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ETHOS

By: Joe Kvartunas The Marquette Tribune

OCTOBER 2013

A Monthly Publication of the International Center for Academic Integrity Featuring Summaries of Integrity News + News from the Center

Quote of the Month
“To see what is right and not to do it is cowardice.” ~Confucius

From the Director
Looking to the Science . . . An increasing body of research in cognitive science that seems to indicate that there may be physical explanations for the bad decision-making we see in many instances of academic integrity transgressions. Work such as that of Wilhelm Hofmann, Brandon J. Schmeichel, and Alan D. Baddeley (Trends in Cognitive Sciences, 3/2012, Vol. 16, No.3) suggests that not only can one’s ability to self-regulate be adversely affected by factors like “heavy cognitive load” and “high stakes situations”, physical factors like decreased glucose levels may also play a role in the efficacy of executive functioning as well. While we are far from establishing any specific cause and effect relationships between physical factors and the development and demonstration of integrous behavior, further investigation may give us new insights, approaches, and perhaps even tools to help students make better decisions even in high-stakes, “high cognitive load” situations.

Marquette University Task Forces Work Toward Honor Code, Council

The Marquette Academic Integrity Steering Committee began work on a formal

09/10/2013

honor system for all university students. The committee hopes to establish a formal honor code and honor council with “significant student participation” to review cases of academic dishonesty. “I think that the meaning and importance of academic integrity could hold a more central place in the Marquette community,” said Peter Toumanoff, professor of economics and chair of the Academic Integrity Steering Committee. “Our initiative is aimed at every member of the university, including students, faculty and administration. An honor code is one component of a multi-pronged effort to raise the concept of academic integrity as an important part of personal integrity, which is and should be considered cura personalis.” The Academic Integrity Steering Committee established several task forces to address the issues within academic integrity. The collective group of students working on the honor code and policies and procedures task groups is called the Academic Integrity Work Group, according to Alex Lahr, the Vice President of Marquette Student Government. They began meeting last semester and reviewed academic honor policies from multiple sources, including Marquette, the International Center for Academic Integrity and the Georgetown University Undergraduate Honor Council Marquette’s academic honesty policy addresses the issue of cheating by students and defines the responsibilities of students and faculty to combat academic dishonesty. However, a 2011 Academic Integrity Subcommittee review found that “The current academic honesty policy at Marquette is insufficient to accomplish the aims and purposes envisioned” by the subcommittee. “The vagueness of the policy itself really doesn’t state what’s not accepted, what is accepted and doesn’t really set a whole lot of guidelines for how students should behave,” Lahr said. One model the work group looked at, sponsored by the International Center for Academic Integrity, was produced by Gary Pavela, the director for judicial programs at the University of Maryland at College Park. The Pavela model puts forth strict definitions of what constitutes academic dishonesty. It requires a signed honor statement from each student. It also provides for an honor council to review alleged academic dishonesty… Full Story: http://marquettetribune.org/2013/10/15/news/university-task-forceswork-toward-honor-code-council/

~Teddi

Fishman

Whom Do You Trust?
By: Victor Dorff Huffington Post College

Nearly three-quarters of college students surveyed said that they would
lie on their resumes to get a job they wanted. When the employment services company ADP checked employment, education, and credential information on resumes, it found discrepancies 46 percent of the time. Add that to the number of job applicants who cheated to get the degrees and credentials they do have, and there is enough doubt to keep any prospective employer awake at night. As the day approaches when degrees can be earned through massive open online courses (MOOCs), internet technology offers an increasing opportunity to get a diploma dishonestly. Fortunately that same technology may provide a way for schools to maintain the integrity of

their online courses by making it harder for students to scam the 9/23/2013 system. The International Center for Academic Integrity (ICAI), a nonprofit organization devoted to promoting a culture of integrity in education, has been working with Software Secure, Inc. to create a "Trusted Seal Program" to certify that a distance-learning program has done everything it can to prevent cheating. ICAI provided a peer-reviewed rubric to measure whether a program has implemented the best available practices to maintain its integrity, while Software Secure developed technology to proctor online exams. [Full disclosure: Victor Dorff teaches at a high school that is a member of ICAI.]

Article: http://www.huffingtonpost.com/victor-dorff/whom-do-youtrust_b_3973524.html

Announcements
ICAI 2014 CALL FOR AWARDS!

By: Simon Fraser News Online

AI in the Spotlight at Simon Fraser University

http://www.academicintegrity.org/ic ai/events-1.php#award_nominations ___________________________________ We want your feedback! Visit our website and email comments, questions, and suggestions to: CAI-L@clemson.edu!

Most students don’t cheat on exams,

9/20/2013

ICAI 2014 Annual Conference – CALL FOR PROPOSALS!!!
The International Center for Academic Integrity is now accepting proposals for presentation sessions for its upcoming 2014 Annual Conference: Academic Integrity – Confronting the Issues. The conference will be February 28 – March 2, 2014, at the Hyatt Regency Riverfront in Jacksonville, Florida. Proposals are most welcome on the following subjects: • • • • Promoting scholastic and research integrity Fundamental values in education Discouraging, reducing, or dealing with instances of cheating Establishing/nurturing cultures of integrity around the world

hand in assignments that contain plagiarism or, worse, are written by others. Yet academic dishonesty is a growing challenge for SFU faculty and administrators as students become increasingly adept at using the Internet and other technologies to cheat. The Registrar’s office has developed a new academic integrity website that explains, in plain English, what academic integrity is, and the consequences of ignoring it. Jo Hinchliffe, associate registrar and academic integrity coordinator, says 500 cheating incidents were reported in 201112, representing about two per cent of the student population. “I think a lot of students aren’t aware of the consequences of being caught cheating,” she says. “They can be significant, including suspension.” Students who are suspended may not enroll in courses elsewhere, and for international students there are implications for student visas. The university suspends about one dozen students a year. Faculty have caught students impersonating each other and, in one incident, discovered that one student was using earphones to speak to another outside the exam room who was using a computer hidden in their watch to find the answers. “It’s remarkable how creative they’ve become,” says Hinchliffe. “It’s becoming more and more of a challenge to detect academic dishonesty.”

The Call for Proposals is open now, and can be accessed through ICAI’s conference website: http://www.academicintegrity.org/icai/ev ents-1.php Important Dates: • • • November 15, 2013: Deadline for submitting proposals online November 29, 2013: Individuals whose proposals are accepted for presentation will be notified Early January 2014: Presentation schedule drafts will be available to all presenters

www.facebook.com/AcademicIntegrity

The new website features two student videos that give students’ perspective on cheating. There are interviews with students and professors, a comic-strip about academic integrity and strategies for avoiding academic dishonesty. Complete Article: http://www.sfu.ca/sfunews/stories/2013/ac ademic-integrity-in-the-spotlight.html

We are looking forward to another great slate of proposals and presentations! Please email Aaron Monson at amonson@clemson.edu with any questions!
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The International Center for Academic Integrity grants permission to duplicate and distribute this newsletter physically or electronically, so long as it is duplicated and/or distributed in its entirety and without alteration. Please note that this publication features summaries of and links to original works that are subject to copyright protection. ICAI does not claim ownership or credit for any original works found within. This publication is sponsored by:

Welcome new ICAI members October 2013! Institutional Members
University of California, Merced Stetson University Michigan State University Dhahran Ahliyya Schools – Saudi Arabia

Individual Members

Nancy Arnold – The Art Institutes, Boston

Ethos Staff:
CAI-L@clemson.edu

Aaron Monson: Writer / Editor Teddi Fishman: Executive Editor