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ack
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LAYER W IN
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in! PLAYER ATTACK S LAYER ATTACK S
At th e 2006 Com m onw e al th Judo Tournam e nt, a varie ty of conte s t data
w as col le cte d and anal ys e d. Th e prim ary focus of th e re s e arch w as to
prove /dis prove th e h ypoth e s is th at in Judo figh ts th e pl
aye r m ak e s th e
m os tattack s w ins th e figh t.

Th is bas ic re s e arch proje ct prove d th e H 1 as 69 % of figh ts at th is e ve nt


w e re inde e d w on by th e pl aye r w h o attack e d th e m os t.
M e th odol
ogy:
89 figh ts w e re h and notate d us ing th e A4 form s h ow n to th e
righ t. Data col l
e cte d include d th e duration of th e figh ts from
th e officialcl ock al ong w ith s core s . Additionaldata col le cte d
incl ude d w as a cum ul ative duration of m atch e s and a tal le y of
th e attack s and s core s in e ach "s e gm e nt" of action form
H ajim e to M atte . of figh ts .
tation
n d no
d o ha
e d to
rm us
Fo

Afte r th e e ve nt, th e form s w e re proce s s e d and e ne te re d into com pute r


s oftw are w h e re th e m e ans , m ode s and s tandard de viations w e re
cal culate d al ong w ith a varie ty ofoth e r de s criptive s tatis tics .

Re s ul
ts :
Th e data s ucce s s ful ly ide ntifie d th at m atch e s w e re w on 69 % of
th e tim e by th e ath l
e te w h o m ade th e m os t attack s (s e e figure to
th e righ t). Th is provide s e vide nce to s upport th e "re ce ive d
opinion" ofcoach e s .
Figh ts w on b y play
(gre eenr saettgamckein gt
nt) h e m os t 69 %

Anal ys is of th e data give s indication as to th e s tructure of a Judo


m atch , in te rm s of ave rage d durations , num be r of s e gm e nts , num be r of
attack s and s core s . Th is data is s im il ar to pre vious re s e arch by Sik ors k i
e t al (19 87) cite d by Pul k k ine n (2001) th at s h ow e d th at a
"s e gm e nt" did not e xce e d 25 s e conds , th is is s h ow n in th e figure
to th e righ t.
Dis cus s ion:
Data w as h and notate d us ing form s h ow n above , w h ich w as
finalis e d in th at form afte r an initialpil ot s tudy. It is a fre q ue ncy D urations and "s e gm e nts "
Avg. Se conds Sik ors k i's lim it
TotalM inute s TotalSe gm e nts
pe r s e gm e nt

table , al th ough it w as e d us e d in a w ay th at did al l


ow s om e
re cording of s e q ue ntial ity, re m oving s om e of th e lim itations m e ntione d by
H ugh e s and Frank s (2004). Col le cting re l
iable data prove d difficul t due
prim aril y to dis traction and fatigue . Th e appl ication of s trate gie s bas e d on
th e inform ation dis cove re d m us t be done w ith caution due to th e
m e ntione d val idity is s ue s al ong w ith factors notm e ntione d.

Th e anal ys is com pl e te d to date is al lave rage d acros s th e 89 m atch e s ,


w h ich m ay be m as k ing im portant diffe re nce s be tw e e n th e w inning
ath le te s and th os e w h o l os t. For e xam pl e , th e re m ay be l arge diffe re nce s
be tw e e n th e num be r of attack s done by th e gol d m e dalis t in a cate gory.
Sim il arl y, th e re m ay be cons ide rabl e diffe re nce s at th e q uarte r finals tage
and finalits e l f.

H ow e ve r th e data doe s provide a s naps h otvie w and prove d th e fe as ibil ity


and pote ntialbe ne fit to coach e s of col l
e cting th is data as it can be
trans l ate d into action, for e xam pl e e ns uring th at ath l e te s h ave a
h igh e r attack rate th an th e ir oppone nts . A s m al ls e le ction of training
drills w e re de ve l ope d bas e d on pre paring ath l e te s us ing th is data
and publ is h e d online .
In s um m ary, th is s tudy did s h ow th at attack ing m ore is an indicator of
s ucce s s in th is e ve nt, and s ugge s ts coach e s tail
or training to th is e nd.
Re fe re nce s :
H ugh e s , M ., Frank s , I.M . (2004). Notationalanal
ys is ofs port: s ys te m s for be tte r coach ing and pe rform ance in s port. London, Routl
e dge .

Pul
k k inne n, W ayl
and J. 2001. Th e s ports cie nce ofe l
ite judo ath l
e te s . Gue l
ph , O nt: Pul
k ine tics .

Sum m ary ofre s e arch avail


abl
e atw w w .judocoach .com /judo.h tm l