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Laying Out Roofs
You create roofs much like you do floors: from a sketch resulting from either drawn lines or picked walls. And as with floors, if you pick the exterior walls as a reference, then moving the walls will move the corresponding edges of the roof. Roofs can also be created in elevation (which we'll get to in a bit). Roofs tend to slope, for a lot of good reasons. Let's create some roofs and investigate a few slope options.
Let's start by adding a roof to the same walls you used in the previous floor exercise. First, return to your Level 1 plan view. Select the Roof tool and choose Roof By Footprint. At this point, Revit will automatically ask you to select levels this roof is going to be associated with; select Level 3. Once again, you don't have to pick all the walls individually or sketch all the roof boundary lines. Select the Pick Walls option. Then hover over one of the exterior walls and press the Tab key to select the entire chain. When you select the entire chain of walls at once, all of the roof boundary lines will be created. Note the icon with the double arrows. Clicking this icon will flip the boundary lines to the inside or outside of the wall face. Click this icon to move all the boundary lines to the inside of the wall's faces.
Since this will be a sloped roof, you can make the slope perpendicular to the left edge by deselecting the Defines Slope check box for all the other lines. Now define the slope of the left edge with a 1/12 rise over run (about 8 percent). Finish the sketch and look at the project in 3D. While the roof begins at Level 3 and has the proper slope, it's immediately obvious that the walls don't extend beyond the roof. Revit excels here at helping your team during the design process. Rather than not anticipate a potential conflict, you're able to identify conflicts earlier rather than later so you can resolve them before other design issues create circular conflicts. Select all the walls (using the Tab key to select the entire chain) and set Top Constraint to Level 4 in the Properties palette. The results will resemble Figure 4.18.
you'll notice that a single slope proceeds across the roof.Page 2 of 7 FIGURE 4. 07/05/2012 ..com.ca/print?xmlid=9781.safaribooksonline. The tail of the slope arrow must reside on the boundary of the sketch.. Note the Height Offset At Head value is set to 6′ [ 2m]. Another option to determine the slope of a roof is using slope arrows. Make sure you uncheck the Define Slope option edges of the roof to see the full effect of using the Slope Arrow.19 Sloping the roof for the When you finish the sketch.18 Adjusting the wall height Select the roof and reenter Sketch mode. A single slope in this direction would be nearly impossible to specify without slope arrows. and they will also allow you to specify the levels of the arrow at both the head and tail.torontopubliclibrary. FIGURE 4. But the head of the slope arrow may point in practically any direction! Add a slope arrow as shown in Figure 4. http://proquest.19. Slope arrows allow you to specify a slope.ezproxy.
Let's explore this topic by reentering Sketch mode with the previously created roof. this is something that's difficult to do without slope arrows. The Slope Arrow should have the following properties: Head Offset At Tail: 0″ Head Offset At Head: 6′ [2 m] Make sure that Height Offset is the same for both Tails and Heads. When you finish the sketch. Now select all the lines that represent the roof sketch.ezproxy. Now select the Defines Slope option for all the boundary edges from the Properties palette.torontopubliclibrary.ca/print?xmlid=9781. Delete the existing slope arrow by editing the sketch. Also modify the Slope property for a slope of 9/12. FIGURE 4. the results will resemble Figure 4.. Now sketch two new slope arrows so that the heads of the arrows meet at the upper-left corner of the roof. You can do this by holding down Ctrl and selecting the lines individually or by clicking on one and pressing Tab to highlight the rest of the lines. The roof in Sketch mode should look like Figure 4.21. Once you have them selected.. FIGURE 4. you'll reenter Sketch mode for the previously created roof and start by deleting both the slope arrows.20. To create this condition.Page 3 of 7 You can create roof slopes using multiple slope arrows.20 Sketching two slope arrows Another common condition in residential-styled roofs is one of multiple slopes that are perpendicular to their many edges. Again.com.safaribooksonline. in the Options Bar.21 Offsetting the roof sketch and defining slopes http://proquest. 07/05/2012 . This technique is incredibly helpful when you want to create sloped conditions where two perpendicular slopes must meet at exactly the same location. enter 3′ [1 m] for the overhang. Finish the sketch.
22 Attaching the walls to the roof The great thing about attaching walls is that if the roof's angle or slopes change.22. reenter Sketch mode and remove the Defines Slope option for one of the edges. 07/05/2012 .ezproxy. the walls will automatically react to the new condition... Since the walls have previously been told to attach to the roof. When you finish the sketch.Page 4 of 7 Initially the edges of the wall extend beyond the overhang of the roof. Select all the exterior walls (use the Tab key) and then select the Attach Top/Base option on the Modify | Wall tab. the gable condition is already updated.safaribooksonline.ca/print?xmlid=9781.com. To test this. the results will resemble Figure 4.torontopubliclibrary.23. FIGURE 4.23 Removing a defined slope http://proquest. The result will resemble Figure 4. FIGURE 4.
07/05/2012 .Page 5 of 7 Extruded Roofs In addition to being able to create roofs in a plan or footprint orientation. FIGURE 4. It's just a line (or series of connected lines) that defines the top of the extruded roof. you'll be immediately prompted by Revit to select the plane from which the extruded roof will spring. Next.torontopubliclibrary. Once you select this command. you'll create the sketch for the extruded roof. To do so. Select the Arc tool from the Draw panel . This step is important for scheduling purposes and you can modify the value later. you can extrude roofs from vertically planer surfaces. http://proquest. For this example.24.24 Defining the slopes Now you'll be prompted to associate the roof to the appropriate level. Select the face of the roof highlighted in Figure 4. first select the Roof By Extrusion command from the Roof flyout on the Home tab. you'll create an arc.safaribooksonline...ca/print?xmlid=9781. The sketch line will not be a closed loop.ezproxy.com. For now select Level 3 since it's closest to the base of the extruded roof.
ca/print?xmlid=9781.. This issue is easy to resolve. First.torontopubliclibrary.Page 6 of 7 Now create the arc approximately as shown in Figure 4. select the roof and then select the Join/Unjoin Roof option on the Geometry panel.27 Joined roofs http://proquest. FIGURE 4. select the face of the previously created roof that you want to connect the extruded roof.27). The important detail is that we're going to set the Extrusion End to 20′-0″ [6 m]. FIGURE 4.25 Creating the sketch When you complete the sketch. FIGURE 4. 07/05/2012 .safaribooksonline. Revit will do its best to maintain this connected relationship.26 Attaching the Roof The extruded roof will now extend back to meet the face of the other roof (Figure 4. Then. If either roof is modified. the roof is springing from the arc that you created.. Finally. as shown in the left image of Figure 4.26.ezproxy. hover over the rear edge of the extruded roof. But it's not reaching back and connecting to the roof face.25.com.
starting with point elevations and then digging into more instance and type parameters. this is beyond the space limitations for an introduction to Revit.ezproxy.torontopubliclibrary.ca/print?xmlid=9781.Page 7 of 7 Overall. Learning how to use Revit organically is a better approach: Start with the basics of design iteration and then build on these concepts as the need arises. there are so many other complex areas that we can talk about with regard to roofs. http://proquest.safaribooksonline. But once again..com. 07/05/2012 ..