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By Maribel Ayos Affective Behavior # 1: Students’ reading interests. Most learning includes reading and the better our students read, the easier it is for them to learn. There is not enough time to do all the reading in school, so we need to encourage our students to read outside of school. What our students have the opportunity to read in school years has both good and bad profound, lifelong effects. “For students of every ability and background, it’s the simple, miraculous act of reading a good book that turns them into readers, because even for the least experienced, most reluctant reader, it’s the one good book that changes everything. The job of adults who care about reading is to move heaven and earth to put that book into a child’s hands.” Atwell (2007).

Affective Behavior # 2: Oral Presentation Confidence. Effective oral presentation skills are essential in social, educational, and professional life. Oral communication and public speaking are two of the most important abilities in our 21st century environment and crucial to our students’ success in their future careers. As Rittel and Webber (1973) point out, “The

problems that scientists and engineers have usually focused upon are mostly "tame" or "benign" ones’, that is, problems with a definite solution such as connecting two sides of a valley via a road bridge or creating superconducting materials. Solving such problems has allowed industrial progress to forge ahead. However, the problems that industrial progress has led to (climate change, resource depletion, ecosystem degradation, over-consumption, alienation from nature etc.) are wicked problems. Solving such problems requires a different approach to the one which created them in the first place, and increasingly, highly interactive oral communication is seen as playing an important role in providing joined-up responses in a timescale appropriate to the rapid pace of change in the 21st century”.

Writing is important because it is used broadly in higher not only in education but also in the workplace. & Melvin.” said one respondent. Dilemmas in a General Theory of Planning. . “In most cases. or it could be your ticket out. (2007). National Commission on Writing. I display minimal eye contact with my classmates when I make an oral presentation REFERENCES Atwell. The National Commission on Writing (2004) reported “Writing is a “threshold skill” for both employment and promotion. .” ORAL PRESENTATIONS CONFIDENCE INVENTORY Statements If asked to make an oral report in class. Or a Ticket Out. Writing: A Ticket to Work . (2004). particularly for salaried employees. reports. The reading zone. Policy Sciences 4:155-169 Strongly Somewhat Somewhat Strongly Disagree Disagree Agree Agree .Affective Behavior # 3: Student’s writing attitudes. memos. I know I can do it well. When making an oral presentation I hold attention of entire audience with the use of direct eye contact. . When giving an oral presentation to my classmates I feel confident I do not feel confident when I make an oral presentation. Scholastic. writing ability could be your ticket in . proposals. and much more are part of the daily life of a college student or successful graduate. (1973). Half the responding companies report that they take writing into consideration when hiring professional employees. Rittel. The majority of professional communication is done in writing: e-mails. I am not very good at giving oral presentations to my classmates. preliminary interviews. W. A survey of business leaders. H. . N. applications.