BOILER AUTOMATION

INTRODUCTION:-

Today’s Industrial environment is changing from manual to semiautomation and semi-automation to fully automation. In all these feasibility’s process control plays a vital role. Also most probably the process Control is via analog, digital circuitry. The designer selects the appropriate system, depending upon the usefulness & cost to performance ratio. Boiler automation & control is our proposed project. Here the steam pressure & temperature are sensed, indicated and controlled separately. The boiler system will be working only when temp and pressure are within safe limits Boilers are available in two basic designs. 1) Fire Tube Boiler 2) Water Tube Boiler Our aim is to prove the automation in boilers; hence source of heat is not so importance. After excessive heat exit valve should be open or heat sourcing element should be stop. In boiler automation following process parameters are too controlled. 1) Temperature of steam 2) Pressure of steam 3) Water level in the drum
BLOCK DIAGRAM ADC SV 1 BOILER SV 2 PT 100 Pressure Sensor Level Sensor CV1 Heater Switching Block Relay Driver & Relay Regulated Power Supply Signal Conditioning Signal Conditioning Comparator Pressure Display Temp Display

ADC Comparator

resistance. This indicated signal is also available at one of the input of comparator. It converts the pressure in to electrical signal i. mill volt. The set point is generated on the same board. This is then calibrated and signal conditioned in the signal condition block.SV1:. As the comparator o/p is low the relay will be off and the solenoid valve will be off till the pressure reaches the set point. Hence level sensors are installed inside the water drum. As the pressure increases the millivolts increases and vice versa. to achieve the well work efficiency. This steam is used for rotating the turbines. It is also shown on ADC.Solenoid valve for outlet. The important requirement in the boiler application is that it should produce steam at high temperature and pressure. the temp and the pressure of the steam is sensed by the sensors. In ADC analog signal is converted onto digital form and shown on the digital display. set point. It becomes OFF when the actual temp goes below set point. Depending upon the comparator inputs its o/p is toggles between high and low. This is given to ADC for indication purpose. BLOCK DIAGRAM DESCRIPTION:As shown in the block dia. We are using the heater as the heat sourcing element. BOILER WORKING:The control system is made ON as and when required. For this purpose we have use the pressure gauge. This is given to ADC for indication purpose. As the steam pressure goes above set point by 1 Kg/cm2 then solenoid valve will be ON again. This is then calibrated and signal conditioned in the signal condition block. As the steam temp goes below set point by 20C then heater will be ON again.e. The comparator has one more input i. It becomes ON when the actual pressure crosses set point.Solenoid valve for drain outlet. This happens repeatedly and thus pressure control of the steam has been done. SV2:. The set point is generated on the same board. This indicated signal is also available at one of the input of comparator. It is also shown on ADC. Also in addition we have observed the steam pressure so as to take the safety cautions.e.e.e. As the comparator o/p is low the relay will be off and the heater will be made ON till the temp reaches the set point. Strain gauge type sensor is used for pressure sensing. 0C in terms of milivolts is received. In ADC analog signal is converted onto digital form and shown on the digital display. This happens repeatedly and thus temp control of the steam has been done. As the water level decreases the solenoid valve is open and water . The comparator has one more input i. which is useful for running the process plants. Water level in a boiler drum is also important. set point.Solenoid valve for level inlet. PT 100 is used for temp sensing. SV3:. Here the pressure in terms of mili volts is received. As the temp increases the resistance increases and vice versa. Depending upon the comparator inputs its o/p is toggles between high and low. Here the temp. It converts the temp in to electrical signal i.

As level in the drum increases the solenoid is closed.passes in the drum . Also this level is indicated by LED lamps. APPLICATIONS:    Sugar Industry Paper Industry Pharmaceutical Industry Chemical industry . Thus boiler automation is achieved with the help of the electronic circuitry.

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