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GMRL and GMRC for a composite conductor having seven identical strands of radius ‘r’ each. 2. GMRL and GMRC of bundle conductor having bundle spacing of ‘d’ having total number of conductor 2,3 (equilateral triangle configuration) or 4 (square configuration) each of radius ‘r’. 3. Develop program in MATLAB to determine line constant L and C for an overhead 3-phase general transmission line considering following options: . Type of conductor a) Single Conductor b) Bundle Conductor (with configuration) . Number of three phase circuits a) Single Circuit b) Double Circuit (Vertical configuration) c) Double Circuit (Horizontal configuration) . For double circuit configuration – the circuit arrangement a) abc-c’b’a’ b) abc-a’b’c’ . Whether the line is transposed or not 4. A double circuit three phase transmission line is composed of two ACSR 72/7 Kiwi conductors per phase with vertical configuration as shown in figure. The conductors have the diameter of 4.4069cm and a GMR of 1.7374cm. The bundle spacing is 45cm. Find the inductance and capacitance per phase per km of the line and verify the result using MATLAB program developed in Ex.3, if the line is untransposed. Neglect the effect of earth.
Determine the MVAr and the capacitance of the shunt capacitors to be installed at the receiving end to keep the receiving end voltage at 500 kV when line is energized with 500 kV at the sending end. Also. iv. . 550-kV transmission line is 300 km long. The line loading in part (i) resulted in a voltage regulation of 34.i.8 pf lagging at 500 kV.016 Ohm/km L = 0. 0. v.16%. the line is compensated with series and shunt capacitors. 60-Hz. Find the receiving end voltage when the line is terminated in an open circuit and is energized with 500 kV at the sending end. determine the reactance and the MVAr of a three-phase shunt reactor to be installed at the receiving end in order to limit the no-load receiving end voltage to 500 kV. Find the receiving end and the sending end currents when the line is terminated in a short circuit. b) Determine the line performance when the line is compensated by series capacitors for 40% compensation with the load condition in (i) at 500 kV. c) The line has 40% series capacitor compensation and supplies the load in (i). vi. Determine the sending end quantities and the line performance when the receiving end load impedance is 290 Ω at 500 kV. To improve the line performance. iii. ii. The line parameters per phase per unit length are found to be r = 0. For the loading condition in (i): a) Determine the MVAr and the capacitance of the shunt capacitors to be installed at the receiving end to keep the receiving end voltage at 500 kV when the line is energized with 500 kV at the sending end. Determine the receiving end quantities and the line performance when 600 MW and 400 MVAr are being transmitted at 525 kV from the sending end.0115 µF/km Determine the line performance when load at the receiving end is 800 MW. which is unacceptably high. Assignment 2 Develop a MATLAB program for a three-phase.97 mH/km C = 0.
3P1 + 0.008 P12 C2 = 180 + 6. Find the optimal dispatch and the total cost in Rs.3 P2 + 0. Neglecting line losses and generator limits./h for the thermal plants of the above example. Plant outputs are subject to the following limits (in MW) 10 ≤ P1 ≤ 85 10 ≤ P2 ≤ 80 10 ≤ P3 ≤ 70 For this problem. (b) by graphical demonstration. Assignment 3 The fuel-cost function for three thermal plants in Rs.0179 P32 (pu) Where the loss coefficients are specified in per unit on a 100 MVA base. PD is 800 MW./h. Write a program in MATLAB. (c) by iterative technique using the gradient method. 3.004 P12 C2 = 400 + 5.0228 P22 (pu) + 0.0218 P12 (pu) + 0. find the optimal dispatch and the total cost in Rs. The total load.8 P3 + 0. assume the real power loss is given by the simplified expression: PL (pu) = 0.5P2 + 0.006 P22 C3 = 200 + 5. when the total load is 975 MW with the following generator limits (in MW): 200 ≤ P1 ≤ 450 150 ≤ P2 ≤ 350 100 ≤ P3 ≤ 225 The fuel-cost of three thermal plants of a power system are: C1 = 200 + 7. 2. Determine the optimal dispatch of generation when the total system load is 150 MW. for n generators with all possible options of including/neglecting losses and generator limits. 4.1.009 P22 C3 = 140 + 6.0 P1 + 0. (a) by analytical method.8P3 + 0. P2 and P3 are in MW. . P2 and P3 are in MW./h are given by C1 = 500 + 5. Program must input the coefficients of fuel-cost function of each generator and the simplified expression of real power loss (if considered).009 P32 Where P1.007 P32 Where P1.
0.e. 2. Also develop MATLAB commands for above two parameters. A 60-Hz synchronous generator having inertia constant H = 9.79° when the input power is increased by a small amount ΔP = 0. For example. E' = 1. Line impedances are marked in pu on a 100 MVA base. Fast-De-Coupled Method 2. The magnitude of voltage at bus 1 is adjusted to 1.6 per unit.05 pu.1.3 per unit is connected to an infinite bus through a purely reactive circuit as shown in the figure. Voltage magnitude at bus 3 is fixed at 1.94 MJ/MVA and the transient reactance Xd’ = 0. c) Obtain a SIMULINK block diagram representation of the state-space model and simulate to obtain the response. The reactances are marked on the diagram on a common system base. b) Obtain the response using the MATLAB step function.2 per unit. The generator is delivering real power of 0. a) Obtain the step response for the rotor angle and the generator frequency.35 per unit and V = 1. i. The generator excitation and the infinite bus bar voltage are the same as before. Gauss-Seidel Method b.8 power factor lagging to the infinite bus at a voltage of V = 1 per unit. Newton-Raphson Method c. Fast-De-Coupled Method Assignment 5 1. Obtain the power flow solution by: a. Write a program in MATLAB for maximum 10 bus system to obtain the power flow solution by: a. and the line charging susceptances are neglected.138. The generator of (1) is operating in the steady state at δ0 = 16.0 per unit. Consider a small disturbance of Δδ = 10°. the breakers open and then quickly close. Gauss-Seidel Method b. Assignment – 4 Following figure shows the one line diagram of a simple three bus power system with generators at buses 1 and 3.04 pu with a real power generation of 200 MW. Assume the per unit damping power coefficient is D = 0. Obtain equations describing the motion of the rotor angle and the generator frequency. Newton-Raphson Method c. . A load consisting of 400 MW and 250 Mvar is taken from bus 2.
l per unit. In addition.1 per unit. .25/3 per unit on a 100-MVA base. d) A double line-to-ground fault at bus 3 through a fault impedance Zf = j0. c) A line-to-line fault at bus 3 through a fault impedance Zf = j0. The system data expressed in per unit on a common 100 MVA base is tabulated below. 2. 3.l per unit. using the bus impedance matrix. Assignment 6 The one-line diagram of a simple power system is shown in the figure below. The neutral of each generator is grounded through a current-limiting reactor of 0. for each type of fault determine the bus voltages and the line currents during fault. b) A single line-to-ground fault at bus 3 through a fault impedance Zf = j0. Solve (1).1. Write MATLB programs for (1) and (2). The generators are running on noload at their rated voltage and rated frequency with their emfs in phase. Determine the fault current for the following faults: a) A balanced three-phase fault at bus 3 through a fault impedance Zf = j0.l per unit.
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