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TABLE OF RECOMMENDED WELDING PRACTICES

C- 11/4Cr- 21/4Cr- 5Cr- 9Cr- SS SS SS SS SS SS INCOLOY


CS 12Cr HK HT 800
1/2Mo 1/2Mo 1Mo 1/2Mo 1Mo 304 316 321 347 309 310
A/B B/C B B B B B/K M/K M/K M/K M/E312 M/K M/L M M M
CS 1-A 1-A 2-B 2-B 2-C 3-C 3-C 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N
C C C C C C/K M/K M/K M/K M/E312 M/K M/L M M M
C-1/2Mo 1-A 2-B 2-B 2-C 3-C 3-C 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N 1-N
D D D D D/K* M/K M/K M/K M/E312 M/K M/L M M M
11/4Cr-1/2Mo 2-C 2-C 2-C 3-C 3-C 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N
E E E E/K* M/K M/K M/K M/E312 M/K M/L M M M
21/4Cr-1Mo 2-C 2-C 3-C 3-C 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N 2-N
F F F/K*
5Cr-1/2Mo 2-C 3-C 3-C * * * * * * * * *
G G/K*
9Cr-1Mo 3-C 3-C * * * * * * * * *
O/M
12Cr 3-C * * * * * * * * *
H H H H H K K/M K/M M
SS304 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D
I I I I K/L K/M K/M M
SS316 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D
J J J K/L K/M K/M M
SS321 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D
K K K/L K/M K/M M
SS309 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D
L L/M L/M M
SS310 1-D 1-D 1-D 1-D
K/M M M
HK 1-D 1-D 1-D
M M
HT 1-D 1-D
M
INCOLOY800 1-D
Note : 1. In the box Top line indicates welding consumables (Refer Appendix A)
Bottom line left indicates preheat requirements (Refer Appendix B)
Bottom line right indicates post weld heat requirements (Refer Appendix C)
2. ( * ) These combinations may be joined by welding, Heat treatment may however, adversely affect
the properties of one of the base matels. Contact EIL-HMTD for further information.
3. ( * ) PWHT may affect the corrosion resistance properties of the austenitic stainless steel weld metal
under some conditions. Confirm with EIL/HMTD before use.
APPENDIX-A (WELDING CONSUMABLES)
*A E-6010 for Root and E-7018 for Cover passes
B E7016 , E7018 , ER70S-2 Bare Wire
C E7016-A1 , E7018-A1 , ER80S-D2
D E8016-B2 , E8018-B2 , ER80S-B2 , ER80S-B2L NOTES:
E E9016-B3 , E9018-B3 , ER80S-B3 , E312 * For pipe or tube sizes upto 4"O.D. or
1/2"wall thickness maximum.
F E8018 B6, ER 80 S B6 Bare Wire
G E8018 B8, ER 80 S B8 Bare Wire + For special requirements of impact
test and BHN, Chroloy No.414 is
H E308-15 , E308-16 , ER308 Bare Wire recommended.
I E316-15 , E316-16 , ER316 Bare Wire
J E347-15 , E347-16 , Bare Wire
K E309-15 , E309-16 , Bare Wire ER309
L E310-15 , E310-16 , Bare Wire ER310
M ENiCrFe-3 (inconel 182) , ERNiCr-3 (inconel 82) Bare Wire
N E310-15 HG
+O E410-15 , E410-16 , ER410 Bare Wire

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APPENDIX-B (PREHEAT REQUIREMENTS)
1. 50°F(10°C) for Carbon Steel with thickness less than 1" and minimum specified tensile strength not
to exceeding 71000 psi.
50°F(10°C) for Carbon-moly Steel upto 1/2" thickness and minimum specified tensile strength not to
exceeding 71000 psi.
50°F(10°C) for all thickness of alloys 304,316,321,347,309,310,HK and Incoloy800.
175°F(79°C) for Carbon-moly Steel over 1/2" thickness or with minimum specified tensile strength
exceeding 71000 psi.
175°F(79°C) for Carbon Steel 1" and over or with minimum specified tensile strength exceeding
71000 psi.
2. 300°F(149°C) for 1 1/4 Cr - 1/2 Mo Steel ; 350°F for 2 1/4 Cr - 1 Mo & 5 Cr - 1/2 Mo steels
3. 400°F(204°C) for 9 Cr - 1 Mo and 12 Cr steels.
APPENDIX-C (POST WELD HEAT TREATMENT REQUIREMENTS)
A) 1100°F(593°C) - 1200°F(649°C) See Note 1
B) 1250°F(676°C) - 1350°F(732°C) See Note 1
C) 1325°F(718°C) - 1350°F(732°C) See Note 1
D) See Note 2
N) Not required where the ferritic member is within the limits shown in Note1. For situations outside
these limits, EIL-HMTD will provide specific instructions.
Note 1: PWHT not required for the followings conditions :
a. Carbon Steel Tubing or Piping of less than 3/4" wall thickness
b. Carbon - moly tubing or piping upto 3/4" wall thickness and min.specified tensile strength not
exceeding 71,000 psi.
c. Chrome - moly tubing or piping that meets all of the following requirements :
i) A maximum specified chromium content of 3%
ii) A maximum wall thickness of 1/2"
iii) A minimum preheat of 350°F(176°C) {300°F(149°C) for Cr content not exceeding 2%}
d. Fillet welds attaching external non-pressure parts such as lugs or other pipe supporting elements to
carbon steel, carbon-moly, 1 1/4Cr - 1/2Mo, 2 1/4Cr - 1Mo pipe or tube provided the throat thickness
of the fillet weld does not exceed.
i) 1/2" for attachments to carbon steel and carbon moly
ii) 1/4" for attachments to Chrome - Moly pipe or Tubes.
The minimum preheat temperature shall be as specified in Appendix B based on the pipe or tube wall
thickness.
e. Fillet welds used in slip-on and socket welding flanges and connections, as follows :
i) Carbon steel materials, regardless of thickness, when the weld throat thickness does not
exceed 5/8".
ii) Carbon -moly steel and chrome-moly steel (upto 3% max.chrome content), regardless of the
thickness, when the weld throat thickness does not exceed 1/2".
iii) The min. preheat temperature shall be as specified in Appendix B based on the pipe or tube
wall thickness.
Note 2 : No post weld heat treatment normally required. However, when service conditions require post weld
treatment, EIL-HMTD will provide specific instructions.
The above table prepared based on the EIL standard specification of coils for fired heaters, specification 6-17-03 Rev.01

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