Arabic

Grammar
Adjectives

WRITTEN BY ABOO IBRAAHEEM HAAROON & UMM MUJAAHID

What are Adjectives?
Adjectives are describing words.
In Arabic we call adjectives ‫ ﻬﻧﻌﺖ‬or ‫ﺻﻔﺔ‬
ِ . Adjectives
come after the noun they qualify and follow it in
gender, and plurality, they may also follow it in
case (declension) and definiteness.
Here is a list of adjectives:
Small
Slim
Narrow

Big
Fat
Wide

Making An Adjective Feminine
To make an adjective feminine we add on the
taa marboota .  

‫ﻛﻠِﻴﻠﺔ‬
‫ﻬﻧﺤِﻴﻔﺔ‬ 

‫ﻛﻠِﻴﻞ‬ 
‫ﻬﻧﺤِﻴﻒ‬
Page 1

1 

‫ﻛﻠِﻴﻞ‬
Blunt
Page 2

2

$%‫ﺣﺎ‬
Sharp
Page 3

3 

‫ﺿ(ﻴﻖ‬
Narrow
Page 4

4 

‫ ﺳِﻊ‬
Wide
Page 5

‫‪Exercise 1:‬‬

‫ﻛ‪ِ 4‬ﻤﭼﻞ‪ 4‬ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‪:‬‬

‫‪Complete the following:‬‬

‫ ﻟﻄﱠﺮِلﺎﻳرﻖ‪ ,‬ﺿ(ﻴﻖٌء‬

‫‪.............‬‬

‫ﻛﻠِﻴﻞ‬

‫‪............‬‬

‫ ﺳِﻊ‬

‫‪............‬‬

‫ﺣﺎ‪$%‬‬

‫‪Page 6‬‬

5 

‫ﺠﺘﻬِﺪ‬,‫ﻣ‬
Hardworking
Page 7

6

9 ‫ﻼ‬ 
‫ﻛﺴ‬
Lazy
Page 8

7

$‫>ﻛِﻲ‬
Intelligent
Page 9

8

$‫ﻏﺒِﻲ‬
Dumb
Page 10

Exercise 2:

:‫ ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‬4‫ ِﻤﭼﻞ‬4‫ﻛ‬

Complete the following:

$‫ﻏﺒِﻲ‬

............. 

‫ﺠﺘﻬِﺪ‬,‫ ﻣ‬.............
$‫>ﻛِﻲ‬

.............

9 ‫ ﻛﺴﻼ‬............
Page 11

9 

‫ﻬﻧﺤِﻴﻒ‬
Slim
Page 12

10 

‫ﺳﻤﭼِﻴﻦ‬
Fat
Page 13

11 

‫ﻛﺒﻴﺮ‬
Big
Page 14

12 

‫ﺻﻐِﻴﺮ‬ 

Small
Page 15

Exercise 3:

:‫ ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‬4‫ ِﻤﭼﻞ‬4‫ﻛ‬

Complete the following: 

‫ﺳﻤﭼِﻴﻦ‬

............. 

‫ﻬﻧﺤِﻴﻒ‬

............. 

‫ﺻﻐِﻴﺮ‬ 

............ 

‫ﻛﺒِﻴﺮ‬

............
Page 16

13 

‫ﻗﺼِﻴﺮ‬
Short
Page 17

14 

‫ﻃﻮِلﺎﻳرﻞ‬
Tall
Page 18

15 

‫ﺑﻌِﻴﺪ‬
Far
Page 19

16 

‫ﻗﺮِلﺎﻳرﺐ‬
Near
Page 20

‫‪Exercise 4:‬‬

‫ﻛ‪ِ 4‬ﻤﭼﻞ‪ 4‬ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‪:‬‬

‫‪Complete the following:‬‬

‫‪.............‬‬

‫ﻗﺼِﻴﺮ‬

‫‪.............‬‬

‫ﻃﻮِلﺎﻳرﻞ‬

‫‪............‬‬

‫ﻗﺮِلﺎﻳرﺐ‬

‫‪............‬‬

‫ﺑﻌِﻴﺪ‬

‫‪Page 21‬‬

17 

‫ﻓﻘِﻴﺮ‬
Poor
Page 22

18

$‫ﻏﻨِﻲ‬
Rich
Page 23

19 

‫ﺳﺮِلﺎﻳرﻊ‬
Fast
Page 24

20 

‫ﺑﻄِﺊ‬
Slow
Page 25

Exercise 5:

:‫ ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‬4‫ ِﻤﭼﻞ‬4‫ﻛ‬

Complete the following: 

‫ﻓﻘِﻴﺮ‬

.............

$‫ﻏﻨِﻲ‬

............. 

‫ﺳﺮِلﺎﻳرﻊ‬

............ 

‫ﺑﻄِﺊ‬

............
Page 26

21

$
‫ﺣﺎ‬
Hot
Page 27

22 


‫ﺑﺎ‬
Cold
Page 28

23 

‫ﺳِﺦ‬
Dirty
Page 29

24 

‫ﻬﻧﻈِﻴﻒ‬
Clean
Page 30

Exercise 6:

:‫ ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‬4‫ ِﻤﭼﻞ‬4‫ﻛ‬

Complete the following:

$
‫ﺣﺎ‬

............. 


‫ﺑﺎ‬

............. 

‫ﺳِﺦ‬

............ 

‫ﻬﻧﻈِﻴﻒ‬

............
Page 31

Arabic Grammar
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Page 32 

‫ﻛِﺘﺎ ﺣﺮ ِ ﻟﺠﺮ‬
Pulling letters
WRITTEN BY

ABOO IBRAAHEEM HAAROON & UMM MUJAAHID

What are “Hurooful jar”?

In the English language “Hurooful jar”
are called genitive prepositions, but we’ll
call them “pulling letters” just to make
things easy.
Pulling letters come in front of a noun
and make it take a kasrah.
Here are some examples.

ِ ‫ِﺑﺮ ﻫِﻴﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﻟﺪﻛﱠﺎ‬
ِ‫ ﻟﻜِﺘﺎ ﻋﻠ(ﻰ ﻟﺴ"ﺮِلﺎﻳرﺮ‬
ِ‫ﺳﺎﻓ(ﺮ' ِﻟ(ﻰ ﻟﻴ ﻤﭼﻦ‬
Page 1

‫ﻓِﻲ‬

In

‫ﻋﻠ(ﻰ‬

On 

‫ِﻣﻦ‬

From
Page 2

‫ِﻟ(ﻰ‬ 
‫ﻋﻦ‬
ِ‫ﻟ‬

To

About

For
Page 3

(‫ﻛ‬

like

ِ‫ﺑ‬

By

" 

Rarely/
often
Page 4

‫ﺴ ِﻢ‬ 
‫ﺣﺮ  ﻟ (ﻘ‬
Here are 3 more pulling words, they
are a special category called “words
of oath”. 

ِ‫ﺑ‬ 

‫ﺗ‬

Here are some examples.

ِ‫ ﷲِ ﺗﺎﷲِ ﺑِﺎﷲ‬
Page 5

ِ‫ِﺑﺮ ﻫِﻴﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﻟﺤﺪِلﺎﻳرﻘ(ﺔ‬

Ibraaheem is in the garden.

ِ‫ﺳﺎﻓ(ﺮ' ِﻟ(ﻰ ﻟﻴ ﻤﭼﻦ‬

I travelled to Yemen.

Page 6

ِ‫ (ﻟﻜِﺘﺎ ﻋﻠ(ﻰ ﻟﻤﭼﻜﺘﺐ‬

The book is on the desk.

ِ‫ (ﻟﺸ"ﻴﺦ ِﻣ ﻦ ﻟﻬِﻨﺪ‬

The scholar is from India.

Page 7

‫ﻮ ﻋﻦ ﺻِﺤ"ﺘِﻲ‬A‫ﺳﺄ(ﻟ‬

They asked about my health

ِ:‫ ﻟﺤِﺼﺎ ُﺳﺮِلﺎﻳرﻊ< ﻛ(ﺎﻟﺒﺮ‬

The horse is fast like lighting.

Page 8

.‫ﻫﺬ( ﻟ ﱠﻄﻌﺎ ﻟِﻴﺎﺳِﺮٍء‬

This food is for Yaasir.

‫ 
" 
ﺟﻞٍء ﻛ(ﺮِلﺎﻳرﻢٍء ﻗ(ﺎﺑﻠ(ﻨِِﻰ‬

Rarely a noble man has met me.
Page 9

.‫ﻌﺒ ِﺔ‬A‫ﺧﺎﻟِﺪ< لﺎﻳر ﻠﻌﺐ ﺑِﺎﻟﻠ‬

Khaalid is playing with the toy.
Page 10

‫‪Exercise 1:‬‬

‫(ﻛ ِﻤﭼﻞ ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‪:‬‬

‫‪Complete the following:‬‬

‫ﺟﻞ‪A‬‬
‫ ﻟﺮ" ‬

‫ ﻟﺪﻛﱠﺎ ِ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺄ(ﻟ‪A‬ﻮ ‬

‫ﺻِﺤ"ﺔِ (ﺑِﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ﺳﺎﻓ(ﺮ'‬

‫ ﻟﻴ ﻤﭼﻦِ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫ ِﺬ‪ ِM‬ﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟ(ﺔ‪A‬‬
‫‪Page 11‬‬

‫ﺧﺎﻟِﺪٍء‪.‬‬

‫‪Exercise 2:‬‬

‫(ﻛ ِﻤﭼﻞ ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‪:‬‬

‫‪Complete the following:‬‬

‫(لﺎﻳرﻦ (ﻬﻧﺖ؟‬
‫(ﻬﻧﺎ ‪ (V‬ﻫِﺐ<‬
‫ ﻟﻄ‪R‬ﱠﺎﻟِﺐ ﺳ ِﺆ (‪S‬‬

‫ (ﳌﺴﺠِﺪِ‪.‬‬
‫ ِﻹﻣﺘِﺤﺎ ِ‪.‬‬

‫ﻫﺬ( ﻟ ِﻘﻄ(ﺎ 
ﻠ ًّﻄِ ﻔﻞِ‪.‬‬
‫‪Page 12‬‬

‫‪Exercise 3:‬‬

‫(ﻛ ِﻤﭼﻞ ﻣﺎ لﺎﻳرﻠِﻰ‪:‬‬

‫‪Complete the following:‬‬

‫ ﻟﻜ‪A‬ﺮﺳِﻲ‪.‬‬

‫ (ﻟﻮﻟ(ﺪ لﺎﻳرﺠﻠِﺲ‬

‫(ﻬﻧﺎ ﻗ( ِﻮ]\ ﺎﳊ(ﺪِلﺎﻳرﺪِ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ‬

‫ ﻟﻐﺮﻓ(ﺔِ؟‬

‫(ﻬﻧﺎ ‪ (V‬ﻫِﺐ<‬
‫‪Page 13‬‬

‫ﻣﻜﺘﺐِ ﻟﺒﺮِلﺎﻳرﺪِ‪.‬‬

‫‪Exercise 4:‬‬
‫‪Correct the following constructions:‬‬

‫ﺻﺤﺢ ﻟﺘ" ﺮﻛِﻴﺒﺎ'ِ ﻟﺘ"ﺎﻟِﻴﺔ(‪:‬‬
‫ﻫﺬ( ﻟ ﱠﻄﻌﺎ ﻟِﻴﺎﺳِﺮِ‪..................... . .‬‬
‫ ﻟﺤِﺼﺎ ُﺳﺮِلﺎﻳرﻊ< ﻛ(ﺎﻟﺒﺮ‪.................. .:‬‬
‫ (ﻟﻜِﺘﺎ ﻋﻠ(ﻰ ﻟﻤﭼﻜﺘﺐٍء‪.................. .‬‬
‫(ﻬﻧﺎ ‪ (V‬ﻫِﺐ< ِ^( (ﳌﺴﺠِﺪ‪................... .‬‬
‫‪Page 14‬‬

‫‪Exercise 5:‬‬
‫‪Correct the following constructions:‬‬

‫ﺻﺤﺢ ﻟﺘ" ﺮﻛِﻴﺒﺎ'ِ ﻟﺘ"ﺎﻟِﻴﺔ(‪:‬‬
‫ﺧﺎﻟِﺪ< لﺎﻳر ﻠﻌﺐ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪A‬ﻠﻌﺒﺔٍء‪.................... . .‬‬
‫ِﺑﺮ ﻫِﻴﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﻟﺤﺪِلﺎﻳرﻘ(ﺔ(‪..................... .‬‬
‫ﺳﺎﻓ(ﺮ' ِﻟ(ﻰ ﻟﻴ ﻤﭼﻦٍء‪..................... . .‬‬
‫ (ﻟﺸ"ﻴﺦ ِﻣﻦ ﻟﻬِﻨﺪ‪.................. ..... .‬‬
‫‪Page 15‬‬

‫‪Exercise 6:‬‬
‫‪Correct the following constructions:‬‬

‫ﺻﺤﺢ ﻟﺘ" ﺮﻛِﻴﺒﺎ'ِ ﻟﺘ"ﺎﻟِﻴﺔ(‪:‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ `ِ ﻟﻐﺮﻓ(ﺔ‪......................... . .A‬‬
‫ﺠﻦ ﻟِ ﻠﻘِﺘﺎ‪..................... .AS‬‬
‫ ﻟﺮ" ﺟﻞ‪ A‬ﺳ ِ‬
‫ﻫﺬ(َ ﻟﻜِﺘﺎ ِﻣﻦ ﻟ ﻤﭼﻌﻠﱢﻢ‪................ . .‬‬
‫ 
" 
ﺟﻞ‪ A‬ﻛ(ﺮِلﺎﻳرﻢِ ﻗ(ﺎﺑﻠ(ﻨِِﻰ‪.................. .‬‬
‫‪Page 16‬‬

‫‪Answers:‬‬
‫‪Exercise 1‬‬

‫ ﻟﺮ" ﺟﻞ‪ A‬ﻓِﻲ ﻟﺪﻛﱠﺎ ِ‪.‬‬
‫ﺳﺄ(ﻟ‪A‬ﻮ ﻋﻦ ﺻِﺤ"ﺔِ (ﺑِﻲ‪.‬‬
‫ﺳﺎﻓ(ﺮ' ﻟ(ﻰ ﻟﻴ ﻤﭼﻦِ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫ ِﺬ‪ ِM‬ﻟﺮﺳﺎﻟ(ﺔ‪ِ A‬ﻣﻦ ﺧﺎﻟِﺪٍء‪.‬‬
‫‪Exercise 2‬‬

‫ِﻣﻦ (لﺎﻳرﻦ (ﻬﻧﺖ؟‬
‫(ﻬﻧﺎ ‪ (V‬ﻫِﺐ< ِ^( (ﳌﺴﺠِﺪِ‪.‬‬
‫ ﻟﻄ‪R‬ﱠﺎﻟِﺐ ﺳ ِﺆ‪ (S‬ﻋﻦِ ِﻹﻣﺘِﺤﺎ ِ‪.‬‬
‫ﻫﺬ( ﻟ ِﻘﻄ(ﺎ 
ﻟِﻠ ًّﻄِ ﻔﻞِ‪.‬‬
‫‪Page 17‬‬

‫‪Answers:‬‬
‫‪Exercise 3‬‬

‫ (ﻟﻮﻟ(ﺪ لﺎﻳرﺠﻠِﺲ ﻋﻠ(ﻰ ﻟﻜ‪A‬ﺮﺳِﻲ‪.‬‬
‫(ﻬﻧﺎ ﻗ( ِﻮ]\ ﻛ(ﺎﻟﺤﺪِلﺎﻳرﺪِ‪.‬‬
‫ﻣﻦ `ِ ﻟﻐﺮﻓ(ﺔِ؟‬
‫(ﻬﻧﺎ ‪ (V‬ﻫِﺐ< ِ^( ﻣﻜﺘﺐِ ﻟﺒﺮِلﺎﻳرﺪِ‪.‬‬
‫‪Exercise 4‬‬

‫ﻫﺬ( ﻟ ﱠﻄﻌﺎ ﻟِﻴﺎﺳِﺮٍء‪.‬‬
‫ ﻟﺤِﺼﺎ ُﺳﺮِلﺎﻳرﻊ< ﻛ(ﺎﻟﺒﺮ‪.ِ:‬‬
‫ (ﻟﻜِﺘﺎ ﻋﻠ(ﻰ ﻟﻤﭼﻜﺘﺐِ‪.‬‬
‫(ﻬﻧﺎ ‪ (V‬ﻫِﺐ< ِ^( (ﳌﺴﺠِﺪِ‪.‬‬
‫‪Page 18‬‬

‫‪Answers:‬‬
‫‪Exercise 5‬‬

‫ﺧﺎﻟِﺪ< لﺎﻳر ﻠﻌﺐ ﺑِﺎﻟ‪A‬ﻠﻌﺒﺔِ‪.‬‬
‫ِﺑﺮ ﻫِﻴﻢ ﻓِﻲ ﻟﺤﺪِلﺎﻳرﻘ(ﺔِ‪.‬‬
‫ﺳﺎﻓ(ﺮ' ِﻟ(ﻰ ﻟﻴ ﻤﭼﻦِ‬
‫ (ﻟﺸ"ﻴﺦ ِﻣﻦ ﻟﻬِﻨﺪِ‪.‬‬
‫‪Exercise 6‬‬

‫ﻣﻦ `ِ ﻟﻐﺮﻓ(ﺔِ‪.‬‬
‫ﺠﻦ ﻟِ ﻠﻘِﺘﺎ‪.ِS‬‬
‫ ﻟﺮ" ﺟﻞ‪ A‬ﺳ ِ‬
‫ﻫﺬ(َ ﻟﻜِﺘﺎ ِﻣﻦ ﻟ ﻤﭼﻌﻠﱢﻢِ‪.‬‬
‫ 
" 
ﺟﻞٍء ﻛ(ﺮِلﺎﻳرﻢٍء ﻗ(ﺎﺑﻠ(ﻨِِﻰ‪.‬‬
‫‪Page 19‬‬

We want you and your children to enjoy learning
with us. If you have any comments, please contact
us. Your views mean a lot to us.
Email address: haroon.salafi@gmail.com

ISLAMIC WEBSITES:
KNOWLEDGE BASE
salafipublications.com
troid.org
bakkah.net
fatwaislam.com
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al-athariyyah.com
sunnahpublishing.net
therighteouspath.com
DISCUSSION
salafitalk.net
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binbaz.co.uk
binuthaymin.co.uk
fawzan.co.uk
rabee.co.uk
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ubayd.co.uk

REFERENCE
thenoblequran.com
sahihalbukhari.com
sahihmuslim.com

ONLINE STORES
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troid store

ARABIC
binbaz.org.sa
binothaimeen.com
rabee.net
sahab.net
AUDIO
salafiaudio.com

salaficast.net
troid audio
KIDS
islam4kids.com
salafischool.com
al-miftaah.com

Page 20

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