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**Q.1 - 30 Carry One Mark Each
**

Q.1 A large number of 230 Ω resistors are obtained by combining 120 Ω resistors with a standard deviation of 4.0 Ω and 110 Ω resistors with a standard deviation of 3.0 Ω . The standard deviation of the 230 Ω resistors thus formed will be

(A) 3.5 Ω (C) 7.0 Ω

Q.2

(B) 5.0 Ω (D) 12.0 Ω

A 31 2 digit multimeter has an accuracy specification of ( ! 0.5% of reading ! 5 counts). If the meter reads 2.00 mA on a full scale of 20 mA, the worst-case error in the reading is (A) 0.5% (C) 3.0% (B) 2.5% (D) 5.5%

Q.3

Which one of the following is a derived unit (NOT a basic unit) in SI system ? (B) Coulomb (D) mol.

(A) Candela (C) Kelvin

Q.4

A shaft encoder attached to a dc motor has a sensitivity of 500 pulses per revolution. A frequency meter connected to the output of the encoder indicates the frequency to be 5500 Hz. The speed of the motor in RPM is (A) 110 (C) 550 (B) 220 (D) 660

Q.5

A Pirani gage sensor is used to measure pressure of the order of (B) 1 MPa (D) 1 Pa

(A) 10 MPa (C) 100 Pa

Q.6

Which of the following flow meters has the lowest pressure drop for a given range of flow? (A) Orifice meter (C) Flow Nozzle (B) Venturi meter (D) Rotameter

IN

1/24

2003

Q.7

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IN

Different types of transducers and signal conditioning circuits are given below. Match the transducer with the appropriate signal conditioning circuit commonly used with it. P. Thermocouple Q R S Strain gage Piezoelectric L.V.D.T. 1 DC Bridge 2 Phase sensitive detector 3 Charge amplifier 4 Cold junction compensation 5 Instrumentation amplifier (A) P-2, Q-3, R-5, S-1 (C) P-4, Q-1, R-2, S-5 (B) P-1, Q-5, R-2, S-3 (D) P-4, Q-1, R-3, S-2

An integrator circuit is shown in Fig. Q.8. The opamp is of type 741 and has an input offset current ios of 1 μ A. C is 1 μ F and R is 1 M Ω . If the input Vi is a 1 kHz squared wave of 1 V peak to peak, the output V0 , under steady state condition, will be

Q.8

(A) a square wave of 1 V peak to peak (B) a triangular wave of 1 V peak to peak (C) positive supply voltage + Vcc (D) negative supply voltage − Vcc

Q.9

The output of an opamp whose input is a 2.5 MHz square wave is shown in Fig. Q.9. The slew rate of the opamp is

(A) 0.8 V/ μ s IN

(B) 8.0 V/ μ s 2/24

The correct Boolean sum of product is Q.10 are ideal.5 V Instroducing a schottky diode between the base and collector of the output transistor in a TTL circuit (A) increases the speed of operation by inhibiting saturation (B) decreases the speed of operation by inhibiting saturation (C) increases the FAN OUT by enabling saturation (D) increases the speed of operation by enabling saturation The Karnaugh may for a four variable Boolean function is given in Fig.2003 (C) 20.0 V/ μ s IN The opamp and the 1 mA current source in the circuit of Fig.11 (B) − 1.12 (A) PQRS + QS (C) PQR + QS IN (B) PQRS + QS (D) PQRS + Q 3/24 .5 mA (C) − 7. The output of the opamp is (A) − 1. 12. Q.com (D) 40.5 V Q.5 V (D) + 1.gatehelp. Q.10 www.0 V/ μ s Q.

16 (A) zero IN (B) real 4/24 .15 Some of the pins of an 8085 CPU and their functions are listed below. Q. Q-3. R-6. The noise margin of the Schmitt trigger is Q.2003 Q. R-1. The Fourier transform of [f (t) − f (− t)] is Q.14. Q-4.5 Q HOLD * 1 Selects IO or memory 2. Denmultiplexes the address and data bus 3 Is a vectored interrupt 4 Facilitates direct memory access 5 Is a clock 6 Selects BCD mode of operation (B) P-4. R-1.com IN Two 4-bit 2’s complement numbers 1011 and 0110 are added. Identify the correct answer that matches the pins to their respective functions P RST 7. R-5.gatehelp. S-1 R IO/M S ALE (A) P-3. S-4 (C) P-3. Q-1. The result expressed in 4-bit 2’s complement noration is (A) 0001 (B) 0010 (C) 1101 (D) cannot be expressed in 4-bit 2’s complement The input output characteristics of a Schmitt trigger is given in Fig. Q-2. S-2 A real function f (t) has a Fourier transform F (ω). S-3 (D) P-2.14 (A) 1 V (C) 3 V (B) 2 V (D) 4 V Q.13 www.

22 The insulation level for a 5 A full scale rectifier type ammeter is specified as 2. The meter will indicate Q.17 A system of equations represented by AX = 0 .3 is (C) Infinite (D) 2πωc The current coil of a 200 V. It is then safe to use the meter with a potential difference of upto 2. where X is α column vector of unknowns and A is α matrix containing coefficients. The bandwidth (where 98% of power is contained) of the FM signal is (A) 2 kHz (C) 6 kHz (B) 3 kHz (D) 12 kHz 3 2 Given x [n] = sin ωc n .18 A sinusoidal signal of frequency 1 kHz is used to produce an FM signal with a modulation index β = 5 .5 kV.20 (A) 0 W (C) 200 W (B) 100 W (D) 400 W Q. has a nontrivial solution when A is (A) nonsingular (C) symmetric (B) singular (D) Hermetian Q.5 kV between (A) the termials of the meter (B) case and the ground IN 5/24 .gatehelp.com (D) imaginary IN Q.2003 (C) real and odd www.21 The clock frequency of a timer-counter is 10 MHz. The display of the timer-counter will show a value (A) 200 (C) 5000 (B) 2000 (D) 50000 Q. electro-dynamometer type LPF wattmeter carries a current of 2 cos (100πt) A . The voltage across the pressure coil is 2 200 sin (100πt) V . the energy of the signal given by πn ω (B) πωc (A) c π Q. The timer-counter is used in the period mode and the input to the timer-counter is a square wave of frequency 2 kHz.19 / x [n] n =. 5A.

two stacks are excited simultaneously. the control transmitter excites the three stator windings of the control transformer.25 when subjected to a unit step input is Q.23 Q.25 (A) zero (C) KK p (1 + KK p) (B) 1 (1 + KK p) (D) infinite Q. The stator winding voltage will have (A) equal magnitudes but different phases (B) different magnitudes and different phases (C) equal magnitudes and phases (D) different magnitudes but equal phases The steady state errror for the feedback control system shown in Fig. The resolution of angular rotation for the stepper motor.24 Q. is (A) 10c (B) 15c (D) 30c (C) 20c IN 6/24 .gatehelp.com IN (D) one of the terminals and the ground An oscilloscope screen displays a line inclined at 45c.26 A three-stack variable reluctance stepper motor has 12 numbers of rotor and stator teeth on each stack.2003 (C) both the terminals and the case www. Its Y-input is a sine wave of frequency f then the X-input should be (A) sine wave of frequency f and 0c phase shift with the Y-input (B) sine wave of frequency f and 45c phase shift with the Y-input (C) sine wave of frequency f and 90c phase shift with the Y-input (D) saw-tooth wave of frequency f In a synchro pair. assuming no. Q.

intensity reflection coefficient is (A) 0.31 . The Fresnel. the time-constant of the closed loop system will be (A) Aβτ (C) τ Q. Q. Air is assumed to be of refractive index 1.gatehelp.022 Q.9 nm (C) 597. The glass has a refractive index 1.25 (D) 0. The first order peak observed at an angle of 15c belongs to the wavelength (B) 587.29 A light beam is incident normally on a glass-air interface.8 nm (D) 600.53.2003 Q.31 An RTD is assumed to be represented in the range 0cC to 100 cC by a linear model as IN 7/24 .044 (B) 0.27 www.28 (B) (1 + Aβ. τ) (D) τ (1 + Aβ) A grating that has 1200 lines/mm is irradiated with a narrow beam of white light at an incident angle of 25c to the grating normal.1 nm Q.com IN In the feedback scheme shown in Fig.7 nm (A) 567.0.53 (C) 0. The above light source has (A) NO spatial-or temporal coherence (B) NO spatial coherence but has temporal coherence (C) spatial coherence but NO temporal coherence (D) quasi-monochromaticity Q.30 A light source is formed by putting a pinhole to let in sunlight.27.90 Carry One Mark Each Q.

7 T2) The worst-case error magnitude in the resistance balue that will be introduced.gatehelp.33 (b). Then an accurate estimate of gage length.8 Ω (C) 3.33 (b). is (A) 2 Ω (B) 2.004 T) where T is the temperature in cC. is measured to be 0. The true model of the RTD is RT = R0 (1 + 0.2003 www.63 μ m. is Quasi-monochromatic light IN 8/24 . The radius R can be expressed from the measurement of H and θ as (A) Hsinθ 1 − sinθ (C) Htanθ 1 + sinθ Q. The gage G is placed on the mirror M 2 as shown in Fig. Q. as shown in Fig. in μ m.4 Ω Measurement of large external radius is possible with the help of an nagle piece and a screw gage as shown in Fig. fringe shift e. if the linear model is used over a range of 0 to 100 cC .0 Ω Q. The field-ofview observed through the lens L is shown in Fig.004T + 6 # 10 .32 (D) 3.32.15 when the wavelength of light used is 0.33 (a).com IN RT = R0 (1 + 0. A quick check with a micrometer shows that the gage length is approximately 100 μ m. Q. The fractinoal. Q. Q.R0 = 100 Ω with a variation of ! 2Ω .33 (B) Hcosθ 1 − cosθ (D) Hsinθ 1 − cosθ Koster’s modification of Michelson interferometer is used to determine the thickness of gage G.

000 www. The other thermocouple is at a temperature T. The resistance of the gage. One of the thermocouple junctions is immersed in a flask containing ice and water in equal proportion.37 (A) 900 Ω IN (B) 990 Ω 9/24 .35 and Q.gatehelp.902 (C) 100. the temperature T is (A) 205c C (B) 102.36 The table provides the thermo-emf sensitivity of five materials with reference to platinum around 273K Material Constantan Nickel − 25 Copper +6 Iron + 18.36 Two copper-constantan thermocoupl les are connected such that the two constantan wires are joined together.050 V.com (B) 100.37c C (D) 10cC Data given below should be used for answering questions Q. when a compressive strain of 100 μ m/m is applied.1) Q.34 (A) 0cC (C) 8.5 Nichrome + 25 Sensitivity − 35 ( μ VK .27cC (B) 5.706 IN A temperature-measureing instrument is modeled as a first order system with a time constant of 5s.35 The thermocouple pair that gives the maximum sensitivity around 273 K is (B) Nichrome-Constantan (D) Copper-Nickel (A) Platinum-Constantan (C) Nickel-Constantan Q.25cC An N-type semiconductor strain gage has a nominal resistance of 1000 Ω and gage factor of -100. If the output of the amplifier is 2. is Q.5c C (D) 50c C (C) 51. The sensor of the instrument is placed inside an oil bath whose temperature has a sinusoidal variation with amplitude of 10 cC and a period of 20s areound an average temperature of 200 cC.804 (D) 101. The sinusoidal component at the output of the instrument will have amplitude. Q. The two copper wires are connected to the input of a low noise chopper stabilized differentials amplifier having a gain of 1000.2003 (A) 99.

Q.0 = E C + 3 C C −3 C A Piezoelectric transducer with a sensitivity of 2.0 = E 3 C C (D) V.414 mV (B) 0. The output V0 is (A) V.2003 (C) 1010 Ω Q. If a force of 0. decreasing the mass while maintaining all other parameters of the sensor unchanged will (A) reduce both natural frequency and steady-state sensitivity (B) increase both natural frequency and steady-state sensitivity (C) increase natrual freuqncy but reduce steady-state sensitivity (D) increase natural frequency without affecting steady-state sensitivity.232 mV (D) 1. with a displacement transducer as the secondary element.0 = E C 3C (C) V.0 = E C − 3 C C +3 C Q.38.39 (B) V. IN 10/24 .1 sin 10 t N is applied to the transducer. Q.39. the output-amplitude of the charge amplifier is (A) 0.0 pC/N having a capacitance of 1600 pF and a leakage resistance of 1012 Ω is connected to a charge amplifier as shown in Fig.38 www.40 In a seismic acceleration sensor.gatehelp.com (D) 1100 Ω IN A signal conditioning circuit suitable for a push-pull type capacitive transducer is given in Fig.141 mV (C) 1.732 mV Q.

The ON-resistance of the diode is (A) 0.5 V Q.gatehelp.36 Ω (B) 0. A photo-detector circuit is given in Fig.43 (B) 5.com IN For a steady flow of liquid. the float of the rotameter will remain in a particular position when (A) drag force is balanced by the weight of the float and buoyancy force (B) weight of the float is balanced by the drag force and buoyancy force (C) buoyancy force is balanced by the drag force and weight of the float (D) drag force and buoyancy together is slightly greater than the weight of the float. When light of intensity 10 m W/cm 2 falls on the photo-diode.44. is IN 11/24 . rounded off to first decimal.0 Ω (C) 0.1 V A forward-biased silicon diode when carrying negligible current.72 Ω Q.2003 Q.55 A/W.44 A transistor amplifier circuit is shown in Fig. the output V0 is Q. has a voltage drop of 0. Q. When the current is 1A it dissipates 1 W. The quescent collector current.42.42 -2 (A) 10.64 Ω (D) 1.64 V.41 www. Q.1 V (C) − 5. The photo-diode has an active area of 10 cm 2 and sensitivity of 0.5 V (D) − 10.

47.3 mA (D) 2.gatehelp.com (B) 2. Q.45 The opamp used in the inverting amplifier shown in Fig. The resistor is connected to an ideal.1 mA www. opamp signal conditioning circuit of Fig.0 mA IN Q.6 mA (C) 2. Q.45 has an equivalent input offset voltage Vios of 5 m V. The value of R is 100 Ω .46.2003 (A) 2. The output V0 is IN 12/24 . The output offset voltage is (A) 5 mV (C) 285 mV (B) 280 mV (D) 560 mV A resistance RT of a resistive transducer is modeled as RT = R (1 − Kx).004 and x is 75. where K is the constant of transformation and x the input quantity being sensed. K is 0. The output V0 is Q.46 (A) − 400 mV (C) − 300 mV Q. Q. the opamps used are ideal.47 (B) − 4 mV (D) + 600 mV In the circuit shown in Fig.

2003 www. Determine the maximum input voltage that can be given to the power amplifier so that neither the power amplifier nor the loudspeaker is overloaded. Assuming ideal devices.4 V (B) 20 V (D) 0.0 V (C) 1.5 V Q.2 V Q. Q.001 mV of noise. and ! 12 V supply.m. The output of the amplifier contains 50 mV of signal and 0.s and a votage gain of 40 dB.50 The circuit shown in Fig. The CMRR of the amplifier is (A) 40 dB (C) 80 dB (B) 60 dB (D) 100 dB Q.49 A 50 W power amplifier has a rated output of 30 V r.gatehelp. It is connected to a 40 W loudspeaker having an internal resistance of 10 Ω .0 V (B) 1. the output V0 is a (A) triangular wave of period 120 ms and amplitude ! 6 V IN 13/24 . (A) 40 V (C) 0.48 For an ECG amplifier the input signal is 100 μ V corrupted by a common mode noise of 5 mV.5 V (D) 0.50 is that of a waveform generator.com IN (A) 3.

10...51 (A) half adder (C) equality detector (B) XOR (D) full adder The correct cyclic sequence of output (Q0 Q1) for the JK master-slave flip-flop circuit shown in Fig.gatehelp. 11.52 when the input clock is applied is Q. 11.. Q.53 For the CMOS analog switch shown in Fig.. (C) 00. 00. The switch will be ON and V0 will be equal to Vi provided (A) V1 = V2 =+ VDD IN (B) V1 = V2 = − VEE 14/24 .. 11.2003 www. 01.. 10.com IN (B) square wave of period 60 ms and amplitude ! 6 V (C) square wave of period 120 ms and amplitude ! 6 V (D) square wave of period 60 ms and amplitude ! 12 V The logic circuit of Fig. 01.. 01.52 (A) 00.. 10. 01. 00. 00. (D) 00.. 00.. The input Vt is bipolar. Q. Q.51 is a Q. 10. (B) 00. 01. 11... 00. Q.53. 01. the positive supply is + VDD and the negative supply is − VEE . 10.

5 MHz (D) pulse train of frequency 1. the second integration (de-integration) period will (B) 60 ms 15/24 be (A) 50 ms IN .54 www. Q.0 MHz The square wave C1 shown in Fig. In a dual slope ADC. The output of the multiplexer is tied to its own select input S.56 For an input voltage of 120 mV.com (D) V1 = − VEE and V2 =+ VDD IN A 2-to-1 digital multiplexer having a switching delay of 1 μ s is connected as shown in Fig.55 (A) 15 th clock pulse (C) 44 th clock pulse (B) 16 th clock pulse (D) 48 th clock pulse Data givem below should be used for answering questions Q.047 μ F. Q. The output V0 will be (A) 0 (B) 1 (C) pulse train of frequency 0.2003 (C) V1 =+ VDD and V2 = − VEE Q.55 is given to the clock input of a 4-bit binary upldown counter whose UP/DN input is fed with the pulse train Pn .57. The counter starts with 0000 and will reach 0000 again at the Q. The input which gets selected when S = 0 is tied to 1 and the input that gais selected when S = 1 is tied to 0.gatehelp. the reference voltage is 100 mV and the first integration period is set is 50 ms.54. The input resistor of the integration is 100 k Ω and the integrating capacitor 0.56 and Q. The counter is a negative edge triggered one. Q.

59 In an 8085 system containing 8 KB of ROM and 8 KB of RAM. The address range occupied by the ROM is (A) 0000 .57 If the input of 120 mV is corrupted by power supply interference at 50 Hz having peak amplitude of 3 π mV.A13 and A14 are unused.1FFF (D) 8000 . Q. the ROM is selected when A 15 is 0 and the RAM is selected when A15 is 1.2 is given an input signal sampled at 18 kHz. 00H STA 8080H DCR A STA C080H RET The content of memory location 8080H after the execution of the RETURN instruction is (A) FFH (B) FEH (C) 01H (D) 00H A linear time invariant system with system function H (z) = 1 + z .0FFF (C) 0000 .60 (A) 12 kHz π IN (B) 6 kHz 16/24 .1 + z .2003 (C) 100 ms www. The frequency of the analog sinusoid which CANNOT pass through the system is Q.2FFF (B) 0000 .com (D) 120 ms IN Q.9FFF Q. The CPU executes the following program Prog1 MVI A.58.58 A ROM is interfaced to an 8085 CPU as indicated in Fig.gatehelp. the worst-case error introduced by the interference in the reading is (A) 0% (C) 3% (B) 1% (D) π % Q.

].8 Q. The multiplier box multimplies the input frequency by the factor shown.gatehelp.0 MHz and a frequency deviation of 1. The input x (t) is a narrow band FM signal of carrier 100 khz and frequency deviation of 25 Hz.62 is used for the generation of wideband FM from a narrow band FM.4 (C) 750.64 . Q.com (D) 6 kHz π (y [n]) IN Q. The local oscillator frequency in kHz and the multiplication constant m to achieve an output y (t) with a carrier of 2.8 (B) 1000.4 (D) 1000.63 Given h [n] = [1.61 A discrete-time system with input (x [n])-output y [n] = x [n] − 2x [n − 1] + x [n − 2] is a good approximation to a relation (A) high-pass filter (B) band-stop filter blocking π # ω # π 8 4 (C) low-pass filter (D) band-pass filter passing π # ω < π 8 4 The scheme shown in Fig.62 (A) 750.2003 (C) 12 kHz www. 2.0 kHz are respectively: Q. f [n] is obtained by convolving h [n] with itself and g [n] by - correlating h [n] with itself. Which one of the following statements is true? (A) f [n] is causal and its maximum value is 9 (B) f [n] is non-causal and its maximum value is 8 (C) g [n] is causal and its maximum value is 9 (D) g [n] is non-causal and its maximum value is 9 Bilinear transformation avoids the problem of aliasing encountered with the use of impulse-in variance through (A) mapping the entire imaginary axis of the s-plane on to the unit circle in the z-plane (B) pre-filtering the input signal to impose bank-limitedness IN 17/24 Q. 2.

gatehelp.2003 www. x. 1 e .j 4 .. Q.<repeated N times>]. c. 1 e . 1 e .. d] as the input.j 4 2 Q.com IN (C) mapping zeros of the left half of the s-plane inside the unit circle in the z-plane (D) up-sampling the input signal so that the bandwidth is reduced A linear phase FIR system with impulse response real has a zero at z = 1 e j 4 .68 (a) is also implemented in Fig.j 4 2 π π Given x = [a. Q.67 / δ [ n − i] i=0 N-1 The sequence x [n] whose z-transform is X (z) = e1/z is (B) (D) 1 u [ − n] − n! 1 u [− n − 1] − (n + 1)! (A) 1 u [n] n! (C) (− 1) n 1 u [n] n! Q.j 2 . a linear time invariant system produces an output y = [x.j 2 2 2 2 π (C) 2e .. x. 1 e . 2e j 4 .65 3π π π (A) 1 e j 2 . b. x. The 2 largest set of remaining zeros that can be obtained from the above information is Q.j 4 . 1 e j 2 2 2 2 3π π π (B) 1 e . 1 e j 4 .66 π π π (D) 2e j 4 .68 Direct form implementation of the FIR structure shown in Fig. The impulse response of the system is (A) / δ [n − 4i] i=0 N-1 (B) u [n] − u [n − N] (D) (C) u [n] − u [n − N − 1] Q. The coefficients k1 and k2 are respectively IN 18/24 .68 (b) in lattice form.

Q.244 (D) − 0.244 and − 0.244 (C) 0.0 k Ω Q.70 (B) 24.69 The output resistance across the terminals 1 and 2 of the DC bridge in Fig. the voltages are V.640 (B) 0.244 and 0.gatehelp.com IN (A) 0.2 = 2 cos (1000t + 45c) and Vd = 0 The value of R = 100Ω .69 is (A) 12.2003 www. Q.1 = 2 cos 1000t V.640 and − 0. Then Zx will be (A) 100 Ω resistor in series with 100 mH inductor (B) 100 Ω resistor in series with 100 μ F capacitor IN 19/24 .640 Q.640 and 0.70.5 k Ω (D) 100 k Ω For the bridge circuit in Fig.5 k Ω (C) 25. V.

74 (A) 500 Ω .8 mA.0% (B) − 0.74. Q.75 is ideal and the ammeter (A).2003 www. of full-scale 1 mA. A square wave from a functio generator is fed to the Y input and a stable display (properly triggered) is obtained when the frequency of the function generator is 297 Hz.5 Hz Q.5% (D) + 1.9 V The 5 V Zener diode in Fig. 1.75 (B) 50 Ω .9 V Q.73 A very low-loss coil is tested with a Q-meter and the distributed (self) capacitance of the coil is found to be 820 pF.71 An oscilloscope is powered from 230 V mains having a nominal frequency of nearly 50 Hz.5 Hz (D) 48. Resonance occurred at an angular frequency w of 10 6 rad/s with a capacitance of 918 nF. 1. 0. 5 VA.5% Q.0 Hz (B) 49. The ratio error of the CT is (A) − 1.1 V (D) 50 Ω . 0. The internal resistance of the ammeter and the unknown potential Vx are respectively Q. I. The triggering mode of the oscilloscope is set to LINE. as 0. When Vx is reversed the ammeter reads 3.8 PF current transformer (CT) carries 100 A.0% (C) + 0.2 mA. 0.72 The primary of a 200/1 A.com IN (C) 100 Ω resistance in parallel with 100 mH inductor (D) 100 Ω resistance in parallel with 100 μ F capacitor Q. q. The indeuctance of the coil is (A) 100 pH (B) 100 μ H (D) 100 mH (C) 100 nH A potentiometer circuit is shown in Fig. 20/24 IN .gatehelp. The actual frequency of the power supply is (A) 50 Hz (C) 49. The jockey of the ptentiaometer is kept exactly at the mid-point and the ammeter reads the current.1 V (C) 500 Ω .

K1 and K2 are proportional controllers.com IN has an internal resistance of 100 Ω .76 The transfer function of a system is 2 A 2 . The circuit shown.78 (B) 0. The steady-state gain of the system to s +ω a unit-step input is (A) A ω2 (B) 0 (D) not possible to be determined (C) 3 Q. 3 IN 21/24 .77 The closed loop control system shown in Fig.gatehelp. 3 (B) 1.0 Q.78.77 has τ1 > 0 . the upper limits of K1 and K2 are (A) 3.0 (D) τ1 > 1. For the control system to remain stable.2003 www. The system will remain stable for all τ1 in the range (A) τ1 < 0. with terminal 1 positive.5 < τ1 < 1. Q.0 In Fig.5 (C) τ1 < 1. functions as a (A) 0 − 1 VDC voltmeter (C) 0 − 6 VDC voltmeter (B) 0 − 1 mA DC ammeter (D) 0 − 5 VAC voltmeter Q. Q.

If x (t) is 0.83 (B) − 45c (D) − 90c The transfer function of a second order band-pas filter. selectivity of 100 and a gain of 0 dB at the centre frequency.4 with the unit of time expressed s in minutes. − 1 (D) − 1. − 3 (A) − 2. 1 IN Q. 1s Y (s) The transfer function of a system is given is given by . then the phase angle between the output and the input will be (A) − 39.0. E and C = [1 0].0 A PID controller has the transfer function 2 + 0.2003 (C) 3.4 min (D) 50% and 5 min For a dynamic system. − 1 Q. 0 Q. B = .27c (C) − 50.5 (t .com (D) 10. various matrices for a state space model are given by 0 1 0 A == .5 sin t = e X (s) 1 + s . 10 www. is (A) 10s s2 + 10s + 106 100s s2 + 100s + 107 (B) (D) s s2 + s + 106 100s s2 + 100s + 106 (C) Data given below should be used for answering question Q.2 (D) The steady-state gain of the system for a unit step input is 1. having a centre frequency of 1000 rad/s. The parameters proportional band and reset time for the above controller are respectively Q.79 The response of a system to a unit impulse is y (t) = e .73c Q.4 min (C) 200% and 5 min (B) 50% and 0.gatehelp.81 (C) − 3.80 (A) 200% and 0.82 . The system poles are located at G −2 −3 1 (B) − 2.85 IN 22/24 . Which one of the following is the correct statement about the system? (A) The system is nonlinear (B) The system is unstable in open loop (C) The steady-state gain of the system for a unit step input is 0.1).84 and Q.

The root locus plot for a system.84 The maximum possible controller gain.0 (C) 0.1.gatehelp.1 (B) multimode fibre with a numerical aperture of 0.86 An ultrasonic beam of frequency 1 MHz and intensity 0.84.0 (C) 0.695 cm (D) 3. with transfer function Q. The diameter of the core is 4 μ m.com IN 2 .4 (B) 3. for which the unity feedback system is stable.12 (D) ten-mode fibre with a numerical aperture of 0. is apporximately (A) 6.15 (C) single-mode fibre with a numerical aperture of 0.87 (A) single-mode fibre with a numerical aperture of 0. A unity feedback proportional control system is bult using this system.408 cm (B) 1.5 W/cm 2 passes through a layer of soft tissue of thickness t with an attenuation coefficient of 1. for which the unity feedback system exhibits a non-oscillatory response to a unit step input.4 (B) 3. is shown in Fig.2 Q.0 (D) 0.12 IN 23/24 .721 cm The refractive indices of the core and cladding of an optical fibre are 1.46 and 1.455 respectively. is (A) 6.85 The maximum possible controller gain.2 Q. s (s + 1)( s + 2) Q. The ratio of output to input power is 1/e2 .0 (D) 0. the fiber functions as a Q. When operated at a wavelength of 1. The thickness of the tissue is (A) 1 cm (C) 2.31 μ m.2003 www.18 cm .

89 X -rays emitted from a molybdenum target at 35 kV have wavelength edges Ku = 70.2 pm nor 70.90 (A) 3 μ m (C) 3 cm (B) 3 mm (D) 3 m ********** IN 24/24 .com IN A cardiac output measurement set-up uses the thermo-dilution principle. The cardiac output in litres per minute for this will be (A) 5.2 pm.gatehelp.60 (C) 3.9 pm. with all other parameters remaining unchanged.9 pm (D) Neither 63. The change in the output temperature is 7cC for 5.21 (D) 1. the change in the temperature is 10cC with an integration time of 20 s.2003 Q.96 Q. These X-rays are passed thourgh a zirconia filter of K-edge 68.92 (B) 4. For a second measurement. The coherence length of the source is Q. The output of te filter contains primarily X-rays of wavelengths (A) 63.88 www.60 litres per minute of cardiac output with an integration time of 10 s.9 pm and Kβ = 63.9 pm (B) 70.2 pm (C) Both 63.2 pm and 70.9 pm A quasi-monochromatic light source with average central wavelength of 630 nm has a spectral width of 10GHz.

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