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Network ========= It is a group of devices interconnected to each other to share resources among them.

A network can be divided into various types they are 1.LAN- Local Area Network 2.MAN- Metro Area Network 3.WAN- Wide Area Network 4.CAN- Campus Area Network 5.PAN- Personel Area Network 1.Local Area Network ====================== This network is confined to a single building or an organization. The components which you are using to create LAN 1.PC 2.NIC/Ethernet Card/LAN Card 3.Cable 4.RJ-45 5.HUB/SWITCH 2.Metro Area Network ==================== A metro area network is confined to city limits. The components which we can use in metro area network 1.WAP - Wireless Access Point 2.Cable Network 3.Wide Area Network ==================== This network is not confine it is through out the world. The components which you are using WAN is 1.Routers 2.ATM Switches

PAN ======= This network is confine to the devices which are personel. Network Applications ===================== 1.Frame Relay Switches 4.Messenger 5.Uptime of the network should be high 3. The components or technology which we are using 1.POP -Telnet . This network is confine to Mobile to PDA PDA to Labtop The example of this network is BlueTooth Network Characterstics ======================= 1.Browser 2.Wi-Fi 5.ISDN Switches 4.Database Appln Network Topology ================= Topology defines how the network designed .Security. That is how the network devi -http -SMTP.3.Terminal Emulation 4.Outlook Express 3.Reliability .Campus Area Network ============================= This network is confine to a single university or a college.CAN .The network should not contain virus.Cost of the network should be Affordable 4.Cost .Speed -Bandwidth of the Network should be more 2.

Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 3. Single point failure will be occuring in this topology 2. Single point failure will not be there.Star ======== In this kind of topology all the systems are connected to a single devic es that is hub or switch. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.Bus Topology 2. . If a central device fails then only total network goes down.Star Topology 3.ces are arranged. There are various types of Topologies which we find. 1.Ring ========= In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media. Collisions will be more in this kind of topology.Ring Topology 4.Mesh Topology 1.Bus ======== In this kind of Topology all devices are connected to a single media.

4. There is not single point failure will be there This is very expensive .Mesh Topology =============== In a mesh topogly each and every systems is connected with every system of that network.