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Contents Preface Acknowledgements Chapter 1 Introduction 1 1.1 Flight instruments 1 1.2 Cockpit layouts 10 1.3 Multiple choice questions a Chapter 2 Number systems 15 2.1 Denary numbers 1s 2.2 Binary numbers 15 3 Octal numbers 18 24 Hexadecimal numbers 20 5 Multiple choice questions 2 Chapter3_ Data conversion 23 3.1 Analogue and digital signals 2B 3.2. Digital to analogue conversion 2 3.3. Analogue to digital conversion 28 34 Multiple choice questions 32 Chapter4 Data buses 3 4.1 Introducing bus systems 33 42 ARINC 429 3 43. Other bus standards 2 44 Multiple choice questions 4 Chapter 5 Logie eireuits 45 5.1 Introducing logic 45 52 Logic circuits 45 5.3 Boolean algebra 47 54 Combinational logic 49 5.5 Tristate logic 3 5.6 Monostables 33 5.7 Bistables 55 5.8 Logic families 37 5.9 Multiple choice questions 61 Chapter 6 Computers 6B 6.1 Computer systems 6B 6.2 Data representation 64 63 Data storage 65 64 Programs and software 1 65 Backplane bus systems m 6.6 Some examples 75 6.7 Multiple choice questions 1 vi Chapter 7 a 72 73 74 15 76 Chapter 8 81 82 83 84 Chapter 9 9.1 92 93 94 95 Chapter 10 10.1 10.2 10.3 10.4 10.5 10.6 Chapter 11 WL 112 13 14 Chapter 12 Chapter 13 34 13.2 133 134 13.5 The central processing unit (CPU) Internal architecture Microprocessor operation Intel x86 family Intel Pentium family AMD 29050 Multiple choice questions Integrated circuits Scale of integration Fabrication technology Packaging and pin numbering Multiple choice questions MSI logic Fan-in and fan-out Decoders Encoders Multiplexers Multiple choice questions Fibre optics Advantages and disadvantages Propagation in optical fibres Dispersion and bandwidth Practical optical networks Optical network components Multiple choice questions Displays CRT displays Light emitting diodes Liquid crystal displays Multiple choice questions Electrostatic sensitive devices (ESD) Static electricity Static sensitive devices ESD warnings Handling and transporting ESD. Multiple choice questions Software Software classification Software certification Software upgrading Data verification Multiple choice questions Contents 79 79 83 86 91 92 95 97 97 98 99 101 103 103 104 106 107 110 uw Wl MW 14 115 u7 uN7 19 120 125, 128 130 131 131 133 134 134 136 137 137 138 139 144 144 Contents Chapter 14 14.1 14.2 143 144 14.5 14.6 17 Chapter 15 15.1 15.2 15.3 13.4 15.5 15.6 15.7 13.8 15.9 15.10 15.11 Appendix 1 Appendix 2 Appendix 3 Index Electromagnetic compatibility (EMC) EMI generation EMC and avionie equipment Spectrum analysis Effects and causes of EMI Aircraft wiring and cabling Grounding and bonding Multiple choice questions Avionie systems Aircraft Communication Addressing and Reporting System (ACARS) Electronic Flight Instrument System (EFIS) Engine Indication and Crew Alerting System (EICAS) Fly-by-wire (FBW) Flight Management System (FMS) Global Positioning System (GPS) Inertial Navigation System (INS) Traffic Alert Collision Avoidance System (TCAS) Automatic Test Equipment (ATE) Built-in Test Equipment (BITE) Multiple choice questions Abbreviations and acronyms Revision papers Answers 145 145 147 148 152 154 155 156 157 157 158 162 164 164 166 168 169 71 71 12 173 179 187 191 vil