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Page 2 of 8

Section A: Pure Mathematics [35 marks]

1

Find the range of values of k for which the equation

2

3 2 0 x kx k + ÷ = has two real

and distinct roots.

[3]

2 (i) On a single diagram, sketch the graphs of

( ) ln 5 y x = + and

1

2

y

x

=

÷

,

stating clearly the equations of the asymptotes and the coordinates of the points

of intersection with the axes.

[4]

Hence or otherwise, using the sketch in (i),

(ii) solve the simultaneous equations

( ) ln 5 y x = + and 1 2 xy y = + ,

[3]

(iii) solve the inequality

( ) ( )

2

2 2 ln 5 x x x + ÷ + > .

[2]

3

(a) Find

2 4

x

e dx

÷

}

.

[2]

(b) Without using a calculator, find the exact value of ( )

4

3

1

5

2 1 x dx

x

÷ ÷

}

. [4]

Millennia Institute 2013 H1 Math Preliminary Examination

Page 3 of 8

4 The cross section of a slice of bread has the shape of a semicircle AEDA joined to a

rectangle ABCD as shown in the diagram. The straight line 2 cm AD x = and the

perimeter of the cross section is 10 cm.

(i) Show that 5 1 cm

2

AB x

t ( | |

= ÷ +

| (

\ . ¸ ¸

.

[2]

(ii) Show that the area of the cross section of the slice of bread is equal to

2 2

10 2 cm

2

x x

t ( | |

÷ +

| (

\ . ¸ ¸

.

[3]

(iii) Hence use a non-calculator method to find the exact value of x for which the

cross sectional area of the slice of bread is a maximum.

[4]

5

A curve C has equation

4 3

2 1 y x x = ÷ + .

(i) Find .

dy

dx

Hence use a non-calculator method to find the coordinates of the

stationary points of C and determine the nature of each of these stationary

points.

[4]

(ii) Sketch C. Mark all stationary points with a cross. [2]

(iii) Find the area of the region bounded by the curve C and the x-axis, giving your

answer correct to 3 decimal places. [2]

A

B C

D

E

2x

Millennia Institute 2013 H1 Math Preliminary Examination

Page 4 of 8

Section B: Statistics [60 marks]

6 The events A and B are such that P(A) = 0.7, P(B) = 0.2 and P(A|B) = 0.5. Find the

probability that

(i) both A and B occur, [2]

(ii) at least one of A and B occurs, [2]

(iii) exactly one of A and B occurs. [2]

7 The probability of a day being hazy in Singapore is 0.05. Given that the weather

condition of any day in Singapore is independent of the other days, find the

probability that, out of 28 days,

(i) exactly 3 days will be hazy, [2]

(ii) at least 2 days will be hazy, [2]

(iii) exactly 3 days will be hazy given that at least 2 days will be hazy. [3]

There are 365 days in a year. Using a suitable approximation, estimate the

probability that in a randomly chosen year, less than 15 days will be hazy. State the

mean and variance of the distribution used in the approximation.

[4]

Millennia Institute 2013 H1 Math Preliminary Examination

Page 5 of 8

8 A florist cuts all her roses such that their lengths are normally distributed with

variance 2.25 cm

2

. The florist claims that the mean length of her roses is 20 cm. A

random sample of 50 roses was taken and found to have a mean length of 19.5 cm.

Test the florist’s claim at 3% level of significance.

[4]

The florist employs a new staff to cut the roses and the standard deviation remains

unchanged. The florist claims the mean length is now more than 20 cm. A new

random sample of 50 roses is taken. Find the set of values within which the mean

length of this sample must lie for the florist’s claim to be accepted at 5% level of

significance.

[5]

9 1000 students opt to read either H1 or H2 Mathematics in Singa Institute. The

numbers in each of the three faculties reading Mathematics are summarised in the

table below.

H1 Mathematics H2 Mathematics

Arts 300 50

Business 150 225

Science 0 275

An overseas education researcher carries out a survey by performing stratified

sampling to investigate the grades of the students, using a sample of 100 students.

(i) Identify the strata and find the size of the sample taken from each stratum. [2]

(ii) State, in the context of the question, one advantage that is unique to stratified

sampling.

[1]

(iii) Suggest an alternative sampling method to the researcher and state, in the

context of the question, one advantage that this alternative sampling method has

over stratified sampling.

[2]

Millennia Institute 2013 H1 Math Preliminary Examination

Page 6 of 8

10 Students are to select their enrichment programme out of three choices. The

probability of selecting Olympiad and Sudoku programme as their first choice is 0.3

and 0.55 respectively.

Given that a randomly chosen student’s first choice is Olympiad, the probability of

him selecting Sudoku as the second choice is 0.6. The probability of him selecting

Olympiad as the second choice is 0.2 if his first choice is Sudoku. It was noted that

students who selected Tic-Tac-Toe as their first choice never selected Sudoku in

any of their choices.

This information is shown in the tree diagram below.

1

st

Choice 2

nd

Choice

Olympiad

(i) Complete the tree diagram. [2]

(ii) Find the probability a randomly chosen student chose Olympiad as one of his

choices. [2]

(iii) A student will only be assigned to attend the enrichment programme of either

his first or second choice. Given that a student attended the Sudoku enrichment

programme, find the probability that it was his first choice.

[3]

0.3

0.55

Sudoku

Tic-Tac-Toe

Sudoku

Tic-Tac-Toe

Olympiad

Tic-Tac-Toe

Olympiad

Sudoku

Millennia Institute 2013 H1 Math Preliminary Examination

Page 7 of 8

11 Puppies and kittens have masses, in kg, that are independent and are normally

distributed with means and standard deviations as shown in the following table.

Mean mass Standard deviation

Puppies 5.1 1.2

Kittens 4.5 0.8

(i) Find the probability that the mass of a puppy chosen at random is between 4.8

kg and 5.2 kg.

[2]

(ii) Find the probability that the total mass of 6 puppies is less than 30 kg, stating

clearly the mean and variance of the distribution that you use.

[4]

(iii) One puppy and two kittens are chosen at random. Find the probability that the

total mass of the two kittens is greater than twice the mass of the puppy, stating

clearly the mean and variance of the distribution that you use.

[4]

(iv) A paper carton, which is designed to withstand goods with masses not

exceeding m kg, is used to transport the animals.

Calculate the least value of m, to the nearest integer, such that it is at least 99%

certain that 5 kittens can be transported safely, giving your answer to the nearest

kilogram.

[3]

Millennia Institute 2013 H1 Math Preliminary Examination

Page 8 of 8

12 The duration of sleep T, in minutes and the age A of an infant, in weeks, were

recorded based on a randomly selected infant. The results were summarised in the

table below.

A 2 3 5 7 8 9 11 12

T 500 450 410 350 300 320 250 230

(i) Give a sketch of the scatter diagram for the data as shown on your calculator. [2]

(ii) Find the product moment correlation coefficient and comment on its value in

the context of this question.

[2]

(iii) Find the equation of the regression line of T on A. [1]

(iv) Calculate an estimate of the duration of sleep when the infant is 10 weeks old.

Comment on the reliability of this estimate.

[2]

(v) Suggest two reasons why it might be unsuitable to use the equation in (iii) to

estimate the duration of sleep of another 50 weeks old infant.

[2]

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