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NAME: ___________________________________

DATE: _____________ 6 ______

SING ALONG

Lyrics
Chorus Throw your hands up for the layers of the earth Throw em up for whats below the surface Throw your hands up, and lets discuss The inner core, outer core, mantle, and crust Verse I The layer well discuss first Is the central inner core, in the center of the earth A solid ball buried below the dirt We believe its primarily metallic iron You could never take a trip to the inner core, right? The heat will burn you up, 9,000 Fahrenheit 4,000 miles below the Earths crust One down three to go yall. 1,800 miles from the tip top The outer core is hard at work and it dont stop. Its busy spinning around the inner core, and listen, This steady movement causes Earths magnetism. Ranging from 4 to 9,000 degrees, It contributes 1/5 of the heat flowin to you and me. Its liquid metals that violently flow

So let it settle and when youre ready let me know. Just Chorus Verse II The mantle layer is the largest of the class. About half of our planets mass. The mantle is composed of very hot dense rocks, That move and flow, always on the go, they never lock, Never stop, and theyre responsible for tectonic shift Please believe the Earths plates are adrift Its pretty thick and the heat is awesome 1,600 at the top, 4,000 at the bottom The continental crusts surface is where we breathe A lot of rock up to 25 miles deep. The oceanic crust is next door Its 3-5 miles thick just below the ocean floor. Earths surface: 70% H20. Where do you get all that water? Salty sea flow, fresh waters in the glaciers, ice caps, and snow.

St Cecilias Primary Catholic School 2013-2014

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NAME: ___________________________________

DATE: _____________ 6 ______

NOTES We live on Earths crust which is about 32 km (20 ml) thick under the surface of the continents and about 8 km (5 ml) thick under the ocean floor. Earths outermost layer is the crust. The layer directly beneath the crust is the mantle. The innermost layer is the core. The core has an inner core and an outer core. The inner core is mainly iron and nickel. It is extremely hot and metals would usually melt at that extreme heat. But the inner core is solid because of the pressure and weight of the other layers around it. The crust is the thinnest layer of the earth. It is made up of rocks with loose dirt covering the rocks. The mantle is the thickest layer. Some of the upper mantle is melted because of the heat; however, great pressure keeps a part of the mantle solid. Scientists study the crust by drilling to get samples from it. The other layers are studied from materials taken after an earthquake and materials that come to the surface after a volcanic eruption. If we were to cut through the centre of the earth and look at the different layers of which it is made, we would find that there are three main regions - The crust, the mantle and the core. The crust is the outer region and includes the surface of the earth - the part we live on. The crust is rough and uneven with hills and valleys and has a layer of bedrock at its base. The region beneath the crust is called the mantle. This region is thicker than the crust and is made up of lighter rock material. The thickest region is the core, which consists of two parts: the outer and the inner core. The core is made up of molten larva, when there is an earthquake, the hot liquid rock that spurts from below the ground comes from the core area.

St Cecilias Primary Catholic School 2013-2014

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NAME: ___________________________________

DATE: _____________ 6 ______

Challenge #1- Assignment 12 marks Due Date: ________________________________

4 marks

Complete the table below with a description of the layer. 8 marks Crust Mantle Outer Core Inner Core

St Cecilias Primary Catholic School 2013-2014

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