THE INDIAN IDENTITY

A wonderful, awesome, spectacular book. Each and every one of the fifteen essays is worth your time and lends a different perspective into India. I love the way Sen writes and also the way he explains his views. The book was educational to say the least; It talks about how India and its “Argumentative tradition” played and still plays a part in development, science, art, literature etc. The illustrations and examples drawn across various epochs lend clarity and force the arguments home. According to me it is a must read, especially today, where our Unity seems threatened because of sectarianism in politics(so much so that it has started to spill over on to the internet, even in youtube!). India is a nation which has come forward because of its diversity and also because it has had space for people to question tradition and explore other alternatives(blandly put, there are no stakes for people

second being the history and Tata’s achievements and Indian industrial revolutionaries. coffee. Amartya Sen really admires the Tata’s for their work and objective in India especially in Iron and Steel Industry. and was so hesitant in the field that were the pillar of british establishment to wit cotton textile and iron and steel. mercantile establishments. First being to be a part of such a ceremony is always special. railways. .the second one in Delhi). He says about British investments in tea.He appreciates the opportunity for several different reasons. mining.who dare to oppose) and of course its ever evolving culture This chapter mainly starts with the Dorab Tata Memorial Lectures given in India(the first one in Mumbai . third being some personal reason. Mr.

That is because Sen uses it.There were lots of companies in Britain in Manchester and elsewhere there is a good deal of empirical evidence of the pattern of British establishments in India.D. The main aim of J. Creating an institution that would tutor Indians in the sciences . along with "exoticist" and "curatorial.R.Tata’s main aim was to 1. fields treated by Orientalists as "Western spheres of success.Generating hydroelectric power 3." to describe the three perspectives from which the West has tended to view India (each of which he dissects and discredits with precision and finesse). scientific. He is particularly critical of the Western overemphasis on India's religiosity at the expense of any recognition of the country's equally impressive rationalist.Setting up an iron and steel company 2." Here the author mainly emphasises on the tatas that brought the industrial revolution in the country and gave a stiff competition to others. mathematical and secular heritage.

J.D. Hydroelectric Power Plant in Bombay 5.Taj Mahal hotel estabilished in 1903 4.D.Tata came up with the :1. Empress mills established in 1877 2.R.Tata even accomplish their objective to give india an identity of industrial sector.J.R. Svadeshi mills estabilished in 1886 3. Lord Curzon and the cooperation of the transport arrangement thus industrial production hence became easier through infrastructural . Iron and Steel Plant in Jamshedpur 1903 jamshetji had received support of the new viceroy of India.

not only to pay a tribute to one of the leaders of the events described .but also because it illustrates how our sense of identity and social motivation can indeed play a major role in the determination of our behaviour. but also the people have played a major .development. Evidences says that not only jamsetji or dorab ji and others pursue industrial future of India . In particular. the shift in the government policy certainly changed the Indian trade scenario.Britain was displaced from its semi monopoly position of exporting Iron and steel to India. Tata’s was on a roll then by 1906 dorabji progressed enough to the London money market bt they were unenthusiastic thus there is a link of Indian Identity and Nationalism. When the prospectus of Iron and steel was made in 1907 the svadeshi movement was loud and clear. This brief history is worth recollecting. including economic behaviour.

the clock and the iron chain suspension bridge. and advances in mathematics-but he is conspicuously silent about how the unprecedented scale of today's globalization. "different regions of the world have [benefited] from progress and development occurring in other regions." Throughout history. the decimal system." zero. with its pace and engine of change. the wheelbarrow and the rotary fan. Sen acknowledges that economic globalization poses risks to the vulnerable and the disadvantaged and his prescriptions appear close to the neo-liberal line: It's inescapable. He warns us against the temptation to see globalization as a "one-sided movement that simply reflects an asymmetry of power which needs to be resisted. and powerful corporations. might differ from that of an earlier age. rapid demographic shifts. instant flights of capital. the crossbow and gunpowder. so let's try to make it more humane and just. Rather than isolating itself or blaming the .role in making things happen. the kite and the magnetic compass." He points out that a millennium ago this movement occurred in the reverse direction-with "paper and printing.

He writes: "Global economic interactions bring general benefits. He has used part of his Nobel Prize money to fund development research in India and Bangladesh. tackle specific ills that arise from it. women's education." If (a big if) these were addressed—Sen seems to suggest— economic globalization should create few problems. He favors safety nets and well conceived social welfare programs that do less harm than good (who can disagree. but they can also create problems for many." But Sen's analysis is not without its flaws. through smart public policies."shark" of globalization. communication. This is simplistic . as well as invest in education. He has persuasively argued that development should be measured not by GDP but in terms of "real freedoms people can enjoy. India should get behind it and. and infrastructure (like energy. transportation). but here Sen betrays no awareness that this old problem is known to ensnare even the best kind of reasoning). health care. micro-credit. because of inadequacies of global arrangements as well as limitations of appropriate domestic policies. land reforms.

or trade one serious illness for another.at best. makes us more realistic about its effects. and brought to us by the colonials. This recognition. Sen demolishes this thought and points out how the twin . rational. questions and dialogues have characterised Indian thought. His book makes us realise how scientific temper has been the hallmark of Indian thought over the millennia. Hardly! Sen makes the telling point that since the Upanishadic or Mahabharata times. We often tend to think of science and scientific temper as Western. provides sobering examples that contrast with many of Sen's sanguine assumptions about "the crooked timber of humanity". far from turning us against globalization. Problems can also come from a culture's unpredictable response to it. in herWorld . arguments. disputations. since the reader might expect Indians to be portrayed as loquacious and quarrelsome in the book. Factoring in culture. The title is a bit of a tease. What novel set of beliefs will it provoke? Will they be broadly liberal. Amy Chua. and conducive to economic success? Can we say how the dust will settle? The patient may get worse.

features of internal pluralism and external receptivity have been woven into the development of Indian thought over the ages. .

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