Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

87 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Chemical Arithmetic of Solutions
- Gravimetric Analysis Lab Report
- Chapter 01 Stoichiometry
- AST Sharing 17092013 (Chemistry)
- Emperical Formula and Molecular Formula
- ch1.pdf
- ch4
- Calculation of Empirical Formulae
- f4 Chapter 2&3 Strucutre q
- Cursul 1
- 113 exam 2 practice spring 2008
- 30
- Resolução Fundamentos de Fisica 7 edição - Capitulo 41
- Lecture Notes Chapter 3.5 to 3.7 Fall 2014
- Atoms and Molecules
- Chemistry EXAM 1 Review
- Chemistry Solutions
- CBSE XI Text Books
- 'Study on the Kinetics of Degradation of Ascorbic Acid From Different Orange Juices' (IB Extended Essays, 2011-2012)
- Chemistry F4 Unit 3 Formula & Equations

You are on page 1of 4

Law of conservation of mass states that matter can neither be created nor destroyed. Chemical reactions are simply rearrangements of the existing atoms. Substances or mixtures containing a volatile component (evaporating readily at room temperature) such as water, are heated to drive off the volatile component and the mass of the solid product left behind is measured. Substances must be heated to constant mass is obtained to ensure all of the volatile material is driven off. Practice question 1. Soy sauce weighing 74.6g was heated in an oven to constant mass. The final mass was 14.2g. What percentage of water did the sauce contain?

Empirical and Molecular forumulae Can be determined experimentally, usually by finding the mass of each element in a given mass of compound The molecular formula is always a whole number multiple of the empirical formula. To calculate molecular formulae divide the molar mass of the compound by the molar mass of the empirical formula Eg. Molar mass of compound Molar mass of empirical formulae Practice Questions 2. After heating of 2.95g of crystals of hydrated magnesium sulphate (MgSO4.xH2O) the mass of the residue is found to be 1.44g. Find the value of x in the formula of the compound.

A compound has the empirical formula CH and a molar mass of 78gmol-1 . What is the molecular formula? Calculating masses of reactants and products The mole enables us to calculate the quantities of substances consumed or produced in chemical reactions. Mole ratios can be used to calculate masses of reactants and products When using pV=nRT volume must be in Litres, pressure in kilopascals, temperature in Kelvin R is constant = 8.31JK-1 once the number of mole of gas is calculated then its mass can be calculated using the formula n = m/M

Practice Questions 3. Calculate the mass of lead iodide that can be made from 30.0g of potassium iodide. When lead nitrate is reacted with potassium iodide. nb lead iodide forms a precipitate.

Step one: write a balanced equation

Step three: Use the ratio of amounts of substances to calculate the number of mole of iodide formed.

4. The active ingredient of an antacid powder is magnesium carbonate. When treated with excess HCl, a 3.50g sample of the antacid produced 714ml of carbon dioxide, measured at 22.0C and 101.3kPa pressure. Calculate the percentage of magnesium carbonate in the powder.

Step one: Write out the equation

Step two: pV = nRT ( are all of the units in the correct units to use this formula?)

Step three:Use the ratio amounts of substance from the equation to calculate the number of moles of magnesium carbonate

Step four: use the formula n=m/M to determine the mass of magnesium carbonate

Excess reactants The amount of limiting reactant determines the amount of product formed You will need to become familiar with solubility table to detemine whether a product will be a precipitate or stay in solution. Refer to pg 31 in your textbook Practice question Calculate the mass of silver bromide that can be formed if a solution containing 15.0g of silver nitrate is allowed to react with a solution containing 10.0g of calcium bromide

Step one: write out the equation

Step two: calculate the amounts of both reactants using n=m/M From the equation determine which is the reactant in excess. Look at your calculations for the number of moles

Step three: Use a mole ratio involving silver nitrate(not calcium bromide) to calculate the amount of silver bromide formed.

Finding the composition of a mixture Ions can be analysed using gravimetric analysis. The precipitate should: a) have a known formula b) have a low solubility c) be stable when heated ( so it can be dried easily) d) not form precipitates when other ions that are likely to be present No solid is absolutely insoluble or infinitely soluble Precipitates formed for gravimetric analysis Element to be analysed Chlorine Bromine Iodine Iron Phosphorus Magnesium Sulfur Barium Precipitate AgCl Ag Br AgI Fe2O2 Mg2P2O7 Mg2P2O7 BaSO4 BaSO4 Compound name Silver chloride Silver bromide Silver iodide Iron(III)oxide Magnesium pyrophosphate Magnesium pyrophosphate Barium sulphate Barium sulphate

- Chemical Arithmetic of SolutionsUploaded byCarlo Joseph Moskito
- Gravimetric Analysis Lab ReportUploaded byclaire_miller_16
- Chapter 01 StoichiometryUploaded byAndy Rei Kou
- AST Sharing 17092013 (Chemistry)Uploaded byjlohchem
- Emperical Formula and Molecular FormulaUploaded byNaguib Zakaria
- ch1.pdfUploaded bymehrdad_k_r
- ch4Uploaded byJayelle
- Calculation of Empirical FormulaeUploaded byBasit Farooq
- f4 Chapter 2&3 Strucutre qUploaded byzhen1998
- Cursul 1Uploaded byBogdan Cel Mic
- 113 exam 2 practice spring 2008Uploaded byjlehman
- 30Uploaded bysliversniper
- Resolução Fundamentos de Fisica 7 edição - Capitulo 41Uploaded byAndré Moraes
- Lecture Notes Chapter 3.5 to 3.7 Fall 2014Uploaded byjarzola11
- Atoms and MoleculesUploaded bySudarshan S K
- Chemistry EXAM 1 ReviewUploaded byrichardthatcher2011
- Chemistry SolutionsUploaded byNnaer Ortiz Nasupmilac
- CBSE XI Text BooksUploaded bymsk5in
- 'Study on the Kinetics of Degradation of Ascorbic Acid From Different Orange Juices' (IB Extended Essays, 2011-2012)Uploaded byUlises Alberto Flores Rodriguez
- Chemistry F4 Unit 3 Formula & EquationsUploaded byLim Kai Yee
- NUMERICALS-Uploaded byNishant Keswani
- cmc chapter 10Uploaded byapi-327761035
- LiBrH2O Library of EESUploaded byAlberto Cardozo
- StoichUploaded byAna Luisa
- Gas Engine SimulationUploaded byerwinfs
- Usp26withtoc VcUploaded byAntony Gamal
- Aiits 1719 Open Test Jeea Paper 2 SolUploaded bysomya
- Lecture 11- Multiple Reactions 2Uploaded bySabrina Azhar
- Tutorial 2 KimiaUploaded bynurul
- sc 10 est calendar 2019-2020Uploaded byapi-229492688

- Lab ReportUploaded byninjasandnurses
- Chapter 13 Population Ecology Hour 1 EditedUploaded byzeemboyz
- Kupdf.com Tgwellness Massage g10pdfUploaded byStephen
- AWS Handbook Vol. 1Uploaded byAbraham Hutomo
- O&M and Analytics Services by Mahindra SustenUploaded byMahindra Susten
- Hank Kolb CaseUploaded bynikimax
- The Clinical Aspect of Chronic Poisoning by Aluminium and its Alloys, by Leo Spira MD (1933)Uploaded byc09
- The 4 ClimatesUploaded byJasper
- swimming_Melinda Bíró.pdfUploaded byfayazmd83
- Islamic Remedies for Tension HeadacheUploaded bymwaqasiqbal
- WASHING MACHINE USER'S MANUAL - VestfrostUploaded byboogeymanjoe
- Chapter 15 - Mood DisordersUploaded byaum311
- SUMMER PROJECT (Kotak Life Insurance)Uploaded byprathamesh kadu
- 125 kVA Exception Jim PhillipsUploaded bySellappan Muthusamy
- A Chimp Pig Hybrid Origin for HumansUploaded byMarcelo Menezes
- Azygos Venos System 2(2)Uploaded byFazil Omar Belwael
- ManualeTRVK-TRSKUploaded byuttam81d
- mrdicUploaded bypapa0011
- UL Listed Class 2 TransformersUploaded byHerm Harrison
- Cooling Tower Pumping and PipingUploaded bythenshan
- Jesuit Family Separation StatementUploaded byLaw&Crime
- Ansia i Haz 102005 AnalysisUploaded byAnonymous
- Packaging Line Validation PPT 2009Uploaded byBasu Reddy
- Atlas of the Pelvic Lymph NodeUploaded byAntonioMunia
- En Whs2017 Part1Uploaded byNYONGKER
- Materi 1 Pengantar Textile Structure [Compatibility Mode]Uploaded byMuhammad Iqbal Suryatama
- Psychosis Due to Endocrine DISTURBANCESUploaded bymr_david
- qcs 2010 Section 11 Part 2.3.08 She Procedures - The Report and InvesUploaded bybryanpastor106
- D613.1112553-1Uploaded byLuis Enrique
- Universal OriginalUploaded byganyesod

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.