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# Shear box

Tests

Usually the size of the sample size of 60 mm x 60 mm. To test granular materials such as gravel or rocky clay. porous discs can be placed on his back if necessary to allow the sample drain. In principle. sometimes a larger dimension is used also    box in external box skru motorized loading  loading screw motor  hanger load  load   dial gauge Yoke  pressure plate . the larger box is needed. horizontally in the middle of the soil samples. Land gripped the bars of metal. This apparatus contains a copper box. However.Introduction Shear box test is a test to determine the shear strength of soils. this test is to determine the failure strength on a surface that has been set. which is 300mm x 300 mm.

OBJECTIVE Student should be able to:  describes the shear box tests and determine the soil shear strength parameters .

Theory The strength of a soil depends of its resistance to shearing stresses. Compact the soil sample in mould after bringing it to optimum moisture condition 3. Assemble the shear box 2. Carefully transfer the sample into shear box τf = c’ + σ’f tan ø’ Where c’ = apparent cohesion of soil in terms of effective stresses σ'f = effective normal stress on failure plane ø’ = angle of shearing resistance of soil in terms of effective stresses σ'f = σf – uf uf = pore water pressure on failure plane . It is made up of basically the Components. 2. τf = c + σf tan ø Where τf = shearing resistance of soil at failure c = apparent cohesion of soil σf = total normal stress on failure plane ø = angle of shearing resistance of soil (angle of internal friction) This equation can also be written in terms of effective stresses. Frictional – due to friction between individual particles. 1. Cohesive .due to adhesion between the soil particles The two components are combined in Coulomb’s shear strength equation. 1.

Equipment Shear Box Apparatus with ADU Dial gauge. Load Pan Balance – sensitive to 0.1 gram .

67 50.10045 SHEAR STRESS P/A (kN/m2) 0 5.0 1.0574 0.09225 0.DATA AND ANALYSIS DEFORMATION DIAL 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 ΔL (mm) x 0.30 27.20 26.05125 0.90 27.0 2.67 100.90 STRAIN ε = ΔL/LO 0 8.01845 0.0 9.0 12.93 21.30 27. P (kN) 0 0.0 3.10045 0.0 10.65 17.10045 0.04305 0.97 10.63 26.5 2.33 141.5 11.0287 0.00 83.90 27.21 23.96 14.10045 0.5 3.09635 0.0861 0.65 18.33 166.01 0 0.5 5.90 27.5 9.06355 0.90 27.33 91.33 116.67 125.07175 0.67 25.07 22.34 15.33 .5 PROVING RING DIAL 0 9 14 18 21 25 28 31 31 32 35 37 39 41 42 45 46 47 48 48 49 49 49 49 49 49 LOAD.10045 0.5 10.33 191.0 11.13 7.0 5.76 27.00 183.67 150.67 175.10045 0.0 8.06355 0.92 25.0943 0.67 200.00 108.00 58.00 133.5 6.90 27.33 66.0984 0.08405 0.07995 0.00 158.5 1.67 75.0 4.5 4.00 208.94 17.35 23.0 7.0984 0.33 41.07585 0.00 33.25 11.0369 0.5 7.33 16.20 19.0 6.5 12.5 8.0656 0.

33 91.0 PROVING RING DIAL 0 5 13 15 16 23 28 33 37 40 43 46 48 50 52 54 55 56 57 58 58 58 58 LOAD.33 28.11685 0.1189 SHEAR STRESS P/A (kN/m2) 0 2.5 1.0574 0.1189 0.5 2.0328 0.5 5.49 26.03 33.5 3.0 9. P (kN) 0 0.67 75.0 4.00 58.33 66.85 7.5 10.78 24.02665 0.00 183.07585 0.08815 0.67 125.0 7.94 18.0 10.11 13.03 STRAIN ε = ΔL/LO 0 8.0 5.61 30.03 33.00 83.5 6.1025 0.0 6.06765 0.04715 0.0 3.40 8.67 50.0 2.33 16.19 27.5 11.1107 0.11275 0.67 175.1189 0.54 9.00 133.46 33.33 166.67 100.33 .67 150.67 25.01 0 0.03075 0.0 1.DEFORMATION DIAL 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 ΔL (mm) x 0.33 116.33 141.0 8.00 158.082 0.32 31.00 33.5 4.07 22.1189 0.1066 0.10 15.89 32.75 31.5 9.03 33.5 8.00 108.0943 0.0984 0.01025 0.79 21.1148 0.47 29.33 41.5 7.

35 26.1599 0.50 23.5 3.1558 0.67 25.42 44.56 45.33 116.05125 0.0369 0.5 13.28 44.16195 0.17 37.5 7.33 141.83 10.00 42.65 20.56 45.5 5.01 38.01 0 0.0 5.56 STRAIN ε = ΔL/LO 0 8.00 208.0 10.00 183.00 133.164 SHEAR STRESS P/A (kN/m2) 0 4.5 2.00 108.33 91.164 0.1025 0.0164 0.00 45.67 125.13735 0.03 34.67 50.0943 0.1107 0.1189 0.5 10.5 4.33 41.67 .5 8.0 3.25 14.15 39.5 6.06355 0.13325 0.56 6.00 58.5 1.71 43.0 12. P (kN) 0 0.33 166.67 75.08405 0.0246 0.14145 0.0 6.1599 0.19 28.1476 0.56 45.0 4.33 216.67 200.0 9.15375 0.14555 0.164 0.67 175.43 41.24 17.00 158.33 16.0 8.123 0.47 30.42 45.0 1.0 11.5 11.0 2.0 PROVING RING DIAL 0 8 12 18 25 31 36 41 46 50 54 58 60 65 67 69 71 72 75 76 78 78 79 80 80 80 80 LOAD.DEFORMATION DIAL 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 450 500 550 600 650 700 750 800 850 900 950 1000 1050 1100 1150 1200 1250 1300 ΔL (mm) x 0.67 100.0 7.00 33.67 150.33 66.33 191.29 40.164 0.5 9.00 83.5 12.0738 0.75 33.

00 .1 kN 15 15 x 10 1000 = 0. σ (kN) (normal stress) Maximum Shear Stress.05 kN 10 10 x 10 1000 = 0.15 kN 28.00 33.Table Maximum Value For Load Load. P (kg) Load. Ґ У = mx + C Ґ = tan θσ + C 5 5 x 10 1000 = 0.00 46.

this test is to determine the failure strength on a surface that has been set. the importance of shear box test is to determine the shear strength of soil on the surface and it can be test by other test that can determine the failure strength. shear box test is an example test used to determine the shear strength of soils. . In principle.CONCLUTION The conclusion is. However.

FajarBaktiSdn. Standard aggregate sieve analysis TEST. (July 2008) ASTM C136-06. concrete laboratory.org/ 3. Mazlan Mohammad Abdul Hamid. 2.(2006). . (2007). Norliza Muhammad.astm.Standards Worldwide. Gradation Test. ASTM International . Characterisation of bulk solids. 2005. Bhd. . Donald Mcglinchey. NorlizaMuhammad. CRC Press DT Afrika. retrived from http://www.Reference 1.