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Sulfur removal technology

Zinc oxide adsorbent for feedstock purification

Product data
Proven catalysis expertise With over 50 years of catalysis experience and a reputation for superior customer service, BASF is proud to introduce a complete line of high performing catalyst technologies for hydrogen and ammonia production. From hydrodesulfurization to steam reforming to ammonia synthesis, let us show you how our proven syngas technologies can make a difference in your operation. Cutting-edge technology BASF Sulfur Removal Technology is a zinc oxide adsorbent suitable for the removal of hydrogen sulfide from hydrocarbon feedstocks.
Target Properties SG-9201 Description Composition Surface Area Pore Volume Bulk Density Size Crush strength

Applications Hydrocarbon feedstocks used in the production of ammonia, methanol, and hydrogen typically contain organic sulfur compounds which must be removed prior to any further processing. Even trace amounts of sulfur can poison the nickel and copper catalysts used in downstream processes. Desulfurization is typically accomplished by first hydrogenating the organic sulfur compounds to form hydrogen sulfide: R2S + 2H2 2RH + H2S RSH + H2 RH + H2S

Then, reacting the hydrogen sulfide with a zinc oxide adsorbent to form zinc sulfide, effectively trapping the sulfur: ZnO + H2S ZnS + H2O Features BASF Sulfur Removal Technology is a mature zinc oxide adsorbent that has been optimized to achieve maximum sulfur pickup. Higher surface area As the feed gas passes through the catalyst bed, hydrogen sulfide is irreversibly adsorbed by the active zinc oxide particles within the catalyst (see Figure 1). This reaction starts at the outer surface and proceeds to the core of the catalyst. Since diffusion of hydrogen sulfide through the matrix is a slow process, more high-activity zinc oxide sites need to be available to maximize the sulfur adsorption. More active sites translate to a faster, more complete sulfur removal. BASF Sulfur Removal Technology is designed with this in mind as it provides an optimal surface area of highly active zinc oxide for maximal sulfur pickup.

White cylindrical extrudate ZnO 95% LOI 5% > 30 m2 / gram [21 x 106 in2 / lb] 0.4 ml / gram [11,000 in3 / lb] 1.15 kg / liter [72 lb / ft3] 4 mm X 8 mm [ 5/32 in X 5/16 in] 100 N/cm [57.1 lb / in]

Although all statements and information in this publication are believed to be accurate and reliable, they are presented gratis and for guidance only, and risks and liability for results obtained by use of the products or application of the suggestions described are assumed by the user. NO WARRANTIES OF ANY KIND, EITHER EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING WARRANTIES OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE, ARE MADE REGARDING PRODUCTS DESCRIBED OR DESIGNS, DATA OR INFORMATION SET FORTH. Statements or suggestions concerning possible use of the products are made without representation or warranty that any such use is free of patent infringement and are not recommendations to infringe any patent. The user should not assume that toxicity data and safety measures are indicated or that other measures may not be required. BF-8492, 02/2007 2007 BASF Catalysts LLC

High pore volume In order for the high surface area to be quickly reachable, a network of meso- and macro-pores must exist. As transport through the smaller micropores is typically too slow to achieve full exploitation of the active zinc oxide surface area, some of the surface will inevitably be lost leading to reduced sulfur pickup. BASF Sulfur Removal Technology has one of the largest pore volumes available to maximize the usable zinc oxide surface area and provide improved single bed operation. Improved handling and mechanical stability In addition to high surface area and pore volume, BASF Sulfur Removal Technology also features higher side-crush strength. As a result, dusting and attrition due to abrasion are lessened, leading to improved handling and reduced pressure drop over the lifetime of the catalyst. In addition, the size and shape of the extrudates have been optimized to further mitigate the impact of pressure drops. Packaging 200 kg (440 lbs) in 200-liter (55-gallon) steel drums

Availability Commercial quantities are available directly from BASF by calling +31.30.66.69.555. About BASF BASF Corporation is a surface and materials science company that develops technologies to improve customers products and processes. A Fortune 500 company, BASF is a world-leading provider of technologies for environmental process, appearance, and performance applications.

For more information regarding BASF Sulfur Removal Catalyst and other BASF technologies, visit us on the web at www.BASF.com/syngas.

unreacted ZnO

ZnS

Figure 1: Irreversible adsorption of H2S on zinc-oxide to form zinc-sulfide

BASF Catalysts LLC PO Box 770 Iselin, NJ 08830-0770 Tel: 1-732-205-5000 Fax: 1-732-205-5687 web: www.basf-catalysts.com