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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

Welding Inspection, Steels WIS 5


Assessment Question Paper (MSR-AWI-1 05)
Name: . Answer all questions 1. What is the Arc energy for the following welding process parameters? Amps 140, Volts 21, Travel speed 250mm/min. a. 0.7 KJ/mm b. 0.6 KJ/mm c. 0.01 KJ/mm d. 0.7 J/mm

2.

What is the effect of tempering after quenching a. Toughness and strength are increased. b. Toughness and strength are reduced. c. Toughness reduced and strength increased d. Toughness increased and strength reduced e. Toughness increased and hardness increased

3.

What is the ratio between the leg length and the design throat thickness on a mitre fillet weld with equal leg lengths a. 1 to 1 b. 2 to 1. c. 1.414 to 1. d. All of the above it depends upon the leg length size.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-AWI-1 05 issue5 Date: 10/02/05

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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

4.

The toughness and yield strength of steel is reduced by: a. Reducing the grain size b. Increasing the heat input. c. Reducing the heat input. d. Both a and b.

5.

Which of the following statements is true if applicable to a charpy vee notch impact test a. Its a destructive test used to assess materials ductility in the weld zone. b. Its a mechanical test used to determine a welds resistance to creep. c. Its a dynamic test, which is used to give a measure of notch toughness. d. Its a static test used to determine materials toughness in the notch region. e. Both a and c.

6.

How can you tell the difference between an EN/ISO weld symbol and a BS weld symbol? a. The EN/ISO weld symbol will always have the arrow side weld at the top of the reference line. b. The EN/ISO symbol has the welds elementary symbol placed on a dashed line lying above or below the solid reference line to indicate a weld on the other side. c. The EN/ISO symbol has a fillet weld leg length identified by the letter a. d. The EN/ISO symbol has a fillet weld throat thickness identified by the letter z. e. Both b and d.

7.

What is the possible effect of having the heat input too low during welding? a. Low toughness, entrapped hydrogen and low hardness. b. High hardness, lack of fusion and entrapped hydrogen. c. Entrapped hydrogen, low toughness and high ductility. d. Lack of fusion, low toughness and a reduction in ductility.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-AWI-1 05 issue5 Date: 10/02/05

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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

8.

An MMA electrode classified as E7018 is: a. A basic low hydrogen electrode containing iron powder. b. A rutile electrode containing iron powder. c. A cellulose electrode suitable for welding in all positions. d. A basic electrode depositing weld metal with yield strength of a least 70,000 psi. e. both a and d.

9.

The number 135 is placed at the end of the reference line on a weld symbol. According to ISO 2553 what does this number indicate? a. The welding process is stated as MMA b. The welding process is stated as TIG c. The welding process is stated as SAW d. NDT is to be carried out after welding e. None of the above

10. Which of the following is the most likely to be considered an essential variable for a welder qualification test? a. A change from an electrode classified to BS EN 499 as an E46 3 INI B to an electrode classified to AWS A5.1 as an E7018. b. A change of pipe wall thickness by at least 15 mm. c. A change in pre-heat temperature from 50oC to 100oC. d. A change from PC welding position to PA welding position. e. All of the above.

11 What would be a typical appearance of a ductile fracture surface? a. Rough randomly torn and a reduction in area. b. Smooth fracture surface displaying beach marks c. Step like appearance. d. Bright crystalline fracture with very little reduction in area. e. Both a and b.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-AWI-1 05 issue5 Date: 10/02/05

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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

12. In EN 499, what does the number 50 represent in the following electrode classification? E 50 3 1Ni B 160 0 1 H5. a. A minimum of 50 N/mm2 yield strength. b. A minimum of 500 N/mm2 tensile strength. c. A minimum of 50000 psi yield strength d. A minimum of 50000 psi tensile strength e. None of the above.

13. Increasing the carbon content of a steel will: a. Increase the hardness and toughness b. Decrease the hardness and toughness c. Increase hardness, decrease toughness d. Decrease hardness, increase toughness

14. Which of the following is applicable for the HAZ on a C/Mn steel weld if the heat input increases: a. Both hardness and width is increased. b. Hardness decreases, width increases. c. Both hardness and width decreases. d. Hardness increases, width decreases.

15. What is the main reason for the application of pre-heat a. To change the chemical composition of the weld and parent material. b. The control the hydrogen and prevent cracking. c. To remove residual stresses. d. Both a and b. e. All of the above

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-AWI-1 05 issue5 Date: 10/02/05

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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

16. Which of the following is most likely to increase the chance of solidification cracking? a. Reduction in sulphur content of the parent material b. Increased restraint on the joint during welding. c. Increase in weld hydrogen content from 15 ml/100 g to 25 m/l100 g. d. Poor through thickness ductility in the materials being welded. e. Both a and b.

17. What is the effect of full annealing compared to normalizing? a. A reduction in grain size. b. An increase in grain size. c. An increase in toughness d. The grain size will not be affected. e. None of the above

18. Which of the following elements may cause cold shortness a. Sulphur. b. Phosphorous c. Manganese. d. Silicon

19. When considering the advantages of site radiography over ultrasonic inspection which of the following applies? a. A permanent record produced, good for detecting lack of sidewall fusion in a single U butt weld and defect identification. b. A permanent record produced, good for the detection of all surface and subsurface defects and assessing the through thickness depths of defects. c. Permanent record produced, good for defect identification and not as reliant upon surface preparation. d. No controlled areas required on site, a permanent record produced and good for assessing pipe wall thickness reductions due to internal corrosion. e. Both a and c

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-AWI-1 05 issue5 Date: 10/02/05

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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

20. Which of the following materials are the most susceptible to HICC in the weld zone a. Carbon Manganese steel b. Micro alloyed steel (HSLA). c. Austenitic steel d. Both a and b e. All of the above

21. Lamellar tearing is: a. A product defect caused during the manufacturing of certain steels b. A crack type, which occurs in the parent material due to welding strains acting in the short transverse direction of the parent material. c. A type of hot crack associated with impurities (sulphur, carbon and phosphorous). d. A type of crack that occurs in the weld or parent material due to cyclic stresses. 22. Which of the following statement maybe considered correct when dealing with agglomerated fluxes? 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. A. B. C. D. Easy addition of additive Theyre less hygroscopic than other types Flaky appearance Need to bake, prior to their use Less dust tendency Statements 1 & 4 are correct Answer 1 and 3 are correct Answer 4 and 5 are correct Statements 1, 2,4 and 5 are correct

23. Which of the following is applicable to the heat treatment process of normalising carbon-manganese steel a. It is always carried out below the lower critical limit. b. It is carried out to ensure the material has maximum tensile strength. c. It is carried out to ensure the material is of maximum ductility and malleability in preparation for extensive cold working operations. d. It is carried out at approximately 910oC for the purpose of grain refinement

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-AWI-1 05 issue5 Date: 10/02/05

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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

24. A tee joint on a support bracket is to be welded both sides using 5 mm leg length fillet welds, each weld is to be intermittent 50 mm in length, and the gap between each weld is to be 25 mm. In accordance with EN 22553 which of the following symbols gives the correct representation? a. 5 5 50 (25) 50 (25) c. 5 x 50 (25) 5 x 50 (25)

b.

5 5

25 (50) 25 (50)

d.

5 x 50 (25) 5 x 50 (25)

25. Austenitic stainless steel can be identified by: a. Very shiny appearance. b. Lack of magnetic attraction. c. Its extreme hardness. d. None of the above

26. Ultrasonic testing is preferable to radiographic testing due to: a. Its ability to detect all defects. b. Lower amount of operator skill required. c. Its ability to detect laminations. d. Its ability to detect both sub-surface and surface defects in Austenitic stainless steel.

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-AWI-1 05 issue5 Date: 10/02/05

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THE WELDING INSTITUTE

27. Which of the following flame types would you expect to be used for the cutting of mild steel? a. Carburising flame. b. Oxidising flame. c. Reducing flame. d. Neutral flame.

28. The heat affected zone of a carbon steel fusion weld a. Usually has the highest tensile strength and highest toughness values b. Usually has the lowest toughness values and cannot be avoided c. Is usually gamma iron phase and cannot be avoided d. Both a and c. e. All of the above.

29. A welding process where the welding plant controls the travel speed and the arc gap, but under constant supervision using a shielding gas mixture of 80% argon 20% carbon dioxide is termed: a. A manual MAG process. b. A semi-automatic MAG process. c. A mechanised MIG process. d. A mechanised MAG process.

30. The main reason for toe blending on certain welded components is: a. Corrosion considerations. b. Fatigue life. c. Appearance. d. All of the above

WIS 5 Qu paper MSR-AWI-1 05 issue5 Date: 10/02/05

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