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diodes (OLED),3 field-effect transistors,4 dyes,5 fluorescent labels6 (for instance for bio-imaging probes7), single-molecule spectroscopy,8 liquid crystals9 and supramolecular structures,10 for instance for transmembrane transport of ions.11
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For anti-counterfeit In recent years, many countries and companies research variety of anti-counterfeiting technology in order to combat fake and inferior products. Especially, more efforts are focused on the Bank notes and the anti-counterfeiting packaging of brand-name products. Thus demands promoted the research and development of the anti-counterfeiting technology. Photochromic materials, with special ink marker and high anti-counterfeiting features, have aroused extensive attention. Generally, there are three kinds of anti-counterfeiting technology: 1) visible without
High-mobility ambipolar transistors and high-gain inverters from a donor-acceptor copolymer semiconductor. Properties of novel perylene-3.  Fukaminato T. Junji Zhang. light-emitting diodes . Sinks LE.47:6616e9. such as photovoltaic cells [1e8]. Ultrafast aggregate-toaggregate energy transfer within self-assembled light-harvesting columns of zinc phthalocyanine tetrakis(perylenediimide). Grazulevicius JV. Chemical Communications 2011.  Fukaminato T.  Norsten BT. Xin Li. Advanced Materials 2004.88:166e73. Dyes and Pigments 2011.10-bis(dicarboximides). ease of synthetic modification and reversible redox properties. Tian H. Rybtchinski B. Guo X. Reversible fluorescence wavelength shift based on photoinduced aggregate formation.126:10810e1. 2) visible with significant fluorescence under ultraviolet light irradiation. Wu W.  Sakong C. Soft-mimic gear-shift with a multi-stimulus modified diarylethene. A photochromic diarylethene dyad based on perylene diimide. Advincula R. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2008. Watson MD. and proton: construction of a new three-input "AND" logic gate. Gaidelis V. they all belong to the second kind . Zhu MQ.21:1e5. Wasielewski MR. Nakamura S. Dyes and Pigments 2007.17:3366e74. Marks TJ. and LCD color filters . Wasielewski MR.89:260 e5. Yoon MH. Tan W. Dyes and Pigments 2011. et al. These chromophores are advantageous due to their high photochemical stability. Highmobility air-stable n-type semiconductors with processing versatility: dicyanoperylene-3. Meng X. Advanced Materials 2009. light harvesting arrays [9. Photochromism of diarylethene single molecules in polymer matrices. 1). Meng H. Jenekhe SA.  Locklin J.  Würthner F. Derivatives of perylene-3. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2007.21:7811e9. Photochromic bisthienylethene as multi-function switches.  Tan W. Hayakawa Y. Anjukandi P. Recent progresses on diarylethene based photochromic switches. Han JJ. Journal of Materials Chemistry 2011. Scandola F. Yang S. Choi JH. Hurst JK.  Guo X. Moreover. Sinks LE. 3) not visible with significant fluorescence under ultraviolet light irradiation. Irie M.107:1296e323. Orlandi M.  Zaumseil J.  Kim FS.  Berberich M. Kitaguchi T. Facchetti A. Krause AM. with light. Branda NR.3. Chemical Society Review 2004. Mannsfeld SCB. Toward fluorescent memories with nondestructive readout: photoswitching of fluorescence by intramolecular electron transfer in a diaryl ethene-perylene bisimide photochromic system. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2004. Wenjuan Tan.  Li X.4:9. exhibit fluorescence modulation upon irradiation with ultraviolet and visible light [2e5]. Organic Letters 2007. Wang S.10-tetracarboxidiimide-centred dendrimers and their application as emitters in organic electroluminescence devices. Stolte M.19:5726e9. substituted with fluorescent chromophore.33:85e97. Naphthalene and perylene diimides for organic transistors. Funabiki K.16:125e9.129:3524e6. Würthner F.  Rybtchinski B.43:6363e6.4:9. Synthesis and solid-state photochromism of 1. Liu L. Li D.diphenyl-4-(2-chlorobenzal)-5-hydroxypyrazole 4-methylthiosemicarbazone. Jia D. Zhang D. Borkent EJ. spiropyran-perylene diimide-spiropyran. the promising families of photochromic compounds.129:5932e8.126:12268e9.fluorescence. Xie X. 2007:781e92.9:3989e92.47:5109e15.74:169e75. Advanced Materials 2006. Logic control of the fluorescence of a new dyad.  Tian H. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2004. the electronic characteristics of PDI can be fine-tuned by the substitution of the conjugated aromatic core. Li X. Kim YD. Air stable electron-transporting and ambipolar bay substituted perylene bisimides. The modulation of PDIs properties based on photochromic reactions has been studied [11e15]. Li ADQ. Organic thin film transistors based on cyclohexyl-substituted organic semiconductors. Liu G. Electron and ambipolar transport in organic fieldeffect transistors.  Zhang J.  Jones BA. Tian H. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2007. Reversibly photoswitchable dual-color fluorescent nanoparticles as new tools for live-cell imaging. Iwata Y. Journal of the American Chemical Society 2001. Chemical Communication. Sirringhaus H. Zhang J.  Zhu L. Angewandte Chemie International Edition 2004. Yoon C.  Tian H. Organic photochromic compounds just as spiropyran and fulgide derivatives have been applied as anti-counterfeiting materials. Kim JP. Umemoto T. organic fieldeffect transistors (OFETs) [12e17].10-bis(dicarboximide) (PDI) have attracted considerable attention due to their applications in molecular electronic devices. Combining light-harvesting and charge separation in a self-assembled artificial photosynthetic system based on perylenediimide chromophores. Photoregulation of fluorescence in a porphyrinic dithienylethene photochrome. Chemistry of Materials 2005. Wasielewski MR. Jankauskas V. Here we report on a reversible fluorescence modulation by photoinduced reaction with the diarylethene unit linking to the aromatic region of the perylene unit (Fig.123:1784e5.  Matsui M.18:3225 e8. Diarylethene derivatives.4:9. Zhu D. Chemical Reviews 2007.  Reghu RR. Yokojima S. Ahrens MJ. Journal of Material Chemistry 2009. Yoneyama M. He Tian*Dyes and Pigments 89 (2011) 260e265  Guo J. .10]. The synthesis of thermally-stable red dyes for LCD color filters and analysis of their aggregation and spectral properties. photochromic materials . Wang M. et al. Bisoyi HK. ferric ion.
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