Oracle Work In Process

Oracle Work in Process is the core of Oracle’s Discrete Manufacturing Solution. Oracle Work in Process by itself provides a complete production management system that improves productivity, quality, and responsiveness while maximizing throughput and production. In conjunction with other modules within Oracle Discrete Manufacturing foot print, Oracle Work in Process provides support for enterprise wide quality management, lot and serial genealogy and traceability and support for various methods of planning and cost accounting, irrespective of whether your entire manufacturing is in-house or you use services of contract manufacturers.

Discrete Jobs
Definite quantity of job used to manufacture the quantity. II. Types of Jobs i. Standard ii. Non- Standard Standard Job will have the assembly with the defined Bill, Routing structure from BOM. Job Type of Standard identifies the job as being: A discrete job that controls the material and operation requirements used to build assemblies and collect manufacturing costs Nonstandard Job Type identifies the job as being:A discrete job that controls the material and collects costs for miscellaneous activities, such as: Rework Field service repair Upgrade Disassemble Maintenance Engineering prototypes

WIP Accounting Classes
WIP Accounting classes are used to assign valuation and variance accounts for jobs. The data below Shows the wip accounting classes to be used for different type of jobs in SSL. S.No -------- Discrete Job Type --------------------WIP Accounting Class 1 ------------Standard -------------------------------Standard 2 ------------Non Standard Asset --------------------Non Std A 3 ------------Non Standard Expense -----------------Non Std Ex

Supply Type
i. Based on Bill Components required for the Bill has to be issued. Method of issuing the components is given as supply type in Bill of Material. If we can use the same , select based on Bill. ii. Push If all the components to be used as PUSH type, select PUSH. In PUSH, we need to issue the components through WIP Component Issue transactions before starting the Job. iii. Operation Pull Components Issue will be taken care of by the system itself. Once the operation is completed, required components will be pulled from the mentioned supply subinventory .

iv. if necessary. manually issue specific bulk components to a discrete job or repetitive schedule. Enter Receipts window Move transactions imported through the Open Move Transaction Interface can also create backflush transactions. Assembly Pull Once the assembly is completed. Reverse backflush transactions can be created as you do the following: o reverse operation completion transactions using the Move Transactions window o return completed assemblies from inventory to jobs and schedules using the Completion Transactions o move and return assemblies from inventory to jobs and schedules using the Move Transactions window o return or correct transaction receipts in the Enter Returns or Enter Corrections windows in Oracle Purchasing. Inventory Transactions Interface can also create backflush transactions.Bulk Bulk component requirements can be viewed and are displayed on reports. v. the supply subinventory balance is forced negative even if the Oracle Inventory Allow Negative Balance parameter is set to No. issue and return pull components to and from jobs and schedules to inventory using the 'Specific Component' option in WIP Material Transactions window Backflush Supply Subinventories and Locators Sufficient inventory must exist in a component's source subinventory and locator for backflush transactions to complete successfully. They can be used to communicate to the shop floor that bulk components must be used but need not be transacted.Bulk supply type components are not backflushed nor do they default when issuing all components for an assembly. Backflush transactions can be launched by: o completing assemblies at operations using the Move Transactions window o moving and completing assemblies into inventory using the Move Transactions window o completing assemblies into inventory using the Completion Transactions window o receiving assemblies from an outside processing operation using the Oracle Purchasing. The one exception is if the component you are backflushing is under lot. or lot and . Additional Information: Backflushing reduces the number of manual material transactions required to process the discrete jobs and repetitive schedules. If there is insufficient on-hand inventory to satisfy backflush demand. Reverse Backflush Transactions You can reverse backflush transactions and automatically return backflushed components back to inventory. Move transactions imported through the Oracle Work in Process Open Move Transaction Interface can also reverse backflush transactions as can return transactions imported through the Inventory Transaction Interface. Return back components after Operation Pull and Assembly Pull Backflush transactions 'pull' components with Operation Pull and Assembly Pull supply types from inventory onto jobs and repetitive schedules. required components for that assembly will be pulled from the given supply subinventory. For example. however. pull components that are backflushed as you move assemblies forward in a routing are automatically returned to inventory when you move assemblies backwards. Supplier Issue of item by supplier. Transactions imported through the Oracle Inventory. need not to transact this item . Note: You can. vi . It is only for reference only to the WIP Person as this component need not to be used. serial. we can.

Move transaction. To ensure adequate supply for backflush transactions. the system uses the supply subinventory and locator specified by the WIP Backflush Supply Subinventory and Locator Parameters when components are backflushed. 8. a window “ Backflush” will popup.What are the three transaction available in WIP? Ans: Material transaction. 9. there we can select serial numbers. Ans: no need to perform any transaction. Ans: The assembly will be serial control. the lot based resources will be charged. the system always defaults the revision based on the item's current revision as of the date of the transaction. Supply subinventories and locator can be defined at the item or bill of material component level. If they are not defined. 6. they are serial controled. .In a assembly. 5. it has been defined as concurrent. one of the item has supply type = bulk. 4. WIP: Define discrete job.In an assembly. the move transaction does not allow me to complete in that screen iteself? What will be the problem. Ans: During move transaction. 2. how we can select the serial numbers.In profile option. it is just a label.For an assembly.What are the two types of scheduling available in WIP? Ans: Dynamic lead time offsetting and Detailed scheduling.Explain shopfloor status? Ans: Shop floor status are control move transactions which can be assigned to interaoperations steps. Which intra operation steps might you want to enable if you have a just-in-time production environment? Ans: You would probably enable only Run and To Move to model your environment. what transaction should i perform. WIP-Questions 1. Revision Control For component items under revision control.When the lot based resource gets charged? Ans: When the first unit is moved. While creating a Discrete order. In this case you cannot complete the backflush transaction until you select a subinventory and locator that contains a sufficient quantity of valid lot and/or serial numbered items. all the components have supply type as operational pull. You cannot move more assemblies than are available at a routing operation. you can replenish supply subinventories and locators as required. 10. therefore you have to complete it in completion transaction screen only 7. what concurrent will be running? Ans: WIP concurrent exploder. Resource transaction. During move transaction. a) True b) False 3.serial number control.

What is repetative schedule? Ans: Repetative schedule builts an assembly on a line at specifited production rate and for specified number of days.Etc 21. Which status in discrete job cannot be reversed? Ans: Complete – No charges 12.For a purchased item.How can we add material and Resource in a discrete job? What is the implicaiton of this action on bills and routing? Ans: In Job / Schedule details we can add materials and resource for the particulat order.In Repetative schedule. Backward and Midpoint.What are the different rescheduling options available in WIP? Ans: Forward . What is the facility given by oracle to do the above scenario? Ans: Use “Simulate discrete Job” 22. 17. it will be shown in pending transaction. we have to manually enter. 14. 15. I want to convert that into discrete job.11. their qty.What are the controls available to generate requisitions during OSP process? Ans: In WIP Parameters. 16. Operation start time of OSP operation (Queue Stage in OSP). 19. After checking.At the . while associating line and assembly. This will be effect for this order only. This might be drawing conventions.Which field in Discrete job is non.I use Substitute items in WIP material transaction? a) True b) False 23. How to specify this in a bill? Ans: Use reference designators to generate a range of Notion numbers with referencing to the specific operations. In an assembly. what will happen if we enter hourly prodcution rate higher than the maximum hourly rate defined in production line? Ans: An error message will pupulate and wont allow to enter quantity greater than maximum hourly rate defined in production. how “processing lead time” is calculated in WIP? Ans: WIP won't calculate “Processing lead time” for purchased item. the routing & availability of child assemblies in Inventory.I want to check what are all the components used for final assembly. same component is used in operation 10 (first) & 50 (last).In OSP. what will happen if we receive quantity greater than PO quantity? Ans: we cannot close the job.editable before saving? Ans: UOM 13. 20. general informations.. 18. Engineering BOM and Manufacturing BOM has no effect.How can you reverse manual resource charges? Ans: You can manually charge the same resource to the job or schedule and enter a negative value in the Units Applied field.

During manufacturing of pen. 10. since MRP does not consider existing schedules.Assembly 20 -Cleaning 30.Labeling 40.In a Routing. Standard lot based.What is the difference between “ Complete” and “ Close” ? Ans: S. the WIP value gets decremented and Inventory value gets incremented When closed. Inspection. What setup to be done to manufacture and sell both pen and refill ( instead of defining two seperate items for refill) Ans: Create items Pen and refill with supply type push / pull Creat bill for pen. ( partial move transaction) a) Yes b) No 25. Hence whenever occasional need calls.Create Discrete JOB for 10 nos.Client is Pen manufacturer. Expense non-standard. Repetitive. How to designate this requirement? Ans:In standard operation. Cleaning is always done but non-critical. Add this operation to the Job by Job/Schedule Operations.Can we add an operation after it starting prodction.Inspection 50. not always be done. Cleaning – Disable “ Count Point” & Select “ Auto charge”. & 20. refill is one of the component and it is non stocked . ( this will effect this particular bill only) 3.Here 40. Hence these are requested not to be done while performing “ Move transaction “ in-order to have less manual effort.. 5. attach refill as its one of the component. Maintenance. 40.Explain the status “ Pending Mass loaded” in Repetative schedule Ans: The out put of MRP will be “ Pending Mass loaded” . Hence this rejected qty not to be considered while booking sales order? What setup to be done so that can be avoided? Ans: Create a Sub-Inventory and disable “Allow reservation – No”. complete only 5 leave the remaining is Rejection. Count point & Auto charge to be disabled. 2. (Call it as Rejection sub . he sells pens and refills (as spare). This way can skip that particular operation. the details are transferred to GL 2 Valuation accounts gets hit Variance account gets hit 4. Descriptive Questions 1. Manual 24. 20. Expense non standard lot based. an items’ manufacturing process is as per below. Asset non-standard.What are the types of WIP accounting class available in Oracle? Ans: Standard. Change the default supply tpe to Phantom. This will not default this particular operation in the move transaction. Inspection is an occasional operation.No Complete Close 1 When completed. He uses discrete manufacturing for his production.time of creation of Job/schedule.Packing .

Can i complete an assembly with out order? Explain in detail Ans: Yes. so as rejected components can be moved here while Making “Move transaction” Can check in the Availability window in the sales order screen. In Workorder less completion we can complete an assembly with out order. 6. –There is a shop floor status preventing movement from the To Move step of the last operation in the routing.No Standard DJ Non-Standard DJ 1 Standard DJ controls material and operation required to build assemblies and collect manufacturing cost Non-standard DJ controls miscellaneous activities eg: Rework. WIP assembly return.How to unclose an order. –The item is not transact able 7.inventory) Assign this DJ – Routing __ completion sub inv. Tools--> Unclose. WIP return from scrap.what is the difference between Standard and Non-standard discrete jobs? Ans: S. Available to reserve qty. 10. The prequestes are a) Job status should be closed. Ther are 4 options available: WIP assembly compeltion . –The job/schedule status prevents transactions.What are some reasons Oracle Work in Process would prevent you from performing a completion transaction? Ans: There is no available quantity in the To Move step of the last operation in the routing. WIP assembly scrap. b) Accounting period should be open . repair 2 Assembly in mandatory Assembly is not mandatory 3 We can “ Firm” Cannot check “ Firm” 4 Bill reference field is grey out Can enter item / assembly 5 Revision is not optional Revision is mandatory if the assembly has revision 6 Both Valuation and variance will be hit Only Variance will be hit 8.What are the status of DJ ( both user status and Processing status) Ans S. what are the prequestes for forecast Ans: In Close Discrete jobs form query with the order number.No User status Processing Status 1 Unreleased Pending routing load 2 released Failed routing load Complete Pending bill load Complete – No charge Failed bill load Cancel Pending scheduling Hold Pending closed Closed Failed close 9.

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