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FAKULTI KEJURUTERAAN ELEKTRIK UNIVERSITI TEKNIKAL MALAYSIA MELAKA

BEKC 2421 CONTROL SYSTEM ENGINEERING LABORATORY

EXPERIMENT 2: TEMPERATURE CONTROL SYSTEM (Part 1)

Group Members

: HO WAH CHONG : LING SING YIP : KOH GUAN KEONG

B011110299 B011210094 B011110245

Lab Group Program/Section Date Checked By Score

: G2 : 2BEKM/S1 : 29/04/2013 : :

To observe and explain the operation of open-loop and closed-loop temperature control system. Control system can be differentiating into 2 types. which are open-loop and close-loop. The examples that related to our daily in the temperature control system is the air-conditional. The LabVolt Process Control Trainer Model 3521 is an apparatus that can set up the basic temperature control system by using heater. a process. When the sensor detect the environmental temperature is different with the temperature that we set in the system. The method that we used during the experiment is by using the Lab-Volt Process Control Trainer Model 3521 to do out the experiment. [1] While in temperature control system. another part is study about the Positive and Negative Feedback in ClosedLoop Temperature Control System. 2. Lab-Volt Process Control Trainer Model 3521 2. the system will correct the output and hence corrects the effects of disturbances. The main thing that we study in this experiment is related to the car radiator temperature control system. there are two parts. fan and temperature indicator.0 Objective and Scope 1.0 Abstract The experiment in part 1 was aim to study about the temperature control system. The Lab-Volt Process Control Trainer model 3521 will act as the car radiator temperature control system.0 Experiment Background Control system consists of an input. 3. 2. open-loop systems are simpler and less expensive than closed-loop system. We can set the temperature that we desired in the system. one part is study about the open-loop temperature control system. the main thing that we control is the temperature.Part 1: Temperature Control System 1. The air-conditional will change the temperature by blowing more cold air into the environment or stop blowing any cold air into environment. 4. Connecting Leads 3. Stopwatch . To compare the performance characteristics of the open-loop and closed-loop temperature control system. However. and an output. Open-loop system output for disturbances is not monitored or corrected whereas in closed-loop system is monitored and compared with input so that if an error is detected. In the experiment in part 1.0 Equipment 1.

Figure 1: The Lab-Volt Process Control Trainer Model 3521 Figure 2: The diagram show the circuit of an open-loop temperature control system .

The time when the fan is switched on is indicated. The appropriate connection as the circuit shown in the Figure 2 which is an open-loop temperature control system is made.5 45.2 42.6 45.0 Open-Loop Temperature Control System 5. The table of the result is shown to show the relationship between the temperature of the radiator and time. 2.8 42. 8.8 42.0 43.5 45.0 45.5 31.6 45. The Power of the Process Control Trainer is turned off and all the leads are removed when temperature display is approximately equal to the room temperature 5.9 42. 3.5. The temperature of the radiator of every minute is recorded for 15 minutes or until the temperature stabilizers occur. the Fan Speed switch to high position is set to increase the heat loss from the radiator.5v is turned on. The DC SOURCE-1-LEVEL control to voltage set point at +2.7 45.7 45.7 39.8 35.1 41. 6.8 43.2 Result Time(minute) 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14* 15 16 17 18 19 20 * The fan start to switch on. The temperature of the radiator is recorded for every 10minutes or until the temperature stabilizers. After 15 minutes or temperature stabilizers occur.8 Solid State Relay Off Off On On On On On On On On On On On On On Off Off Off Off Off Off . The light of the Solid State Relay LED is also observed. Temperature(oC) 27.7 44. The POWER switch to ON position is set and the initial temperature of the radiator is recorded. 7.8 42.1 Procedure 1. 5.3 45. The DC-SOURCE-1-LEVEL control is turned into fully counterclockwise to cut the power supply to the heater. 4.

8 43.4 43.6 43.Graph of the Radiator's Temperature Increase 50 45 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 1Min 2Min 3Min 4Min 5Min 6Min 7Min 8Mn 9Min 10Min 11Min 12Min 13Min Graph of the Radiator's Temperature Decrease 44.2 43 42.2 44 43.8 42.6 42.4 42.2 14Min 15Min 16Min 17Min 18Min 19Min 20Min .

The error voltage. 4.6. 6.Min . VT the error voltage. V of +3. Vo are measured by using the B input of the DC voltmeter.0 Positive and Negative Feedback in Closed-Loop Temperature Control System 6. 2. VT the error voltage.Mid position . Vo are measured again by using the B input of the DC voltmeter.5v is set.Max. VE during this time interval is observed.High . 3.High . The appropriate connection as the circuit shown in the Figure 3 which is an closed-loop temperature control system is made.High . The feedback voltage.1 Procedure Figure 3: The diagram show the circuit of the closed-loop temperature control 1. 5. .Min. The feedback voltage. The following settings on the trainer are set: DC Source-1-Level Temperature Transmitter Zero Temperature Transmitter Span DC Voltmeter Input Selector Level Comparator Hysteresis Heater Power Fan Speed Proportional Amplifier Gain Limiter Level . VE and the amplified error voltage.Fully counterclockwise(MIN) . VE and the amplified error voltage. The system is operated until the temperature display indicated approximately 35oC. The trainer is turned ON and the set point voltage.¼ of maximum . .

Vo are measured again by using the B input of the DC voltmeter. VE and the amplified error voltage. The connections on the trainer are modified to obtain the circuit shown in Figure 4. 10.5 5.5 3 4. Figure 4: The diagram show the circuit use in the second part 9. The lead connected to the control input of the Solid State Relay and the trainer is operated few minutes so that the temperature of the radiator decreases. 6.5 VE(v) 2. 13. VT the error voltage. The Power is switch off of the trainer and removes all leads.7 Vo(v) 5. 11.5 0 6. 8.5 .5 3.7. 12.2 Result Trainer Just On Temperature reach 35oC The voltage shut down 5Minutes after the shut down VT(v) 0. The DC-SOURCE-1-LEVEL control is turned into fully counterclockwise to cut the power supply. The system is operated for a 5 minutes to observe the error voltage.3 6. The Power of the Process Control Trainer is turned off when temperature display is approximately equal to the room temperature. The feedback voltage.125 0 5.

2 Positive and Negative Feedback in Closed-Loop Temperature Control System 7.3 Precaution 1. Control Systems Theory. 2.7. . we switch on the fan to cold down the radiator by increasing the heat loss from the radiator. Before proceed with different test. Module 4. 8.0 Conclusion 10. Always choose sufficiently long leads. 7. After finishing the connection of experiment circuit or doing any modification on the experiment circuit.7oC. we can see that when the power of the heater switches on. Connecting circuit is permitted only after power has been disconnected to avoid electric shock. Universiti Teknikal Malaysia Melaka.0 Discussion 7. After 14 minutes the power switches on.0 References [1] Nur Aidawaty Rafan and Silah Hayati Kamsani. the temperature remains constant at that moment because the heat transfers out and in the radiator has remained constant. When the temperature reaches 45. 3. 2011.1 Open-Loop Temperature Control System From this experiment. please ask the instructor to verify whether it is right or not before turning on the power supply. do not connect two or more short leads to make one long lead. let the system operate and wait until the temperature display is approximately equal to the room temperature. Remove disconnected lead from the trainer. the temperature of radiator increases.