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SPECIAL EDIITION FOR THE 20TH AU SUMMIT

Issue 05, January 27, 2013

Note from the Editor
On 2ndJanuary, the Directorate of Informarion and Communication (DIC) put out a call through the Outlook e-mail service, to all AUC staff members wishing to contribute to the daily summit newsletter, the AU ECHO. The call said contributions should be based on the theme of the summit, i.e. “Pan Africanism and African Renaissance” and that photographs or other relevant imagery/ graphics that complemented the articles would be welcome. However, other topics of relevance to the AUC priorities would also be welcome. This edition of the AU ECHO features all the contributions made. In this respect, the DIC applauds the Department of Social Affairs; Mr MIS Gassama; Mr Seth Kwaku; the Knowledge Management Division; Mr Julius Kagamba Singoma, partnership for Aflatoxin control in Africa and Dr Oumou M Camara for their interest and encourages other AUC staff members to continue presenting their features, not just for the AU ECHO but also for the monthly AUC NEWS.

WATCH SUMMIT EVENTS LIVE ON: www.au.int

PAN-AFRICANISM AND AFRICAN RENAISSANCE
Compiled by the Department of Social Affairs realization of the Pan-African objective would lead to “power consolidation in Africa”, which “would compel a reallocation of global resources. United, African nations will have the economic, political and social clout to act and compete on the world stage. As a philosophy, Pan-Africanism represents the aggregation of the historical, cultural, spiritual, artistic, scientific and philosophical legacies of Africans from past times to the present. PanAfricanism as an ethical system traces its origins from ancient times, and promotes values that are the product of the African civilization and the struggles against slavery, racism, colonialism, and neo-colonialism. The foundations of contemporary Pan-Africanism were laid by the Fifth Pan-African Congress held in Manchester, United Kingdom in 1945, at which Du Bois was active, together with Dr. Kwame. Nkrumah, Jomo Kenyatta, and other figures in the African liberation movement. The Manchester Congress drew up the general outline of a practical programme for the political liberation of Africa. Proposing the task of liberating all the peoples of Africa, regardless of their race, the Pan-African movement contributed to the general upsurge in the liberation struggle in Africa Pan-Africanism is also seen as an endeavour to return to “traditional” African concepts about culture, society, and values. Examples of this include Léopold Sédar Senghor’s Négritude movement, and Mobutu Sese Seko’s view of Authenticité.

The African Union Assembly has adopted the theme of the Summits of 2013 as ‘Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance” The theme is in line with the celebration of the 50th Anniversary of the Organization of African Unity (OAU)/African Union (AU). This article aims at discussing the concepts of Pan-Africanism, and African Renaissance as well as the inter-relation between these two concepts and to refer to activities and programmes that the African Union, as the largest Pan-African Institution on the continent, is carrying out to promote Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance,. This article deals with Pan-Africanism and African Renaissance. PAN-AFRICANISM Pan-Africanism is an ideology and movement that encourages the solidarity of Africans worldwide. It is based on the belief that unity is vital to economic, social and political progress and aims to “unify and uplift” people of African descent. The ideology asserts that the fates of all African peoples and countries are intertwined. At its core Pan-Africanism is “a belief that African peoples, both on the continent and in the Diaspora, share not merely a common history, but a common destiny” . Pan-Africanism stresses the need for a “collective self-reliance” Pan-Africanism exists as a governmental and grassroots objective as outlined by Pan-African leaders, such as Kwame Nkrumah, and Muammar Gaddafi, as well as grassroots advocates such as Marcus Garvey and Malcolm X, academic advocates such as W. E. B. Du Bois and others in the diaspora. Solidarity will enable self-reliance, allowing the continent’s potential to independently provide for its people to be fulfilled. Crucially, an all-African alliance will empower African peoples globally. The

Pan-Africanism is “a belief that African peoples, both on the continent and in the Diaspora, share not merely a common history, but a common destiny”

the successor to the OAU. Efforts to promote even greater African economic. social. the Organization of African Unity the OAU . identifying their specific geniuses and studying some aspects of grammar that have thus far been ignored by specialists. etc. President Mbeki articulated the elements that comprise the African Renaissance: • • • • social cohesion. African Union’s Contribution to African Renaissance Since its inception in 1963. heralding the beginning of the African Renaissance. language remains key to achieving this grand objective for the continent. business. scientific. science and technology. When Africans overcome their differences to unite. a successor organization to the OAU. and political integration led to the establishment in 2001 of the African Union (AU). Diop charges African writers with the task of writing for an African audience in African languages.African Union’s contribution to Pan-Africanism In 1963 the Organization of African Unity (OAU). While we can talk about African Renaissance in relation to music. and replace them with a more just and equitable order. The concept of African Renaissance was also popularized by South African President Thabo Mbeki during his term of office and also by other African leaders. was established in Addis Ababa. he specifically makes useful recommendations for language policy and planning research that aims at establishing relations between African languages. democracy. defend the sovereignty and territorial integrity of members. nutrition and health. has embarked on a struggle for a united Africa and economic independence. to promote unity and cooperation among all African states and to bring an end to colonialism. elitism. He also urges Africans (led by African intellectuals) to take pride in their heritage. culture. Education and the reversal of the “brain drain” may help in promoting African renaissance. and the collapse of order in Member States. economic. He mentions that the African is forced to make double efforts to assimilate the meaning of words and then through a second intellectual effort. and the establishment of Africa as a significant player in geo-political affairs. Relating language to African Renaissance explicitly. Ethiopia. Further. The African Renaissance concept was first articulated by Cheikh Anta Diop in a series of essays beginning in 1946. The African Union. 1946-1960” The book gets to the heart of issues that dominate Diop’s thought as an intellectual and a scholar on Africa.began a long time ago. economic rebuilding and growth. and development that would change the lives of Africans for the better. In summary African Renaissance is a philosophical and political movement to end the violence. It has its headquarters in Gaborone. corruption and poverty that seem to plague the African continent. aggression or subversion against one member by another. The OAU was established: to promote unity and development. The OAU struggled with border disputes. Botswana. encouraging education and the reversal of the “brain drain” of African intellectuals. and to take charge of their lives. The main areas of work of the institute include: development of African human resources. sculpture and architecture. Diop eloquently notes that: “The development of our indigenous languages is the prerequisite for a real African Renaissance”. There is no African Renaissance without African Unity. renewal. among other things. In order to develop African languages. This exercise will in turn promote people’s political education. The OAU was founded on the principle of promoting unity and cooperation among all African Member States. To justify this claim. to capture the reality expressed by the same words. In October 1999. peace and good governance. the writer is quick to remind us of the detrimental effects of using foreign languages as media of instruction in African schools. The OAU had 53 members by 1995.the Africa Renaissance . Diop drives the point on the language question for African states by asking African linguists and policy-makers to avoid easy solutions and to upgrade certain national languages to suit modern exigencies. In April 1997. agriculture. AFRICAN RENAISSANCE The African Renaissance is the concept that African people and nations overcome the current challenges confronting the continent and achieve cultural.made every effort to promote greater African economic. One of its longest commitments and greatest victories was the end of apartheid and the establishment of majority rule in South Africa. The quest for a rebirth of Africa . the true African Renaissance will be realized. Mbeki proposes doing this by. social cultural and political integration within the continent. which are collected in his book “Towards the African Renaissance: Essays in Culture and Development. the African Renaissance Institute (ARI) was founded at an inaugural meeting in Pretoria. separatist movements. The most important and primary role of the African Renaissance Institute now and in the coming years is to gather a critical mass of first-class African scientists whose work will lead to really important results of economic dimensions. The following are some of the concrete contributions to African Cultural Renaissance as spearheaded by the African Union Commission and the African Union Member States: (1) Adoption and implementation of the Languages Plan of Action (1986) whose main objectives are A delegate to an AU summit catches up with African provisions on the issue of democracy elections and governance 2 .

written. (5) Pan-African Cultural Festival . and to ensure systematic dissemination of historic and oral traditions documents in the Union Member States. but an image of Africa as the cradle of humankind. photographic and audio-visual referential documents in oral traditions. The Festival was a laudable initiative taken by the Government and the people of the Republic of Algeria bearing in mind that the first Pan-African Cultural Festival had been held 40 years prior in July 1969. To ensure that African languages. The festival drew hundreds of thousands of people to Algiers to celebrate Africa’s artistic renaissance. regional and continental linguistic unity in Africa. Nigeria and Senegal have ratified it The Charter will only come into force upon receipt by the African Union Commission of the instruments of ratification and adhesion from two-thirds of the total membership of the African Union. (4) The Charter for African Cultural Renaissance . The 3rd of April. assume their rightful role as the means of official communication in the public affairs of each Member State. The inauguration of the statue took place in April 2010 during the commemoration of the 50th anniversary of the independence of Senegal.The Pan –African Festival was held in Algiers. To liberate the African peoples from undue reliance on the utilisation of nonindigenous languages as the dominant. to safeguard and to preserve sounding. build sustainable peace and winning the fight against poverty. only four (4). cross-border languages. African Union Member States are thus sensitized to celebrate this day at national level. Mali. analyze language policies in Africa as well as strengthening cooperation between Member States in the area of African languages. (3) Strengthening the work of the Centre for Linguistic and Historical Studies by Oral Tradition (CELHTO). the stirring rhythms of Africa pulsated across Algeria. Algeria from 05 to 20 July 2009. To foster and promote national. outside of Dakar in Senegal. Congo. diseases etc. following the adoption of the Charter for the African Cultural Renaissance by the 1st Ordinary Session of the African Union Conference of Ministers in Charge of Culture (CAMC I) held in Khartoum. by appropriate legal provision and practical promotion. based in Niamey. to undertake linguistic. in the context of the multilingualism prevailing in most African countries. To ensure that all languages within the boundaries of Member States are recognised and accepted as a source of mutual enrichment. To ensure that all the sectors of the political and socio-economic systems of each Member State is mobilized in such a manner that they play their due part in ensuring that the African language(s) prescribed as official language(s) assume their intended role in the shortest time possible. the day when the statue was unveiled. which have hitherto played this role. Mali whose main mandate is to promote African Languages.To encourage each and every Member State to have a clearly defined language policy. (2) Establishment of the African Academy of Languages in 2006 – a specialized institution of the African Union with headquarters in Bamako. (6) African Renaissance Monument . The Commission has developed a flagship programme titled “Campaign for African Cultural Renaissance” aimed at sensitizing Member States to expedite the ratification of the Charter because as of January 2013 out of fifty three (53) Member States of the Union. The Festival was also part of the African Union’s broad mandate to create an image of Africa which does not only speak of conflicts. historical and sociological studies of African Communities. Sudan on 24th January 2006 during the 6th African Union Summit. Sudan in January 2006 and the selection of Algeria to host the Festival. For two weeks. official languages of the state in favour of the gradual take-over of appropriate and carefully selected indigenous African languages in this domain. Niger and established by the AU as a specialized institution in oral traditions to contribute to the promotion of practical texts in African Languages. vehicular crossborder languages. The Charter is a cultural tool which will empower Member States to promote the Pan-Africanism Spirit. scientific and economic renewal.The Charter for African Cultural Renaissance was adopted in Khartoum. in replacement of European languages. It showcased the diversity and creative heritage of the continent. 3 . It is the tallest statue in Africa. was institutionalized by the African Union Assembly as African Renaissance Day. The African Renaissance is the concept that African people and nations overcome the current challenges confronting the continent and achieve cultural.The African Renaissance Monument is a 49 m tall bronze statue located on top of one of the twin hills known as Collines des Mamelles. African Renaissance as well as strengthen their national policies and other cultural instruments which will in turn contribute to the achievement of the continents’ socio-economic and cultural integration. The statue is dedicated to the journey of our enslaved ancestors. To encourage the increased use African languages as vehicles of instruction at all educational levels. The Festival was held under the theme “African Renaissance”. to produce.

Sekou Toure. It was. is a natural progeny of Pan-Africanism traced back to the yesteryears of the first African awakening. thereby reducing in an exponential fashion the continent’s excessive reliance on external hand-outs for its own development. into a broader and more efficacious and all-embracing continental organization already standing on its feet. to all intents and purposes. among other organs. has provided the requisite organs and institutions capable of causing the hitherto nascent Union to morph far beyond a mere declaration of intent by word of mouth. as it seems to be the case now. whereby there can be a more balanced and mutually beneficial arrangement instead of the continent remaining on the receiving end in these partnerships. however. the leadership of AU Commission in tandem with the duly accredited representatives of Member States acting within the framework of the equally nascent policy organs. if the continent were to make it to the promised land of the much-talked about self-reliance whilst maintaining genuine partnership with the outside world. That the challenge ahead is daunting even for a continent so determined. can. the Civil Society Organisations and the African Diaspora in making this mammoth goal achievable. Kwame Nkrumah. a thing of the remote past. All that now remains to be pursued rigorously is the accelerated and effective implementation of this agenda which is well-articulated in the successive strategic plans of the Union. the Organisation of African Unity. This way. spearheaded this time around by the Libyan Leader. Gamal Abdul Naser. is an understatement. This therefore explains why these institutions had to be further buttressed and harmonized for the effective discharge of their exacting mandate predicated on the mission and vision of the Union. It was indeed against the backdrop of the burning desire to revive that Pan-African spirit that the idea of creating an African Union as a minimum requirement of total continental unity and integration. were all deliberately created to render the new reality of a continent determined to further consolidate its new Union status and gains both incontrovertible and irreversible. Turkey. still offer other regions of the world a lot in this respect. The Pan-African Parliament. There can be no gainsaying that the launch of the African Union in the manner described herein with all the pomp and pageantry that accompanied the occasion. That done. But as the first point of departure. One surest way of doing so is having a paradigm shift in its existing partnerships with other nations and institutions. Africa’s detractors could do very little to stem the tide of its resurgence. Certainly both Africa and these natural partners stand to gain far greater long-term dividends from such balanced partnerships. Marcus Garvey. cooperation and development agenda at both regional and continental planes.THE AFRICAN UNION: A VERITABLE PROGENY OF PAN-AFRICANISM By MIS Gassama Directorate of Conference Management and Publications (DCMP) Both as a philosophy and a movement. and fortunately resonated well with his peers. where it can conveniently be said to have come of age in terms of defining Africa’s politico-economic integration. It was there that our leaders took the bull by the horn. to come to pass. The Constitutive Act serving as the legal linchpin of the Union edifice. the African Monetary Fund. despite the disparaging innuendoes of those Afro-pessimists. 4 . George Padmore and their like-minded contemporaries right down to the Founding Leaders of the OAU. continued to linger on and inspire and spur generations of Africans into concrete action. and the frail misgivings of the doubting Thomases from within. the African Investment Bank. mobilise its full potentials and marshal the formidable human and material resources it is endowed with. to rise to that challenge with a view to enabling the Union to forge ahead with the implementation of its huge mandate. is the need for the continent to make its dependency on external funding of its programmes both at the level of the African Union Commission and individual Member States. therefore. resurfaced. But as any detailed recounting of the ancient history of the Pan-Africanist Movement would require a forum and space much wider than what this piece can cover. South Korea. Pan-Africanism from the days of William Du Bois. Julius Nyerere and their ilk. China. The central role of the Regional Economic Communities as the building blocks of the Union. Parallel to that. Africa must. By exhibiting that rare single feat of unity of purpose. got down to the business of actual Union building and operationalization as well as institutional transformation viewed as a sine qua non for the visible functionality of this replacement umbrella institution.border infrastructural development and Intra-Africa Trade promotion. particularly in the all-important twin areas of trans. was not lost either on the leadership of the Union. Africa as we all can bear witness. Muammar Gaddafi. collective Africa at long last made history during its epoch-ushering in Summit in the Indian Ocean City of Durban on 9 July 2002. As it was an idea whose time had then arrived. the South American States etc. coupled with all the other odds. albeit traversing the bumpy road of getting to the stage it is today. the continent must place greater premium on South-South cooperation with particular emphasis on its partnerships with India. the Union was able to take off swiftly and efficiently. was a single act that undoubtedly marked a spectacular. the African Court on Human and Peoples Rights. the present crop of African leaders were able to bring their continent and its otherwise disparate nations much closer to allowing the wildest dream of Pan-African pioneers in the calibre of Osgeyfo Dr. but still a defining moment in the annals of the continent’s incessant search for self-assertion through the pursuit of a greater solidarity and a higher level of integration and cooperation in all walks of life that cut right across the borders inherited from the erstwhile colonial masters. direction and destiny. thus crossing the politico-ideological Rubicon into the proclamation of the ultimate birth of the African Union on the debris of its predecessor. with all the potential and resources it is thankfully blessed with. we should make do with a resumé that seeks to capture some of the features characterizing the construction and subsequent actualization of the African Union which. Therefore.

the Liberation of Africans from the bonds of oppression and discrimination’. Organized in the wake of the foundation of the Pan African Federation. has defied concise definition because it has. Some of them have made efforts to establish their real roots in Africa and some have gone further to adopt African countries as their homes and acquired property in these countries in their bid to re-integrate into the societies their forebears were rudely take away from. Peace and Security Department. Pan Africanism in the words of Dr KB Asante. As SKB Asante observes. The first Pan African Congress. the unifying spirit of Pan Africanism waned following the attainment of Independence by African States. Some of our forefathers were accomplices the evil design that caused their demise and owe it them as a duty to facilitate their return home. condemned imperialism and Capitalism and called for an end to colonial rule and domination. there are hundreds of others who wish to but lack the means to make the historic journey. a renowned African scholar. passed several resolutions which criminalized racial discrimination. convener of the first Congress. the fifth congress.” This notwithstanding. most of whom became the torchbearers of African Independence Movements. The second Pan African Congress held in several sessions in London. Several Diasporans have pursued the dream of returning to their roots by paying visits to several places in Africa most of which have cultural and historical links to the fateful journey of their forebears across the oceans into captivity and slavery such as the slave castles which were their final habitation before they were shipped away into slavery. Pan Africanism. 5 . It is mainly the affluent and well-to-do Diasporans who have been able to pursue their dream of a return to their roots. to the detriment of efforts at African unity and integration. African Standby Force. The most popular and significant of the five congresses was the Fifth Pan African Congress held in Manchester. One such initiative is the ‘Joseph project’ initiated by Ghana which sought to actualize the vision of Kwame Nkrumah and Marcus Garvey of reaching out to Africans in the Diaspora by supporting them to return to their roots. has been the “rallying slogan. as a concept. The Congress. the ideological vehicle for the common efforts to advance the cause of Africa and Africans. home rule and responsible government for British West Africa and the British West Indies. The third Congress held in London and Lisbon in 1923 and the fourth Congress held in New York in 1927. This summit affords us a unique opportunity to rekindle the Pan-African Spirit and initiate the return of our disadvantaged brothers. Such recourse to history enables retracing of the trail blazed by our forebears and serves to redefine the course of future initiatives in the pursuit of our aspirations of a truly free and united Africa. The Congress galvanized the leaders of African Independence Movements and contributed immensely towards the eventual liberation of many African countries from the yoke of colonialism. it may be relevant to recall the five major Pan African Congresses which have been trail blazers in the struggle for the emancipation of the African peoples. inter alia. On the occasion of the Summit of the Heads of States and Governments of Africa with the theme “Pan Africanism and African Renaissance”. Rhodesia and South Africa”. Paris and Brussels and considered the most radical of all the five congresses demanded an end to colonial rule and racial discrimination as well as human rights and equal economic opportunity for colonized people in Africa and the West Indies. attended by the then 77 year-old Dubois.e. scholars. Peace Support Operations Division. and the abolition of the pretension of a white minority to dominate a black majority in Kenya. United Kingdom from 15th to 21st October 1945. just as the biblical Joseph supported his brethren Israelites who were under bondage in Egypt. only unity and integration can help us surmount. the springboard. called for “the development of Africa for the benefit of Africans and not merely for the profit of Europeans. among the 90 delegates who attended. Feeble attempts have been made to revive and keep the spirit of Pan Africanism alive. “assumed different meanings and orientations at various stages of its evolution—and has meant different things to different people. a common theme has run through the five major Pan African Congresses i. For each affluent African Diasporan who manages the journey back home. Efforts at uniting and integrating Africans on the continent and in the Diaspora were shackled by political socio-cultural and economic obstacles which. intellectuals and political activists.RECOURSE TO HISTORY – REVIVING THE RETURN-TO-AFRICA INITIATIVE By Seth Kwaku Fianya: Military training officer. according to Asante. convened by renowned Pan Africanist JEB Du Bois in 1919 and attended by 57 delegates from 15 countries demanded participation of Africans in the governing of their countries. paradoxically. organized by George Padmore and Kwame Nkrumah paraded.

highlighted that “it took me about six months to discover the resources I needed for Inaugurating the AUC E-Library Reading room II partial view Mr. it is regarded as one of the best Libraries in the world.000 volumes of books and journals. This new Library. and renders commendable services for staff of the Commission.000 records. which is composed of two subsections.NEW AUC E-LIBRARY INAUGURATED writing my doctoral dissertation. all. and make accessible. and the two sub sections play critical role in discharging this responsibilities. is entrusted with the task of ensuring that Information and Knowledge is managed efficiently and effectively within the AU. to serve as an unparalleled Pan-African Center of Research and Excellence on African issues. and consists of over 30. historical materials on Africa. are also available in the Library. in her opening remarks. Garoma Daba. by Dr Elham Mahmoud Ibrahim: Commissioner for Infrastructure and Energy. all required information is accessible at the finger-tips of the users”. from the early 1900’s. including over 80 Computers. as well as historical materials of varied types on African related issues. thanks to the technologies and efforts behind this service. you all are most welcome to see. 6 . etc. digitize. Member States Embassies. namely: the Library and the Archives. The Librarian stated that. multimedia resources. and academicians from within and outside Africa. holding comprehensive. this welcoming invitation is extended to you. again. presenting the Library’s developments.int The database comprises over 24. researchers . The current E-Library is very spacious. the Librarian. and harvest information and knowledge for not only self-development. The Commissioner. while also preserving for future generations. directors of departments. up to date. which has over 100 seats is being equipped with state-of-the-art equipment. The Library is working hard. etc. from the 3rd floor. which are accessible through its databases at http://library. The ceremony was graced by the presence of AUC management. Abundant materials. graceful. the new AUC e-Library was inaugurated on 22nd November. but also development of the continent. by the entire team of Knowledge Management Division (KMD). For more. The KM division. invited guests and international partners. and today. Our children are the future leaders of our dearest African continent and the AUC Library is providing Children with necessary resources and services so that they grow in a better reading and research environments. while nowadays. Partial views of one of the two reading rooms presented above and the Children’s Corner is depicted below. as well as various e-books and e-journals. the AUC Library attaches great value and dedicates resources to acquire. 2012.au. Pan-Africanism and the AUC Library As an activist for Pan-Africanism. including highly pertinent journal articles. enjoy and even witness to others!! For some of those who are not familiar with the above poster. the AUC library showed unprecedented developments. As depicted below. in the past few years. the new AUC Office Complex.

Fortunately. the G8 Alliance for Food and Nutrition Security. it deliberated on the Theme Investing in Agriculture for Food security and Economic Growth. value chain development. among others. A food and nutrition secure population is healthy. That is how we can assert our hard won independence and sovereignty. and enhancing intra-African trade to incentivize agricultural production. should persist in our pursuit of regaining our dignity by fighting hunger and malnutrition and heed to the appeal made by late President of Malawi Prof Bingu wa Mutaharika in 2010 when he became Chair of the Assembly of the African Union. the starting point for Pan Africanism and African Renaissance is ensuring that Africa can feed itself. That is how Africa. 7 . respectively. investing in agriculture has multiplier effects on household incomes and national revenue as well as positive social transformation. are the areas which the AU Assembly wanted focused on when in 2009 in Sirte.’ We cannot confidently talk of Pan Africanism and African Renaissance when we continue to import food worth nearly US$50 billion dollars annually and this bill risks to increase exponentially given Africa’s high rate of population growth. Buhle Mbambo-Thata. strong and prosperous. Mandla M. Pan African. SPPME-RM) and Dr. mainly women and youth. strategic commodities. Libya. irrigation. fine weather. ‘to ensure that five years from now. Indeed. UNISA Library Services. The two institutions were represented by Mr. we also commemorate 10 years since CAADP was adopted. this year. the Comprehensive African Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) adopted by the AU Assembly in 2003 provides the overarching policy framework for AU Member States’ agricultural investment plans. democracy and good governance and infrastructural development. no child shall go to bed hungry. mainly through support to the AUC program budgets and direct book donations to the Library. The same Pan African spirit with which we extricated Africa from the fangs of colonialism. These. Executive Director. It is when we can optimally harness the potential presented by abundant active labour. The recent global economic downturn coupled with climate change and climate variability tested and proved Africa’s resilience. Below is a picture that was captured during some of the book donations to the AUC library by Mr. Ambassador to the USAU. That is what Pan Africanism urges us to aspire for and it is clearly within our reach. done on 13 May. and to do so through a more vigorous public-private partnership and also taking advantage of the global good will as evidenced by. In taking forward this imperative. we bear in mind that in coincidence with the Golden Jubilee of the OAU/AU. no child shall die of hunger. fertile soils and fresh water sources to increase agricultural production and productivity. the hallmarks of Pan Africanism. I believe. 2011 between the AUC and University of South Africa (UNISA). productive and happy and able to advance and safeguard African interests. But. Madonsela (Director. the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency and the Regional Economic Communities to coordinate and support Member States’ efforts in fertilizer development and application. This drive must be stepped up also as we look towards 2014 The AU Year of Agriculture and Food Security. Michael Battle. Special Assistant to Commissioner for Rural Economy and Agriculture Peace and security. can become a truly dynamic force in the global arena. Above is a picture depicting signing of a memorandum of understanding. in all this. Development of the AUC Library also couldn’t be conceived without generous assistance of various international partners. among others. are all critical for Pan Africanism and African Renaissance to materialize. agricultural research and technology. We need to sustain the momentum. It is a continent on the rise. that we will be able to achieve food and nutrition security. Africa can no longer be called a hopeless continent.FOOD AND NUTRITION SECURITY AS A CONDITION SINE QUA NON By Julius Kagamba Singoma. Continued from page 6 Partnership Library service could not be fully realized without working in partnership with various institutions and international partners. Institutions exist including the African Union Commission.

The Interim Steering Committee and Secretariat have worked closely to create a durable and transparent governance structure for PACA by: developing principal PACA documents. forming budget and finance subcommittee and three technical subcommittees in areas of health. agriculture. recommending for the formation of an independent proposal Review Team(s). In a high profile event. and USAID to guide the organization of the Platform Meeting. PACA secretariat. Since then. AMREF. The Meridian Institute. and resourced to manage all of the PACArelated activities. The meridian institute and the African Union Commission are fully committed to a quick but well planned transition of the Secretariat to the African Union. The newly inaugurated SC members confirmed the primary role for PACA as supporting and providing consistent coordination and coherent leadership across multiple projects and programs for management and control of Aflatoxin in Africa. The SC established a PACA Planning Group comprising of organizations such as ECOWAS. Meridian Institute (interim secretariat) signed a Memorandum of Understanding with the AUC to enable collaboration between the two institutions regarding PACA. the African Union took a lead to implement the CAADP decision and established the PACA interim Steering Committee. trade. As a next step in its drive for continent-wide visibility and buyin. the partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa was officially launched on 31 October 2012 at the AUC Headquarters in Addis Ababa. USA is serving as the interim Secretariat for PACA as appointed by one of the PACA donors since its creation. By the end of 2013. The Full PACA Steering Committee was also inaugurated the same day. lean. FARA. The steering Committee also highlighted that an effective. and health sectors will be participating. liver disease. agriculture and food security. 2012 and housed at the AUC. the AUC-based secretariat will be fully staffed. and health. It was through this call that the Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa was established. a PACA platform meeting will be convened in April 2013 to engage the broad community of stakeholders working on and interested in Aflatoxin issues across Africa. as of 2013 will be housed by the African Union Commission. In November 2011. as well as representatives of African and global stakeholders involved in Aflatoxin control activities and research in Africa. and death in both humans and animals. is linked to various health issues such as cancer. immune-system suppression. a naturally occurring but highly toxic substance caused by fungi. technical representatives from the agriculture and food security. Members of the PACA Steering Committee and interim Secretariat Aflatoxin. regional and local standards governing agricultural trade and food safety. As an African-led partnership.based secretariat is necessary and ideal. who made tremendous progress in defining the organizational structure and governance systems of PACA. equipped. Furthermore. Aflatoxins have proven to be a major barrier in linking African farmers to markets as they prevent commodities from meeting international. the African Union Commission was urged to oversee the establishment of a Continental SPS Working Group to mainstream sanitary/phytosanitary matters in the CAADP framework and establish an Africaled Partnership for Aflatoxin Control. In order to establish an African-led partnership for holistic management of Aflatoxin. reviewing discretionary budgets among others.Strengthening Aflatoxin Control in Africa Submitted by the Partnership for Aflatoxin Control in Africa. communication and control on Aflatoxin in Africa. and trade. in March 2011 at the 7th CAADP Partnership Platform. 8 . Ethiopia within the context of the commemoration of the 2012 Africa Day for Food and Nutrition Security. and conducted its inaugural meeting on 1 November 2012. This partnership aims to provide consistent coordination and coherent leadership of the continental efforts on Aflatoxin control by acting as a clearing house of information. an AUC. the African Union Commission has taken the lead in hosting the partnership for Aflatoxin control in Africa. On 3 September 2012. This meeting will bring together African-based experts in Aflatoxin and trade. Cognisant of these problems. This body includes 10 representatives from organizations identified by stakeholders at the October 2011 AU-IBAR meeting on Aflatoxin in Nairobi. growth retardation. launched on November 31. and flexible AUC-based secretariat is necessary. conveying the strong commitments of the commission to PACA.

the NEPAD Planning and Coordinating Agency. Achievements so far The Summit produced a series of important outcomes aside from the adoption of the Abuja Declaration on Fertilizer. Camara. and roads. from both inorganic and organic sources. development organizations and the private sector to identify concrete actions to improve the access of millions of smallholder farmers to fertilizer and give the Continent a “uniquely African Green Revolution”. National and regional fertilizer production initiatives and dealer development programs have multiplied. and ECOWAS) prepared regional fertilizer development strategy papers. have established the African Fertilizer Programme and the Fertilizer Support Program. respectively. The African Union’s member states declared fertilizer. warehouses. and distribution. under the auspices of former President Olusegun Obasanjo. four regional economic communities (SADC.and tax-free movement across regions. Furthermore. Nigeria. Key issues pertaining to low fertilizer use in Africa were identified and examined through the development of 15 Summit background papers by experts. UEMOA. “a strategic commodity without borders” and pledged to increase the level of fertilizer use from the current average of 8 kilograms per hectare. COMESA. procurement. which consisted of actionable programs in key policy and or market development areas. the Africa Fertilizer Summit was held in June 2006 in Abuja. assessing the fertilizer sector from a regional perspective and providing a road map for the development of regional fertilizer markets. the African Union Commission and its programme. The Summit brought together more than 40 Heads of State and Governments and over 500 delegates from farmers’ organizations. to reduce transaction costs. Oumou M. it is imperative that AU Member States and Regional Economic Communities focus their efforts in the short to medium term on increasing investments in infrastructure. grant targeted subsidies to help the poorest farmers access fertilizer. Additionally. So have the many regional-level initiatives to generate and improve the diffusion of market information to national and regional entrepreneurs. For instance. to facilitate the implementation of the Abuja Declaration by member states and RECS. the Summit has also resulted in the development of Continental policy programs. therefore far from the targeted 50 kilograms per hectare. Furthermore.Towards the Achievement of An African Green Revolution: Key Accomplishments since the 2006 Africa Fertilizer Summit by Dr. today more countries are providing purchasing power support to farmers in the form of “smart” input subsidies. Twenty five AU Member States developed national fertilizer strategy papers. Apart from the above prioritization of fertilizer in national and regional agricultural investment plans. Senior Scientist-Economics Department of Rural Economy and Agriculture/ AUC Emanating from a lack of consensus around the key issues surrounding fertilizer use in Africa and the need for a continental framework and strategy with related actionable programs on how best to create conditions under which farmers can intensify their production systems. which presented a major milestone in terms of providing a clear continental framework for meeting Africa’s fertilizer challenge and achieve an African green revolution. 9 . the latest available data indicates that average fertilizer use on the continent has stagnated since 2006 to 8 kilograms per hectare. develop and scale up input dealers’ and community-based networks across rural areas. AU Member States also resolved to harmonize policies and regulations to ensure duty. Challenges and the way forward Despite these achievements. establish regional fertilizer procurement and distribution facilities and set up an Africa Fertilizer Development Financing Mechanism. In other to address the high cost of fertilizer in a Continent where the majority of countries rely on imported fertilizer to satisfy their demand. leading African and international policymakers and agricultural experts and African Ministers of Agriculture formulated a series of policy recommendations in a 12-point plan of far-reaching reforms to accelerate the access of millions of poor farmers to chemical fertilizers and other complementary inputs: the Abuja’s Declaration on Fertilizer for the African Green Revolution. The weak access of smallholder farmers to fertilizer remains the greatest contributing factor to the lack of progress in improving fertilizer use on the Continent. such as ports. African Governments. the removal of tariff and non tariff barriers to fertilizer trade as well as the establishment of regional fertilizer procurement and distribution centers must constitute clear priorities in order to realize economies of scale in fertilizer production/importation. This can be explained by the fact that fertilizer prices at the farm gate level have more than doubled since 2006 due to higher costs of production and distribution. research institutions. eliminate all taxes and tariffs imposed on fertilizer and on fertilizer raw materials. AU Member States’ Commitments During the Summit. to an average of at least 50 kilograms per hectare by 2015. as the critical first steps for establishing private-sector led fertilizer markets to meet the supply and use requirements needed to attain the CAADP target of 6% annual growth in agricultural production.

Dr Nkosazana DlaminiZuma. Countries traditionally used as transit routes have themselves graduated into users. The Plan comes with an “Implementation Matrix”. A number of people have become problem drug users in need of rehabilitation. and related crimes. which specifies responsibilities of the Commission. The Standards remind us that drug dependence is not a crime but a condition that cries out for health services and social support. in Addis Ababa two weeks ago. in particular. African Union Commission (AUC) Chairperson. The 5th Session of the Conference of African Ministers in charge of Drug Control held recently in Addis Ababa. 10 . strategies and programmes. the focus has mainly been on supply reduction. social development and general well-being of Africans. to distinguish between individual-level or minor infractions and major infractions such as trafficking. told a session of the Permanent Representative Council. For many African countries. rehabilitation and aftercare. “We are dealing with a problem that is not only a threat to peace and security but to public health and social development as well. and also came up with Continental Minimum Quality Standards for Treatment of Drug Dependence. Alcohol and tobacco should be included in drug use prevention strategies. Regional Economic Communities and AUC institutions. regional and international cooperation to counter illicit drugs. She was right. supply and demand aspects have to be considered in tandem. They should continue to review and strengthen mechanisms for enhanced shared responsibility for control of illicit drugs. But treatment facilities are scarce in Africa. treatment. Regional Economic Communities and Member States. trade in illicit drugs risks becoming an underground economic development model with obvious threats to peace and security. The meeting also adopted an African Common Position on Controlled Substances and Access to Pain Management Drugs. This distinction enables those whose infraction is drug use or possession of drugs for personal use to be directed to care and support rather than to arresting and incaceration.further complicating efforts to curb HIV/AIDS. To tackle drugs. adopted a new African Union Plan of Action on Drug Control (2013 -2017) as a framework to galvanise national. some of whom are experiencing a melt-down of sorts. The Plan of Action is based on principles of three international drug conventions. But that distinction will be hard to sustain if there is no alternative for minor offenders outside the criminal justice system. Narcotic drugs and associated crime have become a veritable scourge undermining the continent’s peace and security. The minimum standards may seem to be about a health issue a bit isolated from the heart of challenges of overall approach to drug policy. It is a problem that transcends all of Africa’s five regions. The new Plan of Action encourages member states. treatment delayed is treatment denied. It is not possible to have a balanced drug policy without attention to state responsibilities in the care for people who live with drug dependence. Ethiopia. Unchecked. tasked with co-ordinating implementation of a Plan of Action and harmonisation of programmes and policies to tackle the problem of illicit drugs on the continent. On their part.Africa’s Fight Against Illicit Drug Trafficking and Abuse: Solution lies in Holistic Approach Compiled by the Drug Control Secretariat (AUC Department of Social Affairs) Africa. is grappling with the problem of illicit drug trafficking and abuse. Therefore a holistic approach is needed to tackle both supply and demand aspects. in their drug policies. The AUC has a Drug Control Secretariat in the department of Social Affairs. inclusion of basic human rights and evidence-based public health practices in overall drug legislation.” said Dr Dlamini-Zuma. But in fact treatment issues are crucial to broader drug policy debates. member states would do well to establish interdepartmental focal points to facilitate flows of communication with the AUC regarding implementation of the Plan of Action. with injecting drug use being common . social development and public health. policies. What is undeniable is the fact that drug control has become a continental issue which could be pursued by the continent’s political leadership by making DRUGS a theme for a Heads of State summit. that the problem of illicit drugs and crime in Africa was no longer an illusion. forgetting that all three of international drug conventions commit ratifying states to ensure provision of adequate services in the area of early detection. But success in the fight against illicit drugs rests on strategic partnerships and resource mobilisation for the secretariat as well as political will envisaging application of principles by Member States. as they are considered “gateway drugs” on the continent. like the rest of the world. In this area of public health. A multi-sectoral and balanced approach between legislative norm setting. especially because alcohol abuse remains of major concern. law enforcement and drug abuse prevention and treatment activities is now needed. The minimum standards point out how to approach the challenge of treatment of addiction with respect for the humanity of people living with addiction.

Hall 2 (NCC) TWENTIETH (20TH) ORDINARY SESSION OF THE ASSEMBLY OF THE UNION Large Conf.Programme of events 27 January 2013 SADC HEADS OF STATE AND GOVERNMENT MEETING Small Conf.org Edited and compiled by: Wynne Musabayana musabayanaw@africa-union. HAILEMARIAM DESALEGN. PRIME MINISTER OF THE FEDERAL DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF ETHIOPIA Sheraton Hotel MEDIA CORNER: Today’s media briefings 12:30 – 15:30 CARMMA COMMITTEE Outcomes of the High-Level Event on the Campaign for Accelerated Reduction of Maternal Mortality in Africa (CARMMA) Dr Jakkie Cilliers. Executive Director of the ISS Launch of the annual review of the AU Peace and Security Council by the Institute of Security Studies 16:00 – 16:30 AU ECHO Directorate of Information and Communication New Conference Center African Union PO Box 3243 Roosevelt Street Old Airport Area Addis Ababa Ethiopia Publishing Director: Habiba Mejri Cheikh habibam@africa-union. Hall (NCC) HIGH-LEVEL WORKING LUNCHEON ON THE CAMPAIGN FOR ACCELERATED REDUCTION OF MATERNAL MORTALITY IN AFRICA (CARMMA). Its views do not necessarily reflect the views of the African Union 11 . BONI YAYI. HOSTED BY DR. PRESIDENT OF THE REPUBLIC OF BENIN Multi-Purpose Hall (NCC) DINNER HOSTED BY MR.org Layout Michael Fikre Merid Photography Engida Wassie Yohannes Negash AU ECHO is published by the Directorate of Information and Communication of the African Union Commission.