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SingleSON White Paper Overview SingleSON improves the operational expense (OPEX) efficiency for multi-radio access

technology (RAT) and multi-layer SingleRAN networking, enabling operators to increase throughput requirements and implement long-term development:

In the mobile broadband era, the rapid increase in the number of smart terminals and smart terminal applications has brought explosive growth to mobile data service traffic that will continue for the next decade. LTE is now being employed on a large scale for RAT evolution, enabling possible GSM, UMTS, and LTE network coexistence. However, data service traffic distribution is unbalanced. Currently, hotspot capacity is enabled by supplementing small cell base stations (small cells), culminating in a multi-layer SingleRAN. The long-term coexistence of multi-RAT and multi-layer networking has increased network complexity exponentially. In Europe, major GSM and UMTS networks support more than 3 million neighbor relationships with 36 handover relationships After LTE network deployment, the number of neighbor relationships is estimated to reach 10 million, with the number of handover relationships reaching 64 million. Traditional network optimization methods lack the precision and rigor necessary to be effective in such a dense, complex field of base stations. Automatic multi-RAT and multi-layer network management is becoming a necessity for reduced operation and maintenance (O&M) cost and efficiency. According to Infonetics Research, total income for the top five mobile operators in the world accounts for 40% of total income for all mobile operators, as does their OPEX; however, said OPEX accounts for almost 70% of their income. If OPEX continues to increase along with network complexity, an operator’s development will almost surely be hindered. Technologies that improve OPEX efficiency and preserve

Self-organizing network (SON) technology has reduced the costs of network planning. After releasing SingleRAN in 2009. fault rectification. and evolve their high-traffic networks. deployment. maintain. helping operators efficiently operate. O&M. while also enhancing O&M efficiency across the entire network. Huawei developed the SingleSON solution. industry-wide SON research was conducted primarily on LTE networking. A unified multi-RAT and multi-layer SON solution was therefore developed to prevent an increase in the ratio of O&M costs to overall income. SingleSON's Role in a SingleRAN Network As shown in the following figure. From 2006 [when Next Generation Mobile Networks (NGMN) first proposed the SON concept] to 2010. Huawei realized that LTE SON alone could not effectively reduce operators' OPEX. Huawei began its LTE SON R&D in 2006. SingleRAN involves multi-RAT cells and multi-frequency macro and small multi-layer cells. which automates to a greater degree the processes of network planning. and relationship coordination among multi-RAT and multi-layer networks. In 2011. and O&M. organized for greater synergy. deployment.key performance indicators (KPIs) and the end-user experience are in great need if mobile broadband profits are to remain healthy. .

Better automate network planning. O&M. Reduce supervisory manpower 5. deployment. Improve O&M efficiency and network performance . and fault rectification 4. Ensure comparable end-user service quality no matter the network category 2. Coordinate relationships in multi-RAT and multi-layer networking 3.The SingleSON solution helps operators: 1.

SingleSON Implementation/Application SingleSON Features The following figure illustrates SingleSON technology’s key features: SingleSON Architecture SingleSON supports short-term measurement and decision-making for single/multiple cells in a localized area and long-term measurement and decision-making for the entire network. Since its functions are .

operators need to deploy LTE macro cells. for SingleRAN. and provide multi-RAT radio services after hardware for multi-RAT SingleRAN base stations is installed and the base stations are powered on. particularly in terms of antenna/transmission route sharing. a configuration file is automatically generated and saved in the operator's operational support system (OSS). radio. First.supported by both SingleRAN base stations and the O&M support system. Planning for dedicated configuration data is not taken into account. which cannot be planned and configured manually. SingleSON Value and Applications Self . For example. selforganizing parameters are considered part of the PnP feature. SON function coordination between base stations and O&M support systems is a must. After planning is complete. In this document. Therefore. self-organization and self-configuration of network parameters greatly reduce network planning & deployment costs. awaiting its automatic download and application after the new station is deployed. Every base station may need to be configured with hundreds of different parameters. and the antenna system.Optimization . they must use SingleSON technology to determine the viability of new base stations for existing sites. download and activate dedicated configuration data. Base station parameters that must be self-organizing include those for transmission. and functioning base stations can provide services only after being configured with their correct parameters.Configuration A self-configuring base station is generally able to automatically connect to the O&M support system. Self . based on existing GSM and WCDMA networks. Operators must also plan cell radio and antenna parameters for the new station.

random access channel (RACH) transmission resource optimization. intra-frequency. the user distribution of each cell must be considered. cross coverage. After detection of compromised terminal access. regardless of whether or not PCIs are the same. Typical optimization scenarios include hole coverage. pilot pollution. with radio frequency (RF) parameters automatically optimized accordingly. PCI conflicts are thus automatically eliminated. terminal access signaling. and final authorization need be done manually. and neighbor relationships between co-frequency. only fault cause confirmation.Multi-RAT and Multi-Layer SingleRAN Mobility Management After a base station is up & running. Mobility management features the following: 1. but SingleSON’s automated algorithms can be supervised by novices. reports optimization suggestions. and choose another optimization scheme. inter-base station. which makes handover more reliable. and different-layer cells are optimized automatically. 3-mode (5F3M) base station on SingleRAN may have hundreds of its neighbor relationships automated. taking the network back to its previous state. inter-RAT. operators can reverse it. this feature allows 5F3M base stations to maintain more than 100 handover relationships. and unbalanced uplink and downlink coverage. inter-frequency. A 5-frequency. . During network optimization. 2. the power of each cell must be adjusted according to its coverage target. while minimization of DT (MDT) technology reduces DT costs by more than 50%. Automated handover parameter optimization also greatly reduces O&M costs. SingleSON determines network operating status at all times. Automated optimization of handover parameters based on actual deployment scenarios: Intra-base station. greatly reducing costs in this area. Random access procedure optimizations: During random access procedures. optimization is performed primarily according to network planning data. SingleSON identifies the fault and its cause. weak coverage. If multiple cells with different frequencies or RATs share an antenna. optimization can be performed according to terminal-generated RACH failure reports. neighboring LTE cells are automatically managed. Traditional methods of optimizing antenna capacity require experienced network planning engineers to do numerous drive tests (DTs). terminal measurement reports (MRs). and carries out the one deemed suitable (under operator control). optimization scheme review. On networks using other RATs. For LTE. Coverage optimization of antenna system parameters: Antenna deployment scenarios and user distributions are automatically identified from terminal reports. its operator must ensure target area coverage and terminal accessibility. which minimizes handover failures. If multiple cells share the same power and antenna. making for greatly improved O&M efficiency. After optimization efforts are complete. optimization procedures such as preamble code optimization. SingleSON will evaluate its effectiveness. If it proves sub-optimal. and handover signaling. at great cost. and RACH power optimization are performed. and inter-base station handover parameters are automatically optimized according to the signal propagation features of neighboring cells. Automated conflict check and optimization of physical cell identifiers (PCIs): Direct and indirect intrafrequency neighboring cells are automatically checked. 4. 5. 3. Automatic neighbor relation (ANR) maintenance: After SingleSON is applied to SingleRAN. inter-RAT.

Network traffic monitoring in this case refers to monitoring of the time distribution. Terminal migration methods include handover. and congestion control. If certain cell KPIs are deemed abnormal. The number of subscribers served by the cell has greatly decreased 3. Cell outages may occur in any of the following scenarios: 1. Frequent inconsistencies between traffic distribution and SingleRAN capability distribution. are solved using mobility load balancing schemes for intra-base station. and service type distribution (QoS) of network throughput. Operator policies focus primarily on the ratio of edge terminal throughput (served by the cell) to the total throughput for the entire cell. and DT data. An inter-cell interference coordination mechanism can also be used to improve throughput. and inter-base station cells. The cell cannot provide services in some or all geographical areas 2. intra-frequency. The total throughput of the cell has greatly decreased SingleSON's automated cell outage compensation functions monitor cell KPI. space distribution. terminals MRs. networks monitor traffic distribution according to terminal reports and automatically adjust network configurations and migrate terminals based on operator policies. residence. If these attempts fail. inter-frequency. Operator mobility load-balancing policies applied to large base stations that complement intra-frequency small base stations must also consider terminal speed and inter-cell interference level. SingleSON utilizes neighboring cells to compensate. If throughput requirements cannot be met through by antenna system parameter optimization. over short periods of time. the principles of which dictate that hotspots are detected according to terminal MR. If a traditional antenna is in use. Sudden inconsistencies between traffic distribution and SingleRAN capability distribution. which improves SingleRAN resource usage efficiency and ensures terminal QoS. If SingleSON determines that it is. re-deployment can be done in miniaturization or distributed dense modes. over long periods of time. cell admission control. it is recommended that signal quality optimization have priority for hotspots. Industry Leadership . the balance between system efficiencies. inter-base station. and the balance between singlecell channel quality and the total throughput of the entire system. inter-RAT.Maintenance Self-maintenance is defined as the automated management of automatically detected cell outages through automated cell outage compensation (cell outage refers to the complete or partial loss of a cell’s capability to provide radio services). Generally. operator policies must consider service category-cell capability mapping and end-user priority and preferences. are solved through antenna system capacity parameter optimization. based on cell throughput KPIs. SingleSON checks terminal service accessibility before determining whether or not the cell is out of service. adjusting their antenna parameters when necessary to meet terminal quality of service (QoS) guidelines.Multi-RAT and Multi-Layer SingleRAN Traffic Steering Through synergic traffic steering. it signals an alarm and attempts to restore its functions. Self .

while meeting increasing data bandwidth requirements. which include self-planning. which are then applied to the network upon operator authorization. operators. LTE terminals increasingly support SON-compatible Um interface signaling but may not support all signaling defined by the 3rd Generation Partnership Project (3GPP). optimization solutions. and quality of experience (QoE) so that the according planning solutions. mobility optimization. Rollback suggestion provided (when necessary) after optimization Results from the thinking network are compiled into new network configuration parameters. A standard thinking network process proceeds as follows: 1. Operators will be able to operate LTE macro cell networks and WCDMA and LTE small cell networks without increasing the OPEX to revenue ratio from current GSM-WCDMA macro cell network levels. Standards organizations. GSM and WCDMA terminal inventory is significant and SON-compatible Um interface signaling for GSM and WCDMA continues to be developed (it is estimated that current GSM and WCDMA terminals cannot support SON-compatible Um interface signaling). selfoptimization. and LTE network standards. Network fault identified 3. according to operator policies. Huawei released the industry’s first LTE SON test report. Some SON features. and terminal vendors will certainly collaborate to promote terminal support for SON-compatible Um interface signaling. UMTS. multi-RAT and multi-layer synergy solutions for ANR and MDT features will be developed. such as automated neighboring cell optimization. all mainstream device vendors have released SON roadmaps. Huawei's SingleSON roadmap concerns SON feature support for GSM. and by Q2 2013. SON technology is set to grow by leaps & bounds over the next few years. require terminals to report additional information. In 2009.By now. that automatically apply the results upon operator authorization. Network status monitored 2. Optimization suggestion provided 4. network operating status. and fault rectification solutions are implemented after operator authorization. and self-rectification of faults. Mainstream operators have also distributed their SON requirements at industry forums. SON-compatible Um interface signaling. and LTE networking and SingleRAN base stations. UMTS. Building Thinking Networks Multi-RAT and multi-layer SingleRAN solutions automatically monitor the deployment environment. Optimization effect confirmed 5." . Networks equipped with thinking capabilities. A unified self-configuring solution has already been developed for the GSM. and MDT. network vendors. is key to improving SON feature efficiency. however. SingleSON technology gives networks "thinking" capabilities. while coexistence of macro cell and small cell networks is also a key element of LTE SON feature planning. are referred to as "reconfigurable networks.