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Series 860

HYDRAULIC EQUATIONS
Friction Losses in Pipes (Hazen - Williams)

Metric Units
J = 1.131 * 10 9

U.S. Units
1.852 -4.87 *D *L

( )

Q C

J = 10.45 *

( )

Q C

1.852

*D

-4.87

*L

Head Loss Flow Rate H.W. Factor

J [m W.C.] Q [m 3 / h] C steel pipes = 100 - 125 C plastic pipes = 150 D [mm] L [m]

J [ft W.C.] Q [U.S. gpm] C steel pipes = 100 - 125 C plastic pipes = 150 D [inch] L [ft]

Pipe Diameter Pipe Length

example
Q = 100 m 3 / h C = 135 D = 150 mm L = 200 m Q = 400 U.S. gpm C = 135 D = 6" L = 600 ft

J = 1.131 * 10 9 = 3.3 m

100 135

1.852 -4.87 * D * 200

J = 10.45 * = 7.6 ft

400 135

1.852

*6

-4.87

* 600

( = 0.33 bar )

( = 1.6 psi )

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Tel.: 972-3-9258500

Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

1.1

Series 860
Average Velocity in Pipes

Metric Units
v = 353.7 * Average Flow Velocity Flow Rate Internal Pipe Diameter v [m / s] Q [m 3 / h] D [mm] Q D2

U.S. Units
v = 0.4085 * v [ft / s] Q [U.S. gpm] D [inch] Q = 400 U.S. gpm D = 6" v = 0.4085 * 400 = 4.5 ft / s 62 Cv = Cv Q [U.S. gpm] dp [psi] Q dp Q = 400 U.S. gpm dp = 3 psi Cv = 400 = 231 3
Tel.: 972-3-9258500

Q D2

example
Q = 100 m 3 / h D = 150 mm v = 353.7 * Factor Flow Rate Head Loss 100 = 1.6 m / s 150 2

Head Loss Factor in Valves

Metric Units
Kv = Kv Q [m 3 / h] dp [bar] Q dp

U.S. Units

example
Q = 100 m 3 / h dp = 0.2 bar Kv = 100 = 224 0.2

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

1.2

Series 860
Screen Sizes (approximately)

Metric Units
mesh = 15000 d

U.S. Units
mesh = 600 d

Aperture in Screen

d [microns]

d [mils]

example 1
d = 250 microns (= 0.25 mm) d = 10 mils (= 0.01")

mesh =

15000 = 60 250

mesh =

600 = 60 10

example 2
mesh = 60 d= 15000 = 250 microns (= 0.250 mm) 60 mesh = 60 d= 600 = 10 mils (= 0.010") 60

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Tel.: 972-3-9258500

Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

1.3

Series 860
Flow Velocity in Gravel / Sand Filters

Metric Units
v = 1.273 * 10
6

U.S. Units
v = 1470 * Q D2

Q D2

Average Flow Velocity Flow Rate Filter Diameter

v [m / h] Q [m 3 / h] D [mm]

[ft / h] Q [U.S. gpm] D [inch]

( or 183.4 * Q D

U.S. gpm sq. ft

example
Q = 50 m 3 / h D = 900 mm Q = 200 U.S. gpm D = 36"

v = 1.273 * 10 = 78.6 m / h

* 900 2

50

v = 1470 *

200 36 2 = 227 ft / h = 28.3 U.S. gpm sq. ft

( 183.4 * 200 36

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Tel.: 972-3-9258500

Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

1.4

Series 860
CONVERSION TABLES Metric Units LENGTH
To Convert millimeter (mm) centimeter (cm) meter (m) kilometer (km) meter (m) into inch inch inch mile feet Multiply by 0.03937 0.3937 39.37 0.6215 3.281

U.S. Units
To Convert inch inch inch mile feet into millimeter (mm) centimeter (cm) meter (m) kilometer (km) meter (m) Multiply by 25.4 2.54 0.0254 1.609 0.3048

AREA
To Convert square cm (cm 2 ) square meter (m 2 ) square meter (m 2 ) hectare (ha) acre dunam hectare (ha) into square inch square inch square feet square meter square meter square meter dunam Multiply by 0.155 1550 10.76 10000 4047 1000 10 To Convert square inch square inch square feet square meter square meter square meter dunam into square cm (cm 2 ) square meter (m 2 ) square meter (m 2 ) hectare (ha) acre dunam hectare (ha) Multiply by 6.4516 0.0006452 0.0929 0.0001 0.0002471 0.001 0.1

VOLUME
To Convert liter (l) liter (l) liter (l) liter (l) cubic cm (cc) cubic m (m 3 ) cubic cm (cc) into cubic inch cubic feet U.S. gallon U.K. gallon cubic inch liter (l) liter (l) Multiply by 61.024 0.03531 0.2642 0.22 0.06102 1000 0.001 To Convert cubic inch cubic feet U.S. gallon U.K. gallon cubic inch fluid oz. U.S. gallon into liter (l) liter (l) liter (l) liter (l) cubic cm (cc) U.S. gallon fluid oz. Multiply by 0.01639 28.32 3.785 4.5455 16.387 0.0078 128

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Tel.: 972-3-9258500

Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

2.1

Series 860
Metric Units FLOW RATE
To Convert liter / second (l/s) liter / second (l/s) liter / hour (lph) into cubic meter / hr U.S. gpm U.S. gpm Multiply by 3.6 15.85 0.0044 4.403

U.S. Units
To Convert into Multiply by 0.2778 0.06309 227.1

cubic meter / hr liter / second (l/s) U.S. gpm U.S. gpm U.S. gpm liter / second (l/s) liter / hour (lph)

cubic meter / hour (m3/h) U.S. gpm

cubic meter / hour (m3/h) 0.2271

VELOCITY
To Convert meter / second (m/s) meter / second (m/s) m 3 / h / m 2 (=m/h) into feet / second mile / hour U.S. gpm / sqft Multiply by 3.28 0.44704 0.409 To Convert feet / second mile / hour into meter / second (m/s) meter / second (m/s) Multiply by 0.30488 2.2369 2.44

U.S. gpm / sqft m 3 / h / m 2 (=m/h)

ENERGY
To Convert kilowatt kilowatt into HP - metric HP - U.S. Multiply by 1.36 1.34 To Convert HP - metric HP - U.S. into kilowatt kilowatt Multiply by 0.736 0.746

PRESSURE / HEAD
To Convert meter (w.c.) kg / cm 2 kg / cm 2 kg / cm 2 bar bar bar W.C. = Water Column into kPascal (kpa) meter (w.c.) kPascal (kpa) p.s.i. p.s.i. millibar MPascal (Mpa) Multiply by 9.807 10 98.068 14.2 14.5 1000 0.1 To Convert kPascal (kpa) meter (w.c.) kPascal (kpa) p.s.i. p.s.i. millibar MPascal (Mpa) into meter (w.c.) kg / cm 2 kg / cm 2 kg / cm 2 bar bar bar Multiply by 0.102 0.1 0.0102 0.0703 0.0689 0.001 10

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Tel.: 972-3-9258500

Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

2.2

Series 860

Metric Units WEIGHT


To Convert kilogram (kg) gram (gr) gram (gr) kilogram (kg) kilogram (kg) into pounds (lb.) milligram (mg) once (oz) long ton (2240 lbs) short ton (2000 lbs) Multiply by 2.20464 1000 0.03527 0.000984 0.001102

U.S. Units
To Convert pounds (lb.) milligram (mg) once (oz) long ton (2240 lbs) short ton (2000 lbs) into kilogram (kg) gram (gr) gram (gr) kilogram (kg) kilogram (kg) Multiply by 0.4536 0.001 28.35 1016 907.2

CONCENTRATION
To Convert percent (%) ml / liter ml / m 3 into p.p.m. p.p.m. p.p.m. Multiply by 10000 1000 1 To Convert p.p.m. p.p.m. p.p.m. into percent (%) ml / liter ml / m 3 Multiply by 0.0001 0.001 1

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Tel.: 972-3-9258500

Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

2.3

Series 860
GLOSSARY ENGLISH
Air valve Algae Application rate Array Backflushing Battery Bleeder Bolt Booster pump Brass Cap Cast iron Cavitation Check valve Cleaning Clogging Coating Collection chamber Concrete floor Configuration Connection Depth filtration Differential pressure Diffuser Dirt Downstream Drain valve Dripper Efficiency End connection Exit Fertilizer Fertilizing tank Filter Filter cartridge Filter element Filter grade Filter housing Filtration Flow velocity Flushing valve Flange Galvanized Gasket Gravel filter

SPANISH
vlvula de aire (ventosa) Algas Tasa de aplicain Batera Retrolavado Pila Purgador Tornillo Bomba de elevacin Latn Capuchn Hierro fundido Cavitacin Vlvulade retencin Limieza Obturacin Recubrimiento Cmara de sedimentacin Base de hormign Configuracin Conexin Filtracin profunda presin diferencial Difusor Suciedad Aguas abajo Vlvula de drenaje Gotero Eficiencia Conexin final Salida Fertilizante Tanque fertilizador Filter Estuche del filtro Elemento de filtrado Grado de filtracin Caja del filtro Filtacin Velocidad de flujo Vlvula de lavado Brida Galvanizaso Empaquetadura, Junta Filtro de grava

FRENCH
Soupape a air (ventouse) Algues Dbit rel Batterie Contre lavage Pile Purgeur Boulon Pompe d`appoint Laiton Capuchon Fonte Cavitation Vanne d`arret Nettoyage Obturation, colmatage Revtement Chambre collectrice Base en bton Configuration Connexion, raccord Filtration en profondeur Pression diffrentielle Diffuseur Crasse Aval Vanne de vidange Goutteur Efficacit Connection terminale Sortie Engrais Bac d`engrais Filtre Cartouche de filtre Elment de filtration Degr de filtration Embotage de filtre Filtration Vitesse d`coulement Vanne de rinage Bride Galvanis Joint Filtre graviers

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Tel.: 972-3-9258500

Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

3.1

Series 860

ENGLISH
Headloss Hydrocyclone Impurities Injection Inlet In/out Iron sludge Irrigation Lid, cover Limiter Manual flushing Mesh Modular filter head Nipple Normally closed Normally open Outlet Particles Pipe Pre-filtering Pressostat Pressure gauge Pressure reducer Pressure sustainer Quick-acting Range Rotate Rubber Sand filter Screen Sediments Seal Shut-off Silt Steel Stainless steel Tap Three-way Thread Upstream Water hammer Water network

SPANISH
Prdida de carga Hidrocicln Impurezas Inyeccin Entrada Dentro/fuera Lodo de hierro Irrigacin Tapa Limitador Lavado manual Malla Capezal modular de filtrado Niple Normalmente cerrado Normalmente abierto Salida Partculas Tubo, Cano Pre-filtrado Presostato Manmetro Reductor de presin Sostenedor de presin Accionamiento rpido Rango Girar Goma, Caucho Filtro de arena Malla Sedimientos Retn Cierre Limo Acero Acero inoxidable Grifo Tres-vas Rosca Aguas Arriba Golpe de ariete Red de agua

FRENCH
Pert de charge Hydrocyclone Impurets Injection Entre Entre/sortie Dpt ferreux Irrigation Couvercle Limiteur Lavage manuel Maille Tte de filtration modulaire Embout Normalment ferm Normalment ouvert Sortie Particules Tuyau Presiltration Pressostate Manomtre Rducteur de pression Mainteneur de pression Action rapide Plage Tourner Caoutchouc Filter sable Tamis Sdiments Joint Arrt Limon Acier Acier inoxydable Robinet Trois-voies Filetage Amont Coup de blier Rseau de distribution d`eau
Tel.: 972-3-9258500 Fax.: 972-3-9249023 Fourth Edition

20, Hayetsira St., P.O.B. 3137, Kiryat-Arye, Petach-Tikva 49130, Israel E-mail: odis@odis.co.il Visit us at http://www.odis.co.il

Copyright 1993-2004, By ODIS Irrigation Equipment Ltd., All Rights Reserved.

05/04

3.2