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50 short answer type question of Fluid Mechanics Subject teacher: Prashant Kumar Yadav

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 Define viscosity and kinematic viscosity. Derive Newtons law of viscosity. Explain rheological diagram. Give the suitable example for each type of fluid. What is capillarity? What is its significance in fluid flow problem? Explain the term of stable, unstable, and neutral equilibrium in the reference to the floating bodies. Explain the procedure of finding hydrostatic force for curved surface, plane surface and inclined surface. What is Metacentre and Metacentric height? What are the three states of equilibrium for floating bodies? Explain atmospheric pressure, gauge pressure and absolute pressure with suitable sketch. The centre of pressure is always below the centroid of area immersed vertically. Comment. Derive an expression for the slope of the inclined surface of water in a container moving with a constant acceleration. What is vapour pressure? What is its significance in flow problem? Explain the term: Path line, stream line, stream tube, stream tube and potential line. What is flow net? Describe any one method of drawing flow net. Define stream function and velocity potential function. Prove that stream line and equipotential line meet each other orthogonally. Distinguish between subcritical and supercritical flow, Rotational and irrotational flows. Distinguish between source and sink pattern of flow. Explain with example compressible and incompressible fluid, uniform and non-uniform flow. What are the local and convective components of total acceleration? Find out the velocity potential function and stream line function for flow past a half body. Check whether the flow defined by the stream function =2xy is irrotational? If so, determine the corresponding velocity potential function. If the velocity field is given by u= (16y-8x), v= (8y-7x) find the circulation around the closed curve defined by x=4,y=2, X=8,Y=8. Derive an expression for the discharge over rectangular notch. Write assumption of Bernoullis equation. Write their practical application.

23 Explain the merit and demerit of hot wire anemometer and LDA(Laser Doppler Anemometer) 24 What is the three similarity law? 25 Explain Reynolds number, Froude number and Mach number. 26 Discuss the importance of model study in fluid flow problem. 27 Explain distorted and undistorted model. 28 In 1:20 model of spillway, the velocity and discharge are 1.5 m/s and 2.0m 3/s respectively. Find the corresponding velocity and discharge in the prototype. 29 What do you mean by dimensionless number? Name any four dimensionless number and their practical application in fluid mechanics. 30 What is siphon? On what principle it works? 31 Draw the velocity profile over a section for the laminar flow in the pipe. 32 What do you mean by equivalent pip? Obtain an expression for equivalent pipe. 33 How would you distinguish between hydrodynamically smooth and rough boundaries? 34 What are the minor and major losses in a pipe flow? 35 Explain the Prandtl mixing length concept to describe the turbulent flow. 36 What is eddy viscosity? 37 What do you understand by T.E.L. and HGL? Explain their significance in the pipe design. 38 What is the relation between friction factor and friction coefficient? 39 What is energy correction factor a moment correction factor. 40 For laminar prove that the maximum velocity in a circular pipe for viscous flow is equal to the two times the avg. velocity 41 Write short notes on Boundaries Layer Theory. 42 Define the term boundary layer thickness, displacement thickness and the momentum thickness and energy thickness. 43 What is meant by separation of boundary layer? Describe with sketches the method to control separation. 44 Define the terms with the help of sketches. i) Laminar boundary layer ii) turbulent boundary layer iii) laminar sub layer and boundary layer thickness. 45 Explain the phenomena of viscous sub layer. 46 Define the boundary layer and explain the fundamental cause of boundary layer development with suitable sketch. 47 What do you understand by coefficient of lift? 48 Differentiate between lift and drag force. 49 What is Magnus effect? Explain with an example. 50 Distinguish between streamline and bluff body shape for the flow passing over a immersed bodies.