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You are on page 1of 15

, AUGUST 2013

TECHNICAL NOTE

FRAME STRESS CALCULATION

Introduction

This document introduces the stress point locations of frame sections, and how the software calculates axial stress,

shear-stress, principal stress, and Von Mises stress at each stress point. The frame sections addressed in this

document include I section, Built-Up I section, Hybrid I section, T section, Channel section, Pipe section, Box

section, Circular section and Rectangular section. For the section designer section, the users are allowed to define

their own stress points simply following the procedure as shown in the figure below. For the frame sections that are

not addressed here, only the axial stress will be available at the centroid location and the four corners of the

bounding box of the section.

Frame Stress Calculation

Page 1 of 15

Technical Note

Stress Formulas

The axial stress S11 is parallel to the section local axis 1 on the plane 1 (the plane with normal direction

parallel to the section local axis 1):

In which

and

and the r is the material E ratio

The shear stress S12 is parallel to the section local axis 2 on the plane 1 and S13 is parallel to the section

local axis 3 on the plane 1. The shear stress is contributed from shear forces , and torsion .

Shear stress due to shear force:

Saint Venant Torsional stress:

For a point i on the section, the shear stresses S12 and S13 can be represented as:

In which

and

Important Note: These shear stresses are calculated for the Built-Up I and Hybrid I sections assuming that

the E ratio r = 1. Although the axial stress S11 accounts for different values of E, the shear stresses do not.

The principal stresses are calculated from Mohrs circle as:

In which

(

Page 2 of 15

Technical Note

The general von Mises stress equation can be expressed as:

)]

Considering only stresses S11, S12 and S13, the above equation can be simplified as:

Page 3 of 15

Technical Note

x2

7 tf

5

t2

h1

tw

t3

x3

0

h2

4

3

tfb

2

t2b

Point i

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Stress (j)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

f1jV2(i)

[

f1jV3(i)

]

f1jT(i)

0

(

0

)

0

0

Page 4 of 15

Technical Note

x2

14 (11)

tfcp

13 (10)

12 (9)

t2cp

h1

x3

h2

tfbcp

11

10

t2bcp

Point i

Stress (j)

f1jV2(i)

f1jV3(i)

0

0

S12 (1)

9

0

0

S13 (2)

0

0

S12 (1)

10

(

) (

)

S13 (2)

0

0

S12 (1)

11

0

0

S13 (2)

0

0

S12 (1)

12 (9)*

0

0

S13 (2)

0

0

S12 (1)

13 (10)*

(

) (

)

S13 (2)

0

0

S12 (1)

14 (11)*

0

0

S13 (2)

* Note: In the case of no bottom cover plate, points 12-14 become points 9-11.

f1jT(i)

0

0

0

0

0

0

Page 5 of 15

Technical Note

T Section

x2

5

tf

4

2

x3

h1

t3

tw

h2

t3

1

t2

Point i

0

1

2

3

4

5

Stress (j)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

f1jV2(i)

[

f1jV3(i)

]

0

)

f1jT(i)

0

0

0

(

Page 6 of 15

Technical Note

Channel Section - 1

11

10

8

7

x3

t3

w1

w2

tw

tf

5

t2

Point i

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

9

10

11

Stress (j)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

f1jV3(i)

f1jT(i)

0

(

)

)

0

(

) ]

0

)

0

)

0

(

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

f1jV2(i)

0

0

]

[

Page 7 of 15

Technical Note

Channel Section - 2

10

11

8

7

x3

w2

t3

w1

tw

tf

5

4

3

t2

Point i

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Stress (j)

S12 (1)

f1jV2(i)

[

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

9

S13 (2)

10

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

11

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

[

[

0

)

0

0

)

)

) ]

0

)

0

)

0

(

[

[

(

]

]

[

f1jT(i)

]

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

f1jV3(i)

0

)

[

]

[

]

Page 8 of 15

Technical Note

Pipe Section

x2

8

7

6

tw

x3

4

5

r

R

2

3

1

Point i

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Stress (j)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

f1jV2(i)

f1jV3(i)

0

0

0

0

f1jT(i)

Page 9 of 15

Technical Note

Circular Section

x2

8

7

x3

0

4

5

R

2

3

1

Point i

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Stress (j)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

f1jV2(i)

f1jV3(i)

f1jT(i)

Page 10 of 15

Technical Note

Rectangular Section

For Saint Venant Torsional stress:

x2

7

x3

0

2b= t3

2a = t2

Point i

0

1

2

3

4

5

6

7

8

Stress (j)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

f1jV2(i)

f1jV3(i)

f1jT(i)

0

[

Page 11 of 15

Technical Note

Values of

1

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.7

2.8

2.9

3

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7

3.8

3.9

4

0.675314

0.719777

0.758764

0.792722

0.822151

0.847562

0.869444

0.888248

0.904383

0.918214

0.930060

0.940200

0.948876

0.956297

0.962644

0.968070

0.972709

0.976674

0.980064

0.982961

0.985438

0.987554

0.989363

0.990910

0.992231

0.993360

0.994325

0.995150

0.995855

0.996458

0.996973

4

4.1

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

4.6

4.7

4.8

4.9

5

5.1

5.2

5.3

5.4

5.5

5.6

5.7

5.8

5.9

6

6.1

6.2

6.3

6.4

6.5

6.6

6.7

6.8

6.9

7

, in which

0.996973

0.997413

0.997789

0.998110

0.998385

0.998620

0.998820

0.998992

0.999138

0.999264

0.999371

0.999462

0.999540

0.999607

0.999664

0.999713

0.999755

0.999790

0.999821

0.999847

0.999869

0.999888

0.999904

0.999918

0.999930

0.999940

0.999949

0.999956

0.999963

0.999968

0.999973

7

7.1

7.2

7.3

7.4

7.5

7.6

7.7

7.8

7.9

8

8.1

8.2

8.3

8.4

8.5

8.6

8.7

8.8

8.9

9

9.1

9.2

9.3

9.4

9.5

9.6

9.7

9.8

9.9

10

0.999973

0.999977

0.999980

0.999983

0.999985

0.999988

0.999989

0.999991

0.999992

0.999993

0.999994

0.999995

0.999996

0.999996

0.999997

0.999997

0.999998

0.999998

0.999998

0.999999

0.999999

0.999999

0.999999

0.999999

0.999999

0.999999

1.000000

1.000000

1.000000

1.000000

1.000000

Page 12 of 15

Technical Note

Values of

1

1.1

1.2

1.3

1.4

1.5

1.6

1.7

1.8

1.9

2

2.1

2.2

2.3

2.4

2.5

2.6

2.7

2.8

2.9

3

3.1

3.2

3.3

3.4

3.5

3.6

3.7

3.8

3.9

4

0.675318

0.692860

0.705928

0.715613

0.722762

0.728024

0.731890

0.734725

0.736803

0.738323

0.739436

0.740249

0.740844

0.741279

0.741596

0.741829

0.741998

0.742122

0.742212

0.742279

0.742327

0.742362

0.742388

0.742407

0.742420

0.742430

0.742438

0.742443

0.742447

0.742450

0.742452

4

4.1

4.2

4.3

4.4

4.5

4.6

4.7

4.8

4.9

5

5.1

5.2

5.3

5.4

5.5

5.6

5.7

5.8

5.9

6

6.1

6.2

6.3

6.4

6.5

6.6

6.7

6.8

6.9

7

, in which

0.742452

0.742454

0.742455

0.742455

0.742456

0.742456

0.742457

0.742457

0.742457

0.742457

0.742457

0.742457

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

7

7.1

7.2

7.3

7.4

7.5

7.6

7.7

7.8

7.9

8

8.1

8.2

8.3

8.4

8.5

8.6

8.7

8.8

8.9

9

9.1

9.2

9.3

9.4

9.5

9.6

9.7

9.8

9.9

10

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

0.742458

Page 13 of 15

Technical Note

Box Section

x2

15

16

13

14

12

10

11

Where

tw

9

t3

x3

tf

4

2

t2

Point i

1

Stress (j)

S12 (1)

f1jV2(i)

[

S13 (2)

4

5

6

7

8

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

0

[

)

(

0

)

0

(

0

(

]

[

0

(

) ]

0

(

]

[

0

(

S13 (2)

f1jT(i)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

f1jV3(i)

) ]

0

0

Page 14 of 15

Technical Note

9

10

11

12

13

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

14

S13 (2)

15

16

S13 (2)

) ]

0

)

0

(

(

]

0

(

[

]

[

]

0

[

0

)

0

(

S12 (1)

S13 (2)

S12 (1)

]

]

0

(

[

[

) ]

]

]

[

]

[

]

Page 15 of 15

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