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PZ- 1000 DI STANCE PROTECTI ON RELAY

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The PZ1000 family of relays are digital distance protection devices especially suitable
for primary protection of simple or double overhead transmission and subtransmission
lines (high & medium voltage). Their advanced multiprocessor design and rapid signal
processing algorithms make them fast acting and safe. They maintain the reliability and
performance required to handle transmission and distribution networks.
The family is made up of 3 groups of equipment: advanced, intermediate, and basic,
with different functions, which enable more or less advanced applications to be imple-
mented.
PZ1000-A (Advanced): The PZ1000-A features a full range of protection functions
which enable it to be used in applications of all types, including transmission lines. It
has 4 MHO characteristic zones plus 5 quadrangular characteristic zones for
phase-phase and phase-earth faults. It also has pilot protection schemes, breaker
failure protection and stub protection.
PZ1000-I (Intermediate): The PZ1000-I is the intermediate protection device in the
PZ1000 family. It has 3 MHO characteristic zones for phase-phase and phase-earth
faults. It also has overvoltage unit, a triple pole recloser and syncrocheck. These fea-
tures enable it to be used for primary and/or back-up protection in transmission and
sub-transmission lines.
PZ1000-B (Basic): The PZ1000-B is the basic protection device in the PZ1000 family.
It comprises 2 forward MHO characteristic zones for phase-phase and phase-earth
faults, and an additional directional overcurrent unit for phases and neutral. This model
can be used to protect sub-transmission lines.
The following characteristics are common to all three units:
• Trip and close circuit supervision (highly useful for system maintenance work).
• Measurement of electrical magnitudes, events, fault reports, oscillograph data
recorder, fault locator, local & long-distance communications, etc., enabling them
to be applied in a wide range of installations.
• Possibility of integration in IPC (Integrated Protection & Control) systems through an
open protocol.
• One front serial port and two rear serial ports for local or remote communications.
• Time synchronisation via demodulated IRIG-B.
• Front panel with 12 programmable LEDs and one red/green LED indicating protec-
tion status, plus display and keyboard, enabling information on protection to be
seen and modified.
• 4 front push-button for breaker maneuver.
• The advanced model has more digital inputs and outputs and also has 4 fast digi-
tal outputs for pilot protection.
INTRODUCTION
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PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
3
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
The PZ1000-A is the most advanced member of the PZ1000
family. It incorporates 4 MHO and/or quadrangular trip charac-
teristic zones and a 5
th
additional quadrangular zone for phase-
phase and phase-earth faults plus pilot protection schemes,
supervision alarms (pole by pole) and other functions, making it
a top level distance protection.
It also has a breaker failure protection unit and a single pole/triple
pole recloser with up to 4 shots and an increased number of
inputs/outputs. Breaker monitor functions, number of trips, etc.
work pole by pole.
Hardware
4 analogue inputs for voltage and 4 for current (closed
terminals, under request)
16 programmable digital inputs
20 programmable digital outputs: 9 for trips and 11 for sig-
nalling
4 fast outputs for pilot protection
PZ1000-A (Advanced)
Distance protection
Distance protection (21P/21N) with 4 MHO and 5 quadran-
gular zones for phase-phase and phase-earth faults: 1for-
ward zone, 1 backward zone and 3 programmable forward
/ backward
Zone 1 extension
Negative sequence directional
Pilot protection schemes (85) (by fast outputs or by serial
communication)
Enable by single-phase and phase-phase overcurrent
(50P/50PP)
Fuse failure (68FF)
Power swing (68PS)
Load encroachment (68LE)
Switch-onto-fault (SOF)
Other protections
Phase and neutral directional overcurrent (67/67N) (2 units)
Overvoltage (59) and undervoltage (27)
Breaker failure protection (pole by pole) (50BF)
Stub protection
Thermal image (49)
Current unbalance (46/67Q)
Homopolar overvoltage (59N)
Monitoring
Breaker monitor (pole by pole)
Excessive number of trips (pole by pole)
Trip and close circuit supervision (pole by pole) (74TC/CC)
Open phase alarm
CT´s monitoring
Automatisms and commands
Single pole / triple pole recloser (79)
Syncrocheck (25)
Dead line detection (DLD)
Open and close commands
Pole discrepancy
Programmable logic functions
Data acquisition
V, I, P, Q, cosϕ, frequency and energy measurement
Oscillograph data recorder
Event records
Fault records
Historical reports
Demand maximeter
Fault locator (FL)
Settings
The relay has 4 independent setting groups
Functions
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PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
The PZ1000-I protection is the intermediate version of the
PZ1000 family. It has 3 MHO characteristic zones for both
phase-phase and phase-earth faults.
It also includes phase overvoltage and undervoltage protection,
a triple pole recloser with up to 4 shots and a syncrocheck unit.
Hardware
4 analogue inputs for voltage and 4 for current (closed
terminals, under request)
8 programmable digital inputs
12 programmable digital outputs
PZ1000-I (Intermediate)
Distance protection
Distance protection (21P/21N) with 2 forward zones and 1
programmable forward/backward zone with MHO type trip
characteristic for phase-phase and phase-earth faults.
Zone 1 extension
Negative sequence directional
Enable by single-phase and phase-phase overcurrent
(50P/50PP)
Fuse failure (68FF)
Load encroachment (68LE)
Switch-onto-fault (SOF)
Other protections
Phase and neutral directional overcurrent (67/67N)
Overvoltage (59) and Undervoltage (27)
Thermal image (49)
Current unbalance (46/67Q)
Homopolar overvoltage (59N)
Monitoring
Breaker monitor
Excessive number of trips
Trip and close circuit supervision (74TC/CC)
Open phase alarm
CT´s monitoring
Automatisms and commands
Triple pole recloser (79)
Syncrocheck (25)
Dead line detection (DLD)
Open and close commands
Programmable logic functions
Data acquisition
V, I, P, Q, cosϕ, frequency and energy measurement
Oscillograph data recorder
Event records
Fault records
Historical reports
Demand maximeter
Fault locator (FL)
Setting groups
The relay has 4 independent setting groups
Functions
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
The PZ1000-B protection device is the basic version of the
PZ1000 family. It has two MHO characteristic zones for phase-
phase and phase-earth faults. It is used mainly to protect sub-
transmission lines.
PZ1000-B (Basic)
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Distance protection
Distance protection (21P/21N) with 2 basic forward zones
with MHO type trip characteristic, for phase-phase and
phase-earth faults.
Zone 1 extension
Negative sequence directional
Enable by single-phase and phase-phase overcurrent
(50P/50PP)
Fuse failure (68FF)
Load encroachment (68LE)
Switch-onto-fault (SOF)
Other protections
Phase and neutral directional overcurrent (67/67N)
Thermal image (49)
Current unbalance (46/67Q)
Monitoring
Breaker monitor
Trip and close circuit supervision (74TC/CC)
CT´s monitoring
Automatisms and commands
Dead line detection (DLD)
Open and close commands
Programmable logic functions
Data acquisition
V, I, P, Q, cosϕ, frequency and energy measurement
Oscillograph data recorder
Event records
Fault records
Historical report
Demand maximeter
Fault locator (FL)
Setting groups
The relay has 4 independent setting groups
Functions
It includes various distance protection supervision functions and
a directional overcurrent protection as a back-up.
Hardware
3 analogue inputs for voltage and 4 for current (closed
terminals, under request)
8 programmable digital inputs
12 programmable digital outputs
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
Extension of zone 1
Zone 4 is used for tripping and pilot protection
The use of direct sequence voltage as polarization, produces
a backward expansion of MHOs.
Directional overcurrent units
The PZ1000 has 2 additional protection units for phase directio-
nal overcurrent and for neutral directional overcurrent as bac-
kups for the main distance units, thus increasing the operational
reliability of the relay.
Overvoltage / Undervoltage units
The PZ1000 has two three-phase voltage units: one for overvol-
tage and the other for undervoltage. Each phase is analysed
separately.
Homopolar overvoltage
This function protects against faults to earth.
Breaker failure protection
This device cuts in if the “switch open” signal is not received wit-
hin a programmable time of the order to open being received, or
if current continues to flow.
Stub protection
This protects against faults between current transformers and
line isolators configured with a breaker and a half scheme. It is
an overcurrent unit which is activated when the line isolator is
open.
Thermal image
It protects the line against thermal overloads, calculating the
temperature depending on the current and recent load condi-
tions of the protected unit.
Current unbalance
This device protects the line against unbalances produced in the
current as consequence of power system anomalies or unba-
lance loads. This function is selected by setting as directional or
no directional.
All these characteristics are supported by other protection
and supervision functions which ensure the safe operation of
the protection device.
Negative sequence directional unit
All impedance units are supervised by a negative sequence
directional unit which indicates the direction of the fault.
Pilot protection schemes
Via communication with other terminals, the following protection
schemes are possible:
I
Staggered trip
I
Permissive overreach: POTT
I
Permissive underreach: PUTT
I
Directional block: DCB
I
Directional unblock: DCUB
Additional schemes:
I
ECHO (for permissive schemes)
I
Reverse direction blocking
I
Weak infeed
I
Direct transfer trip
The pilot protection is executed via digital inputs or serial com-
munication
Enable by single-phase and phase-phase overcurrent
This enables the distance unit if the current exceeds pre-set sin-
gle-phase or phase-phase thresholds.
Fuse failure
This blocks the distance unit if the disappearance of any voltage
is detected. The directional unit and/or the voltage unit can also
be locked depending on settings.
Power swing
This blocks the phase-phase distance units and gives power
swing trip, if power oscillation is detected.
Load encroachment
This blocks the phase-phase distance units if the impedance
detected is within the load zone defined by the user.
Switch-Onto-Fault
This sets off an instant non directional three-phase trip when the
switch closes on a fault in the line.
DISTANCE PROTECTION
OTHER PROTECTION
FUNCTIONS
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Breaker monitoring (for each pole)
An event is generated when the SkI
2
meter for any phase exce-
eds the threshold set.
Trip and close circuit supervision (for each pole)
This detects any anomaly in the circuits with the switch open or
closed.
Excessive number of trips (for each pole)
This generates an event and sends a signal to the control unit
when the trips per phase exceed a preset number in a set time.
It blocks the recloser when the set number is exceeded.
Open phase alarm
This sets off an alarm when an open phase is detected.
CT´s monitoring
This generates an alarm when detecting a failure in a current
input channel (only for models with In calculated in the own line).
Single pole/triple pole recloser
Programmable up to 4 shots
The first shot is single/triple pole and the rest are triple pole
(single pole only on PZ1000-A)
Different times for each shot
Operation counter for each shot
Engaged/disengaged by setting, input and
communications
Syncrocheck
This function compares the voltage signals for one phase (in
modulus and argument) on both sides of the switch, and permits
the switch to be closed when the pre-set conditions are met. It
can be used for both manual and automatic closing.
The angle difference is calculated compensating the breaker´s
closing time.
Dead line detection (DLD)
This function detects the disconnected phases of a line, genera-
ting a signal.
Pole discrepancy
This unit checks the pole status concordance, causing three pole
opening after exceeding the set time with any pole (not the three)
opened.
Programmable logic functions
The user can configure up to 6 logic signals which can be assig-
ned to output relays and LEDs via the SIPCON Protections soft-
ware.
MONITORING FUNCTIONS
AUTOMATISMS AND COMANDS
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Measurement
The PZ1000 protection relay measures the following magnitudes
in real time:
Per phase and neutral currents (1%)
Average current (1%)
Single and compound voltages per phase (0,5%)
Average single and compound voltages (0,5%)
Frequency (0,01Hz)
Active and reactive power levels and power factor (1%)
Two-way energy (Class 5)
Note1: Other accuracies on demand.
Note2: Depending on models, equipments include external battery
voltage measurement.
Oscillograph data recorder
Depending on the model, the non volatile memories of PZ1000
units can store:
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20 records for 30 cycles
I
10 records for 60 cycles
Each record comprises the samples from 8 analogue signals
and the status of 16 selectable digital signals
Tripping and preliminary start-up are configurable
The disturbances are collected and exported in COMTRADE
format.
Event records
Queue of 200 events stored in non volatile memory can be reco-
vered in text format on PC.
Each event is accompanied by:
I
Date and time of occurrence
I
Descriptive code of event
I
Level of electrical parameters (voltage and current) at the time
of occurrence
Fault records
The last 9 faults are stored in the non volatile memory with the
following data:
I
Date and time of start-up, beginning and end of fault
I
Pre-fault and fault levels of electrical parameters
I
Duration and type of fault
I
Units engaged
I
Fault distance
I
Trip zone and / or pilot trip
Historical reports
A queue of 100 historical reports is stored in the non volatile
memory, covering maximum and minimum average current and
average voltage levels within a programmable time window.
Fault locator
The fault locator processes the information gathered on each fault
and calculates the distance to the fault location.
Self-testing
The PZ1000 digital protection relay runs the following ongoing
self-diagnostic checks:
Software running
Power supply voltage
Hardware
Picking-up of measurements
Failures detected by self-testing, are signalled by any of the dou-
ble outputs (configurable).
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
DATA ACQUISITION
The PZ1000 units have the following user communication ele-
ments:
Display / keyboard
Featuring:
2 line, 16-character LCD
16-key keyboard
12 programmable LED indicators and 1 two-colour alarm LED
4 push-button that can be deactivated by setting:
This permits:
Displaying of inputs, measurements, dates and times, statisti-
cal data and latest fault.
Displaying and modification of settings and active table, assig-
nation of inputs, outputs and LED’s.
Comunications
The unit has:
1 front serial port
2 rear serial ports (1 optional), for local and/or remote access to
protection and monitoring information.
These outputs can provide all the information available on the
protection device, and can be used to modify settings of all types
via SIPCON-protections software by TEAM ARTECHE.
The PZ1000-A also features an optional rear series output for
pilot protection.
MAN-MACHINE INTERFACE
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TEAM ARTECHE uses the SIPCON-Protections program, devel-
oped for PCs running under WINDOWS. This program allows
clear, simple dialogue with the unit for access to the information
stored in it and for adjustment.
All configuration accesses are password protected to prevent
tampering by unauthorised personnel.
The outstanding features of the SIPCON-Protections program
include the following:
Automatic detection of the unit with which it is in dialogue.
Unit status display via status screens
Presentation and modification of settings
Filling and presentation of all information stored by the relay:
events, faults, historical data, oscilloscope readings, etc.
SIPCON Protections is compatible with the software used in
TEAM ARTECHE´s integrated protection and monitoring sys-
tems, and can be incorpora-ted into them as just one more func-
tion module.
SOFTWARE
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
Breaker closure
Breaker open
Local / Remote
Maneuver permission
The illustration shows the application of a PZ1000-A relay to
protect overhead lines powered from both ends.
In this protection scheme the pilot protection function is used. If
rapid clearance on 100% of the line is not needed, model
PZ1000-I, which does not have remote protection, can be used.
The illustration shows the application of an advanced model
PZ1000-A unit, to protect a breaker and a half scheme, in wich
stub protection is used to protect against faults between current
transformers and the isolator, when that isolator is open.
The existence of three switches and the need for a breaker fai-
lure unit, recloser and syncrocheck for each of them, is handled
by using TEAM ARTECHE´s PL-70 single function devices:
PL-70 SY: For the syncrocheck function.
PL-70 FI: For the breaker failure function.
PL-70 IT: For the recloser function.
APLICATIONS
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PROTECTION OF OVERHEAD LINES WITH POWER SUPPLY FROM BOTH ENDS
STUB PROTECTION
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
DISTANCE PROTECTION (21)
Settings Range Step
Phase to earth Zones 1 to 4 (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Phase to phase Zones 1 to 4 (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Note: Settings for all 4 zones are independient
MHO Reach
Settings Range Step
Phase to earth reactance Zones 1 to 5 (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Phase to earth resistance Zones 1 to 5 (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Phase to phase reactance Zones 1 to 5 (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Phase to phase resistance Zones 1 to 5 (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Note: Settings for all 4 zones are independient
Settings Range Step
Zone 1 modulus 0.01-50.00 0.01
Zone 1 angle (deg) 0-359
0
1
0
Zone 2 modulus 0.01-50.00 0.01
Zone 2 angle (deg) 0-359
0
1
0
Other zones modulus 0.01-50.00 0.01
Other zones angle (deg) 0-359
0
1
0
Mutual comp. zone 1 KMO modulus 0.01-300.00 0.01
Mutual comp. zone 1 KMO angle 0-359
0
1
0
Mutual comp. zone 2 KMO modulus 0.01-300.00 0.01
Mutual comp. zone 2 KMO angle 0-359
0
1
0
Mutual comp. other zones KMO modulus 0.01-300.00 0.01
Mutual comp. other zones KMO angle 0-359
0
1
0
Cuadrilateral Reach
Zero Sequence Compensation
Settings Range Step
Zone 1 phase to earth (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 2 phase to earth (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 3 phase to earth (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 4 phase to earth (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 5 phase to earth (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 1 phase to phase (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 2 phase to phase (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 3 phase to phase (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 4 phase to phase (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Zone 5 phase to phase (s) 0.0-100 0.01
Timming
Settings
Phase to earth fault unit MHO, Cuadrilateral
MHO & cuadrilateral, none
Phase to phase fault unit MHO, Cuadrilateral
MHO & cuadrilateral, none
Single pole trip YES/NO
General Setting
Settings
Enable (independient) YES/NO
Single phase threshold (A) (0.2-30) In 0.1
Phase-phase threshold (A) (0.2-30) In 0.1
Def. time (s) (independient) 0.00-10 0.01
Settings Range
Zone 2 No
Fordward
Backward with trip
Backward without trip
Zone 3 No
Fordward
Backward with trip
Backward without trip
Zone 4 No
Backward with trip
Backward without trip
Zone 5 No
Fordward
Backward
Non-directional
Single Phase / Phase-Phase Overcurrent
Settings Range Step
Scheme type - Staggered trip
- Permissive overreach
- Permissive underreach
- Directional block
- Directional unblock
RTP input dropout time 0.00-1.00 0.01
Block additional delay (s) 0.00-1.00 0.01
Loss of guard delay 0.00-0.15 0.01
ECHO enabled YES/NO
Min. RTP delay fo ECHO (s) 0.00-10 0.01
Reverse zone block enable YES/NO
Reverse zone block delay 0.00-10 0.01
Weak infeed enable YES/NO
Direct trip enable YES/NO
Pilot Protection Schemes
Overreaching Direction
Settings Range Step
Enable YES
NO
YES + Z5
YES - Z5
Inner X (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Inner R (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Outer X (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Outer R (Ω) 0.01-300.00 0.01
Direct sequence threshold (A) (0.2-30) In 0.1
Activation time (s) 0.01-50.00 0.01
Imax threshold (A) (0.2-30) In 0.1
I2/Imax ratio 10-50 0.1
Z1, Z2, Z3, Z4, Z5 zone lockout YES/NO
Power Swing (68PS)
SETTINGS
10
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
Settings Range Step
Enable YES/NO
Negative seq. threshold (V) 10.00-165.00 0.1
Negative seq. threshold (A) (0.2-30) In 0.1
Fuse Failure (68FF)
Settings Range Step
Enable YES/NO
Negative sequence threshold (V) 10.00-165.00 0.1
Negative sequence threshold (A) (0.2-30) In 0.1
Open Phase Alarm
Settings Range Step
Enable YES/NO
I1 threshold (A) (0.2-30) In 0.1
Impedance (Ω)
(indepen. forward & reverse)
0.01-300 0.1
Angle + (gnd)
(indepen. forward & reverse)
0-359
0
1
0
Angle - (gnd)
(indepen. forward & reverse)
0-359
0
1
0
Load Enroachment (68LE)
Settings Range Step
Enable NO
YES+Z2
YES+Z5
Positive sequence threshold (V) 10.00-165.00 0.1
Positive sequence threshold (A) (0.2-30) In 0.1
Switch-Onto-Fault
PHASE AND NEUTRAL DIRECTIONAL ELE-
MENTS (67)
RECLOSER (79)
Settings Range Step
Reclose type selection Single pole, triple pole, sin-
gle/triple pole, dependent
Number of programmed shots 1-4 1
Single pole 1
st
shot time (s)
0.1-20 0.1
Triple pole 1
st
shot time (s)
0.1-20 0.1
2
nd
shot time (s)
1-300 0.1
3
rd
shot time (s)
1-300 0.1
4
th
shot time (s)
1-300 0.1
Sec. t. after single pole closing 1-300 0.1
Sec. t. after triple pole closing 1-300 0.1
Sec. t. after manual pole closing 1-100 0.1
Synchronism time delay (s) 1-300 0.1
CLOSURE PERMISSION AFTER TRIP
Settings Range Step
Zone 1 YES/NO
Zone 2 YES/NO
Zone 3 YES/NO
Zone 4 YES/NO
Phase inst. YES/NO
Phase timed YES/NO
Neutral inst. YES/NO
Neutral timed YES/NO
Enable extension zone 1 YES/NO
Ext. factor of zone 1 phase to phase fault 0.1-3 0.1
Ext. factor of zone 1 phase to earth fault 0.1-3 0.1
Inst. neutral locking after monopolar trip YES/NO
1
st
timed neutral locking after monopolar trip
YES/NO
Inst. unbalance locking after monopolar trip YES/NO
Timed unbalance locking after monopolar trip YES/NO
Settings Range Step
Timed enable NO, YES, YES + Dropout
Timed pickup (0.2-4) In 0.1
Response type Definite time
Normal inverse IEC
Very inverse IEC
Extr. inverse IEC
User IEC (mod.)
Normal inverse ANSI
Very inverse ANSI
Extr. inverse ANSI
User ANSI (mod.)
Time index
ANSI
IEC-BSC
0.5-30
0.05-1.09
0.1
0.01
Definite time 0-100 0.1
Torque control YES/NO
Instantaneous enable YES/NO
Instantaneous pickup (0.2-30) In 0.1
Instantaneous additional time 0-10 0.01
Torque control YES/NO
Negative/zero sequence angle 0-359
0
1
0
Directional lockout Vpol <
No Vpol <
FF or Vpol <
No FF or Vpol <
OVERVOLTAGE (59) AND
UNDERVOLTAGE (27)
BREAKER FAILURE (50BF)
Settings Range Step
Phase Overvoltage trip 50-165 0.1
Phase Undervoltage trip 10-150 0.1
Definite time (s) (independient) 0.00-10 0.01
Settings Range Step
Enable YES/NO
Phase restore (A) (0.1-30) In 0.1
Definite time (s) 0.05-10 0.01
STUB PROTECTION (PHASE/NEUTRAL)
Settings Range Step
Enable YES/NO
Trip (0.2-30) In 0.1
Additional time (s) 0-10 0.01
SETTINGS
11
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
DEAD LINE DETECTION
Settings Range Step
Enabling YES/NO
Minimum voltage threshold (V) 10-165 1
Minimum current threshold (S) (10-200) % In 0.01
THERMAL IMAGE (49)
Settings Range Step
Enabling YES/NO
Heating ratio (min.) 3-60 1
Cooling ratio (min.) 3-180 1
Alarm threshold (%) 60-100 1
Minimum current (A) 0.2 - 6.0 0.1
Settings Range Step
Timed enable YES / NO
Timed pickup (0.2-4) In 0.1
Response type Definite time
Normal inverse IEC
Very inverse IEC
Extr. inverse IEC
User IEC (mod.)
Normal inverse ANSI
Very inverse ANSI
Extr. inverse ANSI
User ANSI (mod.)
ITime index
ANSI
IEC-BSC
0.5-30
0.05-1.09
0.1
0.01
Definite time 0-100 0,1
Torque control YES/NO
Instantaneous enable YES/NO
Instantaneous pickup (0.2-20) In 0.1
Instantaneous additional time 0-10 0.01
CURRENT UNBALANCE (46)
Settings Range Step
Timed enable YES/NO
Timed pickup 2-200 0.1
Type of timed response Equal to 67 function
Time index
ANSI
IEC-BSC
0.5-30
0.05-1.09
0.1
0.01
Definite time 0-100 0.1
Instantaneous enable YES/N0
Instantaneous pickup 2-200 0.1
Additional instantaneous time 0-10 0.01
HOMOPOLAR OVERVOLTAGE UNIT (59N)
Power supply
• Voltages
24 Vdc: 19 - 35 Vdc
48 Vdc: 37 - 77 Vdc
125 Vdc: 90 - 160 Vdc
220 Vdc: 165 - 280 Vdc
• Ripple: 20 % over rated
• Burden: 25 W max.
AC current inputs
• Thermal capacity for 1 0r 5 A circuits
Continuous: 20 A
For 1s: 500 A
For
1
/
2
cycle: 1250 A
• Burden for In=5 A: 0.25 VA
• Burden for In=1 A: 0.03 VA
Programmable phase order: ABC or CBA
AC voltage inputs
• Thermal capacity:
Continuous: 2 x Vn
For 1 min: 3 x Vn
• Burden Vn: 0.01VA
Output contacts
Programmable trip relays:
• Carry: 8 A continuous
• Make (0.5 s): 30A
• Breaking capacity (L/R = 40 ms):
48V: 0.5A
125V: 0.3A
220V: 0.2A
Programmable auxiliary relays:
• Carry (continuous): 10A
• Make (0.5 s): 30A
• Breaking capacity (L/R = 40ms):
48V: 0.3A
125V: 0.2A
REED relays for pilot protection:
• Maximum voltage: 200Vdc
• Carry: 0.5A
• Breaking capacity (Resistive): 10W
• Open/close time: 0.5ms
Optical signals
• 12 programmable red LEDs
• 1 two color LED for self-testing
Digital inputs
• 8/16 programmable
• Voltage range:
For 24 - 48 Vdc: 20 - 160 Vdc
For 110 - 125 - 220 Vdc: 86 - 280 Vdc
• Inactive below:
For 24 - 48 Vdc: 13 Vdc
For 110 - 125 - 220 Vdc: 50 Vdc
• Burden: 3 mA
Accuracy
• Protection: 3 %
Communication ports
• Front port: RS-232-C
• Rear ports:
Port 2: Protection and control
Port 3 (optional): Protection and control
Port 4 (optional): Teleprotection
• Port types:
RS-232-C
Connector RS-232-C: DTE 9 pin female D
type
Cable type: Shielded
Cable length: 15m max.
Isolation: 500V
RS-485
Connector RS485: DTE 9 pin female D
type
Cable type: Shielded crossed
Cable length: 1000m max.
Isolation: 500 V
Glass F.O.
Connector GFO: ST
Wavelength: 820 nm
Allowed attenuation: 8db with 62,5/125
mm glass F.O.
Multimode glass F.O.: 62,5/125 mm
Maximun distance: 1,25 Km
Plastic F.O.
Connector PFO: Standard of HP
Wavelength: 660 nm
Allowed attenuation: 24,7 db with 1mm
plastic cable
22 db with 200 mm silica cable
Maximun distance: 115 mm with 1mm
plastic cable
1,9 Km with 200 mm silica cable
Note: Port 4, O.F. or RS232.
• Baud rate: 300-38400bps.
• Communication protocols: IEC 870-5 PROCOME
(Optional depending on model: IEC 870-5-103, DNP 3.0,
MODBUS RTU).
Time synchronization
• Demodulated IRIG-B input.
• Using protocols (Serial ports 1,2 and 3).
• Clock with backup battery.
Environmental features
• Operating temperature: -10ºC / 55ºC
Optional depending on models: -20ºC /
75ºC
• Storage temperature: -40ºC / 85ºC
• Realtive humidity: Until 95% without condensation.
Mechanical features
• Realy weight: 6.5Kg
• Standard front IP: IP40
• Optional front IP: IP52
TECHNICAL CHARACTERISTICS
12
REAR VIEW
Pin type terminals
Closed terminals - for analog inputs
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
Since it was founded, TEAM ARTECHE
has committed itself to complying with
the guideline laid out in its quality policy,
oriented towards the continuous
improvement of its products and ser-
vices in each and every one of its activi-
ties, in order to obtain complete client
satisfaction.
The ISO 9001 international certificate
shows that the design, manufacturing
and service provided by TEAM ARTECHE
follow the most secure and stringent con-
trol and supervision procedures.
Every unit manufactured by TEAM
ARTECHE is designed to operate under
severe electrical substation and indus-
trial plant conditions, complying with the
most exigent electromagnetic, environ-
mental and mechanical tests, thus incor-
porating the CE mark of electromagne-
tic compliance.
QUALITY POLICY
13
STANDARDS AND TESTS
Electrical:
Immunity to electrostatic discharges IEC 255-22-2 class IV 8 kV contact discharge
16 kV air discharge
Immunity to fast transient bursts IEC 255-22-4 class IV 4 kV
Immunity to voltage pulses IEC 1000-4-5 class IV 4 kV in common mode
2 kV in differential mode
Immunity to 1 MHz damped wave IEC 255-22-1 class III 2.5 kV in common mode
1 kV in differential mode
Measurement of insulation resistance IEC 255-5 according to standard
Measurement of dielectric rigidity IEC 255-5 class III 2 kV ac
Measurement of insulation with voltage pulses IEC 255-5 class III 5 kV, 1.2/50 ms
Electromagnetic:
Measurement of radiated electromagnetic Interference EN 50081-2 class A - group 1
/EN 55011
Immunity to radiated radiofrequency fields IEC 1000-4-3 class III 10 V/m, 26-1000 MHz
IEC 255-22-3
Immunity to induced radiofrequency signals EN 50082-2 class III 10 V, AM modulation 1kHz
/ENV 50141 range: 0.15-80 MHz
Mechanical:
Vibration IEC 255-2-1 class I
Shock and bump IEC 255-21-2 class I
Enviromental:
Cold IEC 68-2-1 (-10ºC, 3 days)
Dry heat IEC 68-2-2 (+55ºC, 3 days)
Damp heat IEC 68-2-3 (+40ºC, 93% relative humidity)
Change of temperature IEC 68-2-14 (-10/+55ºC)
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
WIRING DIAGRAM
14
DIMENSIONS
Pin type terminals Closed terminals - for analog inputs
Wi r i n g d i a -
g r a ms : depen-
ding on model.
Consult manual.
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
SELECTION TABLE
15
MODEL PZ1000
PZ1000 - A (Advanced)
PZ1000 - B (Basic)
A
B
MODELS
OPTIONS
A
B
67N with optional current polarization (Procome)
POWER SUPPLY RATING
Z
W
Y
165-280 Vdc
80-160 Vdc
19-60 Vdc
5A
3
2
1
PHASE NOMINAL CURRENT
5A
Otros calibres
1
X
NEUTRAL NOMINAL CURRENT
Other currents
2-165V
NOMINAL VOLTAGE
B
A
1 Glass O.F.
RS232
RS485
Plastic O.F.
4
3
2
NO serial port
COMMUNICATIONS (2, 3 & 4 serial outputs)(*)
0
Extended
Normal
TEMPERATURE
E
-
1A
Other currents
PZ1000 - I (Intermediate) I
2 1A
3 0.25A
Others
X
C
Pin type Standard terminals
Closed terminals
ANALOG INPUTS TERMINALS
2
1
67N with optional current polarization (DNP) (**)
67N with fixed current polarization (DNP)
(*) Blank corresponding to each serial output must be filled independently. The serial output 4 is used only for teleprotection between
two PZ1000. The protocol of the serial output 2 can be chosen, while the protocol of the serial output 3 is always Procome.
(**) By using a setting, the measure from the transformer 4 can be used as neutral current or as polarization current for the 67N (in this
case IN is calculated).
Continuous improve-
ment of its products is
TEAM ARTECHE’s
one of the main objec-
tives, consequently,
this catalogue’s infor-
mation, can be modi-
fied without previous
advise. To get a com-
pleter information,
consult the manual or
contact our commer-
cial department.
PZ - 1000 DISTANCE PROTECTION RELAY
TA PZ1000- 09/05
Derio Bidea, 28 • 48100 MUNGIA - VIZCAYA - SPAIN
Tel.: + 34 - 94 601 89 00 • Fax: + 34 - 94 601 89 01
E-mail: teamarteche@teamarteche.com
www.teamarteche.com