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The Official U.S.

Army Magazine May 2002

Supply Hub
Than a
T op
o t lout9
May 2002 Volume 57, No. 5

4 Kandahar’s Supply Hub

When transports bearing vital
SOLDIERS IN Afghanistan
supplies land at Afghanistan’s
main airport, soldiers ensure the
offload goes like clockwork.

The Official 8 Coalition Team Clears Land

U.S. Army Magazine Mines
Secretary of the Army: Thomas E. White
Mines litter the areas of
Chief of Staff: GEN Eric K. Shinseki Afghanistan in which coalition
Chief of Public Affairs: MG Larry D. Gottardi
Chief, Command Information: COL Stephen T. Campbell
forces operate. Clearing the
explosives is a vital — and
Soldiers Staff potentially deadly — mission.
Editor in Chief: LTC John E. Suttle
Managing Editor: Gil High
Production Editor: Steve Harding
Art Director: Helen Hall VanHoose
Associate Art Director: Paul Henry Crank
Senior Editor: Heike Hasenauer
Associate Editor: SFC Lisa Beth Snyder
Photo Editor: SSG Alberto Betancourt
Photographer: Paul Disney
Special Products Editor: Beth Reece
Graphic Designer: LeRoy Jewell
Executive Secretary: Joseph T. Marsden

Soldiers (ISSN 0093-8440) is published monthly under super-

vision of the Army Chief of Public Affairs to provide the Total
14 More Than a Patch 24 Firefighter University 44 Dealing with Death
Army with information on people, policies, operations, technical Unit patches are a symbol of pride Located at Goodfellow AFB, Across the Army, specially
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the Army. The views and opinions expressed are not necessarily 14 for those who wear them, and Texas, the Louis F. Garland Fire trained mortuary-affairs Get your copy
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“by permission” and copyright items), material may be reprinted 18 Memories of “BK”
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Last summer’s departure of the 40 Marking the Distance Home Front cover:
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Students at the joint-
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Secretary of the Army has determined that the publication of this 22
Kreuznach, Germany, did not dim
the mutual friendships forged
mile markers have always pointed
the way home for deployed
DEPARTMENTS services Louis F.
periodical is necessary in the transaction of the public business
over five decades. servicemembers. Garland Fire Academy
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10 Briefings
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22 Helping the Stork 43 A Tank to Remember 32 Focus on People
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48 Around the Services 24 44
Superb, But Inaccurate
From the Editor YOUR magazine continues to Patriotism in Stone
Perhaps the most enduring provide superb news and ar-
image of the attack on ticles for us soldiers. I READ with great interest and
To assist you in your quest enjoyment your March article
America is that of firefighters for excellence, I offer two spell- “Repairing the Pentagon.” Your
defiantly raising the American ing changes in your March ar- story was very well written and
flag atop the rubble of the ticle “We Were Soldiers...”. informative. I am also thankful
World Trade Center. Often First, “Fort Toten,” head- for the chance to see photos
quarters of the 77th Regional of the work in progress on the
overlooked and usually under- Support Command, is really Pentagon — images I have not seen on
appreciated, it is the fire- Fort Totten. Second, the unit TV.
fighter we turn to for salvation you referred to as the “63rd Re- Part of the reason I’m so interested in this subject and so
when disaster strikes. Join serve Support Command” is pleased to see it featured in your magazine is because my
actually the 63rd Regional Sup- husband, Danny R. Wood, works at the limestone mill where
Steve Harding for an inside port Command (the USAR has the stone is being quarried and fabricated to replace what
look at the forging of fire- 12 regional support commands was destroyed on Sept. 11. My husband is also a first ser-
fighters in “Firefighter and no “reserve support com- geant in the Indiana Army National Guard. I am extremely
mands”). proud of both his professions.
University.” Chaplain (COL) Doug Lee All of the mill’s employees exhibit a strong sense of
Another often overlooked via e-mail patriotic pride in sending their work to Washington, D.C.
and underappreciated profes- They have even inscribed their names on a special corner-
sion is that of the logistician. DOF on Target stone to be used in the rebuilding.
So many of us have a desire to help rebuild what was
From Afghanistan, SSG Alberto A LETTER in the March Feed- torn down that terrible day, and these men actually have the
Betancourt showcases the back section (“Purple Heart or privilege of doing so. And they are aware of what an honor
backbone of the war on terror- DOF?”) questioned whether the it is.
new Defense of Freedom medal Thank you for your coverage of this story. It is important
ism, the 101st Airborne’s 626th
is a “medal we really don’t need.” to let the world know that no matter what the terrorists demol-
Forward Support Battalion, in This is because, in the ish, America will simply rebuild it — stronger.
“Kandahar’s Supply Hub.” writer’s view, the Purple Heart Micki Wood
Whether it’s the screaming could have been awarded to via e-mail
civilians injured in the terrorist
eagle of the 101st or the shield attack on the Pentagon.
of the 1st Cavalry Division, few
military symbols evoke as much
Unfortunately for the letter
writer (name withheld by re-
Ambulance Facts you, your staff and especially
your readers are aware that
pride and emotion as the shoul- quest), the website from which I WANT to give you a heads-up there is more than one of this
he got his information is simply about an inaccurate statement type unit serving on active duty.
der-sleeve insignia. In “More wrong. From 1943 until 1997 made by a solder quoted in the CPT Jeffery L. Mosso
Than a Patch,” Beth Reece civilians were, in fact, eligible March article “Air-Land Ambu- via e-mail
takes us on an evolutionary for the Purple Heart — and lance.”
journey from an artist’s idea to about 100 received it. In 1997,
however, Congress passed leg-
SFC Steven Seitz, a pla-
toon sergeant in the 557th Medi-
Bad Language, or PC?
a soldier’s shoulder. islation restricting the Purple cal Company, stated that his WITH regard to LTC Shea’s
Finally, Heike Hasenauer’s Heart to uniformed personnel. unit is the only 40-vehicle M997 letter in the April issue, some-
“Memories of ‘BK’” chronicles This, of course, explains ground-ambulance company in one should tell him to stop be-
exactly why the Defense De- the active Army. That statement ing such a prude and overly PC.
a community’s fond farewell to partment created the Defense is not exactly accurate. There Is he trying to create a tempest
soldiers and their families as of Freedom Medal — because is also the 514th Medical Com- in a tea pot? I really cannot
the Army ends its five-decade the Purple Heart was no longer pany, which also maintains 40 believe you would give him the
presence in the German city. available to recognize the sac- M997 ground ambulances. The print space you did, much less
rifices made by our civilian 514th belongs to I Corps’ 62nd highlight his comments like you
brothers and sisters. Medical Brigade at Fort Lewis, did.
COL Fred Borch Wash. Your handling of the “We
via e-mail I just wanted to ensure that Were Soldiers” article was

2 Soldiers
tasteful and right on. While
Galloway’s comment may have
those values) by not “artfully
editing” Galloway’s words.
Yes, we shored the build-
ing, but that is just one of the
Good Job, Eh?
been a little too colorful, it was LTC Thomas B. Tennant, many tools used during rescue I’M currently serving with the
not over the edge nor did it re- USAR operations. Canadian army contingent in
quire LTC Shea’s comments. via e-mail CPT Aaron C. Barta Kandahar, Afghanistan.
Galloway could have said via e-mail Our integration with the
worse, and within the context of
More Than Shorers American forces here has been
the article it was way too small
to notice. IN the April 2002 Focus on
Posters and Kudos a great success, and I have
made a lot of new friends. It has
As a military historian who People you state that the Mili- THANKS for all the staff’s hard also been my pleasure to read
has interviewed many veterans, tary District of Washington En- work at Soldiers Magazine. It your magazine, and I am really
I can tell you that we try to get gineer Company at Fort Belvoir, has always been, and contin- impressed with it.
the raw, unencumbered re- Va., helped “shore up the Pen- ues to be, one of the most posi- Would it be possible to get
membrances of the people who tagon” after the Sept. 11 attack tive, informative and upbeat a subscription to Soldiers?
were there. It may be crude and so that rescue workers could publications about life in the Thanks for your help, and
graphic, but it is honest and in- more easily reach the wounded Army. keep up the good work.
structive. It is also an example and dead. The MDWEC didn’t I can honestly say that I CPL John Allison
of our most cherished freedom build shores for other rescuers, have never read an issue I didn’t Kandahar, Afghanistan
— the freedom of speech, which we are the rescuers! enjoy and learn something as
is really the freedom to be our- The company is the only well. Thanks for the kind words.
selves. urban search and rescue Keep up the great work! We’ve put the subscription in-
“We Were Soldiers” is an (US&R) unit in the Army. Dur- LTC John Karaus formation in the mail to you,
outstanding tribute to those who ing the initial operations at the via e-mail along with several back issues.
fought and died in Vietnam. I do Pentagon there were four
not see how you “failed to up- US&R teams from the Federal Soldiers is for soldiers and DA civilians. We invite readers’ views. Stay under 150
words — a post card will do — and include your name, rank and address. We’ll
hold the Army Core Values” in Emergency Management withhold your name if you desire and may condense your views because of space.
the article. If anything, your ar- We can’t publish or answer every one, but we’ll use representative views. Write to:
Agency; MDWEC was the fifth Feedback, Soldiers, 9325 Gunston Road, Ste. S108, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-
ticle showed integrity (one of US&R team. 5581, or e-mail:

May 2002 3
Kandahar’s Supply Hub Story and Photos by SSG Alberto Betancourt

Kandahar’s Supply Hub

S Kandahar’s clear skies slowly transformed into

a kaleidoscope of orange, yellow and purple,
SPC Gerald Gorman knew it was ...
“show time!”
4 Soldiers May 2002 5
ute the supplies among the different
units inside the compound.
“I could have He said at times the mission is
challenging because of the difficulties
twice as many of getting the supplies into the country.
Yet, the great working relationship his
forklifts and still soldiers have with the division’s 3rd
Brigade Combat Team keeps the
mission flowing.
not have “We’re an integral part of the 3rd
BCT,” he said. “We train with them in
enough,” said garrison, in the field and when we’re
LTC Thomas Pirozzi said his soldiers were well
trained to support Operation Enduring
Pirozzi, com- Freedom’s mission in Afghanistan.
At Fort Campbell, his battalion
mander of the spends six weeks supporting the
installation and 12 weeks preparing for
626th FSB. deployment. The cycle ends with
another intensified six weeks of
“My soldiers do this all the time,”
he said. “Our tactical mission is not
much different from our garrison
mission — the locations just change.” The constant flow of supplies into Kandahar keeps the 101st soldiers busy 24 hours a day.
Besides unloading planes and
(Above) Local Afghans distributing food, barrier material,
help 101st Abn. Div. Osmosis Water Purification Units are
soldiers erect tents on medications and ammunition to the
the grounds of units, the 626th is also responsible for used in a three-step process to purify
Kandahar Airport. purifying water. water drawn from local wells.
“It’s one thing to produce, purify “The water comes out cleaner than
(Left) SSG Noveless and store the water,” Pirozzi said. “The bottled water,” Franklin said. “We’ve
Wimberly ground-guides real challenge is getting the water to already purified more than 75,000
PFC Moedjirah Vande-
lisle, whose forklift the soldiers’ canteens.” gallons.”
bears supplies to be PV2 Damien Franklin, a water- Supporting the 626th’s extensive
distributed to the purification specialist with the 801st logistical mission are Task Force
soldiers of the 101st. Main Support Bn. at Fort Campbell, is Rakkasans soldiers from Headquarters
attached to the 626th in Afghanistan. and HQs. Company, 2nd Bn., 187th
“However, we earn our He is one of the four soldiers respon- Infantry.
real money at night.” sible for the water-purification mission. “We are the liaison between line
The 10,000-pound He said two 600-gallon Reverse soldiers and the support battalion,”
Atlas forklift Gorman said SSG Irving Williams, HHC’s
drives is a vital com- support-platoon sergeant. “We know
modity for the support what our infantrymen need and we
team. make sure they get it. When they see
“I could have twice our soldiers approaching their bunkers,

S Kandahar’s clear skies slowly as many forklifts and still not have they smile because they know we have
transformed into a kaleidoscope enough,” said LTC Thomas Pirozzi, what they need.”
of orange, yellow and purple, commander of the 626th FSB. “This Williams said that because the
Kandahar’s Supply Hub

SPC Gerald Gorman knew it piece of equipment is integral in defensive operation in Afghanistan is SSG Irving Williams, platoon sergeant for HHC’s support platoon, greets local Afghans
who will help him download supplies. Some locals are permitted to work inside the
was “show time.” getting as many supplies as possible on huge, an equally large amount of Task Force Rakkasans’ compound.
Gorman, a forklift operator with the ground to complete the mission.” lumber and wire was needed.
the 101st Airborne Division’s 626th Besides keeping the airport’s CPT Daniel Carrera, HHC’s
Forward Support Battalion from Fort runway clear while unloading supplies commander, said his philosophy is to nity to accompany his soldiers on this evening sky, Gorman stacked another
Campbell, Ky., is one of the many from incoming Air Mobility Command have the battalion’s soldiers perform mission. pallet of supplies. As darkness formed
soldiers in Afghanistan who offloads C-17s, Pirozzi’s soldiers must distrib- their mission “without worrying about “I’ve been their commander for a blanket over Kandahar, the stockpile
supplies from the cargo planes that supplies.” almost two years,” he said. “I wanted grew.
arrive in a steady stream once the sun Carrera, who was scheduled to to be with them during this important “When the sun comes out we’ll
CPT Daniel Carrera, commander of HHC,
goes down. 2nd Bn., 187th Inf., was scheduled to relinquish command of the unit two mission. I’m very proud and grateful I clear this up,” said Gorman. “And
“We work 24 hours a day — four give up command two weeks before weeks prior to its deployment to got the chance.” tomorrow evening we’ll pack it up
hours on and four hours off,” he said. his troops deployed to Afghanistan. Afghanistan, pleaded for the opportu- Meanwhile, silhouetted against the again.”

6 Soldiers May 2002 7

Clears Story and Photos By
SSG Alberto Betancourt

Land Mines
Officials estimate that more than 10 million mines
are scattered throughout Afghanistan. Clearing them Giant dust clouds surround the Nor-
weigan demining team’s flail as it digs
deep into the earth, clearing land mines
from areas in which coalition forces operate is a vital within the perimeter of Afghanistan’s
Kandahar International Airport.

— and potentially deadly — mission. UST clouds reached high into
the sky as large metal spikes
rotating from the mine- mines have not affected the airflow
clearing flail dug deeper into into the airport. But with so many
the orange dirt outside people on the ground, we have to
Afghanistan’s Kandahar International continuously clear out new ground to
Airport. expand the area.”
According to the United Nations’ Enger said his team works on foot,
Mine Action Program for Afghanistan, using poles and metal detectors to find
landmines and unexploded ordnance the mines. Once they identify a
contaminate some 724 million square contaminated area, they send in the Norwegian Cpl. Dan Gspedal watches as
meters of land. Officials estimate that flail. SSG Troy Winders of Co. C, 326th Engr. Bn.,

Soldiers clear mines in Kandahar

“This hard and dry terrain is a up into the air. prepares to ground-guide a bulldozer opera-
more than 10 million mines are tor.
scattered throughout the country. One challenge for us,” he said. “The barbed “This is a dangerous job,” said
of the most heavily mined provinces is wire and craters around the area also Enger. “But we follow all the neces- ground to lay protective fence around
Kandahar. create challenges. We must plan our sary safety procedures.” the perimeter.
Since January, Norway’s demining missions very carefully.” Two 101st Abn. Div. engineer “We’re continuously expanding the
team has been clearing mines inside He said it’s safe working inside the platoons have been working with the perimeter of the airfield,” he said.
the Kandahar airport’s perimeter, flail. When the machine detonates anti- Norwegians. “The fence is the last stop for any
occupied now by elements of the 101st personnel mines, the operator doesn’t SSG Troy Winders of Company C, intruder.”
Airborne Division from Fort Campbell, feel them or see them because of all the 326th Engineer Battalion, said the Winders said they work from
Ky. dust the machine kicks up. When an Norwegians cut a safe path with their sunrise to sunset and, because of the
“So far we’ve found hundreds of anti-tank mine detonates, the operator mine flail. The American engineers mine threat, never work at night.
mines inside the airfield,” said Norwe- feels it slightly and sees flames shoot follow with a bulldozer, flattening the “This is a great learning experience
gian Maj. Prygve Enger, commander of for us,” said Winders. “I think the
the 16-man demining team. “The Norwegian team is also learning a bit
Two 101st Abn. Div. engineer platoons from us. The bottom line is we’re
Blue-painted rocks mark a mine field near making things safe for our soldiers.
Kandahar’s International Airport. have been working with the Norwegians. That’s our ultimate goal.”

8 Soldiers May 2002 9

Briefings Compiled by SFC Lisa Beth Snyder

Master Sgt. Keith Reed, USAF

SPC David Marck Jr.
and the War
on Terrorism

s AT press time approximately 28,000 Army Na-

tional Guard and Army Reserve soldiers had been
called to active duty and continued to provide secu-
rity at airports and other facilities around the country.

s Pentagon officials honored 39 employees of the

Pentagon’s Real Estate and Facilities Directorate
with the Medal of Valor for their actions on Sept. 11.

s The Pentagon Victim’s Fund, administered by

Army Emergency Relief, has received $4.4 million.
COL Frank Wiercinski, commander of Task Force Rakkasans

PFC George Allen

As of Feb. 25, AER is no longer accepting donations. Soldiers at Kandahar Airport hurry to load ammunition onto a waiting
in Afghanistan, administers the oath of re-enlistment to SSG CH-47 Chinook helicopter, which then took off to deliver the cargo to
Stanley Richardson, SPC Armando L. Acevedo Jr., SPC Adran troops fighting near Gardez.
s On Feb. 13 a soldier died after a heavy piece of M. Hollar and SSG Scott M. Weaver.
equipment fell on him at Bagram Air Base, Afghani-

SPC David Marck Jr.

PFC Jeremy Guthrie

s On March 2 a special forces soldier died during the

early hours of Operation Anaconda.

s On March 4 seven U.S. military personnel — four

of them soldiers — died in two helicopter incidents in
Afghanistan. The soldiers were killed in a firefight
with Al Qaeda and Taliban forces soon after their
MH-47 Chinook landed.

s Since March 1 more than 2,000 U.S., Afghan and Bill Hullender, AAFES manager,
coalition troops have been working to destroy a sets up soft drinks and snacks in
During his visit to Afghanistan, Gen. Richard Myers, preparation for Afghanistan’s
pocket of Taliban and Al Qaeda forces operating newest post exchange, at
chairman of the joint chiefs of staff, took time to talk to 10th Mtn. Div. soldiers participating in Operation Anaconda
near the Afghan town of Gardez. 10th Mountain Division soldiers at Bagram. Kandahar International Airport.
prepare to dig into fighting positions after a day of reacting to
enemy fire.

Homeland Security Advisory System

P RESIDENT George W. Bush created the
Homeland Security Advisory System so fed-
eral, state and local authorities, law-enforcement
Low Risk Guarded Risk Elevated Risk High Risk Severe Risk
Refine and Check communications Increase surveillance Coordinate military and Mobilize emergency and
agents and the American people know of and can exercise protec- with emergency response of critical locations. law-enforcement security security groups.
respond to terrorist threats as quickly as possible. tive measures. and command locations. Coordinate emergency efforts. Monitor and possibly redirect
Officials will use a color-coded system — condi- Assess vulnerabilities and Review and update emergency plans among all jurisdictions. Prepare to move or disperse workforce. or constrain public transportation.
tions green, blue, yellow, orange and red — to take steps to reduce them. response procedures and provide the Implement contingency- and Restrict access to essential personnel. Increase or redirect personnel to address
identify the level of terrorist threat. public with necessary information. emergency-response plans. Implement precautions at public events. critical emergency needs.
Close public facilities.

10 Soldiers May 2002 11

tions before leaving the coun- signed to cover long-term care,

Joan Marcus
most recent revision, the de- and retirees. is scheduled through May 15, pants through historic areas of
ployment-stabilization policy try. The insurance program is followed by an open-enrollment officials said. They also em- the nation’s capital, past such
only affected soldiers who had Expanding of HAAP to se- designed to cover expenses as- season beginning July 1. Appli- phasized the government pays landmarks as the Lincoln Me-
participated in operations- lected specialists and corpo- sociated with long-term medi- cants may be required to an- no part of the premiums or ben- morial and the Washington
other-than-war deployments for rals will not apply to soldiers cal care in a nursing home or swer health-related questions, efits. — American Forces Press Monument.
at least 30 consecutive days. currently in Korea or those the patient’s home. Federal em- provide medical records or be Service To register online visit the
Personnel officials said the placed on assignment instruc- ployees will be able to purchase interviewed personally to be eli- official race website at
stabilization program — which tions before March 1, officials the insurance for themselves gible for the insurance. The
applies to both officers and en- said. or their families, including par- Rates will vary based on For more registration fee is $25 per run-
listed personnel — was ex- For more information go to ents. Federal retirees are en- the amount of coverage se- information visit ner, and includes a long-sleeve
panded to allow soldiers time titled to enroll only themselves lected, the type of inflation pro- runner’s shirt, a post-race
to reacquaint themselves with milpermsgs.nsf/WebFrame and their spouses in the pro- tection chosen and the current breakfast buffet, entry into the
families and readjust to their set?OpenFrameSet. — Army gram, according to information age of the person being cov- post-race party and other
new home stations. It also re- News Service on the program’s Internet ered. amenities. The runners’ field is
wards soldiers for arduous pe- homepage, Medicare, TRICARE and Washington, D.C. limited to 18,000 contestants.
riods of duty in which they were Washington, D.C. sure/ltc. the Federal Employees Health All mail-in registrations
separated from family mem- An early enrollment period Benefits Program are not de- Army Ten-Miler must be postmarked by Aug.
bers, officials said. Military, Civilian Long- Registration Begins 30, and the deadline for online
The HAAP expanded
March 1 to specialists and cor-
Term Care Insurance Web News ARMY officials are accepting
race entry is 5 p.m. Eastern
Standard Time on Sept. 20.
porals who have re-enlisted at THE Office of Personnel Man- registrations for America’s larg- Registration will close when the
least once. HAAP participants
can return to their previous duty
agement has contracted with
John Hancock and MetLife in-
“Soldiers Forum” to Give Troops Voice on Web est 10-mile race, the Army Ten-
Miler, scheduled to begin at 8
18,000-runner cap is reached
or on the respective registra-
stations after completing an surance companies to provide SOLDIERS worldwide may submit stories, commentaries a.m. on Sunday, Oct. 20, in tion deadline dates. There will
unaccompanied tour or getting a long-term medical care ben- and other articles to the Army News Service under a new Washington. be no late registration. — Mili-
The National Symphony Orchestra will be among the attractions orders to their follow-on sta- efit for all federal employees program called “Soldiers Forum.” The Army’s premiere run- tary District of Washington Pub-
at the National Memorial Day Concert. The best of the articles will be posted on the “ArmyLINK ning event, it will take partici- lic Affairs Office
News” Web page at the end of each week and sent to Army
Washington, D.C. fellow World War II veteran and Recruiting Update newspaper editors at installations and commands worldwide
actor Charles Durning, plus for their use as commentaries.
National Memorial Day color guards and the National Army Contracts Recruiting The purpose of the program is to “give soldiers a voice on
Concert Set Symphony Orchestra. —
Devillier Communications MILITARY veterans began suiting up in civilian attire to
ArmyLINK,” said COL Stephen Campbell, chief of the Army’s
Command Information Division at the Pentagon.
ARMED Forces Radio and recruit for the Army this spring. If soldiers cite problems, suggested solutions should be
Television Service and Public The civilians are recruiting for the active Army and included in the commentaries.
Broadcasting Service stations Washington, D.C. reserve component in Jackson, Miss.; Oklahoma City, Campbell said the letters “can’t just be ‘peaches and
will air the National Memorial Okla.; Dayton, Ohio; throughout eastern Delaware; cream.’” The forum should be more than just an outlet for
Day Concert May 26 at 8 p.m., New Incentives Set For Tacoma, Wash.; Harrisburg, Pa.; Wilmington, N.C.; Salt laudatory comments, and should provide insightful discourse
Eastern Standard Time.
The concert, live from the
Unaccompanied Tours Lake City, Utah; and Granite City and Homewood, Ill.
Two companies — Military Professional Resources
on subjects of interest to the entire Army.
He said the forum should include reflections and recom-
U.S. Capitol, will honor the vic- TWO programs have been re- Inc. and Resource Consultants Inc. — have been recruit- mendations regarding everyday Army life, including duty in
tims and heroes of Sept. 11 vised to help soldiers returning ing for the Army’s reserve component since 1999. They’re places like Afghanistan.
and mark the 60th anniversary from Korea and other unaccom- currently looking for additional recruiters who have been Observations about Family Team Building programs, the
of the Bataan Death March. panied tour locations. honorably discharged from the Army. NCO Education System or Common Task Training are just a
The event will be hosted by The Deployment Stabiliza- Besides undergoing initial training — which will in- few examples of relevant topics.
World War II veteran and actor tion policy and the Homebase clude such topics as enlistment eligibility, current enlist- More controversial topics affecting soldiers and their
Ossie Davis and will feature and Advanced Assignment Pro- ment incentives and U.S. Army Recruiting Command families that might also be discussed include drug abuse,
gram, known as HAAP, have policies and procedures — recruiters will receive addi- domestic violence, street gangs, suicide prevention, reten-
For more been expanded, the Army G1 tional training as necessary, Hunter said. They will also tion, single-parent soldiering, operational tempo and person-
information, recently announced. receive annual refresher training to stay abreast of Army nel tempo.
visit After completing a tour in and USAREC policies, he added. Letters and articles of interest should be sent to the Office
Korea or other dependent-re- Government contracts were awarded to the compa- of the Chief of Public Affairs, ATTN: SAPA-CI (Soldiers stricted area, soldiers will be nies in accordance with the 2001 National Defense Autho- Forum), Rm. 2B720, 1500 Army Pentagon, Washington,
/memorialdayconcert exempt from operational de-
ployments for six months at their
rization Act, said Douglas Smith, the public affairs officer
for U.S. Army Recruiting Command. — ARNEWS
D.C. 20310-1500, or e-mailed to —
ARNEWS The field of contestants at the Army Ten-Miler will be limited to
new duty stations. Before the 18,000 — and registration is first come, first served.

12 Soldiers May 2002 13

Than a
Story by Beth Reece
Photos by Paul Disney

UUNIT patches are like family photographs.

“Shoulder-sleeve insignia, or SSI, give

soldiers something to connect to, a symbol of the

years they spend in their units. Just the sight of

SSI inspires pride,” said Pamela Reece, of the

Technical and Production Division of The

Institute of Heraldry (TIOH) at Fort Belvoir, Va.

SSI have graced soldiers’ right shoulders

since the 81st Infantry Division adopted the
wildcat patch in 1917. The insignia grew so
Zahoor Ahmed, owner of Rainbow popular during World War I that heraldic pro-
Embroidery, mends a broken thread on grams were created to set design standards and
one of the multihead sewing machines policy for wear. Today, TIOH maintains specifi-
used to produce the beret flash. cations for more than 800 SSI.

14 Soldiers May 2002 15

Though units sometimes offer
drafts of the patches they envision,
TIOH prefers they don’t. “Their
suggestions tend to be a little simplistic overseas manufacturers who offer
and busy,” said Stanley Haas, chief of cheaper products in less time.
TIOH’s Technical and Production “This is a very serious, highly
“When we create a new patch, our Division. “Just because you can draw skilled art that requires creativity
goal isn’t to represent unit history or something doesn’t mean we can and technical know-how,” he said.
individual personalities. Instead, we manufacture it,” he tells customers.
offer a symbol that will have lasting
value,” Reece said.
Universal images with timeless
Patches must be visually clean yet
tell a whole story. “We have to think
simple and boil it down to the very
To the Soldier
appeal are used to illustrate units’ essence of what the unit does. It’s a lot While cartoons are finalized, TIOH
branches. The patch of a signal unit, harder than using all the elements of a alerts the Soldiers Systems Directorate
for example, would likely include a unit’s makeup,” Leclerc added. and the Army and Air Force Exchange
globe and a lightning flash. Final designs define exact sizes and Service that a new item is soon to be
shapes, as well as background and released. This speeds procurement Military

foreground colors. Computers have because quota requirements can be patches are em-
simplified the process, but illustrators researched and ready by the time broidered one color and one layer at a
still rely on their artistic abilities to TIOH provides a final technical data time. Manufacturers use small, tight
Invention of new unit insignia lend meaning and balance to patches. package to the Defense Supply Center- stitches to ensure the patch withstands
time and repeated washings.
begins with a request to the Heraldic Philadelphia, which contracts out for
Services and Support Division.
Authorization is outlined in AR 670-1,
“Wear and Appearance of Army
Creation mass production of military items.
Units can also seek local procure-
ment of patches if the manufacturer
their patches onto jackets or baseball
caps. World War I and II patches are
Uniforms and Insignia,” but generally, From TIOH’s computerized has been certified through TIOH. regarded today as collectibles — some
units with more than 500 soldiers are drawings, contractors such as Rainbow Haas said almost all military so rare they carry four-digit price tags.
authorized their own SSI. Embroidery in North Plainfield, N.J., insignia are mass produced on Schiffli “People who never served in the
Illustrators in the Creative Heraldry turn visions into reality. They create a machines, which are so accurate some military are interested in our patches,”
Division sketch designs for the unit’s preparatory design known in the versions can stitch in 120 positions per Reece said. “Every time I see the 25th
approval. Though designs are fine- industry as a “cartoon” — a pattern six inch. “The machines are amazing. It’s Infantry Division patch, I think of my
tuned on computers, Sarah Leclerc times the patch’s actual size — which not unusual to go into a manufacturer Dad, who served with the 25th in
begins with doodles. specifies the numbers and directions of and see one that was built in 1902 but Vietnam. They’re more than just a
“Designs come from my own stitches needed to create a multidimen- is still cranking away,” he said. uniform decoration — they remind us
feelings and background, along with sional effect. Creating a new SSI normally takes of people and memories.”
the guidelines for how a patch should Cartoons are then computerized so about three months from conception to
be,” Leclerc said. “Most of the time patterns can be read by stitching production. This record was broken
it’s like pulling a rabbit out of a hat.” machines, and swatches are made for last year when the Army transitioned
TIOH’s approval. “We look for to black berets.
quality, for clean stitching, whether the Under a very short Pentagon-
patch is too bulky, and whether the mandated deadline, Rainbow Embroi-
background shows through the stitch- dery completed the beret’s blue flash
ing,” said Rainbow’s owner, Zahoor in three days. “I wanted to help give
Ahmed. the Army the finest flash so soldiers
Patches are limited to 99 standard- could wear it with pride,” Ahmed said,
ized colors. Because quality is nonne- boasting a thank-you letter from SMA
gotiable, Reece said, the number of Jack L. Tilley.
stitches used to embroider military Unit patches seem to possess an
patches is higher than most manufac- allure that needs little underscore from
turers ordinarily use. designers or manufacturers. Some
“We use about five stitches to soldiers keep them long after departing
every one commercial stitch. Other- their units, and many veterans sew
wise, our patches wouldn’t wash well
and would wear out so fast that When the Army needed a flash for the
soldiers would need about four patches black beret last year, Rainbow Em-
broidery’s Zahoor Ahmed created com-
Designer Edith Tumaneg creates pat- while assigned to a unit instead of just puterized patterns of the blue, star-
terns six times the patch’s original size one,” she said. trimmed flash in just three days.
to specify the number and direction of Ahmed, who has worked with
stitches. TIOH for almost 25 years, claimed that
Digitizer James Bewighouse computerizes the
patch’s patterns so they can be read by the stitch- quality embroidery is a fading com-
ing machines. modity in America, with the rise of

16 Soldiers May 2002 17

Photos courtesy the National Archives unless otherwise noted.
Last summer’s departure of the remaining American
soldiers in Bad Kreuznach, Germany, brought to an
end five decades of mutual friendship.

Story by Heike Hasenauer

Memories W
HEN the 1st Armored Division’s
headquarters moved last summer from
Bad Kreuznach, Germany, to
Wiesbaden, 36 miles away, it culmi-
nated the phased departure of the
division and marked the end of a 50-year U.S.
Army presence in the spa community of about
In April 1945 40,000 German citizens.
German women For the Americans who lived and worked

of of
bring food to some at Rose Barracks, Marshall Kaserne and
of the thousands of
German POWs held Hospital Kaserne, the move meant leaving
by the 8th Inf. Div. behind close friends and favorite places, accord-
near Bad Kreuz- ing to several long-time residents of the area,
among them 85-year-old Beate Streicher.
The first contact Streicher had with U.S.
Heike Hasenauer

A 2nd Armored Division soldier helps out soldiers was when the 2nd Armd. Div. marched
during a Thanksgiving celebration given into Bad Kreuznach while the city was occupied
in Bad Kreuznach for German civilians.
by the French, following World War II. With a
background in French and English, which she
studied at the University of Geneva, Switzerland,

in 1939, she had worked as an interpreter for the
French governor of the city for seven years.
When the Americans came to “BK,” as they
fondly referred to the city, she became the
liaison between the French and Americans. And
when the French left in 1951, she applied for a
position as a German-language teacher at the
American’s elementary school.
“The kids said at that time, ‘We don’t
need German. We don’t want to learn from
Nazis,’” said Streicher, whose husband, a
German soldier in the war, was listed as
missing in action and was never found.
(Above) Soldiers and tanks of the 2nd But despite the initial animosity of her
Armd. Div. roll through Ahlen, Germany,
Bad Kreuznach, Germany on April 2, 1945. students, she managed to teach a half-
dozen classes daily, without books.
“After one year of teaching, I
couldn’t believe what happened,”
Streicher said. “At Christmastime, I
received many presents. Gradually,
(Right) U.S. soldiers take in the sights dur- the Americans realized we were not
Beate Streicher, at her home in Bad Kreuznach, has ing a visit to Bad Kreuznach in April 1954. all Nazis.”
many fond memories of the Army and of the many A broader friendship between
soldiers she knew and worked with over the years. the Germans and Americans,

18 Soldiers May 2002 19

detention center in Idar-Oberstein. and playgrounds once alive with
After Germany capitulated, on activity at BK, are devoid of U.S.
“U.S. soldiers were part of the community, and we were like a May 10, 1945, many German POWs soldiers and families, “but the U.S.
arrived in Bad Kreuznach from the Army’s presence will never be forgot-
close-knit family,” said Borris. “It’s terrible for me that the front lines, Walter said. ten,” Streicher said.
There was a detention center for MAJ Thomas Shrader, a project
Americans have left. I feel a great loss.” German POWs near the former 1st officer on the division staff during the
Armd. Div.’s headquarters, Walter transition from BK to Wiesbaden, said
said. Later, another larger center was the Germans erected a monument at
established between Bad Kreuznach the city courthouse, paid for by
however, grew only gradually, over in BK; military exercises were and Bretzenheim. donations from the German people. It
about five years, Streicher said. For the conducted at Kuhberg, an area On July 10, 1945, when Germany lists the three U.S. Army units once
Germans who lived in the city that had that became a training site, and was divided into U.S., British, Russian stationed in the
been heavily bombed and where dozens U.S. helicopters often flew over The 7th Army commander inspects the and French zones, Bad Kreuznach was city — the 1st
of people died, time was critical in the town, Streicher said. 2nd Armd. Div. honor guard at Bad in the French Zone, so the Americans Armd. Div., 2nd
healing the wounds of war. U.S. soldiers were forbidden Kreuznach in August 1952. left and the French occupied the city Armd. Div. and
Other changes to life as they knew to socialize and shop in the until mid-1951. 8th Infantry Div.
it required additional adjustments. community until the mid-1960s, German civilians return to their homes as
lines at Westfeld and the Eifel. When the Americans returned in “The city
U.S. soldiers initially moved into said Streicher, so the Germans and U.S. troops push further into Germany in They were on one side of the 1951, kasernes were quickly built and sponsored two
town requisitioning homes, apartments, Americans initially had little knowl- March 1945. Mosel River, the Germans on the other hundreds of soldiers and their families days of festivi-
hotels and businesses. The Kurhaus, a edge or understanding of each other. side, waiting, Walter said. Then the began arriving. One-fifth of the city ties to honor the
landmark facility used for cultural After five years’ teaching, the newspapers to publicize the good Americans advanced from the Mosel was composed of Americans. Americans when
events and celebrations, became the Streicher began working as the 8th Inf. things U.S. soldiers were doing in to the Nahe River, near Bad “They were self-sufficient; they they left,” said
U.S. Officer’s Club, Streicher said. Div. community-relations officer, BK,” said Streicher, who in 1977 left Kreuznach. brought their own food and built Christel Borris,
“At first, the Americans controlled which gave her a first-hand look at her community-relations position to “I saw the first American tanks everything they needed, from hospitals who was the
the heat in our homes, too,” she said. approaching Bad Kreuznach at 11 a.m. and schools to stores and movie

Karl Weisel
how the Army operates. As the teach Gateway and Headstart courses divisions’ deputy
“They didn’t want us to have a part of commanding general’s interpreter, she in the American community. It was a on March 16, 1945,” said Walter, who theaters,” Walter said. public affairs
their heating system, because the U.S. accompanied him on maneuvers, job she held until 1987. was a lieutenant in a German rocket- The U.S. Army put its stamp on officer from
Army paid for it.” bouncing around training areas in a “I have stacks of letters from artillery unit that had fought at Bad Kreuznach, said Walter. “The 1973 to 1998, A memorial in Bad Kreuznach
Adding to the early tensions jeep and traveling by helicopter to soldiers,” Streicher said. “They wrote Normandy and in the Ardennes before friendships Americans and Germans when hundreds commemorates the Army’s
between former enemies was the civic functions throughout Germany. things like: ‘We love Germany now passing through Bad Kreuznach while shared will live in our hearts for many of 8th Inf. Div. 50-year presence in the city.
Germans’ seemingly hopeless struggle It was largely through her that both that we know you,’ and ‘Thank you retreating from the American advance. years to come.” and 1st Armd.
early on to rebuild their shattered sides inched closer to understanding for allowing us to share your culture.’ There weren’t many tanks, and Div. soldiers were stationed in BK.
economy. Local citizens hesitated to and friendship. “When my mother died, the they just sat at a crossing and waited, Europe’s military considerations
invest in industry of any kind for fear
no one besides U.S.
“The local people were so im- general’s wife sent food for my Walter said. Then they went around
Bad Kreuznach from both sides.
b The City Pays Tribute were much different during the “Cold
pressed that my picture often appeared family,” she said. “Americans do that War,” she said. Thousands of soldiers
soldiers wanted in the newspaper with the Americans,” sort of thing.” “For two days, nothing happened,” Today, the barracks, housing areas were strategically located to protect
to live Streicher said, “that more German As many as 6,000 soldiers were Walter said. “The Germany from an
women wanted to learn about the stationed in Bad Kreuznach at that German soldiers invasion across its

Karl Weisel
Americans. They helped form the time, Streicher said. “It was a golden had all left the borders.
German-American Women’s Club. time, when a dollar could be ex- city on March 16, “U.S. soldiers
And, gradually, the Americans changed for four Deutsch marks. You after planting were part of the
constructed sports fields and helped can’t imagine how many Mercedes explosives on all community, and we
rebuild in other ways. and Porsches were here,” she said. the bridges and were like a close-knit
“In turn, we notified blowing them family,” said Borris.
up.” On March “It’s terrible for me
b A Historian Remembers 18, the Ameri-
cans marched
that the Americans
have left. I feel a great
Richard Walter is a historian into the city loss.”
and reporter for the Rhein Zeitung unimpeded. Borris chose not to
in Bad Kreuznach, where he’s In the weeks continue working for
lived since 1957. that followed, a the division at its new
(Above) Tankers of the 2nd
Armd. Div. take a break dur-
During the Ardennes Offensive, small contingent location. “It would
ing 1952 field maneuvers in December 1944, German troops of U.S. soldiers make me too sad,” she
near Bad Kreuznach. tried unsuccessfully to push the searched for said. “It’s easier for
Americans back from Germany’s Nazis throughout me to draw the line
(Right) German children
made friends with the
borders in Belgium and Luxembourg, the area, Walter here.”
Americans early on. he said. U.S. troops continued to said. Suspects The casing of the 410th Base Support Battalion’s colors on Dec. 14, 2000, was
advance, breaking through the German were taken to a another act in the phased departure of American troops from Bad Kreuznach.

20 Soldiers May 2002 21

Helping the
similar fear of the unknown — allows Elvira Ortiz, wife of SSG
them to draw strength and comfort Inocencio Ortiz, cradles the
couple’s newborn son. He was
from one another at a time when premature and weighed 3
they’re far from home and away from pounds, 4 ounces at birth.
family and loved ones, Blunt said.
Together, program participants can Buddy Program. It’s their
go on day trips and attend classes on job to assign or become a
parenting and breast-feeding, among buddy to a Stork Nester.
other activities. Within a week of their Arroyo was Air Force
arrival, Blunt coordinates their OB- Staff Sgt. LeAnn Stetson’s
GYN appointments and arranges a tour buddy for a while. “This is
of LRMC’s obstetrics facilities. my first pregnancy,” said
Story and Photos by Heike Hasenauer Additionally, the American Red
Cross provides Stork Nesters with
Stetson, who’s stationed in
Incirlik, Turkey. “And I
access to computers, makes necessary don’t know what to
arrangements for contacting loved ones expect. It’s nice to not

HOUGH the baby-toting stork Landstuhl Regional Medical Center in at 3 pounds, 4 ounces at birth, re- in an emergency, and provides a have to sit alone in a
is a popular image, the realities Landstuhl, Germany. mained in the facility for several weeks “buddy” who will be available to run room waiting for some-
of childbirth are somewhat Expectant mothers from Germany, until his doctor was certain he was occasional errands or go along on thing to happen.
more complicated. And for Italy, Spain, Great Britain and Turkey strong enough to go home. During that shopping trips for groceries, baby “The first day I met
expectant mothers in Europe have traveled to LRMC for specialized time he received round-the-clock care. clothes and toys. Amber, she took me to
who are authorized to use U.S. govern- medical care since Oct. 1, 1998, after Through the Stork Nest program, Red Cross volunteers SPC Noraliz Kaiserslautern’s 800-
ment facilities overseas, having a baby other overseas U.S. medical facilities at-risk mothers-to-be arrive in Maysonet-Candelarie, a dental assis- year-anniversary festival.
requires even more forethought than closed, said hospital spokeswoman Landstuhl, typically in their 28th to tant with the 464th Medical Company Then we went shopping,” said Stetson, expenses. Rental cars
mapping out the route to the hospital, Marie Shaw. All prospective mothers 31st weeks of pregnancy, said MAJ in Landstuhl, and SGT Amber Arroyo, who had been a Stork Nester for more are not included.
knowing who to call when the contrac- who experience complicated pregnan- Clunie Johnson, neo-natal ICU head a lab technician with LRMC’s Com- than 30 days. “She’s also invited me to Billeting costs $18.50 per night,
tions start and packing a suitcase for cies must deliver their babies at the nurse. Some women come into the pany C, are co-chairs of the Stork Nest her home.” with an additional $8 fee for spouses.
the hospital stay. Landstuhl facility. program much earlier. When the While in Landstuhl, the Stork In-hospital costs are $10.20 per day for
Those who want to deliver their For prospective moms in the latter prospective mothers arrive is deter- Nesters receive their mail, addressed civilians and dependents; $10.20 for
babies at an American military hospital category, “stork” is closely associated mined by their physicians. to “Attention: Stork Nest Program,” infants, and $8 for active-duty person-
in Europe have only one option: with a program that is relatively new in “Some babies are born as young as and they’re eligible to use all military nel, Blunt said.
Europe, the Stork Nest Program. 23 weeks,” said Johnson, as she support services, including dining Typically, spouses and significant
Besides employing some of the monitored premature twins that both facility, post exchange, shoppette and others from outside Germany arrive in
most highly qualified doctors and weighed about two pounds. USO. Landstuhl about a week before the
nurses in the military, LRMC Some babies must be placed on The program does have its draw- expected delivery date, to share the
boasts a special neo-natal inten- ventilators because they can’t breathe backs, Blunt said. Besides family momentous occasion.
sive-care unit for premature babies, on their own. Others are placed in separation, costs can initially be a After the birth, program personnel
said MAJ Ann Marie Blunt, Stork incubators until their vital organs have burden if program participants don’t coordinate with appropriate agencies to
Nest Program coordinator. had a chance to develop a little more, plan ahead. Stork Nesters are asked to register the child’s birth and complete
Elvira Ortiz and her husband, they’ve gained weight and can better pay for everything up front and are requirements for the child to be
SSG Inocencio Ortiz of the 21st fend off potential illnesses, Johnson fully reimbursed for all “reasonable” included on the mother’s passport.
Theater Area Support Command, in said.
Kaiserslautern, Germany, can vouch Stork Nesters, as program partici-
for LRMC’s neo-natal care facilities. pants are called, live in transient billets
Their baby, Migdiel, who weighed in at LRMC until they give birth. Being
Neo-natal ICU care for premature babies among other women who are experi-
is just one service LRMC offers through encing initial loneliness — and, for
the Stork Nest Program. those pregnant with their first children, Prospective moms in Europe who would like more
information about having their babies at LRMC —
or those interested specifically in the Stork Nest
Program for at-risk pregnancies — may contact
Landstuhl Regional Medical Center’s Stork Red Cross volunteers SPC Noraliz May-
MAJ Ann Marie Blunt by calling (DSN) 486-7914,
commercial 06371-86-7914 (from within
sonet-Candelarie (left) and SGT Amber Ar-
Nest Program offers expectant mothers a royo (right) pose with mom-to-be Air Force
Germany) or commercial 0049-06371-86-7914
(from elsewhere within Europe).
Staff Sgt. LeAnn Stetson before leaving
broad range of specialized services. LRMC on a shopping trip.

22 Soldiers May 2002 23

SSG Andreas Simmons, an Army
instructor at the Louis F. Garland
Fire Academy, motions two stu-
dents to a better position from
which to attack the flames engulf-
ing a simulated UH-60 helicopter.

Story and Photos by Steve Harding
The academy
uses 46 class-
rooms, 58
vehicles and a
range of other
training aids
to produce
firefighters for all
of the U.S. mili-
tary services.

the state-of-the-art (Above) Block 4 students

prepare for a stint in the
school. school’s “3-2-1” trainer,
whose intricate piping
system can produce con-
A Joint Effort trolled flames at the flick
of a switch.
Located on its own
large compound at (Left) The state-of-the-art
Goodfellow Air Force academy produces about
Base, Texas, the 1,500 new military fire-
academy uses 46 fighters each year.
classrooms, 58 vehicles
and a range of other training aids to added MSG Buddy Glover, the the academy’s staff might be able to
produce firefighters for all of the U.S. facility’s senior Army instructor, share their knowledge.
military services. “whether you do it in the military or as “There’s a very strong awareness
“Firefighting crosses military a civilian. No one works alone, and that firefighters are critical to home-
Students in Block 4 attack a fire boundaries,” said Air Force Lt. Col. that teamwork is obvious here at the
in the kitchen of the academy’s land defense and installation prepared-
“3-2-1” trainer, a fireproof three-
Patrick J. Smith, commander of academy. Students have instructors ness,” Smith said. “And all of the
story building that also includes Goodfellow’s 312th Training Squad- from all four of the services, and all of services are dedicating a lot more
bedrooms and living areas. ron and the academy’s supervisor. the instructors teach the same material effort and a lot more money to
“Each service has common concerns from the same lesson plans.” ensuring they have the right resources
in terms of structural, vehicle and “The sort of integrated and com- and the right number of people to

aircraft fires, so firefighting is a prehensive training we offer here has respond to any possible situation.
FIREFIGHTER HE two young firefighters
weren’t doing well.
Encumbered by protective
Simmons calmly motioned them to a
better position, and within moments
perfect skill to be taught in a joint-
services academy.
become especially important since the
tragic events of Sept. 11,” Smith said,
We’re doing all we can to ensure that
our firefighters have the skills that will

they’d beaten the fire into submission. “By having soldiers, sailors, “because the terrorist attacks and their keep them from getting hurt and allow
gear and pummeled by waves Simmons and his fellow instructors airmen, marines and Coast Guard aftermath underscored the value of them to respond intelligently and
of searing heat from the at the Louis F. Garland Fire Academy members all go through here to- well-trained and well-equipped efficiently.”
burning Black Hawk, they know firsthand how daunting and gether,” he said, “we’re also able to emergency services within the Depart-
couldn’t seem to get their hose into the demanding firefighting can be, and make better use of our resources and ment of Defense. Since the attacks
right position to attack the flames
engulfing the helicopter. Just as they
they do all they can to pass on their
collective knowledge to the soldiers
ensure the same level of expertise
across all the services.”
we’ve been getting calls from military
and civilian organizations throughout
Learning the Skills
were about to retreat, SSG Andreas and other service members who attend “Firefighting is a team effort,” the nation asking about ways in which Though the Louis F. Garland Fire

26 Soldiers May 2002 27

Academy offers experienced
firefighters the chance to train in
such things as fire inspection and
advanced technical rescue, about
half of the 3,000 personnel who
went through the school in fiscal
year 2001 were there to pick up the
basic skills of the trade. These are
taught in the 66-day Apprentice
Course, which Glover called the
“foundation upon which all a
firefighter’s advanced skills are
This basic firefighter course is
Though not as physically imposing as
divided into seven blocks of some of the academy’s other students,
instruction — six that are common PFC Leah Brooks typifies the dedica-
to all students (listed below) and a tion and “heart” all firefighters need.
seventh, deployment-related block
for Air Force personnel only.
firefighter; they usually grow out of
the individual’s dedication to being a

T aken as a whole, Glover said,

the Apprentice Course is a
challenging and comprehen-
sive introduction to the range of
service member.”

Soldiers, Then
skills the new firefighters will need
in the field.
“The course is really well put
together,” Glover said, “and we In the case of the approximately
couldn’t ask for a better place to 175 active and reserve-component
train firefighters. So any problems Army personnel who attend the
that arise are usually not because of academy each year, dedication to
a student’s dedication to being a being service members means remem-
The camera’s flash
lights the interior of a
long, obstacle-packed
Six instruction blocks are trainer that students
normally negotiate in
common to all students. total darkness.

1 and 4
It’s in Block 4 that the fledgling
2 3 firefighters first confront fire, “the 5 6
The students’ first In Block 3 the students are beast,” by tackling it head-on in the From the 3-2-1 trainer the students Block 6, the final course of instruction for all but the Air Force
exposure to their new introduced to the physical side academy’s “3-2-1” trainer. This move back to the classroom for Block students in the apprentice course, covers airport firefighting and is
career field comes during of firefighting and the tools of fireproof, three-story building includes 5, which teaches them how to recog- perhaps the most intense instruction the students undergo.
the 12 academic days the trade: ladders, axes, ropes kitchens, bedrooms and living areas, nize and deal with the range of hazard- This block starts with three days of classroom work, after which
devoted to Blocks 1 and 2, and, of course, fire trucks. and is fitted with an intricate system of ous materials firefighters can encoun- students move to the outside training area to operate the specialized
during which instructors Practical exercises in the piping that can produce controlled ter. This block culminates with practi- vehicles used to fight aircraft fires. They also learn how to fight
cover such basics as academy’s sprawling outdoor flames at the flick of a switch. cal lessons in the specialized skills of fuel fires using foam, and how to extract crewmembers from
building codes, structure training area involve such In this block the students also learn “HAZMAT” firefighting, which are helicopters and fixed-wing aircraft. They put the new skills to the
types, alarm systems, fire things as learning how to the often exhausting art of laying and taught using another of the academy’s test fighting controlled fires set in highly realistic helicopter and
behavior, CPR, rescue evacuate people from smoke- retrieving hoses, a task that many of highly realistic outdoor simulators. fixed-wing aircraft simulators.
breathing and first aid. filled buildings, and how to them find to be the academy’s most
physically haul unconscious or physically challenging.
injured people to safety.

28 May 2002 29
both firefighters and soldiers, and we
mentor them in both areas.”
While the fire academy’s 19 Army
instructors are assigned to the Engineer
School at Fort Leonard Wood, Mo.,
they, like the academy’s Army stu-
dents, are attached to the Goodfellow-
based 344th Military Intelligence
Battalion for admin purposes. And it’s
in the battalion’s Company B that the
Army students get much of the
mentoring they need.
“The company has two very fine
drill sergeants, both of whom are MOS
51M firefighters, and they’re the ones
who handle the students outside the
class,” Glover said. “The drill ser-
geants get a lot of ‘face time’ with the
students, and they do much of the
mentoring in terms of the students’
soldier skills. They’re the ones who
deal with problem issues that the
instructors may not catch.”
“A lot of these students are young
and impressionable, so it’s up to us to
give them the right impression about
what the Army is and what the 51M
MOS is all about,” said SSG Angel
Espinoza, one of the drill sergeants.
“These students come straight from
BCT, and we tell them: ‘Look, this is
going to be hard, but you can do it.’” (Above) This blazing large-aircraft simu-
“Doing it” takes more than a little lator is one of several extremely realis-
effort, Espinoza said. tic training tools students encounter in
Block 6.
“Their days are long. We usually
wake them up at 0400 and we often (Right) In Block 6 students also learn to
don’t release them until 1700, because extract crewmembers from fixed-wing
there is Army-mandated training that aircraft and helicopters, including this
we have to accomplish after they’re retired but structurally intact CH-53.
done at the fire academy,” he said.
“This is a tough line of work and we’re
a small MOS. So the teamwork, self- through here that were 5’2” and 100
discipline and confidence we try to pounds and logically shouldn’t have
Block 3 students practice re-
moving an “unconscious casu-
teach them are important.” been able to handle the physical
alty” from the top of a building. Equally important, said instructor challenges. But because of their heart
SSG Thomas Wood, are dedication and determination, they overcame
and “heart.” those challenges. That’s the sort of
“The first thing you notice about determination we’re looking for.”
the students who come here is that they And it’s the kind of determination
“This is the best fire bering they are soldiers first.
“We make up a fairly small group
really want to be firefighters,” Wood
said. “And they need that dedication to
that PFC Leah Brooks, at about 5’1”
easily one of the academy’s less ox-
here at what we like to call ‘Fort be able to deal with all the challenges like students, said the academy
academy in the Goodfellow,’ since the only other they face. Not just the academic ones, helped her discover in herself. “Making it through this academy is
soldiers on the base attend the Air either. This is a physically challenging “Being a firefighter is something an accomplishment that every graduate
world, and if you want Force-run intelligence school,” Glover line of work, and you really have to I’ve always wanted to do,” she said. should be very proud of, and it prepares For more on the Louis F. Garland
Fire Academy and its programs,
said. “So helping these young people want to succeed.” “I’m not real big, though, so it’s been people to join a very special and very visit
to be a firefighter, this become outstanding soldiers is just as “Not all firefighters are 6’2”, 210 kind of hard for me. But I’ve learned honorable profession,” Glover said. ~trs312/newfire/index.htm.
important to us as helping them pounds and strong as an ox,” Glover a lot from the instructors and the drill “This is the best fire academy in the
is the place to come.” become outstanding firefighters.
They’re still young, in terms of being
added. “And that’s where the heart
comes in. We have seen soldiers come
sergeants, and I’ve learned a lot
about what I’m capable of doing.”
world, and if you want to be a
firefighter, this is the place to come.”

30 Soldiers May 2002 31

Focus on People Compiled by Heike Hasenauer
what can I say? I shot 18, and, of course, I always want
better. But it was great.
“I didn’t feel so great before the race today,” added
Teela, a member of the U.S. Army’s World Class Athlete
Program who is on active-duty status while participating
in that program. “But I’m sure glad that I raced.”
“I still can’t believe this,” said U.S. coach Algis
Salna, who won a gold medal in the biathlon relay race
for the Soviet Union in 1984. “Jeremy cleaning the final
two stages is incredible.”
Vermont Army Guard SGT Kristina Sabasteanski
finished 55th and Minnesota Army Guard SPC Kara
Salmela finished 59th in the women’s 15-kilometer
race, the day’s first event.
Sabasteanski, also an Army world-class athlete,
missed four targets and finished in 55 minutes, .9
second. Salmela missed eight targets and finished in
57:25.9. — MSG Bob Haskell, National Guard Bureau
Public Affairs Office

R ETIRED GEN Carl Stiner — the second general to

head Special Operations Command and former
commander of the 82nd Airborne Division and XVIII
Airborne Corps — recently teamed with novelist Tom
Clancy to write a chapter on the aftermath of Sept. 11
and the war against terrorism for the newly published
book, “Shadow Warriors, Inside the Special Forces.”
Clancy and Stiner met hundreds of fans at a Feb. 11
book signing at a shopping mall near the Pentagon.
Some people waited in line for hours to have their books
signed by the authors.
“This book is dedicated to all the great soldiers,
Teela: Tying the U.S. standard in men’s biathlon competition. sailors, airmen and marines with whom I have been
privileged to serve during 35 years of service,” said

V ERMONT Army National Guard soldier SPC Jer-

emy Teela charged to a remarkably strong 14th-
place finish and tied the United States’ standard in the
Stiner in the book’s prologue. “Among these, an elite
brotherhood of warriors deserves the highest possible
recognition — our nation’s
men’s 20-kilometer race at the XIX Winter Olympics’ special-operations force, past
The biathlon competition near Heber City, Utah. and present.
The Alaska native’s performance in the combina- “To those who have sacri-
Alaska tion shooting and skiing event was hailed as the best ficed their lives in defense of
native’s effort by an American in 30 years for the modern our freedom, we owe our deep-
individual Olympic competition. Two other Americans est respect and gratitude. To
performance finished 14th in the 20-kilometer race in 1960 and 1972, their families, we offer our
was hailed before biathletes began using newer skiing styles and deepest sympathy and
using .22-caliber rifles. prayers for their future,” he
as the best Teela missed just two of 20 targets and skied wrote.
effort by an strongly enough to cover the 12.4-mile distance in 53 “Our main goal in publish-
minutes, 56.5 seconds, during his first Olympic race. He ing this book was to educate
American in finished 2:53.2 behind gold medallist Ole Einar the public about what special
30 years ... Bjoerndalen of Norway after missing one target in each forces soldiers do in peace-
of the first prone and standing shooting stages. He hit all time and in war, and to let
10 of his final targets. taxpayers know that they’re
“My skis were so fast — stupid fast,” said the 25-
year-old Teela. “The wax guys did such a great job that Stiner (left) and Clancy:
I could not have asked for better. As for my shooting, Signing the new book.

32 Soldiers
getting the maximum amount pos- dlers were on assignment at the
sible out of each dollar spent on Olympic Winter Games in Salt Lake
the elite forces.” City, Utah.
The book traces the transfor- The teams “are constantly gone,”
mation of the special forces from said SFC David Reiter, the com-
the core of outsiders in the 1950s pany kennel master. “Since Sept. “Since
to special forces’ rebirth in the late
1980s and into the new century.
11, everybody wants dogs. They’re Sept. 11,
a hot commodity,” so much so that
“President Kennedy and BG it’s a challenge to schedule manda- everybody
Bill Yarborough saw the need for tory proficiency training, said Reiter, wants
changes in special operations in Lowrey and canine partner Kiko: who’s worked with military canine
the 1960s, a time of new threats In demand. units for 15 years. dogs.
from the Soviet Union and from insurgencies. Unfortu- Lowrey, a relative newcomer to the field, with about They’re a
nately, our organization shrank considerably after Viet- four years of canine duty, has worked with Kiko for two
nam, mostly because each service ran its own special years. They trained for their duties at the working dog
hot com-
operations. When money got tight, they cut special training center at Lackland Air Force Base, Texas. modity.”
ops,” Stiner said. “When I was a sophomore in high school I decided
“The special-operations forces did a great job at I wanted to be a police officer in the military,” he said.
what they were told to do, but they were too special- Since joining the Army he’s gone to the World
ized,” he said. “In 1986 the Goldwater-Nichols Act and Series with the president and is currently performing
the Cohen-Nunn Amendment transformed special forces missions at Camp David, Md. “I’ve gone on a White
forever. The act created U.S. Special Operations Com- House tour with a Secret Service agent and stayed at
mand and centralized all the special-operations forces.” five-star hotels.

CPT Mike Sennett

— Army News Service Movie stars going to
these hotels can’t

L IFE has been more hectic than usual lately for SSG
Martin Lowrey and his canine partner, Kiko. The
military policeman and his 6-year-old, bomb-sniffing
bring their pets, but
we’re allowed to
bring our working
German shepherd have been on the go almost con- dogs.” — Linda D.
stantly since Sept. 11. Kozaryn, American
On Jan. 24, for example, Lowrey and Kiko, of the Forces Press Ser-
Fort Myer, Va., Military Police Company Canine Sec- vice
tion, started their day at Fort Meade, Md., wrapping up
a week-long temporary assignment. By 10 a.m. they
were at Fort Belvoir, Va., about 60 miles to the south,
testing their explosive-detection skills at a warehouse
S FC Gary A.
Ballew didn’t
think twice about
training site. entering a neigh-
Just before noon, bor’s burning house Ballew (right): Lifesaver.
Lowrey got word he had to save a 5-year-old
a real mission. And by girl.
6 p.m. he and Kiko had “Anybody else would have done the same thing,”
to be in Cincinnati to Ballew said modestly.
conduct a bomb sweep In fact, Ballew, who was stationed at Fort Bragg,
in preparation for a visit N.C., at the time, risked his own life as he low-crawled
by Vice President Dick into the building to rescue the trapped girl, according to
Cheney. the Lake Rim, N.C., fire chief. He saved the girl’s life, the
The Fort Myer ca- chief said, by administering first aid until rescue person-
nine teams support lo- nel arrived on the scene.
cal military bases and LTG Dan K. McNeill, commander of XVIII Airborne
routinely go on mis- Corps, presented Ballew with the Soldier’s Medal, the
sions across the coun- highest award a soldier can receive for non-combat-
try and around the related heroism.
world to help protect top Ballew is assigned to First U.S. Army as an ob-
U.S. government offi- server-controller and trainer with the Fort Stewart, Ga.,-
cials. Two of Lowrey’s based 4th Brigade, 87th Division. — First U.S. Army
nine fellow dog han- PAO

May 2002 33
Postmarks Compiled by SSG Alberto Betancourt
From Army Posts Around the World
SGT Thorin Sprandel

tainees. If they were aware of

the prayer call beforehand, most
didn’t understand the meaning
of it. Now no one is left in the
dark, as an Islamic education
class is afforded to all incoming
service members.
The first to receive the class
were soldiers from the 988th
Military Police Company, Fort
Benning, Ga., who joined other
soldiers and marines already
guarding the detainees in Cuba.
According to Saiful-Islam,
it is vital all personnel receive
the class prior to assuming du-
ties at Camp X-Ray.
“These are the service
members who will be guarding
and taking care of detainees’
needs day after day, so it is
critical they have an under-
A Tunisian paratrooper moves to collapse his canopy during the U.S.-Tunisian jump exchange that standing of the Islamic religion,”
was a key component of Exercise Atlas Drop ’02. he said.
During the class Saiful-Is-
Cap Serrat, Tunisia exercise, which included Guantanamo Bay, Cuba lam discusses the Islamic be-
breaching and trenching the lief system, basic terms used
U.S., Tunisian Troops line, the 173rd Combat Support Soldiers Explore Islam by Islamic followers, and the
Join Forces Company’s assault and barrier
platoon moved tons of soil, im-
at Camp X-Ray five pillars of faith — the decla-
ration of faith, prayer, purifica-
U.S paratroopers, along with proved the wooden structure of WHEN Navy Lt. Abuhena M. tion of wealth, fasting and pil-
Tunisian forces, jumped into the the trench and constructed a Saiful-Islam, the Muslim chap- grimage.
Cap Serrat countryside during cement culvert to help drain the lain for Joint Task Force-160, He also explains to soldiers
Exercise Atlas Drop ’02. trench. conducted the first “call to how each of these would fall in
Led by U.S. soldiers from “Our job was to improve prayer” at Camp X-Ray, many with the job they are doing and
the Italy-based 173rd Airborne the trench, ensuring we get re- service members were just as how they could best perform
Brigade, the two-week exercise alistic and safe training,” said surprised as some of the de- their jobs while not violating de-
consisted of a joint U.S.-Tuni- SPC Cesareo Meza, a con-
sian jump exchange, live-fire struction-equipment operator.
Sgt. Joshua S. Higgens, USMC

exercises, and squad-, platoon- After the jump, paratroop-

and company-level situational ers from both countries partici-
training exercises. pated in a ceremonial airborne
The addition of the wing exchange.
brigade’s Reconnaissance “This is the best Atlas Drop
Company, hidden in the Tuni- we’ve had, and I hope next year
sian hills and providing surveil- will be even better,” said bri-
lance for the exercise, set this gade commander COL James
year’s training apart from last C. Yarbrough.
year’s. Atlas Drop began in 1996
“The best thing is when as an annually scheduled exer-
someone comes near my posi- cise that demonstrates the
tion and doesn’t see me,” said 173rd Abn. Bde.’s ability to de-
SGT Christopher McGrath, re- ploy quickly and conduct joint
connaissance-team leader. and combined missions. —
“That gets my heart pumping.” SGT Thorin Sprandel, 173rd Chaplain (LT) Abuhena M. Saiful-Islam speaks to soldiers about
Before the live-fire assault Abn. Bde. PAO the religious rights of Muslim detainees at Camp X-Ray.

34 Soldiers
SSG Jake Ruiz
Arnold Schwarzenegger joins SFC Jesus Piñeda of the Texas National Guard’s Company C,
3rd Battalion, 141st Infantry, atop a Bradley fighting vehicle at Camp McGovern, Bosnia.
tainees’ rights in accordance
with the 1949 Geneva Conven- Eagle Base, Bosnia 49th Infantry Division who ac- a morale booster.”
tions. companied the star inside the A few lucky soldiers at
Saiful-Islam said some con- Schwarzenegger Bradley. the fitness center pumped
cerns over the detainees’ rights
were voiced upon his arrival in
Visits Eagle Base CPL Phillip M. Kriner of a little iron during an im-
the Fort Drum, N.Y.-based promptu workout session
Cuba. The issue, he said, has MOVIE icon and body- 10th Mountain Div. was ex- with the muscle man.
since dwindled following posi- builder Arnold Schwarzen- cited to get his idol’s auto- The “Terminator”
tive reports from the Interna- egger recently took his lat- graph. pledged before his depar-
tional Committee of the Red est blockbuster, “Collateral “I’ve watched all his films,” ture: “I’ll be back!” — SSG
Cross/Red Crescent and De- Damage,” to Eagle Base, he said. John W. House, 382nd Mo-
fense Secretary Donald H. Bosnia. During his visit, Schwarz- bile Public Affairs Detach-
Rumsfeld. “I have often played enegger signed autographs, ment
“Issues were brought to my an action hero in the mov- posed for photos
with soldiers, and

SSG John W. House

attention by some of the detain- ies, but you soldiers are
ees that prayer had been dis- the real action heroes,” the told them he ap-
turbed,” said Saiful-Islam. “The actor said, introducing his preciated all their
reason this occurs is because newest thriller to a packed hard work.
service members may not rec- house inside the base’s “America is
ognize when a detainee is pray- fest tent. the land of oppor-
ing, or some of the customs Before the evening tunity,” he said. “I
Islamic followers abide by. I premiere, Schwarzeneg- and everybody
think this class will clear things ger visited Camp who enjoys suc-
up.” McGovern, where he fired cess in America
For guards at Camp X-Ray, the M-16 assault rifle at knows it’s be-
the class is a welcome tool that the simulator range and cause you pro-
they hope will help them on the the M-240 machine gun tect our country.”
job. with live ammunition, and “We haven’t
“I think if we respect the took a ride on a Bradley got the big names
detainees, they will probably fighting vehicle. visiting out here,”
be more cooperative with our “He was really nice to said SSG
security measures,” said SPC be around. I was very re- Michael Krozer, a
Melissa D. Manes. “This will laxed,” said SFC Jesus Louisiana Army
make our job much easier.” — Piñeda, a member of the Guard soldier. Schwarzenegger autographs a photo for
Marine Sgt. Joshua S. Higgins, Army National Guard’s “This is definitely CPL Phillip M. Kriner of the 10th Mtn. Div.
Joint Information Bureau

May 2002 35
Sharp Shooters
Photos by
SGT William A. Graves

A s the “Home of the

Infantry” Fort Ben-
ning, Ga., is one of U.S.
Army Training and Doc-
SGT William A. Graves

trine Command’s busiest

training hubs. Covering
184,000 acres in south- Infantry Training Brigade soldiers
from 2nd Battalion, 58th Infantry
ern Georgia, the installa- Regiment, practice their bayonet
tion is home to the Infan-
try Training Brigade and a
basic training combat
brigade. It also boasts PVT Charles Vogelsong sounds off
during bayonet drill.
such training facilities as
the Airborne, Ranger and Two airborne stu-
dents prepare to
Fitness schools. SGT land at Fryer Drop
William A. Graves cap-
tured on film some of the
training that takes place SSG Lee Wright shows PVT Kyle
at Fort Benning every Keihn the proper way to deliver a
butt stroke.

PVT Jason Engel (on top, at right)

practices “passing the guard”
with PVT Richard Britton (bot-
tom) as SSG Joseph Gagnon in-
structs them in combatives dur-
ing basic training.

Standard photo submissions for Soldiers Sharp Shooters

can be mailed to:
Photo Editor, Soldiers, 9325 Gunston Road,
Ste. S108, Fort Belvoir, VA 22060-5581.
Photo submissions of digital images should be directed to:
alberto.betancourt@belvoir All submissions
must include an introductory paragraph and captions.

36 Soldiers May 2002 37

Legal Forum by Steven Chucala

Budget Counseling
Credit Cards Get Off the
Debt Wagon

of sources that can be quoted. Alleged causes range

from the deregulation of the credit industry, resulting in
loosening of underwriting standards, to remarks that
more laws are needed to protect citizens from banks
and moneylenders.
Reading these arguments, the private debtor is
often tempted to complain, “It’s not my fault, I shouldn’t
have been granted credit in the first place.” It’s a
defense people are using more frequently to avoid
personal responsibility.
Credit cards are but one aspect of debt, yet they
epitomize current consumer behavior. The National
Law Center recently reported that 75 percent of U.S.
households have at least one credit card debt from
month to month. Yet it’s no wonder that consumers are
“addicted” to credit, since lenders have issued more
than 1 billion cards, a number equivalent to sending a
dozen credit cards to each household in the country.
“Dollar debt” continued to escalate in 2001, with no
letup in sight. In 1997, the dollar value of outstanding
loans was $442 billion. This fig-
ure is twice the dollar amount of
1993, just four years earlier. Mo

ANY service members, retirees and their fami- Zeroing in on 1997 alone, the Deb
lies are in firm contention for championship credit industry mailed 3 billion
status in the “Debt Olympics,” having amassed solicitations, or about 41 per
burdensome obligations and defaults on their household. The number in-
credit payments. The evidence can be found in their creased in 2000 to 3.3 billion
frequent visits to legal-assistance offices to get relief solicitations.
from unmanageable bills that adversely impact family
harmony, credit standings, security clearances, job
performance and military career potential.
Debt is a Military Problem
America has the highest level of educated citizens Overall, one family in nine spends more than 40
in its history, yet many people appear helpless in percent of its income on debt service. At income levels
handling their personal financial affairs, and a growing below $25,000, this number rises to one in six. Since
number of them are filing for bankruptcy each year. As many military personnel fall within this lower-income
for the military community, it’s all too frequently repre- group, such debt is of increasing concern in the Army.
sented in the statistics, since it’s a reflection of our But families in higher income brackets are not immune
civilian society. and also fall prey to extensive debt obligations.
Commanders and legal assistance attorneys once
Who’s to Blame? believed that junior soldiers would not get credit-card
solicitations, or that their credit would not be approved.
Opinions on the causes of increasing debt and That assumption was clearly incorrect, as military fami-
default on payments vary nearly as much as the number lies are being provided credit cards from multiple sources
Steven Chucala is chief of client services in the Office of the Staff Judge
that, when used together, add up to thousands of credit
Advocate at Fort Belvoir, Va. dollars. Even people who have declared bankruptcy

38 Soldiers
often receive new credit cards, and they proceed to use In a sense, it’s Consumer
them without hesitation.
The government has attempted to protect consum-
ers by legislating a variety of federal and local laws
too bad that credit
cards don’t immedi-
ately remove funds
Debt Rises
concerning fair credit billing, credit collection and even from your wallet at
credit reporting. But these laws cannot legislate con- the sales register.
sumer self-restraint or common sense in credit and debt Rather, they create
creation. a false belief that you
Clients are experiencing severe stress, family dis- don’t have to worry
putes and economic distress that cannot be cured by about the debt — that it will somehow be taken care of
commanders and attorneys, since 99 percent of the in the future. If consumers treated each transaction
debts are legally binding and were incurred without any from the perspective of “Do I have the money in my
fraud on the part of the lender or seller. Furthermore, wallet to pay for the purchase?” then self-restraint might
most soldiers have done too little, too late, having follow.
sought help — through free budget counseling by Credit pitfalls include the low interest rates that are
organizations such as the Army Community Services — offered to attract consumers but then escalate after an
only after they are unable to meet their debt payments introductory period and climb even more dramatically
and are faced with bad credit ratings, judicial judg- as a result of late payments.
ments, property repossession or foreclosures.
Coming Congressional Action?
Avoiding the Debt Trap Many believe that all will be well if they file for
Consumers could avoid this modern-day economic bankruptcy — and military and civilian families are filing
disaster by asking themselves several questions before for bankruptcy in record numbers, to the point that
incurring additional debt: federal legislation may soon tighten bankruptcy re-
Congressional changes seek to establish a new
Can I afford it?
“means” test, so that if the debtor can cover at least 25
percent of the obligations over five years, he or she will
Can I do without this purchase for this have to enter a court-supervised repayment plan in-
year or until I can handle the debt? stead of being allowed to erase all debts immediately.
While politicians and lobbyists continue to argue
Will I be able to cover all of my debts a few what final form bankruptcy legislation should take, the
months from now? unsolicited, “pre-approved” credit card offers keep show-
ing up at the consumer’s door.
What changes will the total debts demand
of my lifestyle? What You Can Do
Can I buy a cheaper item that will provide Your best defense against this assault is to simply
me what I truly need? cut up and throw away these offers, and to stop future
solicitations by making phone calls to each of the
What will the item’s total cost be if I organizations that monitor credit usage: Equifax
can’t make payments on time? at (888) 567-8688, Experian at (800) 353-
0809 and Trans Union at (800) 680-7293.
And perhaps your best defense
What money have I set aside for
against misusing and possibly losing the
unforeseen needs? credit privileges you have is to
turn one of those old credit card
Will this debt mean taking a second job to slogans around and “just leave
make the payments? home without it.”

What impact will debts have on my job and the

performance of my military duties?

May 2002 39
Marking Distance Home
Story by Renita Foster

UIZ any deployed soldier on
what he or she might do to “I especially re-
feel closer to home and many
would likely say they’d erect member seeing
a post with signs indicating
the direction and distance to the signs toward
their most special place on earth —
Mile markers, like this one
Soldiers call the makeshift dis-
the end of World
on Okinawa during World
tance-direction indicators “mile
War II, have been common
since Roman times. markers,” “road signs” or “signposts.” War II, especially
Vietnam veteran Herbert Brown, a
civilian engineer in Indianapolis, Ind., in France.”
said: “Signposts went up whenever we
moved to new airfields, which was Retired BG John Kirk, a
about six different times. We’d get to a military researcher in Seattle,
new site and make the location signs Wash., agreed with Holmes’
with the slats from ammunition cases. I idea that signposts began with
put up ‘Indianapolis’ for me.” the Romans and have existed
since. “Legend has it that a
stone column in what is now
Signposts began with Normandy pointed Roman
soldiers toward Rome,” Kirk
the Romans and have said.
Another theory is associated
O.B. Hill, a WWII veteran of the 82nd Airborne
Division, remembers mile markers being very
with Icelandic explorer Leif
existed since. Eriksson, thought to be the first
common in Europe near the end of the war.

European to land on the North Ameri- Air Base, Korea, in 1950. His sign
“I especially remember seeing the can continent. The theory is that read: “Maine,” the place he longed to
signs toward the end of World War II, Eriksson, upon seeing a graffiti- return to because his wife was living
especially in France,” said O.B. Hill, a covered rock in northern Scotland, there.
D-Day veteran from Cathedral City, followed the scrawled direction to Ken Leeman, a Korean War
Calif., who served with the 82nd “turn left here” that brought him safely veteran from Lakewood, N.J., said
Airborne Division. “I never heard the back to Norway. mile markers in Korea in 1950 were as
posts referred to by any official term. common as the flight line, dispensary
For me, they were simply reminders and barracks at Kimpo Air Base.
that the places that were so dear to our And during the Gulf War, erecting
hearts still existed. New York City was While they’re typically signposts was among the first chores
almost always on a signpost some- soldiers performed, said Bruce Martin,
where because every one of us was associated with war, then a transportation company com-
either from there or would be going mander who now works at Fort
through there to get home.” the signposts crop up Monmouth, N.J., as a management
Most soldiers don’t know the origin analyst at the U.S. Army Communica-
of the military signpost, said Charles-
ton, W. Va., military historian and Air
during noncombat tions and Electronics Command. The
signs represented soldiers from every
Force veteran Dan Holmes. He
believes it dates to the time of Roman
deployments as well. part of America.
While they’re typi-
armies, when their troops erected signs cally associated with war,
marking the route to Rome. Al Blaney of Natick, Mass., a the signposts crop up
veteran of both World War II and the during noncombat deploy-
Renita Foster is assigned to the U.S. Army Communica-
tions-Electronics Command Public Affairs Office at Fort
Korean War, remembered spending a ments as well, Martin said.
Monmouth, N.J. few days building a signpost at Taegu Bob Hopkins, a retired

40 Soldiers May 2002 41

because we were so far the Korean War, said Jeff Duford, a
west of the United States. historian at the museum.
And because we had He said one of the directional slats
soldiers from Arizona, provided mileage to the nearest
Massachusetts, Arkansas, “watering hole,” that is, place where a
Michigan, Pennsylvania soldier could quench his thirst with a
and Georgia, the names of tall glass of Cuban rum or Kentucky
various cities in each of bourbon.
those states had to be Yet another signpost, this one in
mounted on the signpost,” Bosnia-Herzegovina, indicated a less
Cleaveland said. than desirable state of morale among
The exact mileage soldiers from Great Britain, France and
from the DMZ to each city Germany; its “morale” directional
was important, Cleaveland arrow pointed straight down, said Dr.
added. “I liked remember- Jeffery Underwood, a U.S. Air Force
ing the fact that Detroit Museum historian who photographed
was 22 hours away by air, the post just outside Sarajevo.
because that number was Vietnam veteran Bob Maras of
much smaller than the Lakehurst, N.J., said mile markers
actual mileage.” represent a vital link to home that a
Besides bringing the soldier can visualize. They’re a
names of hometowns to far reminder that he or she is only so
off places, signposts can
also indicate soldiers’
attitudes about a location “I liked remembering
or assignment, Cleaveland
said. the fact that Detroit
During the Korean
War, members of a unit was 22 hours away
based at Kadena Air Base,
Okinawa, spelled their
feelings out like this:
by air, because that
An American soldier changes a street sign in Nürnberg,
Germany, on April 20, 1945, signifying that the Yanks
“Group Headquarters, Too
Damn Close” (to the
number was much
have arrived. action).
The signpost was smaller than the
warrant officer, remembered contrib- reconstructed from a photograph for an
uting to the construction of mile exhibit at the U.S. Air Force Museum actual mileage.”
markers while in Germany, during at Wright-Patterson Air Force Base,
Return of Forces to Germany exer- Ohio, during the armed forces’ com- many miles from home and will travel
cises in the 1970s. Soldiers in various memoration of the 50th anniversary of those miles again en route home.
units made a contest out of trying to Signposts are also extensions of a
create the most elaborate signpost soldier’s imagination, passion and
around, he said. sense of humor, Duford said.
“Before I knew it, we had a The mile marker Cleaveland
massive pole bearing the names of associated with home while he was
dozens of cities,” Hopkins said. The stationed near the Korean DMZ stood
signpost became a conversation piece right outside his barracks door, so he
that helped bridge gaps between passed it several times a day.
soldiers, introducing those from the “I had two kids at the time, and I
same towns or cities and allowing thought about them every time I passed
them to share stories about places and the sign,” Cleaveland said. “I even
people they had in common. patted it every day for luck.
Signpost construction began within “Signposts always bring back the
hours of SSG George Cleaveland’s memories of home,” he said. “That’s a
arrival at Camp Stanley, Korea, in very positive thing. Because home is
1996, where he served with the 2nd number one.”
Infantry Division near the demilita-
rized zone. Today he’s an MP at Fort SSG George Cleaveland remembers that
Monmouth. the mileage signs on markers in Korea
“Basically, everything faced east, all pointed east, toward home.

42 Soldiers
A Tank to
By John Slee and 1LT David Key

A VINTAGE American tank

found in Haiti will soon take
its place among other Army
antiques at the 1st Armored
Division Museum in Baumholder,
Germany, thanks to Military Traffic
was moved to an Army depot in
Records indicate that almost two-
Haitian Defense Forces installation.
thirds of the Stuart tanks produced
When CMH acquired the tanks for
went to America’s allies through the
display in Army museums, the M3A1
Lend-Lease program. Recipients
included both Britain and China. The
Anniston, Ala., and later shipped to the
rest went to the U.S. Army.
Army Reserve’s 88th Regional Support
Command at Fort Snelling, Minn. The most notable use of the tank
Management Command personnel who
moved the rusted vehicle by ship and was in the North African campaign,
The M3A1 Stuart is still equipped
barge to Baumholder, where it will be beginning in November 1942. This
with its 37mm cannon and original
completely restored. was the first tank to be used in combat
engine and air filters. The only missing
In its half-century life, the 1942-era there by the 1st Armd. Div.
part is the cannon’s breech block.
M3A1 Stuart tank has seen service in The M3 was successfully
MTMC’s Netherlands-based 838th
various countries, according to histori- used to defeat a larger
Transportation Battalion unloaded the
ans at the U.S. Army Center of Mili- force of Vichy French
tank from the USNS Faust at Antwerp, Additional
tary History in Washington, D.C. Renault tanks at Oran,
Belgium. Then MTMC’s Rhine River information on the
They said the tank — one of 3,427 Detachment from Mannheim, Ger-Algeria. Later, the 1st Armd. Div.
built — first surfaced at the end of many, barged the “dinosaur” totank was used with Museum is available at
World War II, when it was one of six Baumholder. success against
World War II-era Army tanks sold by a weaker Italian
The 37th Trans. Bn. later moved it mil/museum/museum.htm
European government to Haiti. The armor, the
to the nearby 1st Armd. Div. Museum,
tanks were reconditioned by the Ferrari historians said.
where it will be restored to its original
Motor Company, in Italy, and then With only a 37mm main
1942 condition before being displayed
shipped across the Atlantic Ocean. gun and relatively light armor,
with some 40 other combat vehicles,
The Army first became aware of the tank was no match for the
said museum director Dan Peterson.
the tanks in 1994, when a special armor of Field Marshall Erwin
Recovery of the tank has created a
forces team, which included Rommel’s Afrika Korps. So the
sensation among military vehicle
museum specialist Jim Speraw, enthusiasts, he said. mission of the Stuart tanks was
found the inoperable reduced to reconnaissance and infiltra-
“Classic military vehicle
tanks at Camp De tion. In this new role, the tank’s low
clubs are very interested in
Application, a weight and high speed gave it a
this tank because it’s the first
decided advantage.
one to arrive in Europe in
John Slee is chief of the 838th
Trans. Bn.’s Terminal Management
In 1942 an improved version,
its original
Division. 1LT David Key boasting sloping armor, was devel-
commands the
Rhine River De- oped. It was designated the M3A3 and
said John Slee,
tachment. was nearly the same as the next
chief of the
version, the M5. All of these tanks
were named after the famous Confed-
erate cavalry leader J.E.B. Stuart.
The entire Stuart series of light
tanks was replaced in 1944 by the M24
General Chaffee tank.
Speraw said CMH is interested in
Karel Philipse (both)

other vehicles and equipment from

World War II, including Sherman
tanks, half-tracks and armored cars.
Anyone with information about
possible procurement of World War II
MTMC contractor Thierry van Zandebergen checks shipment documents upon the materiel may call Speraw at (202) 685-
M3A1’s arrival in Belgium. The tank is one of 3,427 examples built. 2464.

May 2002 43
Dealing With Death Story by
Heike Hasenauer

Heike Hasenauer
Jim Bolton
S people around the world specialist in the Army. Only then were
continue to focus on the war the litter teams allowed to enter
against terrorism, so, too, do portions of the collapsed west wing of
they realize that more U.S. the Pentagon.
soldiers fighting in Afghanistan “This has been a first-time experi-
and other trouble spots around the ence for me,” Boyer said of perform-
world will undoubtedly die on foreign ing the job he was trained to do in a
soil. real-life, mass-casualty situation. He
A soldier doesn’t take the oath of had only recently joined the unit as its
enlistment without knowing that death commander in May 2001.
is an occupational hazard. But, as is He previously taught and wrote
true for mainstream society, death can doctrine at Fort Lee’s Mortuary Affairs
come much more unexpectedly in Center, where all mortuary-affairs
peacetime. specialists are trained.
In Afghanistan, and across the “Training helps us prepare for what
Army, specially trained soldiers, most we do. But you can never be fully
of them in the Army Reserve, must prepared for something like what
deal with death when tragedy strikes. happened at the Pentagon. I still get
During Soldiers’ visit, CPT Corey choked up,” Boyer said. “I felt very
Boyer commanded the 54th Quarter- badly for the families. It just made my
master Company, the Army’s only heart ache.”
active-duty mortuary-affairs company, At the same time, he said, “the Training for mortuary-affairs specialists
stationed at Fort Lee, Va. experience prompted me to refocus on also includes preparation of remains for
A day after the Sept. 11 terrorist the importance of human life and shipment to their final resting place.
attack on the Pentagon, he and other family. I also know how important our
soldiers from his company performed job is. Recovering remains and
the painstaking and heartbreaking returning them to families provides Air Force plane carrying Commerce
mission of recovering and preparing some comfort to those families. We’re Secretary Ron Brown and others.
remains. giving them closure.” Members of the 54th QM Co. were
Initially, five 7-person teams were The need for soldiers trained to also in Oklahoma City following the
on-site. recover, process and send home the bombing of the Alfred P. Murrah
“A gruesome part of the work bodies of the dead has always been Federal Building. Sixteen soldiers
involved removing the rubble and critical in combat. Soldiers from the from the 54th worked 12-hour shifts
searching through it for remains,” said 54th QM Co. have traveled around the for two weeks following that blast,
LTG Thomas J. Plewes, commander of world to recover and return the bodies placing remains in body bags and
the Army Reserve. of soldiers killed while conducting moving them to a temporary identifica-
A Reserve mortuary-affairs unit, missions in hostile lands. And it isn’t tion tent. Then they worked with
the 311th QM Co. from Puerto Rico, just soldiers they recover. officials from the Oklahoma City
had arrived on the scene two days later Grigler deployed with the unit in Medical Examiner’s Office to identify
to augment the 54th. response to the 1983 bombing of the them.
Because the Pentagon disaster site U.S. Marine barracks in Beirut, “Our primary mission is to recover
was an active crime scene, FBI Lebanon; the attack on the USS Stark; remains with dignity and respect,”
(Above) A trowel, here laying beside replica bones used for train- officials first conducted their own and the killing of 18 special forces Grigler said.
ing, is one of the most important tools in the recovery of remains. investigations of the criminal nature of soldiers in Somalia. He also partici- In mortuary-affairs specialist
Jim Bolton

the deaths, said SGM Alfred Grigler, pated in the recovery of remains training, students study map reading;
(Right) Soldiers training to become mortuary-affairs specialists the senior enlisted mortuary-affairs following the crash in Croatia of an search and recovery operations;
unearth a replica skeleton during an exercise at Fort Lee, Va.

44 Soldiers May 2002 45

“A lot of soldiers who enter this field think

Jim Bolton
they’ll be dealing with funeral details — flags, somber
music, salutes. They won’t.”

Heike Hasenauer
mortuary-affairs specialists know what
they will be doing upon graduating
from the six-week course.
One instructor at the school said:
“A lot of soldiers who enter this field
think they’ll be dealing with funeral
details — flags, somber music, salutes.
They won’t.”
While they usually don’t perform
autopsies, Grigler said, mortuary-
affairs specialists may assist in con-
ducting them if they’re assigned to
Army mortuary facilities overseas, as
at the Landstuhl Regional Medical
Center in Germany. Soldiers from
LRMC have also rotated in and out of
Bosnia and Kosovo since 1995, where
their assistance has been required.
Sometimes the preparation of
During a training exercise, SPC Jacob remains for viewing and burial re-
Vigil notes the exact position of a rep- quires mortuary-affairs specialists to
lica skeleton before beginning to exca-
vate it. clean bodies from head to toe, shave
dead soldiers or suture remains after an Classes in human anatomy and the struc-
autopsy. ture of the human skeleton are vital as-
gridding (to establish grid coordinates Mortuary-affairs specialists see pects of the mortuary-affairs training.
and azimuth readings marking the some horrific stuff, said Grigler, who
location of every set of remains or was a mortician before joining the dealing with the death of others.
parts of remains found); interment and Army. “We work on remains and focus Soldiers in this MOS stay in the
disinterment; and mortuary operations. on just that. It’s only afterward that the MOS because “they understand that
They also learn about the human realization of what we’ve seen and they work for the families — people
skeletal system in order to distinguish dealt with hits us.” they’ll never see and who will never
human remains from those of animals. Counseling before, during and after know them. But by bringing closure
And there are fingerprinting and dental missions helps mortuary-affairs for the family, they help them in
identification classes. Mortuary-affairs specialists cope with the aftermath of dealing with their loss,” Boyer said.
personnel do tentative identifications
only, but completion of dental charts is

Paul Sweeney
part of the job of processing remains.
In the first and fifth weeks of the
training, students visit the state
medical examiner’s office in Rich-
mond, Va., where they get a hands-on
perspective, Grigler said.
“They examine remains, assist in
performing autopsies and take tissue
samples,” he added. “They see remains
before the remains arrive at a funeral
home, and have been prepared and
placed in a casket.”
Following the first visit, they
undergo a psychiatric evaluation to
ensure they’re OK, Grigler said.
Most of the students have never
been exposed to death, he said. It’s PV2 Jessica Lee Haberstroh examines a mannequin’s teeth and notes her observa-
important to the Army that prospective tions on the “victim’s” medical record.

46 Soldiers
Be a part of your magazine
Send Your Photos to Soldiers
oldiers wants you, your family and friends
to be part of our hottest issue of the year. Tips for Photo Success
We’re already planning our 2003 almanac
and once again need your help.
A large part of each almanac is “This Is Our
M ORE than half the photos we receive each
year never make it to the final selection
process, mostly for avoidable reasons. Follow
Army,” a photo feature that tells the Army story at these simple tips to be sure your photos have
the local level. the best chance of being selected.
If you have candid photos of the Army family at 1. Complete the accompanying entry form
work or play, send them in NOW. The only and carefully attach it to the back of each photo
restriction is that your photos should be taken you send, or provide a way of linking it to each
between Aug. 16, 2001, and Aug. 15, 2002, and image.
be sent to us by Sept. 1. 2. Make sure your package is postmarked
by the Sept. 1, 2002 deadline.
Soldiers requires color prints or slides. We 3. Send only photos taken between Aug.
don’t need fancy 8x10 prints — regular 4x6 prints 16, 2001, and Aug. 15, 2002.
will do. We can accept digital images, but they 4. Check closely to be sure your photos
must be very high resolution (minimum is 5x7 at don’t show obvious uniform or safety violations.
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from digital images. Also, please DO NOT e-mail any questions about the information you’ve
photo submissions. sent.
To enter, complete a copy of the form below 6. Don’t send snapshots of people staring
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and attach it to each photo you send. Photos better.
without complete caption information will not be 7. Send only quality images: No Polaroids;
considered. Photos and accompanying information no out-of-focus, discolored or torn images; and
cannot be returned. no prints from digital images.
If you have questions, contact our photo editor 8. Don’t write on the back of your prints,
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via e-mail to avoid using staples and paper clips on photos.
Mail your entries with prints or slides to: 9. Protect your images. Use cardboard to
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and the Soldiers Style Guide, are both
available at

Photocopy this entry form and attach a copy to each photo you submit.
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May 2002 47
Around the Services Compiled by Paul Disney from service reports
Air Force
The Civil Air Patrol celebrated 60
years of service with a wreath-
laying ceremony at the CAP Memo-
rial at Arlington National Cemetery.
The ceremony paid special tribute to
the World War II coastal patrol members, nick-
named the “sub chasers,” who used their own
private planes armed with bombs and depth
charges to hunt for German U-boats. The sub
chasers are credited with sinking two subs.
Today, CAP pilots fly 85 percent of inland
search-and-rescue missions in the nation.
Coast Guard
In the largest homeland-defense and
port-security operation since World War
II, the Coast Guard mobilized more than
2,000 Reservists immediately after the Sept. 11
terrorist attacks. In January alone, the Coast Guard
conducted 30,000 port-security patrols and 3,000
air patrols, boarded 1,792 high-interest vessels,
and escorted 5,112 vessels in and out of ports.
The Coast Guard protects the 95,000 miles of
America’s coastline, including the Great Lakes
and inland waterways.

Department of Defense
Construction workers continue laboring around the
clock at the Pentagon, pouring concrete and placing
rebar to create the new walls of the D ring. The plastic
molds being used replicate the 1941 wooden plank frame-
work used in the original construction project. Engineers expect
the repairs to be completed by Sept. 11.

✩ U.S. Government Printing Office: 2002—491-54020028

A recently identified sailor killed in the
December 1941 Japanese attack on Pearl
Harbor was reburied in March at the Na-
tional Memorial Cemetery of the Pacific.
Seaman Apprentice Thomas Hembree was
serving aboard the seaplane tender USS Curtiss
when it was struck by a Japanese bomb, killing 21 sailors
aboard. All but two of the dead crewmen — Hembree and
Seaman First Class Wilson A. Rice — were accounted for
following the attack. The U.S. Army Central Identification
Laboratory in Hawaii identified Hembree’s remains.

48 Soldiers
Road This completed section of the Corps-built highway
linked Kandahar with Herat.

Even today, many roadways in

rural Afghanistan are little more
than rock-strewn tracks through
the rugged terrain. Modernization
URING the 1960s the U.S. Army project was the completion of a 75- During the
Corps of Engineers’ Mediterra- mile road from Herat to Islam Qala on
nean Division oversaw a pro- the Iranian frontier. The project cost 1960s the U.S. Army
gram to modernize Afghan-
istan’s road system, a rudimentary
more than $70 million.
Although the Corps played a major
Corps of Engineers’
1,700-mile circular route of rock-bed role in providing Afghanistan with a Mediterranean Division
and dirt linking principal towns. modern highway, the system never oversaw a program to
The Afghanistan Area Office of the realized the full aspirations Corps
Mediterranean Division’s Gulf District planners had for it. After 1979, the modernize Afghanistan’s
was established at Kabul and the road network was used by Soviet rudimentary road
district opened a resident office in forces during their invasion and
Kandahar in January 1961 to supervise occupation of the country, and ulti- links between principal
the construction. mately fell into disrepair. cities and towns.
The highway project began with the
construction of a 96-mile spur from
Kandahar to the border with Pakistan
at Spin Buldak. Although this road was
completed relatively quickly and
without too many hassles, the building
of the 300-mile road from Kabul to
Kandahar posed another challenge.
Numerous problems plagued work
crews, including a border clash
between Afghanistan and Pakistan that
ultimately restricted construction for
several years and required the contrac-
tor to develop alternate routes for
transporting equipment and supplies,
principally through Mashhad, Iran, to
Herat, and then on to Kandahar. The
road was finally completed in the
summer of 1966.
The final phase of the highway
Building this section of the highway, from Kabul to Kandahar, first required the laying of
Text provided by USACE Office of History. a special subbase layer across miles of forbidding desert.

May 2002 49
Carl Robert Arvin
Carl R. Arvin was the Cadet First Captain (the highest-ranking
cadet) and wrestling team captain during his senior year at West
Point. The Ypsilanti, Mich., native was killed in action in
Vietnam on Oct. 8, 1967. He was posthumously awarded two
Silver Stars and a Purple Heart.

2 West Point — 200 Years of Athletic Excellence Soldiers