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# INSTRUCAL FG2 VORTEX AND WEDGEFLOWMETERS. ROTAMETERS.

GAS AND LIQUID FLOW Fixed Geometry2 Help Contents This is a program for calculating the size of Vortex Flow Meters, Rotameters and Wedge Flow Meters For help on each screen: Press F1. Overview Program Features Calculation Menu Program Lead Sheet Vortex Meter Size Calculation for liquids Rotameter Size Calculation for liquids Wedge Flow Meter Size Calculation for liquids Calculation Engineering Units for liquids Material selection Calculation Printout Data Sheet Vortex Meter Size Calculation for Gases Rotameter Size Calculation for Gases Wedge Flow Meter Size Calculation for Gases Summary Printout Calculation Engineering Units for Gases Calculation Routines Program Data File Specification Importing Data into a Calculation Pipe Size Data FIXED GEOMETRY2 Flow Meters -- Program Overview Version 5. An option has been added to calculate the system losses from a known source pressure to provide the flow meter inlet pressure. The accuracy of this pressure has a considerable impact on the accuracy of the flow measurement. To use the pressure in the vessel which is the source of the flow can cause considerable error because of head and system losses. The fluid density of gases vary considerably with pressure and liquids may have vapor pressure problems or require a specific gravity correction for pressure. FG2PROG is a program for calculating the size of - Vortex Meters Rotameters Wedge Flowmeters Programs are provided for liquid and gas The Vortex Meter measures the frequency of vortex shedding from a bluff body mounted in the flow stream. Within limits of velocity and viscosity the flow rate is a linear

function of the frequency. It has a greater turn down ratio than head type meters. The program calculates the minimum and maximum flow rates based on flow area in the flow meter, the allowable minimum and maximum velocities and the viscosity limitations. The Rotameter is a variable area device. A float in a tapered tube is moved against gravity by the flowing fluid until an area is exposed which allows it to come to balance. The float position in the tube is a linear indication of the flow rate. Viscosity is a limitation. Floats are designed with a viscosity immunity ceiling to define the maximum viscosity. Sizing is determined by the float density and the flow capacity of the tapered tube in either USGPM of water or SCFM of air. The program does the unit conversions and supplies the float density. Wedge is a trademark of The Taylor Instrument Company. The Wedge Flowmeter consists of a meter tube and with a vee shaped wedge inserted inside. Pressure taps either side of the wedge measure the differential which is proportional to the square of the flow rate. Meter sizes range for 1 to 12 inches with each size having a selection of different wedges. Chemical seals are available for the pressure taps, making this a rugged flow meter suitable for slurries and viscous fluids. The program will provide the wedge data and calculate either the capacity or differential for the different sizes. The programs are suitable for use with all gaseous and liquid fluids that are clean, single phase, homogenous and Newtonian. All gases, most liquids and most dense phase fluids associated with the petroleum petrochemical and natural gas industries are Newtonian. General If changes are made to data recalled from file, the data will be displayed in the color selected for changed data. This will assist in recognising the affect the changes make to other calculations and the data sheet. Fixed Geometry2 Program Features Programs will -Perform sizing calculations Calculate either.-- Meter size,or Flow rate Calculate permanent pressure and power loss Calculate accuracy percentage Supply fluid properties at flow conditions Supply steam data Supply pipe sizes Provide material selection Use English or SI engineering units in any mixture Use mass or volume flow units Import process data Print a calculation sheet using the Windows Print Manager Save the data Prepare instrument data sheets WUSIWUG style Initially general- sheets for bid purposes

Supply data base of standard specification items After vendor selection, revise for permanent records Print a data sheet using the Windows Print Manager Save the data Print a summary of saved items Print all records Print selected records Print only records having required characteristics FG2 Program Menu Options New calculation Select the required calculation option and the fluid option, then select OK (or doubleclick if at least one of the options is already selected). File Default files Recalls file data using the files in the default drives and paths. Other files Recalls file data using the Windows file selection procedure. Data file maintenance Edit Tag Numbers Provides the facility to change the Tag Numbers on file Or delete records from file. Sort data file Rearrange the Tag Numbers in ascending order. Delete the items marked if the edit was saved. (Version 5.0) Data files Path for the default calculation data files. User units Path for the user selection set of engineering units. Headings Path for the printout headings. There are three paths. If a Drive and Path different from the Default Path and Drive provided in the initial Set Up Procedure was used, the program will update them to the Drive and Path which was installed. They are saved in sequential file FG2CALC.DRV which resides with the programs. To check or change the paths, either call up the Drive and Path for edit or use a text editor to or change the file contents. Convert V3 file stage 2 InstruCalc version 3 file conversion to Windows format. Exit Exits from InstruCalc to Windows Program Manager. Edit Tables (Version 5.0) InstruCalc uses Data Tables for Gas, Liquid,Pipe Size and Material properties, these contain data from which exact properties for the flow conditions are calculated. It also has

tables for Rotameter and Wedge data. These option provides an easy means of customizing them. Items can be added, inserted, deleted and changed. Restrictions are built into the Materials Coefficient of Expansion table on insertion and deletion because the row number is used to save data in the calculations. Each program can edit the tables used in the program. Take note that some, such as the Gas, Liquid and Pipe Size are used by other programs and may include data required only by them. Editing is performed by either clicking the appropriate line in the Grid or entering the line number in Row to Edit and clicking Recall Row. Edit the data and Load Row to the Grid. When a box in the edit line is clicked, information on the data required for that box is displayed above. Save Grid overwrites the old file. A backup file is recommended before you start. The file name is in the heading of the Edit Form and the files are in the program directory. Note that data cannot be edited directly in the grid. Color Provides color options for InstruCalc displays, using the Windows palette. Note that colors for scroll bars, command buttons, disabled text, borders etc., are selected through the Windows Control Panel Print Summary Goes to the print summary program. Fixed Geometry2 Program Lead Sheet The program will only stop at the Lead Sheet if it fails to find the default paths file. To continue, type in the paths and save the file. The Data Files are specific to a project and an instrument type The Units File may be common for all projects and specific for an instrument type The Headings File may be specific for a project and common for all instruments FG2 Vortex Meter Size Liquid Calculation The capacity of Vortex meters is determined by their internal cross section area and the minimum and maximum operating velocities. The liquid meters have a minimum viscosity limitation. The program has stored data on meter size 1 inch to 8 inches. And will accept data for others. Version 5. Option added. If the exact inlet pressure is not known, but a source pressure is known then use the option to calculate the flow element inlet pressure. First use an approximate inlet pressure and calculate the flow element to set up the variables, take the option and calculate the system losses, three cases are available. Transfer the selected case to the flow element calculation, re-select the fluid properties and recalculate the flow calculation. Light hyrocarbons may require a specific gravity correction. Volatile liquids may have a vapor pressure problem. Engineering Units

There are four standard unit sets and one user selected set available Mass Flow - English units. Pounds per hour and degrees Fahrenheit. Volume Flow - English Units. US gallons per minute and degrees Fahrenheit. Mass Flow - SI Units. Kilograms per second and degrees Centigrade. Volume Flow - SI Units. Litres per second and degrees Centigrade. User Units. A set of units selected from the Liquid Flow Engineering Unit screen. To make or change a User Unit set select the option Review units. The Liquid Flow Engineering Unit screen will be displayed. It shows the available options and the current unit selection. Select the required units and save the User file. Unit Selection A new calculation loads the default units, which can be any of the five available options. It is set up by selecting the required units under the Engineering Units menu, then going back into the same menu and saving it as the default. Two defaults are available, one for liquids, set in the liquid calculation and one for gas, set in the gas calculation. If process data is downloaded to a calculation which is displaying the wrong units, any of them can be overwritten with any of the five standard unit options without converting any of the data. To do this, under the Engineering Units menu, select the option Change units, no conversion , this will then allow one selection from the menu without conversion and then revert to normal operation. The Unit Selection can be made at any time. The input data will be converted to the new units. If a volumetric flow unit set is selected and the specific gravity at base conditions is not available the flow is set to zero. Units for any individual input entry can be changed by the selecting the Review Units option and choosing from the Liquid Flow Engineering Unit screen. Base Conditions The Base Conditions option will display the current values of base pressure, base temperature and the barometric pressure. They should be checked and modified and saved to suit the operating conditions. ISO specifies a base temperature of 14.696 psia (101.325 kilopascals) and 59 degF (15 degC). AGA specifies a base pressure of 14.73 psia for natural gas, 14.696 for liquids with a vapor pressure equal or less than one atmosphere, and a base temperature of 60 degF Fluid Properties The Fluid properties option is enabled when the pressure and temperature are entered. The properties required for a calculation are available for pure liquids and mixtures and are provided in the selected units. Caution should be used for mixtures of dissimilar fluids because the mixture law may not apply. For a pure liquid find the name and select (or double-click) the name, the fluid properties will be entered. For a mixture select the first component. In the component box, enter the percentage. Continue until the remaining percentage equals zero, then select calculate in

the component box and the program will calculate and enter the mixture values. The fluid properties data base can be user maintained Calculation options are Auto size Manual size Flowrate The auto size option starts at the smallest size and finds a suitable meter. The manual size calculates for the selected size. The flowrate option calculates the flow for the selected size. Select the calculation option and the necessary input data boxes are enabled. The required variable will be disabled and will receive the calculated value. Isolating Manifold This allows the sensor to be removed from the line without interrupting the flow. With low density fluids it affects the allowable minimum and maximum velocities. Special Size Option to allow input data for other sizes to be calculated. Input Data The enabled input boxes define the data required for the calculation. The maximum flow rate is the upper range value. The normal flow will be the point of greatest accuracy Calculate Click the Calculate button. The program will validate the input data, Calculate the output data Display the results Editing Data The output data should be examined for adequacy. Is the rangeability sufficient? Change data as required and recalculate Filing and Moving On The options in the File menu are -Program menu -- Clears the calculation and returns to the main menu. Prepare data sheet --Is enabled after a calculation is made, it displays the screen to prepare a data sheet form for the calculated item. New - Clears the screen for a new calculation. Save - Using the default path,. it saves a new record if not previously saved or saves changes to an existing record. Save New.-.Using the default path, it saves an existing record as a new record ( Used to duplicate similar items. i.e. Recall an existing record. Edit as required and Save New) Save As.... - Uses the Windows file access system. Saves to a file anywhere. Import data - Select the units and read Input data supplied in sequential files. File default path - Changes the default paths for the calculation records The default paths are The Data Files. (FG2DAT.TAG and FG2DAT.DAT).

the selecting the Review Units option and choosing from the Liquid Flow Engineering Unit screen. Base Conditions The Base Conditions option will display the current values of base pressure, base temperature and barometric pressure. They should be checked and modified and saved to suit the operating conditions. ISO specifies a base temperature of 14.696 psia (101.325 kilopascals) and 59 degF (15 degC). AGA specifies a base pressure of 14.73 psia for natural gas, 14.696 for liquids with a vapor pressure equal or less than one atmosphere, and a base temperature of 60 degF Fluid Properties The Fluid properties option is enabled when the pressure and temperature are entered. The properties required for a calculation are available for pure liquids and mixtures and are provided in the selected units. Caution should be used for mixtures of dissimilar fluids because the mixture law may not apply. For a pure liquid find the name and select (or double-click) the name, the fluid properties will be entered. For a mixture select the first component. In the component box, enter the percentage. Continue until the remaining percentage equals zero, then select calculate in the component box and the program will calculate and enter the mixture values. The fluid properties data base is user updateable Calculation options are Meter range Flowrate Select the calculation option and the necessary input data is enabled. The required variable will be disabled and will receive the calculated value. Input Data The enabled input boxes define the data required for the calculation. The maximum flow rate is the upper range value. Specific gravity at base conditions is only required for volumetric flow. Double click the Float specific gravity text box and select the float option Calculate Click the Calculate button. The program will validate the input data, Calculate the output data Display the results Editing Data The output data should be examined for adequacy. Is the calculated equivalent flow USgpm less than the meter rated USgpm? Is the viscosity less than the viscosity immunity ceiling? Change data as required and recalculate Filing and Moving On The options in the File menu are -Program menu -- Clears the calculation and returns to the main menu. Prepare data sheet --Is enabled after a calculation is made, it displays the screen to prepare a data sheet form for the calculated item. New - Clears the screen for a new calculation.

Save - Using the default path, it saves a new record if not previously saved or saves changes to an existing record. Save New.-.Using the default path, it saves an existing record as a new record ( Used to duplicate similar items. i.e. Recall an existing record. Edit as required and Save New) Save As.... - Uses the Windows file access system. Saves to a file anywhere. Import data - Select the units and read Input data supplied in sequential files. File default path - Changes the default paths for the calculation records The default paths are The Data Files. (FG2DAT.TAG and FG2DAT.DAT). The User Unit Files. (FG2DAT.UNS) The Printout Headings File (HEADINGS.DAT) Print calculation - Is enabled after a calculation is made. It displays the screen to print a calculation. Exit -- Leaves the program and returns to the Windows Program Manager FG2 Wedge Flow Meter Size Liquid Calculation Available in sizes from 1 inch to 12 inches, with 3 or 4 different wedges for each size, the differential is fixed for each size and wedge. The program will calculate the flow or differential pressure for the selected combination. Version 5. Option added. If the exact inlet pressure is not known, but a source pressure is known then use the option to calculate the flow element inlet pressure. First use an approximate inlet pressure and calculate the flow element to set up the variables, take the option and calculate the system losses, three cases are available. Transfer the selected case to the flow element calculation, re-select the fluid properties and recalculate the flow calculation. Light hyrocarbons may require a specific gravity correction. Volatile liquids may have a vapor pressure problem. There are four standard unit sets and one user selected set available Mass Flow - English units. Pounds per hour and degrees Fahrenheit Volume Flow - English Units. US gallons per minute and degrees Fahrenheit Mass Flow - SI Units. Kilograms per second and degrees Centigrade Volume Flow - SI Units. Litres per second and degrees Centigrade User Units. A set of units selected from the Liquid Flow Engineering Unit screen To make or change a User Unit set select the option Review units. The Liquid Flow Engineering Unit screen will be displayed. It shows the available options and the current unit selection. Select the required units and save the User file. Unit Selection A new calculation loads the default units, which can be any of the five available options. It is set up by selecting the required units under the Engineering Units menu, then going back into the same menu and saving it as the default. Two defaults are

available, one for liquids, set in the liquid calculation and one for gas, set in the gas calculation. If process data is downloaded to a calculation which is displaying the wrong units, any of them can be overwritten with any of the five standard unit options without converting any of the data. To do this, under the Engineering Units menu, select the option Change units, no conversion , this will then allow one selection from the menu without conversion and then revert to normal operation. The Unit Selection can be made at any time. The input data will be converted to the new units. If a volumetric flow unit set is selected and the specific gravity at standard conditions is not available the flow is set to zero. Units for any individual input entry can be changed by the selecting the Review Units option and choosing from the Liquid Flow Engineering Unit screen. Base Conditions The Base Conditions option will display the current values of base pressure, base temperature and barometric pressure. They should be checked and modified and saved to suit the operating conditions. ISO specifies a base temperature of 14.696 psia (101.325 kilopascals) and 59 degF (15 degC). AGA specifies a base pressure of 14.73 psia for natural gas, 14.696 for liquids with a vapor pressure equal or less than one atmosphere, and a base temperature of 60 degF Fluid Properties The Fluid properties option is enabled when the pressure and temperature are entered. The properties required for a calculation are available for pure liquids and mixtures and are provided in the selected units. Caution should be used for mixtures of dissimilar fluids because the mixture law may not apply. For a pure liquid find the name and select (or double-click) the name, the fluid properties will be entered. For a mixture select the first component. In the component box, enter the percentage. Continue until the remaining percentage equals zero, then select calculate in the component box and the program will calculate and enter the mixture values. The fluid properties data base is user updateable Calculation options are Differential Range Flowrate Select the calculation option and the necessary input data is enabled. The required variable will be disabled and will receive the calculated value. Wedge Ratio Select a wedge ratio Design Select either the Chemical Seal or the Standard design Material Selection Select the Element material to display the materials screen On the materials screen, select the required material. Repeat for the Meter tube material. Input Data The enabled input boxes define the data required for the calculation.

The maximum flow rate is the upper range value. The normal flow will be the point of greatest accuracy. Specific gravity at base conditions is only required for volumetric flow. Calculate Click the Calculate button. The program will validate the input data, Calculate the output data. Display the results Editing Data The output data should be examined for adequacy. Is the differential range sufficient? Try different wedge ratios Change data as required and recalculate Filing and Moving On The options in the File menu are -Program menu -- Clears the calculation and returns to the main menu. Prepare data sheet --Is enabled after a calculation is made, it displays the screen to prepare a data sheet form for the calculated item. New - Clears the screen for a new calculation. Save - Using the default path, it saves a new record if not previously saved or saves changes to an existing record. Save New.-.Using the default path, it saves an existing record as a new record ( Used to duplicate similar items. i.e. Recall an existing record. Edit as required and Save New) Save As.... - Uses the Windows file access system. Saves to a file anywhere. Import data - Select the units and read Input data supplied in sequential files. File default path - Changes the default paths for the calculation records The default paths are The Data Files. (FG2DAT.TAG and FG2DAT.DAT). The User Unit Files. (FG2DAT.UNS) The Printout Headings File (HEADINGS.DAT) Print calculation - Is enabled after a calculation is made. It displays the screen to print a calculation. Exit -- Leaves the program and returns to the Windows Program Manager FG2 Liquid Engineering Units The screen shows the process variables used in a liquid calculation and list the available options. To assure full coverage each (Except Flow Time Base) has an Other option. This is a user defined unit. Double click the option and it will display the name and multiplier to convert it to the standard units. The standard unit is always the first item in the list. The screen shows the current selection. Any unit may be chosen and will be used in the calculation if OK is selected. To create a User File for the User File Unit option in the calculation, select the desired units and click the save button A double click on any unit option selects that option and returns to the calculation.

Data conversion For all items except flow, the unit change represents only a multiplier to convert the input data and the data is always converted. The Flow Quantity option has Mass and Volume options. The relationship between mass flow and volume flow is a multiplier and the specific gravity of the fluid. It is conventional when measuring flow by volume that it be at a standard temperature (Usually 60 degrees Fahrenheit). Two specific gravity values are necessary for a volumetric flow calculation, mass flow cannot be converted to volume flow until the specific gravity at standard conditions is available. Conversion factors and units are based on API 2564 Definition of units Mass flow units : lb = pounds kg = kilograms tonne = 1000 kg = 1Mg g = gram UKton = 2240 lb USton = 2000 lb Other = user defined mass unit Volume flow units : USgal = US gallons litre = litres ft3 = cubic feet UKgal = UK gallons m3 = cubic metres bbl = barrels (42 US gallons) cm3 = cubic centimetres Other = user defined volumetric unit Flow time base : /s = per second /m = per minute /h = per hour /d = per day Gauge pressure : psig = pounds per square inch gauge kPag = kiloPascals gauge atg = atmospheres gauge inhgg = inches of mercury gauge MPag = megaPascals gauge inH2Og = inches of water gauge mmhgg = millimetres of mercury gauge barg = bars gauge kg/cm2g = kilograms per square centimetre gauge Other = user defined gauge pressure unit Absolute pressure : psia = pounds per square inch absolute

kPaa = kiloPascals absolute ata = atmospheres absolute inhga = inches mercury absolute MPaa = megaPascals absolute inH2Oa = inches of water absolute mmhga = millimetres mercury absolute bara = bars absolute kg/cm2a = kilograms per square centimetre absolute Other = user defined absolute pressure unit Temperature : degF = degrees Fahrenheit degF = degrees Centigrade degR = degrees Rankine degK = degrees Kelvin Other = user defined temperature unit Velocity ft/s = feet per second m/s = metres per second Other = user defined velocity Viscosity : cp = centipoises Pa.s = Pascal seconds cs = centistokes kPa.s = kiloPascal second Other = user defined viscosity unit Differential pressure : inH2O = inches of water kPa = kiloPascals inhg = inches of mercury mmH2O = millimetres of water mBar = millibars Other = user defined differential Pipe and orifice diameter : in = inches mm = millimetres cm = centimetres ft = feet m = metres Other = user defined size FG2 Material Selection The Drop Down Menu displays the material options. The temperature thermal expansion coefficients are selected with the material. A thermal correction for both pipe and flowmeter is made Either make a new selection (Double click or click then click OK).

Or click Cancel to return with no change. The program will return to the calculation. FG2 Calculation Data Printout This program will print the input and output calculation data and one associated comment. The comment is included in the data sheet for reference purposes It also creates the default printout headings. The headings are printed at the top of all printouts. They are saved in the HEADINGS.DAT file. This is the third default path. If all programs are set to the same path, this becomes the default headings for all program printouts Save. Saves the headings Cancel. Returns to the calculation form without printing OK. Prints the headings and calculation using the Windows Print Manager, then returns to the calculation form Fixed Geometry2 Data Sheet The first use of the data sheet is to obtain competitive bids. It should initially emphasize the engineering requirements and be fairly general regarding the details. When a vendor is selected it should be updated to the exact details so that the data sheet is a record of the instrument purchased. The relevant data from the calculation is automatically displayed. Minor editing , such as rounding can be performed. Major editing should be done in the calculation routine in order to preserve the integrity of the calculation A user defined data base is available to enter data for those inputs which have a limited number of options. To activate this, double click the input box, the data on file is displayed. Double click the required option and the data is transferred to the data sheet form. The data base should be customized for the project requirements. To edit the data; click the selected item. Edit the data in the active top line, select Replace, continue with the edit and Save on completion. The Input data menu option has option to enter either the first or the second item in the list for all items. If the data base is constructed so that the first item is the first standard selection and the second item is the second standard selection then two standard data sheets are available for a single keystroke. This feature only enters data into empty input boxes. Some input boxes require unique data which is typed in Space is provided to enter information for non standard options. Enter the title and data , it will be saved with the other data. Three lines of notes of special instructions are available at the bottom of the data sheet. The input data is limited to 25 characters and 60 characters for each of the notes. The data sheet is saved along with the other data in the calculation options. File options

The Unit Selection can be made at any time. The input data will be converted to the new units. If a volumetric flow unit set is selected and the molecular weight is not available the flow is set to zero. Units for any individual input entry can be changed by the selecting the Review Units option and choosing from the Gas Flow Engineering Unit screen. Base Conditions The Base Conditions option will display the current values of base pressure, base temperature and the barometric pressure. They should be checked and modified and saved to suit the operating conditions. ISO specifies a base temperature of 14.696 psia (101.325 kilopascals) and 59 degF (15 degC). AGA specifies a base pressure of 14.73 psia for natural gas, 14.696 for liquids with a vapor pressure equal or less than one atmosphere, and a base temperature of 60 degF Fluid Properties The Fluid properties option is enabled when the pressure and temperature are entered. The properties required for a calculation are available for pure gases and mixtures and are provided in the selected units. Caution should be used for mixtures of dissimilar fluids because the mixture law may not apply. For a pure gas find the name and select (or double-click) the name, the fluid properties will be entered. For a mixture select the first component. In the component box, enter the percentage. Continue until the remaining percentage equals zero, then select calculate in the component box and the program will calculate and enter the mixture values. The fluid properties data base can be user maintained Calculation options are Auto size Manual size Flowrate The auto size option starts at the smallest size and finds a suitable meter. The manual size calculates for the selected size. The flowrate option calculates the flow for the selected size. Select the calculation option and the necessary input data boxes are enabled. The required variable will be disabled and will receive the calculated value. Isolating Manifold This allows the sensor to be removed from the line without interrupting the flow. With low density fluids it affects the allowable minimum and maximum velocities. Special Size Option to allow input data for other sizes to be calculated. Input Data The enabled input boxes define the data required for the calculation. The maximum flow rate is the upper range value. The normal flow will be the point of greatest accuracy Calculate Click the Calculate button. The program will validate the input data, Calculate the output data

Volume Flow - SI Units. Standard cubic decimeters per second and degrees Centigrade User Units A set of units selected from the Gas Flow Engineering Unit screen To make or change a User Unit set select the option Review units. The Gas Flow Engineering Unit screen will be displayed. It shows the available options and the current unit selection. Select the required units and save the User file. Unit Selection A new calculation loads the default units, which can be any of the five available options. It is set up by selecting the required units under the Engineering Units menu, then going back into the same menu and saving it as the default. Two defaults are available, one for liquids, set in the liquid calculation and one for gas, set in the gas calculation. If process data is downloaded to a calculation which is displaying the wrong units, any of them can be overwritten with any of the five standard unit options without converting any of the data. To do this, under the Engineering Units menu, select the option Change units, no conversion , this will then allow one selection from the menu without conversion and then revert to normal operation. The Unit Selection can be made at any time. The input data will be converted to the new units. If a volumetric flow unit set is selected and the molecular weight is not available the flow is set to zero. Units for any individual input entry can be changed by the selecting the Review Units option and choosing from the Gas Flow Engineering Unit screen. Base Conditions The Base Conditions option will display the current values of base pressure, base temperature and barometric pressure. They should be checked and modified and saved to suit the operating conditions. ISO specifies a base temperature of 14.696 psia (101.325 kilopascals) and 59 degF (15 degC). AGA specifies a base pressure of 14.73 psia for natural gas, 14.696 for liquids with a vapor pressure equal or less than one atmosphere, and a base temperature of 60 degF Fluid Properties The Fluid properties option is enabled when the pressure and temperature are entered. The properties required for a calculation are available for pure gases and mixtures and are provided in the selected units. Caution should be used for mixtures of dissimilar fluids because the mixture law may not apply. For a pure gas find the name and select (or double-click) the name, the fluid properties will be entered. For a mixture select the first component. In the component box, enter the percentage. Continue until the remaining percentage equals zero, then select calculate in the component box and the program will calculate and enter the mixture values. The fluid properties data base is user updateable Calculation options are Meter range Flowrate Select the calculation option and the necessary input data is enabled. The required variable will be disabled and will receive the calculated value. Input Data

The enabled input boxes define the data required for the calculation. The maximum flow rate is the upper range value. Double click the Float specific gravity text box and select the float option Calculate Click the Calculate button. The program will validate the input data, Calculate the output data Display the results Editing Data The output data should be examined for adequacy. Is the calculated equivalent flow SCFM less than the meter rated SCFM? Change data as required and recalculate Filing and Moving On The options in the File menu are -Program menu -- Clears the calculation and returns to the main menu. Prepare data sheet --Is enabled after a calculation is made, it displays the screen to prepare a data sheet form for the calculated item. New -- Clears the screen for a new calculation. Save -- Using the default path, it saves a new record if not previously saved or saves changes to an existing record. Save New.-.Using the default path, it saves an existing record as a new record ( Used to duplicate similar items. i.e. Recall an existing record. Edit as required and Save New) Save As. -- Uses the Windows file access system. Saves to a file anywhere. Import data -- Select the units and read Input data supplied in sequential files. File default path -- Changes the default paths for the calculation records The default paths are The Data Files. (FG2DAT.TAG and FG2DAT.DAT). The User Unit Files. (FG2DAT.UNS) The Printout Headings File (HEADINGS.DAT) Print calculation - Is enabled after a calculation is made. It displays the screen to print a calculation. Exit -- Leaves the program and returns to the Windows Program Manager FG2 Wedge Flow Meter Size Gas Calculation Available in sizes from 1 inch to 12 inches, with 3 or 4 different wedges for each size, the differential is fixed for each size and wedge. The program will calculate the flow or differential pressure for the selected combination. Version 5. Option added. If the exact inlet pressure is not known, but a source pressure is known then use the option to calculate the flow element inlet pressure. First use an approximate inlet pressure and calculate the flow element to set up the variables, take the option and calculate the system losses, three cases are available. Transfer the selected case to the flow element calculation, re-select the fluid properties and recalculate the flow calculation. Gases will require a density correction.

Engineering Units There are four standard unit sets and one user selected set available Mass Flow - English units. Pounds per hour and degrees Fahrenheit Volume Flow - English Units. Standard cubic feet per minute and degrees Fahrenheit Mass Flow - SI Units. Kilograms per second and degrees Centigrade Volume Flow - SI Units. Standard cubic decimeters per second and degrees Centigrade User Units. A set of units selected from the Gas Flow Engineering Unit screen To make or change a User Unit set select the option Review units. The Gas Flow Engineering Unit screen will be displayed. It shows the available options and the current unit selection. Select the required units and save the User file. Unit Selection A new calculation loads the default units, which can be any of the five available options. It is set up by selecting the required units under the Engineering Units menu, then going back into the same menu and saving it as the default. Two defaults are available, one for liquids, set in the liquid calculation and one for gas, set in the gas calculation. If process data is downloaded to a calculation which is displaying the wrong units, any of them can be overwritten with any of the five standard unit options without converting any of the data. To do this, under the Engineering Units menu, select the option Change units, no conversion , this will then allow one selection from the menu without conversion and then revert to normal operation. The Unit Selection can be made at any time. The input data will be converted to the new units. If a volumetric flow unit set is selected and the molecular weight is not available the flow is set to zero. Units for any individual input entry can be changed by the selecting the Review Units option and choosing from the Gas Flow Engineering Unit screen. Base Conditions The Base Conditions option will display the current values of base pressure, base temperature and barometric pressure. They should be checked and modified and saved to suit the operating conditions. ISO specifies a base temperature of 14.696psia (101.325kilopascals) and 59 degF (15 degC). AGA specifies a base pressure of 14.73psia for natural gas, 14.696 for liquids with a vapor pressure equal or less tha one atmosphere, and a base temperature of 60 degF Fluid Properties The Fluid properties option is enabled when the pressure and temperature are entered. The properties required for a calculation are available for pure gases and mixtures and are provided in the selected units. Caution should be used for mixtures of dissimilar fluids because the mixture law may not apply. For a pure gas find the name and select (or double-click) the name, the fluid properties will be entered. For a mixture select the first component. In the component box, enter the percentage. Continue until the remaining percentage equals zero, then select calculate in

the component box and the program will calculate and enter the mixture values. The fluid properties data base is user updatable Calculation options are Differential Range Flowrate Select the calculation option and the necessary input data is enabled. The required variable will be disabled and will receive the calculated value. Wedge Ratio Select a wedge ratio Design Select either the Chemical Seal or the Standard design Material Selection Select the Element material to display the materials screen On the materials screen, select the required material. Repeat for the Meter tube material. Input Data The enabled input boxes define the data required for the calculation. The maximum flow rate is the upper range value. The normal flow will be the point of greatest accuracy. Calculate Click the Calculate button. The program will validate the input data, Calculate the output data. Display the results Editing Data The output data should be examined for adequacy. Is the differential range sufficient? Try different wedge ratios Change data as required and recalculate Filing and Moving On The options in the File menu are -Program menu -- Clears the calculation and returns to the main menu. Prepare data sheet --Is enabled after a calculation is made, it displays the screen to prepare a data sheet form for the calculated item. New - Clears the screen for a new calculation. Save - Using the default path, it saves a new record if not previously saved or saves changes to an existing record. Save New.-.Using the default path, it saves an existing record as a new record ( Used to duplicate similar items. i.e. Recall an existing record. Edit as required and Save New) Save As.... - Uses the Windows file access system. Saves to a file anywhere. Import data - Select the units and read Input data supplied in sequential files. File default path - Changes the default paths for the calculation records The default paths are The Data Files. (FG2DAT.TAG and FG2DAT.DAT).

The User Unit Files. (FG2DAT.UNS) The Printout Headings File (HEADINGS.DAT) Print calculation - Is enabled after a calculation is made. It displays the screen to print a calculation. Exit -- Leaves the program and returns to the Windows Program Manager Fixed Geometry2 Summary The program will provide a printout summary of data sheet records on file. It can provide a printout of either -All fields Selected fields Fields equal to Fields not equal to Fields equal to or less than Fields equal to or greater than Fields less than Fields more than Procedure for a new Summary Select Options Clear checks Clears all check on the form Clear Other Data Clears all other data on the form Make new field selections Each field has four boxes-A check box to select the field A box to specify the field width A box to enter data to compare A box to specify the compare method (Double click for data) Select data relationship And or or Click Print to print using Windows Print Manager File Options Save print options Saves a standard printout Go to Program Menu Form Returns to program menu for further work on this module Exit Returns to the Windows Program Manager Procedure for a standard printout Select Options Recall saved options Print Procedure to print all fields Select Options Check all Print

Other Options Select font Windows font selection procedure Select Printer Windows Print manager FG2 Gas Engineering Units The screen shows the process variables used in a liquid calculation and list the available options. To assure full coverage each (Except Flow Time Base) has an Other option. This is a user defined unit. Double click the option and it will display the name and multiplier to convert it to the standard units. The standard unit is always the first item in the list. The screen shows the current selection. Any unit may be chosen and will be used in the calculation if OK is selected. To create a User File for the User File Unit option in the calculation, select the desired units and click the save button A double click on any unit option selects that option and returns to the calculation. Data Conversion For all items except flow, the unit change represents only a multiplier to convert the input data and the data is always converted. The Flow Quantity option has Mass and Volume options. The relationship between mass flow and volume flow is a multiplier and the molecular weight of the gas, conversion can only be made when the molecular weight has been entered. Conversion factors and units are based on API 2564 Definition of units Mass flow units : lb = pounds kg = kilograms tonne = 1000 kg = 1Mg g = gram UKton = 2240 lb USton = 2000 lb Other = user defined mass unit Volume flow units : sft3 = standard cubic feet sdm3 = standard cubic decimetres sm3 = standard cubic metres Msft3 = million standard cubic feet Other = user defined volume unit Time base : /s = per second /m = per minute /h = per hour /d = per day Gauge pressure : psig = pounds per square inch gauge

kPag = kiloPascals gauge atg = atmospheres gage inhgg = inches of mercury gauge MPag = megaPascals gauge inH2Og = inches of water gauge mmhgg = millimetres of mercury gauge barg = bars gauge kg/cm2g = kilograms per square centimetre gauge Other = user defined gauge pressure unit Absolute pressure : psia = pounds per square inch absolute kPaa = kiloPascals absolute ata = atmospheres absolute bara = bars absolute Mpaa = megaPascals absolute kg/cm2a = kilograms per square centimetre absolute inhga = inches of mercury absolute mmhga = millimetres of mercury absolute Other = user defined absolute pressure unit Temperature : degF = degrees Fahrenheit degF = degrees Centigrade degR = degrees Rankine degK = degrees Kelvin Other = user defined temperature unit Velocity ft/s = feet per second m/s = metres per second Other = user defined velocity Viscosity : cp = centipoises Pa.s = Pascal seconds cs = centistokes kPa.s = kiloPascal seconds Other = user defined viscosity unit Differential pressure : inH2O = inches of water kPa = kiloPascals inhg = inches of mercury mmH2O = millimetres of water mBar = millibars Other = user defined differential Pipe and orifice diameter : in = inches mm = millimetres

cm = centimetres ft = feet m = metres Other = user defined size Density lb/ft3 = pounds per cubic foot kg/m3 = kilograms per cubic metre g/cm3 = grams per cubic centimetre lb/in3 = pounds per cubic inch Other = user defined density unit

FIXED GEOMETRY2 Data Files INSTRUCALC V4 Random access file specification for FG2 flow elements FG2DAT.Dat. Tag Numbers are stored in the sequential file FG2DAT.TAG. Its number in the file is the record number in the random access file. _____________________________________ Type FileData 'Calculation info ProgNum As Integer 2 bytes.Program number Liq<6:Gas>20 ElemMatlNom As Integer 2 bytes.Element material number PipeMatlNum As Integer 2 bytes Pipe material FloBasis As String * 3 3 bytes."Mas" denotes a mass calculation, "Vol" a volume Code As String * 3 3 bytes. "Yes" or "No" for drainhole FS(1 To 15) As Single 60 bytes.Units conversion factor GS(1 To 20) As Single 80 bytes.Variable data UnS(1 To 15) As String * 8 120 bytes.Unit Name 'Data sheet info SdS(1 To 7) As Single 28 bytes. AraS(1 To 22) As String * 25 550 bytes.Data sheet array selections Txt1(1 To 3) As String * 25 75 bytes.Data sheet service,line num, fluid Txt2(1 To 3) As String * 60 180 bytes.Data sheet notes TXT3(1 To 7) As String * 1070 bytes.Data sheet num,spec,rev,date,req,by,appr End Type Record len=1175 __________________________________________ Common for all Elements ElemMatlNom and PipeMatlNum If material number = 1 Then Material = "301 stainless steel" If material number = 2 Then Material = "304 stainless steel" If material number = 3 Then Material = "310 stainless steel" If material number = 4 Then Material = "316 stainless steel" If material number = 5 Then Material = "330 stainless steel" If material number = 6 Then Material = "347 stainless steel" If material number = 7 Then Material = "Aluminum bronze" If material number = 8 Then Material = "Beryllium copper" If material number = 9 Then Material = "Carbon steel" If material number = 10 Then Material = "Copper" If material number = 11 Then Material = "Cupronickel" If material number = 12 Then Material = "Hastelloy B" If material number = 13 Then Material = "Hastelloy C"

If material number = 14 Then Material = "Haynes Stellite 25" If material number = 15 Then Material = "Inconel X" If material number = 16 Then Material = "K - Monel" If material number = 17 Then Material = "Nickel" If material number = 18 Then Material = "Pyrex glass" If material number = 19 Then Material = "Tantalum" If material number = 20 Then Material = "Titanium" FloBasis "Mas" denotes a mass calculation, "Vol" a volume _____________________________________________ Liquid _______________________________________________________ If ProgNum = 2 Then Program = "Vortex meter - liquid" Code = "No" or "Yes" for an Isolating manifold Code = ""Oth" for other sizing GS(1) = Maximum flow FS(1) UnS(1) GS(2) = Flow temperature UnS(2) GS(3) = Inlet pressure FS(3) UnS(3) GS(5) = Specific gravity at flow conditions GS(6) = Specific gravity at standard conditions GS(7) = Viscosity FS(7) UnS(7) GS(8) = Nominal size FS() UnS(8) GS(10) = Vapor pressure FS(10) UnS(10) GS(12) = Flowmeter bore diameter FS(12) UnS(12) GS(13) = Base pressure FS(13) UnS(13) GS(14) = Base temperature UnS(14) GS(15) = Barometric pressure FS(15) UnS(15) GS(18) = Flow meter bore area UnS(12)+2 SDS(1) = Maximum flowrate FS(1) UnS(1) SDS(2) = Minimum flowrate FS(1) UnS(1) SDS(5) = Chart multiplier SDS(6) = Minimum allowable velocity FS(5) UnS(5) SDS(7) = Maximum allowable velocity FS(5) UnS(5) _________________________________________________ If ProgNum = 4 Then Program = "Rotameter - liquid" GS(1) = Maximum flow FS(1) UnS(1) GS(2) = Flow temperature UnS(2) GS(3) = Inlet pressure FS(3) UnS(3) GS(5) = Specific gravity at flow conditions GS(6) = Specific gravity at standard conditions GS(7) = Viscosity FS(7) UnS(7) GS(8) = Float specific gravity GS(12) = Viscosity immunity ceiling GS(13) = Base pressure FS(13) UnS(13) GS(14) = Base temperature UnS(14) GS(15) = Barometric pressure FS(15) UnS(15)

GS(18) = Rotameter URV USgpm water SDS(1) = Maximum flow in USgpm water equivalent SDS(2) = Rotameter allowable flow in selected units FS(1) UnS(1) SDS(5) = Chart multiplier _________________________________________________ If ProgNum = 5 Then Program = "Wedge flow meter - liquid" Code = "Che" for chemical seal design, "Std" for standard GS(1) = Maximum flow FS(1) UnS(1) GS(2) = Flow temperature UnS(2) GS(3) = Inlet pressure FS(3) UnS(3) GS(4) = Differential range FS(4) UnS(4) GS(5) = Specific gravity at flow conditions GS(6) = Specific gravity at standard conditions GS(8) = Nominal size UnS(8) GS(12) = Wedge ratio GS(13) = Base pressure FS(13) UnS(13) GS(14) = Base temperature UnS(14) GS(15) = Barometric pressure FS(15) UnS(15) GS(18) = Normal flow FS(1) UnS(1) SDS(1) = Normal flow differential FS(4) UnS(4) SDS(5) = Chart multiplier _________________________________________________ Gas _____________________________________________________ If ProgNum = 22 Then Program = "Vortex meter - gas" Code = "No" or "Yes" for an Isolating manifold Code = "Oth" for other sizing GS(1) = Maximum flow FS(1) UnS(1) GS(2) = Flow temperature UnS(2) GS(3) = Inlet pressure FS(3) UnS(3) GS(5) = Molecular weight GS(6) = Ratio of specific heats GS(7) = Viscosity FS(7) UnS(7) GS(8) = Nominal size UnS(8) GS(9) = Density FS(9) UnS(9) GS(10) = Critical pressure FS(10) UnS(10) GS(11) = Critical temperature UnS(11) GS(12) = Flow meter bore diameter FS(12) UnS(12) GS(13) = Base pressure FS(13) UnS(13) GS(14) = Base temperature UnS(14) GS(15) = Barometric pressure FS(15) UnS(15) GS(18) = Flow meter bore area UnS(12)+2 SDS(1) = Maximum flowrate FS(1) UnS(1) SDS(2) = Minimum flowrate FS(1) UnS(1) SDS(5) = Chart multiplier SDS(6) = Minimum allowable velocity FS(5) UnS(5)

## SDS(7) = Maximum allowable velocity

FS(5) UnS(5)

_______________________________________________ If ProgNum = 24 Then Program = "Rotameter - gas" GS(1) = Maximum flow FS(1) UnS(1) GS(2) = Flow temperature UnS(2) GS(3) = Inlet pressure FS(3) UnS(3) GS(5) = Molecular weight GS(8) = Float specific gravity GS(9) = Density FS(9) UnS(9) GS(10) = Critical pressure FS(10) UnS(10) GS(11) = Critical temperature FS(11) UnS(11) GS(13) = Base pressure FS(13) UnS(13) GS(14) = Base temperature UnS(14) GS(15) = Barometric pressure FS(15) UnS(15) GS(18) = Rotameter URV SCFM air SDS(1) = Maximum flow in SCFM air equivalent SDS(2) = Rotameter allowable flow in selected units FS(1) Uns(1) SDS(5) = Chart multiplier _____________________________________________ If ProgNum = 25 Then Program = "Wedge flow meter - gas" Code = "Che" for chemical seal design, "Std" for standard GS(1) = Maximum flow FS(1) UnS(1) GS(2) = Flow temperature UnS(2) GS(3) = Inlet pressure FS(3) UnS(3) GS(4) = Differential range FS(4) UnS(4) GS(5) = Molecular weight GS(6) = Ratio of specific heats GS(8) = Nominal size UnS(8) GS(9) = Density FS(9) UnS(9) GS(10) = Critical pressure FS(10) UnS(10) GS(11) = Critical temperature UnS(11) GS(12) = Wedge ratio GS(13) = Base pressure FS(13) UnS(13) GS(14) = Base temperature UnS(14) GS(15) = Barometric pressure FS(15) UnS(15) GS(18) = Normal flow FS(1) UnS(1) SDS(1) = Normal flow differential FS(4) UnS(4) SDS(5) = Chart multiplier _____________________________________________________ Miscellaneous Files FG2DAT.UNS Sequential file. User unit data FG2DAT.STP. Sequential file. Base conditions FG2SPEC.TXT. Sequential file. Data sheet item selections HEADINGS.DAT Sequential file. Printout titles

FG2SUM.DAT Sequential file. Standard summary selections FG2CALC.DRV Sequential file. Default drives and paths FG2CALC.COL Sequential file. Color selections FG2 Import Process Data To Import process data into a calculation Make a sequential file for each calculation. Files to have a filename(Suggest the tag number) with no extension (ie FE-100.). After INSTRUCALC reads the file it will rename the file to "FILENAME.OK". This will divide the files into two lists, those which have been processed and those which have not. To read a file. 1. Go to the required calculation and select the required units. 2. Take the Import data menu option. 3. Find the required file. (Using standard Windows procedures) 4. Select the file and the data will be loaded. 5. Proceed with the calculation and save the data. (Now in the INSTRUCALC file) 6. The sequential file will be assigned the extension ".OK". and will disappear from the list. 7. If a review is required, use the Windows file procedures for files with an extension ".OK" 8. Revised process data should be provided without extensions. The Instrument engineer will then have an instant review of work not yet performed. Data input sequential file requirements (In input order) ________________________________ Rotameter Gas Flowmeter 1 Tag number Seq file 2 Fluid name Txt1(3) 3 Required flow G(1) 4 Temperature G(2) 5 Inlet pressure G(3) 6 MW G(5) 7 Density G(9) 8 Critical pressure G(10) 9 Critical temperature G(11) 10 Line number Txt1(1) 11 Service Txt1(2) _______________________________ Rotameter Liquid Flowmeter 1 Tag number Seq file 2 Fluid name Txt1(3) 3 Required flow G(1) 4 Temperature G(2) 5 Inlet pressure G(3) 6 SG @ FTP G(5)

## G(6) G(7) Txt1(2) Txt1(1)

___________________________________ Vortex Gas Flow Element 1 Tag number (Seq file) 2 Fluid name Txt1(3) 3 Maximum flow G(1) 4 Temperature G(2) 5 Inlet pressure G(3) 6 Mw G(5) 7 Cp/Cv G(6) 8 Viscosity G(7) 9 Density G(8) 10 Critical pressure G(10) 11 Critical temp G(11) 12 Line number Txt1(2) 13 Service Txt1(2) _________________________________ Vortex Liquid Flow Element 1 Tag number Seq file 2 Fluid name Txt1(3) 3 Maximum flow G(1) 4 Temperature G(2) 5 Inlet pressure G(3) 6 SG @ FTP G(5) 7 SG@ Base G(6) 8 Viscosity G(7) 9 Line number Txt1(2) 10 Service Txt1(1) _______________________________ Wedge Gas Flowmeter 1 Tag number (Seq file) 2 Fluid name 3 Maximum flow 4 Normal flow 5 Temperature 6 Inlet pressure 7 Mw 8 Cp/Cv 9 Viscosity 10 Density 11 Critical pressure 12 Critical temp Txt1(3) G(1) G(18) G(2) G(3) G(5) G(6) G(7) G(8) G(10) G(11)

13 Line number Txt1(2) 14 Service Txt1(2) _________________________________ Wedge Liquid Flowmeter 1 Tag number Seq file 2 Fluid name Txt1(3) 3 Maximum flow G(1) 4 Normal flow G(18) 5 Temperature G(2) 6 Inlet pressure G(3) 7 Differential range G(4) 8 SG @ FTP G(5) 9 SG@ Base G(6) 10 Pipe size G(1) 11 Line number Txt1(2) 12 Service Txt1(1) Fixed Geometry2 Pipe Inside Diameter The orifice pipe run is the straight sections of pipe, upstream and downstream of the orifice plate, as specified in ISO 5167 and AGA3 and ANSI 2530. The ISO pipe inside diameter is the average 0f 12 measurements of the upstream section of the meter measured at a room temperature. Initially, in most cases, the orifice pipe run is not available and the standard size is used. This is available in a program look-up table. To find the size, select the meter run size button to display the pipe size screen, enter the nominal size of the pipe and select the search button. The available wall thickness and the corresponding inside diameters for the nominal size are displayed. Select the required size and it will be transferred to the calculation. When the meter tube becomes available, measure the inside diameter and back calculate either the amended flow rate or differential pressure. Metric dimensions are in millimeters and nominal sizes are base on 25 mm per nominal inch. If Units other than inches or millimeters are used, the data transferred back to the calculation will be converted to the calculation units.