ICTJ World Report

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ICTJ World Report
October 2013

In Focus
ICTJ Forum: Leymah Gbowee on Peace and Justice in Liberia
Leymah Gbowee is a human rights defender who was one of the leading voices in the women’s peace movement that contributed to the end of Liberia’s second civil war. In 2011, she—along with Ellen Johnson Sirleaf and Tawakkul Karman—was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize for their non-violent struggle for women's rights.
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World Report
AFRICA A panel of appeals judges upheld the 50-year jail sentence against former President of Liberia, Charles Taylor, on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. Deputy president of Kenya William Ruto sayshe wants his International Criminal Court trial to continue if judges will allow him to stay in Kenya and carry out his duties. Meanwhile, the European Union has urged Kenyan authorities to thoroughly investigate allegations of extra-judicial killings in the country. The ICC has unsealed an indictment against Charles Blé Goudé for of crimes of humanity in Cote d’Ivoire. The indictment against has been pending since December 2011, eight months after he fled the country. After visiting the Democratic Republic of Congo , members of a UN Security Council delegation say they have reassuring signs from the government that it wants a positive outcome from talks with M23 rebels in the east. Nearly 200 peaceful protesters in Sudan were killed in protests that started in Darfur and swept across the country. Meanwhile, French judges have charged a Rwandan doctor for planning to commit the crime of genocide in 1994.

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AMERICAS Colombia’s rebel group FARC says it has achieved “modest progress” in peace negotiations with the government. At the UN General Assembly, Colombia’s President reported that efforts to undo the damage from nearly half a century of guerrilla warfare will continue through democratic means, including truth justice and reparations for victims. UN’s special rapporteur on transitional justice, Pablo de Greiff, visited Uruguay in his first mission and provided a preliminary assessment on what measures should be implemented in the country to address victims’ rights. A Guatemalan court sentenced a former national police chief to 40 years in prison for orchestrating the disappearance of a student union leader in 1984 during the country's bloody civil war. Protest grew in El Salvador after the government shut down the Archbishop's Human Rights and Legal Aid Office, known as Tutela Legal, which since 1982 has documented more than 50,000 cases of human rights abuse. The shutdown coincides with a petition accepted by the Salvadorian Constitutional Court that claims the Amnesty Law is unconstitutional. In Ecuador, a judge has ordered the arrest of three army and police officers in the country’s first trial involving alleged crimes against humanity—they are part of a group of 10 former senior officers accused of abducting and torturing members of an illegal opposition group in 1985.
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ASIA Myanmar’s President Thein Sein visited Rakhine State amid a fresh outbreak of anti-Muslim violence. Additionally, fifty-six political prisoners were released on the first day of a new round of peace talks between the government and the Kachin Independence Organization. In Nepal, the International Commission of Jurists has pointed to the lack of progress towards ending impunity and implementing post-conflict recommendations. Meanwhile, oppositional leaders and international activists have criticized Malaysia’s Prime Minister Najib Razak for approving a crime-prevention law affirming authorities the right to hold people without trial for years. In the Philippines at least 114 members of the Moro National Liberation Front were charged with cases of murder, arson, and rebellion. In Afghanistan, the names and details of nearly 5,000 victims who were arrested, tortured, and killed by the Afghanistan government have been released and were made public by Dutch investigators.
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EUROPE Forensic experts have uncovered 94 bodies in the village of Tomasica, near the Bosnian town of Prijedor, believed to be those of Bosniak Muslims and Croats killed by Serb forces during the civil war. An Argentine judge is seeking to extradite and try Spanish police officials accused of torturing opponents of the regime under Francisco Franco. Spaniards claiming to be victims of the abuses filed a lawsuit in Buenos Aires in 2010, after Spain’s 1977 Amnesty Law obstructed their search for justice. An 88 year old former prisoner commander is being put on trial for his role in Communist-era abuses, the

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first case of its kind since Romania executed dictator Nicolae Ceausescu.
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MENA The UN Special Tribunal for Lebanon (STL) has handed down a fifth amendment over the 2005 killing of Rafik Hariri. The accused Hassan H. Merhi is associated with Hezbollah and like the other four suspects remains at large. The STL has requested cooperation from the Lebanese state and Hezbollah, which recently has signaled that it would continue paying its contribution to the court’s budget. Political groups in Egypt are calling for retribution for those killed during the deadly attack on protestors at the Maspero building on 9 October 2011. The moderate Islamist Ennahda party agreed to resign after negotiation talks as a way to end months of political deadlock in Tunisia. Undergoing a transitional period, the UN and officials in Yemen have urged extra efforts by the President and his government to ensure protection of human rights during this period. The ICC ruled that Libya's Gaddafiera intelligence chief, Abdullah al-Senussi, can be tried in Libya. The decision means that the ICC will no longer demand that Mr Senussi be sent to The Hague to stand trial. Meanwhile, a new report from the United Nations says torture and brutality are widespread in Libyan prisons run by various militias two years after the overthrow of leader Muammar Gaddafi.
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Publications
Towards a Transitional Justice Strategy for Syria
This briefing paper focuses on establishing a credible approach to accountability and human rights in a post-conflict Syria.
View Report

Upcoming Events
October 28 - November 22, 2013

Inside International Justice
Location: The Hague, Netherlands View Details

November 27 - 29, 2013

Lebanon’s Legacy of Political Violence
This report compiles information on hundreds of incidents of serious human rights violations that occurred in Lebanon from 1975 to 2008, including mass killings, enforced disappearances, assassinations, forced displacement, and the shelling of civilian areas.
View Report

Legal Frames of Memory: Transitional Justice in Central and Eastern Europe
Location: Warsaw, Poland View Details

January 19 - 25, 2014

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More Publications

Investigating Cases of Sexual and Gender Based Violence as International Crimes
Location: Bogota, Colombia View Details

More Events

Copyright 2011 International Center for Transitional Justice

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