’s artistry with ordinary

“If food looks and tastes good, it makes you


feel good,” said SSG René Marquis, advanced
culinary skills instructor for the Army Quarter-
master School, Army Center of Excellence,
Subsistence, at Fort Lee, Va.
Food service specialists cater to
patrons’ likes and dislikes at more than
330 active-duty dining facilities world-
wide. Though crowds can number up to
1,000 soldiers per meal, cooks dish out
what Marquis said is the Army’s biggest
morale booster: good food.
The talent demonstrated in Army
kitchens goes well beyond window-
dressing or following recipes, according
to CW2 Travis Smith, chief of ACES’
Craft Skills Training Branch.

Special desserts — like the one being pre-


pared here by SPC David Marecelli — often
bring out the artist in Army chefs.

20 Soldiers
December 2002 21
in the Annual Culinary Art Competi-
tion. And the Phillip A. Connelly
Program gives Army-wide facilities
the chance to attain best-facility
honors.

t No Piece of Cake
The Army dishes out bonuses up to
$16,000 to attract food-service special-
ists into four-year service commit-
ments. “A cook’s world is not easy.
They’re in the kitchen at 3 or 4 o’clock
in the morning,” said LTC Donald
Vtipil, ACES director.
Is the dawn-to-dusk job worth the
bonus? “You bet,” Haupt said. “If you
take somebody from the regular Army
and put them in the dining facility for
about two months, they’ll be praying
to go back to their own unit. We work
hard every single day, without much of
a break.”
Little goes unnoticed in a job that
promises a hungry crowd three times a
day. While customers expect quality,
Though not every Army meal includes cakes as fancy as this one, being able to create Vtipil expects food-service specialists
such a wonderful confection is all part of the job for Army food service specialists. to welcome patrons into their facilities
with good smells and smiles alike.
“Preparing a good meal isn’t about assigned to the 10 dining facilities at “It’s a matter of making eye
dressing up food with pretty flowers Fort Lewis, Wash. contact with people coming through
cut out of vegetables. It’s about pairing Pepping up a dish can be easy, the line, smiling and saying, ‘I hope
compatible colors, shapes and sizes, Tesoro said, and gave as an example
and blending technique with intuition,” “melon madness,” a dessert entered in
said Smith, who led the U.S. Army the 2001 Culinary Art Competition.
Culinary Art Team to a world champi- “This dessert is nothing but a
onship in the 2000 International mousse,” he said, “yet by adding a few
Culinary Olympics in Erfurt, Ger- enhancements — like a chocolate
many. motif — we bumped it up a few
Simple touches can do wonders to notches.”
an otherwise dull recipe. Upgrading Tesoro encourages his cooks to let
baked chicken with an herb stuffing their imaginations influence the
and a dollop of cream sauce can alter a planning of daily meals. Not only do
basic entrée, for example. So can they occasionally serve fancy desserts
knowing when to poach, roast, braise, with chocolate sauces and fruity
sauté or grill. dusting powders, they also learn to
The emphasis on enhanc- judge success without verbal
ing traditional menus feedback.
has led some “The smiles on
soldiers to refer to patrons’ faces tells
dining facility it all, but the biggest
meals as “the best compliment is an empty
in town,” said SFC plate,” Tesoro said.
Ben Tesoro, who If that’s not reward
teaches advanced enough, Army cooks can also
Special occasions give chefs the chance
culinary skills to cooks vie for the chef of the year title to show off their more artistic creations
— like this marzipan wizard.

22 Soldiers
Some managers rev up
lunch with fajita stations or
pizza and sandwich bars.
you enjoy your meal. We’ll see you facility, food choices have
again next time,’” he said. “Cooks grown from one or two
have the power to turn someone’s bad entrées to five or six per
day into a good day through attitude meal. Some managers rev
alone.” up lunch with fajita
Vtipil knows that soldiers stations or pizza and
occasionally slip off post sandwich bars.
for a change from the Army Food Adviser CW5 Peter
dining facility atmosphere. Motrynczuk said managers’ flexibil- sometimes serve poi, a paste made by
“But are we threatened ity and creativity is directly pounding cooked taro root.
by McDonalds? No,” he said. related to the number of “Depending on where soldiers are
“It’s easy to attract soldiers who soldiers who eat in their from or what they ate growing up, we
live in the barracks. But we’re facilities. “The more soldiers give them a taste of things they’ve
bringing in people who have who eat there, the more money never had before,” said SSG Amanda
transportation and who don’t managers are allowed to spend Jolley of the Hunter Army Airfield
have to eat at the dining facility and the more options they Dining Facility in Savannah, Ga. “I
… that’s how we know we’re have for buying,” he said. think that helps make soldiers well-
doing something good.” Overseas dining facilities rounded individuals. We broaden their
have among the greatest patron- experiences.”
t Change age, since off-post options
are often limited. The
Patrons at Jolley’s facility some-
times get fooled into liking a dish they
The image of Army dining additional funds these once avoided. And no matter what’s on
facilities has improved since facilities receive through the menu, most still request time-
the advent of the Subsistence good turnout enable them honored favorites, especially Italian
Prime Vendor Program six to treat patrons to a taste of cuisine.
years ago. Since then, patrons local fare. Soldiers in “The lasagna goes so fast I can’t
have enjoyed the same brand- Germany can occasionally try keep it in the pan,” she said. “They
name items they’re used to eating at rabbit, for example, while keep coming back for more.”
home, like bottled Heinz catsup dining facilities in
instead of the generic version Hawaii
once served in metal bowls at
salad-bar stations.
“Cooks have even
begun trying out recipes
listed on the packaging. That
means we’re not stuck with the same
french fry everywhere we go,” Vtipil
said. “We can expect variety — a little
more spice or a slightly different
flavor.”
The Prime Vendor Program allows
facility managers to order food direct
from vendors and receive delivery
within 48 hours.
But what if patrons don’t want the
Among the many skills soldier-chefs learn are dozens of ways to quickly and effi-
day’s roasted chicken or baked fish? ciently chop different kinds of foods. The key is holding the knife properly, which
Depending on the location of the produces the perfect cut and protects the fingers.

December 2002 23
Few foods consumed by sol-
diers through the ages have been
as important — or as widespread
— as bread.

Horse Blood
From

To
Hot Pockets
Story by Heike Hasenauer

24 Soldiers
U.S. Army Rations

salted fish rice

beans
The development of rations to feed the military is a
story with some very colorful twists and turns. . .

M
ILITARY rations have Natick, Mass.
improved greatly since the Over the years, the Army has
time when Genghis Khan improved not only the means of
issued a “survival ration” getting food to its troops, but the
to his troops — a straw quality of the food as well. bread
they could use to drink their horses’ In 1775, during GEN George
blood when other rations were scarce. Washington’s fight to secure and
“The development of rations to maintain freedom, a soldier’s diet was The standard soldier ration established in
1775 included salt fish, rice, beans and
feed the military is a story with some of little importance to his superiors, bread, though the quality of the food var-
very colorful twists and turns,” said Darsch said. ied considerably.
Gerald Darsch, joint project director, But 1775 did mark a step forward:
Department of Defense Combat the Second Continental Congress beans per week; 1 pint of milk per day;
Feeding Program at the U.S. Army established a standard ration for 1/2 pint of rice or 1 pint of Indian meal
Natick Soldier Systems Center in soldiers. It included 1 pound of beef, per week; and 1 quart of spruce beer or
or 3/4 pound of pork, or 1 pound of cider per day.
Kathy-Lynn Evangelos, executive assistant to the joint salted fish per week; 1 pound of bread “Actually, the first hundred years
project director, DOD Combat Feeding Program, con-
tributed to this article. or flour per week; 3 pints of peas or of our nation’s history are full of
stories about how more
soldiers died from
disease than bullets,”
said CW3 Stephen
Moody, who was
assigned to the SSC
before deploying to the
Persian Gulf earlier this
year.
In the late 1700s, as
the government of the
United States was
taking shape, “mecha-
nisms were established
for the purchase and
distribution of food,”
Moody said.
The Army required

At the other end of the ration food chain, so


to speak, is the soon-to-be-introduced
pocket sandwich.

December 2002 25
versus the “marching” ration.
The former consisted of everything
from pork and beef, bread, beans,
potatoes and rice to molasses, and
included seasonings, soap and candles.
Vegetables and dried fruits were also
sometimes added, said Philip Stern in
his book “Soldier Life in the Union
and Confederate Armies.” The March-
ing Ration was limited to pork, beef,
sugar, coffee and salt.
Civil War physicians recognized
that rations high in meat and salt and
low in vegetables were causing night
Soldiers of the 65th Infantry Regiment enjoy a hot meal after all-day maneuvers near
blindness and scurvy, according to a
Salinas, Puerto Rico, in 1941. 1947 Quartermaster Corps report. But
fresh vegetables were too heavy to
that the animals it purchased for food in his book “Disease in the Civil War.” transport easily. So, something called
be branded, and that food containers Most men didn’t receive canned foods. “desiccated vegetables” was tested on
destined for the military be marked, And diarrhea and dysentery in the the troops.
Moody added. Federal Army between 1861 and 1866 Known as “desecrated vegetables”
New York meat supplier Samuel accounted for nearly 45,000 deaths. by the cooks, it was a mixture of
Wilson stamped “US” on his crates of Another shortfall was in the quality various dried vegetables pressed into
meat, said Moody. And of the “camp” or “garrison” ration, hard clumps that softened when boiled.
legend has it that because
he was so congenial and
popular with the troops,
he became affectionately
known as “Uncle Sam.”
After the War of 1812,
soldiers planted gardens at their posts
to more readily provide for them-
selves. Fresh vegetables supplanted
some of the bread and beans of their
earlier diets, Darsch said.
Significant changes to the Army’s
food-supply system occurred during
the Civil War, with the limited intro-
duction of canned foods and the
beginning of ration classification,
Moody added.
But the quality of canned foods
was questionable, wrote Paul Steiner

The 1980s saw the emergence of tray ra-


tions, or T-rats, which included a variety
of newer and more palatable foods. These
rations also included such convenience
items as Tabasco sauce.

26 Soldiers
U.S. Army Rations
A member of the 3rd Iowa Cavalry Not until the late
Regiment wrote: “We’ve boiled, 1800s were U.S.
baked, fried, stewed, pickled, sweet- military cooks
ened, salted and tried it in puddings, formally trained, and
cakes and pies; but it sets all modes of it wasn’t until 1902
cooking in defiance, so the boys break that the Army
it up and smoke it in their pipes.” established the first
When Napoleon announced a prize school for baking and
of 12,000 francs for a method of cooking, at Fort
preserving food for his armies, Nicolas Riley, Kan.
Appert presented his method of food The Subsistence
preservation by eliminating air trapped Department of the
within the food and then heating it in a Office of the Quar- C-rations were probably the most common type of food served
sealed container, Moody said. Fifty termaster General to soldiers in the field during World War II.
years later, Louis Pasteur theorized was established in
that controlling the growth of microor- 1918, a year after the United States famous of the World War II-era
ganisms would preserve food. entered World War I. Subsequently, rations, Darsch said. Originally
“But it wasn’t until 1895 that the nutritional survey parties were orga- designed to fit in paratroopers’ pock-
Massachusetts Institute of Technology nized and sent to teach cooks about ets, the two-and-a-half pound meal was
developed the first scheduled food- nutrition, and how to inspect food. It the most nutritionally balanced of the
preservation process and formally was the first time hot meals were rations available at the time. Soldiers
documented the steps necessary to served to U.S. troops on the front lines, were supposed to depend on the K-
ensure commercial sterility,” Moody Darsch said. Ration for only up to three days. The
said. Soon after, the “Trench Ration” fact that they actually ate it for weeks
evolved to provide soldiers the most on end caused some digestive-tract
popular ration items of the time: problems, he said.
tobacco and a half pound of candy The “D Ration,” or “D Bar,” was
issued every 10 days, said Darsch. the first survival ration of World War
World War II advances in food II. It contained three 4-ounce bars of
technology, and the response from thick, high-calorie chocolate. COL
industry and academia to the Army’s Paul Logan developed the bar with the
needs, resulted in more than 23 intent that it not taste too good, for fear
different rations and ration supple- the men would consume it rather than
ments, Darsch added. The “C Ration,” carry it until an emergency arose,
or “Ration, Combat, Individual,” was Darsch said.
developed. Weighing seven pounds, it World War II also saw develop-
offered soldiers 11 meal options, five ment of group rations for specific
of which contained beans. operational requirements, including
But the “K Ration” was the most jungle and mountain operations. “Near

World War II advances in food technology, and


the response from industry and academia to the
Army’s needs, resulted in more than 23 different
rations and ration supplements.
December 2002 27
U.S. Army Rations
the end of the war, the idea of Center) worked with NASA
assembling 100-man units of to develop meals for crews
food evolved into what’s known of the early space programs,
today as the ‘B-Ration,’ still used Darsch said.
as a group meal,” Darsch said. “Programs that originated in
Shelf-stable canned fruits, cakes 1960 to produce compressed,
and bread were added to the C Ration dehydrated foods, semisolid
during the Korean War. And pre- foods in collapsible aluminum
cooked frozen meals, the forerunners In addition to food, World War II K-rations tubes and irradiated foods continue
of TV dinners, accompanied crews on provided cigarettes — which remained a today,” Darsch said.
large, long-range aircraft, Darsch said. feature of Army rations into the 1980s. A notable addition to the food
In 1958 “Meal, Combat, Indi- market in the 1960s and 1970s was
vidual,” or MCI, replaced the C- Long-Range Patrol Ration, a large- hermetically sealed flexible packaging,
Ration. It was a 2.7-pound, 1,200- portion meal used throughout the know as the retort pouch. “This system
calorie individual meal, rather than an Vietnam War. It included chicken stew probably represents the greatest
entire ration, Darsch said. and scalloped potatoes with pork. scientific and engineering break-
Flexible packaging and freeze- In 1963 the U.S. Army Natick through in food packaging and pro-
drying were incorporated into the Laboratories (now the Soldier Systems cessing,” Darsch said. At that time,

Boxed rations have always been


a field staple, as they were for
these 347th Inf. Regt. soldiers in
Belgium in January 1945.

28 Soldiers
Marilu Noakes
Army rations have continued to
change over the years, based on both
technological advancements and the
Army’s needs. Methods of food
storage, shipment and preparation have
also improved, Darsch said.
Time-Temperature Indicators,
which darken over time to indicate
when MRE cases are nearing expira-
tion dates, and the Flameless Ration
Heater, which allows soldiers to heat
Today’s soldiers can usually expect hot food under most field conditions, though rations in the field, are only two of
meals are far less elaborate under combat conditions. many food-related improvements.
“Today, the job of DOD’s subsis-
Natick and the American food manu- Probably less well-known is that tence community is as challenging as
facturing industry were tasked to period’s introduction of a dental liquid ever,” Darsch said, “because the high-
produce a new combat ration — a ration requested by officials at Walter tech weapons of the digitized battle-
lightweight, individual meal, without a Reed Army Medical Center in Wash- field are only as good as the soldiers
metal container. ington, D.C., for patients whose jaws who operate them. And food is what
What was were wired shut, Darsch said. keeps the Army running.”
to become the The first dental liquids
famous “Meal, were created by

Sarah Underhill
Ready- to- pulverizing freeze-
Eat,” MRE, dried meats and
went into pro- reconstituting them
duction in as beverages.
1980. Field In more recent
tests of the history, in response
MRE led to to Operation
changes from Desert Shield in
freeze-dried the Persian Gulf,
entrees, starches industry devel-
and fruits to wet- oped the Desert
pack items, and the Bar that soldiers
addition of commer- The newest version of the MRE called “the chocolate
includes such entrees as beefsteak
cial entrees, candies, grilled with mushrooms — a no- bar that melts in
hot sauce and freeze- table improvement over some of your mouth, not in
dried coffee. the earlier MREs. the sand.” The Army
Today, the MRE comes in 24 also introduced Shelf-Stable Pouch
varieties, but the little bottle of Bread.
Tabasco sauce soldiers use to flavor The latter evolved into the soon-to-
the food remains one of the most be-introduced shelf-stable, deli-like
popular items, Darsch said. “pocket sandwich.”
While not exactly a five-star meal, MREs
offer nutritious and appetizing food suited
to the rigors of life in the field.
Today, the MRE comes in 24 varieties, but the
little bottle of Tabasco sauce soldiers use to flavor
the food remains one of the most popular items.
December 2002 29
30 Soldiers
O
cn
ke
Tough Tra Story and P
hot os by S S G A lb e r to Bet ancourt

T
HE U.S. Army Tank-automotive and Armaments Command’s National
Automotive Center and the U.S. Marine Corps Systems Command
have joined forces in the creation of a track to demonstrate the capa-
bilities of future vehicles.
“The Severe Off-Road Track will allow decision-makers a first-hand look at
the capabilities of various vehicles the Army and the Marines are considering
for a more formal acquisition program,” said TACOM public affairs officer Eric
Emerton.

(Left) A Dodge Ram


tackles a downhill,
dirt portion of the
SORT. The Ram is
being considered
as a multi-role
logistics vehicle
under the Commer-
cially Based
Tactical Truck, or
COMBATT,
program.

(Right) The Ram


takes on the
SORT’s 125-foot
uphill rock climb.

December 2002 31
The Marine
Corps Systems
Command’s
Interim Fast
Attack Vehicle
prototype
maneuvers
through the
SORT’s six-
foot-deep “V”
crossing.

He said the two-mile SORT is a tion Support Area at Marine Corps gives evaluators an opportunity to
permanent demonstration and Base Quantico, Va., the oval track get a quick, informal assessment
evaluation course that can be features numerous challenges of real-world, off-road vehicle
used by the services and industry designed to approximate the terrain performance.
to exhibit vehicles and vehicle a vehicle might encounter in a Paul Skalny, NAC’s deputy
technologies that show potential military environment, a border-patrol director, said Congress continu-
for military applications. assignment or a homeland-defense ously asks how his agency is
Located in the Transpor- mission. investing and how it leverages off
tation Demonstra- With the severity of the obstacles other services and industry.
ranging from a 125-foot uphill Skalny described the venture
rock climb to a log as a “win-win partnership” where
climb, the each service splits the resources
SORT down the middle.
“We’re in business to work
with industry and accelerate the
infusion of commercially viable
technology,” he said. “That’s
the technology that industry
is putting out into the mass
marketplace and we want to
bring it into our military land-
warfare system.”
The SORT’s log climb
assesses a vehicle’s
suspension, ground
clearance and overall
chassis balance.

32 Soldiers
A
Blue ❄ Green
Christmas Story and Photos by SFC Brenda Benner (Top left) Operation Blue Santa provides
holiday gifts to many children who might

E
VERY year at this time, camou- of camouflaged trucks and Humvees not otherwise receive any.
flage-clad soldiers and airmen convoy out from Blue Santa headquar- (Top right) SGT Orvin Lee treats a child to
from the Texas Army and Air ters. The military delivery force is the view from his 2 1/2 ton Army “sleigh.”
National Guard help the Austin necessary because most police cars,
(Above) SGT Meva Brandon loads his truck
Police Department bring holiday cheer fire trucks and their crews must be for a second round of deliveries.
to families in need. ready to answer emergencies.
“Operation Blue Santa” provides In some cases, the Blue Santa said that the reactions she receives
Christmas dinners and gifts for fam- program is the only gift-giving aspect range from open-armed greetings from
ilies needing help during the holidays. of Christmas families living at the eager children to tears of gratitude
And although the name refers to police poverty level will have, said SGT from their thankful parents.
blue, from the beginning the program Orvin Lee, of Company A, 449th Varda said she still enjoys making
has been supported by Army green. Aviation Support Battalion, who’s the deliveries as much as she did the
Margarine Beaman, a Blue Santa been helping to deliver that Christmas very first year she volunteered.
board member and longtime volunteer, for several years. He does it for the joy “Every time I do this, it reminds
said the yearly event is vibrant and he experiences when helping others, he me that at some time in our lives,
growing, and that’s a good thing said, and many other soldiers in his almost everybody needs a little help,”
considering the increasing needs of unit are hooked on the program and she said. “This is a way for me to share
families in the Austin area. show up in full force every year. some of the good fortune and blessings
“We’re lucky to have volunteers The roar of the diesel engine from I’ve received when I’ve needed help.”
from throughout the community,” Lee’s truck is enough to excite chil- Volunteers from various organiza-
Beaman said. “Without the Texas dren half a block away. Some of them tions including the National Guard
National Guard, this could never run from house to house, hoping to get have to work throughout the year to
happen. They take care of our building a peek at what Blue Santa has in store make Blue Santa the success that it is.
repairs, pick up the donations, and are for them when his huge Army “sleigh” “We have a core group of members
especially vital to our huge delivery arrives at their front door. involved year-round to make the
day. Last year, thanks to their efforts, From the first delivery to the last, program a success,” said Texas
we accomplished 3,640 deliveries.” the children’s responses are the only Adjutant General Daniel James. “Add
When delivery day comes again proof soldiers need to know their our donation sorting, wrapping, and
this year, it will once again resemble a efforts are appreciated, Lee said. delivery forces, and you see we are an
military deployment as rows and rows SFC Linda Varda, a combat medic organization that demonstrates a full
and Emergency Medical Technician commitment to Blue Santa, a commit-
SFC Brenda Benner works for the Texas Army Guard’s
100th Mobile Public Affairs Detachment. instructor, is a 12-year volunteer. She ment to support our community.”
December 2002 33
2002
L EAP FEST Story and Photos
by MSG Bob Haskell

J
UST as balloonists know about two teams from its reserve Territorial
the annual international hot-air Army. Three Canadian teams jumped.
balloon event in Albuquerque, And Poland and Jordan participated
N.M., so do military para- for the first time.
troopers know where they can This was Canada’s year. One of the
find one of the best outlets to two teams from the Quebec-based
showcase their skills. Parachute Company, 3rd Battalion,
It’s called Leapfest — an Royal 22nd Regiment, took home the
abbreviated title for the team championship, Canada’s first.
International Military And the team’s Cpl. J.P.A.M. Dufour
Parachute Competition that became the individual champion.
takes place every August, Army National Guard teams from
through the sponsorship of Georgia’s 121st Infantry and
the Rhode Island Army Maryland’s 20th Special Forces Group
National Guard. finished second and third.
“A lot of German airborne SFC Charles Skipper from the John
soldiers want to come here,” said F. Kennedy Special Warfare Center
Capt. Andreas Von Weihe of the and School at Fort Bragg, N.C.,
German army’s 31st Airborne Bri- finished second, and Kentucky Army
gade. He participated in the recent Guard LTC Wayne Burd took third.
Leapfest, the 20th anniversary of the They were among the 168 parachutists
event in West Kingston, R.I. who jumped from the back ramps of
Forty-two teams competed, among four Pennsylvania Army Guard CH-47
them 15 foreign teams, the largest Chinook helicopters.
international contingent in Leapfest “Watching the jumpers took me
history. back to my days in jump school at Fort
Other teams came from South Benning, Ga., in 1964,” said Rhode
Africa, Tunisia, Ecuador, Thailand and Island resident and Navy veteran Dan
El Salvador. The United Kingdom sent Thompson, who observed the 500
jumps. “Watching them float down
MSG Bob Haskell works for the National Guard Bureau
Public Affairs Office in Arlington, Va. reminded me of how much I liked it.”
The floating is the easy part for the
competitive airborne troopers.
Each four-member team jumps
three times from 1,500 feet with static
lines that pull the chutes open. The
parachutists land as close as they can
to a large orange X in the middle of a
manicured, 218-acre drop zone.
The jumpers are timed from the
(Above left) Two parachutists had a close
encounter in the drop zone but separated
and landed safely.

(Left) A paratrooper from Jordan signals


his confidence in his equipment and the
teammate who is checking him out.

34 Soldiers
moment they touch the ground until
they touch the X. The individuals and
teams with the lowest total times win. Two American paratroopers
reach the target, a large X in the
Working the wind and maneuver- as important as the competition. middle of a 218-acre drop zone.
ing the chutes to land close to the “The big thing is the camaraderie,”
target are keys to success. said Maj. Johan Joubert, an army
“The wind can be a real problem, reservist from South Africa. “It was feel is self-imposed.
especially if you land down wind from interesting to meet the people from the “This competition is one of the few
the target and have to drag your chute South American countries. There’s no times these paratroopers can have a
back to it,” said chief judge SFC Bob other way we could have met them.” good time without being pushed to set
Perry, who has jumped in or worked The four members of the South up a defensive perimeter in the woods
on all 20 Leapfests. African team, all reservists, paid their after they’ve jumped,” Perry said. “It’s
The top team’s name is inscribed own airfare, added Joubert, a civil a fun situation.”
on the Rhode Island Adjutant Gen- engineer. That’s how much they like Royal Thailand Air Force Lt.
eral’s International Parachute Trophy. Leapfest. Phiphukdee Vinit agreed.
The international team members The Rhode Island hospitality “This is the first time I have had
are pinned with U.S. parachutist includes a trip to nearby Boston for a this kind of competition in my life. It’s
wings. That courtesy is common Red Sox game and the chance to buy the same for my team,” said the 17-
within the international airborne jeans at local outlet stores for consid- year military veteran, who’s been
culture. Perry, for example, earned erably less money than they cost in parachuting for a decade. “This
Thai “balloon wings” during his spec- Europe. Leapfest is a very excellent experi-
ial forces days by parachuting from a Whatever pressure the parachutists ence.”
dirigible that was tethered at 800 feet.

easy part
The bonding that the paratroopers
from the different lands experience
Flo the ...
ati n g is
during the week or two they are
together in Rhode Island is considered
December 2002 35
Sharp Shooters Photos by SPC James D. Wyllie
T he Defense Information School’s Intermediate
Photojournalism Course provides journalists and
photographers — both military and civilian — with
the specialized skills necessary to support public-
affairs and visual-information missions.
The eight-week course emphasizes the rela-
tionship between writing and photography, and
includes instruction in news and feature writing;
layout and design; basic and advanced photo-
graphic techniques and production; electronic
imaging; desktop publishing; digital cameras; im-
age transmission and archiving.
SPC James D. Wyllie, a recent course graduate
currently serving with the 20th Public Affairs Detach-
ment at Fort Richardson, Alaska, showcases some of the
photographic skills he learned during the course.
For more information on IPC go to www.dinfos.osd.mil

Tyler Williams moves the ball up field during a soccer match at Fort George G. Meade, Md.

36 Soldiers
(Left) A macro lens provides an extreme
close-up view of a flower.

(Right) Peter Hall urges his frog,


Geronimo, to leap farther during
Baltimore’s 14th Annual Preakness Frog
Hop.

(Below) Cadet Joshua Benson guides a


plank through a dark tunnel during the
Leadership Reaction Course’s “platform-
crossing” obstacle.

Standard photo submissions for Soldiers Sharp Shooters can be mailed to Photo Editor, Soldiers, 9325 Gunston Road,
Suite S108, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5581. Photo submissions of digital images should be directed to
alberto.betancourt@belvoir.army.mil.All submissions must include an introductory paragraph and captions.

December 2002 37
Sharp Shooters

Volunteer CeCe Wilson writes an inspira-


tional message for fellow walkers during the
annual Baltimore-to-Washington Breast
Cancer Walk.

A rescue worker reacts to injuries at the Pentagon during a simulated


mass-casualty exercise.
A trainer works with a horse the day before
the Preakness Stakes at Baltimore’s Pimlico
Race Course.

38 Soldiers
High school lacrosse players mix it up during a game outside Baltimore.

December 2002 39
Postmarks Compiled by SSG Alberto Betancourt
From Army Posts Around the World

Fort Lee, Va.

Ellen A. Hart
SRT Tackles Life-Threatening Situations
WHEN crime puts someone’s life at stake at Fort
Lee, Va., the commander calls the Special
Reaction Team.
The installation’s 10-member team trains
diligently to prepare for such life-threatening
situations as hostage seizures, terrorism
operations or barricaded suspects.
“We train with these scenarios to see how
well our team responds and to ensure they
are prepared for a real-life case,” said
SSG Arthur Rich, NCOIC for the SRT.
“We also see how well we interact
with the Criminal Investigations
Department people, who would be
the hostage negotiators.”
Team members recently con-
ducted an exer-
cise in which Soldiers of Headquarters and
they assaulted HQs. Company, 3rd COS-
an armed individual COM, at work on the playing
field of the Advena/Bären-
who was threatening to herz Hospiz just outside
kill his family. Wiesbaden Army Airfield.
The SRT members are regular
military-police soldiers who volunteer Wiesbaden, Germany
to become part of the anonymous force.
The selection process involves days of COSCOM Soldiers
training and testing, and includes an
APFT, swim test, rucksack march, obstacle
Work For Good Cause
course, land navigation tasks, marksmanship RAKES, shovels and
proficiency tests, a written test and an oral wheelbarrows were the
presentation before the selection board. weapons of the day for about
“Being on the SRT is mentally chal- 20 soldiers from Germany’s
lenging because of the difficult decisions 3rd Corps Support Com-
we have to make when preparing for an mand, who assisted the staff
assault,” said one SRT member. and residents of Erbenheim’s
“We have to think about whether we’re Advena/Bärenherz Hospiz
going to shoot a suspect. We have to just outside Wiesbaden
coordinate a way to disarm the suspect Army Airfield.
and take control of the situation. We In lieu of sergeant’s time
must communicate with one another training, the soldiers volun-
to successfully execute the mission.” teered to level an area of
The entire team agreed that it’s ground for seeding and
exciting to be part of a group that planting of flowers around
does something extraordinary and new playground equipment
at the same time helps rescue donated to the hospice by a
people from dangerous situations. benefactor in Leipzig,
— SPC Jorge Gomez, Fort Lee Germany.
Public Affairs Office “This was a consolidated
effort by the platoon ser-
40 Soldiers
Arlington, Va.
geants and their soldiers to
volunteer for a good cause,”
said SFC Alexie Rogers, who
Guard Enters “Pedal to the Metal” World
organized the work detail. THE 350,000-member Army National Guard is a diverse force that has repeat-
The project was initiated by a edly and speedily deployed soldiers to places like Bosnia and Afghanistan, and it
contact in the German- flies helicopters and drives 60-ton Abrams tanks across terrible terrain.
American Friends Club in Now the Guard is venturing into the “pedal to the metal” world of NASCAR
Wiesbaden. stock-car racing, promoting its benefits and awareness before one of America’s
The Bärenherz, which largest sporting audiences. With red “NATIONAL GUARD” lettering adorning
opened in April and means its hood, car No. 54 — an 800-horsepower Chevrolet Monte Carlo — roared into
“Heart of a Teddy Bear,” NASCAR’s Winston Cup Series in mid-October.
takes in severely sick, This is the National Guard’s Year of Diversity, and the National Guard will
handicapped or terminally ill be the primary advertiser for a new high-speed team that also intends to bring
children. Advena accepts diversity to America’s premier racing enterprise that nearly 90 million people
terminally ill adults, and a watch in person and on national television from February through November.
third organization, Wohnen BH Motorsports, the team formed by African Americans Sam Belnavis and
im Alter (Living in Old Age), Tinsley Hughes, began racing the “Guard Car” at Lowe’s Motor Speedway near
provides independence for Charlotte, N.C., on Oct. 13.
senior citizens and handi- The new team plans to compete in three Winston Cup events during the rest
capped adults to rent apart- of this season before running in the entire 2003 series beginning in February at
ments in the hospice com- Daytona Beach, Fla.
plex. “This is a significant partnership,” said LTG Roger Schultz, director for the
“We have a mixture of Army National Guard.
people,” said Monika Stark- He said this venture was also about the NASCAR fans.
Mitchell, Wohnen im Alter’s “They’re very loyal and very dedicated, Schultz said.
manager. “I have 35 tenants National Guard officials also like the marketing statistics that add to
between the ages of 24 to 93 NASCAR’s appeal, as this country’s most popular and fastest growing spectator
in my area. Right now we sport. Nearly one third of the fans are between the recruitable ages of 18-34.
have four sick children in the Veteran driver Ron Hornaday, a two-time champion in the NASCAR Crafts-
Bärenherz.” man Truck Series, has been piloting the “Guard Car.”
The children were the “I’m excited to be part of the National Guard,” said Hornaday, who has won
motivation for the soldiers to 17 Winston West Series races. “I enjoy and respect all the National Guard
get their hands and boots soldiers around my car.” — MSG Bob Haskell, National Guard Bureau PAO
dirty.

MSG Bob Haskell


“I’ve been blessed to be
in the condition I am in, so I
thought it would be good to
help those less fortunate,”
said SSG Neil Chambers,
HHC, 3rd COSCOM.
Fueled by coffee, orange
juice, brötchen, cold cuts,
bratwurst and schwenk
steaks, the soldiers worked
through the day until rain
eventually halted their
efforts.
“Everyone had their
different reasons for helping
here,” Rogers said. “We are
truly blessed. This was one
LTG Roger Schultz, director of the Army National Guard, beams from behind the
way to give back.” — Ellen wheel of the NASCAR racer carrying the Guard’s logo.
A. Hart, 3rd COSCOM PAO

December 2002 41
Legal Forum by Steven Chucala
Early Termination
Responsibility
SSCRA
The Lease
You Should Do

;
@

 ;
@
 ;
@
 ;
@
 ;
@
 ;
@
 ;
@

M
OST members of the military family, if they contract determine the rights and liability of the
even know of the federal law commonly known parties, unless a state law dictates otherwise.
as the Soldiers’ and Sailors’ Civil Relief Act, Historically, many state statutes have remained
mistakenly think this legislation provides a defense or silent as to the early military termination of leases.
immunity from legal action if they choose to terminate For this reason, soldiers are repeatedly warned by
or break a lease contract. Similarly, landlords often commanders and judge advocates to ensure their
misunderstand its provisions, resulting in their making leases contain a “military clause.” Lacking this clause
legal claims for which the soldier may not be held or a state law on the issue, the tenant is liable for the
responsible. entire period of the lease, regardless of military
service and transfers.
]Know the Law
] Where the Tenant is Wrong
The civil relief act is a large body of law that
originated in 1940 to protect people coming into the Desperate to keep their rent payments as low as
military service or already serving on active duty. One possible, many soldiers have entered into 2-
provision of the law sought to protect the wartime and 3-year leases even when they knew they
enlistee or draftee by granting an option to termi- would be transferring long before the term
nate a lease early without penalty, due to expired. This is an act of deceit or fraud that in
call up for military service. The statute did a court of law will defeat relief otherwise
not apply to lease agreements created after available.
coming on active duty, or to homes leased Others sign a lease believing their
in foreign countries. obligation to make monthly payments ends
when they vacate the property, even if they
] What Does Apply? leave before the lease is terminated. In
many cases, this is not so.
Because the SSCRA doesn’t apply to Tenant liability is best described by
early termination of leases created after someone is viewing a lease as the purchase of occupancy space
on active duty, the provisions written into the lease for a specific period of time and for a specific dollar
Steven Chucala is chief of client services in the Office of the Staff Judge
amount. When viewed that way, it means that the
Advocate at Fort Belvoir, Va. landlord is permitting the payment of the entire debt

4242 Soldiers
to be made in monthly installments as is done when a should be conducted when the
motor vehicle is purchased. Moving out of an property is vacated. This
apartment or home does not end the debt. will permit an on-the-
scene resolution of
] The Role of State Law the matter, rather than
the unpleasant argu-
Each state has its own laws that apply to lease ments that can occur when
contracts and a military tenant’s rights of early the soldier later tries to collect
termination. Virginia’s Landlord Tenant Act, for the security deposit.
example, legally creates the option for early termina- Copies of the inspection
tion if the military member is transferred beyond a 35- memos can also serve as evidence in
mile radius, is on extended temporary duty else- case litigation should result.
where, is discharged, dies or is ordered to live in
government quarters. It does not apply to soldiers
] If It’s Written, You Won’t Get Bitten
who simply choose to move into government quarters
when they become available. Always get a printed lease with all amendments
The laws vary from state to state, so the soldier’s and “clarifications” signed by both parties. Oral
best course of action is to read the lease contract to promises by the landlord, managers, resident
ensure it clearly addresses those situations most engineers or agents are worthless, since their
likely to affect an early termination. enforcement often depends on being able to prove
what was agreed upon and by whom. Remember
] Steps to Terminate that agents will often exceed their authority by
making oral promises just to “make the sale.” Agents
Where a state statute or a military clause in a and managers are also likely to move on, leaving no
lease is involved, a normal 30-day written notice with record of agreements with either tenant or landlord.
copy of the PCS order is required to
trigger early termination. The tenant
] We’re On Your Side
must read the lease and comply with
its provisions. State laws often If time permits, visit your legal-assistance office
provide for a fair financial settlement and have an attorney review the proposed lease
between the landlord and the tenant before you sign it. Inappropriate provisions in a lease
by establishing tenant monetary limits should be lined out and initialed by both parties on all
for early termination. copies. Similarly, needed items should be added and
likewise initialed.
] Seek Assistance When early termination of a lease is needed,
consult with an attorney to avoid many of the pitfalls
Local legal-assistance offices can provide being experienced by other service members.
soldiers with guidance and sample leases or military
clauses for use in leases. Consultation with an
attorney is especially important in overseas areas,

NT
where foreign laws and customs vary dramatically

RE
from practices in the United States.

] Related Leasing Problems


Another major conflict area concerns the security
deposit that is paid at the start of the lease period and
is to be applied by the landlord to make repairs of
damages that are beyond normal wear and tear.
Tenants should insist on a walk-through inspection to
have all existing deficiencies documented at the start
of the occupancy, and the same kind of inspection

December 2002 43
Focus on People Compiled by Heike Hasenauer
M ILITARY intelligence and the movie
business may seem worlds apart, but
for 2LT Monroe Mann they’re different sides
acted in high school and briefly attended the
American Academy of Dramatic Arts in New
York City. He went on to college in Switzer-
of the same coin. land, and after completing degrees in econom-
“One is A member of the New York Army National ics and French decided to pursue acting.
an artistic Guard and a recent graduate of the Intelli- “I graduated from college in 1999, and
gence Officer Basic Course at Fort headed back to New York,” he said. “Things
outlet, and Huachuca, Ariz., Mann is also a fledgling went well, but a few months into the process I
the other actor whose most recent film, “Swimfan,” was started feeling funny about just being an actor,
is a way I a major summer hit. like something was missing. And then I saw
“Sure, acting and the Army might not ‘Saving Private Ryan.’”
can give seem like complimentary careers,” Mann The powerful film about a group of soldiers
something said, “but they’re both equally important to on a hazardous World War II mission touched
back me. One is an artistic outlet, and the other is a nerve, Mann said, and after doing some
a way I can give something back to the research he decided that duty in the National
to the nation.” Guard would allow him to both serve the
nation.” A native of Port Chester, N.Y., Mann nation and pursue his theatrical career.

P EOPLE who know her call her the poster


girl for the Army Reserve, but 20-year-
old SPC Sandra Mercado isn’t letting the
the Army expects a lot from me. I like that; I
like the pressure,” Mercado said.
The Rosemead, Calif., high school gradu-
publicity go to her head. ate joined the Reserve in November of her
A year after being senior year. She attended drill weekends, and
featured in the “An Army underwent basic and advanced individual
of One” advertising training after graduation.
campaign, the broad- A writer for her high school newspaper,
cast journalist with the Mercado said she has always been interested
222nd Broadcast Opera- in journalism and knew at a young age that
tions Detachment in Bell, broadcasting would become her niche.
Calif., said the Reserve is “I want to meet a lot of people; I want to
exceeding her expecta- see how others live, how we’re different, but
tions. how we’re alike,” she said.
The fresh- “I don’t know if I’m lucky, but my time in the
man at Pasa- Army has so far been wonderful, and I’ve
dena City always had positive people around me,” she
College has said. “The Army is just like anything else: You
three years’ have to make it work for you. Anything you do,
Reserve duty whether it’s the military or college, you have to
under her make it work for you.
belt. “I don’t just want to be a poster girl,” she
“I’m very said. “I want to gain experience, to deploy and
happy I made be able to tell others when I’m in the field: ‘I’ve
this decision. been there, you can learn something from me.’”
I expected a lot Mercado recently returned from a six-
out of the month deployment in Kosovo with the 302nd
Army, and now Mobile Public Affairs Detachment, her Reserve
Mercado: USAR
unit’s sister unit. — Julia Bobick, U.S. Army
poster girl. Recruiting Command Public Affairs Office

44 Soldiers
Steve Harding
He enlisted at the pull of a trigger!”
in 2000, and USAMU soldiers, filmed months earlier by
after basic a California-based production company crew
training and that traveled to Fort Benning, Ga., appeared at
OCS elected to the beginning and near the end of the broad-
become a cast.
military intelli- Producer Tom Jennings and his crew
gence officer. interviewed USAMU soldiers and civilians for
“Good the show. They visited USAMU ranges to film
intelligence is members of the Service Rifle Team shooting
Mann: Soldier and actor. vital to any the Magnum and interviewed USAMU ammu-
Army, and it’s nition technicians while they were producing
an area in which I think my academic back- special Magnum bullets. They also spoke with
ground can really be of value,” Mann said. USAMU gunsmiths, who build the Magnums
“And intelligence work is interesting; there’s for the Army shooters.
always something going on.” “I think everything went well,” said USAMU
The same can be said of Mann’s civilian Service Rifle Coach Donnie Heuman. “The USAMU
career. In addition to his work in front of the crew members were very excited about being soldiers
camera he has written a screenplay and two around the guns and actually being able to film
books: “The Theatrical Juggernaut,” a guide to a bullet going down range; they thought that appeared
the artistic and business aspects of acting as a was pretty cool.” at the
profession, and “To Benning and Back: The “I found it fascinating to be standing under beginning
Making of a Citizen Soldier.” And he has also the targets while the shooters were ‘punching’
put his business training to work, having holes in them from 600 yards,” said Jennings. and near
founded Unstoppable Actors, a New York- “That’s not an everyday experience for a the end of
based consulting firm that deals with both the civilian.” the broad-
artistic and business aspects of acting. Formed in 1956 by President Dwight D.
Despite his burgeoning show-business Eisenhower to raise the standards of marks- cast.
success, Mann said his military career is manship throughout the U.S. Army, the AMU
equally important. has been a part of the U. S. Army Recruiting
“I love everything about acting, and I think Command since October 1999. — Paula J.
entertaining people is a wonderful service to Randall-Pagán, USAMU PAO
be able to provide,” Mann said. “But I
also feel that I need to give some-
thing back to my country, and being a
soldier really answers that need.” —
Steve Harding

S OLDIERS of the U.S. Army


Marksmanship Unit and actor
Clint Eastwood participated in a
recent History Channel special
broadcast about the Magnum hand-
gun.
Viewers were urged to join the
History Channel “for a review of the
history of the biggest, baddest gun
available today — unlimited firepower
USAMU soldiers: History Channel
debut.
December 2002 45
Around the Services Compiled by SSG Alberto Betancourt
from service reports

William Plate Jr.


Air Force
Elite teams from NAS-
CAR and the Air Force
faced off on Delaware’s Do-
ver Air Force Base flightline in a com-
petition called “reverse pit stop.” The
three-hour event demonstrated the
many similarities and contrasts be-
tween the two organizations, while
allowing each team to experience
something of the other’s maintenance
challenges.

Ray Mickshaw
Marines
Marine Corps Recruit Depot
San Diego and Marine Corps Base
Camp Pendleton, both in Califor-
nia, teamed up once again with
Fox television for “Celebrity Boot
Camp.” This reality show turns
celebrities into Marine Corps re-
cruits and lets them undergo the
mental and physical tests of en-
durance and strength it takes to
become a marine.

Navy
The Navy randomly selected approximately 10,000
sailors to give their opinions on re-enlistment and the
quality of naval service. The chosen were primarily
first-termers who had the chance to convey their con-
cerns and desires on such issues as pay, the assignment
procedure and how time is spent during the workweek.

46 Soldiers
SOLDIERS
Index to Volume 57 Page numbers are indicated immediately following the month of issue. Library of Congress Call Number: U1.A827.
Jan-Dec 2002
Title and Subject Index
2002 Almanac (January) ing West Point. Keeping Families Informed, Apr 46; The star-spangled banner.
Year in Review, 2 Cashing in on the GI Bill, Mar 22; Here’s American Red Cross is an official messen- A Jump to Celebrate, Jun 27; Female para-
Facts and Figures: Situation Report, 8; Ma- what you need to know about the educa- ger, keeping soldiers informed of births, troopers filled the skies over Fort Bragg in
jor Commands, 12; Army Web Sites, 14; tion benefits your military service has deaths and other important family matters a salute to Women’s History Month.
Post Information, 16; Brigade Combat earned you. at home. The Return of the Service Flag, Jul 46; A
Team, 23; Uniform Update, 24; Army Summer School for Officers, Apr 30; A Know Them Before You Need Them, Apr nearly forgotten tradition that honors mili-
Force Structure, 26; Army Careers, 27; former cavalry post in North Dakota is 46; Local Red Cross chapters are a wealth tary personnel in times of war and conflict
Major Equipment, 28. home to an innovative Officer Candidate of assistance and information for active- is making a comeback all over the country.
This Is Our Army, 36. School. duty, reserve-component and retired mili- A Twilight Stroll Through Army History,
Special Inserts: Uniforms, Badges and Rib- Updating the OER System, Nov 14; An tary members. Aug 20; Every Wednesday through the
bons; Major Army Units; Chain of Com- eight-month review of the officer evalua- Helping the Stork, May 22; Landstuhl Re- summer, the Army’s history unfolds in
mand. tion system has prompted some key gional Medical Center’s Stork Nest Pro- music and pageantry in the shadow of the
changes. gram offers expectant mothers a broad White House.
Posters and Pullouts range of specialized services. The Dawn of the Modern Army, Oct 44;
Guide to Writing and Shooting for Soldiers Community Support Reaching Out to the Bereaved, Jun 18; Soldiers talks with author Rick Atkinson
Magazine, Feb. Art From the Heart, Mar 20; The Pentagon When a soldier dies, notifying loved ones about his new three-volume history of the
2002 Pay Charts, Feb 24. is now home to thousands of artworks and helping them through the immediate Army’s battle against Nazi Germany.
West Point at 200, Mar. created by America’s children to honor aftermath of their loss calls for a special Personalizing the Past, Nov 16; The Veter-
Using the Montgomery GI Bill, Mar 24. the nation and its martyrs. kind of caring. ans History Project is helping ensure that
Army Earth Day 2002, Apr. The Army Game, Aug 22; “America’s Army: Serving God and Country, Dec 4; Army important personal stories are not lost.
National Flag Day, Jun. The Official U.S. Army Game” is headed chaplains train to undertake duties both Fort McHenry: Birthplace of America’s
U.S. Army National Guard — We the People, to a computer near you. military and spiritual. National Anthem, Nov 22; A key event in
Jul. Ecybermission, Oct 17; A new Web-based America’s history comes alive for visitors
Army of One posters, Sep. & Dec. competition for students is looking for Fitness and Sports to the fort on Baltimore Harbor.
volunteers to help make the program a Utah Gold, Feb 15; Soldier-athletes stand a From Horse Blood to Hot Pockets, Dec 24;
Hot Topics Pullouts success. good chance of winning the top prizes in a Military rations have changed tremen-
After the Army, Feb. Tomorrow’s Classroom, Nov 32; A Na- variety of sports at this month’s Winter dously — and for the better — over the
Force Protection, May tional Guard Bureau-NASA partnership Olympics. centuries.
Online Army, Aug. is delivering science and space education
Degrees on the Go, Nov. programs to students nationwide. Guard and Reserve Missions
National Guard Update, Jul 16; As the National Maintenance Training Center, Feb
Legal Forum Competitions nation prepares to celebrate Independence 18; A unique facility in Iowa’s farm coun-
Soldiers and the Gun-Control Act, Mar 42; The Culinary Masters, Jun 4; Food was in Day, Guard soldiers continue to serve the try turns out a bumper crop of skilled
Get Off the Debt Wagon, May 38; Making the spotlight when the best chefs cooked nation at home and abroad. Army mechanics and maintenance units.
a Better Move, Oct 18; The Lease You up a storm at the 27th Annual U.S. Army The Reserve’s Continuing Commitment, Jul West Point’s Other Soldiers, Mar 11; En-
Should Do, Dec 42. Culinary Arts Competition at Fort Lee. 20; Army Reservists are also continuing to listed soldiers and NCOs play a vital role
Va. support ongoing operations around the in shaping the Army officers produced by
West Point Athletes (Back Covers) Search and Rescue Challenge, Aug 12; A globe. West Point, while also providing vital
Mike Mayweather, Feb. recent exercise tested the skills of the On the Border, Aug 40; National Guard support and training.
Omar Bradley, Mar. Military District of Washington’s Engi- soldiers continue to aid in securing the Air-Land Ambulance, Mar 44; The soldiers
Rebecca Marier, Apr. neer Company. nation’s northern and southern borders of the Germany-based 421st Medical Bat-
Carl Robert Arvin, May. Best Rangers 2002, Aug 28; Out of 47 against all threats. talion have raised air and ground evacua-
Kim Hall, Jun. competing teams, one emerged as cham- Fighting the Wildfire Wars, Oct 20; “Home- tion to an art form.
Andy Lundbohm, Jul. pion in this year’s grueling 60-hour event. land defense” took on a new meaning for Forward Eyes and Ears, Apr 40; In these
William S. Carpenter Jr., Aug. Leapfest 2002, Dec 34; Military parachut- the soldiers who spent the summer bat- uncertain times the skills of long-range
Diana Willis, Oct. ists from around the world gather to com- tling one of the nation’s oldest enemies. reconnaissance units take on a new impor-
Robert F. Foley, Nov. pete in the annual event hosted by the The Blue-Green Christmas, Dec 33; Texas tance.
Felix A. Blanchard, Glenn W. Davis and Rhode Island Army National Guard. Army and Air National Guard members Dealing with Death, May 44; Across the
Peter M. Dawkins, Dec. join forces with the Austin Police Depart- Army, specially trained mortuary-affairs
Duty/Life ment to bring holiday cheer to families in soldiers, most of them Reservists, deal
Cover 3 Duty in Greece, Apr 14; U.S. soldiers as- need. with death when tragedy strikes.
Corps Bridge Saves Lives, Feb. signed to NATO’s Joint Sub-Regional The Difference Between Life and Death,
The Old Guard, Mar. Command, South Central, in Larissa, History and Traditions Jun 28; For explosive-ordnance techni-
Twilight Tattoo, Apr. Greece, are a vital part of a new and Understanding Islam, Feb 33; Islam is a cians, making quick and correct decisions
Corps Road Modernization, May. increasingly important international head- religion that has many of the same values is a matter of survival.
Army Birthday Message, Jun. quarters. as conservative Christianity. It places a WHINSEC: Strengthening International
Independence Day Message, Jul. Kwajalein: More Than Rocket Science, Jul great deal of emphasis on personal piety, Ties, Jun 34; At Fort Benning, Spanish-
Disaster Recovery, Aug. 28; Life is never dull for the soldiers and and on personal and public morality. speaking officers are learning the fine
WACs and the Bomb, Oct. civilians living and working on Kwajalein West Point at 200, Mar 4; For two centuries points of humanitarian and peacekeeping
Thanksgiving 2002 Message, Nov. Atoll, site of the United States’ premier the U.S. Military Academy has turned operations.
missile test range. young Americans into leaders of the Army Ready for Rapid Reaction, Jun 42; Recent
Army on Film Island Life, Jul 34; Ask Kwajalein’s resi- and the nation. months of heightened world tension have
Black Hawk Down, Feb 40; We go behind dents for the one word that best sums up America’s Lasting Monument, Mar 18; Built kept the 450-member Allied Command,
the scenes to look at the Army’s role in daily life on the remote atoll, and the most during the dark days of World War II, the Europe, Rapid Reaction Corps on con-
making the blockbuster film. common response is “unique.” Pentagon has long been the center of the stant high alert.
We Were Soldiers, Mar 26; A stirring new The Soldier Perspective, Jul 36; Some of nation’s military might. The Other Afghan Campaign, Jul 14; U.S.
film starring Mel Gibson tells the heroic the 22 soldiers assigned to U.S. Army More Than a Patch, May 14; Unit patches soldiers were among those aiding Afghan
story of the soldiers who fought the first Kwajalein give their take on island life. are a symbol of pride for those who wear civilians following a massive earthquake.
large-scale action of the Vietnam War. By Air and by Sea, Jul 39; The size of them, and creating the distinctive insignia Return to Kosovo, Jul 26; The May arrival
Kwajalein Atoll’s lagoon and the distance is part art and part history. of 1st Infantry Division units in the Bal-
Army Transformation between its islands make for some signifi- Memories of “BK,” May 18; Last summer’s kans marked the division’s return to Task
U.S. Northern Command Debuts in Octo- cant logistical challenges. departure of the last American soldiers Force Falcon for the first time since its
ber, Jul 24; A new command will bolster Island Focus, Nov 30; It’s strategic loca- from Bad Kreuznach, Germany, did not elements left the beleaguered country in
the nation’s homeland-defense efforts. tion, within shipping distance of several of dim the mutual friendships forged over December 2000.
AMC — Paving the Way to the Army’s the world’s hot spots, is one of Diego five decades. Bringing Health to Honduras, Jul 42; Pa-
Future, Oct 24; GEN Paul J. Kern of the Garcia’s best features. Marking the Distance Home, May 40; Com- tients come from far and wide when JTF-
U.S. Army Materiel Command talks about Special Assignment: Soto Cano, Nov 34; mon since Roman times, mile markers Bravo medical teams set up shop in rural
AMC’s goals, it’s participation in the war Soldiers at this little-known base in Hon- have always pointed the way home for villages.
on terror, and its ongoing development of duras handle an assortment of important deployed service members. Bosnia Update, Aug 32; From throughout
advanced equipment and technologies. missions. A Tank to Remember, May 42; A vintage the Balkan nation come these stories of the
M3A1 tank found in Haiti will soon take Army’s continuing mission
Career News and Issues Family and Quality-of-Life Issues its place among other valued relics at the A Hot and Deadly Mission, Aug 36; Army
Prepping for the Point, Mar 10; For many ARC on the Move, Apr 44; Deployment is a 1st Armored Division Museum. EOD experts answered the call for help
active-duty and reserve-component sol- part of the job for members of the Ameri- United by Old Glory, Jun 22; In the after- following a disaster in Nigeria.
diers, the U.S. Military Academy Prepara- can Red Cross Armed Forces Emergency math of Sept. 11, the nation found unity, A Search for the Missing, Aug 46; A Ha-
tory School is the first step toward attend- Service mobile staff. healing, determination and strength in our waii-based team journeyed to remote

December 2002 47
Kwajalein Atoll to search for the remains America and here at home. Author Index sion, Aug 36.
of Americans missing since World War II. Clearing the Caves, Jun 16; Lessons learned Monroy, SGT Daniel: WHINSEC:
Europe’s Premier Training Sites, Oct 4; in Afghanistan led the Engineer School at Baker, PFC Jason B: A Jump to Celebrate, Strengthening International Ties, Jun 34.
When it comes to maneuver or live-fire Fort Leonard Wood, Mo., to add innova- Jun 27. Pacard, MAJ Stephan: Tomorrow’s Class-
training in Europe, soldiers know that tive cave-clearing training to the curricu- Benner, SFC Brenda: The Blue-Green room, Nov 32.
Hohenfels and Grafenwöhr can’t be beat. lum of the Engineer Advanced Noncom- Christmas, Dec 33. Plata, CPL Holly: The Other Afghan Cam-
The AMC Team, Oct 31; AMC’s major missioned Officer Course. Betancourt, SSG Alberto: Repairing the paign, Jul 14.
subordinate commands are hard at work The NBC Detectives, Oct 14; A challenging Pentagon, Mar 16; America’s Lasting Portman, Gunnery Sgt. Charles: Training
on a wide range of sophisticated systems exercise at Dugway Proving Ground tested Monument, Mar 18; Art From the Heart, an Afghan Army, Aug 4.
that will ensure the Army’s continued the NBC skills of soldiers and scientists Mar 20; Task Force Rakkasans, Apr 4; Pullen, LTC Randy and Leggieri, Rebecca
dominance of land warfare. from the U.S. and 14 European countries. MPs in Afghanistan, Apr 9; Kandahar’s P.: The Reserve’s Continuing Commit-
The Army’s Floating Brigade, Nov 24; Ships Stryker in the Spotlight, Dec 14; The new Supply Hub, May 4; Coalition Team ment, Jul 20.
based at an Indian Ocean island carry a wheeled infantry carrier vehicle was the Clears Land Mines, May 8; On Guard at Reece, Beth: Muslim and Soldier, Feb 30;
potent array of Army combat power. center of attention during recent exercises Guantanamo, Jul 4; A Twilight Stroll Duty in Greece, Apr 14; Exploring
at the National Training Center at Fort Through Army History, Aug 20; Fort Greece’s Past and Present, Apr 19; More
Off Duty Irwin, Calif. McHenry, Birthplace of America’s Na- Than a Patch, May 14; United by Old
Rocky Mountain Blue, Feb 16; A new De- Kitchen Artistry, Dec 20; Army chefs are tional Anthem, Nov 22; One Tough Track, Glory, Jun 22; Star Spangled Manners,
partment of Defense resort in the Colo- dedicated to providing soldiers with whole- Dec 30. Jun 26; Soldiers on Stage, Aug 16;
rado Rockies offers guests a range of year- some, nutritious meals. Bingham, MSG Debra: High-Tech Guard Through an Artist’s Eyes, Nov 46; Hot
round activities. Duty, Jul 8. Topics inserts Feb, May, Aug, Nov; Serv-
Exploring Greece’s Past and Present, Apr War on Terrorism Burlas, Joe: The Pentagon Attack Remem- ing God and Country, Dec 4; Kitchen
19; For Larissa-based soldiers and their The Anthrax Threat, Feb 4; Army research- bered, Oct 2; Updating the OER System, Artistry, Dec 20.
families, living in Greece offers the chance ers joined their civilian counterparts in Nov 14. Rejcek, Peter: A Search for the Missing,
to explore in depth the vibrant and beauti- dealing with the threat posed by anthrax Carson, SPC Jamie: The Culinary Mas- Aug 46.
ful land where Socrates once roamed. and other infectious diseases. ters, Jun 4. Siemieniec, SSG Jack: National Mainte-
Ach, the Pipes!, Jul 28; Playing the bag- Defending the Home Front, Feb 12; Na- Charlton, SPC Chris, Clearing the Caves nance Training Center, Feb 18.
pipes is one way of socializing and build- tional Guard soldiers have rallied to the Jun 16. Slee, John and Key, 1LT David: A Tank to
ing community spirit on Kwajalein Atoll. nation’s defense, helping to protect vital Chucala, Steven: Soldiers and the Gun Remember, May 42.
Soldiers on Stage, Aug 16; The talents of 24 structures and facilities across the nation. Control Act, Mar 42; Get Off the Debt Snyder, SFC Lisa Beth: Cashing in on the
soldiers are front and center as the 2002 Repairing the Pentagon, Mar 16; Construc- Wagon, May 38; Making a Better Move, GI Bill, Mar 22; Using the Montgomery
U.S. Army Soldier Show hits the stage. tion teams have been working around the Oct 18; The Lease You Should Do, Dec GI Bill, Mar 24; ARC on the Move, Apr
clock since Sept. 11 to repair the damage 42. 44; Keeping Families Informed, Apr 46;
People done to the historic Pentagon. DeMaio, SPC Douglas: Best Rangers 2002, Know Them Before You Need Them, Apr
Muslim and Soldier, Feb 30; The first of the Task Force Rakkasans, Apr 4; For soldiers Aug 28. 46.
Army’s seven Muslim chaplains speaks of the 101st Airborne Division’s 3rd Bri- Foss, Adriane: Understanding Islam, Feb Thomas-Gates, SSG Zelda: The Quick-Fix
out on faith, duty and the true nature of gade Combat Team, duty in Afghanistan 33. and Beyond, Nov 6; Water Works, Nov 8.
terrorism. is anything but routine. Foster, Renita: Marking the Distance Tolliver, SPC Rachael: The Return of the
An Author’s Quest, Mar 33; Joseph L. Gal- MPs in Afghanistan, Apr 9; The 519th Home, May 40. Service Flag, Jul 46.
loway was the first civilian journalist to Military Police Battalion is ensuring that Garamone, Jim: U.S. Northern Command Tolzmann, Michael: The Verminator, Apr
receive a Bronze Star with “V” device for the Kandahar detainee facility is secure. Debuts in October, Jul 24. 22.
valor. His experience in Vietnam led him Kandahar’s Supply Hub, May 4; When Harding, Steve: Firefighter University, Tombrello, Joe: West Point at 200, Mar 4;
to tell the story of the soldiers he fought transports bearing vital supplies land at May 24; Learning to Master the Moun- Prepping for the Point, Mar 10.
with. Afghanistan’s main airport, soldiers en- tains, Jun 10; Kwajalein: More Than Vogel, Al: The NBC Detectives, Oct 14.
A Commander Remembers, Mar 36; Re- sure the offload goes like clockwork. Rocket Science, Jul 28; Island Life, Jul Volb, Tech. Sgt. G. A.: Bringing Health to
tired LTG Harold G. Moore was the first Coalition Team Clears Land Mines, May 8; 34; The Soldier Perspective, Jul 36; Ach, Honduras, Jul 42; Special Assignment:
man on the ground with his troops during Clearing explosives that litter Afghani- the Pipes!, Jul 38; By Air and by Sea, Jul Soto Cano, Nov 34.
the November 1965 battle at Landing Zone stan in which coalition forces operate is a 39; The Dawn of the Modern Army, Oct Ward, Dennis and High, Gil: The Army’s
X-ray vital and potentially deadly mission. 44; The Army’s Floating Brigade, Nov FutureCar, Apr 24.
The Verminator, Apr 22; Franco Lidron is EOD in Afghanistan, Jun 32; The 710th 24; Island Focus, Nov 30; Stryker in the Wiggins, LTC Mark H.: Ecybermission,
no heartless killer, though the squeamish Ordnance Company is clearing sites in Spotlight, Dec 14. Oct 17.
have been known to scream while he works. Afghanistan that are littered with Hart, SSG Marcia: West Point’s Other Wiley, SPC Jonathan: Search and Rescue
A Handsome Man, Nov 9; Perhaps the old- unexploded bombs, mines and other mu- Soldiers, Mar 11. Challenge, Aug 12.
est U.S. service member in Afghanistan, nitions. Hasenauer, Heike: The Anthrax Threat, Williams, SGT Calvin: A Handsome Man,
COL Narayan Desmukh is also one of the On Guard at Guantanamo, Jul 4; Soldiers Feb 4; Black Hawk Down, Feb 40; We Nov 9.
most dedicated. serving at Camp X-ray in Cuba undertake Were Soldiers, Mar 26; An Author’s Young, SSG George; Lunato, SPC
Through an Artist’s Eyes, Nov 46; This a range of missions, but none more impor- Quest, Mar 33; A Commander Remem- Michelle; Oliver, SPC Vincent: Bosnia
soldier-artist helped record the Army’s tant than guarding Taliban and al-Qaeda bers, Mar 36; Air-Land Ambulance, Mar Update, Aug 32.
efforts in peace and war. detainees. 44; Forward Eyes and Ears, Apr 40;
High-Tech Guard Duty, Jul 8; Soldiers from Memories of “BK,” May 18; Helping the Photo Contributors
September 11 Anniversary the Texas-based 4th Infantry Division, the Stork, May 22; Dealing with Death, May Allen, George: The Other Afghan Cam-
Attack on America, Sep; This special edi- Army’s “digital division,” are using some 44; Reaching Out to the Bereaved, Jun paign, Jul 14; EOD in Afghanistan, Jun
tion of Soldiers is a pictorial record of our advanced systems to help secure Camp X- 18; Ready for Rapid Reaction, Jun 42; 32.
nation’s continuing response to the Sept. ray and the detainees it houses. The Army Game, Aug 22; The War on Betancourt, SSG Alberto: High-Tech
11, 2001, attacks on America. Training an Afghan Army, Aug 4; As part of Terrorism, Sep 4; Europe’s Premier Guard Duty, Jul 8.
the global war against terrorism, soldiers Training Sites, Oct 4; AMC — Paving the Curtis, Wayne N.: Sharp Shooters, Feb 34.
Technology from the 1st Battalion, 3rd Special Forces Way to the Army’s Future, Oct 24; The Disney, Paul: Defending the Home Front,
The Army’s FutureCar, Apr 24; In opera- Group, are helping train the troops who AMC Team, Oct 31; Personalizing the Feb 12; Muslim and Soldier, Feb 30;
tion, the concept vehicle unveiled at the will become the nucleus of the new — and Past, Nov 16; From Horse Blood to Hot Victory Strike II, Feb 36; Art From the
Detroit Auto Show is 90-percent defen- united — Afghan National Army Pockets, Dec 24. Heart, Mar 20; More Than a Patch, May
sive, 10-percent lethal and 100-percent The Pentagon Attack Remembered, Oct 2; Haskell, MSG Bob: Defending the Home 14; The Culinary Masters, Jun 4; Clear- ✩ U.S. Government Printing Office: 2002—491-540/60007
excitement. A ceremony at the Pentagon honored those Front, Feb 12; Summer School for Offic- ing the Caves, Jun 16; United by Old
One Tough Track, Dec 30; The Army and who died on Sept. 11, and celebrated the ers, Apr 30; On the Border, Aug 40; Glory, Jun 22; Search and Rescue Chal-
Marine Corps have joined forces to create building’s rebirth. Fighting the Wildfire Wars, Oct 20; lenge, Aug 12; Kitchen Artistry, Dec 20.
a challenging test track for new vehicles. First Steps to Recovery, Nov 4; Soldiers are Leapfest 2002, Dec 34. Gamble, Tech. Sgt. Gerold: Tomorrow’s
helping repair the physical damage that is High, Gil: Guide to Writing and Shooting Classroom, Nov 32.
Training apparent everywhere throughout post- for Soldiers Magazine, Feb insert. Graves, SGT William A.: Sharp Shooters,
Victory Strike II, Feb 36; An exercise in Taliban Afghanistan. Huhn, SGT Robb: First Steps to Recovery, May 36.
Poland brought together soldiers from four The Quick-Fix and Beyond, Nov 6; The Nov 4. Harding, Steve: A Search for the Missing,
nations, and marked the largest U.S. troop Coalition Joint Civilian-Military Opera- Hunt, SGT Brent and Roche, Bill: Victory Aug 46.
movement in Europe in recent history. tions Task Force helps coordinate the ef- Strike II, Feb 36. Hasenauer, Heike: The Difference Between
Firefighter University, May 24; Located at forts of relief agencies working in Af- Ide, Douglas: Utah Gold, Feb 15. Life and Death, Jun 28.
Goodfellow AFB, Texas, the Louis F. ghanistan. Lane, MSG Larry: Return to Kosovo, Jul High, Gil: The Army’s FutureCar, Apr 24.
Garland Fire Academy produces Water Works, Nov 8; Providing the Afghan 26. Jordan, Jonas N.: Sharp Shooters, Nov 38
firefighters for all of the nation’s military people with wells, pumps and other water- Magee, 2nd Lt. Virgil: Rocky Mountain Kieffer, Gary L.: Duty in Greece, Apr 14;
services. supply facilities helps promote health, farm Blue, Feb 16. Exploring Greece’s Past and Present,
Learning to Master the Mountains, Jun 10; production and political stability. Marck, SPC David: EOD in Afghanistan, Apr 19.
Instructors at the Colorado National Jun 32. Skidmore, Gary: Sharp Shooters, Oct 38.
Guard’s High-Altitude Army Aviation September 11 Anniversary McBride, SGT Sharon: The Difference Terry, SGT Sean A.: Water Works, Nov 8.
Training Site are ensuring that Army avia- Attack on America, Sep; This special edi- Between Life and Death, Jun 28. Trubia, Robert: Utah Gold, Feb 15.
tors have the graduate-level skills neces- tion of Soldiers is a pictorial record of our McElveen, Renee: National Guard Up- Underhill, Sarah: Sharp Shooters, Apr 36.
sary to tackle increasingly frequent high- nation’s continuing response to the Sept. date, Jul 16. Wyllie, SPC James: Sharp Shooters, Dec
country missions in Afghanistan, Central 11, 2001, attacks on America. McQueen, Arthur: A Hot and Deadly Mis- 36.

48 Soldiers
The Corps Engages:
White House Engineers
I
N early 1877 President Ulysses S. Army officer selected could come
Grant appointed COL Thomas L. from any branch of the Army.
COL Thomas L. Casey’s Casey the commissioner of public COL Spencer Cosby, who served
buildings for the District of Columbia, as White House administrator and
appointment began the which also made Casey administrator commissioner from March 1909 to
of the White House. Thus began the October 1913, oversaw design and
57-year tradition of an 57-year tradition of an Army engineer construction of new executive offices
occupying that position. That officer at the White House. One new office
Army engineer occupy- also served as the Army’s military for President William H. Taft’s use
aide to the president. This custom became known as the Oval Office.
ing the position of White lasted until 1934 when, as part of a Appropriately, the last engineer
larger reorganization, President officer to serve as the White House
House administrator. Franklin D. Roosevelt transferred that administrator was COL Ulysses S.
position to the National Park Service. Grant III, grandson of the president
Prior to Casey’s appointment, the who first appointed an Army engi-
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Office of History. neer.

The calutrons required


constant attention to
keep the ion beam at a
maximum.

COL Spencer Cosby (center) commissioner of public buildings and grounds for the District of Columbia, and President Woodrow
Wilson (right) prepare to leave the White House for the inaugural parade in 1913.
Davis

Blanchard

Dawkins

Blanchard, Davis and Dawkins


SINCE the 1935 inception of the Heisman Trophy, three Army
players have garnered the award: Felix A. Blanchard in 1945
(Class of 1947); Glenn W. Davis in 1946 (Class of 1947) and
Peter M. Dawkins in 1958 (Class of 1959). Only three other
schools have had more winners.

2 West Point — 200 Years of Athletic Excellence Soldiers