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OMNInet: A Metropolitan 10Gb/s DWDM Photonic Switched Network Trial

April 13, 2004

Paul Daspit Advanced Technology Investments Group, Nortel Networks pdaspit@nortelnetworks.com

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Agenda
Rationale and Applications Network Architecture Photonic Switch Implementation Control Plane Results Research Projects

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Optical Metro Network Initiative


Partnership
Nortel Networks SBC Communications International Corporation for Advanced Internet Research (iCAIR)/Northwestern University

Experimental metropolitan photonic network field trial 10Gb/s Ethernet WAN and LAN service over a wavelength-granularity photonic switched network G.ASON, GMPLS Control Plane

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Services and Applications


Enhanced metro photonic services O-VPNs Dial-a-lambda service Router by-pass Emerging applications Optical GRIDs Storage on demand Data Mining 3D teleconferencing Visualization Large-Science Apps

3D Multi-media 3D Virtual Virtual Design Museum


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Network Configuration
Visualization Lab Data Mining Lab

Site T

7.6 km

12.3 km

4 sites in Chicago 6 fiber spans 4 wavelength planes Partial mesh network

7.4 km

24.6 km

Site F
7.2 km CA*Net 3

Site L
24.8 km Starlight Photonic Labs

Site S

= Glass-Thru Central Office


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OMNInet Network Configuration-2004


8x8x8 Scalable photonic switch Trunk side 10G DWDM OFA on all trunks
[1*]

PP 10/100/ GigE 8600

10 GigE 10 GigE
Optera 5200 10Gb/s TSPR

1 Photonic 2 Node 3 4

Photonic 1 Node 2 3 4

10 GigE 10 GigE
Optera 5200 10Gb/s TSPR

PP 8600

10/100/ GigE

CAMPUS FIBER (16) EVL/UIC OM5200

Optera 5200 OFA [2] [3*] 5200 OFA

[5] [6]

Optera Metro 5200 OFA

CAMPUS FIBER (4)

INITIAL CONFIG: 10 LAMBDAS (ALL GigE) TECH/NU-E OM5200

CAMPUS FIBER (4)

INITIAL CONFIG: 10 LAMBDA (all GigE) LAC/UIC OM5200

Photonic 1 Node 2 3 4
5200 OFA [8] [4] [9]

10 GigE 10 GigE
Optera 5200 10Gb/s TSPR

PP 8600

10/100/ GigE

SBC Fiber StarLight / Lakeshore Interconnect with other research networks


[10]

NWUEN Link [1*] [2] [3*] [4] [5] [6] [7*] [8] [9] [10]

Span Length KM 35.3 10.3 12.4 7.2 24.1 24.1 24.9 6.7 5.3 MI 22.0 6.4 7.7 4.5 15.0 15.0 15.5 4.2 3.3

[7*]

5200 OFA

Fiber in use Fiber not in use

Photonic 1 Node 2 3 4

10 GigE 10 GigE
Optera 5200 10Gb/s TSPR

PP 8600

10GE LAN PHY (Apr 04) 10/100/ GigE

1310 nm 10 GigE WAN PHY interfaces

* not in use

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Fiber Infrastructure
SBC metro G.652/SMF-28 single mode fiber
Next pair selected from installed fiber plant Longest span ~25km 2 to 5 Glass thru per span

Span losses from 6dB to 13dB (1550nm)


0.5dB/km to 1.2dB/km

Characterization tests
ORL, PMD, CD, OTDR

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DWDM Lightpaths
C-band ITU-T grid 200GHz spacing 4 wavelengths installed in the test bed:
1550.92 nm 1547.72 nm 1552.52 nm 1549.32 nm

Switch supports 8 wavelengths Per-wavelength power grooming enabled a mix of high and low performance TRx (FEC, Modulator Driver) 24 possible light paths on each wavelength plane: 96 total Longest lightpath ~75 km

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Optical Link Impairments


Built Into Transmission Margin Actively Controlled

Fiber Losses Chromatic dispersion Back reflections Polarization mode dispersion Nonlinear effects

Electrical crosstalk Receiver noise Timing jitter Electric Sensitivity

Tx

Rx

Optical power tolerance Modulator chirp Laser wavelength stability Laser relative intensity noise Electrical cross-talk Extinction ratio Back reflection effects Timing jitter

Losses Optical amplifier effects on OSNR Amplifier Transient DWDM filter shape Optical crosstalk Back reflections Polarization-dependent loss
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Link Budget
Link budget is deterministic and computed to work in all 24 network configuration. Link loss diversity 6dB to 13dB Node loss diversity 6dB to 10dB Commercial optical amplifiers
pre-amp and/or post-amp configurations 23dB constant-gain

Minimum OSNR
32dB for LAN interfaces (experimental hardware) 24dB for WAN interfaces (product hardware)

FEC RS(255, 239) implemented on WAN wavelengths Dispersion compensated on longest span (chirpy EML on experimental hardware)

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Transmitter ID
Power monitoring and signal tagging system implemented. Transmitter signal tagged with unique 100kHz - 400kHz AM tone. Tone sensing using simple photo-detection circuits and DSP-based analyzer. Tone power proportional to the optical power. Used to sense power and ID both muxed and single wavelength fibers. 0.1dB precision, 0.5dB accuracy.
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Tone Modulation on data carrier (Exaggerated).

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Node Configuration.
OPTera Metro 5200 Client interfaces: 10/100 Gigabit Ethernet 1310nm WAN PP8600 Switch Router LAN LAN 1310nm WAN
10 Gb/s Transponder 10 Gb/s Transponder

ITU-T C-band waves

Monitors

1 2 3 4

InterNode Fibers EDFA Metro Amplifiers

Passport 8600 Ethernet Switch/Router


(Commercial and Experimental Interfaces)

Opetra Metro 5200 10 Gb/s Transponder

Photonic Switch Node OPM & VOA 2-D MEMs switch


mux/demux
OFA

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Site Installation
Mosaic of node at Site F
Overlay Management Network hub/switch

OPTera 5200 Optical Amplifier

Photonic Switch Node Controller and DSP Photonic Switch Node

Passport 8600 10GE WAN Blade 10GE LAN Blades Power Inverter
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OPTera 5200 Transponder

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Photonic Switch Architecture


Wavelength plane architecture can connect any input signal of a specific wavelength to any output without wavelength translation. Could switch 8 instances of 8 wavelengths. Larger Photonic Switch Node 640 x 640 wavelengths using the same architecture was developed. Much more efficient switch architectures are subject of multiple patent applications
INPUTS
From Ethernet Switch / OTR #8 #1 Tributary1-2 Fiber Shuffles Optical Backplanes

OUTPUTS
1-2 Tributary #1

Line Card 3-4 + Monitor


5-6 7-8

2x 8X8 Switch Fabric VOA


1-2 3-4 5-6 7-8

Trunk 1-2 Line 3-4 Cards


5-6 7-8

5-6 1-2 Trunk #8 3-4 5-6 7-8

Line Card 3-4 + Monitor

To Ethernet Switch / OTR

Line 7-8 Cards

From InterNode Fiber

To InterNode Fiber

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G.ASTN Control Plane with O-UNI


O-UNI-C

Proxy O-UNI-C Server

UNI Service I/F

Node T

Node L

Node S

I-NNI
O-UNI-N WRP WDP OLMPP SCP

Node F

UNI control interface Network Optical Link (Data Plane) Photonic Switch (Routing Card ) Access Optical Link Optical Service Client (or CPE) TCP/IP connectivity (Control Plane) Management or User Workstation

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OMNInet Control Plane: Protocols & Interfaces


System configuration/maintenance
Consolidated optical link/interface configuration Support on-line static/dynamic link/interface provisioning Module start/stop, memory and resource management Configuration data storage

Wavelength Distribution Protocol (WDP)


End-to-End, on-demand light path signaling for I-NNI Bi-directional LSP Optical Connection Admission Control (CAC) Generalized label and wavelength label set 1:1 & 1:N Light path restoration

Optical Link Management Protocol (OLMP) Wavelength Routing Protocol (WRP)


Optical topology discovery and inventory of physical link resource New path selection/optimization algorithm to support traffic engineering and constraint-based routing O-UNI interworking & control integration Integrated path selection and protection/restoration with WDP O-VPN support Control channel monitoring TE link resource management Optical link fault isolation Verify dark fiber connectivity

O-UNI server
Client register/de-register TNA address resolution VPN group auto discovery On-demand light path creation/deletion Light path status enquiry

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Results
Network has been operating since 2001 Most lightpaths have less than 10 packets lost per million (Measurement limited) Stressed lightpath 50 packets lost per million (~10-10 BER) More than 1000 lightpath setup/teardown operations No optical component failures
Site T Visualization Lab Data Mining Lab

7.60 km

12.34 km

~75km path
24.57 km

Site F
7.20 km

7.37 km

Site L
24.75 km

Site S Photonic Labs

IXIA Tester

CA*Net 3
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StarLight
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Summary
Technology field trial Photonic switched network Highly managed photonic layer Scalable photonic switch architecture Standards-based control plane For bandwidth intensive applications Network continues to operate as infrastructure for content networking research (DARPA DWDM-RAM project)

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References to experiments using OMNInet


Photonic TeraStream demonstration over OMNInet http://www.startap.net/starlight/igrid2002/photonicTeraStream02.html A Case for the Global Access to Large Distributed Data Sets using Data Webs Employing Photonic Data Services http://storageconference.org/2003/papers/08_Grossman-Case.pdf Distributed Optical Testbed (OMNInet provides one leg of the DOT) http://www.dotresearch.org/about.html SABUL experiments over OMNInet http://www.rgrossman.com/pdf/sabul-hpdtp-11-02.pdf Northwestern University Information Technology Annual Report - 2002 (pp14 & 17 refers) http://www.it.northwestern.edu/AR02/report.pdf FAST TCP Experiments (see last 4-5 charts for OMNInet reference) FAST v3

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Data@LIGHTspeed

DWDM RAM

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DWDM-RAM
DARPA funded research project Architecture for data-intensive services
Manage extremely large sets of distributed data Dynamic on-demand light path and e-path provisioning Network resource scheduling

Demonstrations
GGF9 (Chicago, Oct 2003) SC2003 (Phoenix, Nov 2003) Chicago, Jun 2004 (SUPERComm)

Current research/experiment activity:


Multiple sequential service requests File transfer performance measurements and metrics Other transport protocols

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Applications
Basic Data Transfer Service Data Transfer Scheduler

Data Transfer Service

External Services
Other Services Processing Resource Service Storage Resource Service Basic Network Resource Service Network Resource Scheduler

Network Transfer Service

Data Path Control Optical Control Plane Connection Control Data Center Data storage switch 1 1

n n Dynamic Optical Network Data Transmission Plane


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Data Path

Data Center
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OMNInet Tetsbed Node Locations

Chicago

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End-to-end Transfer time


(Not Optimized)
File transfer request arrives File transfer complete, path released

Path setup: ~48.7s Data Transfer (10GB): ~464s Path Teardown: ~ 11.3s
464s

0.5s 2.6s 0.5s 45s 0.14s

0.3s

11s

FTP setup Network reconfiguration Path ID returned ODIN Server Processing Path Allocation request

Data Transfer (10 GB) Request Path Deallocation ODIN Server Processing
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Data@LIGHTspeed

DWDM RAM

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