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PART ONE: READING AND WRITING (90) Section 1: Complete the following sentences by writing a, b, c, or d on the Answer Sheet. 1. The huge machines .. the stones to make gravel for the new road. a. crushed b. made c. broke d. ground 2. In the 1800s the owner of a chocolate factory in England .. that sugar removed the bitter taste of cacao. a. discovery b. discovered c. had discovered d. had been discovered 3. Paris is called the City of Light because many of its buildings are illuminated at night. a. history b. historical c. historic d. historically 4. Newspaper .. are often written in a hurry. a. books b. stories c. pictures d. articles 5. The two parties both spent millions of dollars on their campaigns. a. political b. politics c. politician d. politically 6. Inflation dropped to its .level in 30 years. a. lowest b. lower c. low d. lowly 7. Scientists estimate that smoking expectancy by around 12 years on average. a. reduces b. reduce c. reducing d. reduced 8. There is fierce .between the three leading soap manufacturers. a. competitive b. competition c. competing d. competitor 9. A lack of formal ..will limit your job opportunities. a. educated b. education c. educating d. educator 10. Her baby was born ................. two oclock yesterday afternoon. a. in b. at c. on d. under

Section 2
Questions 11 - 15 Look at the text in each question. What does it say? Mark the correct letter A, B or C on your answer sheet. Example:

0. A. Buy three films for the price of two. B. Get a free film with every one you buy. C. Films bought here are printed free


A. This shop will sell customers' watches within twelve months. B. This shop will keep customers' watches for up to twelve months. C. This shop will look after customers' watches for more than twelve months.


A. Philippe and Stefano missed each other at the stadium. B. Stefano had to leave without Philippe to get to work. C. Stefano has given up waiting for Philippe to arrive.


A. Parents must return forms this week if their 2

child is going on Friday's trip. B. Parents cannot go on next month's trip unless they return their forms by Friday. C. The last day for returning completed forms for the trip is Friday.

14. Gabi wants Jo to A. change an arrangement. B. cancel a regular event. C. come to a business meeting.


A. It is not possible to use the lift above the ground floor today. B. The lift will not be going to the basement today. C. The stairs between the basement and the ground floor are closed today.

Section 3 Apple Richer Than the U.S. Government (30th July, 2011)
Strange but true the technology giant Apple now officially has more money than the U.S. government, and significantly less debt. Americas Treasury Department shows that the country has an operating cash balance of $73.7 billion while Apples most recent financial reports show a healthier bank balance of $76.4 billion. This incredible state of affairs has resulted in CNN to joke that the U.S. government should start selling iPads to help serve the American people. Or perhaps Apple CEO Steve Jobs should become president of the USA? Another financial difference between the worlds largest economy and the hugely successful Apple is its debt ratio. The U.S. government currently spends $200 billion a month more than it receives. Conversely, Apple takes in far more than it spends. The U.S. government is in a severe financial crisis, which is having an impact on the worlds financial markets. It is desperately trying to avoid defaulting on its debt. President Barack Obama has tried for weeks to get the opposition Republican Party to agree to raise the countrys debt ceiling. He says America must do this and borrow more money to be able to pay its way at home and around the world. The country is in grave danger of running out of money. This would mean public workers getting no salaries and the country would struggle to meet its international financial commitments. Such a situation could see the dollar crash, leading to a possible second global financial crisis in five years. Obama told the Republicans, to step up and show the leadership that the American people expect. 1. TRUE / FALSE: Read the headline. Guess if 16-20 below are true (T) or false (F). 16. The tech company Apple has more money than the U.S. government. T / F T/F T/F T/F T/F

17.The government is considering selling iPads to its citizens. 18.America spends around $200 billion a month more than it receives. 19.Americas crisis is not affecting global financial markets. 20.America could soon run out of money.

Section 4
Complete the passage below using the words given in the box. There are more words given than needed.

Loss of Nature Will Damage Economies

affect impact at facing marine history dead effort pollutant pollution measures in actions deaths framework

We are causing so much damage to our planet that it will soon (21) the global economy. This bleak warning is according to a new United Nations report called the Global Biodiversity Outlook (GBO). The paper says there are many important ecosystems on our planet that are (22) ..danger. These tipping points in our natural world are where mans negative (23) on nature will start costing national economies. Examples of these are the (24) of coral reefs, the destruction of huge areas of forest, or major pollution of rivers. UN spokesman Ahmed Djoglaf said: "The news is not good. We continue to lose biodiversity at a rate never before seen in (25) . - extinction rates may be up to 1,000 times higher than the historicalrate." Scientists are worried that governments will not do enough to try to reduce the damage to the tipping points. World leaders will soon meet in Nairobi to discuss (26) . to tackle global biodiversity loss. They hope they can then create an international (27) that will be adopted at a convention on biological diversity in October in Japan. The GBO report outlines how serious the threat is. It says huge numbers of species are (28) . extinction if we continue to pollute the environment. Over a quarter of corals may soon disappear. This will have a huge impact on (29) life and many fish species will also disappear. This will be fighting over much smaller stocks of fish. This problem will be made worse with the increasing (30) of the worlds rivers.


31. I didnt visit him while he was in hospital. I wish .. 32. Staying at home would be better than going out with a person I dont like. I would rather ..

33. Would you please switch the radio on? He asked me . 34. Ken doesnt smoke and his wife doesnt either. Neither Ken 35. They worked very hard in spite of their old age. Despite ...

Section 2
You borrowed a book from your friend and unfortunately you lost it. Write to your friend to describe what happened and apologize.