Maldives National University

Immunization and Vaccination
Abdullah Kamal

13

.......... As far as Nepal is concerned...............................................................6 million children were vaccinated in 11 countries of South-East Asia but still 9............. 2011)... UNICEF supplies vaccines to 40% of world’s children................... in Western Nepal the vaccines coverage rate was higher than the national figure which was 84....................... 1 STATUS OF IMMUNIZATION IN MALDIVES ......... 1 STATUS OF IMMUNIZATION IN SOUTH EAST ASIA .......... ........Unicef's Role in Global immunization.......................................................... 2013).................. 2013) In South East Asia............................. world health Organization is working hard to support for the need to increase immunization coverage.................... According to (Smith... WHO and UNICEF plays important role for immunization............. (Progress for Children .....................................................5 million children unimmunized... (Immunization: The basics............. (Health Care status in Maldives... 2013).............. STATUS OF IMMUNIZATION IN MALDIVES Maldives has achieved higher coverage (95%) of immunization programs throughout the country eliminating the chances of infectious diseases through government backup.... In 2004 they provide 2............ including vaccine distribution and cold chain management.......8 billion doses of vaccines for more than 100 countries by forming partnerships to support for immunization to have a control in infectious diseases.......... 2012).................................................................................... 2 REFERENCE .............. 1 BARRIERS ASSOCIATED WITH VACCINATION ................. (Maldives’ immunization program review conducted............................ 2 CONCLUSION ....................................5%............. 2 INTRODUCTION Immunization is the process by which a person or an animal is being protected by against a disease whereas vaccination is defined as the injection of a killed or weakened infectious organism to prevent from diseases..... Statistics show that coverage of measles containing vaccines in the South-East Region increased from 61% to 79% from 2000 to 2011 and concerns were raised regarding achievement of millennium objective.........Table of Contents INTRODUCTION ............... Furthermore international bodies believe that the immunization service delivery functions well................................................ it is identified that 28........ 2013) STATUS OF IMMUNIZATION IN SOUTH EAST ASIA According to (Smith.

int/maldives/mediacentre/epi/en/index. 2007).who.who.Unicef's Role in Global immunization. & Zimmerman. Kathmandu: Kathmandu Research centre.unicef.int/mediacentre/releases/2013/pr1556/en/index. D. Burns.gov: http://www. For instance.html Kimmel. Addressing immunization barriers.who.gov/vaccines/vac-gen/imz-basics. barriers like the system barriers such as the supply and distribution of vaccines. benefits and Risks. 2013. S61-S61. (2013). (2013). 2013. Wolfe. CONCLUSION It is understood that immunization is essential for the health of people. Burns. inconvenient consulting hours do matter here and people’s perception of side effects after vaccination.who.org/media/files/PFCUNICEFrole. Retrieved October 02.searo. Immunization: The basics.html Progress for Children .cdc.org: http://www. Wolfe. some have fear and absence of knowledge about vaccination and lack of proper transportation as well.searo.pdf Sanju. Retrieved October 01. Retrieved October 02. & Zimmerman. REFERENCE (2011). Additionally the cost. It is found that the WHO and UNICEF also work to cover global population for vaccination. from www. G. Male'. In South East Asia. July 6). Maldives’ immunization program review conducted.unicef. from www. lots of works are being carried out to cover large population.int: http://www.int: http://www.searo. Retrieved October 01. from www. (Kimmel. Survey on immunizatio status in Western Nepal. Maldives. The Journal of family practice. Equity is critical to protecting children against vaccine preventable diseases.cdc.BARRIERS ASSOCIATED WITH VACCINATION However. (2007). from www. 2013. It is remarkable that the Maldivian immunization coverage was higher although there are certain barriers like people’s perception and factors like cost and transportation.html . Health Care status in Maldives. Smith. M. (2013). patient and parent barriers and Public Perceptions of Vaccine Safety. 2013. (2012.searo. (2013).

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful