UNIVERSITI TUNKU ABDUL RAHMAN CENTRE FOR FOUNDATION STUDIES FOUNDATION IN ARTS: FHEL 1034 ENGLISH FOR COMMUNICATION

TUTORIAL 3: INTRODUCTION TO EFFECTIVE BUSINESS WRITING (II)

A) PARALLEL STRUCTURES Exercise 1 Select the best sentence that illustrates the use of proper parallel construction. 1. A. Jessica has wit, charm and she has an extremely pleasant personality. B. Jessica Tran has wit, charm and a pleasant personality. 2. A. In English class, Tasha learned to read poems critically and to appreciate good prose. B. In English class, Tasha learned to read poems critically and she also learned how to appreciate good prose. 3. A. Richard's CGPA is higher than Raymond. B. Richard's CGPA is higher than Raymond's. 4. A. He wanted three things out of college: to learn a skill, to make good friends, and to learn about life. B. He wanted three things out of college: to learn a skill, to make good friends, and learning about life. 5. A. Coach Ronaldo was a brilliant strategist, a caring mentor and a wise friend. B. Coach Ronaldo was a brilliant strategist, a caring mentor, and being a wise friend. 6. A. We found the film repulsive, offensive, and we thought it was embarrassing. B. We found the film repulsive, offensive, and embarrassing. 7. A. Mr. Nguyen kept his store clean, neat, and he made it arranged conveniently. B. Mr. Nguyen kept his store clean, neat and conveniently arranged. 8. A. Professor Ali rewarded his students for working hard on the final project and going beyond the call of duty. B. Professor Ali rewarded his students for their hard work on the final project and going beyond the call of duty. 9. A. There's nothing I like better than finding a good trout stream, setting up camp, and spending a couple of days fishing.

emitted a humming sound. completed his lab problems carelessly. setting up camp. To learn proper grammar and writing effectively are my goals. watching television. Two of the sentences are correct. The disk in the sky revolved rapidly. A good writer knows how to brainstorm. Amanda has trouble with study skills. and he is irritated by the long line-ups. or he is working in the computer lab. and mail it before tomorrow. packed his belongings. and his motivation was low. Exercise 2 Correct any errors in parallel structure in the following sentences. and then it began to descend slowly towards the surface of the earth. The members of the tour group boarded the bus wearily. too. Amos will write the report. 8. completed his lab problems in a careless manner. B. and lacked motivation. David has neither done the dishes nor has he made his bed. 12. 2. He is both tired from jet lag. 9. 11. The teacher said that he was a poor student because he waited until the last minute to study for the exam. 13. 6. The suspect has sold his house. Matt is either attending a meeting. Janet hopes to finish college. . 7. 5. and then they discovered that they had no reservations. Jason will both research his project on the Internet. memory techniques. The teacher said that he was a poor student because he waited until the last minute to study for the exam. and he can organize his ideas well. and he will also write the first draft of his proposal.B. 10. 4. This weekend. get a job. and to spend a couple of days fishing. endured a two-hour drive to the resort. and to find her own apartment. Darren plans to spend his vacation reading. 1. write good thesis statements. 10. and has left town. There's nothing I like better than finding a good trout stream. 3. and managing her time. and he wants to sleep in as much as possible. proofread it. A.

and everyone thought this was rude behavior. leaving the past behind and can adapt to change. At the next meeting. The student fell asleep in class everyone thought this was rude behavior. 2. b) The student was falling asleep in class. My friend is in jail. 15. but he is not a dangerous criminal he is an undercover agent. Peggy is a writing instructor she knows how to write a brilliant essay. b) My friend who is in jail right now is not a dangerous criminal. c) My friend is in jail because he is an undercover agent he is not a dangerous criminal.14. B) RUN-ON EXERCISE Exercise 1 Each sentence below is a run-on. 1. and although everyone thought this was rude behavior. The manufacture of the engine is subcontracted to another firm. c) Even though the student fell asleep in class. b) Peggy who is a writing instructor and knows how to write and essay. but an undercover agent. . a) The student fell asleep in class. a) Because my friend is an undercover agent who is in jail right now and not a dangerous criminal. Choose the answer that corrects the run-on so that the run-on becomes a complete sentence. 3. To use more mechanised tools to make the body and to increase production by around 10%. the top managers will consider the four options below: • • • • Automate car production to make about 5. A successful company is a company that is constantly renewing itself. c) Peggy is a writing instructor. Raising the price of the car by around 35% and move to a bigger factory so that production can be increased. She knows how to write a brilliant essay. and everyone thought this was rude behavior. to increase production by 10% to 20%. a) Because Peggy is a writing instructor and knows how to write a brilliant essay.000 cars a year.

Punctuate the sentences accordingly to form correct sentences.Exercise 2 The following are run-ons / comma splices. ___________________________________________________________________ 7) Einstein is famous for E=mc² Edison is famous for the invention of the light bulb. put on some sunblock. ____________________________________________________________ 2) The airport is about to shut down because of the snow and if the plane does not land soon it will have to go on to Boston. __________________________________________________________________ 6) They aren't dangerous criminals they are detectives in disguise. ____________________________________________________________ 5) Tim left his job he could not stand his boss. ____________________________________________________________ 3) People already believed the precious metals to be divine their use in money intensified its allure. 1) The sun is high. ____________________________________________________________ 4) I am a woman I am a truck driver. ___________________________________________________________________ .