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LUTTRELL / EDINBURGH An important document for the history of Latin Greece is the list of the castles and barons of the Morea which commences "Quisti sono li castelli ehe madama ave in lo princepato de Achaya." The list, which is reprinted below, is preserved in the archives of the Hospitallers.1 It has been extensively used in descriptions of the principality,2 usually with the date of 1364 which Karl Hopf arbitrarily assigned to it when utilizing its Contents in 1868, and when publishing the text - with some errors - in i873.3 Hopf assumed that the ''madama*' was Marie de Bourbon, who ruled the principality for a brief period in 1364, but since the list mentions Centurione Zaccaria äs lord of Stamirra, which he was granted only in 1371/72, it must have been written after 1371. It belongs therefore to the period between 1374 and 1382 in which another "madama", Joanna of Anjou, Queen of Naples, ruled the principality.4 Furthermore, Argos and Nauplia are listed äs belonging to the "conte de Cupersano". Hopf and his successors, although aware that between 1356 and 1376 Argos and Nauplia were held by Guyd'Enghien,ignored the discrepancy. Guy 's brother Louis d'Enghien, who was Count of Conversano, dtd however act äs lord of Argos and Nauplia in 1377, so the list must belong to that year. Guy d'Enghien was alive at Nauplia in October 1376,5 but he died soon after. His possessions passed to his young daughter Marie, and for a brief period her uncle, the Count of Conversano, administered Argos and Nauplia for her. One of his acts was to grant a fief in the lordship to Jacopo de Joya in Heu of 1000 ducats which Guy had owed him. According to a Venetian document of 1389, the fief was "datum per dominum Lodovicum de Engino pro satisfactione ducatorum mille quos habere debebat a domino Guidone de Engino et postea renovatum et datum per
1 On two sheets found in Royal Malta Library, Valletta: Archives of the Order of St. John of Jerusalem, codex 55. 2 E. g., to cite the Standard work, J. Longnon, L'empire latin de Constantinople et la principaute de Moree, Paris 1949, pp. 329-330. 8 K. H o p f , Geschichte Griechenlands vom Beginn des Mittelalters bis auf die neuere Zeit, ii (J. Ersch - J. Gruber, Allgemeine Encyclopädie der Wissenschaften und Künste, 85), Leipzig 1868, p. 7; id., Chroniques greco-romanes, inedites ou peu connues, Berlin 1873, pp. xxviii, 227-229. 4 Libro de los fechos et conquistas del principado de la Morea compilado por comandamiento de Don Fray Johan Ferrandez de Heredia maestro del Hospital de S. Johan de Jerusalem, ed. A. Morel-Fatio, Geneva 1885, p. 155. Cf. A. L u t t r e l l , CA Fourteenth Century List of the Barons of Achaea (1377 ?),' Byz. Zeitschr. 51 (1958) 355-356. 5 H o p f , Chroniques, pp. 240-242.
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which named the castles held by the barons äs well äs those of Joanna. 43. Master of the Hospital.122 Download Date | 1/28/13 3:32 PM . doc. f. Diplomatari de l'Orient catalä: 1301-1409. Venezia: Misti.A. a place claimed together with Argos and Nauplia by Engelbert d'Enghien in 1393 (Misti. who was then claiming Argos and Nauplia. Luttrell: The Principality of Achaea in 1577 nobilem virum ser Petrum Cornario et dominam Mariam eius consortem ut apparet privilegiis et litteris eorundem. 34. Paris 1826. and the date and the other details he gives concord with those established here. Soon after Argos and Nauplia were probably in the hands of the Cornaro family. probably passed to the Hospitallers when they were acquiring the Principality of Achaea in 1377 prior to sending an expedition to defend the Christians of Greece. p. compiled soon after for Fr Juan Fernändez de Heredia.67. 7 C. Histoire de l'empire de Constantinople sous les empereurs fraru^ais. 9 A. f. 10 Libro de los fechos. the rent was probably 4000 ducats annuallv (see the document of 1409 below). f. Hopf knew something of the modern copies of these documents but many of his references defy the researcher's comprehension. f. Ducange was clearly citing a document he had seen. 159-160. Barcelona 1947.9 The document in the Hospitallers' archives. Buchon. read: 'Visa sint tarn instrumenta emptionis facte a domina Maria de Engino domina olirn locorum predictorum et similiter instrumenta et omnes contractus celebrati tempore nuptiarum contractarum inter dominum Petrum Cornario et eam cum domino Lodovico comite Cupersani patruo dicte domine Marie et gubernatore seu administratore locorum et bonorum predictorum seu cum suis procuratoribus ab una parte et dominum Federicum ab altera.118. Brought to you by | Sackler Library Authenticated | 129. for on 8 March 1378 the Senate conceded to Federigo Cornaro a ship to take supplies "ad loca sua Argi et Neapolis" for their defence. pp. 36. ii. Part of a Venetian document of 5 November 1394 replying to the proctor of Engelbert d'Enghien. D u c a n g e ."6 The marriage was apparently concluded by Louis d'Enghien's proctor at Venice on 17 May 1377. 8 Misti. T. 23v. he apparently remained for a while in Greece. for in a letter of 8 May 1381 Peter IV of Aragon complained that Louis had captured Joan de Lluria in an attack on the Catalans of the Duchy of Athens three years earlier and still held him prisoner." Louis also arranged Marie's marriage to Pietro Cornaro of Venice with bis father Federigo Cornaro. J. and thereafter she sent the Hospitaller Fr Daniele de! Carretto äs her bayle to govern the Morea and to receive it for the Hospitallers. 209.7 On 16 July the Venetian Senate gave permission for Federigo Cornaro to arm a galley to fetch his daughter-in-law Marie and carry her to Venice. R u b i o i L l u c h .8 Louis d'Enghien's control of Argos and Nauplia presumably came to an end in 1377 or very soon after. i29v). his document mentioned that Marie held Cines. 714. stated that Joanna reached an agreement with the Hospitallers and gave them the principality for five years "con ciertos pactos et convenciones que avieron entre ellos". 35.10 On i June 6 Archivio di Stato. The Aragonese Chronicle of the Morea. However. ed. 41. 56. 42. which must be a corrupt form of Kiveri.
quo eidem domino Ottoni dictum affictum dederat. 203. Master of the Hospital.342 /. Duke of Leucadia. f. occasione quorum illustris dominus marchio Montisferrati.000 ducats of rent which he claimed they had not paid when they leased the principality from Joanna. The Hospitallers' invasion of Epirus soon ended in their defeat by the Albanians. paid Joanna at least 6000 ducats äs part of the rent and resigned the principality to her officials. 22 (1956). he maintained that Joanna had granted this rent to her husband.118.instructing him to send Information äs to what really had occurred and also. 28 (1959).12 He probably went to Greece soon after. preceptoriam seu baiuliam de Mocrent14 cameram prioris Lombardie detinuit et detinet occupatam. consortis quondam dicte regine. 1376-1383: regestes et documents. L u t t r e l l . Super. 'Interessi fiorentini neireconomia e nella politica dei Cavalieri Ospedalieri di Rodi nel Trecento'. the marquis. f. «Hospitaliers et Navarrais en Grece. 12 13 11 Brought to you by | Sackler Library Authenticated | 129. having acquired the town in 1377 from Maddalena Buondelmonti. in affictum tradidit ad quinque annos magistro et conventui principatum Aquaye pro quatuor milibus ducatis auri anno quolibet qui ascendunt ad summam XX milium ducatorum pro dictis quinque annis. Period. pp. was. . R . di Pisa: lettere. and early in 1378 he and a body of Hospitallers reached Vonitza in Epirus. Abteilung 1377 Pope Gregory XI confirmed t he agreement by which the "custodia et regimen" of the principality were to pass to the Hospitallers "sub certis pactis . Aven. ea que gesta sunt super hoc informat domino magistro Archivio Vaticano: Reg. and some time before 24 August 1381. 322-324. 27-27v.13 Years later the Marquis of Monferrat seized a preceptory of the Hospitallers on the grounds that they owed him 20.' Orient. Aven. Annali Scuola Norm. Fr Dominico de Alamania. domini Ottonis de Bresuic. acting for the Order. . The entry in the Master's register read: Die nona lulii CCCCIX in Pisis scriptum fuit fratri Dominico de Alamania quomodo illustris memorie lohanna regina Sicilie. . Otto of Brunswick. So on 9 July 1409 Fr Philibert de Naillac. widow of Leonardo Tocco. wrote from Pisa to Fr Dominico de Alamania at Rhodes. storia e filosofia. serie II. proofs that the rent had been paid. Christ. ut cicius poterit. ut heres magnifici domini. Archivio Vaticano: Reg. On 24 September 1377 Fr Juan Fernändez de Heredia was provided by Gregory XI to the vacant Mastership of the Hospital. A. less than the agreed five years after the leasing of the Principality of Achaea.11 On i September Fr Daniele del Carretto who had been Papal Rector in Campania and Marittima had lately vacated that office.J . 350-351. Three years later the Navarrese mercenaries forced them to abandon the Morea.if possible. whose legal heir he. 14 Mocrent is uncertain and unidentified.122 Download Date | 1/28/13 3:32 PM . licet asseratur quod per dictum fratrem Dominicum aut alium vel alios nomine religionis de premissis extiterit satisfactum. L o e n e r t z . 139v-140.67. diu est. ordinatis et ordinandis". pp. 201.
f. Zeitschrift (57) 1964 Brought to you by | Sackler Library Authenticated | 129. Jadre R. and perhaps largely. Valletta: Archives of the Order of St John. McCleod. et ea que de premissis seit scribat.118. 321-325. I wish to thank for their generous help and advice Count Zeinnger de Borja.67. had certainly paid some of the rent. in codex 55.122 Download Date | 1/28/13 3:32 PM . The text of the document of 1409.-J. ut dicta baiulia distracta a proprietate religionis ad ipsam reducatur. It was presumably from this document that Hopf derived the erroneous and frequently repeated idea. Mr.A. false. OP. that in 1377 Joanna conferred the principality on Otto of Brunswick. Loenertz. Quisti sono li castelli ehe m a d a m a ave in lo p r i n c e p a t o de Achaya Primo in ello p[ia]no della morea lo castello de Claramonte apud clarenza lo castello de Sancto ho[mer]o In ella grisera lo castello de beluedere dicto ponticho lo castello della montangia delle monache lo castello de belloreguardo lo castello de Vunario17 lo castello de chillidonij In la Scorta Ic castello delo polcellecto k castello della smirina18 k castello de crepacore k castello della Cumba k castello della pigria k castello de ferro In Calamata k castello de Calamata k castello de porto de Junco 1ε terre de mayna Malta. pp. L o e n e r t z . finally corrected by R. however. makes it clear that there is no evidence that Joanna granted Otto the principality in 1377·16 Royal Malta Library. Miss Julian Crysostomides and. above all. so the Marquis of Monferrat's claims were at least partly. had paid it to Joanna and had resigned the principality to her officials. T.-J.15 Fr Dominico de Alamania. Wallace E. Luttrell: The Principality of Achaea in 1377 343 [et] mittat domino magistro quittancias et alia documenta de solucione premissorum si que habet. codex 335. 17 Or Viniario ? 118 3r Sinirina? 18 15 33 B-zant. Loenertz. 130v. which was not available to Father Loenertz.
Abteilung Quisti s o l i castelli delli b a r o n i i n l a Morea del freri de sanct Johan lo castello de paleopuli lo castello della fustena lo castello novo de messer marchisano de messer centurione la caladritza la stamirra la lissarea dello singiore de la Avostitza della da patraxo la Avostitza Sancto nicola delo sflacto le fortize de Archivescovo de patraxo patraxo lo castello del cacta ficho lo castello dello castri lo castello de ferro sopra patrasso lo castello de la caminza lo castello della terre del bosco lo castello del piano de patrasso In ella grisera lo castello de sancto Elya de messer nicola alamangno lo castello de Joya de messer Jacobo de Joya lo castello del fanari del singior de la Avostitza la terre de la cristiana dello grant Senescallo In la scorta lo castello de scala de messer Janni Misido In Calamata del singior dellarchadia lo castello della Archidia lo castello de sancto salvatore lo castello della Aquila Del gran Senescallo lo castello de sancto Archangelo lo castello de Bulcano De messer Janni misido lo castello del grebini lo castello della turchata In la castellania de coranto del gran senescallo lo castello de coranto lo castello de malvicino presso a coranto lo castello de basilicata lo castello de sancto basile Brought to you by | Sackler Library Authenticated | 129.122 Download Date | 1/28/13 3:32 PM .118.67.344 I.
67. and Longnon.118. but the document clearly gives terre. Geschichte. Luttrell: The Principality of Achaea in 1377 34$ lo castello de sancto Giorgio de polisengno lo castello de sorcastelli lo castello de Angelo Castio lo castello de pyegata lo castello delo ligorio Del conte de Cupersano lo castello dargo lo castello de napoli de Romania19 Identifications and analysis of this list in Hopf.A. ii.122 Download Date | 1/28/13 3:32 PM . 329-330. not torre. 19 Brought to you by | Sackler Library Authenticated | 129. T. pp. 7.
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