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Important Collection of Byzantine Coins Auction 3

25 October 2011 Zurich Hotel Savoy-Baur en Ville Poststrasse 12 CH-8001 Zurich Tel. +41-44-215 25 25 Fax +41-44-215 25 00

Under the supervision of Stadtammannamt Zurich

SINCONA AG Pelikanstrasse 11 CH-8001 Zurich Tel. +41-44-215 10 90 Fax +41-44-215 10 99 2011 SINCONA AG, Zurich

Auktionsbedingungen
Es gelten die folgenden Auktionsbedingungen: Uns unbekannte Bieter sind gebeten, sich vor der Auktion zu legitimieren. Ferner behlt sich der Versteigerer vor, nach freiem Ermessen und ohne Angabe von Grnden Personen den Zutritt zu den Auktionsrumlichkeiten zu untersagen. Bei Anwesenheit des Kufers ist auf den Zuschlagspreis ein Aufgeld von 15% zu entrichten. Bei schriftlichen Geboten wird auf den Zuschlagspreis zustzlich zu den 15% ein Aufgeld von 3%, bei telefonischen Geboten ein solches von 5% in Rechnung gestellt. Bei Auslieferung in der Schweiz wird fr Platin-, Silber- und Kupfermnzen sowie alle Medaillen, Orden, Antiquitten, etc. zum Zuschlag und Aufgeld zustzlich 8% Mehrwertsteuer erhoben. Die Bezahlung ist nach erfolgtem Zuschlag sofort fllig und in Schweizer Whrung zu bezahlen. Der Zuschlag erfolgt nach dreimaligem Aufruf des hchsten Gebotes und verpflichtet zur Abnahme. Jeder Kufer ist persnlich haftbar fr die durch ihn vollzogenen Kufe. Er kann nicht geltend machen, fr Rechnung Dritter gekauft zu haben. Wird der Kaufbetrag nicht innerhalb der vereinbarten Frist beglichen, kann SINCONA AG den Kauf annullieren. Der Versteigerer kann ohne Angabe von Grnden und ohne dafr zu haften Gebote ablehnen. Durch die Abgabe eines schriftlichen oder mndlichen Gebotes werden die Auktionsbedingungen vollumfnglich anerkannt. Gebote, die den Schtzpreis unterschreiten, knnen nicht bercksichtigt werden. Entweder/oder-Auftrge sowie Gesamtlimiten knnen nur bedingt ausgefhrt werden. Schriftliche Auftrge werden von den Veranstaltern der Auktion interessewahrend ausgefhrt und knnen nur bis 24 Stunden vor Auktionsbeginn verbindlich bercksichtigt werden. Die Veranstalter der Auktion sind mit Zustimmung der Auktionsaufsicht berechtigt, von der im Katalog vorgesehenen Reihenfolge abzuweichen und Nummern zu vereinigen. Lose werden nicht aufgeteilt. Bei Meinungsverschiedenheiten kann ein Los vom Versteigerer erneut ausgerufen werden. Die Auktion wird in deutscher und teilweise in englischer Sprache durchgefhrt. Der Versand der ersteigerten Mnzen erfolgt nach Bezahlung, so rasch wie mglich nach der Auktion auf Rechnung und Gefahr des Erwerbers. Das Auktionsgut bleibt bis zur vollstndigen Bezahlung Eigentum des Verkufers. Im Ausland anfallende Abgaben, wie z.B. Zollgebhren und Steuern, gehen demzufolge vollstndig zu Lasten des Erwerbers. Die Beachtung auslndischer Zoll- und Devisenvorschriften etc. ist Sache des Erwerbers. Die Veranstalter der Auktion lehnen die Verantwortung fr allfllige Folgen ab, die sich aus der Zuwiderhandlung gegen derartige Bestimmungen ergeben knnen. Die Echtheit der Mnzen wird gewhrleistet. Die Angaben und Beschreibungen im Katalog werden nach bestem Wissen und Gewissen gegeben. Begrndete Beanstandungen knnen nur innerhalb von acht Tagen nach der Auktion bercksichtigt werden. Bei Mnzen in "SLABS" erlischt die Echtheitsgarantie wenn diese geffnet werden. Bei der Auktion anwesende Kufer kaufen grundstzlich wie besehen und knnen nur bei gravierenden Mngeln sofort reklamieren. Schriftliche Bieter haben die Mglichkeit sich ber den Zustand der Lose whrend der Besichtigungstage persnlich, oder durch einen Vertreter, zu informieren. Eine Reklamation wegen Meinungsverschiedenheiten ber den Erhaltungsgrad eines Loses wird nicht akzeptiert. Lots von mehr als einem Stck sind von jeglicher Reklamation ausgeschlossen. Telefonisches Bieten ist nur in Ausnahmefllen und fr Stcke mit einem Schtzwert ber CHF 3000.mglich und muss mindestens 48 Stunden vor Beginn der Auktion angemeldet werden. Ein Mindestgebot in der Hhe der Schtzung wird vorausgesetzt. Der im Internet publizierte Auktionskatalog hat lediglich informativen Charakter. Fr die Auktion massgebend ist die gedruckte Version. Erfllungsort und Gerichtsstand im Verhltnis zwischen den Veranstaltern der Auktion und dem Erwerber ist Zrich. Im brigen gelten die Zrcher Auktionsbedingungen. Verantwortlicher Auktionator ist ein Funktionr der SINCONA AG. Eine Haftung des mitwirkenden Beamten, der Gemeinde und des Staates fr Handlungen des Auktionators besteht nicht. Vorliegende Bedingungen liegen in deutscher, franzsischer, russischer und englischer Sprache vor, wobei die deutsche Fassung bei Meinungsverschiedenheiten massgebend ist.
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Conditions of sale
The following conditions apply for the auction: Unknown bidders are requested to identify themselves prior to the sale. The auctioneer reserves the right, exercisable at our complete discretion, to refuse admission to the premises or attendance at the auction. For buyers personally present a 15% premium is charged over and above the knock-down price. To written bids, additionally to the 15%, a premium of 3%, for telephone bids a premium of 5% is charged. If delivered in Switzerland, silver and coins of other non-gold metals, as well all medals, medallions, orders of merit, antiques etc. are charged with an additional 8% VAT on the sale price and premium. Payment is due immediately after adjudication and is payable in Swiss currency against delivery of the coins. Adjudication ensues after the highest bid has been called three times, and commits the bidder to acceptance. Every buyer is personally liable for all purchases made. He cannot claim to act for a third person. Should the purchase price not be paid within the agreed time limit, SINCONA AG may cancel the purchase. The auctioneer has the right at his absolute discretion to refuse any bid. Bids in writing or bids at the sale are taken to imply full acceptance of the conditions of sale. Written bids below the estimated prices cannot be considered. Either/or bids, as well as total price limits, can only be accepted conditionally. Purchase orders in writing will be executed by the auctioneer in the buyer's interest and must reach the auctioneer 24 hours before the start of the sale. The auctioneer is entitled to depart from the numerical order of the catalogue and to join numbers. Lots cannot be divided. The auctioneer has the right, in case of error or dispute, to put an item up for bidding again. The auction will be held in German and sometimes in English. Coins purchased will be dispatched after payment, as soon as possible, for the account and the risk of the buyer. Any duties payable abroad, such as custom duties and taxes, are to be borne entirely by the buyer. The auctioned goods remain the sole and exclusive property of the vendor until full payment. It is the responsibility of the buyer to comply with foreign customs and exchange regulations etc. The organizer of the auction declines all responsibility for any consequences arising from contravention of such regulations. The authenticity of the coins is warranted. The specifications and descriptions in this catalogue have been prepared diligently and in good faith. Justified complaints can only be considered within eight days after the auction. For coins in "SLABS" the guarantee of authenticity no longer applies if the slab is opened. Buyers present at the auction acquire items strictly as seen and complaints will only be considered if obvious defects have been overlooked and not described in the catalogue. Bidders purchasing by written bid have the possibility to inspect the auction lots during the days of viewing themselves, or by sending a representative. Complaints due to a difference in opinion on the state of preservation of a lot will not be considered. No complaint, whatsoever, will be considered for lots containing more than one item. Telephone bids will only be accepted for lots in value of CHF 3000.- or more and must be announced to the auctioneer 48 hours before begin of the auction. A bid of at least the estimation value is a prerequisite. The auction catalogue that is published in the internet has only informative character. For the auction sale the printed catalogue is relevant. The place of performance and court of jurisdiction regarding relations between the organizers of the auction and the buyer shall be Zurich. In all other respects, the conditions are those customary for auction sales held in Zurich. The responsible auctioneer is an official of the SINCONA AG. The municipal representative present at the auction, as well as the Municipality or the State, will take no responsibility for the actions of the auctioneer. These conditions are available in German, French, Russian and English; the German version being definitive in the event of any disputes.

Conditions de la vente
Les conditions suivantes rgissent la vente: Les organisateurs de vente aux enchres peuvent interdire l'accs la salle de vente des personnes sans avoir en expliquer les raisons. En prsence de lacheteur le prix dadjudication est augment dune prime de 15%. Dans le cas d'offres crites, il s'ajoute la commission de 15% du prix d'adjudication une prime de 3%, dans le cas d'offres tlphoniques, le prime additionnel est de 5 %. En cas de livraison en Suisse pour des pices en platine, argent, cuivre, ainsi que pour toutes les mdailles, ordres, antiquits la TVA de 8% est prleve sur le prix dadjudication et la prime. Le paiement est d immdiatement en francs suisses aprs adjudication lors de la remise ou avant lenvoi des monnaies. Ladjudication intervient au troisime appel de lenchre la plus leve et oblige lacheteur accepter les monnaies. Lenchrisseur prsent la vente est seul responsable des enchres portes, mme si celui-ci agit en qualit de mandataire dun tiers. Si le montant d`achat n`est pas rgler dans le dlai convenu, SINCONA AG peut annuler l`achat. Les organisateurs sont aussi en droit de refuser des offres sans en expliquer les raisons. Un ordre donn la vente ou par crit implique la reconnaissance intgrale des conditions de la vente. Les ordres plus bas de nos estimations ne seront pas pris en considration. Les ordres dachats crits seront excuts avec soin par les organisateurs de la vente. Nanmoins, ils ne peuvent tre considrs avec certitude que 24 heures avant le commencement de la vente. Les organisateurs de la vente sont autoriss scarter de lordre prvu dans le catalogue et de grouper les numros. Les lots ne peuvent pas tre spars. En cas de diffrend sur un lot, le lot serait nouveau pass aux enchres. La vente aux enchres s'effectuera en langues allemande et quelque fois en anglaise.

Aprs paiement, nous effectuerons lenvoi des monnaies adjuges aussi vite que possible, aux frais, risques et

prils de lacheteur. Le transfert de proprit nest effectif quau moment o le prix dachat est pay intgralement. Toutes les taxes perues ltranger telles que droits de douane et impts sont par consquent entirement la charge de lacheteur. Lobservation des prescriptions de douane, de changes etc., valables ltranger, incombe lacheteur. Les organisateurs de la vente dclinent toute responsabilit pour les suites ventuelles rsultant de la non-observation de ces prescriptions. L'authenticit des monnaies est garantie. La description ainsi que ltat de conservation de chaque monnaie ont t rigoureusement tudis et sont donns en toute science et conscience. Des rclamations justifies ne peuvent tre prises en considration que dans les huit jours aprs la vente aux enchres. La garantie d`authenticit expire si les monnaies en "SLABS" sont ouverts. Les acqureurs prsents aux enchres seront censs acheter les lots tels quils les auront vus et ne pourront faire valoir de rclamation, au demeurant immdiate, qu propos de dfauts graves passs inaperus. Les enchrisseurs qui soumettent leurs offres par crit auront le loisir de sinformer personnellement, ou par lintermdiaire dun reprsentant, de ltat des lots pendant les journes dexposition. Aucune rclamation ne sera accepte en cas de divergence de vue sur ltat de conservation dun lot. Les lots de une pice ou plus ne pourront donner lieu aucune rclamation. L'offre tlphonique est seulement possible dans des cas exceptionnels et seulement pour des pices avec une valeur d'estimation d'au moins CHF 3000.- et doit tre annonc au moins 48 heures avant le dbut de la vente aux enchres. Une offre inferieure la hauteur de l'estimation ne sera pas prise en considration. Le catalogue publi sur l'internet est seulement informatif. La version imprime est dterminante. Le lieu de paiement et le for en cas de litige entre les organisateurs et lacqureur sont Zurich. En outre, sont applicables, les conditions de vente aux enchres ordinairement en usage Zurich. Le commissaire-priseur responsable est un fonctionnaire de la SINCONA AG. Les actes du commissaire-priseur n'entranent aucune responsabilit de la part du fonctionnaire municipale qui prte son concours la vente, ni de celle de la commune ou de l'Etat. Ces conditions existent en langues allemande, franaise, russe et anglaise, la version allemande faisant foi en cas de divergence.

Zeittafel Ordre de vacations Time table

Montag, 24. Oktober 2011


Vormittag 10.00-12.00 Nachmittag 14.00-18.30 Vormittag 9.30-12.00 Nachmittag 14.00-18.30 Nachmittag 14.00-18.30 Vormittag 09.30-12.00 Nachmittag 14.00-18.30 Nummern Nummern 1- 270 271-932

Dienstag, 25. Oktober 2011


Nummern 933- 1278 Nummern 3001-3591 Nummern 4001-4201 Nummern 4251-4926 Nummern 4927-5376 Nummern 5377-6159

Montag, 31. Oktober 2011 Dienstag, 01. November 2011


Die Mnzen knnen an den folgenden Arbeitstagen, jeweils zwischen 9.00-11.30 Uhr und 14.00-16.00 Uhr besichtigt werden:

Besichtigung Exposition On view

17. Oktober 2011 - 21. Oktober 2011

Besichtung nur gegen Voranmeldung: 24.-25. Oktober 2011 sowie 31. Oktober und 1. November 2011 SINCONA AG, 8001 Zrich, Pelikanstrasse 11 Telefon +41-44 215 10 90 Keine Besichtigung im Auktionssaal mglich! Private Besichtigungen knnen ber Telefon +41-44-215 10 90 vereinbart werden.
Grades of preservation: Proof Degrs de conservation: Flan bruni Fleur de coin Superbe Trs beau Beau Trs bien conserv Bien conserv
Pices dans les slabs de PCGS, NGC et autres d aprs la qualit

Erhaltungsgrade:

Gradi di conservatione:

Polierte Platte Stempelglanz (FDC) Vorzglich Sehr schn Schn Sehr gut erhalten Gut erhalten

Mnzen in Behltnissen von PCGS, NGC und anderen gemss zertifizierter Erhaltung

Uncirculated Extremely fine Very fine Fine Very good Good


Coins in slabs of PCGS, NGC and others according certified quality

Fondo specchio Fior di conio Splendido Bellissimo Molto bello Bello Buono
Monete in slabs da PCGS, NGC ed altri secondo la qualit

SINCONA AG Pelikanstrasse 11 CH-8001 Zrich Telefon +41-(0)44 - 215 10 90 Telefax +41-(0)44 - 215 10 99 info@sincona.com www.sincona.com
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2011 SINCONA AG, Zrich

3001

3002

3013

3012

3014

3015

3016

3032

3041

3042

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3058

3068

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3071

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3103

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3109

3112

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3390 3391 3392 3393 3394 3395

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3473 3474 3475

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Some remarks to this collection It is always a sad duty to catalogue the collection of a collector whom one has known for many years and who has now left us forever. He wished to remain anonymous and I have, of course, respected his desire. However, I would like to say a few words to his person and to the collection in general. I had the privilege to make his acquaintance in 1986, shortly after I had come to Switzerland from Germany. He, himself, had spent many years abroad in some very exotic locations. His love of numismatics extended to the coinage of Brazil, Greek portrait coins, the denarii of the Roman Republic and in the end to the Byzantine Empire. It is this field of collecting that fascinated him. He often told me: Where else can I purchase a beautiful ancient gold coin for 300 to 1000 Francs. The earlier and middle time period of the Byzantine Empire and its coinage interested him more than the later scyphate issues. He actually tried to collect all officina letters of the various emissions, and of course all the other Byzantine mints besides Constantinople. Who knows how extensive his collection would have been if he had started it as a young man instead of in retirement. One thing that he laid great value on was the quality of the coins. The reader of the catalogue will see that the large majority of coins is in conservation extremely fine or better. He enjoyed shifting his coins in his collection as it grew and to read the history behind the men (and women) who issued these. What I learned in writing this catalogue was that numerous pieces were misdescribed, misattributed or mis-cited in the auction catalogues that offered them for sale. Reading the legends is difficult and sometimes impossible, but often the coin itself was not described, the reference text was written and the coin had to fit the description basta! I hope that I myself am not guilty of such errors in this catalogue. I have used the letter G in my descriptions of the legends, even when this letter has been corrupted to a C or just a stroke of the engravers tool. It seemed to me that this was the intent of the engraver and I tried to keep a certain steady line in order to avoid confusion. The letter D at the beginning of the obverse legends also comes in numerous varieties of depiction. I did not want to type a Latin D for every form of this letter in the description and have tried to render the legend as faithfully as possible with the tools at hand. Otherwise I have also tried to portray the legends as they are on the coins, but this is difficult as many letters or symbols are not available on the normal word programs and I wrote an auction catalogue and not a new book on Byzantine coinage. Nevertheless I hope this catalogue will remind us of a passionate collector, a friendly and interesting individual and of someone who will be missed by his family, myself, and the numismatic community. July 2011, L. N.-L.

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ANASTASIUS I

IMPORTANT COLLECTION OF BYZANTINE COINS


Enlargements, as long as not otherwise mentioned, 1,5:1

ANASTASIUS I, 491-518
Anastasius was born ca. 430 AD in Dyrrhachium. He had a long and outstanding career in the civil service but was not in any actual position of power. However, he was a close advisor to the Empress Ariadne, wife of the Emperor Zeno. When Zeno died, leaving no designated successor in 491, Ariadne chose Anastasius to be the next emperor and married him. Although Anastasius was already over 60 when he became emperor, he lived until the age of ca. 88, outliving his younger wife who died in 515. Anastasius was an able emperor and specially talented in the field of finance. At his death he supposedly left his successor 320000 pounds of gold in the state treasury. This money was used by Justinian I for the re-conquest of great portions of the Roman Empire. Anastasius reformed the monetary system, introducing new bronze currency denominations. These were clearly marked in terms of the basic unit nummus. Gold and silver denominations remained unchanged. The main difficulties he faced during his long reign were in the field of religion. He supported the monophysite heresy, which maintained that the nature of Christ was entirely divine. This was popular in the eastern provinces but not in the Byzantine heartland that professed the Chalcedonian Creed, Christ had a dual nature divine and human. This even led to a major revolt by the master of soldiers Vitalian. Worship of the pagan gods was forcibly suppressed by Anastasius. He had an uneasy relationship with the Germanic kingdoms in the West. The sovereign Visigothic King Theoderic ruled pro forma in the name of the Eastern emperor. Even the Merovingian Chlodwig I was an honorary Roman consul. In the East Anastasius battled the Sasanians, who defeated a Roman army of 50000 men. However a peace was agreed upon which, though fragile, held some 20 years. He died on July 10, 518 leaving no heir or designated successor.

Mint of Constantinople

3001

3001

Solidus 491/492. Officina I. Obv. D N ANASTAS IO PERP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. No device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE 3a. S. 3. 4,42 g. Very rare. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gemini I New York. January 11, 2005. Lot 571 Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 50. Supposedly only the second specimen recorded (Gemini).

1500.-

15

ANASTASIUS I

3002

3002

Solidus 491/492. Officina I. Obv. D N ANASTAS IVS PERP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3j var. MIBE 3a. S. 3. 4,48 g. Rare. Very slight double strike. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 132 Munich. November 27, 2006. Lot 571.

1000.-

3003

3003

Solidus 492/507. Officina A. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3a. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,51 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 48 Heidelberg. November 15, 2007. Lot 275.

800.-

3004

3004

Solidus 492/507. Officina B. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR I A AVGGG B Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3b. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,42 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 399 Frankfurt a. M. November 4, 2009. Lot 454.

800.-

16

ANASTASIUS I

3005 Solidus 492/507. Officina . Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR I A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3c. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,46 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Astarte Lugano. October 28, 1999. Lot 1290.

3005

600.-

3006

3006

Solidus 492/507. Officina . Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR I A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3d. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,35 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 775.

500.-

3007

3007

Solidus 492/507. Officina . Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR I A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3e. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,48 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 132 Munich. November 27, 2006. Lot 572.

700.-

17

ANASTASIUS I

3008

3008

Solidus 492/507. Officina S. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR I A AVGGG S Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3f. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,46 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. May 7, 2006. Lot 276.

500.-

3009

3009

Solidus 492/507. Officina H. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG H Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3g. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,47 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 151 Munich. October 9, 2006. Lot 503. The officina letter H is somewhat unusually shaped. Almost an inverted Z.

750.-

3010 3010 Solidus 492/507. Officina . Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3h. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,46 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1086.

400.-

18

ANASTASIUS I

3011 3011 Solidus 492/507. Officina I. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3i. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,41 g. Extremey fine.
Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen AG 86 Basel. Lot 238 Ex Auction Auctiones 11 Basel. 1980. Lot 563.

750.-

3012 3012 Solidus 492/507. Officina I. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Cross on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4b. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,47 g. Scarce variety with cross on helmet. Uncirculated-almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. 1999. Lot 1292.

1500.-

3013 3013 Solidus 492/507. Officina I. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Cross on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Victory standing to l. holding long cross. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4b. MIBE 4a. S. 3. 4,46 g. Scarce variety with cross on helmet. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 63 Zurich. September 6, 2005. Lot 484.

1200.-

19

ANASTASIUS I

3014 3014 Solidus 507/518. Officina A. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. No device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Christogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 6 (officina not listed). MIBE 6. S. 4. 4,49 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Astarte Lugano. October 28, 1999. Lot 1292.

1200.-

3015 3015 Solidus 507/518. Officina . Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Circlet with trefoil on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by l. headed Christogram. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 6b. MIBE 6a. S. 4. 4,42 g. Virtually as struck. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 40 Zurich. May 16, 2007. Lot 917.

1500.-

3016 3016 Solidus 507/518. Officina I. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. No device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Christogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 6 (officina not listed). MIBE 6 (officina not listed). S. 4 (officina not listed). 4,49 g. Slight die flaws. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Astarte Lugano. October 28, 1999. Lot 1291.

1000.-

20

ANASTASIUS I

3017 3017 Solidus 507/518. Officina A. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil and circlet device on helmet. Rev. VICTOR - I A AVGGG A Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7a. MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,38 g. Extremely fine.
Ex private purchase 2000.

400.-

3018 3018 Solidus 507/518. Officina B. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG B Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7b. MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,48 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 132. November 27, 2006. Lot 577.

500.-

3019 3019 Solidus 507/518. Officina . Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7c. MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,43 g. Tiny die flaws. Uncirculated.
Ex private purchase 2000

500.-

21

ANASTASIUS I

3020 3020 Solidus 507/518. Officina . Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. No device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5 (officina not listed). MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,48 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 132. November 27, 2006. Lot 579.

500.-

3021 3021 Solidus 507/518. Officina . Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7e var. MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,47 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 29, 1998. Lot 572.

400.-

3022 3022 Solidus 507/518. Officina S. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG S Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7f. MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,45 g. Extremely fine.
Ex private purchase 2000.

600.-

22

ANASTASIUS I

3023 3023 Solidus 507/518. Officina Z. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Z Victory standing to l., holding long staff surmounted by Christogram inverted. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7g.2. MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,47 g. Almost uncirculated-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 317. October 27, 2010. Lot 971.

800.-

3024 3024 Solidus 507/518. Officina H. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG H Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7g. MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,44 g. Broad flan. High relief. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny 151 Munich. October 9, 2006. Lot 509.

750.-

3025 3025 Solidus 507/518. Officina I. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7j. MIBE 7. S. 5. 4,28 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52 Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3612.

500.-

23

ANASTASIUS I

Fractions

3026 3026 Semissis 492/507. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGGG Victory seated to r. on shield and cuirass, inscribing XXXX on shield set on knee. Star to l., inverted Staurogramcross on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 8. MIBE 9. S. 6. 2,05 g. Rare. Slightly buckled. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 124 Osnabrck. March 16, 2007. Lot 7695.

400.-

3027

3027

Semissis 507/518. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGGG Victory seated to r. on shield and cuirass, inscribing XXXX on shield set on knee. Star to l., Staurogramcross on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9. MIBE 10. S. 7. 2,13 g. Rare. Almost extremely fine.

750.-

3028 3028 Tremissis 491/492. Obv. D N ANASTAS IVS PRP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Victory advancing to r., looking l. Wreath in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10b. MIBE 11. S. 8. 1,48 g. Very rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Jean Elsen 101 Bruxelles. June 13, 2009. Lot 306.

800.-

24

ANASTASIUS I

3029 3029 Tremissis 492/518. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Victory advancing to r., looking l. Wreath in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10a. MIBE 12. S. 8. 1,48 g. Well centred and struck. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 181 Munich. October 12, 2009. Lot 2572.

500.-

3030

3031 3030 3030 Tremissis 492/518. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Victory advancing to r., looking l. Wreath in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10a. MIBE 12. S. 8. 1,48 g. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 200.

3031

200.-

3031

Tremissis (1/2 semissis ?) 492/518. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Victory advancing to r., looking l. Wreath in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10a. MIBE 12. S. 8. 0,96 g. Under weight! Fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 240.

100.-

Mint of Thessalonica

3032 3032 Solidus 492/518. Obv. D N ANASTA SIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTOR - I A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram with P inverted to l. Star on l. and r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 27. MIBE 15. Metcalf 260ff. var. S. 30. 4,37 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich. May 1992.

1500.-

25

JUSTINUS I

JUSTINUS I, 518-527
Justinus was born ca. 450 in Naissus in the province of Dacia to a peasant family. He made a career in the army, first rather unsuccessful in the war against the Sasanians, but had more fortune as an admiral in the war against the usurper Vitalian in 515, whereupon he was promoted to the command of the Palace Guards (excubitores). After the death of Anastasius he was raised on a shield by the Guard and proclaimed emperor. The contemporary historian Procopius wrote of him ..a doddering old man, totally illiterateuncouth to the extreme, utterly inarticulate and incredibly boorish. It has been generally assumed that he was under the domination of his brilliant nephew Petrus Sabbatius (Justinianus I) from the beginning of his reign. However closer historical studies do reveal a more complex image. Apparently he was quite able in the politics that led to his acclamation, relying on the army for his backing, and not untalented in intrigue. His reign was marked by beginning uneasiness with the Germanic kings in the West. The Visigoths who supported Arianism began to see the Roman church as an ally of the Eastern Roman Emperor. He actively sought support and reconciliation with the Roman church, paving the way for support for an expansion of Byzantine influence in the West. In the East the peace with the Sasanians was broken but the war brought no decisive result. He died on August 1, 527 leaving his nephew Justinianus I as his successor.

Mint of Constantinople

3033

3033

Solidus 518/522. Officina B. D N IVSTI - NVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG B Victory standing to l., holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram inverted. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 1a. MIBE 2. S. 55. 4,47 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 151 Munich. October 9, 2006. Lot 515.

750.-

26

JUSTINUS I

3034 3034 Solidus 518/522. Officina . D N IVSTI - NVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. No device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Victory standing to l., holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram inverted. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 1b. MIBE 2.S. 55. 4,43 g. Uncirculated.
Purchased privately 2000.

750.-

3035 3035 Solidus 518/522. Officina H. D N IVSTI - NVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG H Victory standing to l., holding long staff surmounted by Staurogram inverted. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 1f. MIBE 2. S. 55. 4,37 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. November 9, 2006. Lot 29.

600.-

3036 3036 Solidus 522/527. Officina B. D N IVSTI - NVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing. Shield with decoration on l. shoulder. Spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG B Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 2b. MIBE 3. S. 56. 4,47 g. High relief. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 151 Munich. October 9, 2006. Lot 514.

800.-

27

JUSTINUS I

3037 3037 Solidus 522/527. Officina . D N IVSTI - NVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing. Shield with decoration on l. shoulder. Spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 2e. MIBE 3. S. 56. 4,45 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 128 Chicago. January 2001. Lot 42

600.-

3038 3038 Solidus 522/527. Officina H. D N IVSTI - NVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing. Shield with decoration on l. shoulder. Spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. No device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG H Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 2 (officina not listed). MIBE 3. S. 56. 4,67 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 640.

500.-

Fractions

3039 3039 Semissis 518/527. Obv. D N IVSTI NVS PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGGG Victory seated on shield to r., inscribing shield with XXXX. Star on l. Staurogramcross on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3. MIBE 4. S. 57. 2,22 g. Good extremely fine.
Purchased privately 2000.

300.-

28

JUSTINUS I

3040

3040

Tremissis 518/527. Obv. IVSTI NVS PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA VGVSTORVM Victory standing facing, head turned to l., holding wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4. MIBE 5. S. 58. 1,50 g. Perfectly centred on broad flan. Wonderful specimen. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 537. An unusual coin. Wonderfully struck and centred with a broad rim resembling the Langobardian issues. Definitely not a barbaric issue but still falling out of context with the usual Constantinople coins. Well worth some more scientific research.

750.-

Mint of Thessalonica

3041

3041

Solidus 518/522. No officina. Obv. D N IVSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing. Shield with decoration on l. shoulder. Spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long cross; star on r. and l. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE 6. Metcalf 271 (this specimen). S. 77A. 4,46 g. Very rare. Slight weak striking on obv. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk Chicago. June 1982. Lot 14.

1000.-

29

JUSTINUS I AND JUSTINIANUS I

JUSTINUS I AND JUSTINIANUS I, APRIL 4 AUGUST 1, 527


Justinianus was named co-emperor by Justinus I on April 4, 527 in order to promote a smooth succession of power. Justinianus had already been named Caesar in 525 and made imperial policy in the name of his uncle in the latter part of his reign.

Mint of Constantinople

3042

3042

Solidus 527. Officina B. Obv. D N IVSTIN T IVSTINIAN PP AVG Justin on l. and Justinian on r., both nimbate, seated facing. Their hands clasped in front of breasts. Their r. knees advanced. Cross above between them. CONOB in exergue. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG B Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. W. E. Metcalf, The Joint Reign Gold of Justin I and Justinian I, ANSNS 17. New York 1988. 6. MIBE 1c. S. 115B. 4,46 g. Rare. Tiny marks on obv. Good very fine.
Purchased directly from UBS AG 2000.

3000.-

3043

3043

Solidus 527. Officina I. Obv. D N IVSTIN T IVSTINIAN PP AVG Justin on l. and Justinian on r., both nimbate, seated facing. Each holding globe in his l. hand. Their l. knees advanced. Cross above between them. CONOB in exergue. Rev. VICTOR - I A AVGGG I Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5 var. W. E. Metcalf, The Joint Reign Gold of Justin I and Justinian I, ANSNS 17. New York 1988. 1d, 24d (this coin). MIBE 1d. S. 120. 4,48 g. Rare. Tiny planchet fault on obv. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 784. Ex Auction Hess-Leu 41 Lucerne. April 24, 1969. Lot 734.

4000.-

30

JUSTINUS I AND JUSTINIANUS I

2:1

3044

3044

Solidus 527. Officina S. Obv. D N IVSTIN T IVSTINIAN PP AVG Both emperors nimbate, dressed in chlamys, seated facing on throne represented by uprights and cross bar. Each holds globe in l. hand, r. hand pressed to breast. Cross above and between them. CONOB in exergue. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG S Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3 (officina not listed). Metcalf 42a. MIBE 2c. S. 118 (officina not listed). 4,48 g. Very rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 180 Munich. October 12, 2009. Lot 479.

5000.-

31

JUSTINIANUS I

JUSTINIANUS I, 527-565
Perhaps the greatest of the Byzantine Emperors, Justinianus I already formulated imperial policy during the reign of his uncle Justinus I. His driving goal was to restore the former greatness of the Roman Empire as it had been under Trajan and Hadrian. In the East he waged an on and off struggle with the Sasanians under their dynamic king Khusro I. who managed to pillage Antioch. At the same time he embarked on the re-conquest of the West. In surprisingly short time the Vandals were vanquished in North Africa which became a Byzantine province in 534. The war against the Goths was a different matter. It lasted from 535 until 553. Rome was taken three times by the Byzantines and twice by the Visigoths. Naples, Ravenna and Milan were all besieged and in the end, after the Byzantine victory, the Romans became just another Byzantine province, heavily taxed and the former senatorial aristocracy losing all power and wealth. In Spain the West Roman senator Liberius was able to conquer the south-eastern Iberic peninsula and it remained under Byzantine control for 80 years. All Mediterranean islands were also now under the rule of Constantinople and the Mediterranean was once more a Roman lake. One of his major achievements was the codification of Roman law, the Codex Iustinianus, which was published in 533 and 534. He was also the builder of Christendoms greatest church the Hagia Sophia, the most important architectural monument of late Antiquity. He rebuilt Antioch after the Sasanian conquest and a devastating earthquake. The monastery in the Sinai, the market gate of Miletus, buildings in Ephesus and many more architectural projects were initiated by the emperor. This could only be financed by heavy taxation and unrest in Constantinople led to the so called Nika-Revolt that was quelled at the cost of 30000 lives. In religious matters he suppressed all pagan activities, even the Neoplatonic Academy in Athens was placed under state control. The Manicheans emigrated to Persia. The Jews were barely tolerated. The Orthodox Church sanctified Justinianus and his wife Theodora. Procopius wrote that it is not possible for man or God to determine how many lives were destroyed by this man. Numismatically interesting is that under Justinianus I the Empire maintained 15-17 mints, some only coining bronze: Constantinople, Thessalonica, Cherson, Nicomedia, Cyzicus, Antiochia, Alexandria, Carthage, Constantine in Numidia?, Rome, Ravenna, Perugia, a Sicilian mint in probably Syracuse, some uncertain Italian mint, Salona? and Carthagena?. Justinianus left his heir an empire almost as great as the Roman Empire before the division, but at a costly price and on an already crumbling foundation.

Mint of Constantinople

3045

3045

Solidus 527/537. Officina A. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3a. MIBE 5. S. 137. 4,44 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 259.

400.-

32

JUSTINIANUS I

3046 3046 Solidus 527/537. Officina B. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3b. MIBE 5. S. 137 4,46 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Genevensis Geneva. November 18, 2002. Lot 160. (Erroneously classified as DOC 3a)

600.-

3047 3047 Solidus 527/537. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3e. MIBE 5. S. 137. 4,44 g. Tiny scratch. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 132 Munich. November 27, 2006. Lot 587.

400.-

3048 3048 Solidus 527/537. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3h. MIBE 5. S. 137. 4,42 g. Broad planchet. Mint clip. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 256.

400.-

33

JUSTINIANUS I

3049 3049 Solidus 537/542. Officina A. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Angel standing facing with long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 8 (officina unlisted). MIBE 6. S. 139. 4,47 g. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica Q Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 2091.

400.-

3050 3050 Solidus 537/542. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing with long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 8b. MIBE 6. S. 139. 4,36 g. Extremely fine-about extremely fine.
Private purchase 2000.

400.-

3051 3051 Solidus 537/542. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing with long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 8c. MIBE 6. S. 139. 4,47 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1099.

500.-

34

JUSTINIANUS I

3052 3052 Solidus 537/542. Officina Z. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Z Angel standing facing with long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 8e. MIBE 6. S. 139. 4,38 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 21.

600.-

3053 3053 Solidus 537/542. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Trefoil device on helmet. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing with long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 8g. MIBE 6. S. 139. 4,46 g. Tiny scratch on rev. Double strike. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk Chicago. June 1982. Lot 15.

700.-

3054 3054 Solidus 542/565. Officina A. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogramstaff; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9a. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,49 g. Uncirculated-about uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 112 Chicago. January 2000. Lot 59

500.-

35

JUSTINIANUS I

3055 3055 Solidus 542/565. Officina B. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG B Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogramstaff; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9b. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,36 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Frankfurter Mnzhandlung 150 Frankfurt a. M. December 2, 1998. Lot 35.

300.-

3056 3056 Solidus 542/565. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogramstaff; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9c. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,37 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 109 Chicago. July 1999. Lot 54.

500.-

3057 3057 Solidus 542/565. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogramstaff; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9d. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,48 g. Almost uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1103. The style and fabric tends somewhat toward a western mint, possibly Sicily?

400.-

36

JUSTINIANUS I

3058 3058 Solidus 542/565. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogram; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9e. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,48 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 46 Zurich. April 2, 2008. Lot 756.

1000.-

3059 3059 Solidus 542/565. Officina Z. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Z Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogram; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9g. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,49 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik Munich. Auction 132. November 27, 2006. Lot 591.

500.-

3060 3060 Solidus 542/565. Officina H. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG H Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogramstaff; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9h. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,47 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 92 Munich. June 4, 1999. Lot 1242.

500.-

37

JUSTINIANUS I

3061 3061 Solidus 542/565. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogramstaff; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9i. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,50 g. Minor marks. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 40 Zurich. May 16, 2007. Lot 925.

500.-

3062 3062 Solidus 542/565. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogramstaff; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOP in exergue. DOC 9i var. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,40 g. Some marks on rev. and rather weak strike. Otherwise uncirculated.
Ex Mzhandlung Athina, Geneva. Bought during the Zurich Int. Coin Fair in Oerlikon 2001. The P instead of B in CONOB seems to be the result of poor die cutting and weak striking and has no other significance.

300.-

3063 3063 Solidus 542/565. Officina I. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogramstaff; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 9j. MIBE 7. S. 140. 4,44 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 211.

300.-

38

JUSTINIANUS I

Fractions

3064

3064

Semissis 527/552. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGGG Victory seated to r. on shield, inscribing numerals on shield resting on knee. Right headed Staurogramcross on r. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 17. MIBE 17. S. 143. 2,18 g. Broad planchet. Good very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 158 Osnabrck. September 28, 2009. Lot 621.

500.-

3065

3065

Semissis 527/552. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGGG Victory seated to r. on shield, inscribing numerals on shield resting on knee. Left headed Staurogramcross on r. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 18. MIBE 18. S. 144. 2,22 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 212.

150.-

3066

3066

Tremissis 527/565. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Victory advancing to r., head turned l., holding wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 19. MIBE 19. S. 145. 1,51 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 214.

150.-

39

JUSTINIANUS I

Mint of Thessalonica

3067

3067

Solidus 527/542. No officina, Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with Pegasus device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Victory standing to l. holding long cross, star in l. and r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE 20. Metcalf 298ff. var. S. 173A. 4,20 g. Rare. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 135 Munich. May 21, 2007. Lot 975. (Here misdescribed as S. 173B).

150.-

3068

3068

Solidus 542/562. No officina. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with Pegasus device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe without cross in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7 (Constantinople). Metcalf 318 (this coin). MIBE 22. S. 138 (Constantinople, but states that Hahns attribution to Thessalonica may be preferable). 4,40 g. Rare. Well centred and perfectly struck. Minor marks. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 2000. Lot 789. (While the citations are all correct, the coin is described in the text as angel holding staurogramstaff and globe cruciger. Neither apply.) Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen AG 35, June 15, 1967. Lot 216.

1500.-

40

JUSTINIANUS I

3069

3069

Solidus 562/565. No officina. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with Pegasus device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe without cross in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7 (Constantinople). Metcalf 321ff. var. MIBE 22. S. 138 (Constantinople, but states that Hahns attribution to Thessalonica may be preferable). 4,49 g. Superb extremely fine.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1999. Lot 1298. Misdescribed in the Triton catalogue. MIBE 23 describes a coin with staurogram-topped staff in angels hand. Sear 173C does so as well). This coin features a plain long cross.

2000.-

Fractions

3070

3070

Tremissis 552/565. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Victory advancing to r., head turned l. Wreath in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE 24b (obverse identical die). S. 173E. 1,44 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 133 Munich. October 11, 2004. Lot 568. The Thessalonica tremisses are only distinguishable from the issues of Constantinople by style. Luckily this specimen matched dies with a coin attributed to Thessalonica by Prof. Hahn.

400.-

41

JUSTINIANUS I

Mint of Carthage

3071

3071

Solidus 545/546. Indiction . Obv. DN IVSTINI - ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing. Star on breast. Globe cruciger with flayed cross ends in r. hand. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 277d var. Ccile Morrison, Carthage: The Moneta Aurei -, in ANS NS 17, New York 1988. MIBE 25 var. S. 250 var. 4,41 g. Slight bend. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 101 Munich. March 6, 2000. Lot 1086. (the G&M text describes the coin with PF in the obv. legend. It is PP). An obverse bust with a star on the cuirass is apparently unpublished. All other indictional year coins have the year recut over Z. This specimen clearly does not.

1000.-

3072

3072

Solidus 546/547. Indiction I. Obv. DN IVSTINI - ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing. Globe cruciger with flayed cross ends in r. hand. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR - I A AVGGG I Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 277e. Morrison 38 (rev. identical die). MIBE 25. S. 250. 4,46 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 1998. Lot 574.

600.-

42

JUSTINIANUS I

3073

3073

Solidus 547/548. Indiction IA. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with Pegasus device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG IA Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with cross; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 277a. Morrison 57ff. MIBE 25. S. 250. 4,38 g. Rare. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 132 Munich. November 27, 2006. Lot 589.

400.-

Mint of Rome

3074

3074

Solidus 537/542. Pseudo-Officina A. Obv. D N IVSTINIA NVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing, circlet with trefoil on helmet. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Angel with long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand standing facing. Star on r. ROMOB in exergue. DOC 319 var. MIB 28 var. S. 290 var. 4,45 g. Extremely rare, perhaps only 3-4 known of the type and perhaps the first with this obverse legend division. Slight bend. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 1998. Lot 575. All other known specimens have the obverse legend divided IVSTINI ANVS. This is the first of solidi under Byzantine rule after the General Belisarius reconquered the city of Rome from the Visigothic king Witiges in 536. Undoubtedly the legend ROMOB was placed on the coin for its propagandistic value, proclaiming the reconquest of the Eternal City by its rightful owner, the emperor Justinian I.

6000.-

43

JUSTINIANUS I

3075

3075

Solidus 537/542. Mint sign R. Obv. D N IVSTINI - ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing, circlet with trefoil on helmet. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG R Angel with long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand standing facing. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE 30. S. 288B. 4,41 g. Extremely rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Astarte VI Lugano. November 2000. Lot 596.

2500.-

3076

3076

Solidus 537/542. Mint sign R. Obv. D N IVSTINI - ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing, circlet with trefoil on helmet. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG R Angel with long cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand standing facing. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE 30. S. 288B. 4,30 g. Extremely rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 21 Zurich. May 17, 2001. Lot 610.

2500.-

44

JUSTINIANUS I

3077

3077

Solidus 542/546. Officina A. Obv. D N IVSTINI - ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing, circlet with trefoil on helmet. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Angel with long Staurogramcross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand standing facing. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. MIBE 34. Monte Judica Hoard 62 (this coin). S. 291. 4,48 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 22. (Berk states this is the specimen Monte Judica 64. It is Monte Judica 62.)

2000.-

3078

3078

Solidus 542/546. Officina A. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogram; in l. hand globe cruciger. Dot to the l. side of the angels head. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 320a var. MIBE 34 var. S. 291 var. 4,45 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Athina, Geneva. Purchased at the Zurich International Coin Convention in Oerlikon November 2000. The small, neat portrait tends to support the assignment to the mint of Rome. The western mints seemed to have the more talented die cutters. However, some authorities have tended to assign such pieces to Constantinople.

500.-

45

JUSTINIANUS I

3079

3079

Solidus 542/546. Officina A. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG A Angel standing facing, holding Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. No star in field. DOC -. MIBE N34. S. 291 var. 4,43 g. Slightly wavy. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 85. (The Sothebys cataloguer did not notice that there is no star in the field, nevertheless he wrote: star in right field. It is surprising how many Byzantine coins are described according to the book used and not the coin itself.

1000.-

3080

3080

Solidus 542/546. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP G Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand staff with Staurogram; in l. hand globe cruciger. Star in r. field. CONOI in exergue. DOC 320c2. MIBE 34 var. S. 291. 4,36 g. Marks on reverse. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 21 Zurich, May 17, 2001. Lot 611.

1000.-

46

JUSTINIANUS I

3081

3081

Solidus 542/546. Officina . Obv. D N IVSTINI - ANVS PP AIC Helmeted, armoured bust facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR I A AVCCC Angel standing facing, holding Staurogramcross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 291. MIBE 34. Monte Judica Hoard 66 var. S. 291. 4,40 g. About uncirculated.
Ex direct purchase UBS AG 1999. The Monte Judica specimen has a dot within the last C of the reverse legend. Apparently these dots are control signs of some kind and need to be interpreted further.

1000.-

Mint of Ravenna

3082

3082

Solidus 546/565. Officina or year . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AV Helmeted, armoured bust facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, holding Staurogramcross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB (B malformed) in exergue. DOC 333a. MIBE 37.7 (identical reverse die). S. 312. 4,38 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Athina S. A. Geneva. Purchased at the Zurich International Coin Fair in Oerlikon November 2000.

600.-

47

JUSTINIANUS I

3083

3083

Solidus 546/565. Officina or year S. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR - I A AVGGG S Angel standing facing, holding Staurogramcross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 333b var. MIBE 37. Monte Judica Hoard 68 (this specimen). S. 312. 4,48 g. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 89.

1000.-

Fractions

3084

3084

Tremissis c. 556/565. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AV Draped, cuirassed bust to r. with diadem. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTOR Victory advancing to r., head to l., in r. hand wreath, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE 41. S. 312D. 1,48 g. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 1999. Lot 574,

400.-

48

JUSTINIANUS I

Mint in Sicily

3085

3085

Solidus 557/559. Officina or year Z. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR - I A AVGGG z Angel standing facing, holding Staurogramcross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 333c (identical reverse die). MIBE NV37. S. 312 (Ravenna). 4,47 g. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica Zurich. May 15, 1999. Lot 573. NAC classified the coin according to the then available literature. In light of new research and publications it is now considered to be from a mint in Sicily. Note the engravers error and correction of the letter R (first engraved as P) in the reverse legend. The mint/year mark Z is unusually small.

700.-

3086

3086

Solidus 546/565. Officina or year . Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Angel standing facing, holding Staurogramcross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE NV37. S. 328D. 4,50 g. Slightly wavy and tiny marks. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 109 Chicago. July 1999. Lot 64.

600.-

49

JUSTINIANUS I

Ostrogothic Mint

3087

3087

Solidus 527/565. Officina I. Obv. D N IVSTINI ANVS PP AVG Helmeted, armoured bust facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Angel standing facing, holding plain cross in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. eONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE -. S. 312A var. 4,53 g. Small marks. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 109 Chicago. July 1999. Lot 63. Ex Auction CNG 43. 1997. Lot 2662. Berk placed this coin under Ravenna and refers to another plain cross solidus described by M. D. OHara in Schweizer Mnzbltter 26, 1976 pp. 82-83. However this piece varies in the officina, having an 8-pointed star and a retrograde C in CONOB. I feel more comfortable with placing this coin under an Ostrogothic mint, as did the CNG cataloguer.

500.-

Unidentified Barbaric Mint

3088

3088

Solidus. Barbaric Imitation. Obv. D H IVSTIHI ANVS PP AVC Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Shield on l. shoulder; spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOI VCCCII Angel standing facing, holding long cross in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on r. COHOB in exergue. DOC -. MIBE -. S. -. 4,56 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 254.

300.-

50

JUSTINUS II

JUSTINUS II, 565-578


A nephew of Justinianus I, he was proclaimed emperor by portions of the Senate and the military. After assuming office, he was immediately faced with numerous problems. Though apparently wise in fiscal and administrative matters, he was not fortunate in dealing with the military problems on his borders. In 568 the Langobardians invaded Italy and most of the territory that had been gained by Justinianus I was lost. The eastern frontier became a war theatre again in 572 when the annual tribute of 300000 solidi paid by the Byzantines to the Sasanians was discontinued. The war lasted until 576 when the Sasanians were defeated, but at the cost of troops being used that were direly needed in the West. Since the beginning of 574 Justinus showed signs of mental illness and the General Flavius Tiberius Constantinus was named Caesar and effectively ran the government for Justinus. In September 578 he was raised to Augustus and was officially co-ruler until Justinus death in October.

Mint of Constantinople

3089

3089

Solidus 565/567. Officina . Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5 (officina not listed. MIB 1. S. 346. 4,34 g. From somewhat weak dies. Extremely fine.
Ex private purchase 2000.

500.-

3090

3090

Solidus 565/567. Officina Z. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Z Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. Star on l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5 (officina not listed). MIB 1. S. 346. 4,44 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. October 26, 2007. Lot 244.

500.-

51

JUSTINUS II

3091 3091 Solidus 567/568. Regnal year C. Officina . Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG . Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. C on l. CONOB. in exergue. DOC 7. MIB 3b. S. 348. 4,42 g. Slight bend. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. Lot 103. Note the dots after the officina letter and CONOB on reverse.

750.-

3092 3092 Solidus 567/578. Officina . Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG . Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4d. MIB 4. S. 345. 4,41 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 27 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 222.

350.-

3093 3093 Solidus 567/578. Officina S. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AYGGG S. Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4d. MIB 4. S. 345. 4,49 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 102 Chicago. May 27, 1998. Lot 27.

400.-

52

JUSTINUS II

3094 3094 Solidus 567/578. Officina Z. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Z. Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4f. MIB 4. S. 345. 4,50 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1118.

400.-

3095 3095 Solidus 567/578. Officina Z. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Z (inverted). Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4f var. MIB 4. S. 345. 4,45 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk Chicago. February 15, 1983. Lot 22.

400.-

3096 3096 Solidus 567/578. Officina H. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG H Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. CONOB in exergue. DOC 199. MIB 4. S. 345. 4,49 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 317 Zurich. October 27, 2010. Lot 980.

1000.-

53

JUSTINUS II

Fractions

3097 3097 Semissis 565/578. Obv. D N IVSTI NVS PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGGG Victory seated to r., inscribing shield. Star on l., inverted Staurogram on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 12. MIB 10. S. 352. 2,13 g. Die flaw. Extremely fine-very fine.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. October 26, 2007. Lot 245.

200.-

3098 3098 Tremissis 565/578. Obv. D N IVSTI NVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with pearl diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Victory advancing to r., head turned l.. In r. hand wreath, in l. hand globe cruciger. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 13. MIB 11a. S. 353. 1,44 g. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 109 Chicago. July 1999. Lot 67.

100.-

Mint of Thessalonica

3099 3099 Solidus 567/578. No officina. Obv. D N IVSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB 16. Monte Judica Hoard 82 (this coin). Metcalf, Thessalonica 375 (this coin). S. 364D (this coin). 4,48 g. A splendid specimen. Virtually as struck. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 105. Ex Fixed Price List 434. Mnzen & Medaillen AG Basel. June 1981. No. 21.

4000.-

54

JUSTINUS II

Mint of Theoupolis (Antioch)

3100

3100

Light weight solidus of 22 siliquae 567/578. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG S Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. OB+ in exergue. DOC 138. MIB 8. S. 376. 4,04 g. Rare. Good extremely fine-extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1123.

650.-

Mint of Alexandria

3101

3101

Solidus 565/567. Officina I Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VIC(TORI) A AVGGG I Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Cross in l. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 6 (Constantinople). MIB 13a. S. 347. 4,23 g. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 23. W. Hahn, MIB pp. 39-40, explains convincingly why this issue is minted in Alexandria and not in Constantinople.

700.-

55

JUSTINUS II

3102

3102

Solidus c. 567/578. Officina I. Obv. D N I VSTI IIVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VIC(TORI) A AVGGG I Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Cross with Staurogram in l. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 6 (Constantinople). MIB 14. S. 347A. 4,51 g. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 21 Zurich. May 17, 2001. Lot 613.

600.-

Mint of Carthage

3103

3103

Solidus 572/573. Indictional year S. Obv. D N IVSTI NVS PP AV Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG S Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 190d. Morrison 16. MIB 18b. S. 391. 4,46 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 55 Osnabrck. March 8, 2000. Lot 3325. The Knker cataloguer erroneously gives the indictional year as an officina. According to Morrison year 570/571.

1000.-

56

JUSTINUS II

3104

3104

Solidus 573/574. Indictional year Z. Obv. D N IVSTI NVS PP AV Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Z Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 190e. Morrison 18ff. var. MIB 18b. S. 391. 4,46 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 46 Chicago. December 16, 1986. Lot 192. According to Morrison year 571/572.

1000.-

3105

3105

Solidus 576/577. Indictional year I. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AV Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG I Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 190d. Morrison 34ff. var. MIB 18b. S. 391, 4,31 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 109. According to Morrison year 574/575.

750.-

57

JUSTINUS II

Mint of Ravenna

3106

3106

Solidus 567/578. Officina Z. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Z (inverted) Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 210a. MIB 20c. S. 407. 4,46 g. Splendid specimen on broad flan. Virtually as struck. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 18, 1999. Lot 575.

1500.-

3107

3107

Solidus 567/578. Officina P. (Prima?) Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG P Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 210b2 (identical dies). MIB 21. S. 407. 4,32 g. Slight bend. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica I Zurich. May 19, 1999. Lot 2429. The top bar of the B in CONOB is missing, thus making it seem like CONOH (listed as such in DOC).

500.-

58

JUSTINUS II

3108

3108

Solidus 567/578. Officina D. Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG D Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 210b1. MIB 21. S. 407. 4,31 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 18, 1999. Lot 577. Whether there is really am officina mark D is rather doubtful. It seems more likely that the D is really a rather poorly cut P.

700.-

3109

3109

Solidus 567/578. Officina or . Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, holding in r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG or . Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned r., holding spear in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB -. S. 407 var. 4,44 g. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 25. Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 113.

800.-

59

JUSTINUS II

Fractions

3110

3110

Tremissis 567/578. Obv. D N IVSTI NVS PP AVG Draped, cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Victory advancing r., head turned l., wreath in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB below. DOC 212. MIB 26. S. 410. 1,45 g. Perfectly centred on broad flan. Superb extremely fine.
Ex Auction Astarte Zurich. May 11, 1998. Lot 358.

500.Mint in Sicily

3111

3111

Solidus 569/570. Indictional year . Obv. D N I VSTI NVS PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing ; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. In r. hand globe surmounted by Victory with wreath. Rev. VICTORI A AVGGG Constantinopolis seated facing, head turned to r. Spear in r. hand, globe cruciger in left. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB -. S. 416A. Hahn, The Monte Judica Hoard -. 4,39 g Extremely fine-almost extremely fine.
Ex Marguerite Dennewald-Pescatore Collection. Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. November 9, 2006. Lot 104. The allocation to a Sicilian mint is questionable. It may just as well be a regular issue of Constantinople.

500.-

60

TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINUS

TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINUS, 578-582


Tiberius Constantinus was a friend of Justinus II and commander of the imperial guard (comes excubitorum). He was already regent during the last four years of Justinus reign. In that time he was able to win a major victory against the Sasanians and so stabilize the eastern frontier. He was also able to strengthen Byzantine influence in North Africa but faced a major problem in the Balkans, where the city of Sirmium was lost to the Avars. Neither could he protect Italy, which was left to fend for itself. He was popular because of tax reductions and great generosity but always a sick man. A day before his death he selected Maurice Tiberius, also comes excubitorum, as his successor.

Mint of Constantinople

3112

3112

Solidus 579. Commemorating his consulship in January of that year. Obv. CONSTANT A G I FELIX Crowned bust with pendilia facing, wearing consular robes, holding mappa in r. hand and eagle sceptre surmounted by cross in l. hand. Rev. ICTOR TI bRI A Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 2 var. MIB 2. S. 420. 4,48 g. Rare. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. 1998. Lot 122. The obverse inscription reads: Constantinus Augustus Vivat Felix.

1500.-

3113

3113

Solidus 578/582. Officina A. Obv. dM TIb CONS - TANT PP AVG Crowned and cuirassed bust facing. Crown elaborate with pendilia. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG A Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 4a. MIB 4. S. 422. 4,39 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. 2007. Lot 385.

500.-

61

TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINUS

3114 Solidus 578/582. Officina . Obv. dM TIb CONS - TNT VG Crowned and cuirassed bust facing. Crown elaborate with pendilia. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI VGG Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 4d. MIB 4. S. 422. 4,30 g. Slightly wavy. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 225.

3114

400.-

3115 Solidus 578/582. Officina . Obv. dM TIb CONS - TANT PP AVG Crowned and cuirassed bust facing. Crown elaborate with pendilia. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 4e. MIB 4. S. 422. 4,47 g. Lines on rev. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 229.

3115

450.-

3116 3116 Solidus . Officina Z. Obv. dM TIb CONS - TANT PP AVG Crowned and cuirassed bust facing. Crown elaborate with pendilia. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Z Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 4g. MIB 4. S. 422. 4,33 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 228.

500.-

62

TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINUS

3117

3117

Solidus 578/582. Officina . Obv. dM TIb CONS - TANT PP AVG Crowned and cuirassed bust facing. Crown elaborate with pendilia. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 4i. MIB 4. S. 422. 4,43 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 29, 2000. Lot 462.

500.-

3118

3118

Solidus 578/582. Officina I. Obv. d TIb CONS - TANT PP AVG Crowned and cuirassed bust facing. Crown elaborate with pendilia. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG I Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 4j. MIB 4. S. 422. 4,43 g. Tiny planchet fault on rev. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 232.

400.-

Fractions

3119

3119

Tremissis 578/582. Obv. DM COSTANTINVS PP AG Draped and cuirassed bust to r. with diadem. Rev. ICTOR TIbRI G Cross potent. DOC 7. MIB 9b. S. 425. 1,49 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 273.

250.-

63

TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINUS

3120 3120 Tremissis 578/582. Obv. DM COSTANTINVS PP AG Draped and cuirassed bust to r. with diadem. Rev. ICTOR TIbRI G Cross potent. DOC 7. MIB 9b. S. 425. 1,48 g. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 101 Munich. March 6, 2000. Lot 1099.

200.-

Mint of Theoupolis (Antioch)

3121

3121

Light weight solidus of 22 siliquae 578/582. Obv. dM TIb CONS TANT PP AVG Crowned and cuirassed bust facing. Crown elaborate with pendilia. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Cross potent on four steps. OB+ below. DOC 38. MIB 5 (Constantinople). S. 446. 4,10 g. Rare. Tiny edge nicks. Uncirculated.
Ex Marguerite Dennewald-Pescatore Collection. Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. November 9, 2006. Lot 127.

1200.-

3122

3122

Light weight solidus of 22 siliquae 578/582. Obv. (dM) TIb CONS TANT PP AVG Crowned and cuirassed bust facing. Crown elaborate with pendilia. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Cross potent on four steps. OB+ below. DOC 38. MIB 5 (Constantinople). S. 446. 4,08 g. Rare. Unevenly struck. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Harlan Berk Chicago

750.-

64

TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINUS

Mint of Carthage

3123

3123

Solidus 580. Regnal year . Obv. D N TIb CONS TANT PP AV Armoured bust with elaborate crown and pendilia facing. Cross over circlet on crown. Globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 58a. MIB 12a. S. 462. 3,66 g. Has been shaved. Otherwise uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 27.

400.-

3124

3124

Solidus 580. Regnal year S. Obv. (D M) TIb CONS TANT PP AV Armoured bust with elaborate crown and pendilia facing. Cross over circlet on crown. Globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 58b. MIB 13. S. 462. 4,44 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 55 Osnabrck. March 8, 2000. Lot 3326.

800.-

65

TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINUS

Mint of Rome

3125

3125

Solidus 581. Regnal year . D TIB CONS TNT PP VG Armoured bust with crown and pendilia facing. Cross over circlet on crown. Globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI VGG Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIBEC NNN14. S. -. 4,43 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1988. Lot 133. Ex Auction Bonhams London. December 3, 1980. Lot 59. This type had been previously assigned to Ravenna. The problematic use of the Greek Delta as a latin A in the inscription leads to some question of whether the year is a = 4 or an A = 1. See MIBEC pp. 38-39.

1500.-

3126

3126

Solidus 582. Regnal year (penta=5). D TIB CONS TNT PP VG Armoured bust with crown and pendilia facing. Cross over circlet on crown. Globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB NNN14. S. -. 4,44 g. Very rare. Cabinet piece. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 2000. Lot 797. Ex Auction Gerhard Hirsch 55 Munich. December 12, 1967. Lot 3001. In the new edition of MIB, Money of the Incipient Byzantine Empire Continued, published in 2009, this issue is definitely placed under Rome.

2000.-

66

TIBERIUS II CONSTANTINUS

3127

3127

Solidus 582. Regnal year (penta=5). D TIB CONS TNT PP VG Armoured bust with crown and pendilia facing. Cross over circlet on crown. Globe cruciger in r. hand, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI VGG Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB NNN14. S. -. 4,25 g. Very rare. Extremely fine
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 97 Osnabrck. March 2, 2005. Lot 2058.

1000.-

Mint of Ravenna Fractions

3128

3128

Tremissis 578/582. Obv. D COSTAN TINVS PP AV Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. ICTOR TIbRI AV Cross potent over CONOB. DOC 64. MIB 17. S. 470. 1,51 g. Splendid specimen. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 75 Zurich. October 1999. Lot 1627.

500.-

67

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS, 582-602


Born 539 AD in Arabissos/Cappadocia, Mauricius Tiberius made a career in the army, becoming comes excubitorum in 582 and married the emperors daughter Constantia. After his accession he brought the Persian War to a satisfactory conclusion, practically allying himself with Khusru II whom he had sponsored and supported in his bid for the Sasanian throne. In the Balkans he was able to stem the tide of Slav advance and made the Danube the Empires northern frontier. He formed the Exarchates of Ravenna and Carthago, giving the Exarchs practically free hand. This policy led to success in their battles against local tribes and brought decades of peace to the province of Africa and in Italy he extended Byzantine power to the Apennines. Nevertheless his rule became increasingly unpopular. He cut army pay by 25% and refused to ransom 12000 Byzantine soldiers held captive by the Awars who then slaughtered them. The final straw was in the winter of 602, when instead of calling back his army from the North to winter quarters, he commanded them to remain on the front. An officer named Phocas was proclaimed emperor by the troops. Fleeing across the Bosporus he was overtaken and he and his sons were brutally murdered. The historian Norwich wrote Had he allowed his soldiers only a little more bread; or his people just a few more circuses, he could easily have escaped the fate he was called upon to suffer.

Mint of Constantinople

3129

3129

Solidus 582/583. Officina A. Obv. O N TIbR AVRIC PP AV Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, cross on helmet. In r. hand globe cruciger, on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG A Angel standing facing, in r. hand cross with Staurogram, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB below. DOC 3 (officina not listed). MIB 4a. S. 476 (officina not listed). 4,34 g. Very rare officina. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 101 Munich. March 6, 2000. Lot 1104. At the time of purchase the officina A was unedited. The first issues of Mauricius Tiberius have the obverse legend beginning with Tiberius Mauricius; this due to the recutting of old Tiberius Constantine dies. Probably leading to confusion in the populace as to who was depicted on the coin, it was quickly changed to Mauricius Tiberius within a year. Even careless numismatists sometimes do not detect the difference.

1000.-

68

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3130 3130 Solidus 582/583. Officina B. Obv. O N TIbR AVRIC PP AV Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, cross on helmet. In r. hand globe cruciger, on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG B Angel standing facing, in r. hand cross with Staurogram, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB below. DOC 3a. MIB 4a. S. 476. 4,52 g. Double striking. Otherwise extremely fine-good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 103 Chicago. July 1998. Lot 20.

400.-

3131 3131 Solidus 582/583. Officina S. Obv. O N TIbR AVRIC PP AV Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, cross on helmet. In r. hand globe cruciger, on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Angel standing facing, in r. hand cross with Staurogram, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB below. DOC 3 (officina not listed). MIB 4. S. 476. 4,35 g. Almost uncirculated-extremely fine.
Purchased from UBS in 1998.

450.-

3132 3132 Solidus 582/583. Officina H. Obv. O N TIbR AVRIC PP AV Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, cross on helmet. In r. hand globe cruciger, on l. shoulder shield with horseman device. Rev. VICTORI VGG H Angel standing facing, in r. hand cross with Staurogram, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB below. DOC 3b. MIB 4. S. 476. 4,40 g. Extremely fine-good very fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 29.

400.-

69

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3133

3133

Solidus 583/602. Officina B. Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG B Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5b. MIB 6. S. 478. 4,37 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 239.

350.-

3134 Solidus 583/602. Officina . Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5d. MIB 6. S. 478. 4,38 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 241.

3134

400.-

3135 Solidus 583/602. Officina . Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5e. MIB 6. S. 478. 4,37 g. Rev. planchet rough. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 29, 2000. Lot 463.

3135

400.-

70

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3136

3136

Solidus 583/602. Officina S. Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5f. MIB 6. S. 478. 4,49 g. Small planchet fault on rev. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1138.

400.-

3137 3137 Solidus 583/602. Officina H. Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG H Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5h. MIB 6. S. 478. 4,34 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 244.

400.-

3138 3138 Solidus 583/602. Officina . Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5i. MIB 6. S. 478. 4,47 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 59 Osnabrck. September 26, 2000. Lot 684.

500.-

71

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3139 3139 Solidus 583/602. Officina B. Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG B Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. I in field on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 6 (officina not listed). MIB 10. S. 479. 4,46 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1145.

400.-

Light weight Solidi

3140 3140 Solidus of 23 siliquae 583/602. Officina H. Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG H Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star in field on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7g. MIB 11. S. 481. 4,29 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 101 Munich. March 6, 2000. Lot 1108.

500.-

Fractions

3141 3141 Semissis 583/602. Obv. e N AVRC CI PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Victory advancing to r., holding wreath in r, hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 12 var. MIB 17a. S. 485. 2,24 g. Rough reverse. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 55 Osnabrck. March 7, 2000. Lot 3332.

250.-

72

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3142

3142

Semissis 583/602. Obv. D N AVRI - CI PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTOR - IA AVGG Victory advancing to r., looking l., holding wreath in r, hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 12b. MIB 17a. S. 486. 1,90 g. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47. September 14, 1999. Lot 249.

150.-

3143

3143

Semissis 583/602. Obv. D N AVRI - CI PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTOR - IA AVGG Victory advancing to r., looking r., holding wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 11. MIB 17b. S. 487. 2,21 g. Extremely fine-very fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47. September 14, 1999. Lot 250.

150.-

3144

3144

Tremissis 583/602. Obv. D N TIB P - RI PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORI AVRI AVG Cross potent over CONOB. DOC 14. MIB 20. S. 488. 1,48 g. Broad flan. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen AG 86 Basel. April 1998. Lot 239.

250.-

73

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

Mint of Theoupolis (Antioch)

3145 3145 Solidus 583/602. Officina . Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 149b. MIB 6 (Constantinople). S. 524. 4,43 g. Thin scratch on rev. Extremely fine-very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52 Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3623.

500.-

3146 Solidus 583/602. Officina . Obv. o N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 149c. MIB 6 (Constantinople). S. 524. 4,52 g. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Frankfurter Mnzhandlung 150 Frankfurt a. M. December 2, 1998. Lot 48.

3146

300.-

3147 3147 Solidus 583/602. Officina S. Obv. o AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 149b. MIB 6 (Constantinople). S. 524. 4,44 g. Rough dies. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 1998. Lot 580.

350.-

74

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3148 3148 Solidus 583/602. Officina . Obv. D N AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 149f. MIB 6 (Constantinople). S. 524. 4,36 g. Scratch on obv. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 236.

300.-

Light Weight Solidi

3149 3149 Light weight solidus of 23 siliquae 583/4-602. Officina B. Obv. D AVRc TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Star in r. field. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG B Angel standing facing, Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 151. MIB 11. S. 528. 4,26 g. Rare. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 237.

800.-

3150 3150 Light weight solidus of 22 siliquae 583/4-602. Obv. O N MAVRC - TIb PP AVG Broad draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing plumed helmet and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Angel standing facing, In r. hand staff with Staurogram , in l. hand plain globe. OB+ in exergue. DOC 151. MIB 13a. S. 529. 4,11 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 164 Munich. March 17, 2008. Lot 469.

1200.-

75

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3151

3151

Light weight solidus of 22 siliquae 583/4-602. Obv. D N TIbR AVRIC PP AVG Crowned (helmet of diadems surmounted by cross) cuirassed bust facing. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder: globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Angel standing facing, In r. hand staff with Staurogram, in l. hand plain globe. OB+ in exergue. DOC -. MIB V12 (Constantinople). S. -. 4,04 g. Very rare. Irregular planchet. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 135 Munich. May 21, 2007. Lot 989. The Lanz cataloguer did not read the legend of the coin, instead writing ONMAVRIC TIbEPPAVI which is the usual legend.

1500.-

3152

3152

Light weight solidus of 20 siliquae 583/4-602. Officina B. Obv. D N MAVRC - TIb PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG B Angel standing facing, In r. hand staff with Staurogram, in l. hand globe cruciger. OBXX in exergue. DOC -. MIB 14 (officina unlisted). S. 531 (officina not listed). 3,67 g. Of highest rarity, perhaps unique. Double striking. Extremely fine-almost extremely fine.
Purchased directly from UBS AG. Only specimens with officina I are recorded in the available literature.

2500.-

76

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

Mint of Alexandria

3153

3153

Light weight solidus of 20 siliquae 586/587. Year . Obv. D N AVRC TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTO(RI) A AVGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe. CONXX in exergue. DOC 258. MIB 29. S. 574. 3,19 g. Extremely rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 103 Chicago. July 1998. Lot 25. DOC and Sear place this issue to the mint of Constantine in Numidia, but even so with reservation. Hahn corrects himself in MIBEC by removing this issue from a Sicilian mint and placing it under Alexandria.

2500.-

Mint of Carthage

3154

3154

Solidus 582/583. Indiction year A. Obv. d N TIbR MAV RIC PP AV AN A Crowned bust (helmet of pearls) topped by cross, with pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG A Angel standing facing, in r. hand Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC 215. MIB 24. S. 547. 4,43 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 101 Munich. March 6, 2000. Lot 1112.

1000.-

77

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3155 3155 Solidus 583/584. Indiction year B. Obv. e N AVRIC TIb PP AV AN B Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG B Angel standing facing, in r. hand Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC 217. MIB 25a. S. 548. 4,49 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 2000. Lot 802.

750.-

3156 3156 Solidus 585/586. Indiction year . Obv. d N AVRIC TIb PP AV AN Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC 218. MIB 25a. S. 548. 4,43 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 153.

1000.-

3157 3157 Solidus 586/587. Indiction year . Obv. D N AVRIC TIb PP AV AN Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, in r. hand Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC 219. MIB 25a. S. 548. 4,43 g. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 154.

1000.-

78

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3158

3158

Solidus 590/591. Indiction year . Obv. D N AVRIT - b PP AV AN Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AV AGG N Angel standing facing, in r. hand Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC 223. MIB 25a. S. 548. 4,45 g. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Argenor Numismatique Paris. April 1999. Lot 169.

750.-

3159

3159

Solidus 595/596. Indiction year I. Obv. D N AVRI C T PP AN I Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AV AGG I Angel standing facing, in r. hand Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC 223. MIB 25b. S. 549. 4,50 g. Cabinet piece. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 37. Reduced module but full weight. This marks the begin of the small size Carthaginian coinage.

1000.-

79

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

Mint of Rome

3160

2:1

2:1

3160

Solidus 586/587. Regnal year P. Obv. D N AVRC - TIb PP AVG Helmeted, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AV AGG P Angel standing facing, in r. hand Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB 30. S. 584. 4,43 g. Extremely rare. A bit rough in the strike but otherwise about uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 49 Osnabrck. June 15, 1999. Lot 460. The Knker cataloguer errs in describing the regnal year P as an officina letter. No gold coins of Mauricius Tiberius from Rome carry officina letters.

4000.-

Mint of Ravenna

3161

3161

Solidus 586/587. Regnal year P. Obv. D N MVRC TIb PP VG Draped and cuirassed bust, facing, wearing helmet with diadem. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG P Angel standing facing; in r. hand staff with Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC 285 (year not listed). MIB 39. S. 589. 4,52 g. Well centred on broad planchet. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 159 Munich. October 8, 2007. Lot 501. Sear lists numerous Greek letters as officinae. This has been disproven by Hahn in MICBEC in favour of regnal years.

1000.-

80

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3162

3162

Solidus 589/590. Regnal year H. Obv. D N MVRC TIb PP VG Draped and cuirassed bust, facing, wearing helmet with diadem. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI VGG H Angel standing facing; in r. hand staff with Staurogramcross, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC 285d. MIB 38. S. 589. 4,47 g. A little blurred strike on reverse. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 158.

800.-

Fractions

3163

3163

Semissis 594/595?. Regnal year . Obv. D N MVRC TIb PP VG Draped, cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORI - VGG Victory advancing to r., head turned to l., holding wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB 48. S. 591A. 2,23 g. Very rare. Well centred and struck. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Astarte VI Lugano. November 2000. Lot 605.

750.-

81

MAURICIUS TIBERIUS

3164

3164

Tremissis 582-583/4. Obv. D N MAVRC TIb PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. Victory advancing to r., looking l.; holding wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star on r. CONOB in exergue. DOC 287. MIB 50. S. 592. 1,42 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 1999. Lot 579.

400.-

Unknown Italian or Sicilian Mint

3165

3165

Solidus 582/602. Officina H. Obv. D N MAVRC TIb PP AVG Helmeted, cuirassed and draped bust facing; globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI AAVGG H Angel standing facing; long staff surmounted by Christogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB -. S. -. 4,46 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 38. Berk forcefully insists that this coin was certainly not minted in Constantinople and gives as a probable mint Sicily or an Italian city. The letter H appears as regnal year in Ravenna, but the style does not fit. Carthage also has H as a regnal/indictional year; but here too stylistically it does not seem feasible. Perhaps one must take into account that it may well be an issue of Constantinople. Die comparisons may shed further light on this question in the future.

750.-

82

PHOCAS

PHOCAS, 602-610
Perhaps the most maligned of Byzantine emperors, he was placed in the same category as Caligula, Elagabalus, Domitianus or Commodus. However, the historians who described his reign were of the time of Heraclius and had certainly reason to paint a black picture of Focas character. While gaining some popularity through his tax cuts, he apparently instituted a reign of terror in Constantinople, eliminating all possible enemies. His relations with the Church in Rome were very friendly, so much so, that the last antique monument to be raised on the Forum was a column with a golden statue of the Eastern Emperor. During his reign he neglected the frontiers and the Balkans were lost to the Awars and Slavs. The Sasanians drove into the eastern end of the empire under Khusru II, who had been an adopted son of the last emperor Mauricius Tiberius. Eventually the exarch of Carthage Heraclius and his son, also named Heraclius, saw the chance to depose this tyrant. In 608 a nephew of Heraclius, Niketas, conquered the province of Egypt. Heraclius the Younger moved into Sicily and from there to Cyprus. A counterattack by the forces of Phocas under Bonosus was long remembered for its cruelty in the East. But his entire army was defeated by Niketas in Egypt. In 610 Heraclius the Younger marched on Constantinople and the imperial guard deserted to him. There is an historical anecdote to the capture and death of Phocas which may or may not be true. Brought as a captive before Heraclius, the latter asking him Is this how you have ruled, wretch? Phocas replied And will you rule better? This supposedly enraged Heraclius so much that he personally killed and decapitated him on the spot. In all, his rule led to the end of the Eastern Empires hegemony over the remnants of the civilized world. The thus weakened structure was to crumble before the onslaught of the Arab invasions that were to come.

Mint of Constantinople

3166

3166

Pattern Solidus December 602. Officina I. Obv. O N FOCA PRP AVG Crowned, bearded bust facing; wearing consular robes. Crown with pendilia. Mappa in r. hand; cross in l. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVAVGG I Angel standing facing; long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 3. MIB 1 (Pattern). S. 622. 4,50 g. Extremely rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Marguerite Dennewald-Pescatore Collection. Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. November 9, 2006. Lot 171. Hahn in MIB places this issue in December 602 when it was assumed that Phocas would traditionally assume the office of Consul on January 1, 603. He, however, followed the example of Mauricius and assumed that office in December of 603 when numerous consular solidi were minted by many officinae; thus leaving this solidus of 602 as a pattern.

2500.-

83

PHOCAS

3167

3167

Solidus 602/603. Officina B. Obv. oN FOCA PRP AVG Crowned bust with pendilia, draped and cuirassed, facing. In l. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG B Angel standing facing, holding Staurogramstaff in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB 4. S. 617B. 4,49 g. Rare. Extremely fine-almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 141 Munich. October 10, 2005. Lot 376. G&M err in attributing this coin to DOC 3 (consular type). This coin is not listed in DOC. Apparently a new obverse die of Focas was coupled with an old reverse die of Mauricius Tiberius.

1000.-

3168

3168

Solidus 603. Officina . Obv. O N FOCAS - PRP AVG Crowned, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown with pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing; staff with Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. CONOB in exergue. DOC 1 (officina not listed). MIB 5. S. 616. 4,50 g. Broad edge. Uncirculated.
Ex Marguerite Dennewald-Pescatore Collection. Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. November 9, 2006. Lot 169.

600.-

84

PHOCAS

3169 3169 Solidus December 603. Officina . Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned bust in consular robes facing, holding mappa in r. hand and cross in l. hand. Crown without pendilia. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4 (officina not listed). MIB 2. S. 623. 4,47 g. Rare. Bold, clear strike of neat style. Rev. slightly off-centre. Extremely fine-good very fine.
Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 163.

900.-

3170 3170 Solidus December 603. Officina . Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned bust in consular robes facing, holding mappa in r. hand and cross in l. hand. Crown without pendilia. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 4 (officina not listed). MIB 2. S. 623. 4,49 g. Rare. Slight double striking on rev. Almost uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction 11 Numismatica Ars Classica Zurich. April 1998. Lot 581.

1000.-

3171 3171 Solidus 603/607. Officina A. Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG A Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5a. MIB 7. S. 618. 4,43 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 277.

500.-

85

PHOCAS

3172 3172 Solidus 603/607. Officina . Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTOR(I) A AVGG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5c. MIB 7. S. 618. 4,42 g. Extremely fine
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 255.

350.-

3173 3173 Solidus 604/607. Officina . Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5d. MIB 7. S. 618. 4,54 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 61 Zurich. September 14, 2004. Lot 4649. (Erroneously catalogued as MIB 9).

300.-

3174 3174 Solidus 603/607. Officina S. Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG S Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5f. MIB 7. S. 618. 4,46 g. Perfectly centred and struck. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 539.

1000.-

86

PHOCAS

3175 3175 Solidus 603/607. Officina Z. Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Z Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5g. MIB 7. S. 618. 4,49 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 64 Basel. January 24, 2006.

400.-

3176 3176 Solidus 603/607. Officina H. Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG H Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 5h. MIB 7. S. 618. 4,33 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 180 Munich. October 12, 2009. Lot 486.

500.-

3177 3177 Solidus 607/609. Officina . Obv. d N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA A AVG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10e. MIB 9. S. 620. 4,49 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. May 7, 2006. Lot 278. The Tkalec cataloguer describes the coin as DOC 5e. MIB 7. Sear 618 which, of course, is not the case.

400.-

87

PHOCAS

3178 3178 Solidus 607/609. Officina . Obv. d N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA A AVG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10e. MIB 9. S. 620. 4,49 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 141 Munich. October 10, 2005. Lot 377.

600.-

3179 3179 Solidus 607/609. Officina Z. Obv. d N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA A AVG Z Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10g. MIB 9. S. 620. 4,39 g. Very fine.
Purchased from Russo Sao Paulo in 1984. One of the first Byzantine coins purchased by the collector in Brazil.

300.-

3180 3180 Solidus 607/609. Officina I. Obv. d N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA A AVG I Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10j. MIB 9. S. 620. 4,46 g. Slightly off-centre. Extremely fine-very fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 102 Chicago. May 27, 1998. Lot 47.

300.-

88

PHOCAS

3181 3181 Solidus 607/609. Officina . Obv. d N FOCAS PRP AVG Crowned draped and cuirassed bust facing. Crown without pendilia. Cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA - AV Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 11a var. MIB 10b. S. 621. 4,49 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk Chicago. March 1982. Lot 14.

500.-

3182 3182 Solidus 607/609. Officina . Obv. d N FOCAS PRP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, crowned, facing; cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 11a. MIB 10b. S. 621. 4,45 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 136 Osnabrck. March 10, 2008. Lot 599.

700.-

3183 3183 Solidus 609/610. Officina . Obv. d NN FOCAS PRP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, crowned, facing; cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10. MIB 11. S. 620. 4,44 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 136 Osnabrck. March 10, 2008. Lot 590.

500.-

89

PHOCAS

3184 3184 Solidus 609/610. Officina . Obv. d NN FOCAS PRP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, crowned, facing; cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 10. MIB 11. S. 620. 4,50 g. Uncirculated.
Purchased privately 2000.

500.-

The Light Weight Solidi

3185 3185 Light weight solidus of 23 siliquae 603/607. Officina (). Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, crowned, facing; in r. hand cross. Star in r. field. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG () Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 7b. MIB 14. S. 624. 4,26 g. Scarce. Some blurred striking. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction 64 UBS Basel. January 24, 2006. Lot 302.

500.-

3186 3186 Light weight solidus of 20 siliquae 603/607. Officina A. Obv. O N FOCAS PRP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, crowned, facing; in r. hand cross. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG A Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. OBXX in exergue. DOC 9a var. MIB 20. S. 628. 3,71 g. Rare. Uncirculated.
Ex Monetarium Zurich.

1200.-

90

PHOCAS

3187 3187 Light weight solidus of 20 siliquae 607/609. Officina B. Obv. d N FOCAS PRP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, crowned, facing; in r. hand cross. Rev. VICTORIA AVG B Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Staurogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. OBXX in exergue. DOC 14 var. MIB 21var. S. 629 (officina not listed). 3,73 g. Rare. Extremely fine-almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 180 Munich. October 12, 2009. Lot 488.

750.-

3188 3188 Light weight solidus of 23 siliquae 609/610. Officina . Obv. d N FOCAS PRP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, crowned, facing; in r. hand cross. Star in r. field. Rev. VICTORIA AVG Angel standing facing, long staff surmounted by Christogram in r. hand, globe cruciger in l. hand. Star in r. field. CONOB in exergue. DOC 12a. MIB 16. S. 625. 4,20 g. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 52 Zurich. October 7, 2009. Lot 689.

400.-

Fractions

3189 3189 Semissis 603/607. No officina. Obv. O N FOCA S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem, beardless, to r. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Victory advancing to r., head turned to l., with wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 15. MIB 23a. S. 630. 2,18 g. Almost uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 260.

200.-

91

PHOCAS

3190

3190

Semissis 607/610. No officina. Obv. dN FOCAS PR AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem, beardless, to r. Rev. VICTORIA AV Victory advancing to r., head facing, with wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue DOC 16. MIB 25. S. 631. 2,21 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 1998. Lot 540

400.-

3191

3191

Tremissis 602/603. No officina legible. Obv. O N FOCA PP AV Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem, beardless, to r. Rev. VICTORI FOCAS (AVG) Cross potent. CONOB beneath. DOC 18var. MIB 26 var. S. 633 var. 1,45 g. Weaknesses on edge. Trace of bending. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 281.

150.-

3192

3192

Tremissis 603/607. No officina. Obv. O N FOCA S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem, beardless, to r. Rev. VICTORI FOCAS AVG Cross potent. CONOB beneath. DOC 18. MIB N26. S. 633. 1,45 g. Almost uncirculated,
Ex Auction UBS 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 262.

200.-

92

PHOCAS

3193 3193 Tremissis 607/610. No officina. Obv. d N FOCAS - PR AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem, beardless, to r. Rev. VICTORI FOCAS AV Cross potent. CONOB beneath. DOC 19.3. MIB 27. S. 634. 1,49 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismata Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 1998. Lot 583.

250.-

Mint of Thessalonica

3194 3194 Solidus 604/605. Indictional year H (8). Obv. D M FOCA PERP AVG Crowned, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Pendilia on crown. Cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG H Angel standing facing; in r. hand long staff with Staurogram, in l. hand globe cruciger. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB 3. S. 617A (Constantinople). 4,40 g. Rare. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Mnzzentrum Rheinland 143 Solingen. April 16, 2008. Lot 856. In the new MIBEC Professor Hahn places this coin to the mint of Thessalonica.

1500.-

Mint of Carthage

3195 3195 Solidus with indictional year H (604/605). Obv. D N FOCAC PERP AN H Crowned bust with pendilia, draped and cuirassed, facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG H Angel standing facing, holding long staff with Staurogram in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 109 var. MIB 32. S. 681. 4,44 g. Rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction 1232 Spink New York. July 13, 2000. Lot 461. Ex Auction 12 Frank Sternberg, Zurich. November 18, 1982. Lot 916

1000.-

93

PHOCAS

3196 3196 Solidus with indictional year I (606/607). Obv. D N FOCAS PERP AN I Crowned bust without pendilia, draped and cuirassed, facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG I Angel standing facing, holding long staff with Staurogram in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB 33. S. -. Grierson NC 1950, p. 67, 30 (unknown at the time). 4,46 g. Extremely rare variety. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 647. Ex Auction Auctiones 15 Basel. 1985. Lot 850.

2000.-

Mint of Ravenna

3197 3197 Solidus c. 603/604. Regnal year B. Obv. D N FOCAS PERP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, crowned, facing. Crown with pendilia. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Heavy annular border. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG B Angel standing facing, holding long staff with Staurogram in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. Heavy annular border. DOC 124b. MIB 43.2. S. 697. 4,52 g. Rare. Perfectly centred. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich, May 1999. Lot 581.

2500.-

Fractions

3198 3198 Tremissis c. 604/605. Regnal year . Obv. D N FOCAS PERP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, bearded, to r. wearing diadem with cross. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVN Victory advancing, looking to l. and holding wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star in r. field. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 51d. S. -. 1,47 g. Extremely rare. Perfectly centred. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 1999. Lot 582. Astonishingly enough the NAC cataloguer failed to note or describe the letter at the end of the obverse description. A regnal year on a tremissis of Carthage was then unedited. Professor Hahn has included this coin, of which perhaps only 3 are known, in the new MIBEC.

1000.-

94

PHOCAS

3199

3199

Tremissis c. 604/610. No regnal year. Obv. D N FOCAS PERP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust, bearded, to r., wearing diadem with cross. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVN Victory advancing, looking to l. and holding wreath in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Star in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 129. MIB 51b. S. 701. 1,49 g. Rare. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1999. Lot 1302.

800.-

Unknown Mint in the Balkans (Salona?)

3200

3200

Solidus 603/607. Obv. O N FOCAS - PRP AVG Crowned, draped and cuirassed bust facing. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Angel standing facing with staff surmounted by Christogram in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC -. MIB -. S. -. H. Berk, Roman Gold of the Medieval World (1986) 109 = Sothebys, New York 2.11.1998, An Important Private Collection of Byzantine Coins 182 (Thessalonika, Rev. identical die.). 4,47 g. Very rare. Well centred on wide planchet. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 159 Munich. October 8, 2007. Lot 502. G & M give no reason whatsoever for an attribution to the Balkans or Salona. Until more information concerning this issue has been obtained the place of minting must remain open.

2000.-

95

REVOLT OF THE HERACLII

REVOLT OF THE HERACLII, 608-610


The exarch of Carthage, Heraclius the Elder, together with his son Heraclius rebelled in 608 against the tyrannical usurper Phocas in Constantinople. With the help of nephew Niketas, Egypt was seized by the rebel forces and Heraclius the Younger moved from Carthage to Sicily and then on to Cyprus. From this base he launched his successful attack on Constantinople in 610.

Military Mint in Cyprus

3201

3201

Solidus 607/608. Indictional year IA. Obv. D N RACLIO CONSVLI BA Facing busts of Heraclius on l. and his father the Exarch Heraclius on r. Both bearded and wearing consular robes. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA CONSB IA Cross potent on four steps. COOB below. DOC 11 (Alexandria). MIB 3. S. 719 (Alexandria). 4,38 g. Of highest rarity. Rev. strike slightly weak. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk Chicago. September 1998. Lot 27. Ex Auction Frank Sternberg 18 Zurich. 1987. Lot 981.

10000.-

3202

3202

Tremissis Autumn/Winter 610. With title of Mauricius Tiberius. Obv. D N TIB RI PP AV Draped and cuirassed bust of Mauricius Tiberius with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 9. S. 721 note. 1,33 g. Of highest rarity. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Rauch 66 Vienna. October 2, 2000. Lot 454.

2500.-

96

HERACLIUS

HERACLIUS, 610-641
Acclaimed as the liberator from the tyranny of Phocas, Heraclius was faced with an almost disintegrated empire. Due to the negligence of Phocas the empire was beset by its enemies on all frontiers. The Sasanians conquered Syria, Judaea and finally in 619, Egypt, the corn chamber of the empire. The Slavs and Awars drove almost unhindered through the Balkans into Greece and as far as the Peloponnesus and the Greek Islands. The last Byzantine outposts in Spain fell to the Visigoths in 625. In a final act of desperation Heraclius brought all his troops into one army and took the battle into the Persians homeland in 622. After six years of fighting, in which he often led his troops personally into battle, a change of fortune that was almost miraculous took place. He was able to totally defeat the Sasanians, destroy the Avar fleet and army before Constantinople and, to great rejoicing, return the Holy Cross to Jerusalem. Heraclius instituted administrative reforms, forming so called themes or military districts as administrative divisions of the empire. The state was turned from a Roman empire into a Greek one. The official language was changed correspondingly. Towards the end of his reign he was forced to witness the undoing of much of his success. The Muslim Arabs invaded Persia, then took Syria and Palestine in 639, followed by Egypt in 641. The Persians and Byzantines had bled themselves to such weakness that the upsurging forces of the Muslim Arabs found them easy prey.

Mint of Constantinople

3203 3203 Solidus 610/613. Officina I. Obv. dN N hERACLI PER AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with short beard facing, wearing plumed helmet and holding cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVI Cross potent on two steps. CONOB below. DOC -, comp. 1b. MIB -, comp. 1a. S. 729 var. 4,41 g. Very rare variety. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction 89 Gorny & Mosch Munich. Lot 542. The cataloguer in the G&M sale did not note that the obverse inscription ends with an abbreviated G. This variant seems unrecorded.

600.-

3204 3204 Solidus 610/613. Officina . Obv. dN N hERAC LI PER AV Draped and cuirassed bust with short beard facing, wearing plumed helmet and holding cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on two steps. CONOB below. DOC 1. MIB 1a. S. 729. 4,21 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Tkalec

600.-

97

HERACLIUS

3205

3205

Solidus 610/613. No officina. Obv. dN N hERAC LI PER AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with short beard facing, wearing plumed helmet and holding cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on two steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 1b. S. 729A. 4,38 g. Very rare emission. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 317 Zurich. October 27, 2010. Lot 994.

750.-

3206 Solidus before 613. Officina . Obv. dN hERACLI S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with short beard facing, wearing plumed helmet and holding cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 3b. MIB 5. S. 731. 4,50 g. Almost uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Frankfirter Mnzhandlung 150 Frankfurt a. M. December 2, 1998. Lot 55.

3206

400.-

3207

3207

Solidus before 613. Officina I. Obv. dN hERACLI S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with short beard facing, wearing plumed helmet and holding cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVI Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 3d. MIB 5. S. 731. 4,49 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 288.

400.-

98

HERACLIUS

3208

3208

Solidus before 613. Officina . Obv. dN hERACLI S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with short beard facing, wearing plumed helmet and holding cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. Letter N with small tail on r. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 6b. S. 732. 4,46 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 29, 2000. Lot 466. The Tkalec cataloguer erroneously describes the letter N as a star.

700.-

With Heraclius Constantinus.

3209

3209

Solidus 613/616. Officina . Obv. ddNN HRACLIS T HRA CONST PP AVG Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and elaborate crowns. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA - AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 8d.2. MIB 8a. S. 734. 4,47 g. Double striking. Tiny planchet fault on rev. Interesting style. High relief. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 103 Chicago. July 1998. Lot 29. The Berk cataloguer describes the coin as being from Jerusalem or Cyprus. There seems to be no foundation for this assumption. All other coins attributed to Jerusalem mints do not carry officina letters. This is plainly the mint of Constantinople but with a somewhat unusual die. Also when compared to the coin on DOC plate VIII, 8g it is obvious that the obverse dies are identical.

500.-

99

HERACLIUS

3210

3210

Solidus 613/616. Officina illegible. Obv. ddNN HRACLIS T (HRA CONST PP AVG) Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and elaborate crowns. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV(?) Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 8. MIB 8a. S. 734. 4,46 g. Uneven striking. Interesting style. High relief. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction 103 Harlan Berk Chicago. July 1998. Lot 27 (Jerusalem or Cyprus) Again we cannot place this coin anywhere but Constantinople.

400.-

3211

3211

Solidus 613/616. Officina I. Obv. ddNN HRACLIS T HRA CONST PP AV Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and elaborate crowns. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AVI Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 8j4. MIB 8a. S. 734. 4,41g. Rev. slightly weak. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 29, 2000. Lot 467. Whether the last letter in the obverse legend is really a Greek or a corrupted C (G) is open to speculation.

700.-

100

HERACLIUS

3212

3212

Solidus 613/616. Officina . Obv. ddNN H(RACLIS) T HRA CONST PP AVG Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and elaborate crowns. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. N in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 9a. MIB 9. S. 736. 4,46g. Extremely fine-almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 158 Osnabrck. September 28, 2009. Lot 967.

600.-

3213

3213

Solidus 616/625. Officina . Obv. ddNN hRACLIS T hERA CONS(T PP AVG) Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. Pellet in l. field. CONOB below. DOC 13 var. MIB 11 var. S. 738 var. 4,46 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 29 Zurich. May 11, 2005. Lot 689. A specimen with the dot in the left field of the reverse seems to be inedited.

500.-

101

HERACLIUS

3214 3214 Solidus 616/625. Officina I. Obv. ddNN hRCOSN T HAEOMS RNPEA Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AVI Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 13 var. MIB 11 var. S. 738 var. 4,48 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 141 Munich. October 10, 2005. Lot 380. Apparently an illiterate die cutter was entrusted with engraving the obverse legend.

400.-

3215 3215 Solidus 616/625. Officina . Obv. ddNN hRACL(I)S T hERA CONS(T PP AV) Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. I in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 14d. MIB 14. S. 739. 4,40 g. Small die flaw on obv. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 181 Munich. October 12, 2009. Lot 2661.

300.-

3216 3216 Solidus 625/629. Officina A. Obv. ddNN hRACLIS T hERA CONST PP AV Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Both busts are of equal size. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV A Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 20a. MIB 21. S. 743. 4,51 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 314 Zurich. May 4, 2009. Lot 1673.

500.-

102

HERACLIUS

3217 3217 Solidus 625/629. Officina Z. Obv. ddNN hRACLIS T hERA CONST PP AV(G) Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Both busts are of equal size. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Z (Z inverted) Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 20g var. MIB 21. S. 743. 4,45 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52 Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3628.

600.-

3218 3218 Solidus 625/629. Officina I. Obv. ddNN hRACLIS T hERA CONST PP V Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Both busts are of equal size. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 20h. MIB 21. S. 743. 4,48 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. April 2007. Lot 389.

500.-

3219 Solidus 626/629. Officina I. Obv. ddNN hRACLIS T hERA CONST PP AV(G) Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Both busts are of equal size. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV I. Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 22c. MIB 26. S. 746. 4,55 g. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Argenor Paris. April 1999. Lot 172.

3219

400.-

103

HERACLIUS

3220 3220 Solidus 629/632. Officina . Obv. (ddNN hRACLI)S T hERA CONST PP AV Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Both busts are of equal size. Heraclius with long beard and moustache. Heraclius Constantinus with slight beard and moustache. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 26c. MIB 29. S. 749. 4,45 g. Slight uneven striking. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS 64 Base. January 24, 2006. Lot 311.

400.-

3221 3221 Solidus 629/632. Officina . Obv. (ddNN hRACLIS) T hERA CONST PP Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Both busts are of equal size. Heraclius with long beard and moustache. Heraclius Constantinus with slight beard and moustache. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 26i. MIB 29. S. 749. 4,47 g. Slightly off-centre. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1989. Lot 552. There totally misdescribed as a solidus of Constans II and Constantinus IV. Reading the legible part of the obverse legend clearly indicates the name of Heraclius Constantinus.

400.-

3222 3222 Solidus 629/632. Officina . Obv. ddNN h RACLI S T hERA CONST PP Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Both busts are of equal size. Heraclius with long beard and moustache. Heraclius Constantinus with slight beard and moustache. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 26i. MIB 29. S. 749. 4,47 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 27, 2009. Lot 287.

600.-

104

HERACLIUS

3223

3223

Solidus 629/632. Officina A. Obv. dd NN hERACLIYS ET hERA CONST PP Facing crowned busts of Heraclius, on l., with long beard and Heraclius Constantine, to r., with slight beard, both wearing chlamy. Rev. VICTORIA AVGYA Cross potent on 3 steps; in exergue, CONOB / T. DOC 29 (officina unlisted). MIB 34 (officina unlisted). S. 756 (officina unlisted). 4,46 g. Very rare variety. About extremely fine
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 56 Zurich. October 8, 2010. Lot 611.

800.-

With Heraclius Constantinus and Heraclonas.

3224

3224

Solidus 632/635. Officina A. Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. small figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV A. Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 3a. MIB 39. S. 758. 4,45 g. Broad irregular planchet. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 314 Zurich. May 4, 2009. Lot 1674.

750.-

105

HERACLIUS

3225

3225

Solidus 632/635. Officina . Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. small figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 33 (officina not listed). MIB 39. S. 758. 4,39 g. Edge shaved. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction H. Berk 109, Chicago. July 1999. Lot 82. (Mint State) Ex Auction 7214 Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 209. (Good very fine)

400.-

3226

3226

Solidus 632/635. Officina . Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. small figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 33 (officina not listed). MIB 39. S. 758. 4,43 g. Good extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS 47 Zurich, 14 September 1999. Lot 305.

500.-

106

HERACLIUS

3227

3227

Solidus 632/635. Officina . Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. small figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 33f. MIB 39. S. 758. 4,49 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 89 Osnabrck. March 8, 2004. Lot 2873,

650.-

3228

3228

Solidus 635/636. Officina . Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of now Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. somewhat larger figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date in r. field. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 40. S. 759. 4,47 g. Rare. Graffito on rev. Good very fine.
Ex Auction LHS Numismatik 103 Zurich. May 5, 2009. Lot 227.

400.-

107

HERACLIUS

3229

3229

Solidus 635/636. Officina . Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of now Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. somewhat larger figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date in r. field. CONOB+ below. DOC 35 (officina not listed). MIB 41. S. 760. 4,36 g. Rare. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 168 Osnabrck. March 12, 2010. Lot 8047.

450.-

3230

3230

Solidus year 10 (636/637). Officina B. Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of now Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. somewhat larger figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV B. Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date I in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 36b. MIB 42. S. 761. 4,34 g. Good very fine.
Purchased from Russo, Sao Paulo in 1986

300.-

108

HERACLIUS

3231

3231

Solidus year 10 (636/637). Officina H. Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of now Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. somewhat larger figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV H. Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date I in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 36 (officina not listed). MIB 42. S. 761. 4,49 g. Extremely fine.
Purchased privately 2000.

400.-

3232

3232

Solidus year 10 (636/637). Officina . Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of now Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. somewhat larger figure of bare-headed Heraclonas standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in l. field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date I in r. field. CONOB+ below. DOC 37b. MIB 43. S. 762. 4,45 g. Tiny edge marks. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction LHS Numismatik 103 Zurich. May 5, 2009. Lot 228.

400.-

109

HERACLIUS

3233

3233

Solidus year 12 (638/639). Officina B Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV B Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date A in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 39 (officina not listed). MIB 45. S. 764. 4,46 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 317 Zurich. October 27, 2010. Lot 1007.

600.-

3234

3234

Solidus year 12 (638/639). Officina B Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV B Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date A in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 39 (officina not listed). MIB 45. S. 764. 4,40 g. Very fine.
Ex Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. Lot 189.

200.-

110

HERACLIUS

3235

3235

Solidus year 12 (638/639). Officina . Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date A in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 39h. MIB 45. S. 764. 4,43 g. Extremely fine-almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 124 Osnabrck. March 16, 2007. Lot 7716.

500.-

3236

3236

Solidus beginning year 12 (638/639). Officina Z Obv. No legend. Standing figure of Heraclius, crowned with trefoil, facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller figure of Heraclius Constantinus, crowned with trefoil, standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of bare headed Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross in field above the head of Heraclonas. Rev. VICTORIA AV Z Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date IB in r. field. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB -. S. -, cf. 767. 4,47 g. Rare. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1999. Lot 1303. Interestingly enough the Triton cataloguer did not notice that the figure of Heraclonas is not crowned. He is bare-headed and a cross is in the field above his head and not part of any crown. The other figures do not display crowns with crosses but with trefoils. This variety seems to be unrecorded in the major catalogues.

800.-

111

HERACLIUS

3237

3237

Solidus year 12 (638/639). Officina A Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV A Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date IB in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 41a. MIB 48. S. 767. 4,48 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 314 Zurich. May 4, 2009. Lot 1675.

750.-

3238

3238

Solidus year 12 (638/639). Officina Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date IB in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 41e. MIB 48. S. 767. 4,47 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 548.

500.-

112

HERACLIUS

3239

3239

Solidus year 12 (638/639). Officina Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date IB in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 41 (officina not listed). MIB 48. S. 767. 4,45 g. Graffiti on rev. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52, Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3631 (Graffiti not mentioned).

400.-

3240

3240

Solidus year 12 (638/639). Officina Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field; date IB in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 42 (officina not listed). MIB 49. S. 768. 4,45 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 151 Munich. October 9, 2006. Lot 523.

400.-

113

HERACLIUS

3241

3241

Solidus 639/641. Officina B. Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV B. Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field. CONOB below. DOC 43a. MIB 50. S. 769. 4,45 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. October 26, 2007. Lot 250.

500.-

3242

3242

Solidus 639/641. Officina B. Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV B. Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field. CONOB below. DOC 43d. MIB 50. S. 769. 4,40 g. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 108 Chicago. May 12, 1999. Lot 30.

400.-

114

HERACLIUS

3243

3243

Solidus July-November 641. Officina Z. Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Z (inverted). Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field, in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 44e. MIB 53. S. 770. 4,46 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 544. Hahn in Moneta Imperii Byzantini argues that this issue may well be the sole issue of the short-lived reign of Heraclonas. See also Sear p. 199.

500.-

The Light Weight Solidi

3244

3244

Solidus of 23 siliquae 610/613. Officina . Obv. dN hRACL iS PP AG Draped and cuirassed bust facing, wearing plumed helmet and holding cross in r. hand. Star in r. field. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 5a. MIB 54. S. 772. 4,24 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 102 Chicago. May 27, 1998. Lot 53.

700.-

115

HERACLIUS

3245

3245

Solidus of 20 siliquae 616/625. Officina I. Obv. (dd NN) hRACL (IS) T hRA (CONST) PP AVI Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. BOXX below. DOC 19g. MIB 65. S. 779. 3,70 g. Rare. Double striking. Some weaknesses. Almost extremely fine-very fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 181 Munich. October 12, 2009. Lot 2663

600.-

Fractions

3246 Semissis 610/613. Officina . Obv. dN hRACLI S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on globe. DOC 51b. MIB 71a. S. 784. 2,20 g. Lustrous uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 545.

3246

300.-

3247

3247

Semissis 610/613. No officina. Obv. dN hRACLI S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on globe. DOC 51a. MIB 71b. S. 784. 2,91 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 180 Munich. October 12, 2009. Lot 490.

300.-

116

HERACLIUS

3248

3248

Tremissis 610/613. No officina. Obv. dN hRACLI S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 53d.I. MIB 73b. S. 786. 1,48 g. Lustrous uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 546.

250.-

3249

3249

Tremissis 613/641. Officina S. Obv. dN hRACLI S T PP AV Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 54. MIB 74. S. 787. 1,45 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen Deutschland 6 Stuttgart. March 31, 2000. Lot 426. Prof. Grierson suggests that the letter S does not represent an officina and is a part of the abbreviated form of Augusti.

200.-

3250

3250

Tremissis 613/641. No officina. Obv. dN hRACLI S T PP AV Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 54 var. MIB 74. S. 787 var. 1,45 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica Q Zurich. 1997. Lot 2101.

200.-

117

HERACLIUS

Mint of Jerusalem

3251

3251

Solidus year 12 (607). Obv. D N hRACLI S PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust (Phocas) with pointed beard, facing and holding cross in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Angel standing facing, holding long staff with Staurogram in r. hand and globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB in exergue. DOC 176 (Alexandria). MIB 76 (Cyprus). S. 850 (Jerusalem). 4,40 g. Extremely rare. About Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica Zurich. May 11, 1998. Lot 585. The mint used the dies of a Phocas solidus, re-engraving the legend for Heraclius.

5000.-

With Heraclius Constantinus

3252

3252

Solidus after 613. dd NN hRACLI(S ET hRA CONST) PP AVG Facing, crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and smaller Heraclius Constantinus on r., both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Exergual line below. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 187 (Alexandria). MIB 77 (Cyprus). Sear 851. 4,46 g. Some flattening on the edges. Cabinet piece. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 136 Osnabrck. March 10, 2008. Lot 1441.

1000.-

118

HERACLIUS

3253

3253

Solidus 626/630. Obv. dd N(N hRACLIS ET hRA CONST PP AVG) Facing, crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and smaller Heraclius Constantinus on r., both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV IX Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 187c (Alexandria). MIB 77 (Cyprus). S. 852. 4,44 g. Some flattening on the obv. legend side. Otherwise virtually as struck.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 75, October 27, 1999. Lot 1632. Dr. Alan Walker writes : These issues are quite controversial. Hahn, in MIB, suggests that they come from a military mint in Cyprus, and that the letters at the end of the legend on the reverse date the issues to 617-622 and 622-627 respectively; while the DOC attributes them to Alexandria. However, the date I and IX on the reverses can be very clearly related to very rare AE folles inscribed with the full name of Jerusalem in the exergue, and must be mintmarks rather than dates. This is especially true since obverse dies link both reverse types. A military mint in Jerusalem during the time when Heraclius was directing his war against the Sassanid Persians makes perfectly good sense historically, and the appearance of coins from a named temporary mint has a number of other late Roman and Byzantine parallels.

1000.-

3254

3254

Solidus 626/630. Obv. dd NN hRACLIS ET hRA CONST PP AVG Facing, crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and smaller Heraclius Constantinus on r., both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 187b (Alexandria). MIB 77 (Cyprus). S. 852. 4,35 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 1998. Lot 586.

600.-

119

HERACLIUS

Mint of Carthage With Heraclius Constantinus

3255

3255

Solidus 614/615. Year . Obv. D N RACLIO T RA CONST PP AVG Facing, crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., somewhat smaller. Both draped and cuirassed. Cross above. Rev. VICTORI A AVGG Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC -, cf. 204ff. MIB 84a. S. 867. 4,45 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Genevensis Geneva. November 18, 2002. Lot 175.

750.-

Uncertain Sicilian Mint (Syracuse?)

3256

3256

Tremissis 610/613. Obv. dN hRAC LI PP AV Draped, cuirassed bust, bearded, to r. wearing diadem. Rev. VICTORI A AV Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 53. MIB 99-100 var. S. 881G-H. Ricotti Prina 35. 1,46 g. Rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica Q Zurich. April 5, 2006. Lot 2100 Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 10 Zurich. 1997. Lot 748

750.-

120

HERACLIUS

Uncertain Mint (Alexandria? or Rome?) With Heraclius Constantinus

3257

3257

Solidus 613/625. Obv. NN hRACLIS T hRA CONST PP AG Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r. facing; both draped and cuirassed. Cross above. Rev. VICTORI A AVS Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 107a. S. 928. 4,52 g. Very rare. Tiny scratch. Good very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 174 Osnabrck. Sept. 27, 2010. Lot 1192.

1500.-

Mint of Ravenna With Heraclius Constantinus

3258

3258

Solidus 613. Obv. DD NN HRACLIVS T HRA CONST PP AVGG Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r. facing; both draped and cuirassed. Cross above. Rev. VICTORI AVGG H Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC 271b. MIB 110d. S. 896. 4,48 g. Rare. Well centred and about uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 46 Chicago. December 16, 1986. Lot 205.

2000.-

121

HERACLIUS

3259

3259

Solidus 613. Obv. DD NN HRACLIVS T HRA CONST PP AVGG Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r. facing; both draped and cuirassed. Cross above. Rev. VICTORI VGG P Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 271d. MIB 110b. S. 896. 4,43 g. Rare. Well centred and extremely fine.
Ex Auction Jean Elsen 101 Bruxelles. June 13, 2009. Lot 611. Ex Auction Jean Elsen 47 Bruxelles. December 14 1996. Lot 817

2000.-

3260

3260

Solidus 629. Obv. dN HRACLIVS T HRA CONST PP AVG S Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r. facing; both draped and cuirassed. Cross above. Rev. VICTORI VGG T Cross potent on four steps. CONOB below. DOC -, cf. 271. MIB 110c. S. 896. 4,43 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS Zurich 47. September 14, 1999. Lot 304.

2000.-

Fractions

3261 3261 Semissis 637/641. Obv. D N HRACLI PERP P AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORI VGGVSTI Cross potent on beaded circle. Three pellets on r. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 123 (AVGGUSTO). S. 899E var. (AVGGUSTO). 2,27 g. Small die flaw on obv. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 284.

750.-

122

HERACLIUS

3262

3262

Tremissis 610/611. Obv. D N HRACL I PERP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORI HERACLI AVG Cross potent. DOC 275. MIB 124. S. 900. 1,45 g. Rare. Attractive and well centred. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 136 Osnabrck. March 10, 2008. Lot 1440

1000.-

3263

3263

Tremissis 610/613. Obv. DN HCRACLI IVS PP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORI VCVSTORVN Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 276. MIB 125. S. 902. 1,47 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 1999. Lot 583,

800.-

3264

3264

Tremissis 613/629. Obv. D N HRACLI - PRP AVG Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVGVSTORVM Cross potent. DOC 276 note. MIB 126. S. 901. 1,46 g. Very rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Nomisma 39 San Marino. October 10, 2009. Lot 1834.

1200.-

123

HERACLIUS

Unknown Mint in Northern Italy With Heraclius Constantinus

3265

3265

Solidus c. 620/630. Obv. DD NN HCRACLIVS CT HCRA CONST PP A Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., facing. Both in chlamys. Cross in field above. Rev. VICTORI I YCCC H Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB -, cf. 110b and 111. S. -. 4,45 g. Unedited. Fine style. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Genevensis Geneva. November 18, 2002. Lot 179. Style and fabric would point to an Italian mint. The legends are basically correct but some letters such as C for might lend weight to the proposition that the coin is a barbarian imitation.

2500.-

Unknown mint

3266

3266

Solidus after 616. Obv. dd NN hERACIITI ET hERA CONST PP AV Crowned busts of Heraclius on l. and Heraclius Constantinus on r., each wearing chlamys and cross on diadem. Heraclius Constantinus is much smaller. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV O Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB -. S. -. 4,41 g. Rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction 64 UBS Basel, January 24, 2006. Lot 309. An Officina O does not exist. The obverse legend, as well as the style of the reverse, lead one to assume a provincial mint or probably more likely a barbarian imitation.

500.-

124

HERACLIUS CONSTANTINUS

3267 3267 Tremissis after 629. Obv. D N HRAI IVS P P AV CCCI Crude cuirassed bust with duadem to r. Rev. VICTORI VIVSTORI Cross ptent. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB cf. X10ff. 1,46 g. Very rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 168 Osnabrck. March 12, 2010. Lot 8045. Undoubtedly the product of a neighbouring mint of probably Langobardic origin.

1500.-

HERACLIUS CONSTANTINUS, 11 JANUARY - 20 APRIL 641


Heraclius Constantinus was born on May 3, 612 and crowned co-emperor on January 22, 613. He became senior emperor upon his fathers death, ruling together with his half-brother Heraclonas, whose mother was Martina, second wife of Heraclius. Being extremely sick at the time of his accession, he paid out 2 million solidi to the army, so that the soldiers would protect his family after his demise. Indeed a rumour that Martina had poisoned her stepson led to the forced imposition of Constans II as co-emperor with Heraclonas and ultimately to the mutilation and banishment of Martina and Heraclonas.

3268

3268

Solidus March 11 - July 641. Officina I. Obv. No legend. Standing crowned figure of Heraclius facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. slightly smaller crowned figure of Heraclius Constantinus standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On l. figure of crowned Heraclonas of almost equal size standing facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross in field above. Rev. VICTORIA AV I. Cross potent on three steps. Heraclius monogram in l. field, K in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 45 (officina not listed). MIB 52. S. 770. 4,51 g. Cabinet piece. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS 63 Zurich. September 6, 2005. Lot 498. Ex Auction Hess-Divo 283 Zurich. May 10, 2000. Lot 187. Hahn (MIB) convincingly argues that the letter in reverse field refers to Heraclius Constantinus, who in his very short reign, may have thought it prudent not to issue coins solely in his name..

3000.-

125

CONSTANS II

CONSTANS II, 641-668


Son of Heraclius Constantinus, Constans was under the tutorship of the military and the Senate until age 18 in 648. During his reign Armenia and Cyprus were lost to the Caliphate and an attempt to retake Egypt failed. Even the supposedly unvanquishable Byzantine fleet was defeated by the Arabs in the Battle of Phoinix, the emperor barely escaping capture. Instead of consolidating forces against the Arabs in the East, Constans moved West in 661. He was the last Roman emperor to set foot in the city of Rome, where he stayed two weeks. Italy suffered under the high taxes imposed by the emperor and when it appeared that he was considering making Syracuse his new capital instead of Constantinople, he was murdered by a chamberlain while visiting a steam bath.

Mint of Constantinople

3269

3269

Solidus 642/645. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Small, neat bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1c (Heraclonas). MIB 3a. S. 936. 4,44 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. April 2007. Lot 391.

500.-

3270

3270

Solidus 642/645. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Small, neat bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOBK below. DOC 2 var. (Heraclonas). MIB 4a. S. 937. 4,48 g. Choice extremely fine.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1999. Lot 1304. Prof Grierson in DOC and the Bibliothque Nationale have attributed these issues to Heraclonas. But serious doubts about the validity of this attribution have arisen. It is now generally agreed that these coins are indeed issues of Constans II.

750.-

126

CONSTANS II

3271

3271

Solidus 642/647. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1a var. MIB 3a. S. 938. 4,47 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89. May 5, 1998. Lot 547.

500.-

3272

3272

Solidus 642/647. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1d. MIB 3b. S. 938. 4,43 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Astarte Lugano. October 28, 1999. Lot 1307.

600.-

3273

3273

Solidus 642/647. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1e. MIB 3b. S. 938. 4,46 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 47 Chicago. February 19, 1987. Lot 18.

600.-

127

CONSTANS II

3274 Solidus 644/645. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. CONOBC below. DOC 2c. MIB 6. S. 939. 4,48 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 548.

3274

500.-

3275 3275 Solidus 644/645. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. C (indictional year 3) in field on r. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 5. S. 939A. 4,39 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 290.

750.-

3276

3276

Solidus 641/646. Officina I. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV I . Cross potent on three steps. CONOBS below. DOC 3 (officina not listed). MIB 7a. S. 940. 4,45 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 47 Chicago. February 19, 1987. Lot 19.

400.-

128

CONSTANS II

3277 Solidus c. 641/646. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. CONOBK below. DOC -. MIB -. R. -. S. 941A var. T. -. 4,41 g. Very rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction UBS 64 Basel. January 24, 2006. Lot 316. Sear records the type but knows only officina S.

3277

800.-

3278

3278

Solidus 646/647. Officina B. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV B. Cross potent on three steps. in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 5a1. MIB 9. S. 942. 4,47 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 42 Chicago. April 15, 1987. Lot 27.

800.-

3279

3279

Solidus 646/647. Officina S. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV S. Cross potent on three steps. (indictional year 5) in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 5c. MIB 9. S. 942. 4,47 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 151 Munich. October 9, 2006. S. 942.

750.-

129

CONSTANS II

3280

3280

Solidus 646/647. Officina B. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV B. Cross potent on three steps. (indictional year 5) in r. field. CONOB+ below. DOC 6 (Officina not listed). MIB 10. S. 943. 4,47 g. Lovely red toning. As struck. Cabinet piece. Brilliant uncirculated.
Purchased privately

2000.-

3281 Solidus 647/648. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. S (indictional year 6) in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 7b. MIB 11. S. 944. 4,49 g. Tiny metal flaw on rev. Uncirculated.
Purchased directly from UBS 1988.

3281

500.-

3282

3282

Solidus 647/648. Officina S. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV S. Cross potent on three steps. S (indictional year 6) in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 7b. MIB 14. S. 947. 4,48 g. Tiny metal flaw on rev. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 96 Munich. June 1999. Lot 682.

500.-

130

CONSTANS II

3283 3283 Solidus 647/648. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, Rev. VICTOR(I)A AV Cross potent on three steps. S (indictional year 6) in r. field. CONOB+ below. DOC 12 (No officina listed). MIB 15. S. 948. 4,42 g. Weak spot on rev. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 159 Munich. October 8, 2007. Lot 504.

750.-

3284 3284 Solidus 648/649. Officina Z. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Z (inverted). Cross potent on three steps. Z (indictional year 7) in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 13c. MIB 16a. S. 949. 4,46 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 549.

500.-

3285 3285 Solidus 648/649. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. Z (indictional year 7) in r. field. CONOB+ below. DOC 14 (officina not listed). MIB 17. S. 950. 4,31 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 89 Osnabrck. March 8, 2004. Lot 2878,

400.-

131

CONSTANS II

3286 Solidus 650/651. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV . Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 16 (officina not listed). MIB 20. S. 953. 4,72 g. Uncirculated-about uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 47 Chicago. February 19, 1987. Lot 21.

3286

400.-

3287

3287

Solidus 650/651. Officina S. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV S. Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 16b. MIB 20. S. 953. 4,36 g. Slightly off-centre. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 124 Osnabrck. March 16, 2007. Lot 7718.

600.-

3288

3288

Solidus 650/651. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB+ below. DOC 17 (officina not listed). MIB 21. S. 954. 4,39 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatik Lanz 138 Munich. November 26, 2007. Lot 586.

600.-

132

CONSTANS II

3289

3289

Solidus 650/651. Officina I. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. CONOB+ below. DOC 17 (officina not listed). MIB 21. S. 954. 4,44 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 96 Munich. June 1999. Lot 681..

450.-

3290

3290

Solidus 650/651. Officina H, Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Larger and more robust bust with short beard, crowned, facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV H Cross potent on three steps. CONOBI below. DOC 18a. MIB 22. S. 955. 4,48 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 96 Munich. June 1999. Lot 683..

450.-

3291

3291

Solidus 652/654. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Crowned bust with long beard and moustache facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 19d. MIB 23. S. 956. 4,41 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 550.

500.-

133

CONSTANS II

3292

3292

Solidus 652/654. Officina H. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AVG Crowned bust with long beard and moustache facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV H Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 19h. MIB 23. S. 956. 4,43 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52 Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3632.

800.-

3293

3293

Solidus 652/654. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Crowned bust with long beard and moustache facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 19i. MIB 23. S. 956. 4,38 g. Brilliant uncirculated-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 551.

500.-

3294

3294

Solidus 652/654. Officina . Obv. N CONStAN TINYS PP AV Crowned bust facing, with long beard and wearing chlamys, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOBI in exergue. DOC 20 (this officina unlisted). MIB 25. S. 957. 4,40 g. Graffito on reverse field, otherwise good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 56 Zurich. October 8, 2010. Lot 627.

500.-

134

CONSTANS II

3295 3295 Solidus after 652. Officina B. Obv. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINS PP AV Crowned bust with medium long beard and moustache facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV B Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 23 var. S. 956 var. 4,48 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS 64 Basel. January 24, 2006. Lot 318. The obverse die is from the light weight series featuring the emperors portrait with a relatively short beard reaching to his upper breast. See MIB 44ff.

500.-

With Constantinus IV

3296 3296 Solidus 654/659. Officina A. Obv. D N CONSTANTINS C CONST Crowned busts of Constans on l. and Constantinus on r. facing; Constans with long beard; Constantinus small and beardless. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. Rev. VICTORIA AV A Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 25a var. MIB 26. S. 959. 4,46 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex direct purchase from Harlan Berk 1987

400.-

3297 3297 Solidus 654/659. Officina B. Obv. D N CONSTANTINS C CONSTAN Crowned busts of Constans on l. and Constantinus on r. facing; Constans with long beard; Constantinus small and beardless. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. Rev. VICTORIA AV B Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 25b. MIB 26. S. 959. 4,49 g. Very slight flattening on obv. Brilliant uncirculated.
Private purchase 2000.

500.-

135

CONSTANS II

3298

3298

Solidus 654/659. Officina . Obv. D N CONSTANTINS C CONSTAN Crowned busts of Constans on l. and Constantinus on r. facing; Constans with long beard; Constantinus small and beardless. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 25e. MIB 26. S. 959. 4,38 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52 Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3633.

400.-

3299

3299

Solidus 654/659. Officina Z. Obv. D N CONSTANTINS C CONSTANT Crowned busts of Constans on l. and Constantinus on r. facing; Constans with long beard; Constantinus small and beardless. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. Rev. VICTORIA AV Z (inverted) Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 25e. MIB 26. S. 959. 4,27 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1216.

500.-

3300

3300

Solidus 654/659. Officina I. Obv. (D N CONSTAN)TINS C CONST Crowned busts of Constans on l. and Constantinus on r. facing; Constans with long beard; Constantinus small and beardless. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 25j. MIB 26. S. 959. 4,44 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS 47 Zurich. Sept. 14, 1999. Lot 324.

500.-

136

CONSTANS II

3301

3301

Solidus 654/659. Officina Z. Obv. D N CON(ST)ANTINS C CONTA Crowned busts of Constans on l. and Constantinus on r. facing; Constans with long beard; Constantinus small and beardless. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. Rev. VICTORIA AV Z (inverted) Cross potent on three steps. CONOBI below. DOC 26f. MIB 28. S. 960. 4,39 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS 47 Zurich. Sept. 14, 1999. Lot 326.

400.-

3302

3302

Solidus 654/659. Officina I. Obv. d N CONSTANTINS C CONSTANT Crowned busts of Constans on l. and Constantinus on r. facing; Constans with long beard; Constantinus small and beardless. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. CONOBI below. DOC 26h. MIB 28. S. 960. 4,33 g. Virtually as struck and almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 40 Zurich. May 16, 2007. Lot 932.

600.-

3303

3303

Solidus 654/659. Officina . Obv. dN CONST(ANT)INS C CONST Crowned busts of Constans on l. and Constantinus on r. facing; Constans with long beard; Constantinus small and beardless. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB+ below. DOC 27C. MIB 27. S. 961. 4,41 g. Small test mark on edge. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction LHS Numismatik 103 Zurich. May 5, 2009. Lot 231.

300.-

137

CONSTANS II

With Constantinus IV, Heraclius and Tiberius

3304

3304

Solidus 659/662. Officina Z. Obv. Fragmentary legend dN CONST AI Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORI - A AV Z (inverted)+ Long cross on globe between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 29 (officina not listed). MIB 30. S. 963. 4,33 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 141 Munich. October 10, 2005. Lot 382.

750.-

3305

3305

Solidus 659/662. Officina Z. Obv. Fragmentary legend dN CONS - TA Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORI - A AV Z (inverted)+ Long cross on globe between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 29 (officina not listed). MIB 30. S. 963. 4,36 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 330.

500.-

138

CONSTANS II

3306

3306

Solidus 662/667. Officina B. Obv. Fragmentary legend dN CONST AN Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV B Cross potent on three steps between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 30B. MIB 31. S. 964. 4,45 g. Uncirculated.
Private purchase in March 2000.

500.-

3307

3307

Solidus 662/667. Officina . Obv. Fragmentary legend dN AN Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA A(V) Cross potent on three steps between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 30c. MIB 31. S. 964. 4,39 g. Tiny edge nick. Uncirculated.
Ex UBS Auction 64 Basel. January 24, 2006. Lot 324.

500.-

139

CONSTANS II

3308

3308

Solidus 662/667. Officina . Obv. Fragmentary legend (dN) - AN Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. (VICTORIA) AV Cross potent on three steps between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 30d1. MIB 31. S. 964. 4,41 g. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Russo Sao Paulo 1984.

250.-

3309

3309

Solidus 662/667. Officina . Obv. Fragmentary legend dN CONST - TNI Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 30 (officina not listed). MIB 31. S. 964. 4,30 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 332.

300.-

140

CONSTANS II

3310

3310

Solidus 662/667. Officina Z. Obv. Fragmentary legend dN CONST (illegible) Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV Z (letter inverted) Cross potent on three steps between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 30f (officina not listed). MIB 31. S. 964. 4,46 g. About uncirculated..
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 47 Chicago. February 19, 1987. Lot 22.

400.-

3311

3311

Solidus 662/667. Officina . Obv. Fragmentary legend dN CONST (off flan) Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORI - A AV Cross potent on three steps between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 30h. MIB 31. S. 964. 4,43 g. Uncirculated.
Ex private purchase 2000.

500.-

141

CONSTANS II

3312

3312

Solidus 662/667. Officina . Obv. Fragmentary legend dN. Facing busts of Constans II, bearded, and Constantinus IV of smaller size, beardless. Constans wearing plume behind crown; Constantinus crowned. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA A(V) Cross potent on three steps between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius, smaller, on r. Both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 36b. MIB 34. S. 969. 4,42 g. Very fine-extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 158 Osnabrck. September 28, 2009. Lot 991.

600.-

3313

3313

Solidus 667/668. Officina B. Obv. VICTORIA AV B Facing bust of Constans with long beard, wearing plumed helmet and chlamys. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Cross on helmet. Rev. No legend. Constantinus IV standing facing between Heraclius on r. and Tiberius on l. All three are crowned, wearing chlamys and each holds a globe cruciger in the r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 40 (officina not listed). MIB 39. S. 972. 4,49 g. Rare. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS Zurich 83. September 8, 2009. Lot 425. Ex Auction UBS Zurich 67. September 6, 2006. Lot 5615.

700.-

142

CONSTANS II

3314

3314

Solidus 667/668. Officina S. Obv. VICTORIA AV S Facing bust of Constans with long beard, wearing plumed helmet and chlamys. Globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross on helmet. Rev. No legend. Constantinus IV standing facing between Heraclius on r. and Tiberius on l. All three are crowned, wearing chlamys and each holds a globe cruciger in the r. hand. Constantinus IV is larger than Heraclius, who is a little larger than Tiberius. CONOB below. DOC 42e. MIB 41. S. 974. 4,49 g. Rare. Slight weaknesses. Extremely fine.
Ex SKA Monetarium. List December 1988, No. 66. Ex Goodacre Collection

1000.-

3315

3315

Solidus 667/668. Officina Z. Obv. VICTORIA AV Z (inverted) Facing bust of Constans with long beard, wearing plumed helmet and chlamys. Globe cruciger in r. hand. No cross on helmet. Rev. No legend. Constantinus IV standing facing between Heraclius on r. and Tiberius on l. All three are crowned, wearing chlamys and each holds a globe cruciger in the r. hand. Constantinus IV is larger than Heraclius, who is a little larger than Tiberius. CONOB below. DOC 42f. MIB 41. S. 974. 4,49 g. Rare. Slight weaknesses. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 151 Munich. October 9, 2006. Lot 531. Remarkably the coin does not name any of the four emperors depicted. Apparently it was thought the populace knew them well enough.

1000.-

143

CONSTANS II

The Light Weight Solidi

3316 3316 Solidus of 23 siliquae 651/654. Officina . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINVS PP AV Crowned bust with long beard facing, wearing chlamys, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 22e. MIB 46. S. 977. 4,22 g. Small scratch on rev. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 158 Osnabrck. September 28, 2009. Lot 988.

600.-

3317 3317 Solidus of 23 siliquae 651/654. Officina A. Obv. dN CONSTAN TINV(S PP AV) Crowned bust with long beard facing, wearing chlamys, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV A Cross potent on three steps. in r. field. CONOB+ below. DOC 23 (officina unlisted). MIB 47. S. 978. 4,28 g. Some flattening. Extremely fine.
Ex Harlan Berk Chicago

600.-

3318 3318 Solidus of 23 siliquae 651/654. Officina I. Obv. dN CONSTAN (TINVS) PP AV Crowned bust with long beard facing, wearing chlamys, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. in r. field. CONOB+ below. DOC 23 (officina unlisted). MIB 47. S. 978. 4,26 g. Some flattening. Extremely fine.
Ex CNG Mail Bid Sale 81. May 20, 2009. Lot 1168.

800.-

144

CONSTANS II

3319

3319

Solidus of 23 siliquae 651-654. Officina . Obv. d N CONStAN TINYS PP AV Bust facing, with long beard, wearing crown with cross on circlet and chlamys, holding globus cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. In exergue, BOKI. DOC -. MIB 45. S. 980. 4,29 g. Rare. Weak spot on rev. Light marks. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 56 Zurich. October 8, 2010. Lot 629.

1000.-

Fractions

3320 3320 Semissis 642/668. Obv. D N CONSTA TINS PP AV Draped, cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent on globe. CONOB below. DOC 44. MIB 50. S. 983. 2,19 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 309.

200.-

3321 3321 Tremissis 642/668. Obv. (D N CONSTA) TINS PP AV Draped, cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 45. MIB 51. S. 984. 1,43 g. Extremely fine.

150.-

145

CONSTANS II

Mint of Carthage

3322 3322 Solidus 643/644. Indiction B. Obv. D N CON STATIN P Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTO RIA A (or ) B Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 107 var. MIB 56 var. S. 1029 var. 4,42 g. Small module issue. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 101 Munich. March 6, 2000. Lot 1134. Due to the small module the lettering is extremely difficult to read. The end of the reverse legend could be an additional A and Indiction B (643/44), or a hitherto unedited Indiction year B. Regardless, the letters at the ending of the reverse legend have not yet been fully interpreted.

600.-

3323

3323

Solidus 650/651. Indiction . Obv. (D N CON) ATN TI(N) Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTO RIA A (or ) Cross potent on three steps, P on r. CONOB below. DOC 114 var. MIB 63. S. 1036. 4,47 g. Small module issue. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 52 Zurich. September 11, 2001. Lot 314. The small lettering poses the same problem as for the coin above.

500.-

3324

3324

Solidus 653/654. Indiction IB. Obv. D N CO NSTNT Crowned bust with long beard facing, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTO RA A IB Cross potent on three steps. DOC 116. MIB 64. S. 1037. 4.40 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Argenor Numismatique Paris. April 1999. Lot 78.

500.-

146

CONSTANS II

Mint of Syracuse

3325 3325 Solidus 642/646. Emission . Obv. d N CONSTAN TINS PP AV Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV D Cross potent on three steps. I in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 8 (Heraclonas). MIB 81. S. 1067. 4,44 g. Rare. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 61 Zurich. September 14, 2004. Lot 4656.

1500.-

With Constantinus IV

3326 3326 Solidus 654/659. Emission I Obv. d N CONSTANT INS CONSTANTIN Crowned bust of Constans II with long beard facing on l. facing. Small crowned bust of Constantinus IV facing on r. Both wearing chlamys. Rev. VICTORIA AVI+ Cross potent on small globe over four steps; in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 158a. MIB 88. S. 1079. 4,42 g. Rare. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 29, 2000. Lot 469.

3000.-

Fractions

3327 3327 Semissis 659/660. C Indiction . Obv. (d N) CONSTAN TINS PP AV Bearded bust to r., draped and cuirassed, wearing diadem. Rev. VICTORIA AV C Cross potent on globe. with dots on the ends of the letter bars in r. field. DOC -. MIB 102. S. 1091. 2,17 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Triton VIII New York. January 11, 2005. Lot 1385.

500.-

147

CONSTANS II

3328

3328

Semissis 659/660. C Indiction . Obv. d N CONSTAN TINS PP A Bearded bust to r., draped and cuirassed, wearing diadem. Rev. VICTORIA AV C Cross potent on globe. with dots on the ends of the letter bars in r. field. DOC -. MIB 102 var. S. 1091 var. 2,12 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Astarte VI Lugano. November 2000. Lot 610.

600.-

3329

3329

Tremissis 648/654. Indiction C. Obv. d N CONSTAN TINS PP AV Bearded bust to r., draped and cuirassed, wearing diadem. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent. C in r. field. DOC 171a. MIB 107. S. 1099. 1,46 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. May 7, 2006. Lot 279.

400.-

3330

3330

Tremissis 662/668. Emission . Obv. d N CONSTAN TNIS PP A Draped, cuirassed and bearded bust to r. wearing diadem. Rev. VICTORIA - AVC Cross potent, in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 175a. MIB 111. S. 1102. 1,29 g. Rare. Crude style. Very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica Q Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 2114. Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica G Zurich. 1973. Lot 1973.

300.-

148

CONSTANS II

With Constantinus IV, Heraclius and Tiberius.

3331

3331

Solidus 659/661. Emission . Obv. dN CONSTAN TINVS CONS(TANI) Crowned bust of Constans II with long beard on l. and smaller Constantinus IV on r. facing. Both wearing chlamys, cross above. Rev. VICTORIA (AV) (vertical) Cross potent on globe over four steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 161b. MIB 94. S. 1083. 4,01 g. Very rare. Has been shaved. Small scratch. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 182 Osnabrck. 14 March 2011. Lot 1067.

1500.-

3332

3332

Solidus 661/668. Emission K. Obv. d N CONSTA NT (INS CONS ---) Bust of Constans II with long beard, wearing plumed helmet with cross, facing on l. Small crowned bust of Constantinus IV on r. facing. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICOTRIA AV CIK Cross potent on three steps between crowned figures of Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing. Each is clad in chlamys and holds globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 162c var. MIB 95.5. S. 1086A. 4,42 g. Very rare. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 651. Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 10 Zurich, April 9, 1997. Lot 752.

2500.-

149

CONSTANS II

3333

3333

Solidus 661/668. Emission K Obv. d N CONSTA NTI Bust of Constans II with long beard, wearing plumed helmet with cross, facing on l. Small crowned bust of Constantinus IV on r. facing. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. VICTORIA AV K Cross potent on three steps between crowned figures of Heraclius and Tiberius standing facing. Each is clad in chlamys and holds globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 162d. MIB 96. S. 1087A. 4,44 g. Very rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 652. Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 10 Zurich, April 9, 1997. Lot 751.

1500.-

Fractions

3334 3334 Semissis 662/668. Obv. (d N) CONST(A)N TIN PP AV Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA - AVC Cross potent on globe; in r. field. DOC 166a. MIB 103. S. 1092 2,13 g. Extremely fine.

500.-

3335 3335 Tremissis 654/659. Obv. d N CONSTAN TINS PP AV Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AV C Cross potent; in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 174 var. MIB 110 var. S. 1101. 1,45 g. Good style. Very fine-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 294.

450.-

150

CONSTANS II

Mint of Ravenna

3336 3336 Solidus 644/645. Indiction . Obv. d N CONSTA NTINV PP AVG Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTOI VGG Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 128b2 var. S. 1132C var. 4,28 g. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 18, 1999. Lot 586.

1000.-

Fractions

3337 3337 Tremissis 642/647. Obv. d N CONSTAN - TINVS PP AV Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORI VGST Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 201 var. MIB 134b. S. 1134. 1,49 g. Rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 136 Osnabrck. March 10, 2008. Lot 1469.

500.-

Mint of Cherson (?)

3338 3338 Solidus 651/652. Indiction I (?). Obv. d N CONSTAN TINS PP AV(G) Crowned bust with long beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORIA AVC I X Cross potent on three steps. COOB below. DOC -. MIB 54. S. 1145B. 4,28 g. Very rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Harlan Berk Chicago purchased July 2000. Note the recut reverse die C instead of and the inverted N in CONOB. All speak for a mint on the periphery of the Empire.

4000.151

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS, 668-685


While Constans II attempted to move his capital to Syracuse, Constantinus had remained in Constantinople. After his fathers death an usurper named Mezezius tried to gain power in Syracuse. Constantinus sailed west with a fleet and put an end to this revolt. In 674 the Arabs tried to take Constantinople. The siege lasted four years. During the siege the wonder weapon Greek Fire was first used. At its end the Arabs lost their fleet and sued for peace. He must be credited for stopping a Muslim invasion of Europe. Less fortunate was that he was forced to acknowledge the Bulgar Khanate who had taken the Province of Moesia and also accept the Langobards as rulers of most of Italy.

Mint of Constantinople With Heraclius and Tiberius

3339

3339

Solidus 669/674. Officina B. Obv. d N CONST A NIS PP c Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Helmet with crest. Shield on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA A V B Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Tiberius smaller. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. Doc 6b. MIB 4c. S. 1153. 4,40 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 653.

750.-

3340

3340

Solidus 669/674. Officina S. Obv. d N CONST A NIS PP Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Helmet with crest. Shield on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA A V S+ Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Tiberius smaller. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 5C. S. 1153A. 4,32 g. Graffito on obv. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Classical Numismatic Group 81. Mail Bid. May 20, 2009. Lot 1173.

400.-

152

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

3341 3341 Solidus 674/681. Officina A. Obv. Fragmentary legend. d N C T NSP Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Helmet with crest. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOA A VA Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 10a. MIB 7a. S. 1156. 4,36 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 848.

750.-

3342 3342 Solidus 674/681. Officina . Obv. Fragmentary legend. d N A (?) Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Helmet with crest. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOA (A V) Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 8 (officina not listed). MIB 7a. S. 1154. 4,39 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 141 Munich. October 10, 2005. Lot 384.

600.-

3343 3343 Solidus 674/681. Officina . Obv. Fragmentary legend. d N CO T NSP Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Helmet with crest and plume. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOA A V Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 8 (officina not listed). MIB 7a. S. 1156. 4,27 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 849. The Leu cataloguer lists this coin as officina S. Correct examination reveals that it is officina letter reengraved over .

500.-

153

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

3344 3344 Solidus 674/681. Officina H. Obv. Fragmentary legend. d N C T P? Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Helmet with crest. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOA A (?)VH Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 8d. MIB 7a. S. 1154. 4,44 g. Virtually as struck. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 89 Osnabrck. March 8, 2004. Lot 2889.

700.-

3345 3345 Solidus 674/681. Officina illegible. Obv. Fragmentary legend. d N A SI Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing. Helmet with crest. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTOA A (?) ? Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 8. MIB 7a. S. 1154. 4,35 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 89 Osnabrck. March 8, 2004. Lot 2890.

400.-

3346 3346 Solidus 674/681. Officina +. Obv. Fragmentary legend. d N CO T NS P Helmeted, cuirassed bust facing with short beard. Helmet with crest. Shield with horseman device on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTA - - V + Cross potent on three steps between standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r. Both crowned, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 9 (officina not listed). MIB 8a. S. 1156A. 4,21 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk Chicago. May 1, 1983. Lot 26.

600.-

154

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

Sole Reign

3347

3347

Solidus 681/685. Officina A. Obv. P CONST A NS PP A Cuirassed bust with short beard facing, wearing helmet with diadem, crest and plume; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand spear held over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA AVA Cross potent on three steps. COHOB below. DOC 12a. MIB 10. S. 1157. 4,41 g. Of fine style. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 1998. Lot 587.

1000.-

3348 3348 Solidus 681/685. Officina . Obv. P CONS TAN S PP Cuirassed bust with short beard facing, wearing helmet with diadem, crest and plume; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand spear held over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 12 (officina not listed). MIB 10. S. 1157. 4,36 g. Of fine style. Extremely fine.
Ex private purchase.

700.-

3349 3349 Solidus 681/685. Officina . Obv. P OCNS TA NS PP A Cuirassed bust facing, wearing helmet with diadem, crest and plume; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand spear held over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORA V Cross potent on three steps CONOB below. DOC 14C. MIB 10. S. 1157. 4,39 g. Tiny scratches on rev. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 159 Munich. October 8, 2007. Lot 506.

600.-

155

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

3350

3350

Solidus 681/685. Officina . Obv. P CONST - A NS PP A Cuirassed bust facing, wearing helmet with diadem, crest and plume; on l. shoulder shield with horseman device; in r. hand spear held over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORA V Cross potent on three steps CONOB A below. (A slightly elevated). DOC 15 (officina not listed). MIB 11. S. 1158. 4,43 g. Graffito on obv. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Muenzzentrum Rheinland 152 Solingen. September 2, 2009. Lot 803. Ex Stock List Bankhaus Aufhuser 6. Munich. 1988. No. 66.

400.-

Fractions

3351

3351

Semissis starting 669. Obv. O N CONSTA - TINS PP A Draped, cuirassed bust, with diadem, to r. Rev. VICTORIA V S Cross potent on globe. DOC 16. MIB 15C. S. 1161. 2,18 g. Tiny scratches. Good very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 124 Osnabrck. March 16, 2007. Lot 7723.

350.-

3352

3352

Tremissis starting 669. Obv. d N CONS SCOPPA Draped, cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent, CONOB below. DOC 17. MIB 16c. S. 1162. 1,37 g. Slightly mis-struck on periphery obv. Double strike and planchet fault on rev. Otherwise extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 115 Chicago. July 2000. Lot 121.

200.-

156

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

Mint of Carthage or Mint in Sardinia

3353

3353

Solidus ca. 675. Obv. Fragmentary legend. DO Helmeted, cuirassed bust with short beard facing, spear over r. shoulder, shield on l. shoulder. Rev. No legend visible. Cross potent on three steps between facing and crowned figures of Heraclius and Tiberius. DOC 43 var. MIB 20. S. 1188. 4,27 g. Globular module. Nearly extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich, May 12, 2000. Lot 824. Ex Auction Hess-Leu 45 Lucerne. May 12, 1970. Lot 692.

700.-

3354

3354

Solidus 679/680. Indiction year H. Obv. DD N VS TAVS Cuirassed, helmeted bust facing. Shield on l. shoulder, spear in r. hand over r. shoulder. Rev. No legend. Cross potent on three steps between crowned standing figures of Heraclius on l. and Tiberius on r., both wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Indiction year H on l. and symbol u on r. DOC -. MIB 25 (Sardinia or Carthage). S. 1189A (Carthage). 4,37 g. Very rare. About uncirculated.
Ex Harlan Berk Chicago. Professor Hahn in MIB presents the case, pro and con, for a Sardinian mint or the mint of Carthage. While the retrograde u has been identified in later coin emissions as the mint sign for Sardinia, the fact that a hoard of these coins have been found in Tunisia, lends more credibility to Carthage as the mint and the u referring to a gold shipment from Sardinia to aid in the war against the Arabs under the governor of Ifikya, Uqbah. Another possibility being that the Sardinian mint was a branch of the mint of Carthage and the finished coins were shipped back to the African continent.

3000.-

157

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

Mint of Syracuse With Heraclius and Tiberius

3355

3355

Solidus 668/674. Emission KC Obv. d N CONST ATNSGGOI Crowned bust in chlamys facing, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA A V KC Cross potent on three steps between standing, facing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius, both crowned and each holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 55a. MIB 30. S. 1201. 4,55 g. Very rare. Attractive and struck on broad flan. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 822. Ex Auction Kunst & Mnzen 10 Lugano. May 31, 1973. Lot 221.

5000.-

3356

3356

Solidus 674/681. Obv. d (N CONS) TANT V PP Helmeted, cuirassed bust with short beard facing; spear over r. shoulder, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA A (AV) Cross potent on three steps between standing, facing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius, both crowned and each holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 57b var. MIB 33. S. 1203. 4,33 g. Very rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 75 Zurich. October 1999. Lot 1636.

2000.-

158

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

Sole reign

3357

3357

Solidus 681/685. Obv. d N COS T AN Cuirassed bust, wearing plumed helmet, facing. Spear over r. shoulder, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA - AVV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 59a var. MIB 37 var. S. 1204 var. 4,13 g. Very rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 21 Zurich. May 17, 2001. Lot 617.

2000.-

Fractions

3358

3358

Tremissis 670/674. Emission Obv. d N CONSTN PPA Draped and cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent, in field r. CONOB below. DOC 59bis var. MIB 41 var. S. 1205A var. 1,46 g. Rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica Q Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 2115.

400.-

159

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

Mint of Ravenna With Heraclius and Tiberius

3359

3359

Solidus 669/674. Obv. d CONST ANT INI PI Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing; spear over r. shoulder. Rev. VICTORI (A AV) Cross potent on three steps between standing, facing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius, both crowned and each holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 54.1 var. S. 1216B. 4,38 g. Rare. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 18, 1999. Lot 587

1500.-

3360

3360

Solidus 669/674. Obv. d CONST ANT INI PI Helmeted and cuirassed bust facing; spear over r. shoulder. Rev. (VICTORI) A AV Cross potent on three steps between standing, facing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius, both crowned and each holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 54. S. 1216B var. 4,42 g. Rare. Reverse double striking and somewhat blurred. Minor nick. Extremely fine-very fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 75 Zurich. October 27, 1999. Lot 1635.

1000.-

160

CONSTANTINUS IV POGONATUS

Mint of Rome With Heraclius and Tiberius

3361

3361

Solidus 668/681. Obv. d N CO S T - AN PP Helmeted, cuirassed bust with short beard facing. Spear over r. shoulder, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA A - V followed by cross-anchor (or over ) symbol. Cross potent on three steps between standing, facing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius, both crowned and each holding globe cruciger in r. hand. CONOB below. DOC 77 var. MIB 46b. S. 1219a. 4,34 g. Very rare. Nicks on obv. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 21 Zurich. May 15, 2001. Lot 616.

2500.-

3362

3362

Solidus 673/674. Indiction B. Obv. d N C ON - STI -N ()PP Helmeted, cuirassed bust with short beard facing. Spear over r. shoulder, shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA (A) - AVVV Cross potent on three steps between standing, facing figures of Heraclius and Tiberius, both crowned and each holding globe cruciger in r. hand. B in lower r. field. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB -. S. -. 4,42 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 15 Zurich. May 18, 1999. Lot 588. The references the NAC cataloguer alludes to all preclude the anchor/cross symbol which is not on this coin. Neither is the year B edited.

1500.-

161

JUSTINIANUS II, 1st Reign

JUSTINIANUS II, 1st Reign 685-695

The career of Justinianus II was certainly noteworthy and unusual as it showed a character that was energetic and daring, while at the same time short-sighted and blundering. As the son of Constantinus IV he profited from his fathers military successes. He had the noses of his two younger brothers cut off, so that they could not come in question as emperors, little knowing that poetic justice lurked around the corner and he was to share the same fate. He had some success against the Slavs and resettled many captives into depopulated areas of the empire. With Caliph Abd al-Malik he agreed on a joint administration of Cyprus and the splitting of the taxes levied on that island. He made the mistake of removing a portion of the Cypriote population from the island into the mainland empire, thus angering the Caliph, as he was receiving less taxes by this gambit. In addition, Justinianus II minted the first coins with a portrait of Christ, which was not taken kindly by the Muslim Arabs. War ensued and the Byzantines suffered a major defeat. The military losses, heavy taxation, grandiose building schemes, etc. led to s great dissatisfaction in the populace and when a rumor started that the emperor planned to murder the Patriarch and begin a massacre in Constantinople, this was immediately believed as true. He was arrested and had his nose and tongue slit to the amusement of the population in the hippodrome. His life was spared and he was exiled to Cherson. This was to prove a costly mistake.

Mint of Constantinople

3363

3363

Solidus 685. Officina . Obv. ISTINIA NS PAV Crowned, beardless bust, wearing chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. Crown with cross. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1 (officina not listed). MIB 1. S. 1242. 4,53 g. Rare. Splendid specimen. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Muenzzentrum Rheinland 152 Solingen. September 2, 2009. Lot 804. The earliest emission of the young, 16 year old emperor, proclaimed on November 5, 685.

3500.-

162

JUSTINIANUS II, 1st Reign

3364

3364

Solidus 685/686. Officina Z. Obv. ISTINIA NS PAV Crowned, beardless bust, wearing chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. Crown with cross and circlet. Rev. VICTORIA AV Z Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 2c. MIB 2. S. 1243. 4,50 g. Uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium. April 1983.

2500.-

3365

3365

Solidus 685/686. Officina . Regnal year A = 1. Obv. IVSTINIA (NS P'AV) Crowned, larger bust, wearing chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORIA AV A Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 3b. MIB 3. S. 1244. 4,23 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 315 Zurich. October 28, 2009. Lot 298.

1500.-

3366

3366

Solidus 685/686. Officina . Regnal year A = 1. Obv. IVSTNIA NS PAV Crowned, larger bust, wearing chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger Rev. VICTORIA AV A Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 3b var. MIB 3. S. 1244 var. 4,23 g. About uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Harlan Berk Chicago, Direct purchase August 2000. Sold as unique with the missing letter I in the obverse legend.

2000.-

163

JUSTINIANUS II, 1st Reign

3367

3367

Solidus 686/687. Officina H. Obv. IVSTINIA NS PAV Crowned, larger bust with slight beard, wearing chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORIA AV H Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 4c. MIB 4. S. 1245. 4,38 g. Rare. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 158 Osnabrck. September 28, 2009. Lot 997.

1000.-

3368

3368

Solidus 687/692. Officina . Obv. D ISTINIA NS P AV Crowned bust with slight beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 5d. MIB 6. S. 1246. 4,44 g. Extremely fine.
Ex UBS AG. Direct purchase November 2000.

600.-

3369

3369

Solidus 687/692. Officina S. Obv. D ISTINIA NS P AV Crowned bust with slight beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORIA AV S Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 5e. MIB 6. S. 1246. 4,24 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. May 7, 2006. Lot 281.

750.-

164

JUSTINIANUS II, 1st Reign

3370

3370

Solidus 692/695. Officina . Obv. IhS CRISTOS RX REGNANTIM Bust of Christ with full beard and long hair facing, cross behind head, wearing pallium and colobium and raising r. hand in benediction. Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. D ISTINI(AN)S SR ChRISTI Crowned figure of Justinian II facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent on two steps in r hand, akakia in l. hand. In lower r. field at end of reverse legend . CONOP below. DOC 7e. MIB 8a. S. 1248. 4,63 g. Rare. Splendid portrayal of Christ. Some weakness in reverse strike. Otherwise brilliant uncirculated.
Ex private purchase 1999. The first depiction of Christ on a coin.

2500.-

3371

3371

Solidus 692/695. Officina off flan. Obv. IhS CRISTOS RX REGNANTIM Bust of Christ with full beard and long hair facing, cross behind head, wearing pallium and colobium and raising r. hand in benediction. Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. D ISTINI AN -S SR ChRISTI Crowned figure of Justinian II facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent on two steps in r hand, akakia in l. hand. (CONOP below.) DOC 7. MIB 8b. S. 1248. 4,38 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 5, 2006. Lot 656. Ex Auction Bank Leu 36 Zurich, 1985. Lot 386.

1500.-

165

JUSTINIANUS II, 1st Reign

Fractions

3372

3372

Semissis 687/692. Obv. d ISTINA IS P AV Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent on globe. DOC 9. MIB 11. S. 1251. 2,17 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Spink USA 144 New York. July 13, 2000. Lot 531. Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen AG 13 Basel. June 23, 1983. Lot 861.

3000.-

3373

3373

Tremissis 687/692. Obv. d ITSINIA NS P AVG Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 13. MIB 15. S. 1255. 1,35 g. Graffito on obverse. Scratch on reverse. Good very fine-about extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 5, 2006. Lot 655.

500.-

3374 3374 Tremissis 692/695. Obv. (I)hS CR(ISTOS RE)X RGNANT Bust of Christ with full beard and long hair facing, cross behind head, wearing pallium and colobium and raising r. hand in benediction. Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. D ISTINI AN (S SR ChRISTI) Crowned figure of Justinian II facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent on base of four globes in r hand, akakia in l. hand. DOC 14. MIB 16. S. 1256. 1,44 g. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 5, 2006. Lot 657.

3000.-

166

JUSTINIANUS II, 1st Reign

Mint of Syracuse

3375

3375

Solidus 685/695. Emission . Obv. (d) IS(TINIAN)S PP Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys (over cuirass?) and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 41a2. MIB 23. S. 1281. 4,15 g. Rare. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica Q Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 2116.

1500.-

Mint of Naples

3376

3376

Solidus 685/695. Obv. D N ISTINI ANS PP AV Crowned bust with short beard facing; wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORA AVL Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB N28 var. S. -. Michael D. OHara, A Curious and Interesting Solidus for the Mint of Naples under Justinian II, Numismatic Circular, March 1988, pp. 43-44 (this piece). 4,33 g. Some weakness in rev. legend. Otherwise uncirculated.
Ex Harlan Berk Chicago 2000. Ex Auction Sothebys 7214, Lot 326. As an interesting afterthought the Sotheby cataloguer wrote following: The emperors crown is unusual on this example in that there are two bars to either side of the central cross. OHara, remarking on their superficial similarity to depictions of the horns of the Devil, suggested that this may represent a satirical comment by the Duke of Naples on the Sixth Ecumenical Council of 687! This seems rather an elaborate theory as it requires special pleading for the crown, date of the coin and attitude of the Western Church to Justinian, but the style of the crown is not paralleled elsewhere and no other explanation seems to have been offered.

4000.-

167

JUSTINIANUS II, 1st Reign

Mint of Ravenna Fractions

3377

3377

Tremissis 687/695. Obv. d N IST INIAN O PP Draped, cuirassed bust with diadem to r. Rev. VICTORIA AVSt Cross potent, pointed in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 71 var. MIB 36. S. 1321 var. (uncertain Italian mint). 1,45 g. Small edge fault. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 62 Osnabrck. March 13, 2001. Lot 955.

1500.-

Uncertain Italian Mint

3378

3378

Solidus 685/695. Obv. d N ISTINI ANS P AV Crowned facing bust with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Four pellets on chlamys. Rev. VICTORA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below (B retrograde). DOC -. MIB -. S. -. 4,32 g. Extremely rare. Thin scratches on rev. Otherwise about extremely fine.
Ex Auction Sothebys 7214. Lot 337. Ex Auction Crdit Suisse Bern. 1994. Lot 703. A bust with four pellets, or any pellets, seems to be unparalleled in the respective literature.

2000.-

168

LEONTIUS

LEONTIUS, 695-698
Leontius came from a noble and rich family and pursued a career in the military. After being defeated at the Battle of Sebastopolis by the Arabs (his Slav troops had deserted to the enemy), he was blamed for the outcome and imprisoned for three years. After that time he was released by Justinianus and made commander of the Theme Hellas. He immediately began plotting against the emperor and replaced him in late 695. His rule was ineffectual. During this time the exarchate of Africa and its important capital Carthage were taken by the Arabs who reached the Atlantic at the end of the century. The fleet that had been sent to aid Carthage failed, and the commander deemed it more prudent to overthrow the emperor upon his return than to admit failure. Constantinople suffered a long siege, the plague and finally was taken by Apsimar (Tiberius III) through treason. Leontius had his nose slit and was banished to a monastery. Apparently there were no living former emperors around who did not have this mark of distinction.

Mint of Constantinople

3379

3379

Solidus 695/698. Officina S. Obv. D LO N P AV Crowned bust in loros facing, in r. hand akakia, in l. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORIA AVS S Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1f. MIB 1. S. 1330. 4,43 g. Uncirculated.
Ex SBC Zurich. Direct purchase 1998.

2000.-

3380

3380

Solidus 695/698. Officina . Obv. D LO N P AV Crowned bust in loros facing, in r. hand akakia, in l. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1h. MIB 1. S. 1330. 4,47 g. Some weaknesses on rev. About uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich. List December 1991. No. 72.

1700.-

169

LEONTIUS

Fractions

3381

3381

Tremissis 695/698. Obv. D LO N P AG Crowned bust in loros facing, in l. hand akakia, in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. VICTORIA AVSS Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 4. MIB 5. S. 1333. 1,40 g. Very rare. Minor traces of overstriking. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 29 Zurich. May 11, 2005. Lot 702.

2000.-

Mint of Syracuse

3382

3382

Solidus 695/698. Officina illegible. Obv. (D) LO(N AV) Crowned bust in loros facing; holding mappa in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Rev. (VICTORIA) A(V) Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 12ff. MIB 10. S. 1339. 4,04 g. Very rare. Shaved. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 182 Osnabrck. March 14, 2011. Lot 1074

750.-

170

TIBERIUS III APSIMAR

TIBERIUS III APSIMAR, 698-705


A naval officer of Germanic origin, Apsimar gained command of the Byzantine fleet that had been sent to North Africa. With the fleet and aid from the military, the imperial guard and political factions, he was able to take Constantinople and had Leontius mutilated and banished. His attention was given the Eastern frontier and he had some success in the struggle with the Arabs. In the meantime the banished Emperor Justinianus II had fled to the court of the Bulgar Khan Tervel whom he convinced to aid him in his bid for the Byzantine throne. No one really wanted to see the return of Justinianus and the city closed its gates to him and his Bulgar/Slav army. However, an unused aqueduct pipe was found through which entry was gained and Tiberius fled to Bithynia where he was captured some months later. He and Leontius were beheaded in the hippodrome

Mint of Constantinople

3383

3383

Solidus 698/705. Officina B. Obv. D TIbRI S P AV Crowned cuirassed bust facing. Spear in r. hand held diagonally in front of chest; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA AVS B Cross potent on three steps. COHOB below. DOC 1b. MIB 1. S. 1360. 4,28 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 64 Basel. January 24, 2006. Lot 328.

1200.-

3384

3384

Solidus 698/705. Officina . Obv. D TIbRI S P AV Crowned cuirassed bust facing. Spear in r. hand held diagonally in front of chest; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1 (officina not listed). MIB 1. S. 1360. 4,38 g. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex UBS AG direct purchase 2000.

1000.-

171

TIBERIUS III APSIMAR

3385

3385

Solidus 698/705. Officina . Obv. D TIbRI S P AV Crowned cuirassed bust facing. Spear in r. hand held diagonally in front of chest; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1d. MIB 1. S. 1360. 4,48 g. Tiny metal flaws. About uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium direct purchase 1983.

1000.-

3386

3386

Solidus 698/705. Officina S. Obv. D TIBRI S P AV Crowned, cuirassed bust with short beard facing. In r. hand spear held diagonally in front of body. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device. Rev. VICTORIA AV S Cross potent on three steps. DOC 1e. MIB 1. S. 1360. 4,48 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. April 2007. Lot 394.

1000.-

3387

3387

Solidus 698/705. Officina Z. Obv. D TIbRI S P AV Crowned cuirassed bust facing. Spear in r. hand held diagonally in front of chest; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Z Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1f. MIB 1. S. 1360. 4,29 g. Virtually as struck. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex SBC direct purchase 1998.

1200.-

172

TIBERIUS III APSIMAR

Fractions

3388

3388

Semissis 698/705. Obv. d TIBRI S P AV Crowned cuirassed bust facing. Spear in r. hand held diagonally in front of chest; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR(IA) AVS Cross potent on globe. DOC 3. MIB 7. S. 1362. 2,19 g. Rare. Partially weak strike. Light scratches on rev. Extremely fine-about extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 29 Zurich. May 11, 2005. Lot 703.

600.-

3389 3389 Tremissis 698/705. Obv. d TIBRI S P AV Crowned cuirassed bust facing. Spear in r. hand held diagonally in front of chest; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR(I)A AVSS Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 4. MIB 8. S. 1363. 1,39 g. Rare. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik.Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 862.

600.-

Mint in Sardinia

3390 3390 Tremissis 698/705. Obv. d TI(BRI S P) A(V) Crowned cuirassed bust facing. Spear in r. hand held diagonally in front of chest; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent. + in l. field, S in r. CONOB below. DOC 19. MIB 18. S. 1376. 1,18 g. Very rare. Minor marks. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 831.

1500.-

173

TIBERIUS III APSIMAR

Mint of Syracuse

3391

3391

Solidus 698/705. Obv. D TIBERI (AV) P Crowned, cuirassed bust with short beard facing. In r. hand spear held diagonally in front of body. On l. shoulder shield with horseman device. Rev. VICTORIA AV Letters A in inscription elongated. Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 21h2. MIB 22. S. 1380. 4,07 g. Very rare. Some weakness. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Muenzzentrum Rheinland 152 Solingen. September 2, 2009, Lot 816. Ex Mnzen & Medaillen AG Basel Stock List 514. 1988. No. 35.

1500.-

Mint of Naples

3392

3392

Solidus 698/705. Obv. D TIBR - IS P - AV Crowned cuirassed bust facing. Spear in r. hand held diagonally in front of chest; shield with horseman device on l. shoulder. Rev. VICTOR - AV Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 34. MIB 52. S. 1397. 3,98 g. Very rare. Reverse nicks and graffiti. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1, 1999. Lot 1307.

4000.-

174

JUSTINIANUS II, 2nd Reign

JUSTINIANUS II, 2nd Reign 705-711


After escaping his banishment and finding refuge with the Khazars and then with the Bulgars, Justinianus was able to enter Constantinople with a Bulgar army. His driving force was now revenge on those who had ousted him 9 years before. He instituted a veritable reign of terror, going so far as to blind the Patriarch Kallinikos I. Aside from murder and terror he did practically nothing that would count as the rule of an emperor. Being totally preoccupied with seeking personal revenge, he neglected the East where the Arabs attacked Cilicia and Cappadocia. He did send a naval expedition to Cherson to punish that city for his treatment while banished there. The fleet and the citizens of Cherson however, allied themselves. A second fleet was sent to punish the first fleet and Cherson. But this fleet, also allied itself with the first fleet and the inhabitants. Now he no longer had any support at all and the fleets returned under a general named Bardanes, took Constantinople and killed Justinianus and his infant son.

Mint of Constantinople

3393 3393 Solidus 705/711. Obv. d N IhS ChS RX RGNANTIM Bust of Christ facing, with curly hair and short beard. He wears pallium and colobium and raises r. hand in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. f N IS TINIA - NS MLTS AN Crowned bust facing wearing loros; in r. hand cross potent on three steps, in l. hand patriarchal cross on globe inscribed PAX. DOC 1. MIB 1. S. 1413. 4,40 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 556.

2000.-

With Tiberius

3394 3394 Solidus 705/711. Obv. d N IhS ChS RX RGNANTIM Bust of Christ facing, with curly hair and short beard. He wears pallium and colobium and raises r. hand in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. f N ISTINIAN S T TIbRIS PP A Crowned half-length figures of Justinianus II on l. and small figure of Tiberius on r. Both wearing divitision and chlamys, jointly holding with their r. hands a cross potent on two steps. DOC 2a. MIB 2a. S. 1414. 4,37 g. Slight weaknesses in the legend, otherwise uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich. List May 1991. No. 90.

1500.-

175

JUSTINIANUS II, 2nd Reign

3395

3395

Solidus 705/711. Obv. d N IhS ChS RX RGNANTIM Bust of Christ facing, with curly hair and short beard. He wears pallium and colobium and raises r. hand in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. f N ISTINIAN S T TIbRIS PP A Crowned half-length figures of Justinianus II on l. and small figure of Tiberius on r. Both wearing divitision and chlamys, jointly holding with their r. hands a cross potent on two steps. 4,35 g. Brilliant uncirculated. DOC 2a. MIB 2a. S. 1414.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich direct purchase April 1983.

2000.-

3396

3396

Solidus 705/711. Obv. d N IhS ChS RX RGNANTIM Bust of Christ facing, with curly hair and short beard. He wears pallium and colobium and raises r. hand in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. f N ISTINIAN S T TIbRIS PP A Crowned half-length figures of Justinianus II on l. and almost equal size figure of Tiberius on r. Both wearing divitision and chlamys, jointly holding with their r. hands a cross potent on two steps. DOC 2b. MIB 2b. S. 1415 4,44 g. Tiny scuff. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1229.

1500.-

176

JUSTINIANUS II, 2nd Reign

Fractions

3397 3397 Semissis 705/711. Earlier part of reign. Obv. d N IhS ChS RX RGNANTIM Bust of Christ facing. Cross behind his head. In his l. hand Book of Gospels, his r. hand raised in benediction. He has curly hair and a close cut beard and wears pallium and colobium. Rev. (D N ISTINIANS ET) TibRiS PP Half-length figures of Justinianus on l. and smaller Tiberius on r. Both facing, crowned and wearing divitision and chlamys. They jointly hold between them a cross potent on globe. DOC 4a. MIB 4a. S. 1417. 2,11 g. Rare. Some weakness on rev. edges, otherwise extremely fine.

2000.-

3398 3398 Semissis 705/711. Later part of reign, Obv. d N IhS ChS RX RGNANTIM Bust of Christ facing. Cross behind his head. In his l. hand Book of Gospels, his r. hand raised in benediction. He has curly hair and a close cut beard and wears pallium and colobium. Rev. (D N ISTINIANS ET TibRiS PP) Half-length figures of Justinianus on l. and Tiberius, of equal size, on r. Both facing, crowned and wearing divitision and chlamys. They jointly hold between them a cross potent on globe. DOC 4b. MIB 4b. S. 1418. 2,26 g. Rare. Small mounting trace. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 158 Osnabrck. September 28, 2009.

300.-

3399 3399 Tremissis 705/711. Obv. (d N IhS ChS) RX RGNANTIM Bust of Christ facing. Cross behind his head. In his l. hand Book of Gospels, his r. hand raised in benediction. He has curly hair and a close cut beard and wears pallium and colobium. Rev. (f N IS TINIA - NS M)LTS AN Crowned bust facing wearing loros; in r. hand cross potent on three steps, in l. hand patriarchal cross on globe inscribed PAX. DOC 5. MIB 5. S. 1419. 1,38 g. Rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 29, 1998. Lot 589.

400.-

177

JUSTINIANUS II, 2nd Reign

3400

3400

Tremissis 705/711. Later part of reign. Obv. d N IhS ChS RX R(GNANTIM) Bust of Christ facing. Cross behind his head. In his l. hand Book of Gospels, his r. hand raised in benediction. He has curly hair and a close cut beard and wears pallium and colobium. Rev. (D N IS)TINIANS ET TibRiS PP A) Half-length figures of Justinianus on l. and Tiberius, of equal size, on r. Both facing, crowned and wearing divitision and chlamys. They jointly hold between them a cross potent on base without steps. DOC 6b. MIB 6b. S. 1421. 1,32 g. Rare. Slightly shaved. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Muenzzentrum Rheinland 152 Solingen. September 2, 2009, Lot 819. Ex Mnzen & Medaillen AG Basel Stock List. 1979. No. 43.

1000.-

Mint of Syracuse

3401

3401

Solidus 709/710. Year H. Obv. Legend practically illegible. Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA A Cross potent on three steps. H in r. field. CONOB below. DOC 43 (first reign). MIB 14. S. 1283. 4,08 g. Extremely rare. Obverse struck from worn dies. Reverse extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 21 Zurich. May 5, 2001. Lot 618.

2000.-

178

JUSTINIANUS II, 2nd Reign

Fractions

3402

3402

Tremissis 705/709. Obv. (D) ISTI NI(ANS PP) Draped, cuirassed bust to r. with diadem. Rev. VICTORI(A A)V Cross potent on globe, K on r. DOC -. MIB 21a. S. 1293. 1,55 g. Very rare. Very fine-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Muenzzentrum Rheinland 152 Solingen. September 2, 2009. Lot 820. Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen AG Deutschland 1 Stuttgart. 1997. Lot 817.

500.-

Mint of Ravenna

3403

3403

Tremissis 705/711. Obv. D (--)T(-) NS PA(-) Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. VCTORI (A) V (--) Cross potent, K in lower r. COHOB below. DOC 77a var. (1st Reign). MIB 38. S. 1325 var. (1st Reign). 1,26 g. Very rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Spink 1239. July 13, 2000. Lot 559. Ex Stanley Gibbons list 26, no. 77.

1000.-

179

PHILIPPICUS BARDANES

PHILIPPICUS BARDANES, 711-713


Philippicus had some success in battling the Bulgars in the Northwest, but could do little against Arab raids in Asia Minor. In addition he incurred the wrath of Pope Constantine by supporting monotheletism which had been proclaimed a heresy by the 6th Ecumenical Council which he anathematised. The result was that the Pope refused to recognise him. After a rule of 1 years he was deposed by revolting troops, blinded and banished.

Mint of Constantinople

3404

3404

Solidus 711/713. Officina B. Obv. f N FILPICS ML - TS AN Crowned bust facing, wearing loros and holding globe cruciger in r. hand as well as eagle tipped sceptre in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV B Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1b. MIB 1. S. 1447. 4,40 g. Uncirculated. MIB 1.
Ex Mnzen & Medaillen AG Basel direct purchase at the Zurich International Coin Convention in Oerlikon 1999

2500.-

3405

3405

Solidus 711/713. Officina . Obv. f N FILPICS ML - TS AN Crowned bust facing, wearing loros and holding globe cruciger in r. hand as well as eagle tipped sceptre in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1e. MIB 1. S. 1447. 4,38 g. Slight weakness on rev. Extremely fine.
Ex UBS AG direct purchase in 2000.

1500.-

180

PHILIPPICUS BARDANES

3406

3406

Solidus 711/713. Officina . Obv. f N FILPICS ML - TS AN Crowned bust facing, wearing loros and holding globe cruciger in r. hand as well as eagle tipped sceptre in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1i. MIB 1. S. 1447. 4,47 g. Cabinet piece. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich. List May 1999. No. 91.

3000.-

3407

3407

Solidus 711/713. Officina I. Obv. f N FILPICS ML - TS AN Crowned bust facing, wearing loros and holding globe cruciger in r. hand as well as eagle tipped sceptre in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1j. MIB 1. S. 1447. 4,42 g. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Corny & Mosch 100 Munich. November 20, 1999. Lot 1096.

2000.-

Fractions

3408 3408 Tremissis 711/713. Obv. (f) N FIL(PICS ML - TS AN) Crowned bust facing, wearing loros and holding globe cruciger in r. hand as well as eagle tipped sceptre in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV I Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 6. MIB 6. S. 1452. 1,36 g. Very rare. Tight flan. Almost very fine-very fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 52 Zurich. September 11, 2001. Lot 330.

500.-

181

ANASTASIUS II ARTEMIUS

Mint of Syracuse

3409

3409

Solidus 711/713. Obv. (d N) FIL(PI CO PP AV) Crowned bust facing, wearing loros and holding globe cruciger in r. hand as well as eagle tipped sceptre in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA - A Cross potent on three steps. (CONOB) off flan. DOC 16. MIB 10. S. 1458. 3,99 g. Extremely rare. Graffiti on rev. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1999. Lot 1312.

8000.-

ANASTASIUS II ARTEMIUS, 713-715


Anastasius had been a court official and was chosen as emperor by those who had staged the coup against Philippicus. He regained favour for the Empire with Pope Constantine by reversing Philippicus monothelite decrees, fortified Constantinople, made Rhodes the Empires naval base and sent Leo, who was later to become emperor, to defend Syria against the Arabs. However, troops in the Opsikien Theme rebelled and proclaimed a certain Theodosius emperor. After a 6 month civil war Anastasius was deposed and became a monk in Thessalonica. An abortive attempt to regain power in the reign of Leo III cost him his life.

Mint of Constantinople

3410

3410

Solidus 713/715. Officina A. Obv. (D N AP)TEMIS A - NASTASIS ML Crowned, facing bust with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV A Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 2a. MIB 2. S. 1463. 4,47 g. Some weaknesses in the legends, otherwise brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52 Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3636.

2500.-

182

ANASTASIUS II ARTEMIUS

3411

3411

Solidus 713/715. Officina . Obv. f N APTEMIS A - NASTASIS ML Crowned, facing bust with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 2h. MIB 2. S. 1463. 4,53 g. Uncirculated-almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS 64 Basel. January 24, 2006. Lot 330.

2000.-

3412

3412

Solidus 713/715. Officina . Obv. f N APTEMIS A - NASTASIS ML Crowned, facing bust with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 3a. MIB 3. S. 1464 4,51 g. About uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich direct purchase 1988.

2000.-

Fractions

3413

3413

Semissis 713/715. No officina. Obv. D N APTEMIS A - NASTASIS ML Crowned, facing bust with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent on three steps. DOC 4. MIB 4. S. 1465. 2,16 g. Rare. Slight bend. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 557.

1000.-

183

ANASTASIUS II ARTEMIUS

3414 3414 Tremissis 713/715. No officina. Obv. (D N APTE)MIS A NAS(TASIS ML) Crowned, facing bust with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AVS Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 5. MIB 7. S. 1467. 1,39 g. Very fine-extremely fine.
Ex UBS AG direct purchase 2000.

500.Mint of Naples

3415 3415 Solidus 713/715. Obv. D ANAS TASIS P A Crowned, facing bust with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTOR AV Cross potent on three steps, star on r. CONOB below. DOC 15 var. MIB 14. S. 1476. 4,15 g. Very rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Astarte Lugano. May 11, 1998. Lot 362.

5000.Mint of Ravenna

3416 3416 Solidus 713/715. Obv. d N ART IMIVS AN Crowned, facing bust with short beard, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA AV Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 23 var. S. 1483. 4,32 g. Ragged flan. Otherwise about extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 66. Ex Auction Sothebys New York. November 2, 1998. Lot 383. Ex Auction Bank Leu 38 Zurich. May 13, 1986. The specimens listed by DOC, MIB, Sear all refer to the letter A following AV. Although alpha and delta were sometimes used interchangeably, our specimen appears to have the delta symbol and not a corrupted alpha.

5000.-

184

THEODOSIUS III OF ADRAMYTIUM

THEODOSIUS III OF ADRAMYTIUM, 715-717


Theodosius III was a financial civil servant and tax collector. He may have been the son of the former Emperor Tiberius III. Although chosen as emperor he tried to avoid the office by hiding in the forests. Nevertheless, once acclaimed he laid siege to Constantinople and after 6 months took the capital. He was not brutal or vengeful and allowed the former emperor Anastasius to retire to a monastery. Hr too was faced with Arab invasions of Anatolia and formed an alliance with the Bulgarians. This was of immense importance for the future because in 719 the Bulgarians helped relieve the 2nd Siege of Constantinople by the Arabs. Altogether not much is known of his short reign. In 717 Leo the Isaurian rebelled and forced him and his son to retire into ecclesiastic life. He or his son may have become Bishop of Ephesus.

Mint of Constantinople

3417

3417

Solidus 715/717. Officina . Obv. D N THODOSIS ML A Crowned bust with short beard facing wearing loros. In r. hand globe cruciger with patriarchal cross, in l. hand akakia. Rev. VICTORI AV Cross potent on three steps. DOC 1 (officina not listed). MIB 1. S. 1487. 4,39 g. Very rare. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 133 Munich. October 11, 2004. Lot 573.

7500.-

185

THEODOSIUS III OF ADRAMYTIUM

Fractions

3418

3418

Tremissis 715/717. Obv. d N TH(OdOSIS ML A) Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing loros and holding patriarchal cross on globe in r. hand. Rev. VICTORIA A(V)S Cross potent. CONOB below. DOC 4. MIB 4. S. 1490. 1,45 g. Very rare. Tight flan. Very fine-almost extremely fine.

1500.-

Mint of Naples

3419

3419

Solidus (debased gold) 715/717. Obv. (----)TI ODOSIS Broad, crowned bust with short beard wearing loros, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger with patriarchal cross, in l. hand akakia. Rev. VICTOI R AV Cross potent on three steps. Star on r. CONOB below. DOC 10 var. MIB 7. S. 1497. S. Boutin, Collection N. K. Maastricht, 1983, 488 = Bourgey, 27 October1992, 412 (same obverse die). Ricotti Prina 44-46. 4,00 g. Extremely rare. Some scratches on rev. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 839.

7000.-

186

LEO III THE "ISAURIAN"

LEO III THE ISAURIAN, 717-741


Leo had allied himself with Artavasdus, strategus of the Anatolikon theme, to overthrow the weak emperor Theodosius III. Within 6 months of his proclamation the Arabs once more besieged Constantinople with an army and fleet of some 100000 men. Leo III can also be credited with saving Europe from an Arab invasion. The strong walls, the determination of the defenders and the use of the secret weapon Greek Fire, coupled with the aid of the Bulgarians led the Arabs to give up the siege after 12 months. His battle against the Arabs continued throughout his reign, culminating in a great victory at Acroinon in 740. He reformed the governmental administration, brought Slav settlers to depopulated districts and allied himself with the Khazars and Georgians. He abolished the old tax structures, reformed civil and maritime law and formed new administrative districts. Under his reign the custom of the adoration and worship of holy images was prohibited (iconoclasm) leading to serious trouble within the orthodox church as well as with Rome. The West went so far as to disobey his edict. A revolt in Greece ensued. Even the Patriarch of Constantinople resigned, rather than to obey the decree. For posterity this was a great blow because many works of art were lost forever in the zealousness of the iconoclasts. Rome excommunicated the iconoclasts. In return, Leo transferred Italy and Illyricum from the papal diocese to the Patriarch of Constantinople. Ravenna revolted and became for all matters no longer subject to the empire. A state of affairs that is hardly conceivable for modern minds. The threat of utter destruction by the Arabs on one side and waging war against one another because of holy pictures!

Mint of Constantinople

3420

3420

Solidus 717/720. Officina A. Obv. d NO LO N P A ML Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTORIA (AV) A Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 1a. MIB 1. S. 1502. 4,46 g. Uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52 Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3637. Although the officina letter, at first glance, might appear to be a delta, I believe it is rather an elongated A with the cross bar sloppily drawn at the bottom, by the engraver.

1500.-

187

LEO III THE "ISAURIAN"

3421 3421 Solidus 717/720. Officina C. Obv. d NO LON P A ML Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing; in r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. Rev. VICTORIA AV C Cross potent on three steps. CONOB below. DOC 2 (officina not listed). MIB 2 (officina not listed). S. 1503 (officina not listed). 4,44 g. Rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Nomisma 39 San Marino. October 10, 2009. Lot 1839.

2500.-

With Constantinus V

3422 3422 Solidus 725/732. Obv. d NO LO - N P A ML Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing; in r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. Rev. d N CONST ANTINS M Bust of Constantinus V facing, beardless, crowned and holding globe cruciger in r. and akakia in l. hand. DOC 5. S. 1504. 4,45 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec 2007 Zurich. Lot 397.

1000.-

3423 3423 Solidus 720/725. Officina B. Obv. d NO LO - N P A ML Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing; in r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. Rev. d N CONST ANTINS M B Bust of Constantinus V facing, beardless, crowned and holding globe cruciger in r. and akakia in l. hand. DOC 4b.2. S. 1504. 4,44 g. Uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium List Mai 1991. No. 94. The officina letter B is extremely small.

1000.-

188

LEO III THE "ISAURIAN"

3424 3424 Solidus 720/725. Officina . Obv. d NO LO - N P A ML Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing; in r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. Rev. d N CONST ANTINS M Bust of Constantinus V facing, beardless, crowned and holding globe cruciger in r. and akakia in l. hand. DOC 4 (officina not listed). S. 1504. 4,42 g. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 1998. Lot 590.

750.-

3425 3425 Solidus 720/725. Officina I. Obv. d NO LO - N P A ML Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing; in r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. Rev. d N CONST ANTINS M I Bust of Constantinus V facing, beardless, crowned and holding globe cruciger in r. and akakia in l. hand. DOC 4 (officina not listed). S. 1504. 4,46 g. Uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium List December 1991. No. 76.

1000.-

3426 3426 Solidus 737/741. No officina. Obv. b NO LO - N P A ML Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing; in r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. Rev. d b N CONS - TANTINS Bust of Constantinus V facing, beardless, crowned and holding globe cruciger in r. and akakia in l. hand DOC 7 var. S. 1504. 4,45 g. About extremely fine-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Tkalec February 29, 2000. Lot 470.

1500.-

189

LEO III THE "ISAURIAN"

Fractions

3427

3427

Semissis 732/741. Obv. e N LO N PA ML Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. e N CONS TANTINV(--) Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent on globe in r. hand. DOC -. S. 1506 var. 2,22 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. The citations in the Leu catalogue do not apply as they refer to a solidus.

1000.-

3428

3428

Tremissis 720/725. Obv. d N LO NPAML Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. d N (CON)STA (NTI)N SM Young bust of Constantinus V facing, crowned, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent on base in r. hand. DOC 16.2 var. S. 1508. 1,44 g. Die flaw. About extremely fine-very fine.
Ex Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. Lot 263.

400.-

190

LEO III THE "ISAURIAN"

Mint of Syracuse With Constantinus V

3429

3429

Solidus c. 735/741 Obv. CO LO P A W Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing, globe cruciger in r. hand; akakia in l. hand. Rev. C N CON (ST)ATIN) Bust of Constantinus V facing, beardless, crowned and holding globe cruciger in r. and akakia in l. hand. DOC 45. S. 1524. 3,88 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. October 26, 2007. Lot 256.

2000.-

3430

3430

Solidus c. 735/741 Obv. CNO LO P A W Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing, globe cruciger in r. hand; akakia in l. hand. Rev. C N CON STA(NTI) Bust of Constantinus V facing, beardless, crowned and holding globe cruciger in r. and akakia in l. hand. DOC 45. S. 1524. 3,89 g. Extremely fine-almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 159 Munich. October 8, 2007. Lot 512.

1500.-

191

LEO III THE "ISAURIAN"

Fractions

3431 3431 Semissis 735/741. Obv. Garbled legend (--- PP A) Crowned bust with short beard in chlamys facing, globe cruciger in r. hand; akakia in l. hand. Rev. (---) CSTAP followed by a dot under a tiny recumbent S?. Followed by I? Crowned bust of his father Leo III facing, in chlamys, holding globe with cross potent in r. hand. DOC 46-47 var. S. 1526. $1,51 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 847. Ex Auction Kunst & Mnzen 3 Lugano. November 6, 1969. Lot 397. The Leu cataloguer placed this coin under Constantinus V, describing the emperor with a beard and his father without beard. I feel more comfortable with the assumption that it is actually an issue of Leo III showing the young emperor Constantinus on the reverse. The few identifiable letters of the legends would seem to fit this assumption.

500.-

3432 3432 Tremissis 720/735 Obv. (d) N L ON PA (ML) Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. (d N CONS) TANTIN Young bust of Constantinus V facing, crowned, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent on base in r. hand. DOC 48. S. 1540C (uncertain Italian mint). 1,26 g. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen Deutschland 6 Stuttgart. March 23, 2000. Lot 432.

400.-

3433 3433 Tremissis 735/741. Obv. d L ON P A Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. Legend off flan. Young bust of Constantinus V facing, crowned, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent on base in r. hand. DOC 51 var. S. 1528A var. 1,17 g. Ragged edge and some metal faults on rev. Extremely fine.
Auction Bank Leu 75 Zurich. October 27, 1999. Lot 1641. Whether the mint is Syracuse, an unidentified western or Italian mint seems too be pure conjecture until a serious and thorough study of the coins of Leo III and Constantine has been made.

500.-

192

LEO III THE "ISAURIAN"

3434

3434

Tremissis 735/741. Obv. Legend mainly off flan. Crowned bust facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. Legend mainly off flan. Young bust of Constantinus V facing, crowned, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent on base in r. hand. DOC 51 var. S. 1528a. 1,26 g. Good very fine-very fine.
Ex UBS AG direct purchase 2002. See note above.

350.-

Mint of Naples

3435

3435

Tremissis 717/720. Obv. D NO LON Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. VICTOR A (vertical) Cross potent on elongated base. Star in r. field. CONOB below. DOC -. MIB 14 (this coin). S. 1540A (uncertain Italian mints). 1,54 g. Probably unique. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Spink 144 New York. September 2000. Lot 575. Ex SKA Monetarium Price List, May 1987. No. 130. Ex Auction Sternberg 8 Zurich. November 1978. Lot 897. The Spink cataloguer places this coin under Rome without giving any explanation. Although Sear places it under unidentified Italian mints, the mint mark star has been attributed to Naples.

1000.-

193

LEO III THE "ISAURIAN"

Mint of Rome With Constantinus V

3436 3436 Tremissis 720/721. Indiction Obv. D NO L P A ML Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. (D NO) CO (NTANTI) Crowned bust facing wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger. In field on l. star, in field on r. . DOC 81. S. 1534. 1,18 g. Very rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction Spink New York. July 13, 2000.

1500.-

3437 3437 Tremissis 722/723. Indiction S. Obv. D NO L P A ML Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. D NO (CON) TANTI Crowned bust facing wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger. In field on l. star, in field on r. S. DOC 78ff. var. S. 1534 var. 1,29 g. Unedited. Very rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 107 Munich. April 2, 2001. Lot 675.

1500.-

Uncertain Italian Mint

3438 3438 Solidus 720/741. Obv. (D N)O L (P A )M(L) Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Globe on breast. Rev. N D CO SNTAN Crowned bust facing wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger. Dot between cross of globe and bust. DOC 43 var. (Syracuse). S. 1537B. 3,95 g. Rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 57 Osnabrck. March 8, 2005. Lot 2091.

1500.-

194

ARTAVASDUS

ARTAVASDUS, 742-743
Artavasdus was the governor of the Theme Armeniakon and had conspired with Leo III to depose the emperor Theodosius III. In return he married Leos daughter Anna and also became governor of the Opsikion theme. After Leos death he attacked his brother-in-law Constantinus V while the latter was on the way to battle the Arabs in the East. Constantinus had to flee and Artavasdus marched into Constantinople to much acclaim. He immediately revoked the iconoclast decrees and gained much popularity, specially with the West. Constantinus V, however, gained support and forces in the provinces and in two battles defeated Artavasdus, as well as his son Niketas. Upon entry into Constantinople he had Artavasdus and his sons apprehended and publicly blinded.

Mint of Constantinople With Nicephorus

2:1

3439

3439

Solidus 742/743. Obv. b N ARTA ASDS M Crowned bust with slight beard facing, wearing chlamys. In r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. Rev. b NIChFOR S MLT Crowned bust facing, wearing loros. In r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. DOC 3c. S. 1543. Feg 3. A2 (this coin cited). 4,47 g. Extremely rare. One of the finest known. Virtually as struck with much lustre. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 844. Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen AG 43 Basel. November 12, 1970. Lot 595.

50000.-

195

CONSTANTINUS V COPRONYMUS

CONSTANTINUS V COPRONYMUS, 741-775


Constantinus V is considered to be one of the most able of the Byzantine emperors. After regaining the capital from Artavasdus, fighting on two fronts, he was able to take advantage of the Caliphates dynastic problems and regained territory in the East, even sending expeditions into the Lebanon. On the western front he defeated the Bulgarians and Slavs, regaining Byzantine hegemony over the Balkans. Apparently Italy had been considered lost and no effort was made against the Langobards who took Ravenna in 751 without great resistance. Even the Pope turned to the Franks for help against the Langobards instead of the Emperor. The contemporary chronicles give a very negative picture of Constantinus. He supposedly was an avid iconoclast and persecuted the monasteries. He instituted administrative reforms and strengthened the army and navy. Constantinus died of an illness on a campaign against the Bulgarians in 775.

Mint of Constantinople

3440

3440

Solidus 741/751. Obv. B C ON STANTIN NC (NC ligate) Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. G L ON P A ML Facing bust of Leo III, the emperors deceased father, crowned, with short beard and wearing chlamys. He holds cross potent in r. hand and akakia in l, hand. DOC 1. S. 1550. 4,44 g. Rare. Attractive specimen. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. 2007. Lot 398.

1500.-

3441

3441

Solidus 741/751. Obv. b N CO N STANTIN NC (NC ligate). Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. b - L ON P A ML Facing bust of Leo III, the emperor's deceased father, crowned, with short beard and wearing chlamys. He holds cross potent in r. hand and akakia in l, hand. DOC 1b var. S. 1550. 4,44 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 29, 2000. Lot 471.

1200.-

196

CONSTANTINUS V COPRONYMUS

3442 3442 Solidus 741/751. Obv. b N CO N S TANTINS. Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding cross potent in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. b N D L - O N P A ML Facing bust of Leo III, the emperors deceased father, crowned, with short beard and wearing chlamys. He holds cross potent in r. hand and akakia in l, hand. Doc 1b. S. 1550. 14,45 g. Tiny scuff. Other wise almost uncirculated.
Ex SBV direct purchase 1990.

1000.-

With Leo IV

3443 3443 Solidus 751/757. Obv. COSTANTIOS S LOO OS Crowned facing bust of Constantinus on l. with short beard and crowned facing bust of his son Leo IV on r. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above between them. Rev. G L ON PA ML Crowned bust of his father Leo III facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent in r. hand. DOC 2c. S. 1551. 4,44 g. Rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 52 Osnabrck. September 1999. Lot 3639.

600.-

3444 3444 Solidus 751/757. Obv. COSTANTIOS S LOO OS Crowned facing bust of Constantinus on l. with short beard and crowned facing bust of his son Leo IV on r. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above between them. Dot between them. Bust of Leo IV more mature. Rev. G L ON PA ML Crowned bust of his father Leo III facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent in r. hand. DOC 2d. S. 1551. 4,47 g. Rare. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 49 Zurich. September 11, 2000. Lot 407.

800.-

197

CONSTANTINUS V COPRONYMUS

Mint of Syracuse With Leo IV

3445 3445 Solidus 751/775. Obv. (CONTAN) ON Facing, crowned busts of Constantinus V with short beard on l. and crowned young bust of Leo IV on r. Both wearing chlamys. Cross above. Rev. (GNO L) ON P A M Crowned facing bust of Leo III wearing loros and holding cross potent in r. hand. on r. DOC 15 var. S. 1565. 3,88 g. Rare. Good extremely fine.
Auction Tkalec Zurich. October 26, 2007. Lot 257.

2000.-

3446 3446 Solidus 751/775. Obv. Legend off flan. Crowned busts of Constantinus V and Leo IV facing, both in chlamys. Between them long cross. Rev. (GNO L)ON PA MP C Crowned bust of Leo III facing, wearing loros and holding cross potent in r. hand. DOC -. S. -. Cf. Spahr 328. 3,90 g. Very rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. October 26, 2007. Lot 258.

2500.-

3447 3447 Solidus 751/775. Obv. COT (AN) L(ON) Crowned busts of Constantinus V and Leo IV facing, both in chlamys. Cross above. Rev. G N OL ON P (---) Crowned bust of his father Leo III facing, wearing loros and holding dross potent in r. hand. DOC 15b2. S. 1565. 3,88 g. Rare. Some weakness. Otherwise extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 33 Zurich. April 6, 2006. Lot 665.

1500.-

198

CONSTANTINUS V COPRONYMUS

3448

3448

Solidus 751/775. Obv. Fragmentary legend. (------C LO) Crowned busts of Constantinus V and Leo IV facing, both in chlamys. Cross above. Rev. (---) L ON PAM Crowned bust of his father Leo III facing, wearing loros and holding dross potent in r. hand. Doc 15A. S. 1565. 3,54 g. Rare. Actually a very handsome coin, though ragged edge. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 70.

1500.-

Fractions

3449

3449

Tremissis 751/775. Obv. C (-----) STAN Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding cross potent in r. hand. Rev. Legend almost undecipherable L(-)ON Crowned bust of his father Leo III facing in chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 17. S. 1567. 1,22 g. Ragged edge. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex private purchase 2000.

500.-

199

CONSTANTINUS V COPRONYMUS

Mint of Rome With Leo IV

3450

3450

Debased metal solidus 751/775. Obv. f NO CON TANTN Crowned bust with short beard facing, wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. Rev. f NO L P A ML Bust of Leo IV facing, wearing crown and chlamys, in r. hand globe cruciger, akakia in l. hand. R in l. field, I in r. field. DOC 36. S. 1570. 2,43 g. Very rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Astarte IX Lugano. May 15, 2002. Lot 460.

1500.-

Fractions

3451

3451

Electrum tremissis 751/775. Obv. D NO CON TANOIN Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. Rev. D NO L PA ML Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. R in l. field, I in r. field. DOC 43. S. 1574. 1,48 g. Very rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 848. Ex Auction Hess-Leu 45 Lucerne. May 12 1970 (misdescribed). Ex Auction Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 268 Frankfurt a. M. April 24, 1968. Lot 373 (attributed to Leo III).

750.-

200

LEO IV THE KHAZAR

LEO IV THE KHAZAR, 775-780


Son of Constantinus V, he ascended the throne after his fathers death. Little is known of his reign. He did have some military successes against the Arabs and Bulgarians. Under the influence of his wife, Irene, he moderated the iconoclastic persecution and installed a Patriarch in Constantinople who was pro-iconodule. He died unexpectedly after a 5 year reign.

Mint of Constantinople With Constantinus VI

3452

3452

Solidus 776/780. Obv. LO VS S O COSTATIOS O NOS Crowned facing busts of Leo IV on l., bearded and Constantinus IV, beardless. Both wearing chlamys, cross above. Rev. LO PAP/ COSTATIOS PATHR Crowned busts of Leo III and Constantinus V, both bearded, facing. Each wears loros. Cross above. DOC 1a1. S. 1583. 4,41 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 52 Zurich. September 11, 2001. Lot 336.

2000.-

3453

3453

Solidus 778/780. Obv. LO VS S O COSTATIOS O NOS Crowned figures of Leo IV on l., bearded and Constantinus IV, beardless, seated on lyre backed double throne. Both wearing chlamys, cross above. Rev. LO PAP/ COSTATIOS PATHR Crowned busts of Leo III and Constantinus V, both bearded, facing. Each wears loros. Cross above. DOC 2. S. 1584. Feg 2. a 1x (this coin cited). 4,37 g. Struck on broad flan. Minor flatness on rev. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 850. Ex Auction Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 268 Frankfurt a. M. April 24, 1986. Lot 376.

2500.-

201

CONSTANTINUS VI AND IRENE

CONSTANTINUS VI AND IRENE, 780-797


Being only nine years old at the time of his fathers death, his mother, Irene, was regent. He forced Irene into exile in 790, but she returned in a year as co-regent. He had no success in his wars against the Bulgarians and proved himself to be a cruel and suspicious ruler. When a popular movement in favour of his uncle Caesar Nikephoros became apparent, he had him blinded and the tongues of his fathers 4 other halfbrothers cut off. The General Alexios Mosele was also blinded in his ever present fear of conspiracy. In the end he had no support left and Irene deposed him in 797 and had him suffer the fate of blindness.

Mint of Constantinople

3454

3454

Solidus 780/790. Obv. S I(RII) AV (MIT)HR Crowned bust of Constantinus VI in chlamys on l., facing and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r., bust of his mother Irene in loros, wearing elaborate crown, holding globe cruciger in r. hand and cross tipped sceptre in her left. Cross above. Rev. COSTATIOS..rB Crowned figures of Constantinus V, Leo III and Leo IV seated facing. All wearing chlamys. DOC 1. S. 1593. Feg 1. a 10 (this coin cited). 4,46 g. Very rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 851. Ex Auction Karl Kress 142 Munich. January 22, 1968. Lot 695.

4000.-

3455

3455

Solidus 780/790. Obv. S IRII) AV / MI THR Crowned bust of Constantinus VI in chlamys on l., facing and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r., bust of his mother Irene in loros, wearing elaborate crown, holding globe cruciger in r. hand and cross tipped sceptre in her left. Dot in-between. Cross above. Rev. COS(TAT)IOS..rB Crowned figures of Constantinus V, Leo III and Leo IV seated facing. All wearing chlamys. DOC 1 var. S. 1593 var. 4,32 g. Very rare. Weak in parts. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen AG. The New York Sale II, December 2, 1999. Lot 389.

3000,.

202

CONSTANTINUS VI AND IRENE

3456

3456

Solidus 790/792. Obv. COSTATIOS Crowned bust of Constantinus VI in chlamys on l., facing and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r., bust of his mother Irene in loros, wearing elaborate crown, holding cross tipped sceptre in her l. hand. Dot in-between. Cross above. Rev. SV IRI I AV MITRI A/A/ Crowned figures of Constantinus V, Leo III and Leo IV seated facing. All wearing chlamys. DOC 2. S. 1591. 4,49 g. Beautifully struck, all five portraits clear and sharp. Small roughness on obv. due to gold impurity. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 113 Chicago. March 14, 2000. Lot 67.

5000.-

3457

3457

Solidus 790/792. Obv. S IRI AV MI THR Crowned bust of Constantinus VI in chlamys on l., facing and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r., bust of his mother Irene in loros, wearing elaborate crown, holding cross tipped sceptre in her l. hand and perhaps, globe cruciger in r. hand (unclear). Dot in-between. Cross above. Rev. COSTA TiOS C/B/D/ Crowned figures of Constantinus V, Leo III and Leo IV seated facing. All wearing chlamys. DOC 2 var. S. 1592 or 1593. 4,45 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 29, 1998. Lot 597. It is not clear whether Irene has a globe cruciger in front of her.

4500.-

203

CONSTANTINUS VI AND IRENE / IRENE

3458

3458

Solidus 792/797. Obv. IRIH AOVSTI Crowned bust of Irene facing, wearing loros. In her r. hand globe cruciger, in her l. hand cruciform sceptre. Rev. COSTA TIOS BAS/ Crowned bust of Constantinus VI in chlamys on l., facing and holding globe cruciger in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. DOC 3a. S. 1594. 4,41 g. Some tiny marks. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 100 Munich. November 20, 1999. Lot 1098.

5000.-

IRENE, 797-802
The first woman Empress turned out to be a failure. Instead of strengthening the borders, she lowered taxes in order to curry favour. The Abbasids in the East and Bulgarians in the West seriously threatened the Empire. And a new Empire had been established in the West by the coronation of Charlemagne in 800. Irene was removed by a palace revolution and exiled to the island of Lesbos.

Mint of Constantinople

3459

3459

Solidus 797/802. Obv. IRIH bASILISSH Crowned, facing bust of Irene wearing loros. In her r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand cruciform sceptre. Rev. IRIH bASILISSH Crowned, facing bust of Irene wearing loros. In her r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand cruciform sceptre. DOC 1a. S. 1599. 4,38 g. About extremely fine.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich. List December 1991. No. 77.

4000.-

204

NICEPHORUS I

NICEPHORUS I, 802-811
Nikephorus had been finance minister under Irene and managed a palace revolution against her. He was immediately confronted by a revolt of the General Bardanes, supported by the later emperors Leo V and Michael II. Managing to quell these usurpers, he reorganized the Empire and increased taxes for military purposes, especially from the clergy. A war over Venice with Charlemagne in 806-810 led to a division of the Italian possessions. His success against the Arabs was less positive. However, against tribute payment he managed to keep the East peaceful and had time to turn against the Bulgarians. He defeated them twice, even sacking their capital Pliska, but his army was afterwards ambushed in the mountains and destroyed. The Emperor was killed and his son Stauracius mortally wounded.

Mint of Constantinople

3460

3460

Solidus 802/803. Obv. ICI FOROS bASIL/ Crowned bust facing wearing chlamys, cross potent in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. Rev. IhSS XRIS TS ICA X Cross potent on three steps. DOC 1b. S. 1603 4,45 g. Very rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 854. Ex Auction Karl Kress 148 Munich. July 21, 1969. Lot 617.

3500.-

With Stauracius

3461

3461

Solidus 803/811. Obv. ICI FOROS bASIL Crowned bust OF Nicephorus I facing, wearing chlamys, cross potent in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. Dot in outer l. field. Rev. STAVRA CIS eSPO/ Crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys, holding globe cruciger in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. DOC 2b1. S. 1604. 4,46 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 52 Zurich. September 11, 2001. Lot 337.

3000.-

205

NICEPHORUS I

3462

3462

Solidus 803/811. Obv. ICI FOROS bASIL Crowned bust OF Nicephorus I facing, wearing chlamys, cross potent in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. Dot in outer l. field. Rev. STAVRA CIS eSPO/X Crowned bust of Stauracius facing, wearing chlamys, holding globe cruciger in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. DOC 2c.1. S. 1604. 4,43 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 29, 2000. Lot 472.

2500.-

Mint of Syracuse With Stauracius Fractions

3463

3463

Semissis 803/811. Obv. I CFOROS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. (ST) ARAC Crowned bust in chlamys facing, globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 7 var. S. 1609. 1,76 g. Very rare. Tight flan. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen Deutschland 6 Stuttgart. March 23, 2000. Lot 437

1500.-

206

MICHAEL I RHANGABE

MICHAEL I RHANGABE, 811-813


The son of the Admiral of the Aegean Fleet, he became emperor by way of family influence and forcing the wounded Stauriacus to abdicate. He began his reign by lowering taxation and persecuting the iconoclasts. He recognised Charlemagne as Emperor and received Venice back as compensation. In an attempt to defeat the Bulgarians he suffered a major defeat and sensing that his reign was herewith ended, abdicated freely and became a monk.

Mint of Constantinople With Theophylactus

3464

3464

Solidus 811/813. Obv. MIXA HL bASIL Crowned, facing bust in chlamys; in r. hand cross potent on long staff, in l. hand akakia. Dot In pouter l. field. Rev. OFVLA CTOS DSPIX Crowned, facing bust in loros, in r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand cruciform sceptre. Dot in outer l. field. DOC 1a. S. 1615. 4,39 g. Extremely rare. Almost uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. October 28, 1998. Lot 375.

10000.-

207

LEO V THE ARMENIAN

LEO V THE ARMENIAN, 813-820


Leo was provincial governor and served in the military in high position. Returning as a survivor from the Battle of Versinikia, he ousted the ineffectual Michael and became emperor. He was able to defeat the Bulgarians in 814 and a 30 year peace was concluded. He reinstituted iconoclast policy and alienated many of the clergy. After arresting one of his major generals, the later Michael III, he was victim of an assassination in the Hagia Sophia on Christmas Day 820 the utmost sacrilege by adherents of Michael III.

Mint of Constantinople With Constantinus

3465

3465

Solidus 813/820. Obv. L O bASIL Crowned facing bust with short beard wearing chlamys, cross potent in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Pellet in outer l. field. Rev. COST ATI dSP/ Crowned facing bust wearing chlamys, globe cruciger in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. DOC 2a. S. 1627. 4,44 g. Cabinet piece. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich. List May 1992. No. 82.

4000.Mint of Syracuse

With Constantinus Fractions

3466 3466 Semissis 813/820. Obv. LO bASIL Crowned facing bust in chlamys, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. CO (-------)Crowned bust of Constantinus facing bust in chlamys, cross potent on globe in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. DOC 15 var. S. 1632B. 1,78 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1999. Lot 1326.

1500.-

208

MICHAEL II THE AMORIAN

MICHAEL II THE AMORIAN, 820-829


Having successfully arranged the assassination of Leo V, Michael was proclaimed emperor, still wearing his prison shackles on his legs. Although of rough peasant stock, he proved to be an able ruler. He neither supported nor opposed iconoclasm, thus quieting the dispute. One of his former military compatriots, Thomas the Slav, proclaimed himself emperor in Anatolia and besieged Constantinople. With the aid of the Bulgarians he was able to defeat Thomas and lift the siege. He was not able to prevent the Arabs from taking Crete in 824 and landing in Sicily in 826. However his reform of the government and military enabled the rise of the Byzantine Renaissance in the years to come.

Mint of Constantinople With Theophilus

3467

3467

Solidus 821/829. Obv. MIXAHL bASILS Crowned, facing bust in chlamys, cross potent in r. hand, akakia in l. hand. Rev. OFI LO eSP/+X Crowned, facing bust of Theophilus in loros; globe cruciger in r. hand, cruciform sceptre in l. hand. DOC 5b. S. 1640. 4,42 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 884.

2500.-

Mint of Syracuse

3468 3468 Solidus 821. Obv. MI XAHL (--) Crowned bust facing in loros. Cross potent in r. hand. Rev. MIX AHL BAS Crowned bust facing in chlamys. Globe cruciger in r. hand. A dot on either side of the cross. DOC 12. S. 1643. 3,85 g. Only two specimens known. Lustrous extremely fine.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1999. Lot 1327.

10000.-

209

MICHAEL II THE AMORIAN

With Theophilus

3469

3469

Solidus 821/829. Obv. MI XAHLb Crowned bust in loros facing, in r. hand cross potent. Rev. O FILOS Letter F in legend is inverted. Crowned bust in chlamys facing, in r. hand globe cruciger. DOC 14b2. S. 1645. 3,81 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 107 Chicago. March 1999. Lot 71.

1000.-

3470 3470 Solidus 821/829. Obv. MI XAHLb Crowned bust in chlamys facing, in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. - OFIL Letter F in legend is inverted. Crowned bust in loros facing, in r. hand cross potent. DOC 15c. S. 1646. 3,87 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Argenor Numismatique Paris, April 1999. Lot 182.

500.-

Fractions

3471 3471 Semissis 821/829. Obv. MI XAHL (b) Crowned, facing bust in chlamys, globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. - OFILO/ Letter F in legend is inverted. Crowned bust of Theophilus in chlamys facing, holding cross potent in r. hand. DOC 16.2. S. 1647. 1,70 g. Uncirculated.
Ex UBS AG direct purchase 2002. Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 19, 2002. Lot 304.

500.-

210

MICHAEL II THE AMORIAN

3472

3472

Tremissis 821/829. Obv. MI XAHL b Crowned bust of Michael II in chlamys facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. - OFILO Crowned bust of Theophilus in chlamys facing, holding cross potent in r. hand. DOC 19 var. S. 1649. 1,34 g. Shaved. Extremely fine.
Ex Russo, Sao Paulo. 1989.

150.-

3473

3473

Tremissis 821/829. Obv. MIX (AH)L bA Crowned bust of Michael II in chlamys facing; holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. - OFILI bA Crowned bust of Theophilus in chlamys facing, holding cross potent in r. hand. Cross in field r. DOC 18. S. 1650. 1,31 g. Supposedly 2nd recorded specimen. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 113 Chicago. March 14, 2000. Lot 69.

1000.-

211

THEOPHILUS

THEOPHILUS, 829-842.
Theophilus was a cultured and educated man and strongly supported iconoclasm. However, aside from the Emperor and his retinue, there were hardly any supporters left for this movement. In the East he was confronted with Arab advance and as well in the West where the Arabs had taken Palermo in 831. In 841 a joint Venetian/Byzantine effort to drive the Arabs out of Crotone failed. In Phrygia, Amorium, the home town of his dynasty was taken by the Arabs in 838. Upon his death the frontiers were left shaken but the state was surprisingly financially sound.

Mint of Constantinople

3474

3474

Solidus 829/831. Obv. OFI LOS bASIL Crowned bust with short beard, in loros, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand cruciform sceptre. Rev. CVRI bOHH TO SO eOVOLO Patriarchal cross on base and two steps. DOC 1b. S. 1655. 4,44 g. A few marks. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 886.

3000.-

3475

3475

Solidus 831/840. Obv. OFI LOS bASIL/ Crowned bust with short beard, in loros, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand cruciform sceptre. Rev. +MIXAHL S COSTATI/ Crowned busts of his deceased father Michael II on l. and his deceased son Constantinus facing. Both wearing chlamys. Constantinus is smaller. Cross above. DOC 3d. S. 1653. 4,40 g. Graffiti on rev. About uncirculated.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich. List May 1991. No. 100.

1500.-

212

THEOPHILUS

3476 3476 Solidus 831/840. Obv. OFI LOS bASIL/ Crowned bust with short beard, in loros, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand cruciform sceptre. Rev. +MIXAHL S COSTATI/ Crowned busts of his deceased father Michael II on l. and his deceased son Constantinus facing. Both wearing chlamys. Constantinus is smaller. Cross above. DOC 3d. S. 1653. 4,39 g. Good extremely fine.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich. List December 1989. No. 74.

1500.-

Mint of Syracuse

3477

3477

Solidus 829/830. Obv. OFI LOS bASIL Crowned bust with short beard, in chlamys, facing. In r. hand cross potent. Rev. OFI LOS bASIL Crowned bust with short beard, in loros, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. DOC 18.2. S. 1671. 3,82 g. Very rare. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. October 28, 1998. Lot 377.

1000.-

3478

3478

Solidus 831/842. Obv. OFI LOS Crowned bust with short beard, in chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. OFI LOS Crowned bust with short beard, in loros, facing. In r. hand cross potent. DOC 24. S. 1670. 3,83 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 89 Munich. May 5, 1998. Lot 560. Fs in the legends inverted.

500.-

213

THEOPHILUS

3479

3479

Solidus 831/842. Obv. O - FILOS Crowned bust in chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe without cross. Rev. - OFILOS Crowned bust with short beard, in loros, facing. In r. hand cross potent. DOC -. S. 1671 var. 3,07 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica I. Zurich. May 19, 1999. Lot 2433. Wroth, BMC Byzantine 33 with 8 pointed star at beginning of legend and no cross on globe. Perhaps this is a contemporary imitation. That would explain the obvious low gold content and weight as well as the missing cross on the globe (cruciger).

500.-

Fractions

3480 3480 Semissis 829/830. Obv. O - CILOS bA Crowned bust in chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. O - CILOS bA Crowned bust in loros, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. DOC 19.3. S. 1676. 1,74 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 109 Chicago. July 1999. Lot 97.

600.-

3481 3481 Semissis 829/830. Obv. O - FILOS bA Crowned bust in chlamys, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. O - fILOS bA Crowned bust in loros, facing. In r. hand globe cruciger. DOC 19. 1 S. 1676. 1,90 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 18, 2002. Lot 305. Fs in legend inverted.

500.-

214

THEOPHILUS

3482

3482

Semissis 831/842. Obv. O (CI)OS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. O CIOS Crowned bust in loros facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 26c. S. 1674. 1,77 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Hess-Divo 317 Zurich. October 27, 2010. Lot 1024.

300.-

3483

3483

Semissis 831/842. Obv. O CIOS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. O CIOS Crowned bust in loros facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 26c. S. 1674. 1,82 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction UBS AG 63 Zurich. September 6, 2005. Lot 513. The Fs in the legends may be either an inverted F or a square formed C. Due to the tight flan it is not distinguishable.

500.-

3484

3484

Semissis 831/842. Obv. O CILOS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. O CILOS Crowned bust in loros facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 26b. S. 1673. 1,73 g. Planchet faults on edge. Uncirculated.
Ex Russo Sao Paulo 1985 direct purchase.

200.-

215

THEOPHILUS

3485

3485

Semissis 831/842. Obv. O CILOS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. O CILOS Crowned bust in loros facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 26b. S. 1673. 1,80 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 89 Osnabrck. March 8, 2004. Lot 2897.

500.-

3486

3486

Semissis 831/842. Obv. O CIOS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. O CIOS Crowned bust in loros facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 26c. S. 1673 var. 1,73 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 89 Osnabrck. March 8, 2004. Lot 2898.

500.-

3487

3487

Tremissis 829/830. Obv. OFILOS bA Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. O FILOS bA Crowned bust in loros facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 20. S. 1679. 1,26 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 136 Osnabrck. March 10, 2008. Lot 1510.

400.-

216

THEOPHILUS

3488 3488 Tremissis 829/830. Obv. O FILOS (bA) Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. O- FILOS bA Crowned bust in loros facing, holding cross potent. DOC 20. S. 1678 var. 1,24 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 892.

400.-

3489 3489 Tremissis 831/842. Obv. O CILOS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. O CILOS Crowned bust in loros facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC -. S. -. 1,68 g. Perhaps unedited. Extremely fine.
Ex Russo Sao Paulo 1986. The edited tremissis in DOC and Sear all have the bust on the reverse holding a cross potent.

400.-

3490 3490 Tremissis 831/842. Obv. O CILOS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. - OCILOS Crowned bust in loros facing, holding cross potent. DOC 27b. S. 1678. 1,22 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Russo Sao Paulo 1986.

300.-

3491 3491 Tremissis 831/842. Obv. O FILOS Crowned bust in chlamys facing, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. - FILOS Crowned bust in loros facing, holding cross potent. DOC 27a.4. S. 1678. 1,29 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 891. Fs in legends inverted.

500.-

217

THEOPHILUS

Mint of Naples

3492

3492

Pale gold solidus 829/831. Obv. OFI - LOS bASIL Crowned bust facing, wearing loros. In r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand cruciform sceptre. Rev. CVRI bOHH TO SO eOVLO Patriarchal cross on base and two steps. DOC 31c2. S. 1684. 4,28 g. Rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction Leu Numismatik 91 Zurich. May 10, 2004. Lot 888.

2500.-

With Michael II and Constantinus

3493

3493

Pale gold solidus 831/842. Obv. OFI LOS buIL Crowned bust in chlamys facing, in r. hand globe cruciger. Rev. IXHL u C Ou BuILE Crowned bust of either Michael II or Constantinus in chlamys facing; in r. hand cross potent DOC 33a. S. 1683. 4,19 g. Very rare. Test mark on edge. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Meister & Sonntag Stuttgart. 2004. Lot 1210.

5000.-

218

MICHAEL III THE DRUNKARD

MICHAEL III THE DRUNKARD, 842-867


Michael became emperor at the age of 3 and the regency was assumed by his mother Theodora and her favourite, Theoctistus. The strife concerning iconoclasm ceased with the death of Theophilus and the Empire could now concentrate on more dire problems and formulate a more aggressive foreign policy. Michael came under the influence of his uncle Bardas and in 856 sent his mother to a cloister and the next year assumed independent rule. In 861 Michael and Bardas defeated the Bulgarians and converted the ruler Boris to Christendom. In 863 Bardas celebrated a glorious victory over the Arab Emir of Melitene. The church was active in missionary work in Russia and Eastern Europe. This led to friction with the Catholic Church of Rome which was also active in that area. Only in Sicily and Italy the Arab advance could not be stopped. Some trouble was also had from the Rus Khaganate centred in Kiev and Cretan pirates. Michael himself did very little active work in these affairs, leaving them to his councillors. Among his favourites was a former groom named Basil, who was so ambitious as to have Bardas killed and persuade Michael to make him coruler. Very predictably Basil then killed Michael and made himself emperor. One thing must be said for Byzantine society, class barriers did not prevent anyone from becoming emperor.

Mint of Constantinople Under the Regency of his mother Theodora

3494 3494 Solidus 842/843. Obv. + ODO RA dSPVA Crowned bust of Theodora in loros facing; in r. hand globe with patriarchal cross, in l. hand cruciform sceptre. Rev. MIXAHL S CLA Crowned busts of Michael III on l. and his sister Thecla on r. Michael is wearing chlamys and holding globe cruciger in r. hand. Thecla is wearing loros and holding long patriarchal cross in r. hand. DOC 1a. S. 1686. 4,45 g. Very rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 868. Ex Auction Hess-Leu 45, Lucerne, May 12,1970. Lot 709.

10000.-

219

MICHAEL III THE DRUNKARD

3495

3495

Solidus 843/856. Obv. IhS X - RISTOS Bust of Christ with long hair and beard facing. Behind his head cross. He wears pallium and colobium, raises r. hand in benediction and holds book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. +MIXAHL S O dORA Crowned facing bust of Michael III in chlamys on l. and his mother Theodora in loros on r. Small cross above. DOC 2. S. 1687. 4,40 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 29, 1998. Lot 600.

4000.-

Sole Reign

3496

3496

Solidus 856/867. Obv. IhSS X - RISTOS Bearded bust of Christ, wearing pallium and colobium, facing, in front of cross. He raises his r. hand in benediction and holds the Book of Gospels in his l. hand. Rev. MIXAHL bASIL Crowned bust in loros facing, labarum with cross in r. hand; akakia in his left. Cross in l. field. DOC 3. S. 1688. 4,40 g. Very rare. Very attractive specimen with a few slight marks. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction LHS Numismatik Zurich. April 23, 2007. Lot 573.

10000.-

220

MICHAEL III THE DRUNKARD

Mint of Syracuse Fractions

3497

3497

Semissis 842/866. Obv. I XAIIL Facing, crowned bust in chlamys, holding globe with patriarchal cross in r. hand. Rev. I XAII Facing, crowned bust in loros, holding globe with patriarchal cross in r. hand. DOC 9. S. 1694. 1,77 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 108 Chicago. May 12, 1999. Lot 36.

750.-

With Basil I

3498

3498

Debased gold semissis 866/867. Obv. I XAHX Facing, crowned bust in loros, holding globe with globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. bA CIIOC Facing, crowned bust of Basil I, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 11 var. S. 1696. 1,77 g. Extremely fine.
Ex UBS AG direct purchase 2002.

500.-

221

BASIL I THE MACEDONIAN

BASIL I THE MACEDONIAN, 867-886


Although the means by which Basil became emperor were most distasteful, it turned out that he was a gifted ruler and the founder of a dynasty that restored the Eastern Roman Empire to much of its former glory. He was a groom with a relative of the Caesar Bardas and caught the emperors attention as the winner of a wrestling match. Michael made him his personal companion and body guard. He married one of Michaels mistresses and the child of their union, Leo VI is considered to be the child of Michael. His influence went so far that he killed Bardas and soon afterwards Michael was also the victim. He was instrumental in reinstituting and embellishing Justinians code of law. A work of 60 volumes. At first he had good relations with the church in Rome but these were broken over a dispute over the Bulgarian Church coming under the jurisdiction of Constantinople. Cyprus was reconquered and held for 7 years. Syracuse was lost, but the Arabs were driven from southern Italy. The Eastern Empire was the strongest force on the Mediterranean and the reconquest was just beginning. He died in a hunting accident in 886 and was followed by his son Leo VI.

Mint of Constantinople With Constantinus

3499

3499

Solidus 868/879. Obv. +IhS XPS RX - RGNANTIM Figure of Christ throning front with cross nimbus, pallium and colobium. He raises his r. hand in benediction and holds the book of Gospels in his l. hand. Rev. bASILIOS T COSTAT A b Crowned bust of Basil I in loros on l. in loros facing and crowned bust of Constantinus in chlamys on r. facing. Together they hold between them a long patriarchal cross. DOC 2. S. 1704. 4,43 g. Rare. Splendid specimen. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex UBS AG Auction 45 Zurich. September 15, 1998. Lot 1232.

2500.-

Mint of Syracuse With Constantinus Fractions

3500 3500 Debased gold semissis 868/879. Obv. bAS - IIOe Crowned bust facing in loros. Globe cruciger in r. hand. Rev. CON STANTI Crowned bust facing in chlamys. Globe cruciger in r. hand. DOC 14b. S. 1715. 1,55 g. Extremely fine.
Ex UBS AG direct purchase 2002.

500.-

222

LEO VI THE WISE

LEO VI THE WISE, 886-912


Leo was more interested in scholarly work than statesmanship or warfare. He completed Basils great work of law which became the standard for the Medieval Byzantine Empire. Under his reign the last foothold on Sicily, Taormina, was lost to the Arabs. His relations with the Bulgarians turned into a war that led to his defeat in 894 and then to a victory in 895. In the East he destroyed the army of the Emirate of Tarsus and created new eastern provinces. In his fourth marriage he produced a son as heir. He was succeeded by his brother Alexander, as Constantinus VII was then considered illegitimate, being the son from a fourth marriage.

Mint of Constantinople

3501

3501

Solidus 886/908. Obv. + ARIA + Facing bust of the Virgin, wearing pallium and maphorium. Her hands raised in prayer. MHR on l. and on r. Rev. LO X bASILS RO Crowned bust with long beard facing, wearing jewelled chlamys. In his r. hand globe with patriarchal DOC cross. DOC 1a. S. 1723. 4,31 g. Extremely rare. Attractive and clear specimen with some minor lines and marks. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 876. Ex Auction Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 268 Frankfurt a. M. April 24, 1968. Lot 392.

15000.-

With Constantinus VII

3502

3502

Solidus 908/912. Obv. +IhS XPS RX RNANTI Christ enthroned on lyre-backed throne facing, wearing cross nimbus, pallium and colobium; r. hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. LO T COSTAT A RO Leo on l. and Constantinus on r. standing facing. Both are crowned and wearing loros and divitision. Leo holds globe cruciger in r. hand, Constantinus in l. hand. Together they hold a long patriarchal cross on small globe between them. DOC 2. S. 1725. 4,39 g. Rare. Attractive specimen. Almost uncirculated-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 877. Ex Auction Hess-Leu 36 Lucerne. April 17, 1969. Lot 624.

7000.-

223

ALEXANDER

ALEXANDER, 912-913
Alexander was not considered fit to be emperor. As co-emperor he had no part of affairs of state but was a pleasure loving wastrel. Upon his brothers death the only decisive action he performed was to deny the Bulgarians their annual tribute payment. This led to war for the next 15 years. He died of exhaustion playing tzykanion, a form of polo.

Mint of Constantinople

3503

3503

Solidus 912/913. Obv. +IhS XPS RX RATI Christ, with cross nimbus, throning facing and wearing pallium and colobium. His r. hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. +ALXAd ROS ASTOS Ro Crowned figure of Alexander standing facing, wearing divitision and loros, in r. hand globe cruciger; his l. hand is extended to St. Alexander on r. who stands facing to l., wearing pallium and colobium. He crowns the emperor with his r. hand and holds cross in l. hand. DOC 2. S. 1737. 4,36 g. Extremely rare. Good very fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 878. Ex Auction Bank Leu 10 Zurich. May 29 1974. Lot 482.

30000.-

224

CONSTANTINUS VII AND ROMANUS I LECAPENUS

CONSTANTINUS VII, 913-959 AND ROMANUS I LECAPENUS, 920-944


Nominally, Constantinus reigned for 46 years. Having not yet reached adulthood at Alexanders death, he was under the regency of Patriarch Nicholas Mysticus. Nicholas was cowed by Simeon of Bulgaria who appeared before Constantinople with a large army and recognized him as Emperor of Bulgaria. This led to the deposition of Nicholas and Zoe, Constantinus mother became regent. Upon this Simeon attacked and destroyed Byzantine territory. Finally Romanus Lecapenus, admiral of the fleet became his regent and married him to his daughter, Helena. He became coemperor in 920 and in the next years made his three sons co-emperors. In 927 Simeon of Bulgaria died and the pressure on the Empire from the Northwest ceased. Romanus had some major success in the East extending the empire to Mesopotamia. Surprisingly in 944 he was deposed by his sons Stephen and Constantinus who wanted to become emperors. However, Constantinus VII pre-empted them and with the citizenry of Constantinople sent them into the exile they had arranged for their father. Constantinus VII finally became sole ruler after 40 years. He made his son Romanus II co-emperor in 945. There has been some controversy over which Romanus is shown on the coins with Constantinus VII. Constantinus VII wrote a book on the ceremony at the Byzantine court which is invaluable for students of that period. He also wrote books for his son on the art of statecraft. Apparently he painted, collected books and works of art; perhaps coins? He died in 959. It was rumoured that he was poisoned by his son.

Mint of Constantinople

Constantinus VII and Romanus I

3504

3504

Solidus 920/921. Obv. +IhS XPS RX - RATI Christ, with cross nimbus, throning facing and wearing pallium and colobium. His r. hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. COSTAT/ C ROMA/ AV/ b/ Crowned facing busts of Constantinus VII, beardless, on l. and Romanus I, with short beard, on r. Both wear loros and together hold long patriarchal cross on small globe. DOC 3. S. 1741. 4,40 g. Very rare. Sharp and attractive specimen. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Bank Leu 77 Zurich. May 12, 2000. Lot 879. Ex Auction Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 268 Frankfurt a. M. April 24, 1968. Lot 393.

4000.-

225

CONSTANTINUS VII AND ROMANUS I LECAPENUS

Romanus I and Constantinus VII

3505

3505

Solidus 921. Obv. +IhS XPS RX - RATI Christ, with cross nimbus, throning facing and wearing pallium and colobium. His r. hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. Crowned facing busts of Romanus I, with short beard, on l. and Constantinus VII, beardless, on r. Romanus wears loros, Constantinus wears chlamys. Together they hold long patriarchal cross. DOC 4. S. 1746. 4,48 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 29 Zurich. May 11, 2005. Lot 716.

2000.-

Romanus I with Constantinus VII and Christopher

3506

3506

Solidus 921. Probably minted in honour of his coronation. Obv. +XbOH RO An& dCPOTH Romanus standing facing on l., wearing crown and loros, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. Christ standing facing, wearing pallium and colobium and crowning Romanus with his r. hand. In l. hand book of Gospels. Rev. COnSTANT T XPISTOFbR Waist length figures of Constantinus VII on l. wearing loros and Christopher on r. wearing chlamys, both crowned and jointly holding long patriarchal cross on small globe. DOC 6. S. 1743. 4,38 g. Extremely rare. Very fine-extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 164 Munich. March 17, 2008. Lot 485.

10000.-

226

CONSTANTINUS VII AND ROMANUS I LECAPENUS

Romanus I with Christopher and Constantinus VII

3507

3507

Solidus 921. Probably minted in honour of his coronation. Obv. +XbOH RO A& dCPOTH Romanus standing facing on l., wearing crown and loros, holding globe cruciger in r. hand. On r. Christ standing facing, wearing pallium and colobium and crowning Romanus with his r. hand. In l. hand book of Gospels. Rev. XPISTOF, T COST/A/b Waist length figures of Christopher on l. wearing loros and Constantinus VII, smaller, on r. wearing chlamys, both crowned and jointly holding long patriarchal cross. DOC 5. S. 1744. 4,35 g. Extremely rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 56 Zurich. October 8, 2010. Lot 714. Ex Auction Goldberg. May 26, 2009. Lot 2265. Ex Auction Triton IV New York. 2000. Lot 830.

10000.-

Romanus I with Christopher

3508

3508

Solidus 921/931. Obv. +IhS XPS RX - RATI Christ, with cross nimbus, throning facing and wearing pallium and colobium. His r. hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. RoA T XPISTOFO A b/ Crowned facing busts of Romanus I on l., bearded and wearing loros, and Christopher, beardless and wearing chlamys on r. Together they hold long patriarchal cross on small globe. DOC 7. S. 1745. 4,33 g. Almost uncirculated.
Ex Harlan Berk, Chicago.

1000.-

227

CONSTANTINUS VII AND ROMANUS I LECAPENUS

3509

3509

Solidus 921/931. Obv. +IhS XPS RX - RNANTIM Nimbate figure of Christ seated facing on high backed throne. He is wearing pallium and colobium; r. hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels in left. Rev. RO T XPISTOFO I Crowned busts of Romanus on l. in loros and Christopher on r. in chlamys facing. They hold together a long patriarchal cross. DOC 7. S. 1745. 4,29 g. Unusual style. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatik Lanz 132 Munich. November 2006. Lot 601.

1000.-

Romanus I with Constantinus VII and Christopher

3510

3510

Solidus c. 930. Obv. +IhS XPS RX R - NANTIM Nimbate figure of Christ seated facing on high backed throne. He is wearing pallium and colobium; r. hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels in left. Rev. ROA CoST T XPISTOF b R Crowned figure of Romanus I standing facing between crowned half-length figures of Constantinus VII on l. and Christopher on r. Romanus wears loros and holds labarum sceptre in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. Christopher and Constantinus each wear jewelled chlamys. DOC 8. S. 1742. 4,45 g. Extremely rare. Very fine.
Ex Auction Mnzen & Medaillen AG. The New York Sale II. December 2, 1999. Lot 396.

15000.-

228

CONSTANTINUS VII AND ROMANUS I LECAPENUS

Constantinus VII Sole Reign

3511

3511

Solidus 27 January 6 April 945. Obv. +IhS XPS RX R - NANTIMC Facing bust of Christ, wearing cross nimbus, pallium and colobium. His r. hand raised in benediction, book of Gospels in his l. hand. Rev. +COSTA T AVTCRAT b' R' Crowned bust with long beard facing, wearing loros and holding globe with patriarchal cross in r. hand. DOC 13b. S. 1747. 4,36 g. Extremely rare and of fine style. Very fine-extremely fine.
Ex Harlan Berk Chicago, July 2000. Ex Auction Bank Leu 45 Zurich. May 26, 1988. Lot 423.

12000.-

Constantinus VII with Romanus II

3512

3512

Solidus 945/959. Obv. +IhS XPS RX RNANTIM Nimbate figure of Christ seated facing on high backed throne with curved arms decorated with pearls. He is wearing pallium and colobium; r. hand raised in benediction, Book of Gospels in left. Rev. +COSTATIOS C ROMA XW b R Standing figure of Constantinus VII on r. in loros and Romanus II on l. in chlamys. Both are crowned and holding globe cruciger, as well as a long patriarchal cross in the middle. DOC 10 (Constantine VII and Romanus I). S. 1749. 4,52 g. Rare. Extremely fine-very fine.
Ex Auction Dr. Busso Peus Nachf. 401 Frankfurt a. M. November 3, 2010. Lot 749. There as Constantinus VII and Romanus I. Sear prefers Cecile Morrisons view that the Romanus depicted on this issue is Romanus II.

4000.-

229

CONSTANTINUS VII AND ROMANUS I LECAPENUS

3513 3513 Solidus 945/959. Obv. +IhS XPS RX RNANTIM\ Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. COSTAT C ROMA A( b) Crowned busts of Constantinus VII in loros on l. and Romanus II in chlamys on r., together holding a patriarchal cross on globe. DOC 15. S. 1751. 4,39 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. February 29, 2000. Lot 477.

2000.-

3514 3514 Solidus 945/959. Obv. +IhS XPS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. COSTA(T C) ROMA A b Crowned busts of Constantinus VII in loros on l. and Romanus II in chlamys on r., together holding a patriarchal cross on globe. DOC 15. S. 1751. 4,42 g. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk Chicago. November 1998. Lot 70.

2000.-

3515 3515 Solidus 945/959. Obv. +IhS XPS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. COSTAT C ROMA A b Crowned busts of Constantinus VII in loros on l. and Romanus II in chlamys on r., together holding a patriarchal cross on globe. DOC 15. S. 1751. 4,45 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Heidelberger Mnzhandlung 46 Heidelberg. Lot 325. This coin was totally misdescribed in the Heidelberg sale as a solidus of Nikephorus II (S. 1776). A quite rare coin. It is notable that collectors as well as dealers do not read the legends on Byzantine coins.

600.-

230

NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS

NICEPHORUS II PHOCAS, 963-969


A brilliant military commander, Nicephorus conquered the Emirate of Crete in 961, drove into Cilicia and Syria, capturing the city of Aleppo and a booty of 390000 dirhems. With the help of his nephew, John Tzimisces, the empress Theophano and the Patriarch of Constantinople, he was proclaimed emperor along with the young sons of Romanus II and marched into the capital. He then married the widowed Empress Theophano. He reclaimed the island of Cyprus, took Mesopotamia and Syria, including Antiochia that had been lost for 300 years. Not so successful in the West he could not get a foothold in Sicily and even had some battles with Emperor Otto I over land in southern Italy. He wrote military treatises, helped found the monastery on Mt. Athos, curtailed expenses at court, debased the currency (tetarteron) and made himself less popular through his ascetism. He was murdered by his nephew John Tzimisces and the Empress Theodora in December 969.

Mint of Constantinople

3516

3516

Solidus 963/969. Obv. +IhS XPS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. +OTOC b H ICHF, dSP Facing busts of the nimbate Virgin on l. and the crowned Nicephorus II on r. The Virgin wears stola and maphorium, Nicephorus loros. Together they hold long patriarchal cross on small globe. M to the sides of the Virgin. DOC 4. S. 1778. 4,41 g. Tiny edge nick. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction UBS AG 47 Zurich. September 14, 1999. Lot 328.

500.-

With Basil II

3517

3517

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 963/969. Obv. Obv. +IhS XPS RX RNANTIIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. NIKHOP KAI RACI' AV, RP' Crowned busts of Nicephorus on l. in loros and Basil II on r. in chlamys, facing, together holding a patriarchal cross. DOC 2. S. 1777. 4,40 g. Rare. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 135 Munich. May 21, 2007. Lot 997.

1500.-

231

JOHN I TZIMISCES

JOHN I TZIMISCES, 969-976


Already a famous general, John helped his uncle Nikephorus II gain the imperial throne. Being badly rewarded for his help, he colluded with the Empress Theophano, and killed Nikephorus. He immediately set to destroy the foreign invaders at the empires borders. In 970-971 he battled the Kievan Rus up to the Danube and defeated them wholly, leaving him in possession of Bulgaria and the Dobruja (Romanian coast). Bulgaria was incorporated as a province of the empire. In 972 he drove east into Palestine, taking many cities but stopping before Jerusalem. He died at the height of his power in 976, probably of typhus.

Mint of Constantinople

3518

3518

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 969/976. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. +OTOC bOH IW DES The facing busts of John on l. and the nimbate Virgin on r. John is wearing loros and holds a patriarchal cross on globe in l. hand. The Virgin in stola and maphorium is crowning the emperor with her r. hand. Above her head M. Manus Dei above John's head. DOC 3. S. 1785. 4,45 g. Exceptional quality. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 115 Chicago. July 2000. Lot 131 (there erroneously classified as DOC 2).

2500.-

3519

3519

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 969/976. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. +OTOC bOH IW DESP The facing busts of John on l. and the nimbate Virgin on r. John is wearing loros and holds a patriarchal cross on globe in l. hand. The Virgin in stola and maphorium is crowning the emperor with her r. hand. Above her head M. Manus Dei above John's head. DOC 3 var. S. 1785. 4,40 g. A superb coin. Virtually as struck. With slight gold toning enhancing the relief. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Triton III New York. December 1999. Lot 1333.

5000.-

232

BASIL II BULGAROKTONOS

BASIL II BULGAROKTONOS, 976-1025


Basil II was the son of Romanus II and Theophano. When John I died he took the throne as senior emperor and was immediately faced by two rebellions, both of which he suppressed in 979 and 989. In 989 he married his sister Anna to Prince Vladimir of Kiev, thus beginning the centuries long relationship of the Eastern Empire with what was to be Russia; Moscow becoming the third Rome after the fall of Constantinople. In the East he once again penetrated into the Caliphate, taking Syria and much of Palestine. In the Northwest he ultimately crushed the remaining Bulgarian forces, thus taking his byname Bulgar-Slayer. He took areas of the Crimea, Armenia and restored much of Byzantine territory in southern Italy. At the time of his death he was planning to retake Sicily from the Arabs. He was loved by the Army, spending more time in the field than in Constantinople. He cared for the children of fallen officers, giving them food, shelter, education and so ensuring their loyalty. Small farmers were also under his protection and he was no friend of the great landowners. He was not only a soldier but a very good and prudent manager. Upon his death the empire was untroubled by war or invasion and he had amassed a fortune of 14400000 nomismata for the empires treasury.

With Constantinus VIII

Mint of Constantinople

3520 3520 Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 977/989. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. No pellets in nimbus. Rev. +bSIL C COSTTI b R Crowned facing busts of Basil II in loros on l. and Constantinus VII in chlamys on r., together holding a patriarchal cross with globule on shaft. DOC 3. S. 1797 4,41 g. Extremely fine.
Ex private purchase.

1000.-

3521 3521 Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 989/1001. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RINANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. No pellets in nimbus. Rev. +bSIL C COSTTI b RM Crowned facing busts of Basil II in loros on l. and Constantinus VII in chlamys on r., together holding a patriarchal cross crosslet. DOC 3b. S. 1797. 4,40 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 135 Munich. Lot 999.

3500.-

233

BASIL II BULGAROKTONOS

3522

3522

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 989/100. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Two pellets in each cross arm of nimbus. Rev. +bSIL C COSTT Ib RM Crowned facing busts of Basil II in loros on l. and Constantinus VII in chlamys on r., together holding a patriarchal cross crosslet. DOC 3a. S. 1797. 4,33 g. Very fine.
Ex Auction F. R. Knker 315 Osnabrck. October 28, 2009. Lot 312.

400.-

3523

3523

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 1005/1025. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. +bSIL C COSTT Ib R Crowned facing busts of Basil II in loros on l. and Constantinus VII in chlamys on r., together holding a long cross. DOC 6. S. 1800. 4,42 g. Attractive specimen, well centred and struck. About uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk Chicago. May 1, 1983. Lot 32.

1000.-

234

BASIL II BULGAROKTONOS

3524

3524

Tetarteron nomisma 1005/1025. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Two pellets in each cross arm of nimbus. Rev. +bSIL C COSTT Ib R Crowned facing busts of Basil II in loros on l. and Constantinus VII in V-shaped overgarment on r., together holding a patriarchal cross with X on shaft. DOC 15b. S. 1806. 4,20 g. Almost extremely fine.
Ex Auction Nomisma 39 San Marino. October 10, 2009. Lot 1841. Nomisma classified this coin as Sear 1805 Extremely rare ! It is, in fact, Sear 1806 not so rare. Apparently some cataloguers do not look at the coins they describe.

750.-

3525

3525

Tetarteron nomisma 1005/1025. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Two pellets in each cross arm of nimbus. Rev. +bSIL C COSTT Ib R Crowned facing busts of Basil II in loros on l. and Constantinus VII in V-shaped overgarment on r., together holding a patriarchal cross with X on shaft. DOC 15b. S. 1806. 4,41 g, About uncirculated.
Ex private purchase.

1000.-

235

CONSTANTINUS VIII / ROMANUS III ARGYRUS

CONSTANTINUS VIII, 1025-1028


Although co-emperor with his brother, Basil II, Constantinus VII took no part in governmental affairs. Having become emperor at age 65 and crippled by gout, he left affairs to his advisors. Regretfully, he was persuaded to recall laws concerning the small landowners in favour of the nobility.

Mint of Constantinople

3526

3526

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 1025/1028. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. C& ATI bASILS ROM Crowned bust with long beard in loros facing; holding labarum in r. hand and akakia in l. hand. DOC 1. S. 1815. 4,41 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 46 Chicago. December 16, 1986. Lot 215.

600.-

ROMANUS III ARGYRUS, 1028-1034


Constantinus VIII had arranged that upon his death, his daughter Zoe would marry Romanus, an aristocrat related to Emperor Romanus I. He proved just as ineffective as Constantinus VIII and only able generals managed to keep the empires borders intact. He was probably killed by order of his wife.

Mint of Constantinople

3527

3527

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 1028/1034. Obv. +IhS XIS RX - RNANTIM Christ enthroned facing, wearing cross nimbus , pallium and colobium. He raises r. hand in benediction and holds book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. C bOH - R&MA& Romanus on l., wearing saccos and loros, holding globe cruciger in l. hand is being crowned by the Virgin on r., nimbate, wearing pallium and maphorium. M at top. DOC 1b. S. 1819. 4,45 g. Splendid specimen. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 46 Chicago. December 16, 1986. Lot 216.

600.-

236

MICHAEL IV THE PAPHLAGONIAN

MICHAEL IV THE PAPHLAGONIAN, 1034-1041


Michael IV was the younger brother of an important court official, John the Eunuch. The Empress Zoe became enamoured of him and made him her chamberlain. Originally he had been a money changer, and some say a coin forger. Undoubtedly he conspired with Zoe to kill Romanus III. On the day of his death she married him. The next day, he was crowned emperor by the Patriarch Alexios against a payment of 50 pounds of gold. He proved to be an able and astute emperor. However, he suffered from a severe form of epilepsy and much of governmental affairs were left in the hands of his brother, John the Eunuch. He was faced with almost incessant internal revolts, many due to the greed and taxation that John invoked on the populace. In military affairs he was able to defeat the Bulgarians who had staged an uprising. In the West his most able General George Maniakes reconquered almost all of Sicily and had taken Syracuse in 1040. By sheer stupidity and listening to court intrigues, he recalled Maniakes and all that had been gained was lost by 1041. He died of his sickness in the same year.

Mint of Constantinople

3528

3528

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 1034/1041. Obv. +IhS XIS RX - RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. Rev. +IX AH L bASILS R Crowned bust with pendilia facing, wearing loros and holding labarum in r. hand and globe cruciger in l. hand. Manus dei above on l. DOC 1. S. 1824. 4,42 g. Extremely fine.
Ex private purchase 1999.

1000.-

237

CONSTANTINUS IX

CONSTANTINUS IX, 1042-1055


Michael V had succeeded his uncle Michael IV as emperor. His first actions were to banish his uncle, John the Eunuch and to imprison the Empress Zoe in a nunnery. This led to the populations demand for an ousting of the emperor and he was deposed, blinded and Zoe and Theodora ruled jointly for 7 weeks. Zoe then chose Constantinus as her third husband. He was interested in learning and the arts and less in statesmanship. In 1046 he had a first encounter with the Seljuk Turks in Armenia which resulted in a truce. Foolishly he then disbanded the Armenian forces at a time when they should have been strengthened. In 1054 the Great Schism between the churches of the West and East was caused when the Patriarch refused to adopt Western church practices. He was excommunicated by a Papal legation and he in turn excommunicated them. This rift was never to heal. In all, Constantinus IX did more damage to the state than many an emperor before him.

Mint of Constantinople

3529

3529

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 1042/1055. Obv. +IhS XIS RX - RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. No pellets in each cross arm of nimbus. Rev. +CWST T bSILES RM Crowned bust facing, wearing jewelled chlamys and holding sceptre in r. hand and globe cruciger in left. DOC 3. S. 1830. 4,38 g. About uncirculated.
Ex Russo Sao Paulo.

300.-

3530

3530

Tetarteron nomisma 1042/1055. Obv. +IhS XIS RX - RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. No pellets in each cross arm of nimbus. Rev. +CWST T bSILES RM Crowned bust facing, wearing jewelled chlamys and holding sceptre in r. hand and globe cruciger in left. DOC 3. S. 1832. 4,06 g. Uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich, 2007, Lot 402. There mistakenly classified as Sear 1830 (histamenon nomisma).

1000.-

238

CONSTANTINUS IX / THEODORA

3531 3531 Tetarteron nomisma 1042/1055. Obv. +IhS XIS RX - RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, raising r. hand in benediction, Book of Gospels in l. hand. No pellets in each cross arm of nimbus. Rev. +CW T bSILE Crowned bust facing, wearing jewelled chlamys and holding labarum in r. hand and globe cruciger in left. DOC 6. S. 1833. 4,04 g. Good extremely fine.
Ex Auction Gorny & Mosch 164 Munich. March 17, 2008. Lot 488. Ex W. J. Conte Coll. Auction Baldwins 2 London. 1994. Lot 149.

1500.-

THEODORA, 1055-1056
Upon Constantinus death, the old empress Theodora ruled for a year and a half. She was the last of the Macedonian dynasty to rule the Empire. Before her death she appointed Michael VI, a most unsuitable candidate for emperor.

Mint of Constantinople

3532

3532

Histamenon nomisma 1055/1056. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Standing figure of Christ facing, wearing cross nimbus, pallium and colobium and holding book of Gospels with both hands. Rev. +O&PA (AVOV)CTA Crowned standing figure of Theodora on l., wearing saccos and loros; nimbate figure of the Virgin on r. clad in pallium and maphorium, both facing and holding together labarum. M (at the Virgin's shoulders. DOC 1. S. 1837. 4,41 g. Extremely fine.
Ex SKA Monetarium Zurich direct purchase.

2500.-

239

THEODORA / MICHAEL VI

3533

3533

Tetarteron nomisma 1055/1056. Obv. Facing bust of Christ with cross nimbus, pallium and colobium. His r. hand is raised in benediction, his l. holds book of Gospels. IC XC to sides. Rev. +O AVCT Crowned facing bust wearing saccos and loros. In her r. hand jewelled sceptre, in l. hand globe cruciger. DOC 2.14 var. S. 1838. 4,05 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Numismatica Ars Classica 11 Zurich. April 29, 1998. Lot 605.

3500.-

MICHAEL VI, 1056-1057


Michael VI succeeded in bringing the entire army into an uproar by offending them in favour of civil servants of the state. A revolt ensued and Isaac Comnenus was proclaimed emperor. Michael VI was such a nonentity that he was not killed or blinded, just put away in a monastery.

Mint of Constantinople

3534

3534

Tetarteron nomisma 1056/1057. Obv. No legend. Facing bust of the Virgin, nimbate, raising both hands. She is wearing pallium and maphorium. Monogram MP on l., V on r. Rev. +MIXAHL ATOCRA Crowned figure standing on footstool, facing, wearing crown, saccos and loros. Long cross in r. hand, akakia in left. DOC 2.2. S. 1841. 4,06 g. Rare. Good very fine.

3500.-

240

ISAAC I COMNENUS

ISAAC I COMNENUS, 1057-1059


Isaac I represented the military aristocracy and attempted to rebuild the Byzantine army. The money needed was taken from the Church and led to conflict with the Patriarch, who was tried for heresy on s false charge. He died before the verdict was read and the populace was so incensed that Isaac was forced to resign and went into exile in a monastery.

Mint of Constantinople

3535

3535

Histamenon nomisma (solidus) 1057/1059. Obv. +IhS XIS RX RNANTIM Throning figure of Christ facing, wearing cross nimbus , pallium and colobium. He raises r. hand in benediction and holds book of Gospels with left. Rev. +ICKIOC RA CIVC P&M Crowned figure of Isaac standing front in military attire; drawn sword in r. hand, l. hand on sheath. DOC 2. S. 1843. 4,43 g. About extremely fine.
Ex Auction Harlan Berk 103 Chicago. July 1988. Lot 37.

2500.-

3536

3536

Tetarteron nomisma 1057/1059. Obv. +IhS XIS RX - RNANTIM Nimbate bust of Christ facing, wearing pallium and colobium, Book of Gospels in front. Rev. +ICKI OC RCIVK PM Crowned figure standing front in complete body armour. Wearing cloak. Crown with pendilia. In upraised r. hand globe cruciger; in l. hand parazonium. DOC 3. S. 1845. 4,08 g. Very rare. Slight encrustation on rev. edge. Extremely fine-uncirculated.
Ex Auction Mnzzentrum Rheinland 152 Solingen. September 2, 2009. Lot 904.

3000.-

241

CONSTANTINUS X / ROMANUS IV DIOGENES

CONSTANTINUS X, 1059-1067
A member of the civil aristocracy, Constantinus X was the wrong person to become emperor at this time. The Empire was attacked on all sides: by the Normans in the West, the Uzes Turks in the Balkans and the Seljuk Turks in the East. Instead of working for the defence of the Empire, he worked in favour of court officials, increasing not the military forces but the bureaucracy and filling the Senate with his friends.

Mint of Constantinople

3537 3537 Tetarteron nomisma 1059/1067. Obv. MP V Facing bust of the Virgin orans. She wears pallium and maphorium. Rev. K&N RACIA O VK Crowned bust in loros facing. In r. hand globe cruciger, in l. hand akakia. DOC 3. S. 1849 3,20 g. Small cabinet piece. Powerful relief. Brilliant uncirculated.
Ex Auction Tkalec Zurich. May 7, 2006. Lot 283.

1500.-

ROMANUS IV DIOGENES, 1068-1071


Romanus IV was an able general, chosen by the Empress Eudocia ah her husband and emperor. His immediate aim was to drive back the Seljuk Turks in the East. In the first years of campaign he met with changing fortune, always hindered by the lacking discipline of his mercenary troops. In the great battle of Manzikert, he was deserted by Andronicus Ducas and his troops. Captured by the Turks, he was treated with great kindness by their leader Alp Arslan and later released. By then conspirators had deposed him in Constantinople and had him blinded upon his return, of which he subsequently died.

Mint of Constantinople

3538 3538 Tetarteron nomisma 1068/1071. Obv. + ROH Bust of the nimbate Virgin facing, wearing pallium and maphorium. On l. MP, on r. V. In front of her, she holds medallion with the picture of the infant Christ. Pellets l. and r. of the infants head. Rev. +PWMA S - V (S?)KRM Crowned busts of Romanus on l. and his wife, Eudocia, on r., facing. Romanus wearing loros, Eudocia a jewelled robe with wide collar. Together they hold a tall cross on globe. DOC 3 var. S. 1862. 4,05 g. Extremely fine.
Ex Tkalec

1200.-

242

MICHAEL VII DUCAS / NUMISMATIC LIBRARY

MICHAEL VII DUCAS, 1071-1078


Not much can be said for this ineffective ruler. Attempts to contain the Seljuk Turks failed and in the end, they had to be taken as allies against the mercenary hordes ravaging Anatolia. In the West, Bari was lost to the Normans, the last Byzantine possession in Italy. He was deposed without resistance and sent to a monastery.

Mint of Constantinople

3539

3539

Tetarteron nomisma 1071/1078. Obv. +KRo HI+ Bust of the nimbate Virgin facing, wearing pallium and maphorium. On l. MP ligate, on r. V. In front of her, she holds medallion with the picture of the infant Christ. Pellets l. and r. of the infant's head. Rev. +MIX A HA S MA RI Crowned bust of Michael in loros on l. and crowned bust of his wife, Maria, on r. She is wearing jewelled robe with broad collar. Together they hold between them a long cross with X and pellet within crescent. DOC 5d. S. 1872. 4,04 g. Rare. Thin flan crack. Extremely fine.
Ex Auction Lanz Numismatik 132 Munich. November 27, 2006. Lot 608.

1000.-

NUMISMATIC-HISTORICAL LIBRARY
ANCIENT NUMISMATICS
3540 Bellinger, Alfred R. / Grierson, Philip. Catalogue of the Byzantine Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. Vols. 1-3 in 5 books. 2nd Impression. Washington 1992. Hardbound. Bernareggi, Ernesto. Moneta Langobardum. Milano 1983. 237 p. with illustrations. Hardbound.
Included: Bernareggi, E. I Tremissi Langobardi e Carolingi del Rispotiglio di Ilanz nei Grigioni. Exerpt. Lugano 1977,

500.-

3541

50.-

3542

Crawford, Michael H. Roman Republican Coinage. 2 Vols. Cambridge 1974. 919 p. 70 pl. Hardcover.
Catalogue volume with markings and notations of the collector. Edges a bit frayed. Otherwise ok.

150.-

243

NUMISMATIC-HISTORICAL LIBRARY

3543

Gardiakos, S. (Editor). The Coinages of Alexander the Great. Vols 1-3. Chicago 1981. Reprint of all major works on the coinage of Alexander at the time.. Includes Carl Mueller, Numismatique dAlexandre le Grand; Newel, Reattributions, Cypriote Alexanders, Dated Coinage of Sidon and Ake, Alexandrine Coinage of Sinope, Tarsos, Myriandros, Tyrus. Dressel, Fund von Abukir. Svoronos, Abukir and more. Hardbound. Gbl, Robert. Antike Numismatik. 2 vols. Munich 1978. 284 p., 283 p. 176 p. Hardbound. Grierson, Philip and Mark Blackburn. Medieval European Coinage. With a Catalogue of the Coins in the Fitzwilliam Museum. Cambridge. 1. The Early Middle Ages (5th-10th centuries). Cambridge 1986. 674 p. 65 pl. Hardbound. Grierson, Philip and Melinda Mays. Catalogue of Late Roman Coins in the Dumbarton Oaks Collection and in the Whittemore Collection. Washington 1992. 346 p. 57 pl. Hardbound. Grose, S. W. Catalogue of the McClean Collection of Greek Coins. Fitzwilliam Museum. Vol. I-III. Chicago 1979. Reprint. Hardbound. Hahn, Wolfgang. Moneta Imperii Byzantini. 3 Vols. Vienna 1973-1981. Hardbound. Head, Barclay. Historia Numorum. A Manual of Greek Numismatics.New York 1983. 966 p. 399 illustrations. Reprint. Hardcover. Hill, Sir George F. Becker the Counterfeiter. Parts 1-2. Chicago 1979. 11 p. 19 pl. Reprint. Hardbound. Kent, J. P. C. Roman Coins. Photographs by Max and Albert Hirmer. New York 1978. 368 p. 1430 illustrations. Hardbound. Kent, J. P. C. Zje Roman Imperial Coinage VIII. The Family of Constantine I, 337-364. C. H. V. Sutherland and R. A. G. Carson, Editors. London 1981. 605 p. 28 pl. Hardbound. Mitchiner, Michael. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian Coinage. Vols. 1-9. London 1975-1976. 3 volumes bound in half-leather. Mommsen, Th. Die nordetruskischen Alphabete auf Inschriften und Mnzen. Mittheilungen der Antiquarischen Gesellschaft in Zrich. 7. Band. Zrich 1853. Softbound. Mommsen, Th. Geschichte des rmischen Mnzwesens. Graz 1956. 900 p. Reprint. Hardcover. Newell, Edward T. The Coinage of the Eastern Seleucid Mints. Numismatic Sudies 1. New York 1978. 307 p. 56 pl. Reprint. Hardbound. Newell, Edward T. The Coinage of the Western Seleucid Mints. Numismatic Studies 4. New York 1977. 449 p. 85 ol. Reprint. Hardbound. Newell, Edward T. The Coinages of Demetrius Poliorcetes. Chicago 1978. 169 p. 18 pl. Reprint. Hardcover. Seltman, Charles T. The Temple Coins of Olympia. New York 1975. 117 p. 12 pl. Reprint. Hardbound. Stevenson, Seth W. A Dictionary of Roman Coins. London 1964. 929 p. with illustrations. Reprint. Hardcover. Sylloge Nummorum Graecorum. The Royal Collection of Coins and Medals. Danish National Museum Volume I Italy. Nre York 1981. 23 pl. with text. Reprint. Hardbound. History

100.40.-

3544 3545

50.50.100.500.20.20.50.50.200.10.20.30.40.20.20.20.20.-

3546 3547 3548 3549 3550 3551 3552 3553 3554 3555 3556 3557 3558 3559 3560 3561

3562 3563

Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 3 (1 & 2) The Seleucid, Parthian and Sasanian Periods. Cambridge 1983. 1488 p. 148 p. Hardbound. (2) Cambridge History of Iran. Vol. 4. from the Arab Invasions to the Saljuqs. Cambridge 1975. 734 p. 29 pl. Hardbound.

20.10.-

244

NUMISMATIC-HISTORICAL LIBRARY

3564 3565 3566 3567 3568 3569 3570 3571 3572 3573

Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. I. The Christian Roman Empire and the Foundation of the Teutonic Kingdoms. 754 p. Cambridge 1924. Hardbound. Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. II. The Rise of the Saracens and the Foundation of the Western Empire. Cambridge 1957. 889 p. Hardbound. Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. III. Germany and the Western Empire. Cambridge 1957. 700 p. Hardbound. Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. IV. Part 1. The Byzantine Empire. Byzantium and its Neighbours. Cambridge 1966. 1168 p. Binding loose. Hardbound. Cambridge Medieval History. Vol. IV. Part 2. The Byzantine Empire. Government, Church and Civilisation. Cambridge 1967. 517 p. 42 ill. Hardbound. Ducellier, Alain. Byzanz. Das Reich und die Stadt. Zrich 1986. 614 p. and many ill. Hardbound. Furger, A. and others. Die Schweiz zur Zeit der Rmer. Zrich 2001. 352 p. 269 ill. Hardbound. Heather, Peter. Der Untergang des Rmischen Weltreiches. Stuttgart 2007. 640 p. 16 ill. Hardbound. Juliis, E. de and D. Loiacono. Taranto. Il Museo Archaeologico. Taranto 1985. 491 p. 560 ill. Hardbound. Szaivert, Wolfgang und Reinhard Wolters. Lhne , Preise, Werte. Quellen zur Rmischen Geldwirtschaft. Darmstadt 2005. 376 p. Hardbound. Lots Byzantine Coins. Byzantium. Grierson, Ph. Byzantine Coins. Sear, David. Byzantine Coins and their Values. 1987 and 1974. Sommer, Andreas. Die Mnzen des Byzantinischen Reiches. (4) Byzantine History. Beck, Hans-Georg. Kaiserin Theodora und Prokop. Der Historiker und sein Opfer. Browning, Robert. Justinian and Theodora. Eickhoff, Ekkehard. Macht und Sendung. Byzantinische Weltpolitik. Graves, Robert. Count Belisarius. Komnene, Anna. Alexias. Meier, Mischa. Anastasios I. Die Entstehung des Byzantinischen Reiches. Runciman, Steven. Die Eroberung von Konstantinopel. (7) Greek World-Coins. Cahn, H. and Leo Mildenberg, Roberto Russo, Hans Voegtli. Griechische Mnzen aus Grossgriechenland und Sizilien. Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig. Casey, P. J. Understanding Ancient Coins. Davis, Norman and Colin M. Kraay. The Hellenistic Kingdoms. Portrait Coins and History. Jones, John Melville. A Dictionary of Ancient Greek Coins. Narain. A. K. The Coin Types of the Indo-Greek Kings. Newell, Edward T. Royak Greek Portrait Coins. Plant, Richard. Greek Coin Types and their Identification. Sear, David. Greek Coins and their Values. Vol. 1 and 2. Sear, David. Greek Imperial Coins and their Values. Seltman, Charles. Masterpieces of Greek Coinage. Starr, Chester. Athenian Coinage. Reprint. Ward, John. Greek Coin Types and their Parent Cities. (13) Greek World-Culture and History. Bamm, Peter. Alexander der Grosse. Ein knigliches Leben. Bengtson, Hermann. Dia Diadochen. Die Nachfolger Alexanders des Grossen.Bengtson, Hermann. Griechische Geschichte von den Anfngen bis in die Rmische Kaiserzeit. Bengtson, Hermann. Philipp und Alexander der Grosse. Die Begrnder der hellenistischen Welt. Ceram, C. W. Enge Schlucht und Schwarzer Berg. Entdeckung des Hethiter-Reiches. Ceram, C. W. Gtter, Grber und Gelehrte. Contenau, Georges. So lebten die Babyloner und Assyrer. Epiktet. Anleitung zum glcklichen Leben. Fernau, Joachim. Rosen fr Apoll. Die Geschichte der Griechen. Finley, M. I. Das politische Leben in der antiken Welt. Finley, M. I. Die antike Wirtschaft. Finley, M. I. Die Sklaverei in der Antike. Finley, M. I. Die Welt des Odysseus. Fox, Robin Lane. Die Suche nach Alexander. Friedell, Egon. Hulturgeschichte Griechenlands. Gehrke, Hans-Joachim. Jenseits von Athen und Sparta. Das Dritte Griechenland und seine Staatenwelt. Herm, Gerhard. Die Kelten. Das Volk das aus dem Dunkel kam. Hckmann, Olaf. Antike Seefahrt. Homer. Odyssee. Huot, Jean-Louis. Persien I. Irmscher, Johannes. Lexikon der Antike. Kernyi, Karl. Die Mythologie der Griechen I & II. Matz, Friedrich. Kreta und frhes Griechenland. Prolegomena zur griechischen Kunstgeschichte. Patzer, Andreas (Herausg.). Streifzge durch die antike Welt. Platon, Nikolas. Kreta. Pohlenz, Max. Gestalten aus Hellas. Reden, Sybille von. Die Etrusker. Thorwald, Jrgen. Macht und Geheimnis der frhen rzte. Wooley, Sir Leonard. Ur in Chalda. Zwlf Jahre Ausgrabungen in Abrahams Heimat. (30)

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Greek World-Culture and History. Boardman, John. The Greeks Overseas. Their Early Colonies and Trade. Bulfinch, Thomas. The Golden Age of Mythand Legend. Cottrell, Leonard. The Lost Pharaohs. Cottrell, John. The Bull of Minos. Giles, F. J. Ikhnaton. Legend and History. Grant, Michael. Ancient History Atlas. Graves, Robert. The Golden Fleece. Guzzo, Pier Giovanni. Le Citta Scomparse della Magna Grecia. Herodotus. The Persian Wars. Hungarian National Museum. Exhibition Guide. Kramer, S. N. Os Sumrios. Lindsay, Jack. The Ancient World. Manners and Morals. Sprague de Camp, L. The Ancient Engineers. Tucidides. Historia da Guerra do Peloponeso. (14) Medieval Europe-Culture and History.. Borst, Otto. Alltagsleben im Mittelalter. Braudel, Ferdinand. The Mediterranean and the Mediterranean World in the Age of Philip II. Vol. I-II. Fischer-Fabian, S. Die deutschen Csaren. Gagliardi, E. Novara und Dijon. Hhepunkt und Verfall der schweizerischen Grossmacht im 16. Jahrhundert. Longworth, Philip. Aufstieg und Fall der Republik Venedig. Mhlbacher, Engelbert. Deutsche Geschichte unter den Karolingern. Vol. I II. Pernou, Rgine. Knigin der Troubadoure. Eleonore von Aquitanien. Prtner, Rudolf. Das Rmerreich der Deutschen. Rhl, John. Kaiser, Hof und Staat. Wilhelm II und die deutsche Politik. Ruciman, Steven. A History of the Crusade. Vol. I-III. Stenton, Doris M. English Society in the Early Middle Ages. Wood, Charles T. The Age of Chivalry. Manners and Morals 1000-1450. (16) Persia/Arabia-Coins. Broome, Michael. A Handbook of Islamic Coins. Gaube, Heinz. Arabosasanidische Numismatik. Gbl, Robert. Sasanian Numismatics. Petrowicz, Alexander von. Arsaciden-Mnzen. Plant, Richard. Arabic Coins and how to read them. Sellwood, David. The Coinage of Partia. (6) Persia/Arabia-Culture and History. Childe, V. Gordon. New Light on the Most Ancient East. Glubb, Lt. Gen. Sir John. A Soldier with the Arabs. Glubb, J. Britain and the Arabs. Glubb, J. The Course of Empire. 860-1146. The Arabs and their Successors. Glubb, J. The Empire of the Arabs 680-860. Glubb, J. The Great Arab Conquests 630-680. Glubb, J. The Lost Centuries. From the Muslim Empires to the Renaissance of Europe 1145-1453. Groom, Nigel. Frankincense and Myrrh. A Study of the Arabian Incense Trade. Hunke, Sigrid. Allahs Sonne ber dem Abendland. Kinross, Lord. Between Two Seas. The Creation of the Suez Canal. Mandel, Gabriel. Das Reich der Knigin von Saba. Newby, P. H. Saladin in his Time. Palmer, Alan. Verfall und Untergang des Osmanischen Reiches. Waterfield, Gordon. Sultans of Aden. (14) Rome-Coins. Askew, Gilbert. The Coinage of Roman Britain. Harlan, Michael. Roman Republican Moneyers and their Coins, 63 BC-49 BC. Jones, John Melville. A Dictionary of Ancient Roman Coins. Lahusen, Gtz. Die Bildnismnzen der rmischen Republik. Sayles, Wayne G. Ancient Coin Collecting III. The Roman World Politics and Propaganda. Seaby, H. A. and David Sear. Roman Silver Coins 1-4. Sear, David. Roman Coins and their Values. 4th Ed. Sear, David. The History and Coinage of the Roman Imperators 49-27 BC. Sydenham, Edward A. The Coinage of the Roman Republic. Reprint. (12) Rome-Culure and History. Beard, Mary and Michael Crawford. Rome in the Late Republic. Caesar. The Civil War. Crawford, Michael. The Roman Republic. Gibbon, Edward. The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire. Abridged. Graves, Robert. Claudius the God. Procopius. The Secret History. Randers-Pehrson, Justine D. Barbarians and Romans. Scarre, Chris. Chronicle of the Roman Emperors. Sear, David. The Emperors of Rome and Byzantium. Chronological and Genealogical Tables for Students and Coin Collectors. Sherwin-White, A. N. Roman Foreign Policy in the East. (9) Rome-Culture and History. Caesar. Der Gallische Krieg. Christ, Karl. Sulla. Eine rmische Karriere. Fuhrmann, Manfred. Cicero und die Rmische Republik. Gelzer, Matthias. Caesar. Der Politiker und Staatsmann.Grant, Michael. Caesar. Genie, Eroberer, Diktator. Grant, Michael. Kleopatra. Josephus, Flavius. Der Jdische Krieg. Khler, Heinz. Kunst der Welt. Rom und sein Imperium. Mommsen, Theodor. Rmische Geschichte. Band 1-8. Paperback. Plutarch. Von grossen Griechen und Rmern. Sallust. Historische Schriften. Schall, Ute. Am Anfang war die Wlfin. Frauen im alten Rom. Stver, Hans Dieter. Die Rmer. Taktiker der Macht. Tacitus. Annalen. Yourcenar, Marguerite. Ich zhmte die Wlfin. Die Erinnerungen des Kaisers Hadrian. (15)

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