This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
"كحرج ًُ بحت ُأ بحها ةًق، بيبحها حرج ىسُت ُأ ءافوها ةًقو، كعطق ًُ هصت ُأ هصوها ةًقو، ةًقو وق َة اى قٌَ أُ ي نوُ م و ذى ل ى وجه، وق َة اى ت ساٍح أُ ت ع فوا عَِ ظ يَل،هللا "األح ساُ أُ ت ح سِ ى َِ أ ساء ى ل
Monday, 23 August 2010
Siapa Sebenarnya Bumiputera di Tanah Malaysia...
"The Lost City of Kota Gelanggi Archeological Find- Menyanggah Kebumiputeraan Melayu di Malaysia”
Untuk permulaan, antara maklumat yang disebutkan ialah: 1. Kerajaan Johor dan Malaysia menutup kebenaran kajian Kota Gelanggi itu kerana penemuan kajian itu memaparkan fakta bahawa kerajaan Melayu adalah sebenarnya keturunan Hindu dari kerajaan Chola India pada abad 12M yang datang menakluk Tanah Melayu.(Sebenarnya, penaklukan itu diingati oleh bangsa Melayu sebagai raja Suran dalam Sulatussalatin (Sejarah Melayu). Raja Suran dalah berkait pula dengan kerajaan BuddhaSriwijaya di Sumatera pada abad 7-13M yang menurunkan kerajaan Melayu. Balasan kita ialah: masyarakat dan sejarawan Melayu tidak pernah menafikan kehadiran keturunan hindu-buddha sebagai punca kerajaan Melayu. Malah kita menjadikannya sejarah bangsa melayu. Tetapi raja-raja Melayu menerima sejarah global yang jauh lebih awal dari sekadar Chola India pada abad ke-12 itu. Dari sudut kerajaan di India, fahaman Melayu ialah mereka adalah keturunan dari Iskandar Zulkarnain dari Yunani (Mekadonia), yang menakluk Parsi, India dan Mesir pada 326 SM(BC). Justeru itu, semua raja Melayu baik di Malaysia, Brunei dan Indionesia adalah keturunan dari Iskandar Zulkarnain, raja yang lebih agung dari sekadar Raja Chola yang menjadi sebahagian dari turunan itu. 2. Raja Suran yang menakluk beberapa kerajaan di Tanah Melayu itu melahirkan kerajaan Sriwijaya di Palembang, Sumatera yang menjadi punca keturunan Raja-raja Melayu di seluruh Alam Melayu melalui perkahwinan dengan puteri Raja Melayu, Demang Lebar Daun dengan 'perjanjian' atau 'waad' antara mereka untuk mengahwini puteri Demang Lebar Daun dan memberi pemerintahan kepada keturunan Raja Suran. Legenda waad antara Deman Lebar Daun, Raja Melayu dengan keturunan Raja Suran itu adalah suatu bahan gagasan perundangan dan perlembagaan kerajaan yang amat penting. Untuk pertama kali dalam sejarah wujud gagasan 'social contract' antara raja dan rakyat Melayau yang mengangkatnya sebagai 'Yang Dipertuan' - 'yang dijadikan Tuan'. Sebab itu semua raja Melayu dipanggil "Yang Dipertuan" oleh bangsa Melayu keraja mereka mempunyai waad dengan rakyatnya untuk sentiasa memelihara dan tidak memfadhihat rakyat Melayu. Social contract itu berlaku lama sebelum King John yang zalim, di England menerima Magna Carta (great charter) yang menjadikannya raja berperlembagaan di England pada tahun 1215 M. 3. Meskipun raja melatyu dari turunan raja suran berkahwin dengan Puterei demang Lebar Daun, maka pastilah keturunan itu telah 'masuk Melayu' atau 'jadi Melayu' melaluii perkawinan dan tidak pernah keturunan raja Suran itu dikatakan berkahwin dengan puterei dari India. maka jadilah raja itu raja Melayu. Walau bagaimanapun, meskipun Raja itu berasal dari India sebagai turunan Iskandar Zulkarnain, keadaan itu tidak menjadikan negera Melayu sebagai negara India. Seperti mana juga kerajaan
England sebagai suami Queen Elizabeth. 6. Malaysia adalah Malay State (Malay + sia). evil dan satanic. Warisan dan Sosio-budaya. tidak ilmiah serta serong.adalah kata-kata yang bermakna state (negera) seperti dalam Indonesia.India adalah dari keturanan Mogol (Genghis Khan) menurunkan Akbar the Great yang Muslim maka itu tidak menjadikan negara India sebagai negara Mogol atau Tartar. Kemudian konsep itu digunakan oleh para pengkaji Alam Melayu di Eriopah dan sejarawan R. Inipun adalah pandangan yang amat dangkal dan serong serta salah dari sudut ilmu bahasa dan dinamika perubahan bahasa. Dengan mengaitkan sebuah legenda yang amat kabur tentang Kota Gelanggi yang berasal dari buku sejarah tulisan bangsa Melayu. Ambil sahaja satu halaman kamus bahasa Inggeris. Begitu juga China yang mempunyai emperor dari keturunan Mogol Kublai Khan yang juga Muslim dan menubuhkan Yuan Dynasty tidak menjadikan China sebagai negara Mogol atau dapat dikatakan orang Mogol mendahuli orang China di China. sekarang adalah keturunan GreekDanmark tidak menjadikan England atau Britain itu Greek ataupun Danemark. Makalah ringkas itu mengutip beberapa patah perkataan Melayu yang berasal dari bahasa sanskrit sebagai bukti bahawa bangsa India telah dahulu datang ke Alam melayu. Majlis Profesor Malaysia (MPN) Posted by س يف ال باري ن ب ن رم ليat 17:02 . Ia mendedahkan suatu konspirasi bahawa terdapat golonganorang asing yang menggunakan institusi pengajian asing dan mungkin disokong oleh kerajaan asing dengan subahat ilmuan dalam negara yang berniat menghapuskan kedaulatan Malayu di negeri Melayu. Emerson yang menulis buku sejarah 'Malaysia: study in Indirect Rule' di Tanah Melayu. Micronesia. Dari sudut kajian ilmiah. Sekaligus tulisan itu mempunyai niat jahat. Sepertimana juga Prince Philip. Polynesia. Duke of edinburg. Bahasa Melayu juga telah memperkaya bahasa Inggeris dengan memberikan kata-kata 'amuk' dan 'latah' dan agar-agar. kita akan temui banyak kata asing di dalamnya. Data-datanya adalah 'a collection of desparate statements without any logical validity and sound reasoning with defensible conclusion'. 4. Sia. Tidak ada bahasa dalam dunia kini yang tulin. di Filipinan ingin menamakan negara Filipinan sebagai 'Malaysia' pada hujun abad 19. makalah tentang Kota Gelanggi itu adalah 'exercise in futility' yang penuh dengan 'spurious and tendentious conclusions' serta 'completely unscientific' dan mengandungi motif 'devilish and demonic politics'. Bahasa China sudah pasti penuh dengan kata-kata asing terutama tentang konsep 'buddhism' yang datang dari India ataupun istilah teknologi moden yang datang dari Amerika. Bangsa Melayu tetap berkuasa walaupun keturunan raja asalnya asing. adalah suatu penemuan yanag jahil. tentang asal usul bangsa Melayu dan menuduh pula kerajaan Melayu/ Malaysia ingin menutup kebenaran sejarah. Inilah yang dikatakan sebagai 'false conclusion' dalam kajian. pada sejarah itu selamanya sejarah itu dijunjung oleh bangsa Melayu. Jadi untuk menjadikan kosa kata sebagai bukti kahadiran bangsa asing di Alam Melayu adalah pandangan yang amat cetek serta dangkal dan salah. Kluster Sejarah. Britain tetap British. Jadi tuduhan bahawa turunan raja Chola adalah orang India adalah serong dan salah. 5. jitu atau bersih dari pengaruh kosa kata asing termasuk bahasa China apa lagi bahasa Inggeris dan semua bahasa dunia. Konsep malaysia sebagai neghara Melayu telah lama digunakan sejak Hose Rizal. *Dipetik dari : Profesor Datuk Dr Zainal Klin.
not warriors or fighters. THE CHINESE IN MALAYSIA Then along came the Chinese and many were actually Muslims as well. rivers. By then. Indians and Chinese had already been here 200 to 300 years.THE TRUE HISTORY OF MALAYSIA HISTORY OF CHINESE & INDIANS IN MALAYSIA As stated by Raja Petra Kamarudin A confusion has erupted due to ignorance. It is about much more than that. the locals were mostly Hindus while those from Negeri Sembilan were Buddhists. The Selangor Sultanate was founded in 1745. . save the Orang Asli (the Original People). you will find that this country’s history is not just about beggars and prostitutes. the sea.000 years before the Malays even heard of Islam? Okay. In short. This means Islam had ‘migrated’ to China about 1. In those days. Actually. Islam first reached China around 100 years after Prophet Muhammad. But these Arabs. migrated here from the Riau islands in Indonesia. Of course. whereas the Bugis from Riau only knew one occupation – fighting and plundering. The first Sultan. which was a noble profession back in those days where even Queen Elizabeth the First knighted those English pirates who plundered Spanish ships. many till today still do not understand Islam after more than 500 years. These were the people who brought Islam to this country. Therefore. Therefore. when the Rulers converted to Islam the people followed – although they may not have believed in Islam or understood the religion. the people followed their Rulers. Indians and Chinese were traders and merchants. Raja Lumu. plus many who worshipped trees.400 years ago. some even longer. It has been stated that the Indians came here as beggars and the Chinese as prostitutes. in the northern states bordering Thailand it was earlier than that. these Orang Asli would be the Maoris and in Australia the Aborigines. mountains and whatnot. they were pirates. The coming of the Arab and Indian merchants exposed the locals to Islam.300 to 1. 800 to 900 years earlier than Islam in Malaysia. At that time. anyone who is neither a Maori nor an Aborigine is a ‘pendatang’ or immigrant. In fact. (Refer to the Batu Bersurat discovered in Kuala Berang in Terengganu). In New Zealand. Malayan history has to be dissected into many periods. THE ARABS IN MALAYSIA The Arabs and the Indians (Muslims from Gujarat) came to Malaya more than 500 years ago as traders and merchants. if you were to really study Malayan and Malaysian history over the last 500 years or so. And each of these periods saw immigration involving almost all the races in Malaysia. of course. now take my family as an example. the Arabs. Is it not ironical that Malays call Chinese Muslims ‘mualaf’ when the Chinese were Muslims almost 1.
(Can’t remember if it was the 15th or 17th but it was around that). could enjoy all these services for free. would dare resist the Bugis who enjoyed killing (some Bugis still do today. being fighters. Anyway. 300 years ago this was the ‘tradition’ and still is in my case. It prospered and continued to prosper over more than 200 years from the 1800s. Actually. Invariably. all these tin mines were owned by the Sultan and members of his family — brothers. they had to travel up the Klang River. brothels and all sorts of businesses. Yes. Those who survived these brutal conditions were the exception rather than the rule. nephews. The place where they landed is the site of the famous Masjid Jamek in Kuala Lumpur. But Selangor was under Perak patronage. None of the traders . And he took the name of Sultan Salehuddin Shah. the Bugis. all the land in Selangor became ‘state property’. Yap Ah Loy bought up a lot of land in Kuala Lumpur and built his business empire. Do not members of the Selangor Royal Family fighting with their Ruler and going into exile sound very familiar to you? Yes. tin had already been discovered even before Raja Lumu became Sultan in 1745. sons. And of course. Of course. But now. Around 100 years later. took Selangor as their territory by the sheer force of its ‘army’. who although were here earlier. however. And who else to talk to if not the Chinese who had already been working those mines for hundreds of years? So members of the Selangor Royal Family went into ‘joint venture’ with the Chinese. long before the New Economic Policy in 1970. So the offending party was exiled and had to leave Riau. legal as well as illegal (illegal by today’s standards though). since Selango r had a ‘government’. even back in the 1800s the Chinese businessmen were already bribing the government officials. And that was when they came here in the 1700s and founded the Selangor Sultanate. just like they did in Perak. you could say that the Selangor Royal Family were the first to ‘invent’ the Ali Baba system back in the 1800s. only when Sultan Abdul Samad took over as the Fourth Sultan of Selangor in 1859 (he was born in 1804) did they properly organize the tin industry. Selangor eventually grew in prosperity. Raja Abdullah and Yap Ah Loy led the first expedition and they landed on the site where the Gombak River and Kelang River meet. And it was the Chinese who were working the tin mines. Kajang. Even the British Colonial ‘masters’ would patroni se Yap Ah Loy’s brothels to sample the latest ‘China Dolls’ brought in from the mainland. etc. to reach Ampang and those other surrounding rich tin areas. The Malay Royals would ‘arrange’ for the tin concessions and the Chinese would provide the labour force to work those concessions.In fact. There was a fight over a girl and the son of the local Ruler was killed in that fight. however. did not want to work those mines. So Raja Lumu had to make a trip to Lumut in Perak to get crowned as the First Sultan by the then 17th or so Sultan of Perak. the Bugis came here because of a sort of civil war in their home country. The British masters. From there they marched overland through the jungle into Ampang. New areas were opened up in Ampang. He opened bars. another rich tin state. And thereafter Kuala Lumpur was never the same again. the normal customers would have to pay for these vices. and whatnot. . So they needed people who were desperate enough to work those tin mines and were prepared to take the risk and probably lose the ‘gamble’. Rawang. In a way. And therefore the Chinese had to get permission from the Sultan before they could mine for tin. The Malays. as you may well be aware). Conditions were hard and diseases wiped out entire communities.
Malaya dislodged Brazil as the top rubber producer in the world. Indians and Chinese came to Malaya in great numbers. in the mid-1800s. that is the Chinese story. Then the British looked at Malaya and decided that the conditions (land. the Malay College Kuala Kangsar. This was more or less the second wave of mass migration. they needed schoolteachers who were proficient in the English language. Raja Abdullah is never mentioned. And it was for economic reasons and to provide the labour for jobs that the Malays would never do.Now. climate. But he was only able to do so because he had a ‘sleeping’ partner. who gave him all this land to develop. over to the Indians. while Yap Ah Loy has been entered into the history books as the ‘Founder of Kuala Lumpur’. came at about the time that Yap Ah Loy and Raja Abdullah were turning Kuala Lumpur into a thriving metropolis. The British had no choice but to close down the cocoa plantations. But that was incidental. Would you say that the White immigrants to America were all prostitutes? THE INDIANS IN MALAYSIA Now. So. from the mid-1800s to around 1920. Raja Abdullah. the Indian (and Arab) traders and merchants first came here more than 500 years ago and even brought Islam to this country. Furthermore. Then disaster struck. The price you would fetch for your cocoa was lower than your production cost. the British planters decided to switch over to rubber. the British planters were in Ceylon (Sri Lanka today) growing cocoa. As I said. the British. some did come here as prostitutes working for Yap Ah Loy. So. the Ceylonese workers were well trained and had been doing this work for years. Okay. Whenever frontier land is opened up the girls servicing these frontier-men follow – like in the Wild West of America. yes. Around that time. But there was no way they could get the Malays to work these cocoa estates. the British brought the now unemployed Ceylonese cocoa workers to this country to work the Malayan cocoa plantations. They also did some research and discovered a better way of planting rubber trees where the trees would give a better yield compared to the trees in Brazil. So they relocated their cocoa estates to Malaya. And because the British took advantage of research and technology. But this disease not only killed all the trees but contaminated the land as well. the British set up English medium schools for Malays.) in Malaya were the same as in Ceylon. Brazil over-planted cocoa and this triggered a worldwide glut. The only thing associated with Raja Abdullah is that road in Kampong Baru that carries his name. Invariably. And India offered a good source of English medium schoolteachers (Malays could not speak English yet at that time). etc. For example. So. But there were earlier and other migrations as well. Then a plant disease spread throughout the island and all the trees died. Eventually. Since Malaya had to close down all its cocoa plantations and it now had idle plantation land and surplus Ceylonese workers. who had mischievously smuggled rubber seeds out of Brazil (which was a crime then). But the ‘other’ Indians. the workers. around the late 1800s and early 1900s. At that time. was a school exclusive for sons of Royalty and the Malay elite. the Malayan rubber trees were more productive and profitable. Rubber planting in Brazil was haphazard and not properly organized. This means the land was now useless and it was not a matter of just replanting. It was no longer economical to plant cocoa. Yap Ah Loy may have been the capitalist who opened up Kuala Lumpur. . One such school. successfully grew rubber trees in the Kew Gardens in London.
On the commercial side. India? WE ARE ALL MALAYSIANS . there were many Indian businesses. So the Indians from the Chettiar community came here to set up moneylending businesses to service their community. When the Malayan rail network was being developed. where else to get the workers if not from the country with the largest railway in the world. workers and whatnot. But there was no way they could qualify for loans from British owned banks.
This action might not be possible to undo. Are you sure you want to continue?
We've moved you to where you read on your other device.
Get the full title to continue reading from where you left off, or restart the preview.