Page 1 of 8

Username: Mike Kelly Book: Autodesk® Revit® Architecture 2012 Essentials: AUTODESK OFFICIAL TRAINING GUIDE. No part of any chapter or book may be reproduced or transmitted in any form by any means without the prior written permission for reprints and excerpts from the publisher of the book or chapter. Redistribution or other use that violates the fair use privilege under U.S. copyright laws (see 17 USC107) or that otherwise violates these Terms of Service is strictly prohibited. Violators will be prosecuted to the full extent of U.S. Federal and Massachusetts laws.

Adding Ceilings
Ceilings in Revit are easy to place as well as modify. As you move the walls, the ceiling associated to those walls will stretch to fit their new conditions. Let's start by returning to the Level 1 floor plan of the previous exercise. Add 10′-0″ [3 m] high walls and doors to create individual, shared, and open spaces (Figure 4.28). FIGURE 4.28 Level 1 with walls

Automatic Ceilings
The Ceiling tool is found on the Build palette of the Home tab. When you select the tool, the default condition is Automatic Ceiling. This means that as you hover over a space, Revit will attempt to find


This happens frequently and for good reason. red line. Let's do this for one space (Figure 4.29 Placing the ceiling As you place the first ceiling in the Floor plan view. 07/05/2012 . Go to the proper view in the Project Browser to see the ceiling—in this case the ceiling plan for Level As you can see. Now you can plainly see the ceiling that you've created. FIGURE 4.30. Let's automatically place the remaining ceilings as shown in Figure 4. We've seen people click and click only to find that they've repeatedly placed ceilings in the same space. As you hover over the space.29). You've placed the ceiling but you can't see it.. Notice that Revit will center the grid based on the space that you've selected.ezproxy. Revit offers four default ceiling types: one Basic type and three Compound Let's select the 2′ × 2′ [600 mm × 600 mm] system. Revit indicates the boundary with a broad.Page 2 of 8 the boundary of walls.30 Resulting ceiling Sketching Ceilings http://proquest. you'll get a warning.torontopubliclibrary. FIGURE 4. As a rule. you should not ignore warnings.

ezproxy. This practice is common in interior Stud Ceiling for the area shown in Figure 4..33 Creating a GWB on Mtl.2 m × 600 m] system (Figure 4. FIGURE 4. Add sketch lines as shown in the first image in Figure 4. Begin by selecting Sketch Ceiling on the Ceiling panel.33. but this time you'll sketch a 2′ × 4′ [1.torontopubliclibrary.31 Sketching the ceiling Now let's place a ceiling in the upper right of the plan.32 2′ × 4′ ceiling And finally. FIGURE 4. FIGURE 4.safaribooksonline.32). The result is shown in the second image. The partitions only extend to the underside of the ceiling (rather than connect to the structure above). but this time you'll share the ceiling between the two spaces. Stud Ceiling http://proquest. you'll place ceilings in the upper-left corner of the ceiling plan for Level 1.. 07/05/2012 .Page 3 of 8 Next. Choose this new system from the Type Selector before you finish the sketch of the ceiling. create a GWB on

it will be fine for ceilings. You can now distinguish the ceiling from the open areas that have no Click OK until you close all the dialog boxes and return to the Ceiling plan view. While this material would be too graphically busy for walls. The result is shown in Figure 4.safaribooksonline.torontopubliclibrary.34 Assigning materials to a ceiling http://proquest. Name the new material Gypsum Ceiling Board. Now associate a surface pattern called Sand to the material.. Then click the Structure button to open the Edit Assembly window.34. 07/05/2012 .Page 4 of 8 By default. the GWB material doesn't have a surface pattern. So let's create a new material for GWB associated to ceilings and give it a pattern. Select the Gypsum Wall Board material option and duplicate the existing material. Select an edge of the ceiling and click Edit Type. FIGURE 4.

as shown in Figure 4. place the walls that will act as the This will create two walls above head height. But you actually need to select the edge of the ceiling to edit it. Modify the ceiling as shown in Figure 4.36 Editing the boundary http://proquest.torontopubliclibrary. The second image in Figure 4. FIGURE 4. Be sure to set the Base Offset value of the walls to 7′-9″ [ shows the finished ceiling. Sketch a new GWB ceiling that is 9′-0″ [2. To begin. FIGURE 4. Most beginners simply select the grid.35 Creating a bulkhead It requires a bit of finesse to delete or edit a placed ceiling.35.Page 5 of 8 Bulkhead Conditions Creating a bulkhead to separate two ceilings is straightforward. Then select it and choose Edit Boundary. 07/05/2012 .safaribooksonline.3 m] and the Unconnected Height value to 2′-3″ [700 cm].7 m] and finish the sketch. Hover over the edge of the ceiling and use the Tab key to cycle through options until the edge of the ceiling is highlighted.36.

com..Page 6 of 8 To get a better idea of the finished configuration in 3D. You'll find that working this way is helpful because having both 2D and 3D views aids in communicating the design issues.ezproxy.torontopubliclibrary. Use the grip arrows to pull the boundaries of the section box to resemble Figure Orienting the section box to the 3D view Adding Lights and Rotating the Grid http://proquest.safaribooksonline. Right-click the ViewCube and from the Floor Plans flyout of the context menu. 07/05/2012 ..37. select Level 1. FIGURE 4. go to a 3D view and orient a section box of the Level 1 plan view.

Select the edge of the ceiling and then you'll be able to pull down the Properties menu to select the GWB option for this ceiling (Figure Then copy the first light based on the intersection of the ceiling grid. the insertion point for the light is the center of the light.. Let's begin by loading one of the lighting families. From the Insert tab.. Again.torontopubliclibrary.38 on the left.38 on the right. lights will often create openings for This technique is incredibly helpful for maintaining design coordination.ezproxy. select any grid line and use the Rotate tool rotate the grid line.39. which you do by selecting the edge of the ceiling. The result is shown in the second image in Figure 4. All of the lights are shown in Figure 4. You'll place lighting fixtures into the 2′ × 4′ ceiling in the upperright ceiling plan.rfa. FIGURE 4. In this case. You'll be prompted to place the first family type of the family in your ceiling. Again.Page 7 of 8 Adding lights is easy and since they're hosted by the ceiling.39). Open the Lighting Fixtures folder and double-click on the family Ceiling Light – Linear Box. but be sure to select the 2′ × 4′ type from the Type Selector. we specified a 10degree angle.safaribooksonline. Now press and drag the ceiling grid lines to better center the lights in the overall space. select Load Family from the Load From Library panel. So place the first light and then use the Align tool to get the first one into the right spot. the lights have moved with the grid. The finished condition is in Figure 4. As you will notice. But you need to select the geometry of the ceiling. where most beginners struggle is mistakenly selecting the ceiling grid (which is actually selecting the material). You'll notice the lights have rotated as well. To rotate the grid. 07/05/2012 .39 Selecting ceiling geometry http://proquest. FIGURE 4.38 Placing lights and rotating the grid Changing the Ceiling Ceiling types often change in the design process.

The result is shown 3D using a section box. 07/05/2012 .40 Adding a slope arrow to the ceiling THE ESSENTIALS AND BEYOND In this chapter you learned to create Select the edge of the ceiling and choose Edit Boundary. This is basically the same process as sloping a floor or a roof. and add ceilings.safaribooksonline. The lights even follow the revised ceiling slope! FIGURE 4. Then set the Height Offsets for the Tail and Head to 0 and 3′ [1 m]. Place a slope arrow as shown in Figure 4.. • Create a shaft opening and intersect it with all the Floors By Face from the previous step. Finish the sketch.40. Use the mass floors to create a Floors By Face. • Modify the mass from the previous step and then update the Floors By Face. lay out roofs.ezproxy.Page 8 of 8 Sloping the Ceiling We can even slope the ceiling by placing a slope arrow while editing the boundary of the ceiling.. respectively. ADDITIONAL EXERCISES • Create a mass and intersecting levels and then create mass floors from those levels. http://proquest. • Create a Roof or Floor and then use the Shape Editing tools to model slopes for drainage.