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S. 4. Reston. most cooks used the rule of thumb that “bake ham fat side up in roasting pan in a moderate oven (160ºC) ensuring 25 to 40 minutes per ½kg”. 25 x x 20 15 10 5 x 1960 1970 1980 1990 x x Population (millions) Years RESOURCE Hartzler. Mathematical Modelling in the Secondary School Curriculum. Incorporated. A Resource Guide of Classroom Exercises.3. Rules of Thumb You might have used some mathematical models of your own without realizing it. the graph below shows the population at different years for a certain country. Vancouver. For example. perhaps you think of them as “rules of thumb”. F. they may be graphical. J. 1991. in the baking of hams. |CXC A6/U2/12 6 7 . The cook is able to predict how long it takes to bake his ham without burning it. For example. Graphs Not all models are symbolic in nature. United States of America: National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. and Swetz.

ALGEBRA. compound statements. 4. UNIT 1 . 2. 3. Truth tables. 4. conditional. understand the properties and significance of the exponential and logarithm function. establish the truth value of compound statements using truth tables. 3. bi-conditional). Converse and contrapositive of statements. develop the ability to use concepts to model and solve real-world problems. contrapositive and inverse of a conditional (implication) statement. disjunction. students should: 1. Logical equivalence. GEOMETRY AND CALCULUS MODULE 1: BASIC ALGEBRA AND FUNCTIONS GENERAL OBJECTIVES On completion of this Module. understand the concept of a function. 2. CONTENT (A) Reasoning and Logic 1. be confident in the manipulation of algebraic expressions and the solutions of equations and inequalities. 2. develop the ability to construct simple proofs of mathematical assertions. negation. 3. determine whether two statements are logically equivalent. state the converse. 5. Simple statement (proposition). connectives (conjuction. |CXC A6/U2/12 7 . SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES (A) Reasoning and Logic Students should be able to: 1.